Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 798
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McClelland Collin M - - 2010
Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec((R))) is a well-established pharmacologic treatment for all phases of chronic myeloid leukemia and for advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Edema-related side effects are relatively common in imatinib therapy with the periocular skin representing one of the most common sites for localized edema. While the adverse effect of ...
Brinks Aaltien - - 2010
To estimate the occurrence and type of adverse effects after application of an extra-articular (soft tissue) corticosteroid injection. A systematic review of the literature was made based on a PubMed and Embase search covering the period 1956 to January 2010. Case reports were included, as were prospective and retrospective studies ...
Ramberg Jane E - - 2010
A large body of literature suggests that certain polysaccharides affect immune system function. Much of this literature, however, consists of in vitro studies or studies in which polysaccharides were injected. Their immunologic effects following oral administration is less clear. The purpose of this systematic review was to consolidate and evaluate ...
Amir I - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We describe a case of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo which occurred after use of a whole-body vibration training plate. METHOD: Case report and literature review concerning the secondary causes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and the physiological effects of whole-body vibration training plates. RESULTS: A 44-year-old woman was referred ...
Stenner Markus - - 2009
Little is known about the effects of intravenous abuse of cocaine, especially on the inner ear. We report on a 26-year-old man who presented to our outpatient department with a sudden severe hearing loss after intravenous injection of cocaine. The audiogram on admission showed symmetric air conduction levels up to ...
Edmonds Carl - - 2009
A case of presumed scuba divers' pulmonary oedema (SDPE) is presented. The symptomatology and clinical progress is typical and it illustrates some of the aetiological factors incriminated in this disease, as well as measures taken to avoid the disorder. Such factors include the effects of immersion, negative-pressure inspiration induced by ...
Peterson Cynthia - - 2011
This review article classifies the various adverse reactions arising from intra-articular injections by severity, diagnostic category, and whether they are due to corticosteroid, local anesthetic or viscosupplementation injections. Life-threatening and serious adverse events from intra-articular injections are rare and range from local complications to systemic afflictions. Measures to reduce the ...
Fischer Bernard A - - 2010
Recent case reports and case series suggest that the atypical antipsychotic quetiapine has the potential for misuse. This includes drug-seeking behaviors motivated by quetiapine as well as inappropriate (intranasal or intravenous) administration. We present an additional case of quetiapine misuse and review other published cases. In general, quetiapine misuse is ...
Bentu??-Ferrer Dani??le - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Atazanavir (ATV) is a potent and safe protease inhibitor (PI) initially approved in adult HIV-1 infected patients in combination with other antiretroviral drugs with once daily administration. In combination with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and boosted with ritonavir, it has been established as the preferred initial regimen in ...
Weeks Benjamin S - - 2009
Dietary supplements are widely used for desired effects on memory, insomnia, mood and anxiety. This review focuses on supplements which have anxiolytic or mild relaxation properties and enhance mood. For example, Kava (Piper methysticum) is reported to have anaxiolytic actions and to reduce tension through skeletal muscle relaxation. Dried passion ...
Cowley Emma E - - 2009
This article explores relevant full-text literature to reveal the effects of heel height on gait and posture and the kinetics and kinematics of the foot, ankle, knee, hip, and spine. Furthermore, special attention will be given to the implications of increased heel height for clinicians treating locomotor disorders and provide ...
Laimer Martin - - 2009
Scleromyxoedema is a rare disease of unknown aetiology that is characterized by progressive cutaneous mucinosis and paraproteinaemia. A variety of systemic (e.g. gastro intestinal, neurological, pulmonary, cardiac and renal) complications may lead to significant morbidity and mortality necessitating therapeutic intervention. The latter remains challenging. Numerous treatment modalities have been reported ...
Sahakian Ara B - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Several gases are produced through enteric fermentation in the intestinal tract. Carbon dioxide, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, and methane are thought to be the most common of these. Recent evidence suggests that methane may not be inert. In this review article, we summarize the findings with methane. METHODS: This is ...
Upadya Gatha M - - 2009
Ciprofloxacin is one of the most commonly used antibacterial agents with relatively few side effects. Serious adverse reactions reported with ciprofloxacin are rare with an incidence of 0.6%. Recently we came across two rare adverse effects of ciprofloxacin, viz. toxic epidermal necrolysis and agranulocytosis. To our knowledge, a total of ...
Pollack Geoffrey - - 2009
Methylene blue has been used to help facilitate parathyroid surgery for over 30 years. Its use has been widely considered both safe and cost effective. Twenty-six cases of a toxic metabolic encephalopathy, however, have been reported with its use. As a result, some surgeons have stopped using this technique altogether. ...
Etter Jean-Fran??ois - - 2009
To assess and compare the impact on quit attempts of online computer-tailored smoking cessation counseling reports and untailored reports, we performed a randomized controlled trial on a smoking cessation website in 2007-2008. After answering a questionnaire, current and former smokers were randomly assigned to immediately receiving either an online, individually ...
Jalali Amir - - 2010
Many of the published accounts of envenomation by Hemiscorpius lepturus (H. lepturus) are in a form that makes it difficult for non Farsi readers to access. The purpose of this review is to summarise the Iranian literature on the toxinological effects of the venom of H. lepturus using both in ...
D?ckers Michel - - 2009
The aim of this systematic review was (a) to synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of detection, mitigation, and actions to reduce risks in hospitals and (b) to identify and describe components of interventions responsible for effectiveness. Thirteen literature databases were explored using a structured search and data extraction strategy. ...
Tan Eng Hooi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compile evidence from randomized controlled trials, case series, and case reports to identify the effectiveness of various therapeutic agents for the treatment and prevention of dermatologic effects secondary to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor (EGFRI) administration. DATA SOURCES: Literature was accessed through PubMed (2002-May 2009) and Scopus (2002-March ...
Poulsen S - - 2009
AIM: This was to review and update knowledge from presently available systematic reviews of clinical trials on the effect of fluoride containing gels, mouth rinses and varnishes. METHODS: The review was based on an electronic search of three data bases (PubMed 2000 to 2008, EMBASE 2000- 2009, Cochrane 2000-2008) using ...
Gish Paula - - 2009
We reviewed Food and Drug Administration postmarketing reports of central nervous system (CNS) anticholinergic effects in association with oxybutynin. Taking domestic usage by age group into account, there is a disproportionately higher number of CNS adverse event cases reported in pediatric patients as compared with adult patients. CNS stimulation was ...
Chen J Y - - 2010
In this report, we present a case of a patient with CT angiographic artifacts related to left-sided venous injection resulting in a striking pattern of enhancement simulating vascular abnormalities, which prompted additional diagnostic imaging. To our knowledge, no similar case has been reported in the published literature to date.
Popper A N - - 2009
There is increasing concern about the effects of pile driving and other anthropogenic (human-generated) sound on fishes. Although there is a growing body of reports examining this issue, little of the work is found in the peer-reviewed literature. This review critically examines both the peer-reviewed and 'grey' literature, with the ...
Fabi Sabrina Guillen - - 2009
Thalidomide is increasingly being used due to its effectiveness in the treatment of a variety of dermatologic conditions refractory to other treatments. Although thalidomide's side effects have been well-documented in the literature since its entry in the 1950s, some of the risks associated with its use are still being discovered. ...
Kohnert Kathryn - - 2009
The focus of this article is on the potential transfer or generalization of positive effects from a treated to an untreated language in bilingual or multilingual individuals with primary acquired aphasia. Twelve studies are reviewed: All were previously published in English in peer-reviewed journals. Half of these studies failed to ...
Solomon Daniel H - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteoporosis treatments will be used with increasing frequency as the population ages; however, relatively little is known about their long-term safety. Recent case reports cite a range of potential adverse events. We review data regarding atrial fibrillation, bone pain, osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), atypical fractures, and ...
Villanueva Salvador - - 2009
Saw palmetto is the most popular herbal supplement used to treat symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The safety and efficacy of saw palmetto has been established in the literature. While the majority of studies document the efficacy and safety of saw palmetto, some studies document the adverse side effects, ...
Alsamarai Susan - - 2009
Taxotere has recently been making a noticeable impact on breast, gastric, ovarian, prostate and non-small cell lung cancers. Its side effects include dyspnea, pruritus, skin rashes, fever and hypotension. The patient presented the less common, however potentially fatal, toxicity of pneumonitis. He initially presented with a flu-like illness and hypoxia ...
Botros George - - 2009
This case report shows with documented evidence that a misplaced Mirena intrauterine system in the abdominal cavity had an endocrine and contraceptive effect causing amenorrhea and infertility for 2 years and 5 months. This had been proved by a negative hysteroscopy in November 2004 and an abdominal X-ray showing the ...
Ní Chróinín Danielle - - 2009
Spider bites are an uncommon presenting complaint to Irish emergency services. We describe the case report of a patient diagnosed with a spider bite, thought due to an Australian (White-Tailed) spider unintentionally imported in a traveller's luggage. Her lesions were consistent with those caused by White-Tailed Spiders, and her clinical ...
Neill Ushma S - - 2009
Most scientists learn how to review papers by being thrown into the deep end of the pool: here's a paper, write a review. Perhaps this is not the best way to keep an enterprise afloat. But what should be included in a review? What should the tone of a review ...
Slavenburg Serena - - 2010
Combination of peginterferon and ribavirin is the current therapy for chronic hepatitis C infection (HCV). Interstitial pneumonitis is a rare side-effect of HCV therapy and is an important cause of dose reduction or discontinuation, impairing success of antiviral therapy. We performed a review of the literature in order to present ...
Peritogiannis V - - 2010
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a devastating adverse effect of long-term antipsychotic drug treatment. Atypical antipsychotics produce less TD, and it has been shown that they may have a therapeutic effect on pre-existing TD. Here, we report a case of olanzapine-induced TD which did not improve after switching to risperidone but ...
Bogris Sotirios L - - 2009
In pediatric oncology patients, hemorrhagic cystitis can be a life-threatening complication of bone marrow transplantation, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. The treatment of this condition is often challenging and includes intravesical irrigation with aluminum, embolization, endoscopic laser coagulation, hydrostatic pressure, use of hyperbaric oxygen, instillation of formalin, prostaglandins, and oral sodium ...
Chu Michael W - - 2009
Ankyloglossia, or tongue-tie, refers to an abnormally short lingual frenulum. Ankyloglossia is a recognized but poorly defined condition and has been reported to cause feeding difficulties, dysarthria, dyspnea, and social or mechanical problems. In infants, the most concerning symptoms are feeding difficulties and inability to breastfeed. While a recent trend ...
Jagdish S - - 2009
Opioids constitute an important component of analgesic regimens and in the UK military, they are used throughout the journey of the wounded soldier. Concerns have been expressed about their usefulness and potential adverse effects when they are continued beyond the acute phase into rehabilitation. The current literature regarding opiod usage ...
Gil-Gouveia R - - 2009
Lidocaine has been used in treatment of patients with refractory headache. Personal observations of neuropsychiatric toxicity in these patients led us to review our cases and the literature systematically for lidocaine side-effects, especially neuropsychiatric symptoms. In our series of 20 patients, side-effects were observed in all, the most frequent being ...
Talpur Rakhashandra - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tazarotene (Tazorac, Avage, Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) is a synthetic retinoic acid receptor- betagamma topical retinoid approved for the treatment of plaque psoriasis and acne vulgaris. OBJECTIVES: To review a decade of experience using tazarotene as a monotherapy or as combination therapy for approved and other indications: acne, ...
den Hartog Julia R - - 2009
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has increased over the past two decades. The sensitivity of serum creatinine (sCr) to identify CKD is low. As a result, many healthcare centers report estimated GFR (eGFR) with routine blood work. The aim of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of ...
Hewitt Richard Jd - - 2009
Superior semicircular canal dehiscence represents a manageable cause of sound and pressure induced vertigo. This case highlights its presentation and investigation, including a review of the literature, and the authors' surgical technique used in its successful treatment. A 45-year-old Caucasian man presented with vertigo induced by sound or pressure. Subsequent ...
Zackaria Mohamed - - 2009
We describe a case of ear candling presenting as hearing loss, and review the literature. Ear candling is considered as an alternate medical therapy for dewaxing the ears, discomfort in ears and sinuses, rhinitis, sinusitis, glue ear, colds, flu, migraines, poor or "muffled" hearing, high stress, and ringing in the ...
Ramot Yuval - - 2009
Finasteride (1 mg/day) is widely utilized by dermatologists for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia. Although enjoying a relatively good safety profile, several sex-related adverse effects have been reported with this drug. Here we report two cases of gynecomastia, one of them bilateral, caused by Propecia((R)) prescribed for the treatment of ...
Lavonas Eric J - - 2009
In 2000, the United States Food and Drug Administration approved Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab (Ovine) (hereafter, FabAV), "for the management of patients with minimal to moderate North American Crotalid envenomation." Because whole-IgG pit viper antivenom is no longer available in the United States, FabAV is currently the only specific treatment ...
Tottenham Nim N University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA, - - 2009
A review of the human developmental neuroimaging literature that investigates outcomes following exposure to psychosocial adversity is presented with a focus on two subcortical structures - the hippocampus and the amygdala. Throughout this review, we discuss how a consideration of developmental timing of adverse experiences and age at measurement might ...
Singla Sanjeev - - 2009
We report a case of 62-year-old female, who developed port site metastasis one year after undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for calculous cholecystitis. This is only second such report in Indian literature.
Erdemir Fikret - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem affecting middle-aged and elderly men. First-line medical therapy includes alpha 1blockers and 5alpha-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs), such as finasteride and dutasteride. 5ARI use has been associated with adverse sexual outcomes, including erectile dysfunction (ED), ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD), and decreased libido. AIM: To ...
Al-Harbi Talal M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Finasteride is an antiandrogen, inhibits type II 5-alpha reductase (enzyme that converts testosterone to more potent form dihydrotestosterone), and is commonly used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and male frontal baldness; however, it is not free from side effects, which include sexual dysfunction and, rarely, myopathy. We ...
Elbe Dean - - 2008
To review published literature regarding ziprasidone in child and adolescent psychiatry. A literature review was conducted using the medline search term: 'ziprasidone' with limits: Human trials, English language, All Child (Age 0-18). Additional articles were identified from reference information and poster presentation data. Two randomized controlled trials and five prospective ...
Ghosh Bhaswati - - 2009
Use of levonorgestrel as emergency contraception is a safe and effective measure to prevent unwanted pregnancy. However, ectopic gestation in case of failure is a known risk. Access to levonorgestrel without a prescription in many countries has made it impossible to estimate the exact incidence of this potential adverse event. ...
Aytekin Vedat - - 2008
Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been proven to be effective in reducing restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventions, but they are associated with a risk of late thrombotic occlusion with adverse clinical events. We report a case of an angiographically confirmed paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) thrombosis which occurred 36 months after successful stent ...
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