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Morris Alexandra A Clinton Health Access Initiative, 383 Dorchester Avenue, Suite 400, Boston, MA, USA and Slingshot, 67 Riverside Dr. Nairobi Kenya 00100 London, - - 2014
BACKGROUND Although artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs) are the recommended first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria in most endemic countries, they have been prohibitively expensive in the retail sector where many suspected malaria cases purchase treatment. ACT subsidies seek to stimulate consumer demand for the drugs over cheaper but often ineffective alternatives ...
Mazigo Humphrey D - - 2012
ABSTRACT: In Tanzania, the first cases of schistosomiasis were reported in the early 19th century. Since then, various studies have reported prevalences of up to 100% in some areas. However, for many years, there have been no sustainable control programmes and systematic data from observational and control studies are very ...
Bischoff Andrea - - 2012
With the advance of prenatal imaging, more often pediatric surgeons are called for prenatal counseling in suspected cases of cloaca or cloacal exstrophy. This presents new challenges for pediatric surgeons since no specific guidelines have been established so far. The purpose of this review is to analyze our experience in ...
Ahmadi Neda - - 2012
This case report and literature review reports on a rare case of facial nerve hemangioma (FNH) involving the vertical facial nerve (FN) segment, and discusses the clinical presentation, imaging, pathogenesis, and management of these rare lesions. A 53-year-old male presented with a 10-year history of right hemifacial twitching and progressive ...
Kwong Y - - 2012
Imaging is frequently carried out for the investigation of vocal cord palsy, and cord palsy needs to be considered as a sign of a more sinister underlying disease. The reporting radiologist needs to be aware of the relevant anatomy of the vagus and recurrent laryngeal nerves so that the responsible ...
Vargas M C - - 2012
Cavernous haemangiomas arising in the paranasal sinuses are very rare. Even though the lesion is benign in nature, its imaging features are non-specific, leading to an incorrect pre-operative diagnosis in most patients. We present a case of a maxillary sinus cavernous haemangioma in a young male. The clinical presentation and ...
Specchio Nicola - - 2012
Congential hemifacial spasm is a rare condition that is characterized by the occurrence of paroxysmal hemifacial contractions in neonates. We review the clinical, neurophysiological, neuroimaging, and histopathological findings, as well as the differential diagnosis, therapeutic approach, and outcome of all the described cases. Moreover, we report two new cases including ...
Yang Chun-Fan - - 2012
Primary angiosarcoma of lung is a rare condition. Only about 20 cases have appeared in English published reports so far. Its rarity and consequent low index of suspicion makes clinical diagnosis difficult. Pathological diagnosis of the epithelioid variant of pulmonary angiosarcoma is particularly challenging. We report a case of primary ...
Sakellariou Grigorios T - - 2012
We report a case of multifocal involvement of the central skeleton in a patient with long-term stage I pulmonary sarcoidosis who experienced sustained clinical remission of musculoskeletal symptoms while on methotrexate (MTX) alone. Concomitant normalization of laboratory tests [inflammatory markers and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) levels] was observed, and improvements were ...
Virbalas Jordan M - - 2012
Background. LCH is a benign vascular growth of the skin and mucous membranes commonly affecting the head and neck. Since it was first described in the nineteenth century, this entity has been variously known as "human botryomycosis" and "pyogenic granuloma." The shifting nomenclature reflects an evolving understanding of the underlying ...
Nau Melissa L - - 2012
Although mental state defenses frequently are raised in cases of infanticide, legal criteria for these defenses vary across jurisdictions. We reviewed outcomes of such cases in states using M'Naughten or model penal code (MPC) standards for insanity, and the factors considered by the courts in reaching these decisions. LexisNexis and ...
Fedoul Badr - - 2012
The cerebellar location of ganglioglioma (GG) is exceptional. We report one case of a 27-year-old man who underwent an intracranial hypertension syndrome and a static cerebellar syndrome. Brain magnetic resonance images revealed a cyst image in the vermis. Histological study after surgical removal, revealed a ganglioglioma tumor. Through this case ...
McDonagh Marian S - - 2012
The Drug Effectiveness Review Project was initiated in 2003 in response to dramatic increases in the cost of pharmaceuticals, which lessened the purchasing power of state Medicaid budgets. A collaborative group of state Medicaid agencies and other organizations formed to commission high-quality comparative effectiveness reviews to inform evidence-based decisions about ...
Anderson J R - - 2011
First instars obtained from the uteri of host-seeking females, and compared with previously published descriptions of larvae collected from Columbian black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus), revealed that larvae described as Cephenemyia apicata Bennett & Sabrosky (Diptera: Oestridae) actually are C. jellisoni Townsend. Several new characters are added to supplement the ...
Tee May C - - 2011
An unusual case of cecal volvulus arising from a strangulating fallopian tube is presented. The etiology, diagnosis, and management guidelines of this infrequent cause of large bowel obstruction are reviewed. Computed tomography images are included, which demonstrate key features that are pathognomonic for this condition. To our knowledge, this is ...
Einer H - - 2011
Objective:We report a case of an Oestrus ovis larva which developed into the second larval stage within a healthy, immunocompetent human, and we review the relevant literature.Methods:Clinical case report and Pubmed search of reports of human nasal myiasis due to Oestrus ovis, especially those describing the larval stage.Results:Humans are not ...
Mendenhall Ian H - - 2011
We report the first record of Culex (Anoedioporpa) restrictor collected from a tree hole in the Cauca Valley, Colombia, in 2006.
Beltrán Marcelo A - - 2011
Knowledge on pancreaticobiliary reflux in normal pancreaticobiliary junction and its pathologic implications has experienced tremendous progress during the last few years. This editorial reviews the current knowledge on this condition and its pathological implications on gallbladder diseases. The following aspects were defined appropriate for discussion: (1) Evidence of carcinogenesis associated ...
Benninger Michael S - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the levels of evidence in the voice literature. Retrospective literature review. Retrospective review of all original articles published between January 2004 and December 2009 from four general otolaryngology journals and one subspecialty voice journal. All abstracts related to voice were evaluated and ...
Veetil Bharath Manu Akkara - - 2011
Elevated levels of complement components, C3 and C4, are often seen in inflammatory diseases. They are generally not thought to be responsible for organ injury but simply reflect stimulation of the immune system. Extremely high elevations of these components are rarely seen. Such values are usually reported in patients with ...
Nassar Pierre Nagib - - 2011
Cor Triatriatum Sinister is a rare congenital abnormality, usually diagnosed in childhood; few cases remain asymptomatic and are diagnosed in adulthood. In this review article we focus on classification and etiologies, clinical manifestations, novel diagnostic modalities and treatment of Cor triatriatum Sinister.
Kaczmarczyk Dariusz - - 2011
Myiasis is a rare, worldwide, human disease with seasonal variation, caused by developing larvae of a variety of fly species. It can be dangerous when infestations penetrate into the brain. In the available literature, we have found only a few papers concerning ear myiasis caused by Lucilia sericata. Here, we ...
Izumikawa Koichi - - 2011
We report the case of a 62-year-old man who developed eosinophilic pneumonia due to visceral larva migrans (VLM) that was possibly caused by Ascaris suum. The patient, a resident of the middle Kyushu area who was found of eating raw porcine liver, complained of dry cough without dyspnea. The chest ...
Dupuis Michel J-M - - 2010
Improvement of a patient's essential tremor (ET) after a stroke has rarely been reported. In such patients, cerebral imaging could help to identify structures involved in the maintenance of ET and improves the knowledge of its physiopathology. This article reports the disappearance of ET, after a stroke in 4 patients ...
- - 2010
The editors of the journal thank the reviewers for their time and effort. The reviewers listed here have contributed at least one review in the past two years, and many have contributed considerably more. The quality of the journal depends in large part on their expertise, and their dedication and ...
Erb Hollis N - - 2010
"Yes" to both questions. I believe that journals can, should, and do drive methodological changes. However, it is not a unilateral responsibility; authors and teachers also must be drivers of improvements. There are multiple ways that journals drive change: Journals promote new concepts and methods in study design and data ...
Kalavakunta Jagadeesh K - - 2010
Cardiogenic cerebral embolism is believed to be responsible over 25% of all ischemic strokes. Since 1856, Lambl's description of small excrescences on the aortic valves has attracted widespread attention and controversy. With the increasing use of transesophageal echocardiography, ever-increasing valvular strands are being detected. The case is presented of a ...
McNicol L - - 2010
This report involves a review of 736 cases of anaesthesia-related morbidity reported from 1990 to 2005 by the Victorian Consultative Council on Anaesthetic Mortality and Morbidity. Using a combination of an established classification system, emerging categorisation definitions and appropriate keywords, an analysis of the clinical issues and contributory factors was ...
Auriel E - - 2010
With the growing understanding of the mechanism of cell death in ischemia, new approaches for treatment such as neuroprotection have emerged. The basic aim of this strategy is to interfere with the events of the ischemic cascade, blocking the pathological processes and preventing the death of nerve cells in the ...
Ciccone Sara - - 2010
Ischemic stroke is a recognized complication of varicella-zoster virus infections. We report on an immunocompetent 5-year-old girl who presented with acute neurologic deficits attributed to cerebral infarction, 3 months after varicella-zoster virus infection. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed subacute ischemic lesions in the territory of the right middle ...
Sisa Miroslav - - 2010
Flavonoids and their photochemical transformations play an important role in biological processes in nature. Synthetic photochemistry allows access to molecules that cannot be obtained via more conventional methods. This review covers all published synthetic photochemical transformations of the different classes of flavonoids. It is first comprehensive review on the photochemistry ...
Ruecker M - - 2010
Current knowledge on primary or isolated basilar artery dissection (IBAD) is limited to case vignettes and small patient series. To delineate the frequency and clinical presentations of IBAD along with short-term outcome, specific prognosis and targeted management. Data were derived from a series of 12 consecutive patients and a review ...
Almarzooqi Saeeda - - 2010
Despite the impressive advances in pathology and microbiology of recent years, the morphologic recognition of an organism remains a major component in rendering a specific diagnosis of an infectious process, or at minimum, a trigger in the process of identifying an infectious agent. Artifacts and mimickers may pose difficulty to ...
Lemon Christian H - - 2010
This paper reviews the physiology of taste processing and ingestive decisions.
Potter Jonathan - - 2010
This study updated Reed's 1999 "Mapping the Literature of Occupational Therapy." An analysis of citation patterns and indexing coverage was undertaken to identify the core literature of occupational therapy and to determine access to that literature. Citations from three source journals for the years 2006 through 2008 were studied following ...
Harris Scott S - - 2011
Vocal process avulsion is a rare condition in which laryngeal trauma causes a separation of the vocal process from the body of the arytenoid cartilage. Typically symptoms are dysphonia and shortness of breath during phonation. Strobovideolaryngoscopy, laryngeal electromyography, and laryngeal computed tomography are helpful in establishing this important and sometimes ...
Tran Jackie - - 2010
Stroke is the second leading cause of death in the world. In the Middle East and North Africa stroke is increasingly becoming a major health problem, with projections that deaths from it will nearly double by 2030. This systematic review aims to bring together age-adjusted epidemiological data of stroke in ...
Grondin Simon - - 2010
The aim of the present review article is to guide the reader through portions of the human time perception, or temporal processing, literature. After distinguishing the main contemporary issues related to time perception, the article focuses on the main findings and explanations that are available in the literature on explicit ...
Karas J A - - 2010
In this review we examine published literature to ascertain mortality in relation to Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and the factors associated with mortality. In the 27 studies that had sufficient data, there were 10975 cases of CDI with great heterogeneity in the methods for reporting mortality. We calculated the overall ...
Ponce Francisco A - - 2010
The term "citation classic" has been used in reference to an article that has been cited more than 400 times. The purpose of this study is to identify such articles that pertain to clinical neurosurgery. A list of search phrases relating to neurosurgery was compiled. A topic search was performed ...
English James - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: One previous accidental death during intracarotid amobarbital testing (IAT) associated with cerebral angiography (CA) has been reported in the literature. The objectives of this article are to briefly review morbidity and mortality risks for patients undergoing diagnostic CA and to describe a case with a fatal outcome. METHOD: The ...
Garmel Gus M - - 2010
Writing for publication is a complex task. For many professionals, producing a well-executed manuscript conveying one's research, ideas, or educational wisdom is challenging. Authors have varying emotions related to the process of writing for scientific publication. Although not studied, a relationship between an author's enjoyment of the writing process and ...
Nair Jagdish R - - 2010
Stroke mimics are usually non-vascular disease processes. These raise the possibility of a stroke and are common in clinical practice. It is necessary to distinguish these mimics in order to provide early and appropriate management, as well as reduce possible harm on our patient. We report the case of a ...
Williams Cylie M - - 2010
It is generally understood that toe walking involves the absence or limitation of heel strike in the contact phase of the gait cycle. Toe walking has been identified as a symptom of disease processes, trauma and/or neurogenic influences. When there is no obvious cause of the gait pattern, a diagnosis ...
Kamarudeen Sophia - - 2010
In 2008, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) suggested that research should be undertaken into whether amenable mortality - deaths considered avoidable due to medical intervention - could be used as an indicator of healthcare quality. The aim of this paper is to review the literature on amenable mortality in ...
Bogousslavsky Julien - - 2010
In March 1841, the year before he died of acute stroke, Stendhal, one of the most famous French novelists of the 19th century, developed a series of short-lived speech impairments which he precisely reported in his correspondence. His reports suggest that these spells were aphasic transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). The ...
Hall Peter A - - 2009
Here we outline the approach of The Journal of Pathology to the issue of conflict of interest. We aspire to have a fair and transparent review process where conflict of interest or prejudice does not influence the review and decision-making process, such that readers can be confident of the objectivity ...
Polanco Geanette - - 2010
The major concern on the management of superheated liquids, in industrial environments, is the large potential hazards involved in cases of any accidental release. There is a possibility that a violent phase change could take place inside the fluid released generating a flashing jet. This violent phase change might produce ...
Adams Carolyn - - 2011
A 23-year-old woman developed ischemic stroke (IS) 8 to 12 hours after ingestion of sumatriptan (ST) and then developed mucosal bleeding secondary to acute thrombocytopenia likely due to dipyridamole (DP) on the 10th day poststroke. Sumatriptan-associated IS and DP-induced thrombocytopenia are rare events in themselves and their sequential occurrence in ...
Ganidi Nafsika - - 2009
Anaerobic digestion foaming has been encountered in several sewage treatment plants in the UK. Foaming has raised major concerns for the water companies due to significant impacts on process efficiency and operational costs. Several foaming causes have been identified over the past few years by researchers. However, the supporting experimental ...
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