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Results 451 - 500 of 761
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Smith H R - - 1999
Mefloquine is a relatively new antimalarial drug which has been associated with a wide variety of adverse effects, including skin reactions. In order to evaluate the range and frequency of mefloquine's dermatological effects, we searched the scientific literature for published case reports of such effects. We found 74 case reports, ...
Joss J D - - 1999
Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is rarely associated with permanent vision impairment; however, it is a relatively common condition that may compromise the quality of life. It may, in extreme cases, impair daily activities, including work. Numerous treatment options have become available for the relief of acute symptoms. Avoidance should always be ...
Bischof F - - 1999
We report on a patient with schizoaffective disorder who was on combination therapy of lithium, carbamazepine, and the neuroleptic trifluperidol. He experienced a lobar pneumonia and developed an acute and persistent cerebellar deterioration which was most likely due to lithium toxicity, while the serum lithium level was within the therapeutic ...
Yamanaka M - - 1999
PURPOSE: We report a case of prolonged nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) caused by the antiallergic agent epinastine. METHODS/RESULTS: We measured NPT using Rigiscan-Plus (DacoMed, Minneapolis, MN, USA) with or without the patient having taken epinastine. CONCLUSIONS: Considering its pharmacological effects on cyclic nucleotides, epinastine may have an effect on erectile ...
Hsia J Y - - 1999
Thoracoscopic sympathectomy is considered the most effective treatment for hyperhidrosis palmaris. We have treated 1,043 cases of this disease by this method. We have developed an outpatient technique of thoracoscopic sympathectomy using electrocautery. This procedure has been used in 47 patients with hyperhidrosis palmaris. The early results have been favorable. ...
Motoo Y - - 1999
Twenty-three patients with globus pharyngeus were treated with Koso-san (TJ-70) at a dose of 7.5 g/day for at least 14 days. Symptoms disappeared in 18 cases and improved in 3 cases, therefore, the effective rate was 91.3% (21/23). The symptoms disappeared on average within 13.5 days. Terasawa qi-stasis scores were ...
Lepkifker E - - 1999
Kleptomania is characterized by an irresistible impulse to steal objects not needed for personal use or for their monetary value. Several recent case reports have shown that Serotonin Specific Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) could be effective in the treatment of kleptomania just as it is in other obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. We ...
Catalano G - - 1999
Nefazodone (Serzone) is one of the newer medications developed to treat major depression. It is a phenylpiperazine derivative that inhibits the reuptake of both norepinephrine and serotonin and antagonizes the 5HT2 and alpha-one adrenergic receptors. It is well tolerated by patients, and is felt to have a much wider margin ...
Vyas N B - - 1999
Free-ranging wildlife is regularly exposed to pesticides and can serve as a sentinel for human and environmental health. Therefore a comprehensive pesticide hazard assessment must incorporate the effects of actual applications on free-ranging wildlife. Mortality is the most readily reported wildlife effect, and the significance of these data can be ...
Calabrese G - - 1999
The literature on the natural sources of resveratrol, a phytochemical substance found in grapes and wine, is reviewed herein. Its structure is similar to that of diethylstilbestrol and, like other authors, we consider that resveratrol might be a phytoestrogen. We analyzed the populations who ingest this substance, as well as ...
McKinnon B J - - 1998
Naproxen is a commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) whose side effects include tinnitus and transient hearing loss. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss has rarely been reported as a result of NSAID use. This usually occurs in patients taking other ototoxic medications, with poor renal function, or with autoimmune disease. This ...
McCann U D - - 1998
1. There is a large body of evidence indicating that fenfluramines damage brain serotonin neurons in animals. 2. Little is known about potential adverse neuropsychiatric consequences in humans associated with use of fenfluramines that could potentially be related to serotonergic dysfunction. 3. The authors now report numerous cases of severe ...
Hocking B - - 1998
Mobile phone use is ubiquitous, although the alleged health effects of low level radio-frequency radiation (RFR) used in transmission are contentious. Following isolated reports of headache-like symptoms arising in some users, a survey has been conducted to characterize the symptoms sometimes associated with mobile phone usage. A notice of interest ...
Fisher M A - - 1998
Cyanosis occurring during a transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) is usually related to the respiratory depressant effect of the administered sedative. However, acute toxic methemoglobinemia related to topical benzocaine is a rare and not well recognized but potentially life threatening cause of cyanosis during or after TEE. A case of this condition ...
Lambert M T - - 1998
1. Extrapyramidal adverse effects have been reported with the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, particularly fluoxetine and paroxetine. 2. Recently, the SSRI sertraline has also been associated with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal syndrome (EPS) side effects. A review of the literature identified thirteen published cases of sertraline-induced EPS, several of which ...
Patel A - - 1998
PURPOSE: We review modern electrosurgical treatments for removing benign prostatic tissue based on an historical perspective of medical applications of electrical energy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed historical reports and landmark observations concerning the evolution of medical applications of electrical energy in the literature, with a special focus on the ...
Bever C T CT - - 1998
Although the recently identified dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria piscicida, may have neurotoxic effects on humans, the precise nature of the neurologic symptoms associated with varying levels of exposure is unknown. Toward this end, we review the neurologic symptoms of three Pfiesteria-exposed laboratory workers reported to data and compare them to the evaluation ...
Hopf J M - - 1998
In an ERP study, German sentences were investigated that contain a case-ambiguous NP that may be assigned accusative or dative case. Sentences were disambiguated by the verb in final position of the sentence. As our data show, sentences ending in a verb that assigns dative case to the ambiguous NP ...
Richert S M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Laser resurfacing for rhytides and dermatoheliosis is becoming more popular. As more procedures are performed, new side effects and complications are reported. METHODS: We report two cases of transepidermal elimination of elastic fibers after laser resurfacing with the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser for rhytides. Both patients presented with yellow ...
Telaranta T - - 1998
Thoracoscopic sympathicotomy by electrocautery is an irreversible procedure. Thus the indications must be meticulously considered before the final decision to operate is taken by both the surgeon and the patient. All possible side effects should be dealt with and written informed consent required. A case of an open nerve reconstruction ...
Papageorgiou C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence indicates that manipulations of attention may facilitate changes in cognition and stress symptoms in emotional disorder. METHODS: The present study reports the effects of Attention Training (ATT) in a brief case series of three patients with primary hypochondriasis using an A-B-A design. RESULTS: ATT produced clinically significant ...
Catalano G - - 1998
Sertraline (Zoloft) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that is commonly used in adults in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders. Whereas it also is used to treat these illnesses in children, it is not currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in this population. Sertraline ...
Schuepbach D - - 1998
Eosinophilia has been encountered from 0.2 to 61.7% in clozapine-treated patients, mostly with a transient course and spontaneous remission. There have been few reports, however, which have investigated a challenge with clozapine in patients previously showing eosinophilia. Two case reports are presented: the first with clozapine challenge after eosinophilia, the ...
Goel A - - 1997
Three cases of large and deep seated anaplastic cerebral glioma were treated by bone and dural decompression. The patients worsened suddenly within 12 h of surgery and later died. Postmortem examination revealed a large intratumoural clot in each case. The effects of decompression and the probable causes of fatal bleeding ...
Rajrut A H - - 1997
Progressive Supranuclear palsy (PSP) and multiple system atrophy (MSA) each respond poorly to most anti-parkinsonian drugs. We assessed PSP and MSA cases seen between 1970 and 1996 for response to amantadine (Amd) 100 mg twice daily. Of 13 MSA cases (six females, seven males), eight (61.5%) improved, four (30.8%) did ...
Clattenburg R N - - 1997
The development of acute neuropsychiatric symptoms in a 10-year-old boy subsequent to his return from travel abroad in Africa, where he had taken the antimalarial agent mefloquine (Lariam), is reported. A 4-week course of cognitive-behavioral therapy was used to effectively treat this substance-induced anxiety disorder, which had been caused by ...
Darvay A - - 1997
We report a case of toxic pustuloderma secondary to thalidomide in a patient with severe nodular prurigo. To our knowledge this is the first reported case. With the increasing use of thalidomide for a variety of dermatological conditions it is clearly important that this rare side-effect now be recognised.
Srinivasan R - - 1997
Kombucha tea is a health beverage made by incubating the Kombucha "mushroom" in tea and sugar. Although therapeutic benefits have been attributed to the drink, neither its beneficial effects nor adverse side effects have been reported widely in the scientific literature. Side effects probably related to consumption of Kombucha tea ...
Joelson S - - 1997
A group of 13,698 patients from 127 gastro-intestinal clinical trials, conducted in 13 countries was included in the analyses. All adverse events reported were included in the evaluation. The general adverse event reporting rate, the mean number of adverse events reported, the serious adverse event reporting rate and the mean ...
van der Woning M - - 1997
This review of the literature focuses upon the somewhat controversial question of whether relatives should be invited to witness the resuscitation of a family member. The pioneering study undertaken at the Foote Hospital, Michigan is explored, as is much of the anecdotal case study material available. The review focuses around ...
Paugam A - - 1997
We report the case of a 26-year-old Malian patient who presented with mycetoma of the foot and frank bone involvement caused by Madurella mycetomatis. Long-term itraconazole therapy was clinically effective and well tolerated.
Reynvoet M E - - 1997
We report a case where two consecutive blood patches failed to relieve postdural puncture headache and hearing loss following inadvertent dural puncture. Initial conservative therapy with analgesics, fluids and later two blood patches had no effect and the patient's symptoms only resolved after an epidural dextran 40 patch performed 8 ...
Chen R - - 1997
Forty-two cases of apoplectic hemiplegia treated by digital acupoint pressure (DAP) therapy are briefly reported in this paper. This results were: basic cure in 10 cases (23.8%), marked effect in 17 cases (40.5%) and effect in 11 cases (26.2%). The total effective rate reached 90.5%. This therapy has several advantages, ...
Vandel P - - 1997
Two cases of tricyclic antidepressant-related extrapyramidal side effects are reported and, the authors review the literature describing these effects. Despite clear case reports, these side effects are not well known. Given the wide prescription of tricyclic antidepressants (TCA) and the low number of case reports, the prevalence of these side ...
Teoh T G - - 1997
AIM: The aim of this study was to find out the effect of learning curve on the outcome of external cephalic version (ECV) at term, using tocolytics. The effect of various factors affecting the outcome of ECV was also studied in relation to the learning curve. METHODS: This is a ...
Hermans C - - 1997
Pericarditis is a rare side effect of chemotherapy. We report here the case of a patient treated with high-dose cytosine arabinoside (HD ara-c) who developed severe pericarditis. Interruption of HD ara-c and initiation of corticosteroid treatment were effective in resolving the pericardial effusion. This case illustrates this rare but potentially ...
Hatake K - - 1997
Several adverse effects have been reported to occur after clinical application of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Except for severe side effects including retinoic acid syndrome, the mechanism of action of RA on adverse effects remains unclear. Here we describe some rare adverse effects and their ...
Dowlati B - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Granuloma faciale is a rare disorder characterized by asymptomatic papules, nodules, and plaques on the face. Although the exact pathogenesis of this disease in unclear, it is considered a variant of leukocytoclastic vasculitis confined to the skin. Several medical and surgical methods have been used to treat it with ...
Sipahimalani A - - 1997
Traditionally, high-potency neuroleptics such as haloperidol have been used with success in the treatment of organic brain syndromes, but they have been associated with significant side effects such as EPS. We present the first case reports of a newer antipsychotic, risperidone, in the treatment of two delirious patients. Risperidone may ...
Lobo B L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature that compares zolpidem with triazolam, with an emphasis on efficacy and safety in humans. DATA SOURCES: Information was retrieved from a MEDLINE search (1983-1996) of the English-language literature using the terms triazolam and zolpidem. STUDY SELECTION: Reports of clinical trials comparing the safety and efficacy ...
Savica V - - 1997
Several authors have supplemented patients submitted to the hemodialytic treatment with L-carnitine, with the aim to affect the lipid profile often unfavourably altered in these patients. Different doses of the compound have been employed and the outcome in plasma lipid changes is very dissimilar. Some authors have reported favourable changes, ...
Cohen R S - - 1997
1. The recurring side-effects associated with MDMA consumption are reviewed. 2. The recreational use of "Ecstasy" has been implicated in the onset of various psychological, neurological, and organic complications. A table has been employed to depict the deleterious reactions that have occurred following MDMA ingestion. 3. An original case report ...
RuDusky B M - - 1997
The effective use of quinidine as an antiarrhythmic agent is frequently curtailed by one of its most common side effects-relentless diarrhea. Seven patients are described in whom diarrhea was quickly and completely controlled by the use of cholestyramine resin. To date, this is the only therapy reported to be effective ...
Flanagan F L - - 1996
A case of radiation nephritis was diagnosed by the effect of delayed excretion of 99Tcm MDP on the superomedial aspects of both kidneys, which had been included in a radiation port to the thoracolumbar spine 6 months previously. Knowledge of the past history of radiotherapy and the radiation port, together ...
Marteau P - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The incidence of the side-effects of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) in clinical practice is not known. AIM: To present the safety reports on the use of Pentasa in France. METHODS: Pentasa-related adverse events were recorded from 1 January 1993 to 31 December 1994. Spontaneous reports to Ferring S.A. came from ...
Vittecoq O - - 1996
Fibroblastic rheumatism (FR) is a rare disease characterized by joint manifestations without joint destruction, and associated with cutaneous nodules and sclerodactyly. The diagnosis is usually based on histologic examination of a skin nodule or synovium specimen. In the 11 previously reported cases, corticosteroid treatment, which has been widely used, was ...
Goldstein E J - - 1996
The currently available fluoroquinolones have modest activity against anaerobes. Newer fluoroquinolones with increased in vitro activity against anaerobes are under development and include levofloxacin, clinafloxacin, sparfloxacin, trovafloxacin, grepafloxacin, and DU-6859a. Side effects of the quinolones have varied according to the specific compounds and include central nervous system stimulation, gastrointestinal disturbances, ...
Aelbers C M - - 1996
The purpose of this review is to investigate the orthopedic effect of functional appliances such as activators and Herbst appliances, and the orthopedic effect of extraoral traction appliances. A systematic review of mostly English-language orthodontic articles reporting treatment of Class II malocclusions with different orthopedic appliances was carried out. According ...
Robson W L - - 1996
Treatment of nocturnal enuresis with DDAVP is associated with a low incidence of adverse effects. The only reported serious adverse effect is seizure or altered level of consciousness due to water intoxication. We reviewed 14 articles that reported data on serum sodium in patients treated with DDAVP for nocturnal enuresis ...
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