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Dietz Volker - - 2010
This short review summarizes developments and achievements made during the last few years in spinal neurology and includes all relevant papers published in the Journal of Neurology during this time. A focus of the review concerns the debate about the significance of translational medicine in spinal cord injury with the ...
Lee James Anthony - - 2010
A diagnosis of 'cerebral palsy' in childhood is relatively common. Abnormalities of the upper cervical spine causing spinal cord compression are rare, but can be a cause of symptoms and signs that may otherwise be attributed to brain injury acquired during development. We present an interesting case of a congenital ...
Stone Jonathan J - - 2010
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Recurrent tethering of the spinal cord is a rare late complication after sectioning of a fibrolipomatous filum terminale that has only been reported in two pediatric cases. PURPOSE: To report adult-onset recurrent tethering of the spinal cord after surgical sectioning of a fibrolipomatous filum terminale and review the ...
Dimar John R JR - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report on a case of traumatic pneumorachis in a child and to review the existing literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pneumorachis, the presence of air in the spinal canal, is an extremely rare finding. It may be caused by diverse pathologies such as incidental ...
Fivez Tom - - 2010
Intravascular epidural catheters may result in insufficient labour analgesia or can produce potentially lethal complications following an epidural top-up. We report a case of a previously well functioning epidural catheter positioned epidurally using a combined spinal epidural anaesthesia technique, which subsequently was found to be intravascular. The literature is reviewed.
Eriksen Calvin - - 2010
Reports of primary intraabdominal synovial sarcomas are extremely rare. A literature review using PubMed was performed. A retrospective review of the one known case at our institution was completed. Even the most experienced pathologists report that synovial sarcomas can be very difficult to diagnose correctly. One cytogenic abnormality that is ...
Hashmi Asra - - 2010
Splenic tumors are rare. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the spleen is one of the least common primary splenic tumors. Review of the literature shows that a laparoscopic resection has never been tried. We discuss the case of a 76-year-old man with a 7-cm MFH in the spleen and present ...
Kwon Brian K - - 2011
An increasing number of therapies for spinal cord injury (SCI) are emerging from the laboratory and seeking translation into human clinical trials. Many of these are administered as soon as possible after injury with the hope of attenuating secondary damage and maximizing the extent of spared neurologic tissue. In this ...
Hrabalek Lumir - - 2010
To review the epidemiology, dissemination, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, survival and functional outcome of intramedullary spinal cord metastases (ISCM). Literature review of all surgically treated cases of ISCM and all described cases of ISCM of breast carcinoma. 42 references to 87 surgically treated cases of ISCM were found, 13 references ...
Khan Sara - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Case report and review of literature. OBJECTIVE: Review the common side-effects of interlaminar cervical epidural injection (CEI) and to report a novel complication of this procedure. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND AND DATA: CEIs are commonly used to treat chronic radicular neck pain. Several minor and major complications have been ...
La Grua Marco - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: In current medical literature, most of the reported complications of spinal cord stimulation concern technical problems, such as lead malfunction, migration, breakage, or internal pulse generator dysfunction, whereas reports about the side effects on internal organ function caused by spinal cord stimulation are rare. METHODS: In this clinical report, ...
Scott J M - - 2011
Similarities between the clinical presentation of individuals living with spinal cord injury (SCI) and astronauts are remarkable, and may be of great interest to clinicians and scientists alike. The primary purpose of this review is to outline the manner in which cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, renal, immune and sensory motor systems are ...
Paraskevopoulos Dimitrios - - 2011
Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) is a recently described glial tumor with similarities to pilocytic astrocytomas, yet with distinct histopathological characteristics and a more aggressive behavior. It occurs predominantly in the hypothalamic/chiasmatic region. Only four patients with spinal cord PMA have been reported in the pediatric population. The 2007 WHO Working Group ...
Belotti Eva A - - 2010
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an uncommon benign condition that is occasionally associated with air within the spinal canal. We describe a further case in a 14-year-old girl and suggest a classification system based on a detailed review of the previous literature. Forty-eight patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum and intraspinal air accumulation (36 ...
Furtado A - - 2010
Two new cases of extraventricular neurocytoma are reported. The first concerns an 18-year-old female with a left frontal lobe lesion and the second occurred in a 54-year-old female in the thoracic spinal cord. The first patient is free of disease after 18 months of follow up. The second patient is ...
Fulkerson Daniel H - - 2010
We report an extremely rare case of a patient with a large, cervical, and upper thoracic cutaneous hemangioma associated with a separate, underlying mediastinal hemangioma extending to the epidural space causing significant spinal cord compression. A 6-week-old female presented with decreased movement of her right arm and bilateral lower extremity ...
Kwon Brian K - - 2011
An increasing number of therapies for spinal cord injury (SCI) are emerging from the laboratory and seeking translation into human clinical trials. Many of these are administered as soon as possible after injury with the hope of attenuating secondary damage and maximizing the extent of spared neurologic tissue. In this ...
Panciani Pier Paolo - - 2010
Knowledge of spinal cord arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) has recently been improved by studies on pathophysiology, neuroimaging, and genetic data. Nevertheless, the natural history of these lesions remains poorly understood. The authors present the case of an angiographic regression of a nidal-type spinal AVM at T-12 to L-1 in a 46-year-old ...
Yener Ulas - - 2010
Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a benign proliferative disease of the synovial structures. This disease is most commonly seen in the extremities, and spinal involvement is extremely rare. In the relevant literature, 53 cases have been reported. We present a 66-year-old female patient with a long history of back pain, which ...
Leung K H - - 2010
Orthopaedic surgeons frequently encounter patients with ankylosing spondylitis who would benefit from various types of lower limb operations; however, some of these patients present challenges for anesthesiologists. We report the case of a 65-year-old patient with a fractured femoral component 30 years after a cemented THA. The patient had severe tracheal ...
Chaichana Kaisorn L - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: Pneumorachis is a relatively rare phenomenon, where air enters the spinal canal. Because of its rarity, evaluation and management of this condition is poorly understood. This study describes a case of pneumorachis and performs a review of the current literature to understand the common causes, associated pathologies, presenting neurologic ...
Amin Z - - 2010
Currently, of less than 50 cases of head and neck follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma reported in the literature, 5 have been found to occur in the background of Castleman disease. We report another case of head and neck FDC sarcoma with emphasise on its associated lesions and review the ...
Avadhani Ashwin - - 2010
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Multiple myeloma is the commonest primary malignancy of the spine, but it rarely presents as an extraosseous epidural tumor with only five cases reported in literature so far. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to heighten awareness and treatment options of a rare case of extraosseous epidural ...
Morita Masahiro - - 2010
We report the case of a 50-year-old man presenting symptoms of autonomic dysreflexia associated with Charcot spine following complete C8 spinal cord injury. After posterior lumbar interbody fusion of L2/3 with simultaneous posterior instrumentation from L1 to L5, the patient recovered from the symptoms of autonomic dysreflexia. Although the patient ...
Mahowald Mark W - - 2010
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is thought to be due to abnormalities of iron metabolism in the central nervous system; however, occasional cases are associated with lesions of the spinal cord, spinal rootlets, and peripheral nervous system. This is a case report of RLS exacerbated by shingles with a review of ...
Miglis Mitchell G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lumbar drains are frequently used in clinical neuroscience and are often managed in the neurointensive care unit. Complications are generally rare, and intracranial venous thrombosis (IVT) and infarction has not been reported. METHODS: We report the case of a 45-year-old woman who developed a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak after ...
Sanli Ahmet Metin - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Intradural spinal lipoma is rare and seen about 1% of all tumors of the spinal cord. Lipomas of the cervical location with intracranial extension are extremely rare and are described as intramedullary or subpial location. CASE: A 12-year-old female with lipoma of the cervicothoracic spinal cord demonstrated progressive quadriparesis. ...
Elsamaloty Haitham - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: We report a rare case of extensive spinal epidural abscess in a patient with diabetes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal epidural abscess is a very uncommon infection that requires prompt recognition and proper management to avoid potentially disastrous complications. This lesion can expand to compress ...
Hsu Wesley - - 2010
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SR) is increasingly utilized for the treatment of intracranial and extracranial pathology. It is considered an important adjuvant to surgery, chemotherapy or fractionated radiotherapy, and the role of SR as a primary treatment modality continues to be explored. Although SR for spinal lesions is in its infancy, there ...
Maiti Tanmoy K - - 2010
Split cord malformations (SCM) may be discovered as isolated occult spinal dysraphism or in association with various other overt developmental spinal abnormalities or lesions. However, the occurrence of SCM with intraspinal teratoma is rare. We report 2 cases of teratoma associated with SCM, of which one is intramedullary and the ...
Dilmé-Carreras Elisabet - - 2010
Cobb syndrome is a rare non-inherited neurocutaneous disease, in which there are metameric cutaneous and spinal vascular malformations of the trunk. In cases of segmentally distributed multiple cutaneous vascular lesions, early diagnostic imaging of the spinal cord allows prompt intervention in order to reduce permanent neurological sequelae. We report case ...
Louro J - - 2010
Even though intracardiac sarcoma metastases are rare, they have been previously reported in the literature. We report the case of a 60-year-old man who had a synovial sarcoma with metastasis in the right ventricle. These findings were associated with the presence of a new cardiac murmur and severe thrombocytopenia. The ...
Gupta Deepak Kumar - - 2010
Regrowth of a diastematomyelic bone septum is very rare, and only few cases have been reported in the literature. We report a 3-year-old female patient who developed recurrent fibro-osseous spur after primary excision.
Chiang Y C - - 2010
Granulocytic sarcoma in the female genital tract generally has a poor prognosis. We report the case of a 52-year-old nonleukemic patient with relapsed granulocytic sarcoma at the vaginal stump after an 11-year complete remission from the uterine cervix. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis showed a pear-shaped mass arising from ...
Lawson G - - 2010
PROBLEM/OBJECTIVE: Kaposi sarcoma is the most frequently-occurring neoplasm in AIDS patients. Laryngeal localization is infrequent. We discuss the management options for laryngeal Kaposi sarcoma based on a literature review. A 42 year old, HIV-positive male receiving HAART therapy presented with mild hoarseness and sore throat. Fiberoptic laryngeal examination identified a ...
Waring William P WP - - 2010
The International Standards for the Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) were recently reviewed by the ASIA's Education and Standards Committees, in collaboration with the International Spinal Cord Society's Education Committee. Available educational materials for the ISNCSCI were also reviewed. The last citable reference for the ISNCSCI's methodology is ...
Xu Ji - - 2010
A synovial sarcoma (SS) is an aggressive soft tissue tumor that classically occurs in the extremities near, but rarely within large joints, in young adults. Variable symptoms and clinical manifestations may be encountered and a definite diagnosis should depend on pathological results. This poses certain difficulties in arriving at a ...
Barrey C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present work was to report two new clinical cases on Charcot spinal arthropathy (Charcot spine) and to identify and review all cases reported in the literature since 1978. METHOD: In parallel with a description of the clinical and radiological features of two new cases, we ...
Zamidei L - - 2010
Propriospinal myoclonus is a rare disorder characterized by sudden, shock-like, involuntary jerks that arise from the axial muscles and spread both rostrally and caudally to other myotomes through slow polysynaptic pathways. It can be idiopathic or secondary to intrinsic and extrinsic spinal cord lesions; additionally, it can develop as an ...
Zamidei L - - 2009
Propriospinal myoclonus is a rare disorder characterized by sudden, shock-like, involuntary jerks that arise from the axial muscles and spread both rostrally and caudally to other myotomes through slow polysynaptic pathways. It can be idiopathic or secondary to intrinsic and extrinsic spinal cord lesions; additionally, it can develop as an ...
Taniguchi Shoichi - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN.: Case report. OBJECTIVE.: To present a rare case of extramedullary-intradural hemangioblastoma in the thoracic spine and to review the literature on this condition. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Spinal hemangioblastoma is rare, and moreover, there is seldom purely extramedullary-intradural hemangioblastoma of the spinal cord and there are few reports ...
Wilsher S - - 2009
Abnormal cord attachment can be a manifestation of an inappropriate fixation position of the conceptus in the uterus, or it may result from disorientation of the conceptus post fixation. The potential for this resulting in fetal and neonatal compromise is reviewed in the light of previous reports and to which ...
del Carmen Baena-Ocampo Leticia - - 2009
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a proliferative disorder of the synovial membrane of uncertain etiology. It commonly affects synovial joints of the appendicular skeleton and rarely affects the spine. We present the case of a young man presenting with a rapidly progressive myelopathy due to spinal cord compression by PVNS ...
Donnellan Clare P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sensory deficits are commonly reported following the resection of spinal cord tumours. The use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) as augmented sensory input is described in the research literature but rarely in the clinical literature. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is used for people with motor impairments rather than ...
Kanter Adam S - - 2009
Seven millennia of anthropological artifacts and historical tales reference human spinal deformity, its diagnosis, and treatment-many of the latter of which turned out to be worse than the deformity itself. From Hippocrates to Harrington to the 21st century, the literature base has expanded in exponential fashion to yield an imperfect ...
Modi Hitesh N HN Department of Orthopedics, Korea University Guro Hospital, Scoliosis Research Institute, Seoul, South - - 2009
Case report. To report a case of false-negative intraoperative motor-evoked potentials (MEP) that developed paraplegia after surgery. Although several false-negative results have been reported with somatosensory-evoked potentials, there is no report noted with MEP. Therefore, several authors have preferred using MEPs as a gold standard in neuromonitoring. We report a ...
Ng Wai H - - 2010
Lumbar puncture is a very common neurological diagnostic procedure which is associated with minimal risk. Epidural cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection can occur after puncture of the dura from extravasation of CSF from the thecal sac. On rare occasions, the epidural collection can be large enough to cause neurological dysfunction. The ...
van der Graaff Maaike M - - 2009
We describe 4 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and glottic narrowing due to vocal cord dysfunction, and review the literature found using the following search terms: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, motor neuron disease, stridor, laryngospasm, vocal cord abductor paresis, and hoarseness. Neurological literature rarely reports vocal cord dysfunction in ALS, ...
Emejulu J K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The paucity of published reports from West Africa on the outcome of spinal cord injuries (SCI) reflects the limitations of the developing health care delivery system in this part of the world. OBJECTIVE: To review the outcome of the spinal cord injuries managed in our centre and relate same ...
Chan Jun-Yeen - - 2009
Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL), an abnormal localized or tumor-like accumulation of fat in the epidural space, is an infrequent complication of chronic steroid usage and an uncommon cause of spinal cord compression. During the period of 1990 to 2006, we have two cases of medically heath SEL patients without history ...
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