Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 919
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Brockmann Marc A - - 2005
Supratentorial subdural hematoma is a well-known complication following spinal interventions. Less often, spinal or supratentorial interventions cause remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH). The exact pathomechanism accounting for RCH remains unclear, but an interventional or postinterventional loss of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) seems to be involved in almost all cases. Hemorrhage is often ...
Medhkour Azedine - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Spinal glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an uncommon entity and metastases are extremely rare. Glioblastoma multiforme of the conus medullaris is a rare and highly aggressive entity that can quickly progress to a dismal state. Proper diagnosis via histopathologic and immunochemical staining with close clinical and radiological follow-up is important ...
Al-Ghatany Mubarak - - 2005
Subacute posttraumatic ascending myelopathy (SPAM) is a rare disorder that may gradually emerge in the first 1 to 3 weeks after a spinal cord injury and is unrelated to syrinx formation or mechanical instability. In addition to several theories that have been put forth to explain the origin of this ...
Jea Andrew - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Spinal epidural hematoma is a rare cause of spinal cord compression and acute para- or quadriplegia. Traumatic spinal epidural hematomas are usually seen in older men with a history of ankylosing spondylitis and vertebral fracture. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas are commonly associated with coagulopathies, tumors, or vascular ...
van Aalst J - - 2005
METHODS: A patient is described in which a complete osteofibrotic dorsally implanted septum was found in combination with a split cord malformation in a single dural tube. This case cannot be explained using the widely used theory as proposed by Pang et al. [Pang D, Dias MS, Ahab-Barmada M (1992) ...
Dwarakanath Srinivas - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: First published report of an adult complex spinal dysraphism with situs inversus. OBJECTIVES: To describe a previously asymptomatic adult patient of multiple vertebral anomalies with cervical split cord malformation type II, tethering of the spinal cord (cervical and lumbar), and intraspinal arachnoid cyst along with dextrocardia and situs ...
Tuna H - - 2005
Chordomas are rare tumors and they may arise anywhere along the spinal column and clival bone. The vast majority of tumors are found at skull base and sacrum. Chordomas involving the lumbar spine are rare. Approximately 6% of spinal chordomas originate in the lumbar vertebrae. We report a case of ...
Hargett Christopher - - 2005
Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy is a benign lymphoproliferative disorder growing in frequency as awareness of the disease increases. Also known as Rosai-Dorfman disease, it typically presents as painless cervical lymphadenopathy with fever and malaise. A review of the literature reveals approximately 400 cases of extranodal involvement and approximately 44 ...
Dwarakanath Srinivas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Intracranial cysts containing an ectopic choroid plexus or choroid plexus-like tissue have seldom been described in the literature. However, there has been no report of a spinal intramedullary cyst containing an ectopic choroid plexus. This is the first case report in the available literature of an ectopic ...
Mohit A Alex - - 2005
Charcot spinal arthropathy has been described as a late complication of spinal cord injury. In patients with these injuries in whom the spine below the level of injury is insensate, joint trauma can progress until spinal instability ensues. The authors describe the case of a 50-year-old man with complete C-8 ...
Kazakos G - - 2005
The objective of this study was to evaluate the duration and severity of neurological dysfunction as prognostic indicators for the final outcome in 30 dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease, treated surgically with hemilaminectomy without concurrent prophylactic fenestration. The lesion localization was assessed comparing plain radiographic, myelographic and surgical findings ...
Jaiswal Awadhesh Kumar - - 2005
Myelocystocele is a variety of occult spinal dysraphism that is characterized by a localized, cystic dilatation of the terminal part of the central canal that then herniates through a posterior spina bifida. We describe a series of eight cases of myelocystocele. The clinical and radiological features and treatment are discussed ...
Bess R Shay - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of spinal exostoses treated at our institution and literature review. OBJECTIVES: Review of 12 cases of spinal exostoses treated at our institution compared with 165 cases of spinal exostoses reported in the literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal exostoses are uncommon. Most reports consist of 1 ...
Jacob Jeffrey T - - 2005
We present a case of intramedullary spinal gangliocytoma in a 19-year-old woman who presented with a long history of hyperhidrosis of the face and neck areas and intermittent pain of the hands. The tumor involved the cervico-thoracic region of the spinal cord from C7-T3. The patient underwent debulking of the ...
Pan Shin-Liang - - 2005
Intracerebral hemorrhage is an unusual complication of autonomic dysreflexia and can be fatal if massive bleeding occurs with brain herniation. We report the case of a man in his midthirties with incomplete tetraplegia who suffered right putaminal hemorrhage during an episode of autonomic dysreflexia. Prompt recognition and removal of the ...
Silva José Alberto Gonçalves da - - 2005
In most series of neoplasms of the spinal canal, spinal cord and its leptomeninges, the incidence of meningioma group comprises approximately 25%. The incidence of multiple meningiomas is small when compared with the frequency of its single occurrence. In the majority of cases, their multiplicity is intracranial and spinal. Multiple ...
Kouyoumdjian João Aris - - 2005
X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy or Kennedy's disease is an adult-onset motor neuronopathy caused by a CAG repeat expansion within the first exon of an androgen receptor gene. We report the case of a 66-year-old man, previously diagnosed with motor neuron disease (MND), who presented acute and reversible left ...
Fogel Guy R - - 2005
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Symptomatic spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL), a rare cause of spinal cord compression, has most often been associated with exogenous steroid use. PURPOSE: Identify four associations with SEL, correlate the associated groups with level of disease and compare treatment with outcome data in these groups. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Case reports ...
Chooi Y S - - 2005
We report a case of vertebral osteochondroma of C1 causing cord compression and myelopathy in a patient with hereditary multiple exostosis. We highlight the importance of early diagnosis and the appropriate surgery in order to obtain a satisfactory outcome.
D'agapeyeff A - - 2005
A 72-year-old female underwent elective lumbar spinal decompression. At the end of the procedure an epidural catheter was sited by the surgeon under direct vision. A bolus of levobupivacaine was injected. Shortly after reaching the recovery area, the patient collapsed and required re-intubation and mechanical ventilation. She was extubated five ...
Oba Masahiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Convergent strabismus fixus is classified into congenital and acquired types; however, there are only a few detailed case reports of congenital convergent strabismus fixus. Here, we report a rare case of this condition in which the eyeball was shown by imaging diagnosis to be fixed with a hard cord-like ...
Donovan Daniel J - - 2005
Children born with a tail-like appendage have a rare malformation that is frequently associated with abnormalities of the spine and spinal cord. A contiguous fibrolipoma is usually seen extending from the subcutaneous portion of the tail into the inferior spinal cord, resulting in tethered cord syndrome. We present the case ...
Drut Ricardo - - 2005
Several types of tissues have been reported to present ectopically in the umbilical cord (UC). Most of these are found in the UC proximal to the fetus. Featuring tissues are developmentally related to the area, thus representing vestigial remnants. In this report we describe the recognition of neurons and nerves ...
Smoliga J - - 2005
An eight-year-old, female spayed, domestic shorthair cat presented with a three-week history of progressive general proprioceptive ataxia and upper motor neuron paresis of the hindlimbs. Computed tomography revealed a mediastinal mass invading the vertebral canal with the T1 spinal nerve and roots, causing extramedullary compression of the cranial thoracic spinal ...
Inci Servet - - 2005
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) of spinal origin is a rare entity accounting for approximately 1% of all cases of SAH. Its most frequent causes are trauma and vascular malformations. Although primary spinal tumors, especially ependymomas, are also relatively common causes, SAH secondary to a metastatic spinal tumor arising from outside the ...
Husain Huma - - 2005
This is a case report of Mr S, a 43-year-old man with a spinal cord lesion caused by tuberculosis resulting in incomplete paraplegia. He was discharged from hospital with significant residual disability. He received a major part of his rehabilitation in the community from an interdisciplinary neuro rehabilitation team with ...
O'Connor Peter J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To forecast annual numbers of cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) and to assess the effect on case mix. DESIGN: Cohort of incident cases from 1986 to 1997, with forecasting to 2021. SETTING: Australian cases registered by treatment centers for the acute care and rehabilitation of SCI patients. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Lampen Russell - - 2005
Bacteria in the Streptococcus milleri group (S. anginosus, S. constellatus, and S. intermedius) are associated with bacteremia and abscess formation. While most reports of Streptococcus milleri group (SMG) infection occur in patients with underlying medical conditions, SMG infections during pregnancy have been documented. However, SMG infections in pregnant women are ...
Botwin Kenneth P - - 2004
Epidural lipomatosis has been implicated as a cause or contributor of symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis. Although epidural steroid injections have been very successful for symptomatic treatment of spinal stenosis; their role in treatment of symptomatic stenosis secondary to epidural lipomatosis is unclear. A review literature (MEDLINE, PubMed) found no reports ...
Sharma M C - - 2005
The occurrence of an extrarenal Wilms tumor in the lumbosacral region is an extremely uncommon condition. We report a case of Wilms tumor in the lumbosacral region that was associated with diastematomyelia and occult spina bifida. An 18-month-old girl presented with a swelling over the lower back with a tuft ...
Goh Brian K P - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report. OBJECTIVE: A rare case of epidural emphysema secondary to traumatic pneumomediastinum in the absence of pneumothorax is reported. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Epidural air secondary to traumatic pneumomediastinum in the absence of pneumothorax has only been reported previously by Willing. Other causes of ...
Joseph G - - 2004
Case report. To report a case of spinal cord infarction after a self-inflicted needle stick injury, following an injection of heroin into the cord. National spinal injury unit in a Scottish University teaching hospital, Glasgow, UK. A 20-year-old male, injected street heroin accidentally into the cord through the left side ...
Aydin M Volkan - - 2004
Primary intraspinal primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are rare tumors and a have poor prognosis. In reviews of the literature, it is seen that primary intraspinal PNETs may arise at all levels of the spine and may be intramedullary, intradural-extramedullary, or epidural. Spinal epidural location of PNET is extremely rare and ...
Mohammadianpanah Mohammad - - 2004
Hemangiopericytoma is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm that rarely affects the spinal canal. Primary malignant hemangiopericytoma of the spinal column is extremely rare. We report on a case of primary epidural malignant hemangiopericytoma of the thoracic spinal column that invaded vertebral bone and caused spinal cord compression in a 21-year-old man. ...
Cullen David J - - 2004
Spinal epidural hematoma in the absence of coagulopathy or anticoagulation therapy is an extremely rare occurrence, with a reported incidence of less than 1 in 1 million. We present seven cases of documented epidural hematoma in the absence of coagulopathy or anticoagulation therapy to alert the clinician to consider spinal ...
Bhowmick B - - 2004
We believe this to be the first case report of VCD occurring in a patient with an underlying unilateral paralysis of the vocal cord. VCD, though rare, should be considered in any patient presenting as asthma who does not respond to conventional treatment. Physicians need to remain aware of the ...
Kwon Jee-Hyun - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sparganosis is a rare parasitic infection affecting various organs, including the central nervous system. In rare cases, sparganosis may involve the spinal cord, usually at the thoracic area. We herein report, to our knowledge, the first case of sparganosis presenting as a conus medullaris lesion and review the literature ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2004
We report an infant born with lumbosacral agenesis, a subcutaneous lumbosacral mass, and a solitary median maxillary incisor. Operatively, a lipomyelomeningocele was noted to extend from the dorsal hemicord of a split cord malformation. Genetically, the child was found to have a defect on chromosome 7q. To our knowledge, this ...
Mongia, S.
Intradural extramedullary epidermoid cysts are rare tumors especially those not associated with spinal dysraphism. We report 3 cases of spinal intradural extramedullary epidermoid cysts. In all the cases, the lesion was situated at dorsal level. The clinical features, MRI characteristics and surgical treatment of such rare intradural extramedullary benign tumors ...
Gaetani P - - 2004
Metastasis of renal clear cell carcinoma to the spinal cord are quite rare. Intradural localization causing a cauda equina syndrome has been previously reported only in two cases. The present report details the clinical, surgical and neuroradiological findings of a third case requiring emergency surgery, and presents data available from ...
Fountas Kostas N - - 2005
OBJECTS: The objectives were to present a case of pediatric spinal oligodendroglioma and review the existing literature written in English on the subject of human spinal oligodendrogliomas. A comparison of the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic characteristics, as they relate to those already described in similar cases, was also attempted. METHODS: ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Multiple surgical strategies exist for the management of the symptomatic Chiari II malformation. To date, no comprehensive analysis of this medical literature in an attempt to seek out standards or guidelines has been performed, thus serving as the impetus for this present review. METHODS: A computerized search of the ...
Rocchi G - - 2004
Case report and review of the literature. To describe two patients with angiolipoma in the ventral aspect of the lumbar epidural space, to discuss the clinical, radiologic, and surgical features of these lesions, and to review previously reported cases. Rome, Italy. Two cases, a 60-year-old man and a 54-year-old woman ...
Wills John H - - 2004
We describe a case of cauda equina syndrome caused by synovial cysts and the lithotomy position. A transurethral resection of the prostate was performed under spinal anesthesia in the lithotomy position. We believe that this is the first case report of facet joint synovial cysts and the lithotomy position causing ...
Uzüm Nüket - - 2005
CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 12-month-old boy with split-cord malformation, tethered cord, and intradural immature teratoma containing immature nephroblastic tissue. He also had a horseshoe kidney. OUTCOME: Surgical removal of the teratoma and tethered cord resulted in functional improvement of the existing bladder dysfunction. DISCUSSION: To our ...
Draganescu Mirela - - 2004
Spinal involvement is considered to be a rare complication of gout. We report a case of a 48-year-old woman with chronic tophaceous gout, recently desensitized to allopurinol, who presented with an L4 radiculopathy. A magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the lumbosacral spine revealed an extradural process at L4 level. Three ...
Siddiqui A A - - 2004
Intramedullary spinal schwannomas are extremely rare. We describe a case of a 13-year-old female who was found to have an intramedullary schwannoma at craniovertebral junction along with incidental bilateral acoustic neuromas, which was excised completely. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a case of intramedullary schwannoma in ...
Akyüz M - - 2004
Primitive neuro-ectodermal tumor (PNET) of the cauda equina is a rare entity. 18 cases have been reported in the literature so far, including 4 cases with intracranial seeding. Moreover parenchymal involvement of brain has never been reported as a form of intracranial seeding from PNET of the cauda equina. A ...
Kim Myoung Soo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Spinal subdural hematomas (SSH) are a rare cause of spinal cord compression. SSH following clipping of an aneurysm has only been reported once. We now report such a case and discuss the mechanism of SSH development after aneurysmal neck clipping. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 32-year-old man complained of lumbago 7 ...
Heavner James E - - 2004
We report the presence of yellow pigment (xanthosis) in the eqidural space of a patient with a chronic painful radiculopathy. A 55-year-old Caucasian male patient with a left L5, S1 radiculopathy underwent epiduroscopy and epidural neurolysis. Epiduroscopy findings in the area of the nerve root associated with the radiculopathy included ...
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