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Zamidei L - - 2009
Propriospinal myoclonus is a rare disorder characterized by sudden, shock-like, involuntary jerks that arise from the axial muscles and spread both rostrally and caudally to other myotomes through slow polysynaptic pathways. It can be idiopathic or secondary to intrinsic and extrinsic spinal cord lesions; additionally, it can develop as an ...
Zamidei L - - 2010
Propriospinal myoclonus is a rare disorder characterized by sudden, shock-like, involuntary jerks that arise from the axial muscles and spread both rostrally and caudally to other myotomes through slow polysynaptic pathways. It can be idiopathic or secondary to intrinsic and extrinsic spinal cord lesions; additionally, it can develop as an ...
Taniguchi Shoichi - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN.: Case report. OBJECTIVE.: To present a rare case of extramedullary-intradural hemangioblastoma in the thoracic spine and to review the literature on this condition. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Spinal hemangioblastoma is rare, and moreover, there is seldom purely extramedullary-intradural hemangioblastoma of the spinal cord and there are few reports ...
Wilsher S - - 2009
Abnormal cord attachment can be a manifestation of an inappropriate fixation position of the conceptus in the uterus, or it may result from disorientation of the conceptus post fixation. The potential for this resulting in fetal and neonatal compromise is reviewed in the light of previous reports and to which ...
Kanter Adam S - - 2009
Seven millennia of anthropological artifacts and historical tales reference human spinal deformity, its diagnosis, and treatment-many of the latter of which turned out to be worse than the deformity itself. From Hippocrates to Harrington to the 21st century, the literature base has expanded in exponential fashion to yield an imperfect ...
del Carmen Baena-Ocampo Leticia - - 2009
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a proliferative disorder of the synovial membrane of uncertain etiology. It commonly affects synovial joints of the appendicular skeleton and rarely affects the spine. We present the case of a young man presenting with a rapidly progressive myelopathy due to spinal cord compression by PVNS ...
Donnellan Clare P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sensory deficits are commonly reported following the resection of spinal cord tumours. The use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) as augmented sensory input is described in the research literature but rarely in the clinical literature. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is used for people with motor impairments rather than ...
Modi Hitesh N HN Department of Orthopedics, Korea University Guro Hospital, Scoliosis Research Institute, Seoul, South - - 2009
Case report. To report a case of false-negative intraoperative motor-evoked potentials (MEP) that developed paraplegia after surgery. Although several false-negative results have been reported with somatosensory-evoked potentials, there is no report noted with MEP. Therefore, several authors have preferred using MEPs as a gold standard in neuromonitoring. We report a ...
Ng Wai H - - 2010
Lumbar puncture is a very common neurological diagnostic procedure which is associated with minimal risk. Epidural cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection can occur after puncture of the dura from extravasation of CSF from the thecal sac. On rare occasions, the epidural collection can be large enough to cause neurological dysfunction. The ...
Chan Jun-Yeen - - 2009
Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL), an abnormal localized or tumor-like accumulation of fat in the epidural space, is an infrequent complication of chronic steroid usage and an uncommon cause of spinal cord compression. During the period of 1990 to 2006, we have two cases of medically heath SEL patients without history ...
Emejulu J K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The paucity of published reports from West Africa on the outcome of spinal cord injuries (SCI) reflects the limitations of the developing health care delivery system in this part of the world. OBJECTIVE: To review the outcome of the spinal cord injuries managed in our centre and relate same ...
van der Graaff Maaike M - - 2009
We describe 4 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and glottic narrowing due to vocal cord dysfunction, and review the literature found using the following search terms: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, motor neuron disease, stridor, laryngospasm, vocal cord abductor paresis, and hoarseness. Neurological literature rarely reports vocal cord dysfunction in ALS, ...
Chhiber Sarbjit Singh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Spinal intramedullary cysticercosis is a very uncommon manifestation of NCC, which is caused by the larvae of Taenia solium. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of spinal intramedullary cysticercosis who presented subacutely. Magnetic resonance imaging dorsal spine and CSF ELISA clinched the diagnosis. Eight weeks of medical therapy resulted ...
- - 2009
When power cord defects or damage contributes to device-related incidents, crucial information about the cord and/or plug (e.g., manufacturer, details of damage) is often not included in incident reports. To facilitate the investigation of these events--which frequently pose a risk of shock or fire--ECRI Institute is asking hospitals to include ...
Park Seong-Cheol - - 2009
A case of spinal intraosseous schwannoma (SIS) in the lumbar vertebra is reported. Clinical and radiologic characteristics of 16 reported cases of SIS were reviewed. SIS can be a rare differential diagnosis for intraosseous tumors.
Gupta Sanjeev - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In spite of being the most common parasitic infestation of central nervous system (CNS), spinal cysticercosis remains a rare entity. CASE REPORT: We report an unusual case of a 45-year-old-male with primary isolated localization of spinal intradural extramedullary cysticercosis at thoracic 3/4 level. The lesion was surgically addressed to ...
Wybier Marc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Selective steroid injections of the lumbar spine carry a risk of paraplegia of sudden onset. Seven cases have been reported in the English literature since 2002. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five new cases have been analyzed, all coming from Paris area centers. Injections were performed between 2003 and 2008. The ...
Hedequist Daniel J - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical review. OBJECTIVE: To review the use of modern instrumentation of the spine for congenital spinal deformities. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal instrumentation has evolved since the advent of the Harrington rod. There is a paucity of literature, which discusses the use of modern spinal instrumentation ...
Jaiswal Sushila - - 2009
Spinal hydatid disease is an uncommon cause of spinal cord compression and it constitutes 1% of all cases of hydatid disease. The authors present a case of a 21-year-old female presenting with rapid onset paraplegia caused by pathologically confirmed by extradural spinal hydatid cyst. Patient had marked improvement following surgical ...
Lim Andy - - 2009
Thoracic canal stenosis caused by hypertrophy of the posterior spinal elements is rare. We report an unusual case of bilateral zygapophyseal joint hypertrophy occurring solely at thoracic levels T10-11, producing bilateral leg weakness and numbness. The diagnosis was established using CT scans and MRI. A wide decompressive laminectomy and posterolateral ...
Chevalier Z - - 2009
This paper reviews the literature concerning psychological adjustment to spinal cord injury, focusing on the recent methodological developments and new directions in research. Several literature reviews using the search terms Spinal Cord Injury, Paraplegia, Coping and Adjustment were undertaken using the databases in Pubmed, Medline and Embase. The papers that ...
Stuber Kent - - 2009
The objective of this article was to review the literature on the use of chiropractic for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. A literature search was conducted on 4 electronic databases (Medline, Index to Chiropractic Literature, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Allied and Complementary Medicine Database) ...
Ulivieri Simone - - 2009
Remote cerebellar haematoma (RCH) from the operative site is one of the most serious, although extremely rare, complications of spinal surgery. Dural opening is common to every reported case of a spinal procedure complicated by cerebellar hemorrhage, supporting the hypothesis that CSF loss is central to the pathogenesis of this ...
Li Qiang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Cryptococcal infection in CNS is frequently seen in HIV patients and those with other immunosuppressed conditions. However, cryptococcal granuloma in CNS in immunocompetent patient is rare. We present one new case of cryptococcoma and review literature to illustrate diagnosis and treatment of these lesions. METHODS: We conducted literature search ...
Weiner M-F - - 2009
Literature review. Europe with special reference to France. To review the treatment of spinal deformity in nineteenth century Europe and explain the high incidence of paralysis as a result of forceful traction of the spinal column to treat scoliosis in France as compared with other European countries. Although well described ...
Karikari Isaac O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The authors report 2 cases of primary intramedullary spinal melanocytomas in 2 patients who presented with lower extremity numbness and/or weakness. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine, thoracic laminectomy, and histological examination revealed the diagnosis. TECHNIQUE: Microscopic and immunohistochemical analysis revealed the diagnosis of primary melanocytoma. CONCLUSION: ...
Chan C C - - 2009
Arachnoiditis ossificans is a rare type of chronic arachnoiditis characterised by the presence of calcification or ossification of the spinal arachnoid. There are a few reports of this condition in Japanese and western populations but no case has been reported in a Chinese population before. We describe a 35-year-old woman ...
Urai Yoshiteru - - 2009
We report the first autopsied case of paraneoplastic necrotizing myelopathy associated with esophageal cancer in the literature. The patient had acute flaccid paraplegia and urinary retention, and had a good recovery of strength of both legs in response to corticosteroids. MRI showed a characteristic lesion with post-gadolinium enhancement of the ...
Ulivieri S - - 2009
Several complications are known to occur with spinal anaesthesia and all of them are easily recognizable. We report the case of a 25 year old woman presenting with intracerebral hemorrhage secondary to spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section. She underwent surgical evacuation of the haematoma with complete recovery. The relevant literature ...
Papadopoulos Vassilis G - - 2009
Hemangiomas of the umbilical cord are extremely rare benign vascular tumors, not always detected prenatally. They have been associated with increased alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), hydramnios, congenital anomalies, and increased perinatal mortality. Impaired umbilical circulation has been proposed as the predisposing factor for fetal compromise. We report a case of an antenatally ...
Calder K B - - 2009
A case report of a patient with spinal cord injury with autonomic dysreflexia and associated acute neurogenic pulmonary edema. To further describe autonomic dysreflexia as a potential cause of acute neurogenic pulmonary edema; specifically in a population with spinal cord injury. James A Haley Veterans Hospital, Tampa, FL, USA. A ...
Hussenbocus Saleem M - - 2012
Background: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare cause of spinal cord compression that requires emergency investigation and treatment. Prompt diagnosis is essential to prevent morbidity and mortality. Objectives: Our goal was to report a case of SSEH, and to review the literature on the topic, looking particularly at ...
Gelabert-González Miguel - - 2009
Spinal angiolipomas are benign uncommon neoplasm composed of mature lipocytes admixed with abnormal blood vessels. They account for only 0.04-1.2% of all spinal tumors. We report two cases of lumbar extradural angiolipoma and review previously reported cases. We found 118 cases of spinal epidural angiolipoma (70 females and 48 males; ...
Hung Chung-Ching - - 2009
Vocal cord immobility is a rare presentation of an impacted fishbone in the pharynx. The mechanisms can be classified into either mechanical articular fixation or direct/indirect neuropathy of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. We report a case of vocal cord immobility secondary to long-standing impaction of a fishbone in the hypopharynx ...
Arshad Saarah - - 2009
We report a case of subacute onset of paraparesis in a patient with AIDS. Empiric treatment for toxoplasmosis of the brain and the spinal cord resulted in resolution of the paraparesis. This case highlights the differential diagnosis of toxoplasmosis of the spinal cord and reviews its management in HIV-infected patients.
Colen Chaim B - - 2009
In this report the authors describe a unique case of spinal clear cell meningioma in a 13-year-old girl. Clear cell meningiomas (CCMs) are not uncommon. To the authors' knowledge, 14 cases of pediatric CCM occurring in the spinal canal have been reported. Factors lending resistance to meningioma initiation and invasion ...
Amhaz Hassan H - - 2009
In the pediatric population, a strong correlation between multilevel laminectomy and postlaminectomy spinal deformities, predominantly kyphosis, has been demonstrated. This has been observed mainly in the cervical and thoracic spine. Therefore, laminoplasty was proposed as an alternative to laminectomy with a reduced incidence of spinal deformity and need for stabilization ...
Loughenbury Peter - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous paraplegia as a consequence of spinal infiltration in pregnancy is reported to be rare. Analysis of the current literature produces few case studies that report successful outcomes. Delay in diagnosis and treatment may ultimately result in an irreversible neurological deficit. The potential implications of progression are paraplegia and ...
Badge Ravi - - 2009
A case of spontaneous, atraumatic subdural haematoma involving thoracic region in a 78-year-old woman on an anticoagulant therapy (Warfarin) for atrial fibrillation presented. This patient initially presented with sudden onset headache and giddiness (signs of increased intracranial pressure) followed by an acute onset neuro-deficit in lower limb. After appropriate investigations ...
Oh J Y L - - 2008
Spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma (SSEH) is rare. No identifiable cause is found in the majority of cases, while anticoagulation accounts for up to 17 percent of cases. Aspirin-associated SSEH, however, has rarely been described in literature. A 62-year-old man on prophylactic aspirin presented with symptoms of acute cord compression due ...
Huang Jeffrey - - 2008
There are more than 100 different types of dwarfism. Achondroplasia is the most common form of this rare condition. The incidence of achondroplasia in the United States is about 15 per 1 million births. Although inherited as an autosomal dominant condition, 80% of cases result from spontaneous mutation. Underdevelopment and ...
Kaçar Cihan - - 2008
Congenital malformations with multiple anomalies have been described infrequently in the veterinary literature. A stillborn male crossbred lamb with diprosopus, craniorachischisis, and arthrogryposis was examined macroscopically and histopathologically in this study. The left head was smaller than the right head. Micrencephaly, agnathia, and a rudimentary tongue, which was adherent to ...
Suzuki K - - 2008
We report a case of spinal stenosis with ossification of the thoracic ligamentum flavum in a 53-year-old man with achondroplasia. Neurological signs indicated flaccid paralysis below L1, and the patient was unable to walk. Ossification of the ligamentum flavum was observed at T4/5 and T9 to T12, compressing the thecal ...
Pavlidou Efterpi - - 2008
Neurocutaneous melanosis is a rare noninherited embryonic neuroectodermal dysplasia, which is observed sporadically and never affects the entire integument. The hallmark of neurocutaneous melanosis in the neonatal period is the presence of a large bilateral hairy dark nevus with satellite nevi over the trunk and neck. The diagnosis should be ...
Poisson Alice - - 2009
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by recurrent epistaxis, cutaneous telangiectasia, and visceral arteriovenous malformations (AVM). Of these, spinal AVM is a rare manifestation that concerns mainly children. In this report, we describe two cases of spinal AVM revealed by acute paraparesis due to subarachnoid hemorrhage ...
Yang Ka-Yen - - 2009
We report a rare case of primary intramedullary germinoma in the cervical spine of a 39-year-old woman without evidence of intracranial or disseminated disease. The germinoma was treated by a biopsy and follow-up concurrent chemoradiotherapy. This is the only reported case of primary spinal cord germinoma for which concurrent chemoradiotherapy ...
Xu Risheng - - 2008
Abnormal ossification of spinal ligaments is a well-known cause of myelopathy in East Asian populations, with ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) and the posterior longitudinal ligament being the most prevalent. In Caucasian populations, OLF is rare, and there has been only 1 documented case of the disease affecting more ...
Chen Chiu-Liang - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A rare case of esophageal perforation secondary to a dislodged upper thoracic cage found by the gastrointestinal endoscope is presented. OBJECTIVE: To report an extremely rare complication of upper thoracic vertebral tuberculosis treated with corpectomy and interbody cage surgery and suggest the cause, mechanism, and outcome of the ...
Barbagallo Giuseppe M V - - 2009
Ependymomas account for 2-6% of all central nervous system neoplasms. They develop from the ependymal cells that line the ventricular cavities of the brain and the central canal of the spinal cord, as well as from ependymal clusters in the filum terminale. Giant cell ependymoma (GCE) is a rare subtype, ...
Marucci Gianluca - - 2009
A case of ganglioneurocytoma of the spinal cord in a 51-year-old man is reported. Patient presented with a progressively worsening back pain and hyposthenia of lower limbs. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spinal cord revealed an intradural lesion in the T10-11 spinal segments, hyperintense on T1-weighted sequences. Complete resection was ...
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