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Sunderland Geraint - - 2013
Gamma knife surgery (GKS) is a well-established modality for controlling the progression of vestibular schwannomas. Adverse effects of this treatment are extremely rare but include cyst formation and malignant transformation. We report a case of anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) pseudoaneurysm development rupture presenting as a poor WFNS grade subarachnoid ...
Chandler Jackie - - 2013
This year, The Cochrane Collaboration reached its 20th anniversary. It has played a pivotal role in the scientific development of systematic reviewing and in the development of review methods to synthesize research evidence, primarily from randomized trials, to answer questions about the effects of healthcare interventions. We introduce a series ...
Shemilt Ian - - 2013
Methods for systematic reviews of the effects of health interventions have focused mainly on addressing the question of 'What works?' or 'Is this intervention effective in achieving one or more specific outcomes?' Addressing the question 'Is it worth it given the resources available?' has received less attention. This latter question ...
Van Eenennaam Alison L - - 2013
This article reviews the literature on breed, biological type, and breeding system and their impact on female fertility, especially as they relate to heifer development. The attributes of different breeding systems and their appropriate use is discussed. In addition, the extant and emerging selection tools that are available for replacement ...
Sturniolo Gia - - 2013
The authors reviewed their own case histories of surgical thyreopathy over the last 20 years in order to establish how many multinodular goitre (MNG) patients developed hyperthyroidism during the follow-up period. In agreement with the findings reported in literature, the authors observed that 220 out of 1117 patients with MNG ...
de Vries Jan - - 2013
Markers are important tools to assess the nutrition status and effects of nutrition interventions. There is currently insufficient consensus in nutrition sciences on how to evaluate markers, despite the need for properly evaluating them. To identify the criteria for the evaluation of markers related to nutrition, health and disease and ...
Squires Janet E - - 2013
The first and most important decision in preparing any systematic review is to clearly frame the question the review team seeks to answer. However, this is not always straightforward, particularly if synthesis teams are interested in the effects of complex interventions. In this article, we discuss how to formulate good ...
Wallis A - - 2013
To review the development of a workplace-based assessment tool to assess the quality of written radiology reports and assess its reliability, feasibility, and validity. A comprehensive literature review and rigorous Delphi study enabled the development of the Bristol Radiology Report Assessment Tool (BRRAT), which consists of 19 questions and a ...
McLellan J - - 2013
Sesamoiditis is believed to be associated with injury to the suspensory branch attachment and is a common radiographic finding in Yearling Thoroughbreds. No study has investigated relationships between Yearling sesamoiditis and the subsequent development of suspensory ligament branch injury (SLBI) in early racehorse training. To establish the prevalence of SLBI ...
Mishra Kirtisudha - - 2013
Neonaticide is known to occur across the globe in both developed and developing countries, but has rarely been reported from India. Two similar cases of female neonaticide are presented which were committed by their mothers while in the maternity ward. The social issues and maternal provocation highlighted in this report ...
Molica Stefano - - 2013
Abstract We read with interest the paper by Rosenquist et al (1) dealing with a review of extensive published literature in the field of prognostic markers in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In this paper authors also wondered whether some of more mature biomarkers are ready for being incorporated into prognostic ...
Carugo Oliviero - - 2013
On the occasion of their fiftieth birthday, it is opportune to review the first half century of Ramachandran plots. In the present review, some of the most relevant aspects of this fifty-year history are summarized, from the original ideas of Gopalasamudram Narayana Ramachandran to subsequent revisions and to applications in ...
Danz Margie Sherwood - - 2013
Achieving quality improvement (QI) aims often requires local innovation. Without objective evidence review, innovators may miss previously tested approaches, rely on biased information, or use personal preferences in designing and implementing local QI programmes. To develop a practical, responsive approach to evidence review for QI innovations aimed at both achieving ...
Sakai Tatsuo - - 2013
The microcirculation is a major topic in current physiology textbooks and is frequently explained with schematics including the precapillary sphincters and metarterioles. We re-evaluated the validity and applicability of the concepts precapillary sphincters and metarterioles by reviewing the historical context in which they were developed in physiology textbooks. The studies ...
Foster Margaret J - - 2013
Standards for evaluating evidence-based medicine (EBM) point-of-care (POC) summaries of research are lacking. The authors developed a "Critical Appraisal for Summaries of Evidence" (CASE) worksheet to help assess the evidence in these tools. The authors then evaluated the reliability of the worksheet. The CASE worksheet was developed with 10 questions ...
Tarpomanov Yordan D - - 2013
Apical periodontitis in permanent children's teeth with incomplete root development is a challenge for endodontists to treat. It is important that highly efficient therapeutic methods and biologically valuable therapies be developed to prevent the loss of these teeth. The AIM of the study was to review modern literature on revascularization ...
Kumar Narender N Department of Hematology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh, - - 2013
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are two different and common hematological neoplasms. Their coexistence is rare, especially CLL developing in a patient of CML. Till date, only a few cases are reported and all had chronic myeloid leukemia - chronic phase earlier. We report the first ...
Hendizadeh Leenoy - - 2013
We describe the rare case of a nine year-old girl with a several month history of mouth breathing and nasal obstruction due to a rudimentary tragus in the nasopharynx. We focus on the accessory tragus and its origins by describing the embryologic development of the external ear. Based on our ...
Bader-Meunier Brigitte - - 2013
RASopathies (Noonan syndrome (NS) and Noonan-related syndromes) are neurodevelopmental syndromes resulting from germline mutations in genes that participate in the rat sarcoma/mitogen-activated protein kinases (RAS/MAPK) pathway (PTPN11, SOS1, RAF, KRAS or NRAS, and SHOC2). Some monogenic conditions are associated with the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and a few ...
Mašán Peter - - 2013
Proctolaelaps euserratus Karg, 1994 (Acari, Mesostigmata, Melicharidae), exclusivelly known from the Galápagos Islands till now, is newly reported from decaying matter of animal and human decomposition in various countries of Europe (Slovakia, Spain, United Kingdom). In consequence of high levels of necrophilia, the species is considered to be ecologically unusual ...
Perrier Laure - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews provide evidence for clinical questions, however the literature suggests they are not used regularly by physicians for decision-making. A shortened systematic review format is proposed as one possible solution to address barriers, such as lack of time, experienced by busy clinicians. The purpose of this paper is ...
Haber Jordana J - - 2013
Recurrent intussusception is defined as an occurrence of intussusception of a bowel loop in a patient with a prior resolution of intussusception, either spontaneously or with an intervention. It is not rare to develop a subsequent episode after a successful reduction of intussusception. We report the cases of 2 children ...
Benito José - - 2013
We document a rare and not-yet-reported condition after supracricoid partial laryngectomy: the development of descending mediastinitis with mediastinal abscess. We present a case in which early diagnosis and team management allowed for a successful outcome. The pathophysiology of this severe complication, as well as its diagnosis, management, and prevention, is ...
McMullin Ailbhe A University of Manchester Dental Hospital, Manchester M23 - - 2013
The aim of this second article of the three part series is to sum up the current developments in lingual orthodontics. This article attempts to review the development, advantages and disadvantages, bonding techniques, bracket mechanics, patient factors and types of lingual appliance systems available. In addition, the article shows examples ...
Pepper Michael A - - 2013
Abstract Ventral wall defects are extremely rare anomalies that are likely caused by the failure of lateral body folds during week four of development. We report a case of severe thoracoabdominal wall defect including complete thoracic ectopia cordis and gastroschisis. This combination represents a novel constellation of findings in a ...
Al-Qattan Mohammad M MM Division of Plastic Surgery at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2013
Current concepts in the steps of upper limb development and the way the limb is patterned along its 3 spatial axes are reviewed. Finally, the embryogenesis of various congenital hand anomalies is delineated with an emphasis on the pathogenetic basis for each anomaly.
Tang Hao-Wei - - 2013
Very few cases of mosaic trisomy 13 combined with a monosomy X have been reported. It can be assumed that most likely the zygote was 47,XX,+13 and 2 chromosomes (13 and X) were lost simultaneously during an early postzygotic division. Here, we reported a 3-year-old girl with mosaicism of trisomy ...
Zhang G - - 2013
Congenital intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia with omphalocele is very rare. Few cases have been reported in the literature. The embryologic mechanism of this is considered to be abnormal development of the ventral mesoderm at 3-4 weeks after conception. Sometimes, omphalocele is repaired, rather than intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia, thus causing serious consequences because ...
Hutson John M - - 2013
The first half of this review examines the boundary between endocrinology and embryonic development with the aim of highlighting the way hormones and signalling systems regulate the complex morphological changes to enable the intraabdominal fetal testes to reach the scrotum. The genitofemoral ligament, or gubernaculum first enlarges to hold the ...
Kapusuz Zeliha - - 2013
Pseudomeningocele is a cerebrospinal fluid collection in an extradural area after meningeal tear. The etiology of pseudomeningocele development is iatrogenic or traumatic in most cases. In this study, we report a case of the postsurgical pseudomeningocele presenting as a cystic mass in the external auditory canal and complete sensorineural hearing ...
Marin J - - 2013
Study design:A systematic review was undertaken, based upon methods recommended for effectiveness questions but adapted to identify observational risk factor (RF) studies.Objectives:The literature identifies many RFs for pressure ulcer (PU) recurrence and development; however, RFs independently predictive of PU development in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) have not been ...
Hu Shi - - 2013
Ultrathin nanostructures possess the very essential features of nanomaterials, including quantum-confinement effects and unconventional reactivities, which are determined by the significant structure variations from the bulk material. More and more isolated reports on ultrathin nanostructures and various new phenomena have appeared in recent years but a comprehensive review on their ...
Kim Gene H GH Department of Dermatology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. - - 2013
Vemurafenib is an inhibitor of BRAF and is used to treat patients with metastatic melanoma who carry a V600E BRAF mutation. Recently, four patients have been described in the literature who developed a neutrophilic panniculitis following treatment with a BRAF inhibitor. We present an additional case and review the clinical ...
Som P M - - 2013
SUMMARY:Parts 1 and 2 of this review discussed the complex morphogenesis of the face. However, the molecular processes that drive the morphology of the face were not addressed. Part 3 of this review will present an overview of the genes and their products that have been implicated in the developing ...
Swarts J Douglas - - 2013
Objective This report reviews the literature to identify the advances in our understanding of the middle ear (ME)-Eustachian tube (ET) system during the past 4 years and, on that basis, to determine whether the short-term goals elaborated in the last report were achieved and propose updated goals to guide future ...
Mathuram Alice - - 2013
Salmonella enterica serovar typhi (Salmonella typhi) causing typhoid fever is common in many parts of the world particularly in developing countries. Extra-intestinal manifestations such as osteomyelitis are rare in immunocompetent individuals. We report a case of Salmonella typhi osteomyelitis of a rib with overlying abscess mimicking a 'cold abscess', treatment ...
Ladda R - - 2013
Ectodermal dysplasias are rare hereditary disorders characterized by abnormal development of certain tissues and structures of ectodermal origin. The condition is important for dentists as it affects teeth resulting in hypodontia or anodontia and dentist plays an important role in rehabilitation of the patient. Affected young children with anodontia not ...
Abdelgadir Dalal - - 2013
Mosaic trisomy 22 is known to be compatible with life. However, there are fewer than 20 reports in the literature of live born children and even fewer reports describing their neurodevelopmental outcome. We report on two girls with mosaic trisomy 22 and normal development at ages 7 and 5 years. ...
Yu J L - - 2013
Pseudoaneurysms developing around the foot and ankle are known to be an uncommon complication following surgery. We present a case of a pseudoaneurysm following ankle surgery for a tibial plafond fracture and comprehensively review the literature with emphasis on their anatomic location, aetiology and treatment options.
Subran Benjamin - - 2013
Melioidosis is an endemic disease in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. It habitually affects immune-depressed hosts and may have a wide range of clinical manifestations. The use of positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) has not been described previously for this disease. We report the case of a European traveler without ...
Som P M - - 2013
SUMMARY:The later embryogenesis of the fetal face and the alteration in the facial structure from birth to adulthood have been reviewed. Part 3 of the review will address the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for the changes described in parts 1 and 2.
Johnson Justin M - - 2013
The authors present the case of a 37-year-old man who developed a psychotic manic episode and was found to have bilateral basal ganglia calcification (BGC). The authors present this case report along with a discussion of the literature on the neuropsychiatry of BGC.
Srivastava Shruti - - 2013
Dengue fever is considered to be one of the major health problems in south east Asia. In the recent past, epidemic outbreaks of Dengue have also been noticed in India. Initially, the neurological manifestations which were associated with Dengue received little attention, but now, there have been several reports of ...
Sagili Suresh - - 2013
Chronic eyelid lymphedema following neck dissection and radiotherapy is rare with 1 report in the literature. The authors report 3 cases and review the literature. Two cases had bilateral neck dissection and developed bilateral eyelid lymphedema and 1 case had unilateral neck dissection (left side) and developed ipsilateral lymphedema. Two ...
Stergiou-Kita Mary - - 2013
Purpose A systematic literature review was undertaken to gather evidence to develop a guideline for vocational evaluation following burn injuries (BI). This review aimed to identify the key processes evaluators should follow and the key factors they should consider when completing such evaluations. Methods Steps outlined in Cochrane Handbook of ...
Invergo Darbi - - 2013
Purpose: We present a case of a 4-year-old child who was incidentally found to have a suprasellar arachnoid cyst (SAC) after initial CT imaging at 6 weeks of age but who demonstrated no anomalies. This is only the sixth case of intracranial de novo ACs documented in the English literature ...
Wong Geoff - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Meta-narrative review is one of an emerging menu of new approaches to qualitative and mixed-method systematic review. A meta-narrative review seeks to illuminate a heterogeneous topic area by highlighting the contrasting and complementary ways researchers have studied the same or a similar topic. No previous publication standards exist for ...
Ross Keir A - - 2013
Objective. The goal of this study was to review the current literature on the biology of Ewing's sarcoma, including current treatments and the means by which an understanding of biological mechanisms could impact future treatments. Methods. A search of PubMed and The Cochrane Collaboration was performed. Both preclinical and clinical ...
Acharya Abhijit S - - 2013
We are reporting a case of 36 yr old female with chronic filarial lymphedema of both legs. Subsequently she developed lymphangiosarcoma of her left leg which was confirmed histologically and on immunohistochemistry. Only three more cases of lymphagiosarcoma occurring in patients with filarial lymphedema are reviewed from available literature.
Bhasin Meenakshi - - 2013
Intraoral ossifying fibromas have been described in the literature since the late 1940s. Peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is usually a fibroma of the gingival which shows areas of calcification or ossification. It is a nonneoplastic enlargement of gingiva. Due to its clinical and histopathological similarities, some POFs are believed to ...
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