Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 825
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Khedmat Hossein - - 2010
Ramadan fasting is one of the most appreciated Islamic rituals in Islamic culture. Although non-healthy as well as weak people are allowed not to fast in this month, some transplant recipient patients are willing to fast but are concerned about adverse effects on their health. Due to answering this question, ...
Hsieh Cheng-Yang - - 2010
Refractory status epilepticus (RSE) is an emergent and difficult neurologic problem that is not uncommon in clinical practice. In this report, we describe a 23-year-old man whose RSE was refractory to standard antiepileptic drugs and barbiturates; it was successfully terminated only with intravenous ketamine. In this report, we evaluated and ...
Kiriakidis Stavros P - - 2010
The present article is a review of the literature of cyberbullying. Main findings are summarized regarding issues of definition of cyberbullying, differences, and similarities with traditional bullying; its extent; the forms of cyberbullying; the characteristics of cyberbullies and cybervictims; the effects of cyberbullying on the psychosocial development of youth; age ...
Vandenbossche Joris - - 2010
Loperamide is a peripherally acting mu opioid receptor agonist and an avid substrate for P-glycoprotein. This may give rise to drug-drug interactions and increased risk for central adverse effects. The objective of this study was to re-evaluate the predictability of non-clinical data using loperamide as a probe P-glycoprotein substrate. We ...
Gorustovich Alejandro A - - 2010
The incorporation of bioactive glass into bone tissue-engineered scaffolds can be widely beneficial based on emerging evidence in the literature about the angiogenic potential of this material, particularly 45S5 Bioglass((R)). This article reviews the literature discussing in vitro studies which have demonstrated that increases in angiogenic indicators have been achieved ...
Praharaj Samir Kumar - - 2010
Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) are occasionally associated with sensory symptoms, which are one of the less recognized adverse effects. A PUBMED search supplemented with manual search was made to review the relevant literature. Anesthesia, paresthesia, and mastalgia have been reported to occur with this group of medications. The possible pathophysiology ...
Magdaleno Fernando - - 2010
Stabilization splints are frequently used for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and bruxism, despite the fact that little is known about their mechanism of action or the precise conditions under which they can be recommended. Moreover, information about their possible adverse effects, which in the majority of cases include ...
Rodríguez Normidaris - - 2010
Retrograde intubation is currently part of the Difficult Airway Algorithm of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, and as such, every anesthesiologist should be competent in this procedure. Nevertheless, when performing it, one must be aware that it is not exempt of complications. We review the case of a patient who, ...
Valle Laia Gu?rdia - - 2010
We present the first report of Harpellales (Kickxellomycotina) from Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic was surveyed, and members of the ecological group trichomycetes were encountered in the gut of their arthropod hosts. Among Harpellales we describe a new species, Smittium caribense, and report the presence of seven previously known species that ...
Palma Jose-Alberto - - 2010
Neurological disturbances due to lithium-carbamazepine combination therapy are infrequent, and only a few cases have been reported so far. We describe a most unusual case of a patient with a history of bipolar disorder who developed ataxic gait, imbalance, and intention tremor after lithium-and-carbamazepine combination treatment with therapeutic serum levels ...
Simoens Steven - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Primary immunodeficiency disorders are associated with increased patient susceptibility to recurrent infections. Since the 1950s, immunoglobulin products have been administered to treat infections in primary immunodeficiency, and patients often require lifelong therapy. The aim of this study is to carry out a literature review of a ready-to-use 10% liquid ...
Grotenhermen F - - 2010
To investigate the hypothesis that cases of arteritis similar to thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) and associated with the use of cannabis were caused by cannabis or THC (dronabinol), or that cannabis use is a co-factor of TAO. A systematic review on case reports and the literature on so-called cannabis arteritis, TAO, ...
Brinks Aaltien - - 2010
To estimate the occurrence and type of adverse effects after application of an extra-articular (soft tissue) corticosteroid injection. A systematic review of the literature was made based on a PubMed and Embase search covering the period 1956 to January 2010. Case reports were included, as were prospective and retrospective studies ...
Liao L-M - - 2010
This review investigates the quality and content of published reports relating to labial surgery for well women. Electronic databases were searched for relevant articles between 1950 and April 2009. Forty articles were identified, 18 of which included patient data. The specification of the study design was unavailable in 15 of ...
Rogers Carol - - 2010
Several meditative movement interventions have been designed for older adults in the community setting. Previous reviews have reported on the objective efficacy of interventions, but little has been reported on the effectiveness of such interventions. The purpose of this review is to report the perceived psychosocial benefits and health outcomes ...
Morishita Takashi - - 2010
Dystonic tremor, which may present with many different clinical presentations (rhythmic oscillations, abnormal posture, pain, and/or a null point) has proven to be a challenge for the clinician to effectively treat. Although recent studies have demonstrated excellent outcomes in select cases following deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the internal globus ...
Nassar D - - 2010
Long-acting steroids (LAS) are widely used to treat various inflammatory diseases and allergies. They have many adverse effects including the inhibition of the hypothalamopituitary axis that can last several months. LAS are also strong immunosuppressors and can result in severe opportunistic infections and immunodeficiency-related malignancies. However, the time needed for ...
Wiegand Annette - - 2010
The present review summarises the effects of titanium tetrafluoride (TiF(4)) on the development and progression of carious and erosive lesions. The mode of action of TiF(4) is due to the formation of an acid-stable surface layer, which provides mechanical protection to the surface, and to an increased fluoride uptake, which ...
Bocciardi Renata - - 2010
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), among which Rosiglitazone, are known agonists of the peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) commonly used for treatment of hyperglycemia. A recently published article describing a case report on a patient affected by Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) treated with Rosiglitazone has prompted interest for careful analysis of the rational basis ...
B?ttner Andreas - - 2010
Side effects of anabolic steroids with relevance in forensic medicine are mainly due to life-threatening health risks with potential fatal outcome and cases of uncertain limitations of criminal liability after steroid administration. Both problems are typically associated with long-term abuse and excessive overdose of anabolic steroids. Side effects may be ...
Giunta Giovanni - - 2010
Capecitabine is an orally active prodrug of fluorouracil and is extensively used as an antineoplastic agent. It is converted to 5-Fluorouracil in the liver and tumor tissues. Warfarin is an anticoagulant agent for preventing and treating venous and arterial thrombosis and embolism and is metabolized by cytochrome P450 isoenzymes in ...
McClelland Collin M - - 2010
Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec((R))) is a well-established pharmacologic treatment for all phases of chronic myeloid leukemia and for advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Edema-related side effects are relatively common in imatinib therapy with the periocular skin representing one of the most common sites for localized edema. While the adverse effect of ...
Han Kun - - 2010
Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma is a rare soft tissue sarcoma. Surgery is the cornerstone of the management of this tumour. The response rate to chemotherapy has been very poor; with the exception of one reported case which showed promising results, overall results are disappointing because no significant radiologic or clinical responses ...
Ramberg Jane E - - 2010
A large body of literature suggests that certain polysaccharides affect immune system function. Much of this literature, however, consists of in vitro studies or studies in which polysaccharides were injected. Their immunologic effects following oral administration is less clear. The purpose of this systematic review was to consolidate and evaluate ...
Sadashivaiah Anitha B - - 2010
Fillers are commonly used in several aesthetic indications. Though considered safe, several side effects have been reported. The role of biofilms in the causation of some of these side effects has been elucidated only recently and this article presents a short review of the subject.
Lin James S - - 2010
Hyperlipidemia is prevalent and is highly associated with coronary heart disease. Some patients are reluctant or opt not to take lipid-lowering prescription medications for fear of adverse drug reactions. There are currently few well-designed randomized controlled trials showing the possibility of reducing cholesterol using red yeast rice. Meanwhile, adverse effects ...
Humphrey Shannon - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elastosis perforans serpiginosa (EPS) is a rare skin disease in which abnormal elastic tissue fibers, other connective tissue elements, and cellular debris are expelled from the papillary dermis via transepithelial elimination. It is characterized by an eruption of small grouped hyperkeratotic papules in a serpiginous arrangement. This condition presents ...
Syed Zain - - 2010
Aquagenic wrinkling of the palms (AWP) is a condition that results in pain and edema of the hands after exposure to water. We describe a 32-year-old woman who presented with a several-year history of AWP. She was unable to tolerate a 20 percent aluminum chloride solution because of irritation, but ...
Amir I - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We describe a case of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo which occurred after use of a whole-body vibration training plate. METHOD: Case report and literature review concerning the secondary causes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and the physiological effects of whole-body vibration training plates. RESULTS: A 44-year-old woman was referred ...
Peterson Cynthia - - 2011
This review article classifies the various adverse reactions arising from intra-articular injections by severity, diagnostic category, and whether they are due to corticosteroid, local anesthetic or viscosupplementation injections. Life-threatening and serious adverse events from intra-articular injections are rare and range from local complications to systemic afflictions. Measures to reduce the ...
Edmonds Carl - - 2009
A case of presumed scuba divers' pulmonary oedema (SDPE) is presented. The symptomatology and clinical progress is typical and it illustrates some of the aetiological factors incriminated in this disease, as well as measures taken to avoid the disorder. Such factors include the effects of immersion, negative-pressure inspiration induced by ...
Stenner Markus - - 2009
Little is known about the effects of intravenous abuse of cocaine, especially on the inner ear. We report on a 26-year-old man who presented to our outpatient department with a sudden severe hearing loss after intravenous injection of cocaine. The audiogram on admission showed symmetric air conduction levels up to ...
Fischer Bernard A - - 2010
Recent case reports and case series suggest that the atypical antipsychotic quetiapine has the potential for misuse. This includes drug-seeking behaviors motivated by quetiapine as well as inappropriate (intranasal or intravenous) administration. We present an additional case of quetiapine misuse and review other published cases. In general, quetiapine misuse is ...
Cowley Emma E - - 2009
This article explores relevant full-text literature to reveal the effects of heel height on gait and posture and the kinetics and kinematics of the foot, ankle, knee, hip, and spine. Furthermore, special attention will be given to the implications of increased heel height for clinicians treating locomotor disorders and provide ...
Weeks Benjamin S - - 2009
Dietary supplements are widely used for desired effects on memory, insomnia, mood and anxiety. This review focuses on supplements which have anxiolytic or mild relaxation properties and enhance mood. For example, Kava (Piper methysticum) is reported to have anaxiolytic actions and to reduce tension through skeletal muscle relaxation. Dried passion ...
Bentu??-Ferrer Dani??le - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Atazanavir (ATV) is a potent and safe protease inhibitor (PI) initially approved in adult HIV-1 infected patients in combination with other antiretroviral drugs with once daily administration. In combination with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and boosted with ritonavir, it has been established as the preferred initial regimen in ...
Laimer Martin - - 2009
Scleromyxoedema is a rare disease of unknown aetiology that is characterized by progressive cutaneous mucinosis and paraproteinaemia. A variety of systemic (e.g. gastro intestinal, neurological, pulmonary, cardiac and renal) complications may lead to significant morbidity and mortality necessitating therapeutic intervention. The latter remains challenging. Numerous treatment modalities have been reported ...
Sahakian Ara B - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Several gases are produced through enteric fermentation in the intestinal tract. Carbon dioxide, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, and methane are thought to be the most common of these. Recent evidence suggests that methane may not be inert. In this review article, we summarize the findings with methane. METHODS: This is ...
Etter Jean-Fran??ois - - 2009
To assess and compare the impact on quit attempts of online computer-tailored smoking cessation counseling reports and untailored reports, we performed a randomized controlled trial on a smoking cessation website in 2007-2008. After answering a questionnaire, current and former smokers were randomly assigned to immediately receiving either an online, individually ...
Upadya Gatha M - - 2009
Ciprofloxacin is one of the most commonly used antibacterial agents with relatively few side effects. Serious adverse reactions reported with ciprofloxacin are rare with an incidence of 0.6%. Recently we came across two rare adverse effects of ciprofloxacin, viz. toxic epidermal necrolysis and agranulocytosis. To our knowledge, a total of ...
Pollack Geoffrey - - 2009
Methylene blue has been used to help facilitate parathyroid surgery for over 30 years. Its use has been widely considered both safe and cost effective. Twenty-six cases of a toxic metabolic encephalopathy, however, have been reported with its use. As a result, some surgeons have stopped using this technique altogether. ...
Jalali Amir - - 2010
Many of the published accounts of envenomation by Hemiscorpius lepturus (H. lepturus) are in a form that makes it difficult for non Farsi readers to access. The purpose of this review is to summarise the Iranian literature on the toxinological effects of the venom of H. lepturus using both in ...
D?ckers Michel - - 2009
The aim of this systematic review was (a) to synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of detection, mitigation, and actions to reduce risks in hospitals and (b) to identify and describe components of interventions responsible for effectiveness. Thirteen literature databases were explored using a structured search and data extraction strategy. ...
Tan Eng Hooi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compile evidence from randomized controlled trials, case series, and case reports to identify the effectiveness of various therapeutic agents for the treatment and prevention of dermatologic effects secondary to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor (EGFRI) administration. DATA SOURCES: Literature was accessed through PubMed (2002-May 2009) and Scopus (2002-March ...
Poulsen S - - 2009
AIM: This was to review and update knowledge from presently available systematic reviews of clinical trials on the effect of fluoride containing gels, mouth rinses and varnishes. METHODS: The review was based on an electronic search of three data bases (PubMed 2000 to 2008, EMBASE 2000- 2009, Cochrane 2000-2008) using ...
Gish Paula - - 2009
We reviewed Food and Drug Administration postmarketing reports of central nervous system (CNS) anticholinergic effects in association with oxybutynin. Taking domestic usage by age group into account, there is a disproportionately higher number of CNS adverse event cases reported in pediatric patients as compared with adult patients. CNS stimulation was ...
Chen J Y - - 2010
In this report, we present a case of a patient with CT angiographic artifacts related to left-sided venous injection resulting in a striking pattern of enhancement simulating vascular abnormalities, which prompted additional diagnostic imaging. To our knowledge, no similar case has been reported in the published literature to date.
Kohnert Kathryn - - 2009
The focus of this article is on the potential transfer or generalization of positive effects from a treated to an untreated language in bilingual or multilingual individuals with primary acquired aphasia. Twelve studies are reviewed: All were previously published in English in peer-reviewed journals. Half of these studies failed to ...
Fabi Sabrina Guillen - - 2009
Thalidomide is increasingly being used due to its effectiveness in the treatment of a variety of dermatologic conditions refractory to other treatments. Although thalidomide's side effects have been well-documented in the literature since its entry in the 1950s, some of the risks associated with its use are still being discovered. ...
Popper A N - - 2009
There is increasing concern about the effects of pile driving and other anthropogenic (human-generated) sound on fishes. Although there is a growing body of reports examining this issue, little of the work is found in the peer-reviewed literature. This review critically examines both the peer-reviewed and 'grey' literature, with the ...
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