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Results 451 - 500 of 783
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Aubry J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Risperidone and olanzapine are atypical antipsychotics that are now widely used in clinical practice. METHOD: A MEDLINE search (1966-1999) showed that, following the introduction of these agents in recent years, 26 cases of induced hypomanic and manic syndromes have been reported during standard olanzapine (N = 10) or risperidone ...
Leung W C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to explore the effects of the new 1996 guidance requiring explicit demonstration of competencies on the nature of successful MFPHM Part II reports, how successful candidates claimed competency areas in their two reports and the effects of the subject areas of the report ...
Beale Mark D. - - 2000
As we become more experienced with the long-term use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), more subtle side-effects may become evident. Clinicians may be aware of yawning as a side-effect of antidepressant therapy, however sparse literature exists on the topic. We present two cases in which excessive daytime yawning was ...
Namisato M - - 2000
A male born in 1935 was diagnosed as having lepromatous leprosy when he was 17 years old. In addition to dapsone (DDS) monotherapy, he had been treated with rifampin (RMP) for 2 terms: first with 450 mg a day for 2 years when he was 39 years old; second with ...
Finnerty J J - - 2000
This review of ethical theories with application to two difficult obstetric cases will allow the practicing obstetrician and gynecologist to use these theories to help resolve difficult ethical dilemmas. In the first case a pregnant human immunodeficiency virus-infected woman refuses to take triple preventive therapy, with potential fetal harm. In ...
Uchiumi M - - 2000
Zolpidem (ZLP), which has selective affinity to the BZ1 (omega 1) receptor and a short half-life, is a novel hypnotic. The objective of this study is to compare the residual effects of standard clinical doses of ZLP and zopiclone (ZPC), a short-acting hypnotic marginally selective for the BZ1 (omega 1) ...
Peñarrocha-Diago M - - 2000
A series of 14 cases of ophthalmologic complications after intraoral anesthesia of the posterior superior alveolar nerve is presented. The most commonly encountered symptoms were diplopia, mydriasis, palpebral ptosis, and abduction difficulties of the affected eye. In all cases, these effects occurred a few minutes after injection of the anesthetic, ...
Schmidt C W - - 2000
Our laboratory was asked to help with the rehydration of mummified human fingertips that had been removed from a recently deceased, unidentified female. Using a solution that was found in the archeological literature, we were able to successfully rehydrate dermal tissues to the extent that fingerprints could be taken. We ...
Pe T - - 2000
A field trial of efficacy of local compression immobilization first-aid technique in 42 Russell's viper bite cases was studied and only 19 were envenomed. Proper immobilization was carried out in 3/13 immobilized cases. The average time of application of the pad was 1.12 hours (range 5 minutes to 7 hours) ...
- - 2000
BACKGROUND: Intensive case management is commonly advocated for the care of the severely mentally ill, but evidence of its cost-effectiveness is lacking. AIMS: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of intensive compared with standard case management for patients with severe psychosis. METHOD: 708 patients with psychosis and a history of repeated hospital ...
Williams H - - 2000
The present study was designed to monitor the use of atypical antipsychotics in adults with intellectual disability and to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of these drugs. Twenty-one patients were commenced on an atypical antipsychotic: 12 on Olanzapine and nine on Risperidone. The ICD-10 diagnoses of the subjects were mild (13 ...
Rey J - - 2000
Ophthalmologic adverse effects of bisphosphonate therapy are infrequent and of unclear pathogenesis. The most common has been anterior uveitis, of which 18 cases have been reported. Onset was within 24 to 48 hours after infusion initiation, and both eyes were affected in most patients. The outcome was favorable within a ...
Weinmeister K P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The local anesthetic lidocaine has been shown to suppress tinnitus, albeit very temporarily, when administered intravenously. Long-term suppression by local anesthetics has not been reported. Bupivacaine has not been studied. Here we report a case of prolonged (1-month) suppression of tinnitus following a peripheral nerve block performed with lidocaine ...
Rowles D M - - 1999
Amphotericin B (AmB) continues to be the mainstay of therapy for serious fungal infections, despite its relatively toxic side-effect profile. Lipid preparations of the medication have been marketed in the past few years in an attempt to reduce some of these side effects, especially nephrotoxicity. Although 6 cases of severe ...
Shad J A - - 1999
Herbal preparations are marketed as natural and safe alternatives to conventional medicines for the prevention and treatment of a variety of ailments. However, consumers may not be fully aware of their potential side effects. We report two cases of acute hepatitis after the ingestion of herbal preparations. One of the ...
Koh T H - - 1999
Maggot infestation (myiasis) can occur in the newborn baby. However, neonatal myiasis is rare, and there is no published literature on this subject. Rapid useful information on such an esoteric clinical case can be obtained by searching the Internet. Effective medical management includes complete removal of the maggots and offering ...
Brooks W G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review the role of anagrelide in the management of essential thrombocythemia. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (January 1966-August 1998) was performed using the key terms anagrelide, thrombocytosis, and essential thrombocythemia. In addition, the package insert, product monograph, and patient information pamphlets were reviewed. DATA SYNTHESIS: Recently, there has ...
Francis J D - - 1999
Desmopressin (DDAVP) may be used to augment the action of factor VIII in mild haemophilia. Its use has been associated with serious adverse effects. We report a case of a three-year-old child with a family history of haemophilia who suffered complications due to severe acute hyponatraemia following the administration of ...
Balon R - - 1999
Specific phobias are not usually treated unless they are disabling. Behavioural therapy is the treatment of choice for disabling specific phobias. Pharmacotherapy is generally not considered to be effective in specific phobias, and is therefore not used for this indication. However, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been reported to be ...
Zalsman G - - 1999
Alopecia and hair loss are rare side effects of psychotropic drugs. There are a few case reports on hair loss associated with tricyclic antidepressants and serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), but none deal specifically with paroxetine. We report on a 37-year-old female who complained of moderate hair loss during paroxetine ...
Menz H B - - 1999
Accidental falls in the older population are common and often result in serious injury. Although a number of factors have been recognized as risk factors for falling, the effect of footwear on postural stability is often overlooked. This article reviews the literature on the effect of various footwear features on ...
Smith H R - - 1999
Mefloquine is a relatively new antimalarial drug which has been associated with a wide variety of adverse effects, including skin reactions. In order to evaluate the range and frequency of mefloquine's dermatological effects, we searched the scientific literature for published case reports of such effects. We found 74 case reports, ...
Joss J D - - 1999
Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is rarely associated with permanent vision impairment; however, it is a relatively common condition that may compromise the quality of life. It may, in extreme cases, impair daily activities, including work. Numerous treatment options have become available for the relief of acute symptoms. Avoidance should always be ...
Bischof F - - 1999
We report on a patient with schizoaffective disorder who was on combination therapy of lithium, carbamazepine, and the neuroleptic trifluperidol. He experienced a lobar pneumonia and developed an acute and persistent cerebellar deterioration which was most likely due to lithium toxicity, while the serum lithium level was within the therapeutic ...
Yamanaka M - - 1999
PURPOSE: We report a case of prolonged nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) caused by the antiallergic agent epinastine. METHODS/RESULTS: We measured NPT using Rigiscan-Plus (DacoMed, Minneapolis, MN, USA) with or without the patient having taken epinastine. CONCLUSIONS: Considering its pharmacological effects on cyclic nucleotides, epinastine may have an effect on erectile ...
Hsia J Y - - 1999
Thoracoscopic sympathectomy is considered the most effective treatment for hyperhidrosis palmaris. We have treated 1,043 cases of this disease by this method. We have developed an outpatient technique of thoracoscopic sympathectomy using electrocautery. This procedure has been used in 47 patients with hyperhidrosis palmaris. The early results have been favorable. ...
Motoo Y - - 1999
Twenty-three patients with globus pharyngeus were treated with Koso-san (TJ-70) at a dose of 7.5 g/day for at least 14 days. Symptoms disappeared in 18 cases and improved in 3 cases, therefore, the effective rate was 91.3% (21/23). The symptoms disappeared on average within 13.5 days. Terasawa qi-stasis scores were ...
Lepkifker E - - 1999
Kleptomania is characterized by an irresistible impulse to steal objects not needed for personal use or for their monetary value. Several recent case reports have shown that Serotonin Specific Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) could be effective in the treatment of kleptomania just as it is in other obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. We ...
Catalano G - - 1999
Nefazodone (Serzone) is one of the newer medications developed to treat major depression. It is a phenylpiperazine derivative that inhibits the reuptake of both norepinephrine and serotonin and antagonizes the 5HT2 and alpha-one adrenergic receptors. It is well tolerated by patients, and is felt to have a much wider margin ...
Vyas N B - - 1999
Free-ranging wildlife is regularly exposed to pesticides and can serve as a sentinel for human and environmental health. Therefore a comprehensive pesticide hazard assessment must incorporate the effects of actual applications on free-ranging wildlife. Mortality is the most readily reported wildlife effect, and the significance of these data can be ...
Calabrese G - - 1999
The literature on the natural sources of resveratrol, a phytochemical substance found in grapes and wine, is reviewed herein. Its structure is similar to that of diethylstilbestrol and, like other authors, we consider that resveratrol might be a phytoestrogen. We analyzed the populations who ingest this substance, as well as ...
McKinnon B J - - 1998
Naproxen is a commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) whose side effects include tinnitus and transient hearing loss. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss has rarely been reported as a result of NSAID use. This usually occurs in patients taking other ototoxic medications, with poor renal function, or with autoimmune disease. This ...
McCann U D - - 1998
1. There is a large body of evidence indicating that fenfluramines damage brain serotonin neurons in animals. 2. Little is known about potential adverse neuropsychiatric consequences in humans associated with use of fenfluramines that could potentially be related to serotonergic dysfunction. 3. The authors now report numerous cases of severe ...
Hocking B - - 1998
Mobile phone use is ubiquitous, although the alleged health effects of low level radio-frequency radiation (RFR) used in transmission are contentious. Following isolated reports of headache-like symptoms arising in some users, a survey has been conducted to characterize the symptoms sometimes associated with mobile phone usage. A notice of interest ...
Fisher M A - - 1998
Cyanosis occurring during a transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) is usually related to the respiratory depressant effect of the administered sedative. However, acute toxic methemoglobinemia related to topical benzocaine is a rare and not well recognized but potentially life threatening cause of cyanosis during or after TEE. A case of this condition ...
Lambert M T - - 1998
1. Extrapyramidal adverse effects have been reported with the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, particularly fluoxetine and paroxetine. 2. Recently, the SSRI sertraline has also been associated with treatment-emergent extrapyramidal syndrome (EPS) side effects. A review of the literature identified thirteen published cases of sertraline-induced EPS, several of which ...
Patel A - - 1998
PURPOSE: We review modern electrosurgical treatments for removing benign prostatic tissue based on an historical perspective of medical applications of electrical energy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed historical reports and landmark observations concerning the evolution of medical applications of electrical energy in the literature, with a special focus on the ...
Bever C T CT - - 1998
Although the recently identified dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria piscicida, may have neurotoxic effects on humans, the precise nature of the neurologic symptoms associated with varying levels of exposure is unknown. Toward this end, we review the neurologic symptoms of three Pfiesteria-exposed laboratory workers reported to data and compare them to the evaluation ...
Hopf J M - - 1998
In an ERP study, German sentences were investigated that contain a case-ambiguous NP that may be assigned accusative or dative case. Sentences were disambiguated by the verb in final position of the sentence. As our data show, sentences ending in a verb that assigns dative case to the ambiguous NP ...
Richert S M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Laser resurfacing for rhytides and dermatoheliosis is becoming more popular. As more procedures are performed, new side effects and complications are reported. METHODS: We report two cases of transepidermal elimination of elastic fibers after laser resurfacing with the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser for rhytides. Both patients presented with yellow ...
Telaranta T - - 1998
Thoracoscopic sympathicotomy by electrocautery is an irreversible procedure. Thus the indications must be meticulously considered before the final decision to operate is taken by both the surgeon and the patient. All possible side effects should be dealt with and written informed consent required. A case of an open nerve reconstruction ...
Papageorgiou C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence indicates that manipulations of attention may facilitate changes in cognition and stress symptoms in emotional disorder. METHODS: The present study reports the effects of Attention Training (ATT) in a brief case series of three patients with primary hypochondriasis using an A-B-A design. RESULTS: ATT produced clinically significant ...
Catalano G - - 1998
Sertraline (Zoloft) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that is commonly used in adults in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders. Whereas it also is used to treat these illnesses in children, it is not currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in this population. Sertraline ...
Schuepbach D - - 1998
Eosinophilia has been encountered from 0.2 to 61.7% in clozapine-treated patients, mostly with a transient course and spontaneous remission. There have been few reports, however, which have investigated a challenge with clozapine in patients previously showing eosinophilia. Two case reports are presented: the first with clozapine challenge after eosinophilia, the ...
Goel A - - 1997
Three cases of large and deep seated anaplastic cerebral glioma were treated by bone and dural decompression. The patients worsened suddenly within 12 h of surgery and later died. Postmortem examination revealed a large intratumoural clot in each case. The effects of decompression and the probable causes of fatal bleeding ...
Rajrut A H - - 1997
Progressive Supranuclear palsy (PSP) and multiple system atrophy (MSA) each respond poorly to most anti-parkinsonian drugs. We assessed PSP and MSA cases seen between 1970 and 1996 for response to amantadine (Amd) 100 mg twice daily. Of 13 MSA cases (six females, seven males), eight (61.5%) improved, four (30.8%) did ...
Clattenburg R N - - 1997
The development of acute neuropsychiatric symptoms in a 10-year-old boy subsequent to his return from travel abroad in Africa, where he had taken the antimalarial agent mefloquine (Lariam), is reported. A 4-week course of cognitive-behavioral therapy was used to effectively treat this substance-induced anxiety disorder, which had been caused by ...
Darvay A - - 1997
We report a case of toxic pustuloderma secondary to thalidomide in a patient with severe nodular prurigo. To our knowledge this is the first reported case. With the increasing use of thalidomide for a variety of dermatological conditions it is clearly important that this rare side-effect now be recognised.
Srinivasan R - - 1997
Kombucha tea is a health beverage made by incubating the Kombucha "mushroom" in tea and sugar. Although therapeutic benefits have been attributed to the drink, neither its beneficial effects nor adverse side effects have been reported widely in the scientific literature. Side effects probably related to consumption of Kombucha tea ...
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