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Stuber Kent - - 2009
The objective of this article was to review the literature on the use of chiropractic for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. A literature search was conducted on 4 electronic databases (Medline, Index to Chiropractic Literature, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Allied and Complementary Medicine Database) ...
Ulivieri Simone - - 2009
Remote cerebellar haematoma (RCH) from the operative site is one of the most serious, although extremely rare, complications of spinal surgery. Dural opening is common to every reported case of a spinal procedure complicated by cerebellar hemorrhage, supporting the hypothesis that CSF loss is central to the pathogenesis of this ...
Li Qiang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Cryptococcal infection in CNS is frequently seen in HIV patients and those with other immunosuppressed conditions. However, cryptococcal granuloma in CNS in immunocompetent patient is rare. We present one new case of cryptococcoma and review literature to illustrate diagnosis and treatment of these lesions. METHODS: We conducted literature search ...
Weiner M-F - - 2009
Literature review. Europe with special reference to France. To review the treatment of spinal deformity in nineteenth century Europe and explain the high incidence of paralysis as a result of forceful traction of the spinal column to treat scoliosis in France as compared with other European countries. Although well described ...
Karikari Isaac O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The authors report 2 cases of primary intramedullary spinal melanocytomas in 2 patients who presented with lower extremity numbness and/or weakness. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine, thoracic laminectomy, and histological examination revealed the diagnosis. TECHNIQUE: Microscopic and immunohistochemical analysis revealed the diagnosis of primary melanocytoma. CONCLUSION: ...
Chan C C - - 2009
Arachnoiditis ossificans is a rare type of chronic arachnoiditis characterised by the presence of calcification or ossification of the spinal arachnoid. There are a few reports of this condition in Japanese and western populations but no case has been reported in a Chinese population before. We describe a 35-year-old woman ...
Urai Yoshiteru - - 2009
We report the first autopsied case of paraneoplastic necrotizing myelopathy associated with esophageal cancer in the literature. The patient had acute flaccid paraplegia and urinary retention, and had a good recovery of strength of both legs in response to corticosteroids. MRI showed a characteristic lesion with post-gadolinium enhancement of the ...
Ulivieri S - - 2009
Several complications are known to occur with spinal anaesthesia and all of them are easily recognizable. We report the case of a 25 year old woman presenting with intracerebral hemorrhage secondary to spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section. She underwent surgical evacuation of the haematoma with complete recovery. The relevant literature ...
Papadopoulos Vassilis G - - 2009
Hemangiomas of the umbilical cord are extremely rare benign vascular tumors, not always detected prenatally. They have been associated with increased alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), hydramnios, congenital anomalies, and increased perinatal mortality. Impaired umbilical circulation has been proposed as the predisposing factor for fetal compromise. We report a case of an antenatally ...
Calder K B - - 2009
A case report of a patient with spinal cord injury with autonomic dysreflexia and associated acute neurogenic pulmonary edema. To further describe autonomic dysreflexia as a potential cause of acute neurogenic pulmonary edema; specifically in a population with spinal cord injury. James A Haley Veterans Hospital, Tampa, FL, USA. A ...
Hussenbocus Saleem M - - 2012
Background: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare cause of spinal cord compression that requires emergency investigation and treatment. Prompt diagnosis is essential to prevent morbidity and mortality. Objectives: Our goal was to report a case of SSEH, and to review the literature on the topic, looking particularly at ...
Gelabert-González Miguel - - 2009
Spinal angiolipomas are benign uncommon neoplasm composed of mature lipocytes admixed with abnormal blood vessels. They account for only 0.04-1.2% of all spinal tumors. We report two cases of lumbar extradural angiolipoma and review previously reported cases. We found 118 cases of spinal epidural angiolipoma (70 females and 48 males; ...
Arshad Saarah - - 2009
We report a case of subacute onset of paraparesis in a patient with AIDS. Empiric treatment for toxoplasmosis of the brain and the spinal cord resulted in resolution of the paraparesis. This case highlights the differential diagnosis of toxoplasmosis of the spinal cord and reviews its management in HIV-infected patients.
Loughenbury Peter - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous paraplegia as a consequence of spinal infiltration in pregnancy is reported to be rare. Analysis of the current literature produces few case studies that report successful outcomes. Delay in diagnosis and treatment may ultimately result in an irreversible neurological deficit. The potential implications of progression are paraplegia and ...
Colen Chaim B - - 2009
In this report the authors describe a unique case of spinal clear cell meningioma in a 13-year-old girl. Clear cell meningiomas (CCMs) are not uncommon. To the authors' knowledge, 14 cases of pediatric CCM occurring in the spinal canal have been reported. Factors lending resistance to meningioma initiation and invasion ...
Amhaz Hassan H - - 2009
In the pediatric population, a strong correlation between multilevel laminectomy and postlaminectomy spinal deformities, predominantly kyphosis, has been demonstrated. This has been observed mainly in the cervical and thoracic spine. Therefore, laminoplasty was proposed as an alternative to laminectomy with a reduced incidence of spinal deformity and need for stabilization ...
Badge Ravi - - 2009
A case of spontaneous, atraumatic subdural haematoma involving thoracic region in a 78-year-old woman on an anticoagulant therapy (Warfarin) for atrial fibrillation presented. This patient initially presented with sudden onset headache and giddiness (signs of increased intracranial pressure) followed by an acute onset neuro-deficit in lower limb. After appropriate investigations ...
Hung Chung-Ching - - 2009
Vocal cord immobility is a rare presentation of an impacted fishbone in the pharynx. The mechanisms can be classified into either mechanical articular fixation or direct/indirect neuropathy of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. We report a case of vocal cord immobility secondary to long-standing impaction of a fishbone in the hypopharynx ...
Suzuki K - - 2008
We report a case of spinal stenosis with ossification of the thoracic ligamentum flavum in a 53-year-old man with achondroplasia. Neurological signs indicated flaccid paralysis below L1, and the patient was unable to walk. Ossification of the ligamentum flavum was observed at T4/5 and T9 to T12, compressing the thecal ...
Pavlidou Efterpi - - 2008
Neurocutaneous melanosis is a rare noninherited embryonic neuroectodermal dysplasia, which is observed sporadically and never affects the entire integument. The hallmark of neurocutaneous melanosis in the neonatal period is the presence of a large bilateral hairy dark nevus with satellite nevi over the trunk and neck. The diagnosis should be ...
Oh J Y L - - 2008
Spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma (SSEH) is rare. No identifiable cause is found in the majority of cases, while anticoagulation accounts for up to 17 percent of cases. Aspirin-associated SSEH, however, has rarely been described in literature. A 62-year-old man on prophylactic aspirin presented with symptoms of acute cord compression due ...
Huang Jeffrey - - 2008
There are more than 100 different types of dwarfism. Achondroplasia is the most common form of this rare condition. The incidence of achondroplasia in the United States is about 15 per 1 million births. Although inherited as an autosomal dominant condition, 80% of cases result from spontaneous mutation. Underdevelopment and ...
Kaçar Cihan - - 2008
Congenital malformations with multiple anomalies have been described infrequently in the veterinary literature. A stillborn male crossbred lamb with diprosopus, craniorachischisis, and arthrogryposis was examined macroscopically and histopathologically in this study. The left head was smaller than the right head. Micrencephaly, agnathia, and a rudimentary tongue, which was adherent to ...
Poisson Alice - - 2009
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by recurrent epistaxis, cutaneous telangiectasia, and visceral arteriovenous malformations (AVM). Of these, spinal AVM is a rare manifestation that concerns mainly children. In this report, we describe two cases of spinal AVM revealed by acute paraparesis due to subarachnoid hemorrhage ...
Yang Ka-Yen - - 2009
We report a rare case of primary intramedullary germinoma in the cervical spine of a 39-year-old woman without evidence of intracranial or disseminated disease. The germinoma was treated by a biopsy and follow-up concurrent chemoradiotherapy. This is the only reported case of primary spinal cord germinoma for which concurrent chemoradiotherapy ...
Xu Risheng - - 2008
Abnormal ossification of spinal ligaments is a well-known cause of myelopathy in East Asian populations, with ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) and the posterior longitudinal ligament being the most prevalent. In Caucasian populations, OLF is rare, and there has been only 1 documented case of the disease affecting more ...
Chen Chiu-Liang - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A rare case of esophageal perforation secondary to a dislodged upper thoracic cage found by the gastrointestinal endoscope is presented. OBJECTIVE: To report an extremely rare complication of upper thoracic vertebral tuberculosis treated with corpectomy and interbody cage surgery and suggest the cause, mechanism, and outcome of the ...
Barbagallo Giuseppe M V - - 2009
Ependymomas account for 2-6% of all central nervous system neoplasms. They develop from the ependymal cells that line the ventricular cavities of the brain and the central canal of the spinal cord, as well as from ependymal clusters in the filum terminale. Giant cell ependymoma (GCE) is a rare subtype, ...
Marucci Gianluca - - 2009
A case of ganglioneurocytoma of the spinal cord in a 51-year-old man is reported. Patient presented with a progressively worsening back pain and hyposthenia of lower limbs. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spinal cord revealed an intradural lesion in the T10-11 spinal segments, hyperintense on T1-weighted sequences. Complete resection was ...
Lu Nan-Han - - 2009
Germinomas in the central nervous system (CNS) are uncommon tumors and occur usually in the pineal or suprasellar regions. Primary spinal germinoma is extremely rare. Here we reported a rare case of an extramedullary germinoma in a young adult who presented with progressive paraparesis and retention of stool and urine. ...
Smith Justin S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Vertebral column resection (VCR) is a surgical technique that may be applied for correction of moderate to severe spinal deformities, including those with large rigid curves, fixed trunk translation, or asymmetry between the length of the convex and concave column of the deformity. This article reviews the VCR technique ...
Jans L - - 2008
We report a case of hemimyelomeningocele. This is a rare spinal dysraphism, consisting of the association of a split cord malformation with myelomeningocele. MRI demonstrates division of the spinal cord into two hemicords which are separated by a bony spur. The left hemicord forms a myelomeningocele, thus resulting in a ...
Goel Atul - - 2008
The authors report an extremely rare case of a patient with acromegaly who had unilateral enlargement of an atlas facet resulting in cord compression and progressive quadriparesis. Although unilateral atlas facet enlargement has been identified in the literature in cases of spondylosis and as a component of congenital malformation, its ...
Sariali Elhadi - - 2009
There are a few case reports in the literature on mechanical compressions of the spinal cord associated with Scheuermann's disease and the treatment is not codified. We describe a case of spinal cord compression at the apex of the kyphosis, which disappeared with the reduction of the deformity. Given the ...
Tchoyoson Lim C C - - 2008
There have been fewer than 60 cases of malignant teratocarcinosarcoma (TCS) described in the literature, usually arising in the nose and paranasal sinuses. The authors report on a patient who presented with neurological symptoms caused by a frontal lobe TCS, and in whom widespread spinal tumor dissemination developed. In rare ...
Sekula R F - - 2008
Although tethering of the spinal cord in the lumbosacral region, particularly following repair of congenital anomalies, such as myelomeningocele, is a well-known phenomenon, only sporadic reports of tethering along the rest of the neuraxis, including the hindbrain, cervical and thoracic spinal cord have been documented. In this report, we describe ...
Lim Jae Joon - - 2008
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is rare in children, especially in infants, in whom only 12 cases have been reported. Because of the nonspecificity of presenting symptoms in children, the diagnosis may be delayed. We report herein a case of SSEH in a 20-month-old girl who initially presented with neck ...
van Nuenen B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intradural extramedullary cysts are a rare cause of spinal cord compression. We present a case with slowly progressive radicular pain and gait disorder over several years, due to medullary compression by a giant cervico-thoracic arachnoid cyst. CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old man presented with progressive pain irradiating from the lower ...
Alonso Fernández Luis - - 2008
OBJECT: The authors present their experience with a Cervical Spinal intradural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with unusual clinical presentation in a pediatric patient and review of the international literature on this condition. METHODS: A 5-year-old girl was found by her parents in bed screaming and talking inappropriately. Later on, she calmed ...
Gautschi Oliver P - - 2008
Air in the lumbar spinal canal after trauma is uncommon. However, it can be observed in a number of pathologic settings including tumor, infection, degenerative disk disease, and in patients who have undergone therapeutic and diagnostic procedures. Intraspinal gas is usually asymptomatic. We report a case of a motorcycle accident ...
Acharya V K - - 2008
We report two contrasting and rare cases of voice hoarseness in young patients of tubercular aetiology. First case report is of isolated tubercular recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in a patient who presented with hoarseness of voice. Chest radiograph showed a left hilar prominence and bronchial washings isolated acid-fast bacilli. Hoarseness ...
Kan C H - - 2008
We describe a rare case of vertebra (intraosseous) hemangioma with bilateral and symmetrical epidural extension causing cord compression in a 24-year-old woman. The epidural component was isointense to cord on both T1 and T2 sequences, and enhanced markedly and homogenously following gadolinium administration. The gradual in onset and progressive nature ...
Rawal N - - 2008
Case report and review of literature. To report a case of a woman with paraplegia who had ruptured ectopic pregnancy but presented with minimal non-specific symptoms and no clinical signs. A trans-vaginal scan confirmed the diagnosis and an emergency laprotomy was performed to save the patient's life. Regional spinal injury ...
Hsieh Cheng-Ta - - 2008
Primary extraosseous Ewing sarcoma is a rare entity, especially in the spinal epidural site. Less than 20 cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we present a previously healthy 12-year-old boy who complained of low back pain, progressive gait disturbance and weakness of right lower extremity for nearly one ...
Lam D H - - 2008
I report a patient with a spinal subarachnoid haematoma after difficult spinal anaesthesia who presented with symptoms of radicular irritation, and who recovered with conservative management. Subarachnoid haematoma is rare after spinal anaesthesia; a literature review found nine cases. In the majority of these cases, spinal anaesthesia had been difficult ...
Katonis Pavlos - - 2008
Two cases of spinal cord tumours (one schwannoma and one ependymoma) of the lumbar spine are reported. The treatment with radical excision and posterolateral fusion, along with adjuvant radiation therapy in the case with ependymoma was successful, with follow-up of six and seven years respectively. A literature review is presented, ...
Yucesoy Kemal - - 2008
The aim of this report is to discuss the use of the term 'Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormality' (SCIWORA) in the medical literature ever since MRI became commonly employed in the diagnosis of spinal cord injuries. Using the PubMed database and the keywords 'SCIWORA and MRI', we found 30 ...
Vila Mengual Manuel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Spinal intramedullary lipoma extending to the posterior fossa is very rare in children. We made a revision of the literature and report the diverse opinions and surgical procedures. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 16-month-old male infant who was operated on in the Pediatric Neurosurgical Unit of ...
Liu Wei-Hsiu - - 2008
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a rare condition of spinal cord compression, and emergent decompressive surgery is strictly indicated. Early recognition, accurate diagnosis, and rapid treatment may result in decreased morbidity and improved outcome. Here, we present a case of a 50-year-old man who sustained sudden onset of severe back ...
Jeon Jee Ho - - 2008
This study is to report our experience of 40 cases of spinal schwannoma. From 1995 to 2006, medical records were retrospectively reviewed in 40 cases of spinal schwannoma. We treated 40 spinal schwannomas in 38 (22 male and 16 female) patients. The mean age was 50.2. Four cases were sited ...
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