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Results 201 - 250 of 919
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Webber Emily C - - 2007
Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (LAD-1), a rare disorder of neutrophil function, is classically characterised by delayed umbilical cord separation. We report a case of LAD-1 in a female infant whose umbilical cord separated within 2 weeks of birth and review the literature pertaining to the timing of umbilical cord ...
Pettorini Benedetta Ludovica - - 2007
Accessory human tails are uncommon malformations consisting of meningeal and neural structures and possibly occult spinal dysraphism (pseudotails). The thoracic location of a lipomeningocele constituting a pseudotail is very rare. The authors report the case of a young boy harboring a thoracic dorsal appendage consisting of a lipomeningocele and a ...
Al-Khayat Haitham - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord/root compression is a rare complication of HL and usually seen in the setting of progressive, advanced disease. It is extremely rare to occur as an initial presentation of HL. We report a case of HL presented with bilateral cervical radiculopathy. METHODS: A case report of a 42-year-old ...
Keshavarzi Sepideh - - 2007
The simultaneous presence of multiple spinal neural tube defects is unusual. There have been only a few of these cases reported in the literature. The authors report on three cases of double spina bifida cystica. One patient had two myelomeningoceles (MMCs) at the cervical and lumbosacral regions, one was noted ...
Anderson D W - - 2007
We describe a middle-aged woman who inserted a sewing needle into her spinal cord in an attempt at performing her own acupuncture. Reports of neurologic injury are rare in the literature, despite the widespread use of acupuncture. This is the first case we have identified involving spinal cord injury from ...
Lam H Y - - 2007
Gout or pseudogout, caused by deposition of crystals, rarely affects the spine. We report 4 cases with gout or pseudogout in the lumbar spine. Two had cauda equina syndrome and another 2 had spinal stenosis. To avoid unnecessary surgery, this should be considered in the differential diagnosis when treating patients ...
Vernon V - - 2007
Involvement of cervical spinal cord by Actinomycosis and consequent cord compression is a rare presentation. As the organism is located in nose and throat, the face and jaw area is commonly affected. Involvement of cervical cord has been rarely recorded. We are reporting this case because of the rarity of ...
Naderi Sait - - 2007
Although there are many reports regarding the spinal surgical applications before the 19th century, the definition of spinal disorders and application of the most novel surgical techniques have been performed in last 2 centuries. Lumbar spinal stenosis was reported in the first half of the 20th century. The definition of ...
Helmy Adel - - 2007
Spontaneous haemorrhage within or compressing the spinal cord is a rare condition that requires emergency investigation and treatment. Such a case presenting with rapidly progressive flaccid quadriparesis, with subsequent ventilatory failure is reported. In this case the patient probably had an unfortunate complication of hypertension and over-anticoagulation.
Naidu Madhusudhan - - 2007
The umbilical cord acts as a mechanical conduit between the fetus and placenta, allowing movement of water and nutrient substances between the fetal circulation and the amniotic fluid. Complications can occur antenatally or intranatally and are usually acute events that require immediate delivery to prevent intrauterine death. Even though the ...
Goonewardene S S - - 2007
We present the case of a 31 year old British soldier who sustained a high energy gunshot injury to the neck with delayed onset tetraplegia. The bullet's transcervical track was subsequently shown to have had no direct contact with the spinal cord, but four to five minutes after injury the ...
Abram Harry S - - 2007
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas are a rare cause of spinal cord compression. These are typically isolated events. Recurrent spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas have been reported only in two instances in adults. There have been no reports of recurrent spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas involving a child. This report details the case ...
Porensky Paul - - 2007
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Diastematomyelia is a split-cord malformation often accompanied by other cord or column anomalies. PURPOSE: To report on an adult patient with diastematomyelia and discuss the embryological basis and related developmental sequelae of this split-cord malformation. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: A summary of the management of a 54-year-old ...
Harmon A - - 2007
We report a case of stridor in a 32 year old woman. Initial laryngoscopy demonstrated adduction of the vocal cords on inspiration, which reverted to abduction on induction of general anaesthesia. The airway was structurally normal. The most likely diagnosis was paradoxical vocal cord motion, a condition in which psychological ...
Debnath Ujjwal K - - 2007
The authors report a rare case of rotational dislocation of the thoracolumbar spine in a 12-year-old girl with neurofibromatosis Type 1. The patient had progressive spinal kyphoscoliosis with acute-onset paraplegia. She was treated with corrective traction preoperatively, followed by spinal decompression and circumferential spinal fusion without instrumentation. She had complete ...
Avilés-Hernández Israel - - 2007
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Ischemic nontraumatic spinal cord injury associated with surfing is a novel diagnosis believed to be related to prolonged spine hyperextension while lying prone on the surfboard. Only 9 cases have been documented. This report features possible risk factors, etiology, diagnostic imaging, and outcomes of surfer's myelopathy. DESIGN: Case report. ...
Blount Jeffrey P - - 2007
In certain highly selected circumstances, division of a distally nonfunctional or dysfunctional cord can be a means of definitive untethering that spares and protects more rostral neurological function and results in definitive untethering. The authors reviewed their institutional experience with such cases and evaluated the limited literature. Based on their ...
Cağavi Ferda - - 2007
Migration of a bullet within the spinal canal after gunshot injury is rare. We report here the case of a penetrating gunshot injury of the lumbar spine at L3 with migration of the bullet within the spinal canal S2. The patient had marked paraparesis (proximal 1/5, distal 0/5 muscle strength) ...
Vendrame Martina - - 2007
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), regarded as a distinct clinical entity from multiple sclerosis (MS), is generally characterized by demyelinating lesions involving optic nerves and spinal cord with sparing of the brain. We report a case with initial clinical, radiological and serological features consistent with NMO, but with concomitant extensively clinical and ...
Al Kaissi Ali - - 2007
This is a case report of a 48-year-old-woman with scoliosis since early childhood. Recent radiographic spinal assessment revealed the presence of distinctive spinal abnormalities. To the best of our knowledge this is the first clinical report describing a constellation of unusual changes in an elderly woman with a history of ...
Tederko Piotr - - 2006
Spinal cord trauma (SCT) results local and generalized complications involving cardio-respiratory system, musculo-skeletal system, digestive and urogenital tracts. Early beginning of vertical position training improves functioning and reduces risk of these complications. Wheelchair position is an important achievement in early rehabilitation of (SCT) patients. Sitting allows locomotion, enhances upper limb ...
Bouree Patrice - - 2006
Cysticercosis caused by the infection with the larva of Taenia solium, common through out the world, is located in the muscles, the eyes and the central nervous system, but mostly in the brain. Spinal cord infection is rare. The authors report a case of a young girl, living in Paris ...
Perera N R P - - 2006
Spinal abnormalities such as kyphoscoliosis and vertebral scalloping are frequent occurrences in type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1). We report this rare case of posterior displacement of C3 vertebral body into the spinal canal causing severe cord compression associated with neurofibromatosis in a 13-year old girl. She underwent anterior excision of C3 ...
Karaca Metehan - - 2006
Cases of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) metastasizing to the leptomeninx or the intramedullary spine are quite rare and prognoses are relatively poor. We present three cases of GBM with spinal metastasis, one of which also had leptomeningeal dissemination. Three patients with GBM were admitted to our clinic for postoperative radiotherapy after ...
Rossi Roger P RP Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, Edison, New Jersey 08818, - - 2006
We report a case of severe dysphagia in a 29-yr-old woman with cerebral palsy after she was injected with botulinum toxin B to her lower limbs and lumbar paraspinal muscles. Four days after the treatment, she developed difficulty swallowing, more severe for solid foods than for liquids, accompanied by dry ...
Er U - - 2007
Case report and review of the literature. To report an unusual case of a spinal intradural extramedullary cavernous angioma (CA), located at the cauda equina, and to compare it with the previously published 22 surgically treated cases in the literature. Ankara, Turkey. A 67-year-old man presented with a 4-month history ...
Jang Woo-Youl - - 2007
This report describes a 66-year-old man who presented with progressive paraparesis after a fall. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an acute spinal hematoma at T11-12 with spinal cord compression. The patient underwent an emergency left T11-12 hemilaminectomy. The hematoma was subarachnoid and the source of bleeding was an injured radicular vein. ...
Shoja M M - - 2006
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a morphologically ill-defined tumour of the soft tissues and may involve nearly every organ of the body. MFH of the spermatic cord represents an extremely rare entity and reports of it in the literature are limited. We report a 69-year-old man found to have a ...
Harrop James S - - 2006
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical spinal trauma can result in a heterogeneous collection of spinal cord injury syndromes. Acute traumatic central cord syndrome is a common category of which no uniform consensus on the etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment exists. PURPOSE: To evaluate and review potential pathophysiology, current treatment options, and management of ...
Larson David B - - 2006
Pilocytic astrocytomas are among the most common intramedullary spinal cord tumors in the pediatric age group. The presence of contrast enhancement is a major factor used to distinguish these tumors from other spinal cord lesions. We present a case of histologically proved non-enhancing intramedullary spinal cord pilocytic astrocytoma in a ...
Park Paul - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is infrequent, with an estimated incidence of 5 to 20 cases yearly per 100,000 people. Although multiple etiologies have been identified, infection and idiopathic SNHL are most common. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss after nonotologic noncardiac surgery is highly unusual, particularly after spinal surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: ...
Cline Erik C - - 2006
Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a respiratory condition characterized by the paradoxical closure of the vocal cords. This condition results in a myriad of symptoms that would be expected from an upper airway obstruction including anxiety, hyperventilation, wheezing, stridor, shortness of breath, dyspnea, and suprasternal and neck muscle retraction. with ...
Turgut M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spinal brucellosis continues to be the leading cause of morbidity from infectious disease in the infested regions of the world, particularly in the rural areas including Turkey. The purpose of this review was to present the Turkish experience by analyzing the literature on the management of spinal brucellosis during ...
Smarkusky Loren - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Epidural placement for obstetric anesthesia is a common procedure. Pneumocephalus, the introduction of air into the cranial cavity after epidural placement, is a rare complication encountered when air is used for identification of the epidural space. CASE: A 42-year-old primipara undergoing epidural placement reported sudden onset of severe headache ...
Chwajol Mark - - 2006
Congenital kyphosis Type I results from failure of formation of the vertebral body (VB). The clinical course is characterized by progressive deformity and neurological dysfunction unless the patient undergoes fusion. It has been postulated that failure of VB formation may be secondary to anomalies of the segmental arteries arising from ...
Izumi Kosuke - - 2006
We performed a retrospective review of the length of the umbilical cords of stillborn fetuses with renal agenesis, cystic kidneys, and bladder outlet obstruction and compared the cord length with normative data. Among the 41 cases, 31 had umbilical cord lengths that were shorter than average. However, the remaining 10 ...
Tournel Gilles - - 2006
A 25-year-old woman being treated for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was accidentally given vindesine intrathecally. The error was recognized immediately and a spinal cord washing was performed through syringing with isotonic saline. However, the patient died 6 weeks later with increasing paralysis, which was followed by neurologic failure. The deceased was autopsied ...
Garnier Arnaud - - 2007
Brachytelephalangic chondrodysplasia punctata (CDPX1, OMIM: #302950) is a rare congenital skeletal dysplasia caused by arylsulfatase E deficiency (OMIM: #300180). Although the symptoms are usually mild, severe spinal cord compression by dysplastic vertebras may develop. We report four new cases with severe cervical spinal canal narrowing documented by radiography, magnetic resonance ...
Kumandaş Sefer - - 2006
Torticollis is either congenital or acquired in childhood. Acquired torticollis is not a diagnosis but rather a sign of an underlying disorder. The causes of acquired torticollis include ligamentous, muscular, osseous, ocular, psychiatric, and neurologic disorders and may be a symptom of significant abnormalities of the spinal cord and brain, ...
Caroli E - - 2007
Case report and literature review. Intradural-extramedullary cavernoma is a rare condition with only 23 cases reported in the literature. Most cases described adhere to spinal root or spinal cord. We report an example of this rare entity located within the sheets of one cauda equina nerve root. Rome, Italy. The ...
Hasegawa J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of detecting the cord insertion site during the late first trimester, and to investigate the possible association between perinatal complications and a cord insertion in the lower third of the uterus in the first trimester. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in which the ...
Darbar Aneela - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Case report with review of the literature. OBJECTIVE: Symptomatic spinal cord herniation through ventral aspect of dura is frequently misdiagnosed because this condition is rare. The most frequent misdiagnosis was that of dorsal arachnoid cyst. The purpose of this article is to provide insight on clinical presentation, diagnosis, ...
Costa J - - 2006
Gangliogliomas are glioneuronal tumours of the young, and occur more frequently supratentorially. Among those uncommon cases in the spinal cord, the conus medullaris is an extremely rare site. We reviewed the literature of such cases and report another case of a ganglioglioma of the conus in a 13-year-old boy with ...
Togawa S - - 2006
Functional differentiation is found in the spinal cord. A unique set of neurological deficits follows a multi-focal injury. Clinically, sensory and motor disturbance present independently, often resulting in sensory and motor deficit dissociation. This study examined 103 spinal decompression illness (DCI) cases. The neurological deficit dissociation was classified as follows: ...
Paterakis Konstantinos N - - 2006
We present the case of a 62-year-old patient suffering from the presence of a cervical spinal cord intramedullary teratoma and treated operatively. The purpose of this case report is to describe the highly unusual localization of the intramedullary teratoma associated with other vertebral malformations. A review of the literature is ...
Scala A - - 2006
Taenia multiceps (Leske, 1780) is a taeniid cestode that in its adult stage lives in the small intestine of dogs and other canids. The metacestode, previously known as Coenurus cerebralis, is usually found in the nervous system including brain and spinal cord in sheep and other ruminants. The presence of ...
Berry Jesia G - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To estimate trends in incidence rates of rugby code-related severe cervical spinal cord injuries in New South Wales (NSW) from 1986 to 2003. To evaluate the Australian Spinal Cord Injury Register (ASCIR) for injury surveillance by comparison with two published studies. METHODS: Data were cases of complete and incomplete ...
Mohindra Sandeep - - 2006
The authors report a case of primary brainstem tethering, a component of a spinal dysraphic state, occurring in a 13-year-old girl. This patient also had associated hydrocephalus, a low-lying tethered cord, and a syrinx in her conus medullaris. The significance of imaging surveys of the craniospinal region and head in ...
Saleh Samer - - 2006
Sarcoidosis, which affects African Americans more than it does other racial/ethnic groups, only rarely manifests initially as spinal cord dysfunction. This paper presents the findings of eight patients with spinal cord dysfunction as part of a presentation of sarcoidosis. After reviewing these cases, we devised an algorithm to diagnose and ...
Schmidt B J - - 2006
Case report of a patient with subacute delayed myelopathy after an acute low thoracic spine injury. To draw awareness to a rarely described complication with potential to add devastating neurological insult to the original spinal cord injury, and to discuss evidence supporting a vascular mechanism. Health Science Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, ...
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