Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 902
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Blount Jeffrey P - - 2007
In certain highly selected circumstances, division of a distally nonfunctional or dysfunctional cord can be a means of definitive untethering that spares and protects more rostral neurological function and results in definitive untethering. The authors reviewed their institutional experience with such cases and evaluated the limited literature. Based on their ...
Cağavi Ferda - - 2007
Migration of a bullet within the spinal canal after gunshot injury is rare. We report here the case of a penetrating gunshot injury of the lumbar spine at L3 with migration of the bullet within the spinal canal S2. The patient had marked paraparesis (proximal 1/5, distal 0/5 muscle strength) ...
Vendrame Martina - - 2007
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), regarded as a distinct clinical entity from multiple sclerosis (MS), is generally characterized by demyelinating lesions involving optic nerves and spinal cord with sparing of the brain. We report a case with initial clinical, radiological and serological features consistent with NMO, but with concomitant extensively clinical and ...
Al Kaissi Ali - - 2007
This is a case report of a 48-year-old-woman with scoliosis since early childhood. Recent radiographic spinal assessment revealed the presence of distinctive spinal abnormalities. To the best of our knowledge this is the first clinical report describing a constellation of unusual changes in an elderly woman with a history of ...
Tederko Piotr - - 2006
Spinal cord trauma (SCT) results local and generalized complications involving cardio-respiratory system, musculo-skeletal system, digestive and urogenital tracts. Early beginning of vertical position training improves functioning and reduces risk of these complications. Wheelchair position is an important achievement in early rehabilitation of (SCT) patients. Sitting allows locomotion, enhances upper limb ...
Bouree Patrice - - 2006
Cysticercosis caused by the infection with the larva of Taenia solium, common through out the world, is located in the muscles, the eyes and the central nervous system, but mostly in the brain. Spinal cord infection is rare. The authors report a case of a young girl, living in Paris ...
Perera N R P - - 2006
Spinal abnormalities such as kyphoscoliosis and vertebral scalloping are frequent occurrences in type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1). We report this rare case of posterior displacement of C3 vertebral body into the spinal canal causing severe cord compression associated with neurofibromatosis in a 13-year old girl. She underwent anterior excision of C3 ...
Karaca Metehan - - 2006
Cases of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) metastasizing to the leptomeninx or the intramedullary spine are quite rare and prognoses are relatively poor. We present three cases of GBM with spinal metastasis, one of which also had leptomeningeal dissemination. Three patients with GBM were admitted to our clinic for postoperative radiotherapy after ...
Rossi Roger P RP Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, Edison, New Jersey 08818, - - 2006
We report a case of severe dysphagia in a 29-yr-old woman with cerebral palsy after she was injected with botulinum toxin B to her lower limbs and lumbar paraspinal muscles. Four days after the treatment, she developed difficulty swallowing, more severe for solid foods than for liquids, accompanied by dry ...
Er U - - 2007
Case report and review of the literature. To report an unusual case of a spinal intradural extramedullary cavernous angioma (CA), located at the cauda equina, and to compare it with the previously published 22 surgically treated cases in the literature. Ankara, Turkey. A 67-year-old man presented with a 4-month history ...
Jang Woo-Youl - - 2007
This report describes a 66-year-old man who presented with progressive paraparesis after a fall. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an acute spinal hematoma at T11-12 with spinal cord compression. The patient underwent an emergency left T11-12 hemilaminectomy. The hematoma was subarachnoid and the source of bleeding was an injured radicular vein. ...
Shoja M M - - 2006
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a morphologically ill-defined tumour of the soft tissues and may involve nearly every organ of the body. MFH of the spermatic cord represents an extremely rare entity and reports of it in the literature are limited. We report a 69-year-old man found to have a ...
Harrop James S - - 2006
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical spinal trauma can result in a heterogeneous collection of spinal cord injury syndromes. Acute traumatic central cord syndrome is a common category of which no uniform consensus on the etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment exists. PURPOSE: To evaluate and review potential pathophysiology, current treatment options, and management of ...
Larson David B - - 2006
Pilocytic astrocytomas are among the most common intramedullary spinal cord tumors in the pediatric age group. The presence of contrast enhancement is a major factor used to distinguish these tumors from other spinal cord lesions. We present a case of histologically proved non-enhancing intramedullary spinal cord pilocytic astrocytoma in a ...
Park Paul - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is infrequent, with an estimated incidence of 5 to 20 cases yearly per 100,000 people. Although multiple etiologies have been identified, infection and idiopathic SNHL are most common. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss after nonotologic noncardiac surgery is highly unusual, particularly after spinal surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: ...
Cline Erik C - - 2006
Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a respiratory condition characterized by the paradoxical closure of the vocal cords. This condition results in a myriad of symptoms that would be expected from an upper airway obstruction including anxiety, hyperventilation, wheezing, stridor, shortness of breath, dyspnea, and suprasternal and neck muscle retraction. with ...
Turgut M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spinal brucellosis continues to be the leading cause of morbidity from infectious disease in the infested regions of the world, particularly in the rural areas including Turkey. The purpose of this review was to present the Turkish experience by analyzing the literature on the management of spinal brucellosis during ...
Smarkusky Loren - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Epidural placement for obstetric anesthesia is a common procedure. Pneumocephalus, the introduction of air into the cranial cavity after epidural placement, is a rare complication encountered when air is used for identification of the epidural space. CASE: A 42-year-old primipara undergoing epidural placement reported sudden onset of severe headache ...
Chwajol Mark - - 2006
Congenital kyphosis Type I results from failure of formation of the vertebral body (VB). The clinical course is characterized by progressive deformity and neurological dysfunction unless the patient undergoes fusion. It has been postulated that failure of VB formation may be secondary to anomalies of the segmental arteries arising from ...
Izumi Kosuke - - 2006
We performed a retrospective review of the length of the umbilical cords of stillborn fetuses with renal agenesis, cystic kidneys, and bladder outlet obstruction and compared the cord length with normative data. Among the 41 cases, 31 had umbilical cord lengths that were shorter than average. However, the remaining 10 ...
Tournel Gilles - - 2006
A 25-year-old woman being treated for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was accidentally given vindesine intrathecally. The error was recognized immediately and a spinal cord washing was performed through syringing with isotonic saline. However, the patient died 6 weeks later with increasing paralysis, which was followed by neurologic failure. The deceased was autopsied ...
Garnier Arnaud - - 2007
Brachytelephalangic chondrodysplasia punctata (CDPX1, OMIM: #302950) is a rare congenital skeletal dysplasia caused by arylsulfatase E deficiency (OMIM: #300180). Although the symptoms are usually mild, severe spinal cord compression by dysplastic vertebras may develop. We report four new cases with severe cervical spinal canal narrowing documented by radiography, magnetic resonance ...
Kumandaş Sefer - - 2006
Torticollis is either congenital or acquired in childhood. Acquired torticollis is not a diagnosis but rather a sign of an underlying disorder. The causes of acquired torticollis include ligamentous, muscular, osseous, ocular, psychiatric, and neurologic disorders and may be a symptom of significant abnormalities of the spinal cord and brain, ...
Caroli E - - 2007
Case report and literature review. Intradural-extramedullary cavernoma is a rare condition with only 23 cases reported in the literature. Most cases described adhere to spinal root or spinal cord. We report an example of this rare entity located within the sheets of one cauda equina nerve root. Rome, Italy. The ...
Hasegawa J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of detecting the cord insertion site during the late first trimester, and to investigate the possible association between perinatal complications and a cord insertion in the lower third of the uterus in the first trimester. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in which the ...
Darbar Aneela - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Case report with review of the literature. OBJECTIVE: Symptomatic spinal cord herniation through ventral aspect of dura is frequently misdiagnosed because this condition is rare. The most frequent misdiagnosis was that of dorsal arachnoid cyst. The purpose of this article is to provide insight on clinical presentation, diagnosis, ...
Costa J - - 2006
Gangliogliomas are glioneuronal tumours of the young, and occur more frequently supratentorially. Among those uncommon cases in the spinal cord, the conus medullaris is an extremely rare site. We reviewed the literature of such cases and report another case of a ganglioglioma of the conus in a 13-year-old boy with ...
Togawa S - - 2006
Functional differentiation is found in the spinal cord. A unique set of neurological deficits follows a multi-focal injury. Clinically, sensory and motor disturbance present independently, often resulting in sensory and motor deficit dissociation. This study examined 103 spinal decompression illness (DCI) cases. The neurological deficit dissociation was classified as follows: ...
Paterakis Konstantinos N - - 2006
We present the case of a 62-year-old patient suffering from the presence of a cervical spinal cord intramedullary teratoma and treated operatively. The purpose of this case report is to describe the highly unusual localization of the intramedullary teratoma associated with other vertebral malformations. A review of the literature is ...
Scala A - - 2006
Taenia multiceps (Leske, 1780) is a taeniid cestode that in its adult stage lives in the small intestine of dogs and other canids. The metacestode, previously known as Coenurus cerebralis, is usually found in the nervous system including brain and spinal cord in sheep and other ruminants. The presence of ...
Berry Jesia G - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To estimate trends in incidence rates of rugby code-related severe cervical spinal cord injuries in New South Wales (NSW) from 1986 to 2003. To evaluate the Australian Spinal Cord Injury Register (ASCIR) for injury surveillance by comparison with two published studies. METHODS: Data were cases of complete and incomplete ...
Mohindra Sandeep - - 2006
The authors report a case of primary brainstem tethering, a component of a spinal dysraphic state, occurring in a 13-year-old girl. This patient also had associated hydrocephalus, a low-lying tethered cord, and a syrinx in her conus medullaris. The significance of imaging surveys of the craniospinal region and head in ...
Saleh Samer - - 2006
Sarcoidosis, which affects African Americans more than it does other racial/ethnic groups, only rarely manifests initially as spinal cord dysfunction. This paper presents the findings of eight patients with spinal cord dysfunction as part of a presentation of sarcoidosis. After reviewing these cases, we devised an algorithm to diagnose and ...
Schmidt B J - - 2006
Case report of a patient with subacute delayed myelopathy after an acute low thoracic spine injury. To draw awareness to a rarely described complication with potential to add devastating neurological insult to the original spinal cord injury, and to discuss evidence supporting a vascular mechanism. Health Science Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, ...
Kachko Ludmyla - - 2006
We describe five cases of children with ventriculoperitoneal shunt who underwent abdominal and perineal procedures under spinal anesthesia. Four of them had been born prematurely, and all had suffered from severe neonatal complications. All of our patients suffered from severe respiratory impairment, that had required mechanical ventilation, and three of ...
Horikoshi Toru - - 2006
Since cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage is highlighted as a cause of persistent headache, radionuclide cisternography has been increasingly performed in Japan to confirm the disorder, although the limited ability of the examination should be recognized. We present 3 cases in which failure of a tracer injection was strongly suspected. In ...
Rustamzadeh Edward - - 2006
Basicranial diastematomyelia is an extremely rare congenital disorder. A review of the literature indicates only one reported case of basicranial diastematomyelia in which an osseous peg divided the brainstem in two. The authors present the first reported case of basicranial diplomyelia split by a fibrous band and correlate its pathogenesis ...
Sibon I - - 2006
Case report. Brain diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps are useful to differentiate vasogenic and cytotoxic oedema during cerebovascular diseases. We investigate spinal cord diffusion MRI and ADC maps before and after treatment in one case of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula. University of Bordeaux, France. ...
Rhee John M - - 2006
Controversy exists regarding management of cervical facet injuries. Previous literature has focused on associated disc herniations reported to cause neurologic injury upon reduction. Although rupture of the ligamentum flavum has been noted with these injuries, its clinical significance has not been examined. In this case report, we present two patients ...
Bedru Ahmed - - 2006
Diastematomyelia is complete or partial sagital splitting of the spinal cord into two hemicords, each with its own central canal and pia surrounding it. We are reporting the clinical feature, radiological evidence and surgical outcome of a nine years old female child from Addis Ababa who was lately diagnosed to ...
Morley S - - 2006
Thoracic ventral dural defect, and resultant idiopathic spinal cord herniation, is a rare but increasingly recognized cause of a chronic progressive thoracic myelopathy, particularly in middle-aged women. A neurosurgically confirmed case is presented, together with a review of the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, imaging features, treatment options and progress of this ...
Parazzini C - - 2006
Spinal cord ischaemia is a rare entity and very few cases of simultaneous spinal cord and vertebral body infarction have been reported: all of them in adult age. We observed a 15-year-old girl with abrupt onset of myelopathy and pain at the vertebral column studied by means of serial magnetic ...
Kuczkowski Krzysztof M - - 2006
Administration of lumbar epidural analgesia in a parturient with previous spinal surgery presents a unique challenge to the anesthesiologist. These challenges (difficulties) range from inability to identify the epidural space, multiple attempts before catheter insertion, vascular trauma, and/or subdural local anesthetic injection to accidental dural puncture. The literature documenting management ...
Siclari Francesca - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Direct emergence of a dorsospinal artery from the aorta is a rare anatomic variant, of which a total of seven cases have been reported. This report offers an additional angiographic observation and reviews the literature. METHODS: Two observations of common intercostal trunks documented during spinal angiography are described. RESULTS: ...
Ak H - - 2006
Intramedullary mature teratomas particularly in adults are rarely encountered. In this manuscript the authors have reviewed the adult intramedullary lesions of the spinal cord published in the literature that are harbouring the characteristics of a mature teratoma and analysed the results with respect to histopathology, epidemiology, diagnostic methods and treatment. ...
Izadyar Shahram - - 2006
Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is accumulation of unencapsulated fat tissue within the epidural space of the spinal canal. The most common cause of SEL is corticosteroid therapy, whereas most of the non-corticosteroid-dependent cases are idiopathic. If unrecognized, it may result in diagnostic confusion with other neuropathic or myelopathic conditions. We ...
Liu Chun-Lin - - 2006
Although spinal meningioma is a common benign neoplasm, the ossified variant is rare. No more than 20 sporadic cases were reported in the literature between 1977 and January 2005. Recently, the authors treated a patient with a symptomatic ossified meningioma located in the posterior aspect of T-11 and an associated ...
Armstrong Melissa J - - 2006
Although intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations are now well described, there have been, to our knowledge, no prior reports focusing on presentation after trauma. We report a patient with a thoracic intramedullary cavernous malformation presenting with hematomyelia and acute neurologic deterioration after spinal chiropractic manipulation. A review of previously published ...
Debono Bertrand - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis is an exceptional neoplasm, and only 30 cases have been reported in the literature. We report a recent case and compare data with previously published observations. METHODS: A 50-year-old man was admitted to the neurosurgery department for a previous 4-month history of headache, associated with ...
Narouze Samer N - - 2006
Minor complications of inadvertent dural puncture during attempted epidural anesthesia are common, related to the size of the needle and the incidence of postdural puncture headache. Serious complications are much less common. We report a case where inadvertent dural puncture with an 18-gauge epidural needle was associated with the creation ...
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