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Results 451 - 500 of 795
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Jolles S - - 2001
High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (hdIVIg) is being used increasingly for dermatological indications. Its mode of action is via a number of proposed mechanisms and it is not associated with the many side-effects of steroids and other immunosuppressive agents. The evidence for using hdIVIg in the treatment of autoimmune bullous disorders is ...
Creary X - - 2001
A series of tosylhydrazone derivatives of exo-6-substituted bicylo[2.2.2]octan-2-ones have been prepared. Thermal decomposition of the sodium salts of these tosylhydrazones gives carbene-derived products from 1,3-migration of either the C6 hydrogen (perturbed) or the C7 hydrogen (unperturbed), along with smaller amounts of alkenes derived from 1,2-hydrogen migration. The exo-6-substituent strongly activates ...
Vandenbroucke J P - - 2001
Case reports and case series have their own role in the progress of medical science. They permit discovery of new diseases and unexpected effects (adverse or beneficial) as well as the study of mechanisms, and they play an important role in medical education. Case reports and series have a high ...
Rabasa-Lhoret R - - 2001
Fibrates are widely prescribed as hypolipidemic drugs and are considered as safe. We report the case of a 69 year-old woman who probably developed a major allergic reaction following a Fenofibrate prescription (generic form) of 300 mg per day. Clinical features included asthenia, hyperthermia (40.5 degrees C) and slight muscular ...
Mitropoulos F A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of trovafloxacin-associated leukopenia, which occurred in a trauma patient shortly after administration and resolved following discontinuation of the drug. CASE SUMMARY: A 79-year-old white man was admitted to Yale New Haven Hospital after sustaining partial amputation of his right lower leg by an industrial lawn ...
Wallenstein E J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Determine whether recent US adverse event reports for several non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) conform to the temporal pattern observed by Dr JCP Weber in the UK in the early 1980s, i.e. a rising count in the first few years after launch presumably reflecting increased exposure, followed by a decline, ...
Matthews J M - - 2000
Commonly used muscle relaxants may have serious side effects when used in critically ill patients. This case report relates some of these side effects and reviews the mechanisms by which they are thought to occur.
Harker H E HE Department of Anesthesia, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5225, - - 2000
A high blood magnesium level is a rare but life-threatening event. This case report describes an accidental overdose of magnesium that occurred in an 18-month-old girl during a routine operation. The effects of high magnesium levels and its treatment are explained in detail.
Waldinger M D MD Department of Psychiatry and Neurosexology, Leyenburg Hospital, Leyweg 275, 2545 CH, The Hague, The Netherlands. - - 2000
To evaluate the effect of mirtazapine on the severity of hot flushes and bouts of perspiration in women. In two women with depression a reduction in hot flushes was noticed by serendipity during treatment with mirtazapine 15-30 mg/daily. On the basis of this observation clinical studies were extended with two ...
Kilminster S M - - 2000
CONTEXT: Clinical supervision has a vital role in postgraduate and, to some extent, undergraduate medical education. However it is probably the least investigated, discussed and developed aspect of clinical education. This large-scale, interdisciplinary review of literature addressing supervision is the first from a medical education perspective. PURPOSE: To review the ...
Kawaguchi M - - 2000
We report a case of subcorneal pustular dermatosis (SPD) treated with tacalcitol (1alpha,24-Dihydroxyvitamin D3) ointment. A 77-year-old male had had asymptomatic, superficial, grouped pustules in annular patterns with mild background erythema for six years which affected his axillae and bilateral groin. A diagnosis of SPD was made. Topical vitamin D3 ...
Aubry J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Risperidone and olanzapine are atypical antipsychotics that are now widely used in clinical practice. METHOD: A MEDLINE search (1966-1999) showed that, following the introduction of these agents in recent years, 26 cases of induced hypomanic and manic syndromes have been reported during standard olanzapine (N = 10) or risperidone ...
Leung W C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to explore the effects of the new 1996 guidance requiring explicit demonstration of competencies on the nature of successful MFPHM Part II reports, how successful candidates claimed competency areas in their two reports and the effects of the subject areas of the report ...
Beale Mark D. - - 2000
As we become more experienced with the long-term use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), more subtle side-effects may become evident. Clinicians may be aware of yawning as a side-effect of antidepressant therapy, however sparse literature exists on the topic. We present two cases in which excessive daytime yawning was ...
Namisato M - - 2000
A male born in 1935 was diagnosed as having lepromatous leprosy when he was 17 years old. In addition to dapsone (DDS) monotherapy, he had been treated with rifampin (RMP) for 2 terms: first with 450 mg a day for 2 years when he was 39 years old; second with ...
Finnerty J J - - 2000
This review of ethical theories with application to two difficult obstetric cases will allow the practicing obstetrician and gynecologist to use these theories to help resolve difficult ethical dilemmas. In the first case a pregnant human immunodeficiency virus-infected woman refuses to take triple preventive therapy, with potential fetal harm. In ...
Uchiumi M - - 2000
Zolpidem (ZLP), which has selective affinity to the BZ1 (omega 1) receptor and a short half-life, is a novel hypnotic. The objective of this study is to compare the residual effects of standard clinical doses of ZLP and zopiclone (ZPC), a short-acting hypnotic marginally selective for the BZ1 (omega 1) ...
Peñarrocha-Diago M - - 2000
A series of 14 cases of ophthalmologic complications after intraoral anesthesia of the posterior superior alveolar nerve is presented. The most commonly encountered symptoms were diplopia, mydriasis, palpebral ptosis, and abduction difficulties of the affected eye. In all cases, these effects occurred a few minutes after injection of the anesthetic, ...
Schmidt C W - - 2000
Our laboratory was asked to help with the rehydration of mummified human fingertips that had been removed from a recently deceased, unidentified female. Using a solution that was found in the archeological literature, we were able to successfully rehydrate dermal tissues to the extent that fingerprints could be taken. We ...
Pe T - - 2000
A field trial of efficacy of local compression immobilization first-aid technique in 42 Russell's viper bite cases was studied and only 19 were envenomed. Proper immobilization was carried out in 3/13 immobilized cases. The average time of application of the pad was 1.12 hours (range 5 minutes to 7 hours) ...
- - 2000
BACKGROUND: Intensive case management is commonly advocated for the care of the severely mentally ill, but evidence of its cost-effectiveness is lacking. AIMS: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of intensive compared with standard case management for patients with severe psychosis. METHOD: 708 patients with psychosis and a history of repeated hospital ...
Williams H - - 2000
The present study was designed to monitor the use of atypical antipsychotics in adults with intellectual disability and to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of these drugs. Twenty-one patients were commenced on an atypical antipsychotic: 12 on Olanzapine and nine on Risperidone. The ICD-10 diagnoses of the subjects were mild (13 ...
Rey J - - 2000
Ophthalmologic adverse effects of bisphosphonate therapy are infrequent and of unclear pathogenesis. The most common has been anterior uveitis, of which 18 cases have been reported. Onset was within 24 to 48 hours after infusion initiation, and both eyes were affected in most patients. The outcome was favorable within a ...
Weinmeister K P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The local anesthetic lidocaine has been shown to suppress tinnitus, albeit very temporarily, when administered intravenously. Long-term suppression by local anesthetics has not been reported. Bupivacaine has not been studied. Here we report a case of prolonged (1-month) suppression of tinnitus following a peripheral nerve block performed with lidocaine ...
Rowles D M - - 1999
Amphotericin B (AmB) continues to be the mainstay of therapy for serious fungal infections, despite its relatively toxic side-effect profile. Lipid preparations of the medication have been marketed in the past few years in an attempt to reduce some of these side effects, especially nephrotoxicity. Although 6 cases of severe ...
Shad J A - - 1999
Herbal preparations are marketed as natural and safe alternatives to conventional medicines for the prevention and treatment of a variety of ailments. However, consumers may not be fully aware of their potential side effects. We report two cases of acute hepatitis after the ingestion of herbal preparations. One of the ...
Koh T H - - 1999
Maggot infestation (myiasis) can occur in the newborn baby. However, neonatal myiasis is rare, and there is no published literature on this subject. Rapid useful information on such an esoteric clinical case can be obtained by searching the Internet. Effective medical management includes complete removal of the maggots and offering ...
Brooks W G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review the role of anagrelide in the management of essential thrombocythemia. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (January 1966-August 1998) was performed using the key terms anagrelide, thrombocytosis, and essential thrombocythemia. In addition, the package insert, product monograph, and patient information pamphlets were reviewed. DATA SYNTHESIS: Recently, there has ...
Francis J D - - 1999
Desmopressin (DDAVP) may be used to augment the action of factor VIII in mild haemophilia. Its use has been associated with serious adverse effects. We report a case of a three-year-old child with a family history of haemophilia who suffered complications due to severe acute hyponatraemia following the administration of ...
Balon R - - 1999
Specific phobias are not usually treated unless they are disabling. Behavioural therapy is the treatment of choice for disabling specific phobias. Pharmacotherapy is generally not considered to be effective in specific phobias, and is therefore not used for this indication. However, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been reported to be ...
Zalsman G - - 1999
Alopecia and hair loss are rare side effects of psychotropic drugs. There are a few case reports on hair loss associated with tricyclic antidepressants and serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), but none deal specifically with paroxetine. We report on a 37-year-old female who complained of moderate hair loss during paroxetine ...
Menz H B - - 1999
Accidental falls in the older population are common and often result in serious injury. Although a number of factors have been recognized as risk factors for falling, the effect of footwear on postural stability is often overlooked. This article reviews the literature on the effect of various footwear features on ...
Smith H R - - 1999
Mefloquine is a relatively new antimalarial drug which has been associated with a wide variety of adverse effects, including skin reactions. In order to evaluate the range and frequency of mefloquine's dermatological effects, we searched the scientific literature for published case reports of such effects. We found 74 case reports, ...
Joss J D - - 1999
Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is rarely associated with permanent vision impairment; however, it is a relatively common condition that may compromise the quality of life. It may, in extreme cases, impair daily activities, including work. Numerous treatment options have become available for the relief of acute symptoms. Avoidance should always be ...
Bischof F - - 1999
We report on a patient with schizoaffective disorder who was on combination therapy of lithium, carbamazepine, and the neuroleptic trifluperidol. He experienced a lobar pneumonia and developed an acute and persistent cerebellar deterioration which was most likely due to lithium toxicity, while the serum lithium level was within the therapeutic ...
Yamanaka M - - 1999
PURPOSE: We report a case of prolonged nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) caused by the antiallergic agent epinastine. METHODS/RESULTS: We measured NPT using Rigiscan-Plus (DacoMed, Minneapolis, MN, USA) with or without the patient having taken epinastine. CONCLUSIONS: Considering its pharmacological effects on cyclic nucleotides, epinastine may have an effect on erectile ...
Hsia J Y - - 1999
Thoracoscopic sympathectomy is considered the most effective treatment for hyperhidrosis palmaris. We have treated 1,043 cases of this disease by this method. We have developed an outpatient technique of thoracoscopic sympathectomy using electrocautery. This procedure has been used in 47 patients with hyperhidrosis palmaris. The early results have been favorable. ...
Motoo Y - - 1999
Twenty-three patients with globus pharyngeus were treated with Koso-san (TJ-70) at a dose of 7.5 g/day for at least 14 days. Symptoms disappeared in 18 cases and improved in 3 cases, therefore, the effective rate was 91.3% (21/23). The symptoms disappeared on average within 13.5 days. Terasawa qi-stasis scores were ...
Lepkifker E - - 1999
Kleptomania is characterized by an irresistible impulse to steal objects not needed for personal use or for their monetary value. Several recent case reports have shown that Serotonin Specific Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) could be effective in the treatment of kleptomania just as it is in other obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. We ...
Catalano G - - 1999
Nefazodone (Serzone) is one of the newer medications developed to treat major depression. It is a phenylpiperazine derivative that inhibits the reuptake of both norepinephrine and serotonin and antagonizes the 5HT2 and alpha-one adrenergic receptors. It is well tolerated by patients, and is felt to have a much wider margin ...
Vyas N B - - 1999
Free-ranging wildlife is regularly exposed to pesticides and can serve as a sentinel for human and environmental health. Therefore a comprehensive pesticide hazard assessment must incorporate the effects of actual applications on free-ranging wildlife. Mortality is the most readily reported wildlife effect, and the significance of these data can be ...
Calabrese G - - 1999
The literature on the natural sources of resveratrol, a phytochemical substance found in grapes and wine, is reviewed herein. Its structure is similar to that of diethylstilbestrol and, like other authors, we consider that resveratrol might be a phytoestrogen. We analyzed the populations who ingest this substance, as well as ...
McKinnon B J - - 1998
Naproxen is a commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) whose side effects include tinnitus and transient hearing loss. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss has rarely been reported as a result of NSAID use. This usually occurs in patients taking other ototoxic medications, with poor renal function, or with autoimmune disease. This ...
McCann U D - - 1998
1. There is a large body of evidence indicating that fenfluramines damage brain serotonin neurons in animals. 2. Little is known about potential adverse neuropsychiatric consequences in humans associated with use of fenfluramines that could potentially be related to serotonergic dysfunction. 3. The authors now report numerous cases of severe ...
Hocking B - - 1998
Mobile phone use is ubiquitous, although the alleged health effects of low level radio-frequency radiation (RFR) used in transmission are contentious. Following isolated reports of headache-like symptoms arising in some users, a survey has been conducted to characterize the symptoms sometimes associated with mobile phone usage. A notice of interest ...
Fisher M A - - 1998
Cyanosis occurring during a transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) is usually related to the respiratory depressant effect of the administered sedative. However, acute toxic methemoglobinemia related to topical benzocaine is a rare and not well recognized but potentially life threatening cause of cyanosis during or after TEE. A case of this condition ...
Lambert M T - - 1998
1. Extrapyramidal adverse effects have been reported with the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, particularly fluoxetine and paroxetine. 2. Recently, the SSRI sertraline has also been associated with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal syndrome (EPS) side effects. A review of the literature identified thirteen published cases of sertraline-induced EPS, several of which ...
Patel A - - 1998
PURPOSE: We review modern electrosurgical treatments for removing benign prostatic tissue based on an historical perspective of medical applications of electrical energy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed historical reports and landmark observations concerning the evolution of medical applications of electrical energy in the literature, with a special focus on the ...
Bever C T CT - - 1998
Although the recently identified dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria piscicida, may have neurotoxic effects on humans, the precise nature of the neurologic symptoms associated with varying levels of exposure is unknown. Toward this end, we review the neurologic symptoms of three Pfiesteria-exposed laboratory workers reported to data and compare them to the evaluation ...
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