Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 825
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Housman Tamara S - - 2002
Imiquimod is an immunomodulator with indirect antiproliferative and antiviral properties known to be effective against anogenital warts. However, its use for common warts has not been validated in prospective, controlled trials. We present 3 anecdotal case reports illustrating one treatment approach for a spectrum of resistant, common warts with combination ...
Fuller S J - - 2002
Mefloquine is an important antimalarial drug for treatment and prophylaxis of chloroquine-resistant malaria. Its use has been associated with neuropsychiatric side-effects. We report a case of paranoid psychosis associated with mefloquine occurring in a remote part of Papua New Guinea. Adverse reactions and contraindications are discussed. This case underlines the ...
Soy M - - 2002
Zafirlukast is a leukotriene inhibitor that has recently been approved for the prophylaxis of asthma. Although this new product has been well accepted because of its convenient dosing and relatively few side effects, several cases of Churg-Strauss syndrome have been reported to be associated with its use. In this paper ...
Matsumoto Isao - - 2002
Although there are various treatments for postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), none produces definitive effects. We report a case of 72-year-old woman who developed intractable PHN of the chest in which treatment with endoscopic transthoracic sympathicotomy (ETS) produced long-term effective results. When hyperesthesia of the sympathetic nerve participates in PHN, the blocking ...
Lane Joshua E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pearly penile papules are angiofibromas found on the corona and sulcus of the glans penis. While these represent a benign condition, psychological and cosmetic concerns often prompt patients to seek therapeutic removal of these lesions. Multiple therapeutic modalities have been reported; however, use of CO2 laser has proven to ...
Stankiewicz N R - - 2002
A ferrule is a metal ring or cap used to strengthen the end of a stick or tube. It has been proposed that the use of a ferrule as part of the core or artificial crown may be of benefit in reinforcing root-filled teeth. A review of the literature investigating ...
Hu Qiyue - - 2002
A critical issue in transfection or co-transfection experiments is to define the appropriate controls. In most cases, a corresponding empty vector is used as one control. We report a paradoxical effect of empty mammalian expression vectors on different reporters. We have found that different empty vectors can inhibit or stimulate ...
Parkin Simon G - - 2002
Lesioning of the internal pallidum is known to improve the symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and alleviate dyskinesia and motor fluctuations related to levodopa therapy. The benefit obtained contralateral to a single lesion is insufficient in some cases when symptoms are bilaterally disabling. However, reports of unacceptably high rates ...
de Haas Y - - 2002
Data from 274 Dutch herds recording clinical mastitis (CM) over an 18-mo period were used to investigate the effect of pathogen-specific CM on the lactation curve for somatic cell count (SCC). Analyzed pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Streptococcus uberis, other streptococci, and the culture-negative samples. ...
Llorca Pierre-Michel - - 2002
Currently, tardive dyskinesia (TD) remains an important clinical problem. The average prevalence is estimated at 30%. The appearance of antipsychotics has opened new paths. The extrapyramidal profile of these molecules is more favorable than that of conventional neuroleptics. In order to assess their prophylactic as well as curative potential, we ...
Miller Lisa J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate literature that discusses the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) with agents that involve the neurotransmitter serotonin. DATA SOURCES: Biomedical literature accessed through MEDLINE (1966-August 2001) and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts. DATA SYNTHESIS: The cause and pathophysiology of FMS remain elusive, although abnormalities in the serotonin pathway have been ...
Safar H A - - 2002
We report a case of ischemia limited to the upper limb caused by chronic use of ergotamine. The effect of this drug was not related to hypersensitivity or to the potentiating effects of other medications. The patient was successfully treated discontinuing ergotamine and administering an alpha-blocking agent for three months. ...
Rodríguez-Hurtado Francisco J - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report a Takayasu's arteritis (TA) case with an intense ocular involvement and the response to monthly bolus of Cyclophosphamide. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: Cyclophosphamide was useful to improve the TA symptoms without any additional treatment and any secondary effects. When this therapy was discontinued the ...
Moser Tammy L - - 2002
What is angiostatin? In 1994, Folkman and colleagues published a landmark paper describing anti-tumor effects in mice with a purified fragment of plasminogen they named angiostatin (1). Although many papers have been published describing activities of cryptic polypeptides derived from plasminogen fragments, this was the first report which associated plasminogen ...
Fatovich Daniel M - - 2002
Snake bite envenomation typically requires treatment with effective first aid and antivenom. There is a spectrum of envenomation seen, which includes mild envenomation, but this has not been reported previously. We report two cases of mild envenomation and describe the changes in laboratory coagulation values. The patients had a benign ...
Mayer M S - - 2002
Males discriminate between the single most important individual component of the sex pheromone of the female cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Hübner), (Z)-7-dodecenyl acetate (Z7-12:Ac), and a mixture containing Z7-12:Ac and the other five putative components. The manifestation of discrimination is not an enhancement of captures by the mixture, rather, it ...
Friedman Ilyse S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Minocycline-induced hyperpigmentation (MIH) is a benign condition that may persist for years despite abrogation of therapy. The Q-switched ruby laser (QSRL) has been successful in removing such lesions from the skin. To date there is no documentation of QSRL or any laser being used to treat lingual hyperpigmentation associated ...
Schweigert Michael - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current literature supporting a relationship between hand-arm vibration (HAV) and lower extremity clinical effects. METHODS: An initial review of the literature identified lower extremity vascular and neurological effects reported in association with HAV. A second literature review was performed with explicit search and evaluation strategies. It ...
Raphael Kalani - - 2002
The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is a rare but serious adverse effect of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Although many case reports describe this association, few report the effect of rechallenge with another SSRI. We present a case of an elderly patient who developed hyponatremia with ...
Fisher Alexander - - 2002
Numerous case reports of hyponatraemia followed increasing use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) but this adverse effect was only rarely observed in relation to citalopram. We report a case of severe hyponatraemia associated with deep coma, seizure, atrial fibrillation and muscle damage in a 92-year-old woman after only two ...
Smith Amanda G. - - 2001
Topiramate is a medication introduced in the United States in 1997 for the treatment of epilepsy. Studies are currently underway to determine its effectiveness in the treatment of multiple conditions including bipolar disorder. It is generally well tolerated at doses commonly used in the clinical setting, however, there is little ...
Mann R E - - 2001
In this review evidence on the impact of introducing or lowering legal blood alcohol limits on traffic safety measures is examined. There is substantial variability in the types and rigour of methods used to evaluate these legislative measures, and thus not surprisingly there is variability in the results observed. In ...
Scheinost M E - - 2001
Herbal dietary supplements are often considered by patients to be safe and free from side effects. The case described here shows digoxin toxicity in a patient taking a dietary supplement not normally considered to contain digoxin. In addition to highlighting the risks of herbal supplements, this case also demonstrates the ...
Keltner N L - - 2001
TOPIC: The nature vs. nurture argument as it pertains to two brothers. PURPOSE: To explore the synergistic effects of heritability and environment in the cases of two brothers with schizophrenia. SOURCES: Review of the literature and the authors' clinical experience. CONCLUSIONS: The nature vs. nurture dichotomy may not be as ...
Schöls L - - 2001
Friedreich ataxia (FA), the most common form of degenerative ataxia, is thought to be caused by respiratory deficiency due to mitochondrial iron accumulation and oxidative stress. Idebenone, a free-radical scavenger, protects mitochondrial function in in vitro models of FA. In a placebo-controlled crossover trial we studied the effect of idebenone ...
Kim S Y - - 2001
We investigate the effect of asymmetry of coupling on the bifurcation mechanism for the loss of synchronous chaos in coupled systems. It is found that only when the symmetry-breaking pitchfork bifurcations take part in the process of the synchronization loss for the case of symmetric coupling, the asymmetry changes the ...
Segarra-Newnham M - - 2001
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a subacute demyelinating illness caused by the JC virus, a polyomavirus that occurs in 4-5% of HIV-positive patients. Mortality is high, and no useful therapy has been identified. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has been reported to be effective in halting progression of the disease ...
Skaehill P A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the data surrounding the use of tacrolimus for skin disorders. DATA SOURCES: Articles were obtained through a MEDLINE search of English-language literature (1990-May 2000); references of the retrieved publications were further reviewed for relevant literature. STUDY SELECTION: Orginal studies in humans regarding the use of tacrolimus for ...
Elasmar S A - - 2001
Hand-foot syndrome (HFS) is a relatively common side effect of fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy that has also been associated with the oral fluoropyrimidine capecitabine. Interestingly, HFS is virtually unknown to result from treatment with UFT, a combination of tegafur and uracil. Tegafur is a prodrug of 5-FU and is a component ...
Jolles S - - 2001
High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (hdIVIg) is being used increasingly for dermatological indications. Its mode of action is via a number of proposed mechanisms and it is not associated with the many side-effects of steroids and other immunosuppressive agents. The evidence for using hdIVIg in the treatment of autoimmune bullous disorders is ...
Creary X - - 2001
A series of tosylhydrazone derivatives of exo-6-substituted bicylo[2.2.2]octan-2-ones have been prepared. Thermal decomposition of the sodium salts of these tosylhydrazones gives carbene-derived products from 1,3-migration of either the C6 hydrogen (perturbed) or the C7 hydrogen (unperturbed), along with smaller amounts of alkenes derived from 1,2-hydrogen migration. The exo-6-substituent strongly activates ...
Vandenbroucke J P - - 2001
Case reports and case series have their own role in the progress of medical science. They permit discovery of new diseases and unexpected effects (adverse or beneficial) as well as the study of mechanisms, and they play an important role in medical education. Case reports and series have a high ...
Rabasa-Lhoret R - - 2001
Fibrates are widely prescribed as hypolipidemic drugs and are considered as safe. We report the case of a 69 year-old woman who probably developed a major allergic reaction following a Fenofibrate prescription (generic form) of 300 mg per day. Clinical features included asthenia, hyperthermia (40.5 degrees C) and slight muscular ...
Mitropoulos F A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of trovafloxacin-associated leukopenia, which occurred in a trauma patient shortly after administration and resolved following discontinuation of the drug. CASE SUMMARY: A 79-year-old white man was admitted to Yale New Haven Hospital after sustaining partial amputation of his right lower leg by an industrial lawn ...
Wallenstein E J EJ Janssen Research Foundation, Titusville, New Jersey 08560-0200, - - 2001
Determine whether recent US adverse event reports for several non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) conform to the temporal pattern observed by Dr JCP Weber in the UK in the early 1980s, i.e. a rising count in the first few years after launch presumably reflecting increased exposure, followed by a decline, presumably ...
Matthews J M - - 2000
Commonly used muscle relaxants may have serious side effects when used in critically ill patients. This case report relates some of these side effects and reviews the mechanisms by which they are thought to occur.
Harker H E HE Department of Anesthesia, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5225, - - 2000
A high blood magnesium level is a rare but life-threatening event. This case report describes an accidental overdose of magnesium that occurred in an 18-month-old girl during a routine operation. The effects of high magnesium levels and its treatment are explained in detail.
Waldinger M D MD Department of Psychiatry and Neurosexology, Leyenburg Hospital, Leyweg 275, 2545 CH, The Hague, The Netherlands. - - 2000
To evaluate the effect of mirtazapine on the severity of hot flushes and bouts of perspiration in women. In two women with depression a reduction in hot flushes was noticed by serendipity during treatment with mirtazapine 15-30 mg/daily. On the basis of this observation clinical studies were extended with two ...
Kilminster S M - - 2000
CONTEXT: Clinical supervision has a vital role in postgraduate and, to some extent, undergraduate medical education. However it is probably the least investigated, discussed and developed aspect of clinical education. This large-scale, interdisciplinary review of literature addressing supervision is the first from a medical education perspective. PURPOSE: To review the ...
Kawaguchi M - - 2000
We report a case of subcorneal pustular dermatosis (SPD) treated with tacalcitol (1alpha,24-Dihydroxyvitamin D3) ointment. A 77-year-old male had had asymptomatic, superficial, grouped pustules in annular patterns with mild background erythema for six years which affected his axillae and bilateral groin. A diagnosis of SPD was made. Topical vitamin D3 ...
Aubry J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Risperidone and olanzapine are atypical antipsychotics that are now widely used in clinical practice. METHOD: A MEDLINE search (1966-1999) showed that, following the introduction of these agents in recent years, 26 cases of induced hypomanic and manic syndromes have been reported during standard olanzapine (N = 10) or risperidone ...
Leung W C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to explore the effects of the new 1996 guidance requiring explicit demonstration of competencies on the nature of successful MFPHM Part II reports, how successful candidates claimed competency areas in their two reports and the effects of the subject areas of the report ...
Namisato M - - 2000
A male born in 1935 was diagnosed as having lepromatous leprosy when he was 17 years old. In addition to dapsone (DDS) monotherapy, he had been treated with rifampin (RMP) for 2 terms: first with 450 mg a day for 2 years when he was 39 years old; second with ...
Beale Mark D. - - 2000
As we become more experienced with the long-term use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), more subtle side-effects may become evident. Clinicians may be aware of yawning as a side-effect of antidepressant therapy, however sparse literature exists on the topic. We present two cases in which excessive daytime yawning was ...
Uchiumi M - - 2000
Zolpidem (ZLP), which has selective affinity to the BZ1 (omega 1) receptor and a short half-life, is a novel hypnotic. The objective of this study is to compare the residual effects of standard clinical doses of ZLP and zopiclone (ZPC), a short-acting hypnotic marginally selective for the BZ1 (omega 1) ...
Finnerty J J - - 2000
This review of ethical theories with application to two difficult obstetric cases will allow the practicing obstetrician and gynecologist to use these theories to help resolve difficult ethical dilemmas. In the first case a pregnant human immunodeficiency virus-infected woman refuses to take triple preventive therapy, with potential fetal harm. In ...
Peñarrocha-Diago M - - 2000
A series of 14 cases of ophthalmologic complications after intraoral anesthesia of the posterior superior alveolar nerve is presented. The most commonly encountered symptoms were diplopia, mydriasis, palpebral ptosis, and abduction difficulties of the affected eye. In all cases, these effects occurred a few minutes after injection of the anesthetic, ...
Schmidt C W - - 2000
Our laboratory was asked to help with the rehydration of mummified human fingertips that had been removed from a recently deceased, unidentified female. Using a solution that was found in the archeological literature, we were able to successfully rehydrate dermal tissues to the extent that fingerprints could be taken. We ...
- - 2000
BACKGROUND: Intensive case management is commonly advocated for the care of the severely mentally ill, but evidence of its cost-effectiveness is lacking. AIMS: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of intensive compared with standard case management for patients with severe psychosis. METHOD: 708 patients with psychosis and a history of repeated hospital ...
Pe T - - 2000
A field trial of efficacy of local compression immobilization first-aid technique in 42 Russell's viper bite cases was studied and only 19 were envenomed. Proper immobilization was carried out in 3/13 immobilized cases. The average time of application of the pad was 1.12 hours (range 5 minutes to 7 hours) ...
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