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Abdelsalam Seif E Ashiery - - 2006
Congenital vaginouterine prolapse is a rare condition occurring in neonates and is usually associated with spinal cord malformations in about 80% of cases. Several modalities of treatment have been described for neonatal genital prolapse (NGP). Conservative treatment in the form of simple digital reduction, usage of a pessary or other ...
Yamazaki M - - 2006
Case report. To report a case with thoracic myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF), in which postoperative paralysis occurred after laminectomy and was reversed after an additional posterior instrumented fusion. A University Hospital in Japan. A 71-year-old woman, with ...
Shiraishi Naoki - - 2006
We investigated 60 cadavers to examine the accurate location of conus medullaris, lower end of dura mater, and intercrestal line (Jacoby's line). Jacoby's line was established using the method described by Jacoby GW (1899). Then the intersection of this line and vertical line through the spinous processes was marked by ...
Sapkas George S - - 2006
Spinal hydatid disease is a not uncommon cause of spinal cord compression in endemic countries; however, involvement of the epidural space with sparing of the vertebral column is rare. Early diagnosis and surgical decompression with total removal of the hydatid lesion, when possible, is generally considered the standard of care ...
Bakir Abdurrahman - - 2006
Cavernous angiomas or cavernomas are uncommon vascular malformations of the central nervous system and spinal involvement is much rarer especially in pediatric patients. We report a case of spinal intradural-intramedullary cavernous angioma in a 14-year-old male child. The cavernoma was located at the level of C6-C7 at the dorsal part ...
van Tuil Cornelia - - 2006
To report a case of accidental decapitation of a persistent omphaloenteric duct (POD) in congenital hernia of the umbilical cord in a newborn male. The newborn was transferred to an intensive care unit, where under closer inspection the diagnosis of an omphalocele was presumed. Surgical exploration at our Pediatric Surgical ...
Giudicissi-Filho Miguel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hereditary multiple exostosis is a benign disorder characterized by multiple osteochondromas affecting long and flat bones, although occasionally vertebral column involvement can be seen. Cervical spinal cord compression in HME is a rare condition. The objective of this manuscript is to describe a rare case of cervical myelopathy due ...
Maturo Stephen - - 2006
We present in this case report the return to flying duty of a pilot with vocal cord paralysis secondary to removal of a thymoma. We discuss the importance of glottic function as it pertains to the unique aviation environment. We also discuss the anatomy and physiology of the glottis, the ...
Bala Arul - - 2006
Chondromyxoid fibroma of bone (CMF) is a rare benign primary bone neoplasm accounting for less than 0.5% of all primary bone neoplasms. The spine is an uncommon site for this tumour, with forty-two cases reported in the modern English literature. They have clinical features similar to CMF arising at other ...
Takahashi Masaaki - - 2006
Primary germinomas in the spinal cord are very rare with only 15 cases published previously. In this case a 22-year-old woman with urinary incontinence, lumbago, and bilateral leg pain and weakness was found to have a solid tumor in the conus medullaris between the L1 and L2 vertebral bodies. Serum ...
Hooten W Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective is to document the first case report of discitis after a lumbar epidural corticosteroid injection. The second objective is to analyze the case report literature to identify clinical features and trends of patients with infectious complications after spinal injections. DESIGN: Single case report. A MEDLINE and ...
Stevens Quails E - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Single case report and extensive literature review. OBJECTIVES: To present the first such report of cervical cord contusion after the percutaneous placement of gold-seed fiducials. The pathomechanics and surgical recommendations are reviewed. BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injuries are well documented in the medical literature. These injuries range from cord ...
Shem Kazuko L - - 2006
Neuroarthropathy, also known as Charcot joint, is most commonly seen in the spine and other weight-bearing joints in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). It is rarely seen in the joints of the upper extremities because the pathophysiology of the neuroarthropathy is thought to be significant repetitive trauma such as ...
Craft David - - 2005
The purpose of this study is to calculate Pareto surfaces in multi-criteria radiation treatment planning and to analyse the dependency of the Pareto surfaces on the objective functions used for the volumes of interest. We develop a linear approach that allows us to calculate truly Pareto optimal treatment plans, and ...
Quebada Patricia B - - 2005
The authors present the case of an 11-year-old girl who fell from standing height and experienced sudden cardiorespiratory arrest. A Chiari malformation Type I and a dolichoodontoid process were identified, and a brainstem contusion was found that correlated with the patient's clinical signs and symptoms. The authors hypothesize that the ...
Hamlat Abderrahmane - - 2005
The concept of hemorrhage in a preexisting syringomyelic cavity was first described by Gowers in 1904. Since its first description only 13 cases have been reported. The aims of this report are to describe a new case, bring this entity to wider attention, and summarize the existing literature on the ...
Miyazaki Masashi - - 2005
We report a case of spinal epidural hematoma after removal of an epidural catheter. The patient had no background of anticoagulant therapy or coagulopathy; sudden severe back pain occurred immediately after removal of the catheter. The chance of this occurring is estimated to be between 1:150,000 and 1:190,000. We studied ...
Setz A C W - - 2005
We report a case of a child who was scheduled for an emergency ventriculoperitoneal shunt procedure. The patient had a type II Arnold-Chiari malformation (ACM) and associated hydrocephalus and presented with near complete respiratory obstruction from bilateral abductor vocal cord palsy. Early diagnosis and management of airway abnormalities associated with ...
Pai S Balaji - - 2006
OBJECTS: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEDH) is rare in children below the age of 2 years. It can produce rapidly progressive neurological deficits. METHODS: The authors report a case of SSEDH in a 15-month-old boy diagnosed by MRI. Suspension laminotomy and evacuation of the clot were done 48 h after ...
Balaban Birol - - 2006
Ochronotic spondyloarthropathy is a rare metabolic disease with the musculoskeletal manifestations of alkaptonuria. Ochronotic arthropathy patients may have spinal abnormalities similar to ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The proof of sacroiliac involvement or bamboo spine appearance is not sufficient either for diagnosis of ankylosing spondilitis or exclusion of ochronosis. In this report, ...
Vaishya Sandeep - - 2006
Spinal teratomas are extremely rare tumours, and their association with split cord malformation is even rarer. This is a case report of an infant with a large teratoma with a lipomyelomeningocele along with a split cord malformation and with an unusual accessory penis and scrotum on the back over the ...
Pang Boon Chuan - - 2005
Ganglioneuromas are rare benign tumours, which may affect any part of the spine and spinal cord. They occasionally grow to a large size but total excision using microsurgical techniques is often possible, and may be curative. This case report illustrates the clinical and histopathological features of two rare giant ganglioneuromas ...
Vitarbo Elizabeth A - - 2005
The authors describe the case of a 62-year-old woman with a Type II split cord malformation (SCM). At the initial time of workup, the authors observed an associated Klippel-Feil deformity at the level of the SCM and a low-lying conus medullaris; however, they discovered an associated Type IV perimedullary spinal ...
Aquilina Kristian - - 2005
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EH) is a rare tumor of vascular origin. The authors describe two cases of spinal EH, one involving the T-10 vertebra and the second involving the upper cervical spine. In the first case the patient underwent resection of the tumor; this case represents the longest reported follow-up period ...
Agrawal Abhishek - - 2006
Cryptococcal spinal arachnoiditis occurs in patients with meningitis and usually when they are immunocompromised. Spinal symptoms in cryptococcosis are rare and a very exceptional entity in the immunocompetent population. We present a young immunocompetent male who developed progressively increasing paraparesis due to primary cryptococcal arachnoiditis, who showed significant improvement after ...
Dickerman Rob D - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Case report with review of the literature. OBJECTIVES: To present the first case of a central cord syndrome occurring after adequate decompression, and review the mechanics of the cervical spinal cord injury and postoperative biomechanical and anatomic changes occurring after cervical decompressive laminectomy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical ...
Suri Ashish - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: It is very rare for split cord malformation to be associated with intraspinal teratoma, and it is even rarer for such tumors in the dorsal spine to extend into the mediastinum. CASE REPORT: The authors describe a spinal teratoma with mediastinal extension in an 8-year-old boy who presented with ...
Farin Azadeh - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Spinal epidural metastases are the most common spinal tumor, occurring in 10% of cancer patients. Malignant thymoma is a mediastinal tumor, with extrathoracic metastases occurring in 15% of patients to liver, kidney, and bone. Spinal metastasis is exceptionally rare. We present a case of thymoma with extradural metastasis and ...
Mutlu Hakan - - 2005
Epidural pneumatosis and pneumomediastinum may occur after the inhalation of "Ecstasy" (methylenedioxymetamphetamine), but only one case has been reported in the literature. We report the case of a 21- year-old male patient who presented with epidural pneumatosis and pneumomediastinum. Chest CT demonstrated the pneumomediastinum and multiple air bubbles within the ...
Kotil Kadir - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Condylus occipitalis is presented in postmortem anatomic studies. There is no clinical study in the literature. Myelopathy due to anomalies of the craniovertebral junction is rare in neurosurgical practices. To our knowledge, myelopathy due to condylus occipitalis has not been reported before. Deaths of two cases were previously reported, ...
Natale Massimo - - 2005
Metastatic involvement of the cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) pathway in oligodendrogliomas is not uncommon; however, symptomatic involvement of the spinal cord is very rare: less of 10 cases have been published. To our knowledge, an intracranial oligodendroglioma presenting with symptoms of drop metastases in the cauda equina has never been reported. ...
Unal A - - 2005
A case report with review of literature since 1961. Departments of Neurology and Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak, Turkey. A 22-year-old male patient diagnosed and treated as mumps encephalomyelitis is described. The clinical findings of the patient and the difficulties in differential diagnosis are discussed with the ...
Reznik Mark - - 2005
A man in his mid thirties presented with lower-extremity weakness and spasticity because of a myelopathy caused by a rare disorder of bone known as melorheostosis. The primary pathology involved was compression of the cord at the cervicothoracic levels by dystrophic osseous formation within the vertebral bodies. Based on a ...
Suh Sang-Il - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of intracranial hypotension ensuing after a spinal chiropractic manipulation leading to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) isodense effusion in the upper cervical and thoracic spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The etiology of intracranial hypotension is not fully understood, but CSF leakage from spinal ...
Brockmann Marc A - - 2005
Supratentorial subdural hematoma is a well-known complication following spinal interventions. Less often, spinal or supratentorial interventions cause remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH). The exact pathomechanism accounting for RCH remains unclear, but an interventional or postinterventional loss of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) seems to be involved in almost all cases. Hemorrhage is often ...
Medhkour Azedine - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Spinal glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an uncommon entity and metastases are extremely rare. Glioblastoma multiforme of the conus medullaris is a rare and highly aggressive entity that can quickly progress to a dismal state. Proper diagnosis via histopathologic and immunochemical staining with close clinical and radiological follow-up is important ...
Al-Ghatany Mubarak - - 2005
Subacute posttraumatic ascending myelopathy (SPAM) is a rare disorder that may gradually emerge in the first 1 to 3 weeks after a spinal cord injury and is unrelated to syrinx formation or mechanical instability. In addition to several theories that have been put forth to explain the origin of this ...
Jea Andrew - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Spinal epidural hematoma is a rare cause of spinal cord compression and acute para- or quadriplegia. Traumatic spinal epidural hematomas are usually seen in older men with a history of ankylosing spondylitis and vertebral fracture. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas are commonly associated with coagulopathies, tumors, or vascular ...
van Aalst J - - 2005
METHODS: A patient is described in which a complete osteofibrotic dorsally implanted septum was found in combination with a split cord malformation in a single dural tube. This case cannot be explained using the widely used theory as proposed by Pang et al. [Pang D, Dias MS, Ahab-Barmada M (1992) ...
Dwarakanath Srinivas - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: First published report of an adult complex spinal dysraphism with situs inversus. OBJECTIVES: To describe a previously asymptomatic adult patient of multiple vertebral anomalies with cervical split cord malformation type II, tethering of the spinal cord (cervical and lumbar), and intraspinal arachnoid cyst along with dextrocardia and situs ...
Tuna H - - 2005
Chordomas are rare tumors and they may arise anywhere along the spinal column and clival bone. The vast majority of tumors are found at skull base and sacrum. Chordomas involving the lumbar spine are rare. Approximately 6% of spinal chordomas originate in the lumbar vertebrae. We report a case of ...
Hargett Christopher - - 2005
Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy is a benign lymphoproliferative disorder growing in frequency as awareness of the disease increases. Also known as Rosai-Dorfman disease, it typically presents as painless cervical lymphadenopathy with fever and malaise. A review of the literature reveals approximately 400 cases of extranodal involvement and approximately 44 ...
Dwarakanath Srinivas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Intracranial cysts containing an ectopic choroid plexus or choroid plexus-like tissue have seldom been described in the literature. However, there has been no report of a spinal intramedullary cyst containing an ectopic choroid plexus. This is the first case report in the available literature of an ectopic ...
Mohit A Alex - - 2005
Charcot spinal arthropathy has been described as a late complication of spinal cord injury. In patients with these injuries in whom the spine below the level of injury is insensate, joint trauma can progress until spinal instability ensues. The authors describe the case of a 50-year-old man with complete C-8 ...
Kazakos G - - 2005
The objective of this study was to evaluate the duration and severity of neurological dysfunction as prognostic indicators for the final outcome in 30 dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease, treated surgically with hemilaminectomy without concurrent prophylactic fenestration. The lesion localization was assessed comparing plain radiographic, myelographic and surgical findings ...
Jaiswal Awadhesh Kumar - - 2005
Myelocystocele is a variety of occult spinal dysraphism that is characterized by a localized, cystic dilatation of the terminal part of the central canal that then herniates through a posterior spina bifida. We describe a series of eight cases of myelocystocele. The clinical and radiological features and treatment are discussed ...
Bess R Shay - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of spinal exostoses treated at our institution and literature review. OBJECTIVES: Review of 12 cases of spinal exostoses treated at our institution compared with 165 cases of spinal exostoses reported in the literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal exostoses are uncommon. Most reports consist of 1 ...
Jacob Jeffrey T - - 2005
We present a case of intramedullary spinal gangliocytoma in a 19-year-old woman who presented with a long history of hyperhidrosis of the face and neck areas and intermittent pain of the hands. The tumor involved the cervico-thoracic region of the spinal cord from C7-T3. The patient underwent debulking of the ...
Pan Shin-Liang - - 2005
Intracerebral hemorrhage is an unusual complication of autonomic dysreflexia and can be fatal if massive bleeding occurs with brain herniation. We report the case of a man in his midthirties with incomplete tetraplegia who suffered right putaminal hemorrhage during an episode of autonomic dysreflexia. Prompt recognition and removal of the ...
Silva José Alberto Gonçalves da - - 2005
In most series of neoplasms of the spinal canal, spinal cord and its leptomeninges, the incidence of meningioma group comprises approximately 25%. The incidence of multiple meningiomas is small when compared with the frequency of its single occurrence. In the majority of cases, their multiplicity is intracranial and spinal. Multiple ...
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