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Results 401 - 450 of 907
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Martin A J - - 2002
Central neurocytoma is an unusual tumour that arises in the supratentorial ventricular system of young adults. Similar lesions, termed simply neurocytoma, have been described at a variety of locations outside the ventricular system. Here, we report the case of a 50-year-old man who presented with pain and a rapidly progressive ...
Houten John K - - 2002
We report a case of a 41-year-old man with a primary thoracic spine paraganglioma presenting with spinal cord compression and distant metastasis. Paragangliomas arising within the spinal canal are rare and when they occur are usually found in the intradural, extramedullary compartment and in the lumbosacral region. Thoracic paragangliomas are ...
Becker W J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pneumocephalus can be a cause of headache, but is easily overlooked in some clinical circumstances. CASE STUDY: A 35-year-old woman developed severe headache of abrupt onset during an epidural blood patch procedure done for a post-lumbar puncture headache. A brain CT scan showed subarachnoid air even though there was ...
Jamil F - - 2002
A case of extensive heterotopic ossification involving the left hip in a 16 year old girl who sustained non traumatic spinal paralysis at T4 ASIA scale A. This case demonstrates the practical difficulties facing clinicians involved in the rehabilitation of this paraplegic patient who required intervention before full maturation of ...
Kohlbeck Frank J - - 2002
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The acceptance of spinal manipulation as a reasonable method of treating certain patients with spinal pain over the past decade has led to a renewed interest and increased use of these techniques performed in conjunction with commonly used medications and procedures. Manual therapy is increasingly being used in ...
Horn M - - 2002
The clinical course and the postmortal pathological findings in a female newborn showing parental consanguinity are presented. One week afterbirth, the infant developed fever, hepatosplenomegaly and polyserositis. Rapidly progressing immunodeficiency due to pancytopenia led to pneumonia and untreatable respiratory distress with fatal outcome after 2 weeks. Autopsy findings revealed multisystem ...
Kumar M M - - 2002
A patient with spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, an extremely rare form of dwarfism, presented for elective caesarean section. We report the successful management under regional anaesthesia, using a combined spinal epidural technique. There seem to be only two previous reports of spinal anaesthesia and there are no previous reports of the use ...
Coulier B - - 2002
We report a rare case of lumbar spinal radiculopathy caused by a tunneling Schmorl's node originating from the superior endplate of the L3 vertebra of a 75-year-old patient and penetrating the spinal canal through the posterior wall of this vertebra. This case highlights recent reports emphasizing the clinical pain syndromes ...
Vandenheede Michel - - 2002
We report two cases of intravascular malignant lymphomatosis (IML) with a clinical expression limited to the central nervous system. The first patient presented with signs of cerebral, cerebellar and spinal cord involvement. The second had an isolated involvement of the spinal cord. In both cases the diagnosis was made at ...
Ozkan U - - 2002
A case report of acute post-traumatic spinal subdural haematoma (ASSH). To report a rare post-traumatic problem. Dicle University Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey. A 3-year-old boy was admitted to our clinic with paraplegia 24 h after falling from a height of about 5 meters. Investigation revealed an acute spinal subdural haematoma. Following ...
Wiesner L - - 2003
To date, only one patient with spinal affection of Gaucher's disease requiring surgery for spinal compression has been reported. We present an additional case with extensive affection of three consecutive vertebral bodies, and present a review of the literature relating to the management of therapy and follow-up of this disease.
Leung Jean P F - - 2002
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety profile of the posterior ISOLA Segmental Spinal System in the treatment of scoliosis. Forty-one patients (31 girls, 10 boys) were reviewed retrospectively. The average age was 14.2 years and the mean follow-up was 24 months. There were ...
Tyagi A - - 2002
Patients receiving anticoagulants offer a challenge to anaesthesiologists. The issue of spinal haematoma following central neuraxial block in such patients is a contentious issue. Although rare, with an estimated incidence of < 1:150,000 for epidural blocks and 1:220,000 for spinal anaesthetics in patients with normal coagulation status, this is an ...
Park Dong Hyuk - - 2002
The authors report a case of oncocytic paraganglioma of the cauda equina in a 12-year-old girl who presented with lower back and leg pain on the right side of 6 months' duration. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an ellipsoidal, intradural, extramedullary mass causing cord compression at the level of L1. Total ...
Hata Masaharu - - 2002
A 33-year-old man with an intramedullary spinal cord germinoma was treated successfully with partial resection, combined chemotherapy with carboplatin and etoposide, and reduced-dose local-field radiation therapy. The authors believe this is the first case without syncytiotrophoblastic giant cells so treated. The literature is reviewed, and the appearance, radiologic and histopathologic ...
Massicotte Eric M - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: A case series of eight patients with idiopathic spinal cord herniation and a review of the literature. OBJECTIVE: To report on this rare entity, provide insight on its natural history, and propose an optimal management strategy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Idiopathic spinal cord herniation is a rare disease ...
Chan L L - - 2002
Permanent neurological deficits after epidural analgesia are rare, but have long been believed to be caused by cord ischaemia when no obvious cause is demonstrable. The mechanisms of this injury are uncertain, but a literature review suggests important risk factors. We report a first case of extensive spinal cord infarction ...
Lee Jung-Kil - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric testicular tumors are rare. Spinal metastasis of testicular yolk sac tumor (YST) is extremely rare, with only one reported case. CASE REPORT: We report a rare case of metastatic spinal cord compression of testicular YST in a 14-month-old boy who presented with progressive paraparesis and neurological bladder dysfunction. ...
Kavak Ayse - - 2002
A woman had burning pruritus on both arms and thenar regions for 1 year. The location of pruritus was consistent with C5-C6 dermatomes. Brachioradial pruritus caused by spinal cord tumor was diagnosed. Although cases of brachioradial pruritus were reported in cervical osteoarthritis and cervical rib previously, to our knowledge, our ...
Farid Ibrahim S - - 2002
Bupivacaine is a long-acting amide local anesthetic that was introduced to clinical practice in the early 1980s. Since then it has been extensively used for both peripheral blocks as well as neuraxial blockade in concentrations varying from 0.125% to 0.75%. Despite the relatively narrow safety margin, bupivacaine has become the ...
Karacostas D - - 2002
Single case report. To report a rare case of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-associated transverse myelitis (TM) in the immunocompetent host. Collaboration between a Neurology and Radiology University Department in Greece and a Molecular Virology Department in Cyprus. A 16-year-old male student developed an acute febrile illness followed shortly by TM, that resulted ...
Liokumovich Pavel - - 2002
We present a case of spermatic cord cavernous hemangioma. A 32-year-old man presented with a circumscribed, painless mass in the left side of the spermatic cord. An orchiectomy of the left testicle was performed. A 3 x 3 x 2.5-cm mass was present in the spermatic cord area. Histologic examination ...
Colachis S C - - 2002
Case report of autonomic dysreflexia presenting with transient aphasia in a subject with C4 tetraplegia. To report a rare case of autonomic dysreflexia. Rehabilitation Service, The Ohio State University, USA. A 21-year-old man with a C4 spinal cord injury (ASIA B) developed aphasia associated with autonomic dysreflexia. He was treated ...
Kyoshima Kazuhiko - - 2002
Idiopathic syringomyelia, which is not associated with any definite pathogenic lesions, has been treated mainly by shunting of the syrinx and rarely by craniocervical decompression. The authors report four cases of syringomyelia thought to be idiopathic syringomyelia but treated by craniocervical decompression with favorable results. Syringomyelia was present without hindbrain ...
Adams Brian B - - 2002
Hyperhidrosis is a relatively common condition with a multitude of causes. Spinal cord injury may be complicated by hyperhidrosis. Many forms of therapy have been reported for this phenomenon but few have been demonstrated to be efficacious. We describe a case of a child with hyperhidrosis from a spinal cord ...
Hosalkar Harish S - - 2002
Laminoplasty has been advocated increasingly after spinal tumor excision in children. Results have shown that it offers the required decompression, while maintaining spinal stability and the integrity of the posterior vertebral elements. To the authors' knowledge, there has been no description of a progressive lordotic deformity of the thoracic spine ...
Andaluz Norberto - - 2002
Lobular capillary hemangiomas are common, benign, vascular soft-tissue tumors located in the head and neck during the childhood and early adulthood. Report of these lesions in the central nervous system has been anecdotal. The case of one patient treated for spinal cord compression secondary to a capillary hemangioma with elevated ...
Sasaki Takahiro - - 2002
We experienced a case of a persistent trophoblastic disease associated with gradually progressive Brown-Sequard syndrome, which was found to be due to a primary intramedullary spinal cord germinoma with syncytiotrophoblastic giant cells (STGC). We performed both chemotherapy and radiotherapy on separate occasions. Although the chemotherapy appeared to be ineffective, radiotherapy ...
Gepstein Reuven - - 2002
Diastematomyelia is a congenital anomaly wherein the distal spinal canal is bisected by a longitudinally oriented septum made up of fibrous tissue, cartilage, or bone. The main lesion is expressed by characteristic gait disturbances and dysfunction of the anal and vesical sphincters resulting from damage to the cord or cauda ...
Brimacombe J - - 2002
We report a case of mechanical closure of the vocal cords with the laryngeal mask airway ProSeal (PLMA) in an anaesthetized, paralysed 59-yr-old, 88 kg female undergoing lower-limb vascular surgery. Near-complete airway obstruction developed after a size-5 PLMA was inserted and the cuff inflated with 20 ml of air. Fibreoptic ...
Bajwa Zahid H - - 2002
Discitis (inflammation of the intervertebral disk) most commonly develops as a rare complication of bacterial infection or chemical or mechanical irritation during spine surgery (1) with a postoperative incidence of 1%-2.8% (2). It is also a complication of discography-the intradiscal injection of saline or contrast material (3). The incidence of ...
Ravid Sarit - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is rare in children. The presenting symptoms are usually pain, either local or radicular, followed by progressive bilateral weakness, and sensory loss hours and even days later. In the absence of significant precipitating factors such as severe trauma or previously known coagulopathies the diagnosis is ...
Trautmann M - - 2002
During a 3-year period, three cases of bacterial meningitis developing after spinal or epidural anesthesia were observed at one hospital in Germany. The causative organisms were Streptococcus salivarius (2 cases) and Staphylococcus aureus (1 case). In the first two cases, contamination of the needle by oropharyngeal flora of the anesthesiological ...
Christopher Kenneth - - 2002
Bilateral vocal cord paralysis is an extremely rare complication of short-term endotracheal intubation. Its etiology following intubation is likely due to recurrent laryngeal nerve injury on intubation. The anterior ramus of the recurrent laryngeal nerve is especially susceptible to pressure injury in intubated patients. Heliox is reported as a successful ...
Suri J C - - 2002
Vocal cord dysfunction is a rare variety of upper airway obstruction characterized by typical laryngoscopic features and may mimic an acute asthma attack. The case presented in this report pertains to a 15-year-old girl who had repeated acute episodes of dyspnoea and wheezing and remained non-responsive to corticosteroids and inhaled ...
Deliveliotis Charalampos - - 2002
We report a case of solitary neurofibroma of the spermatic cord. Such benign tumors arise from perineural and Schwann cells and may be located in various parts of the body, but are rarely observed in the spermatic cord. No clinical or laboratorial manifestations of von Recklinghausen disease (Neurofibromatosis) were identified. ...
Naderi S - - 2001
Spinal ossified meningiomas are extremely rare. This is a report of a study on a 15-year-old boy with thoracic spinal ossified meningioma. The meningioma was resected totally. Histopathological examination revealed a transitional meningioma (psammomatous+meningothelial). Immunohistochemically, Ki 67 antibody was applied but no positive staining was present. The surgical and pathological ...
Smilari P - - 2001
There have been many causes associated with bilateral vocal cord palsy, both congenital and perinatal. Until now, the main congenital causes of bilateral vocal cord palsy have been associated with meningomyelocele, Arnold-Chiari malformation, and hydrocephalus. We report a patient with bilateral vocal cord palsy associated with the lobar form of ...
Esler M D - - 2001
A case of epidural analgesia in a parturient with neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen's disease) complicated by dural puncture and epidural haematoma is described and the management of the case is discussed. The case emphasizes the need for antenatal assessment of parturients with neurofibromatosis in order that the necessary investigations can be ...
Weidenheim K M - - 2001
Two unrelated individuals with autistic behavior had numerous swollen axon terminals (spheroids) located in specific brain regions relevant to their behavioral symptoms. Spheroids are characteristic of neuroaxonal dystrophy, but the clinical profile and anatomic distribution of the lesions in these two patients differed from those of previously described patients with ...
Aizawa T - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: Cases are reported and the literature is reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To present three cases involving idiopathic herniation of the thoracic cord. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Idiopathic spinal cord herniation is a very rare condition. Only 20 cases have been reported. The radiographic and intraoperative findings concerning this herniation remain ...
Ghaly R F - - 2001
Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is rare and not without serious sequelae. We report a patient who developed Brown-Séquard syndrome from SEH after fluoroscopic-guided cervical steroid injection and favorable response to methylprednisolone (MP). A 56-year-old man reported immediate sharp shooting pain to the upper extremities on introduction of epidural toughy needle. ...
Vijayakumar P - - 2001
It is reasonable to assume that an umbilical cord stained green is due to the baby having passed meconium in utero. We describe a newborn baby in whom there was a delay in diagnosing an imperforate anus because the baby's umbilical cord was stained green with bile and it was ...
Park S H - - 2001
Idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP) is a rare, chronic nonspecific and granulomatous inflammatory disorder of the dura with unknown etiology. The diagnosis can be established by open biopsy and exclusion of all other specific granulomatous and infectious diseases. We report a typical case of spinal IHP occurring in a long segment ...
Homans J - - 2001
Spinal intramedullary cysticercosis is rare and usually afflicts adults. We report the case of a 5-year-old Mexican girl with back pain who had a complex thoracic spinal intramedullary mass on magnetic resonance imaging and a positive immunoblot for Taenia solium. Surgery revealed a cystic mass containing a cysticercus. Cysticercosis should ...
Kemalo─člu S - - 2001
To illustrate the dilemmas in the diagnosis and management of intramedullary tuberculomas of the spinal cord. Case report of a 32 year-old man with tuberculous meningitis. The presence of unexplained urinary retention and progressive weakness in the legs led to the discovery of an additional tuberculoma of the conus medullaris. ...
Buckland M E - - 2001
Malignant myeloid blast cells may occasionally form a solid mass in tissues outside the haemopoietic system. These tumours are known as chloromas or granulocytic sarcomas. Chloromas occur most commonly in the context of acute myelogenous leukaemia but, rarely, they occur in the absence of other haematological disease, and may be ...
Gasser T G - - 2001
Two cases of intramedullary metastasis were observed in our department within a short period of time that change the picture of uncommon locations of spinal metastases as described in literature. The patients presented primarily with rapidly progressing flaccid paraparesis of the lower extremities. Both additionally described diffusely located hypesthesia and ...
Balaban H - - 2001
Spinal cavernous angiomas frequently accompany to cranial cavernous angiomas. Multiple spinal cord cavernous angiomas are very rare and to authors knowledge, only one case has been described having multiple intramedullary cavernous angiomas without cranial involvement until now. In this report, we present a case with acute paraplegia who had thoracic ...
Sharma R R - - 2001
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) has long been regarded as a benign asymptomatic clinical entity with an innocuous clinical course. Precise information is lacking in the world literature. Authors report the results of a retrospective analysis of 74 cases of DISH. Eleven patients presented with progressive spinal cord or cauda ...
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