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Dickman C A - - 1988
A 30-year-old man presented with a subacute course of myelopathic signs and symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an epidural mass lesion of the spinal canal at the cervicothoracic junction causing compression of the spinal cord. Laminectomy with resection of this lesion revealed a large varix with acute and chronic thrombus. ...
Peduto V A - - 1988
Skin necrosis has not been described as a complication following epidural sympathetic blockade. We report a case of bilateral extensive skin necrosis of the lower limbs after a 48-hour lumbar epidural blockade in a 71-year-old patient with right hemiplegia and mitral valve regurgitation, without any preoperative clinical evidence of peripheral ...
Shintaku M - - 1988
In an autopsied case of chronic multiple sclerosis, many axons in some demyelinated plaques of the spinal cord had remarkably increased diameters and reduced argentophilia. The increase in axonal diameter extended for some distance and was restricted to the demyelinated areas. A review of 22 autopsy cases of chronic multiple ...
Owen J H - - 1988
The purpose of this study was to report the effects of spinal cord compression, ischemia, and distraction on clinical status, and somatosensory (SEP) and neurogenic-motor evoked potentials (NMEPs) in animals. The authors also reported their clinical experience with NMEPs elicited from humans undergoing surgery for spinal deformities. Results from the ...
Heselson N G - - 1988
A case of long standing atlanto-axial subluxation following relatively minor trauma is reported. Progressive development of pain and spastic quadriparesis led to clinical and radiological investigation at Groote Schuur Hospital which revealed a spontaneous fusion of C1 and C2 with marked compromise of the spinal cord. The possibility of a ...
Feldmann J L - - 1988
The authors report 3 cases of spinal cord compression by vertebral collapse related to osteonecrosis. Two patients needed surgical decompression permitting pathological diagnosis. In the third case, osteonecrosis was ascertained by radiological evidence of an intravertebral vacuum phenomenon. Three etiologic factors were noticed: osteoporosis, corticotherapy, and radiotherapy. The relative frequency ...
Ballantyne J C - - 1988
When opiates are administered by the epidural and spinal routes, itching occurs as a side effect. We reviewed 52 reports in the literature of the use of epidural and spinal opiates to assess the incidence of itching and found an overall incidence of 8.5% in patients receiving epidural opiates, and ...
Grisoli F - - 1988
The Authors report four cases of spinal hemangiopericytomas. The diagnosis has been ascertained by electron microscopy. Despite the malignant nature, the association of surgery and radiotherapy is interesting in that it prolongs the survival rate. Clinical, neuroradiological, microscopic and ultrastructural features of intraspinal hemangiopericytomas are evaluated in the light of ...
Dubrow T J - - 1988
There have been 23 true vestigial tails reported in the literature since 1884. A new case is described, and its magnetic resonance imaging and pathological features are presented. A review of the literature and analysis of the pathological characteristics reveal that the vestigial human tail may be associated with other ...
Terunuma H - - 1988
A case of intramedullary spinal cord sarcoidosis with slowly progressing symptoms and signs attributable solely to the spinal cord is reported. Biopsy disclosed granulomatous foci but was not diagnostic of sarcoidosis. However, autopsy showed numerous minute granulomas compatible with those of sarcoidosis disseminated in the lower cervical and upper thoracic ...
Bergoin M - - 1988
We reviewed the results of 22 cases of Cotrel-Dubousset (C-D) instrumentation, 16 cases of anterior approach, and 200 cases of posterior approach by Harrington instrumentation and modifications of Harrington procedure. Posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation by C-D gives better correction and stabilization in thoracic and balanced double major curves. We ...
Calliauw L - - 1988
The authors report 4 cases of spinal epidural hematoma without a lesion of the spine. The medical literature relating to this subject is reviewed with special reference to the pathophysiology of the bleeding. There are arguments in favor of the venous origin as well the arterial origin of the bleeding. ...
Brown M S - - 1988
Umbilical artery catheter use in sick newborns has been associated with infarction of major organs such as the intestine and kidneys; spinal cord infarction has also been reported but is rare. We report two cases of spinal cord infarction and review the six others in the literature for preventable or ...
Yamamoto I - - 1988
The authors report seven cases of thoracic spinal stenosis caused by thickening of the laminar arch and facet joints. Claudication was a prominent clinical feature of this disorder. Motor and sensory abnormalities were found in all cases with either segmental or peripheral distribution. Diagnosis was best made from the computerized ...
Houang M - - 1987
OBJECTIVE: To review the first years experience of the only private MRI facility in Australia. METHOD: Utilisation Review. RESULTS: 1497 scans have been comprehensively analysed, with regard to the efficacy of the procedure in examining the brain, spinal cord, the lumbar region and the knee joint.
Lyons B M - - 1987
We have reviewed 21 cases with the clinical diagnosis of Post Traumatic Syringomyelia (P.T.S.). Fifteen of these cases had proven syrinx formation on Contrast Computed Tomography (C.C.T.) and the other 6 had obviously abnormal cords. A much earlier onset of P.T.C.M. was found in complete spinal injuries than in incomplete ...
Spanu G - - 1987
Authors present 2 cases of spinal epidural hematoma without vertebral fracture or dislocation and review the literature. 169 fully described cases were found in literature and have been analyzed. Data confirm our opinion that the results of an early diagnosis is a better prognosis. The severity of preoperative neurological status ...
Jentzen J M - - 1987
Medical and surgical complications of chiropractic manipulation occur infrequently in relation to the number of procedures performed. These complications include intracranial hemorrhage, spinal cord injuries, trauma to the carotid and vertebral arteries, and vertebral-basilar distribution infarction. This is a report of a case of vertebrobasilar infarction following chiropractic manipulation leading ...
Mayer F A - - 1987
Spinal anesthesia is a frequently used technique for surgery of the lower extremities. A complication of this form of regional anesthesia is post-lumbar puncture headache. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential in preventing prolonged disability and neurologic sequelae. Two case reports are presented, followed by a review of the literature ...
Nguyen J P - - 1987
Six cases of spinal hemangiomas with neurologic symptoms are reported. In three of them the diagnosis was obtained before surgery using plain x-rays and spinal computed tomography scan or biopsy. In the other cases the diagnosis was not done before surgery. In two cases preoperative embolization had minimized blood loss ...
Tomarken J L - - 1987
Spinal subdural hematoma (SSH) is an uncommon entity. There is a higher incidence among patients with a bleeding diathesis and among those with a bleeding diathesis having a lumbar puncture. The case reported here is of a 65-year-old woman on oral anticoagulants presenting with atypical symptoms who developed SSH over ...
Hirayama K - - 1987
A new clinical entity under the name of "juvenile muscular atrophy of unilateral upper extremity" was first described in 1959. Although about 150 cases in Japan, and several additional cases in other countries, have been clinically reported in the literature, the pathology has remained unknown because of the benign course ...
Bodenham A - - 1987
Two patients who each had a paralysed left vocal cord are discussed. Both had poor coughing ability preoperatively. The affected cords had been injected with tetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) paste 3 days before operation and this had given immediate improvement in coughing and speech. During induction of anaesthesia, respiratory obstruction occurred that ...
Stevens J M - - 1987
A case of myelopathy with both intradural and extradural spinal arachnoid cysts is reported treated by cysto-peritoneal shunt, the spinal end of which was inserted percutaneously under fluoroscopic control. The site of drainage was determined by findings at computed myelography. The case illustrates the value of the latter in demonstrating ...
Namer I J - - 1987
Between the years of 1970-1982 29 spinal meningioma cases were operated on; 22 cases (76%) were female and 7 (24%) were male. The youngest patient was 16, and the oldest was 68 years old. On neurological examination, patients had neurological deficits in varying degrees. Diagnosis were done by myelography in ...
Davis C - - 1987
Compression of the anterior aspect of the thoracic cord is a common neurosurgical emergency. Treatment is generally unrewarding. Decompression by the anterior and antero-lateral approach is difficult and time consuming, and decompressive laminectomy offers poor results. It is suggested that in selected cases the removal of a small part posterior ...
Anderson J R - - 1987
This case report describes a paraganglioma of the cauda equina in a 63 year old woman. Very few examples of paraganglioma have been recorded in this site. Histologically these neoplasms may have considerable similarity with ependymoma, the most common neoplasm of the lower spinal cord, and the diagnosis can be ...
Nielsen O G - - 1987
Familial accumulation of spinal osteochondrosis (Scheuermann's disease) and hereditary juvenile anterior fusion of the vertebral bodies in the thoraco-lumbal area are reported for the first time in the same family. Radiological examination of the spine in 2 planes of 73 persons formed the basis for the study. Nine cases of ...
Dore D D - - 1987
A 34-year-old woman with congenital cleidocranial dysostosis had scoliosis diagnosed at age 13. The scoliosis was treated during adolescence with spinal orthoses but continued to progress after skeletal maturation. She was diagnosed as having syringomyelia at age 34. The possibility of syringomyelia should be considered in patients with cleidocranial dysostosis, ...
Pásztor A - - 1987
Age-dependent characteristics of the clinical course of traumatic epidural haematomas of the infant and child have been summarized in a survey of 34 cases. Establishing the diagnosis of epidural haematoma is not an immediate indication for surgery in the infant, because there are cases of spontaneous drainage of the haematoma ...
Alfonso I - - 1986
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis is a rare hamartomatosis involving the craniofacial region and the central nervous system. The most prominent clinical features are large areas of scalp alopecia, soft subcutaneous craniofacial masses, lipomas, connective tissue nevi of the eyelids and surrounding areas, pterygium-like choriostoma of the ocular conjunctiva, mental retardation, motor deficit, ...
Sceats D J DJ - - 1986
Primary leptomeningeal gliomas are rare. Historically, they have been found in the spinal canal more frequently; however, in the recent literature nearly all have been found within the cranium. In the only cadaveric study of leptomeningeal glial nests, the most frequent site was the medulla and pons. Until now, no ...
Arias M J - - 1986
An unusual case of spontaneous spinal subarachnoid haematoma (SAH) is reported. A 42-year-old man developed sudden and excruciating back pain immediately after sitting up from a supine position, and meningeal irritation and spinal cord compression signs of then appeared. Myelography disclosed a filling defect of contrast column at T2 level. ...
Levack B - - 1986
Five cases of hydatid disease affecting the vertebrae are described. Clinical features, radiologic appearance, and poor prognosis are emphasized. Four patients had some degree of neurologic deficit at the time of presentation and in three cases there was an increasing kyphosis. In two patients, spinal instrumentation with Harrington apparatus supplemented ...
Feldmann E - - 1986
A 68-year-old woman presented with an 18-month history of low back pain followed by leg weakness, dementia, and incontinence. Myelography revealed an intradural, extramedullary block from L-2 to L-4, and cranial computed tomography demonstrated ventriculomegaly. Excision of a benign schwannoma resulted in rapid relief of back pain and more gradual ...
Klein D M - - 1986
Although Scheuermann's disease (juvenile dorsal kyphosis) is a common problem of late childhood and adolescence, its potential for neurological complications is not widely appreciated. In rare instances, spinal cord compression appears to be produced by the kyphotic protrusion alone, and we present an example of this unusual problem. Although the ...
Kobori M - - 1986
Two cases of symptomatic atlanto-axial dislocation in association with Down's syndrome are reported. The first patient showed spinal cord compression and had an ossiculum terminale; the second showed neck pain and had anteriorly inclined facet joint of the axis. Complete reduction was not obtained in either case. Both patients were ...
Nykoliation J W - - 1986
Scoliosis is a lateral and rotary deformity of the spine that is often found in children. Treatment of this deformity is based on the principle of early recognition and prevention, although surgical correction may be warranted in the case of progressive curves. There is no scientific evidence that spinal manipulative ...
Thompson W F - - 1986
This case report and review of the literature is presented to create a greater diagnostic awareness of occult spinal dysraphism. Early recognition is based upon an understanding of this congenital anomaly and its variable presentations. These most commonly include abnormal gait, various cutaneous manifestations, particularly subcutaneous lipomata, and less frequently ...
Wu W Q - - 1986
Gunshot injuries to the spine and spinal cord were covered adequately in the literature shortly after World War II. Similar injuries in the civilian population have been reported in the literature with regard to surgical and nonsurgical treatment. However, the two cases reported here concern intraspinally retained foreign bodies (one ...
McLaren A C - - 1986
Six cases of acute postdiscectomy cauda equina syndrome (C.E.S.) following lumbar discectomy were reviewed retrospectively in a series of 2842 lumbar discectomies over a ten-year period. Five cases had coexisting bony spinal stenosis at the level of the disc protrusion. The bony spinal stenosis was not decompressed at the time ...
Nishiura I - - 1986
Three cases of haemangiolipoma are described. Two of them were in the thoracic region and one in the lumbar region. All of them were subtotally removed, positively diagnosed histologically and good recovery was obtained. In reviewing 16 previous cases, the clinical characteristics, neurological features and neuroradiological findings were noted. Spinal ...
Ibrahim A W - - 1986
A case of ectopic extraspinal meningioma is reported which presented as a tumor at the back of the neck of a 51-year-old woman. This neoplasm was of considerable size and arose extradurally in the region of the C-2 nerve root, with its main bulk lying almost totally outside the spinal ...
Maynard F M - - 1986
Based on the author's experience with more than 20 cases of immobilization hypercalcemia following spinal cord injury, current concepts of this condition are presented. Symptoms may be mild or severe: laboratory findings are essential for differential diagnosis in older individuals, in whom preinjury Paget's disease and mild primary hyperparathyroidism must ...
Weisz G M - - 1986
A normal width of the peridural intracanal spinal space has been described as necessary for normal neural tissue mobility. This virtual functional space, called spinal reserve capacity (SRC) is measurable with the aid of computerized tomography. Aging and various lumbar pathological conditions have been described as leading to attenuation or ...
Feldberg D - - 1986
In a case of spontaneous hematoma of the umbilical cord, no pathologic lesion was found in the umbilical blood vessels. However, an extremely short cord (14 cm) may have contributed to the vessel rupture. A prolonged deceleration discovered during a routine nonstress test led to emergency cesarean section, with delivery ...
Helén P - - 1986
Spinal vascular malformations can present with acute symptoms suggesting spinal cord or nerve root compression. We describe a case of bleeding from a venous hemangioma within the filum terminale. This malformation caused acute compression of the lumbar spinal roots. Thus, vascular malformations may exist behind the symptoms of acute radiating ...
Skouen J S - - 1985
This article reports the case of a man who developed a pure motor paraplegia following epidural anesthesia with a pattern of slow recovery over subsequent months. Reviewing the available literature on post-epidural paraplegia we noted a number of potential etiologies and analyzed their role in its causation. On the basis ...
Scott B A - - 1985
Intractable lower extremity spasms after spinal cord injury is a significant source of morbidity. A case of refractory spasticity in paraplegia was successfully converted to flaccid paraplegia by intrathecal injection of phenol and glycerin in metrizamide. This chemical rhizolysis is simple and effective, and the presence of metrizamide allows both ...
Fager C A - - 1985
Operations on the nervous system continue to result in claims that rank among the most costly. A retrospective review of 300 cases of alleged or potential liability referred for opinion over an 11-year period is reported to catalog areas of vulnerability for the neurosurgeon and to alert younger practitioners in ...
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