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Results 251 - 300 of 825
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Solomon Daniel H - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteoporosis treatments will be used with increasing frequency as the population ages; however, relatively little is known about their long-term safety. Recent case reports cite a range of potential adverse events. We review data regarding atrial fibrillation, bone pain, osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), atypical fractures, and ...
Villanueva Salvador - - 2009
Saw palmetto is the most popular herbal supplement used to treat symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The safety and efficacy of saw palmetto has been established in the literature. While the majority of studies document the efficacy and safety of saw palmetto, some studies document the adverse side effects, ...
Alsamarai Susan - - 2009
Taxotere has recently been making a noticeable impact on breast, gastric, ovarian, prostate and non-small cell lung cancers. Its side effects include dyspnea, pruritus, skin rashes, fever and hypotension. The patient presented the less common, however potentially fatal, toxicity of pneumonitis. He initially presented with a flu-like illness and hypoxia ...
Botros George - - 2009
This case report shows with documented evidence that a misplaced Mirena intrauterine system in the abdominal cavity had an endocrine and contraceptive effect causing amenorrhea and infertility for 2 years and 5 months. This had been proved by a negative hysteroscopy in November 2004 and an abdominal X-ray showing the ...
Ní Chróinín Danielle - - 2009
Spider bites are an uncommon presenting complaint to Irish emergency services. We describe the case report of a patient diagnosed with a spider bite, thought due to an Australian (White-Tailed) spider unintentionally imported in a traveller's luggage. Her lesions were consistent with those caused by White-Tailed Spiders, and her clinical ...
Neill Ushma S - - 2009
Most scientists learn how to review papers by being thrown into the deep end of the pool: here's a paper, write a review. Perhaps this is not the best way to keep an enterprise afloat. But what should be included in a review? What should the tone of a review ...
Slavenburg Serena - - 2010
Combination of peginterferon and ribavirin is the current therapy for chronic hepatitis C infection (HCV). Interstitial pneumonitis is a rare side-effect of HCV therapy and is an important cause of dose reduction or discontinuation, impairing success of antiviral therapy. We performed a review of the literature in order to present ...
Peritogiannis V - - 2010
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a devastating adverse effect of long-term antipsychotic drug treatment. Atypical antipsychotics produce less TD, and it has been shown that they may have a therapeutic effect on pre-existing TD. Here, we report a case of olanzapine-induced TD which did not improve after switching to risperidone but ...
Bogris Sotirios L - - 2009
In pediatric oncology patients, hemorrhagic cystitis can be a life-threatening complication of bone marrow transplantation, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. The treatment of this condition is often challenging and includes intravesical irrigation with aluminum, embolization, endoscopic laser coagulation, hydrostatic pressure, use of hyperbaric oxygen, instillation of formalin, prostaglandins, and oral sodium ...
Chu Michael W - - 2009
Ankyloglossia, or tongue-tie, refers to an abnormally short lingual frenulum. Ankyloglossia is a recognized but poorly defined condition and has been reported to cause feeding difficulties, dysarthria, dyspnea, and social or mechanical problems. In infants, the most concerning symptoms are feeding difficulties and inability to breastfeed. While a recent trend ...
Jagdish S - - 2009
Opioids constitute an important component of analgesic regimens and in the UK military, they are used throughout the journey of the wounded soldier. Concerns have been expressed about their usefulness and potential adverse effects when they are continued beyond the acute phase into rehabilitation. The current literature regarding opiod usage ...
Gil-Gouveia R - - 2009
Lidocaine has been used in treatment of patients with refractory headache. Personal observations of neuropsychiatric toxicity in these patients led us to review our cases and the literature systematically for lidocaine side-effects, especially neuropsychiatric symptoms. In our series of 20 patients, side-effects were observed in all, the most frequent being ...
Talpur Rakhashandra - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tazarotene (Tazorac, Avage, Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) is a synthetic retinoic acid receptor- betagamma topical retinoid approved for the treatment of plaque psoriasis and acne vulgaris. OBJECTIVES: To review a decade of experience using tazarotene as a monotherapy or as combination therapy for approved and other indications: acne, ...
den Hartog Julia R - - 2009
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has increased over the past two decades. The sensitivity of serum creatinine (sCr) to identify CKD is low. As a result, many healthcare centers report estimated GFR (eGFR) with routine blood work. The aim of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of ...
Hewitt Richard Jd - - 2009
Superior semicircular canal dehiscence represents a manageable cause of sound and pressure induced vertigo. This case highlights its presentation and investigation, including a review of the literature, and the authors' surgical technique used in its successful treatment. A 45-year-old Caucasian man presented with vertigo induced by sound or pressure. Subsequent ...
Lavonas Eric J - - 2009
In 2000, the United States Food and Drug Administration approved Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab (Ovine) (hereafter, FabAV), "for the management of patients with minimal to moderate North American Crotalid envenomation." Because whole-IgG pit viper antivenom is no longer available in the United States, FabAV is currently the only specific treatment ...
Tottenham Nim N University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA, - - 2009
A review of the human developmental neuroimaging literature that investigates outcomes following exposure to psychosocial adversity is presented with a focus on two subcortical structures - the hippocampus and the amygdala. Throughout this review, we discuss how a consideration of developmental timing of adverse experiences and age at measurement might ...
Zackaria Mohamed - - 2009
We describe a case of ear candling presenting as hearing loss, and review the literature. Ear candling is considered as an alternate medical therapy for dewaxing the ears, discomfort in ears and sinuses, rhinitis, sinusitis, glue ear, colds, flu, migraines, poor or "muffled" hearing, high stress, and ringing in the ...
Ramot Yuval - - 2009
Finasteride (1 mg/day) is widely utilized by dermatologists for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia. Although enjoying a relatively good safety profile, several sex-related adverse effects have been reported with this drug. Here we report two cases of gynecomastia, one of them bilateral, caused by Propecia((R)) prescribed for the treatment of ...
Singla Sanjeev - - 2009
We report a case of 62-year-old female, who developed port site metastasis one year after undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for calculous cholecystitis. This is only second such report in Indian literature.
Al-Harbi Talal M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Finasteride is an antiandrogen, inhibits type II 5-alpha reductase (enzyme that converts testosterone to more potent form dihydrotestosterone), and is commonly used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and male frontal baldness; however, it is not free from side effects, which include sexual dysfunction and, rarely, myopathy. We ...
Erdemir Fikret - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem affecting middle-aged and elderly men. First-line medical therapy includes alpha 1blockers and 5alpha-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs), such as finasteride and dutasteride. 5ARI use has been associated with adverse sexual outcomes, including erectile dysfunction (ED), ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD), and decreased libido. AIM: To ...
Elbe Dean - - 2008
To review published literature regarding ziprasidone in child and adolescent psychiatry. A literature review was conducted using the medline search term: 'ziprasidone' with limits: Human trials, English language, All Child (Age 0-18). Additional articles were identified from reference information and poster presentation data. Two randomized controlled trials and five prospective ...
Ghosh Bhaswati - - 2009
Use of levonorgestrel as emergency contraception is a safe and effective measure to prevent unwanted pregnancy. However, ectopic gestation in case of failure is a known risk. Access to levonorgestrel without a prescription in many countries has made it impossible to estimate the exact incidence of this potential adverse event. ...
Aytekin Vedat - - 2008
Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been proven to be effective in reducing restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventions, but they are associated with a risk of late thrombotic occlusion with adverse clinical events. We report a case of an angiographically confirmed paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) thrombosis which occurred 36 months after successful stent ...
Tsai Jui-Hsiu - - 2009
Zolpidem, a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic of the imidazopyridine class, is very effective in treating insomnia with previous claims of little adverse effects. However, zolpidem-induced somnambulism and amnesic sleep-related behavioral problems were begun to be reported in literature but no systemic investigation has been undertaken in non-Western cultures. In our current retrospective ...
Ueshima Kenji - - 2009
Candesartan Antihypertensive Survival Evaluation in Japan (CASE-J) trial was conducted to compare the effects of the angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) candesartan and the calcium channel blocker (CCB) amlodipine on the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events in Japanese high-risk hypertensive patients. After 3.2years follow-up, CV events rate was 17.6-17.7 per ...
Wanebo John E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Adverse radiation effects are a known complication after the use of SRS for AVMs, although it is difficult to predict which patients will manifest with these side effects. Treatment of swelling due to ARE is usually medical, but refractory cases may require surgical decompression. CASE DESCRIPTION: This report presents ...
McAdams Mara A - - 2008
To evaluate the evidence for temporal reporting patterns, such as the Weber effect, in spontaneous post-marketing adverse event (AE) reports submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), for four members of the angiotensin II receptor blockers drug class (ARBs). For losartan, valsartan, irbesartan, and candesartan, we evaluated temporal trends ...
Hariprasad S M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Voriconazole has an important role to play in the prophylaxis and management of fungal endophthalmitis and keratitis. New-generation triazoles, including voriconazole, posaconazole and ravuconazole, have been shown in laboratory studies and clinical experience to have very good safety profiles with few side effects. Fungal eye infections, while not common ...
Thurtell M J - - 2008
Phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors are well tolerated and efficacious treatments for male erectile dysfunction that currently rank among the best-selling drugs worldwide. Since their introduction 10 years ago, there have been a number of reports of patients developing, within hours of PDE-5 inhibitor use, permanent visual loss due to nonarteritic ...
Partsch H - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to review published literature concerning the use of compression treatments in the management of venous and lymphatic diseases and establish where reliable evidence exists to justify the use of medical compression and where further research is required to address areas of uncertainty. METHODS: ...
Cassidy C M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether an Early Case Identification Program (ECIP) for first-episode psychosis (FEP), which showed no significant short-term effects, has a delayed impact on duration of untreated psychosis (DUP). METHOD: Using a historical control design, FEP patients were assessed on clinical variables over three consecutive phases, 2 years prior, ...
Moraska Albert - - 2010
Use of massage therapy by the general public has increased substantially in recent years. In light of the popularity of massage therapy for stress reduction, a comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed literature is important to summarize the effectiveness of this modality on stress-reactive physiological measures. On-line databases were searched for ...
Draper T H J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of an adult patient who developed auditory complaints following xylene exposure, and to review the literature on the effects of solvent exposure on hearing. CASE REPORT: The patient presented with a gradual deterioration in his ability to hear in difficult acoustic environments and also to ...
Capapé Susana - - 2008
The use of ketamine for pediatric sedation in the Emergency Department for painful procedures has become increasingly popular. Ketamine is a safe and effective sedative for diagnostic or therapeutic procedures in the Emergency Department. Sedation with this dissociative agent produces a rapid onset action, potent analgesia, adequate sedation, amnesia and ...
Jose Jimmy - - 2008
Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is a rare but serious adverse effect reported with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Only one report (2 cases) of AIN with lansoprazole is published in literature. A case of lansoprazole induced interstitial nephritis (biopsy supported) was reported in an elderly female patient admitted to the hospital ...
Fraunfelder Frederick W - - 2008
PURPOSE:: To investigate a suspected relationship between central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and sildenafil therapy. METHODS:: For this retrospective, observational case series, the authors reviewed over 1,500 case reports of sildenafil-associated ocular side effects from the postmarketing surveillance databases of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the World Health Organization (WHO), ...
Mehler-Wex Claudia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the use of atypical antipsychotics in anorexia nervosa of children and adolescents and to present three case reports on quetiapine treatment of this subgroup. METHOD: Review of the literature and case report. RESULTS: Several case reports and two small open-label trials, mainly in adults, ...
Liu Zhaohui - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of earlobe-bleeding plus body acupuncture for common acne. METHODS: The earlobe-bleeding plus local and body acupuncture based on syndrome differentiation was adopted for 85 cases of common acne. RESULTS: Of the 85 cases treated, 61 were cured, 12 markedly effective, 9 improved, and 3 ...
Munguia Raymundo - - 2008
There has been an increase in the prevalence of otomycosis in recent years. This has been linked to the extensive use of antibiotic eardrops. Treatment of otomycosis is challenging, and requires a close follow-up. We present a review of the literature on otomycosis, the topical antifungals most commonly used, and ...
Zentall Thomas R - - 2008
Within-trial contrast occurs when a discriminative stimulus that is preceded by a relatively aversive event is preferred over another that is preceded by a less aversive event. Recent failures to replicate (Arantes & Grace, 2008; Vasconcelos, Urcuioli, & Lionello-DeNolf, 2007) may allow us to identify factors that may be responsible. ...
Graves Patricia M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of impregnated mosquito nets, indoor residual spraying and larval control relative to the impacts of climate variability in the decline of malaria cases in Eritrea. METHODS: Monthly data on clinical malaria cases by subzoba (district) in three zobas (zones) of Eritrea for 1998-2003 were used ...
Morihisa Yoichiro - - 2008
Supermicrosurgical lymphaticovenous anastomosis and microsurgical lymphaticovenous implantation are procedures currently used to treat lymphedema. However, because in most cases concomitant conservative treatments are included, it is difficult to objectively assess the direct effect of the procedures. The present report is a case in which supermicrosurgical lymphaticovenous anastomosis and microsurgical lymphaticovenous ...
Sautebin Lidia L Department of Experimental Pharmacology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy. - - 2008
Currently, cosmetics and toiletries are very popular and their use continues to increase because consumers consider physical appearance important and, at the same time, these products are considered to be safe. However, in spite of their safety and tolerability, during recent decades, we have become aware that adverse effects can ...
Dugatkin Lee Alan - - 2007
We examined the impact of winner and loser effects on dominance hierarchy formation when individuals are capable of estimating their opponent's resource holding power (RHP). The accuracy of such estimates was a variable in our simulations, and we considered cases in which all individuals err within the same bounds, as ...
Bosman T - - 2008
Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis (IHCP) is a rare clinical entity, characterized by a chronic inflammation causing thickening of the dura. Adequate therapeutic management is still a matter of debate. We present a patient with an IHCP, non-responsive to corticotherapy. Oral methotrexate was introduced (12.5 mg weekly) and total remission was ...
Foster Adriana - - 2007
There is a growing body of literature supporting the contribution of genetic variability to the mechanisms responsible for the adverse effects of antipsychotic medications particularly movement disorders and weight gain. Despite the current gap between research studies and the practical tools available to the clinician to identify such risks, it ...
Guilbert J - - 2007
We describe a case of a young child who lived in Hong Kong who presented with a severe epilepticus status after a return flight to Paris. Routine laboratory tests failed to establish a cause. Upon further questioning, the parents reported that the nanny had given an abdominal massage to the ...
Parakh Sagun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Eptifibatide is a glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor used globally, but there is little information on overdose. We report a case of eptifibatide overdose with no consequence to the patient. METHODS: We searched for eptifibatide overdose on PubMed, British National Formulary, Thomson Micromedex, EudraPharm, Toxbase, and the Medicines and Healthcare ...
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