Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 902
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Kouyoumdjian João Aris - - 2005
X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy or Kennedy's disease is an adult-onset motor neuronopathy caused by a CAG repeat expansion within the first exon of an androgen receptor gene. We report the case of a 66-year-old man, previously diagnosed with motor neuron disease (MND), who presented acute and reversible left ...
Fogel Guy R - - 2005
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Symptomatic spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL), a rare cause of spinal cord compression, has most often been associated with exogenous steroid use. PURPOSE: Identify four associations with SEL, correlate the associated groups with level of disease and compare treatment with outcome data in these groups. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Case reports ...
Chooi Y S - - 2005
We report a case of vertebral osteochondroma of C1 causing cord compression and myelopathy in a patient with hereditary multiple exostosis. We highlight the importance of early diagnosis and the appropriate surgery in order to obtain a satisfactory outcome.
D'agapeyeff A - - 2005
A 72-year-old female underwent elective lumbar spinal decompression. At the end of the procedure an epidural catheter was sited by the surgeon under direct vision. A bolus of levobupivacaine was injected. Shortly after reaching the recovery area, the patient collapsed and required re-intubation and mechanical ventilation. She was extubated five ...
Oba Masahiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Convergent strabismus fixus is classified into congenital and acquired types; however, there are only a few detailed case reports of congenital convergent strabismus fixus. Here, we report a rare case of this condition in which the eyeball was shown by imaging diagnosis to be fixed with a hard cord-like ...
Donovan Daniel J - - 2005
Children born with a tail-like appendage have a rare malformation that is frequently associated with abnormalities of the spine and spinal cord. A contiguous fibrolipoma is usually seen extending from the subcutaneous portion of the tail into the inferior spinal cord, resulting in tethered cord syndrome. We present the case ...
Drut Ricardo - - 2005
Several types of tissues have been reported to present ectopically in the umbilical cord (UC). Most of these are found in the UC proximal to the fetus. Featuring tissues are developmentally related to the area, thus representing vestigial remnants. In this report we describe the recognition of neurons and nerves ...
Smoliga J - - 2005
An eight-year-old, female spayed, domestic shorthair cat presented with a three-week history of progressive general proprioceptive ataxia and upper motor neuron paresis of the hindlimbs. Computed tomography revealed a mediastinal mass invading the vertebral canal with the T1 spinal nerve and roots, causing extramedullary compression of the cranial thoracic spinal ...
Inci Servet - - 2005
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) of spinal origin is a rare entity accounting for approximately 1% of all cases of SAH. Its most frequent causes are trauma and vascular malformations. Although primary spinal tumors, especially ependymomas, are also relatively common causes, SAH secondary to a metastatic spinal tumor arising from outside the ...
Husain Huma - - 2005
This is a case report of Mr S, a 43-year-old man with a spinal cord lesion caused by tuberculosis resulting in incomplete paraplegia. He was discharged from hospital with significant residual disability. He received a major part of his rehabilitation in the community from an interdisciplinary neuro rehabilitation team with ...
O'Connor Peter J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To forecast annual numbers of cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) and to assess the effect on case mix. DESIGN: Cohort of incident cases from 1986 to 1997, with forecasting to 2021. SETTING: Australian cases registered by treatment centers for the acute care and rehabilitation of SCI patients. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Lampen Russell - - 2005
Bacteria in the Streptococcus milleri group (S. anginosus, S. constellatus, and S. intermedius) are associated with bacteremia and abscess formation. While most reports of Streptococcus milleri group (SMG) infection occur in patients with underlying medical conditions, SMG infections during pregnancy have been documented. However, SMG infections in pregnant women are ...
Botwin Kenneth P - - 2004
Epidural lipomatosis has been implicated as a cause or contributor of symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis. Although epidural steroid injections have been very successful for symptomatic treatment of spinal stenosis; their role in treatment of symptomatic stenosis secondary to epidural lipomatosis is unclear. A review literature (MEDLINE, PubMed) found no reports ...
Sharma M C - - 2005
The occurrence of an extrarenal Wilms tumor in the lumbosacral region is an extremely uncommon condition. We report a case of Wilms tumor in the lumbosacral region that was associated with diastematomyelia and occult spina bifida. An 18-month-old girl presented with a swelling over the lower back with a tuft ...
Goh Brian K P - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report. OBJECTIVE: A rare case of epidural emphysema secondary to traumatic pneumomediastinum in the absence of pneumothorax is reported. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Epidural air secondary to traumatic pneumomediastinum in the absence of pneumothorax has only been reported previously by Willing. Other causes of ...
Joseph G - - 2004
Case report. To report a case of spinal cord infarction after a self-inflicted needle stick injury, following an injection of heroin into the cord. National spinal injury unit in a Scottish University teaching hospital, Glasgow, UK. A 20-year-old male, injected street heroin accidentally into the cord through the left side ...
Aydin M Volkan - - 2004
Primary intraspinal primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are rare tumors and a have poor prognosis. In reviews of the literature, it is seen that primary intraspinal PNETs may arise at all levels of the spine and may be intramedullary, intradural-extramedullary, or epidural. Spinal epidural location of PNET is extremely rare and ...
Mohammadianpanah Mohammad - - 2004
Hemangiopericytoma is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm that rarely affects the spinal canal. Primary malignant hemangiopericytoma of the spinal column is extremely rare. We report on a case of primary epidural malignant hemangiopericytoma of the thoracic spinal column that invaded vertebral bone and caused spinal cord compression in a 21-year-old man. ...
Cullen David J - - 2004
Spinal epidural hematoma in the absence of coagulopathy or anticoagulation therapy is an extremely rare occurrence, with a reported incidence of less than 1 in 1 million. We present seven cases of documented epidural hematoma in the absence of coagulopathy or anticoagulation therapy to alert the clinician to consider spinal ...
Bhowmick B - - 2004
We believe this to be the first case report of VCD occurring in a patient with an underlying unilateral paralysis of the vocal cord. VCD, though rare, should be considered in any patient presenting as asthma who does not respond to conventional treatment. Physicians need to remain aware of the ...
Kwon Jee-Hyun - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sparganosis is a rare parasitic infection affecting various organs, including the central nervous system. In rare cases, sparganosis may involve the spinal cord, usually at the thoracic area. We herein report, to our knowledge, the first case of sparganosis presenting as a conus medullaris lesion and review the literature ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2004
We report an infant born with lumbosacral agenesis, a subcutaneous lumbosacral mass, and a solitary median maxillary incisor. Operatively, a lipomyelomeningocele was noted to extend from the dorsal hemicord of a split cord malformation. Genetically, the child was found to have a defect on chromosome 7q. To our knowledge, this ...
Mongia, S.
Intradural extramedullary epidermoid cysts are rare tumors especially those not associated with spinal dysraphism. We report 3 cases of spinal intradural extramedullary epidermoid cysts. In all the cases, the lesion was situated at dorsal level. The clinical features, MRI characteristics and surgical treatment of such rare intradural extramedullary benign tumors ...
Gaetani P - - 2004
Metastasis of renal clear cell carcinoma to the spinal cord are quite rare. Intradural localization causing a cauda equina syndrome has been previously reported only in two cases. The present report details the clinical, surgical and neuroradiological findings of a third case requiring emergency surgery, and presents data available from ...
Fountas Kostas N - - 2005
OBJECTS: The objectives were to present a case of pediatric spinal oligodendroglioma and review the existing literature written in English on the subject of human spinal oligodendrogliomas. A comparison of the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic characteristics, as they relate to those already described in similar cases, was also attempted. METHODS: ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Multiple surgical strategies exist for the management of the symptomatic Chiari II malformation. To date, no comprehensive analysis of this medical literature in an attempt to seek out standards or guidelines has been performed, thus serving as the impetus for this present review. METHODS: A computerized search of the ...
Rocchi G - - 2004
Case report and review of the literature. To describe two patients with angiolipoma in the ventral aspect of the lumbar epidural space, to discuss the clinical, radiologic, and surgical features of these lesions, and to review previously reported cases. Rome, Italy. Two cases, a 60-year-old man and a 54-year-old woman ...
Wills John H - - 2004
We describe a case of cauda equina syndrome caused by synovial cysts and the lithotomy position. A transurethral resection of the prostate was performed under spinal anesthesia in the lithotomy position. We believe that this is the first case report of facet joint synovial cysts and the lithotomy position causing ...
Uzüm Nüket - - 2005
CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 12-month-old boy with split-cord malformation, tethered cord, and intradural immature teratoma containing immature nephroblastic tissue. He also had a horseshoe kidney. OUTCOME: Surgical removal of the teratoma and tethered cord resulted in functional improvement of the existing bladder dysfunction. DISCUSSION: To our ...
Draganescu Mirela - - 2004
Spinal involvement is considered to be a rare complication of gout. We report a case of a 48-year-old woman with chronic tophaceous gout, recently desensitized to allopurinol, who presented with an L4 radiculopathy. A magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the lumbosacral spine revealed an extradural process at L4 level. Three ...
Siddiqui A A - - 2004
Intramedullary spinal schwannomas are extremely rare. We describe a case of a 13-year-old female who was found to have an intramedullary schwannoma at craniovertebral junction along with incidental bilateral acoustic neuromas, which was excised completely. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a case of intramedullary schwannoma in ...
Akyüz M - - 2004
Primitive neuro-ectodermal tumor (PNET) of the cauda equina is a rare entity. 18 cases have been reported in the literature so far, including 4 cases with intracranial seeding. Moreover parenchymal involvement of brain has never been reported as a form of intracranial seeding from PNET of the cauda equina. A ...
Kim Myoung Soo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Spinal subdural hematomas (SSH) are a rare cause of spinal cord compression. SSH following clipping of an aneurysm has only been reported once. We now report such a case and discuss the mechanism of SSH development after aneurysmal neck clipping. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 32-year-old man complained of lumbago 7 ...
Heavner James E - - 2004
We report the presence of yellow pigment (xanthosis) in the eqidural space of a patient with a chronic painful radiculopathy. A 55-year-old Caucasian male patient with a left L5, S1 radiculopathy underwent epiduroscopy and epidural neurolysis. Epiduroscopy findings in the area of the nerve root associated with the radiculopathy included ...
Samdani A F - - 2004
Spinal angiolipomas are rare lesions usually found in the epidural space of the thoracic spine. This report presents a case of and reviews the literature on this rare entity. The etiology, clinical presentation, imaging, and treatment are discussed. In 92 reported cases of spinal angiolipoma 56 occurred in women (61%), ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2005
We report an 11-year-old boy who fell from an All Terrain Vehicle and sustained multiple minor soft tissue contusions and a small midthoracic laceration. Irrigation and closure of the small wound was performed at another hospital. There was no history of a penetrating wound. Within 48 h of injury, the ...
Satyarthee G D - - 2004
Ganglioglioma can involve any part of the central nervous system. Mostly ganglioglioma occur in temporal lobe. Spinal cord ganglioglioma is a very rare entity. We report two cases of cervico-dorsal region ganglioglioma, who underwent complete surgical excision. In the postoperative period they had transient deterioration of their neurological status that ...
Salehi S A - - 2004
A case report of thoracic spinal cord compression in a 34-year-old male with beta-thalassemia is reported. In patients with thalassemia, neurologic complaints should lead to a high index of suspicion for spinal cord compression from marrow expansion, ectopic bone formation and resultant stenosis. Initial presentation, diagnosis, radiographic findings, surgical treatment ...
Nowak Dennis A - - 2004
Forty nine consecutive cases of acute myelopathy were related to the following pathologies: 31 MS, four spinal cord infarction, four parainfectious, one antiphospolipid syndrome and nine of unknown origin. Sensory deficits were most frequent in MS and in myelopathy of unknown origin. In spinal cord infarction motor deficits and sphincter ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2004
OBJECT: Historically, cutaneous stigmata representative of occult spinal dysraphism (OSD) have included lumbar hemangiomas. Frequently, this skin change is found in conjunction with other cutaneous alterations such as dermal sinus tracts and subcutaneous lipomas. Debate has recently surrounded the question of whether these skin changes in isolation might indicate underlying ...
Milathianakis Konstantinos N - - 2004
Neurofibromas, which arise from perineural and Schwann cells, commonly occur throughout the body, but they rarely have been reported to originate from the spermatic cord. The solitary neurofibroma is a localized tumour that, by definition, occurs in patients who do not have von Recklinghausen's disease. Its exact incidence is unknown ...
West John B - - 2004
An account of the classic balloon ascent to over 29,000 ft (8840 m) by J. Glaisher and H. T. Coxwell on September 5, 1862, appeared in The Lancet and is reproduced here. Glaisher reported paralysis of his arms and legs and sudden loss of sight. Coxwell also lost the use ...
Jarmundowicz Włodzimierz - - 2004
The coincidence of split cord malformation (SCM) and intraspinal teratoma is an extremely uncommon condition. We report a case of a neurologically asymptomatic 13-year-old girl with a 5-year history of progressive scoliosis. The routinely performed MRI revealed SCM at levels L1-L2, tethering of the spinal cord at levels L4-L5 and ...
Velickovic Ivan A - - 2004
The anesthetic management of labor and delivery in patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy is not well defined. Using continuous spinal anesthesia with bupivacaine or combined spinal epidural anesthesia with ropivacaine in such rare clinical situations has not been previously reported. We present two cases in which parturients with the diagnosis of ...
Alanay Ahmet - - 2003
STUDY DESIGN: A case report. OBJECTIVES: To report a late neurologic compromise caused by pulling-out of thoracic pedicle screws. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although screw misplacement is quite common, only few neurologic injuries have been reported because of penetration of the medial wall of pedicles in the thoracic spine. To ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2003
The authors report a patient with type II split cord malformation (SCM) and Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS). Considering our review of the medical literature and present case report, we believe lumbar SCM and KFS in the same patient not to be coincidental findings but rather embryologically related entities. We propose that ...
Sarkar Chitra - - 2003
A case of cervical spine intramedullary subependymoma in a 52-year-old female is reported. Also, the relevant literature on the 40 cases reported till date is reviewed. Magnetic resonance imaging, even with enhancement, does not show any distinctive features making pre-operative diagnosis often difficult. These tumours are eccentrically located within the ...
Falco Frank J E - - 2003
STUDY DESIGN: A series of six case reports. OBJECTIVE: The case reports demonstrate successful use of gadolinium contrast for visualization of spinal injection procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A variety of spinal injection procedures were performed with gadolinium contrast. Adequate visualization was accomplished with gadolinium in performing these injections and ...
Yanik Burcu - - 2004
We report a case of neuropathic arthropathy caused by Arnold-Chiari malformation with syringomyelia, with details of the clinical and radiologic aspects. The patient had pain and stiffness in his left upper limb. MRI of the left shoulder revealed neuropathic arthropathy. Upon examination, his left elbow also had the characteristic findings ...
Stendel R - - 2003
Chronic spinal epidural haematomas are very rare and have been reported to occur only in the lumbar region. They usually become symptomatic through radicular pain or neurogenic claudication. The epidural bleeding is thought to originate from a rupture of an epidural vein due to a sudden increase in intra-abdominal pressure ...
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