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Results 701 - 750 of 902
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Bendon R W - - 1991
In three fetuses, congenital intestinal atresia was associated with linear ulcerations of the umbilical cord. In two cases, hemorrhage was seen from the cord ulcer. Both fetuses required emergency cesarean section for fetal distress and were born anemic. The third fetus was mildly hydropic, attributed to hemorrhage, and was stillborn. ...
Morello A - - 1991
Three cases of cavernous angioma of the spinal dura are reported. Two of them were extradural and located in the thoracic segment. One was intradural and situated in the cervical tract. There seem to be no other cases reported in literature. Their clinical presentation was in no way different from ...
Nobles E - - 1991
A mediastinal ependymoma in a 35-year-old Caucasian woman is reported. The tumor was located in a paravertebral posterior mediastinal location. No continuity with the spinal canal or with the lung was identified. The diagnosis was confirmed by immunoperoxidase staining for glial fibrillary protein and by the presence of cilia within ...
Takayama H - - 1991
We describe a 72-year-old male with bulbospinal muscular atrophy (BSMA) who was being treated for diabetes mellitus and congestive heart failure due to an old myocardial infarction. Although BSMA is a rare form of X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy of late onset, this case is a sporadic case. We ...
Iwamasa T - - 1991
A case of rapidly progressing ascending myelitis was necropsied. Necrosis was present throughout the whole length of the spinal cord and involved both the grey and white matter randomly. The perivascular lymphocytic infiltration in the spinal cord in the present case was more pronounced than that in the previously reported ...
Van den Bergh R - - 1991
The role of trauma in the pathogenesis of syringomyelia has been known for a long time. Repeated microtraumata have been considered to play a role in triggering the classical syringomyelia on the basis of a congenital predisposition. It has been proven that post-traumatic arachnoiditis can cause cavitation in the spinal ...
Corona-Vázquez T - - 1991
A twenty year old man presented an acute hematomyelia at T2-T3 level and had electrocardiographic changes suggesting subendocardial and subepicardial ischemia; he also had precordial pain and elevation of the MB fraction of creatine phosphokinase. Neurons providing heart inervation are located at the T2-T3 spinal level. The electrocardiographic changes observed ...
Weill A - - 1991
Spinal angiolipomas are rare benign tumors containing vascular and mature adipose elements. In greater than 90% of the cases they are located in the epidural space. The clinical symptomatology is nonspecific, but CT and particularly MR studies allow for a precise diagnosis. Computed tomography (four cases in the literature plus ...
Weber W E - - 1991
We report a case of spontaneous posture-dependent headache associated with primary intracranial hypotension (PIH). The spinal fluid pressure was 0 cm H2O. Radioisotope cisternography showed that the cerebrospinal fluid flow was normal at the level of the spinal cord, but was suggestive for a hyperabsorption or leakage of CSF below ...
Lee J P - - 1990
Three cases of isolated spinal extradural cavernous hemangiomas are reported, two in the thoracic and one in the lumbar region. One of them manifested as acute cord compression, the other two as chronic progressive myelopathy or radiculopathy. A total excision or subtotal excision with irradiation was performed. All of them ...
Weil S M - - 1990
A case of an extradural spinal meningioma presenting with a separate intradural meningioma at the same cord level is reported. Review of the English literature on spinal epidural meningiomas reveals a high incidence of concurrent intradural tumors in patients with epidural meningiomas. This leads to the conclusion that the intradural ...
Schwartz H S - - 1990
A case report of a trauma-induced neurologic injury of the spine that resulted in spinal arthropathy, without prior laminectomy, is presented. A review of Charcot joints of the spine is discussed, as well as the three other reported cases currently in the literature, only one of which was managed surgically. ...
Bloom K - - 1990
Paraplegia, a rare complication of schistosomiasis has been reported in the literature. However, a detailed description of neurological recovery and long-term functional follow-up has not been published. In the cases presented, one patient experienced slow recovery over several years and remains nonambulatory. The other patient, infected at the same time ...
Bockenek W L - - 1990
Fibrocartilaginous emboli to spinal cord vessels are a rare and fatal cause of spinal cord injury. We reviewed the medical literature and discovered only 24 cases reported, all in the last 28 years. For all previously reported patients, onset of initial symptoms to maximal neurologic deficit was from a few ...
Groen R J - - 1990
From the literature 199 cases of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) are analyzed. With these data and the vascular anatomical characteristics of the spinal epidural space, the theories on the etiology of the SSEH are discussed. There seems to be no relationship between the SSEH and arterial hypertension. The age ...
Schwerdtfeger K - - 1990
The authors present the case of a 60-year old man with a spontaneous spinal intradural hematoma in the thoracic and lumbar region, which was caused by anticoagulant therapy and led to a severe progressive transverse lesion. After substitution of coagulation factors, a small catheter was inserted into the subarachnoid space ...
Nicolai P - - 1990
Chondrosarcoma is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the larynx and approximately 200 cases have been collected in the world medical literature. It is less aggressive in the larynx than elsewhere: cervical or distant metastases are rare (8.5%), and although local recurrences are not uncommon, they are not catastrophic. A ...
MacDonnell A H - - 1990
Intramedullary spinal tuberculomas are a rare cause of spinal cord compression. We report a recent case and review 17 cases described in the literature since 1960. Intramedullary spinal tuberculomas occurred in relatively young patients (mean age, 28.6 years) and more frequently in women (63% of cases) than in men. The ...
Fujiyama K - - 1990
We report a 6-year-old girl with anaplastic ependymoma probably originating in the region of the conus medullaris and probably spreading retrogradely to the region of the interventricular foramen (Monro) through the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Since ependymoma of the spinal cord rarely occurs in children, and retrograde spreading is extremely rare, ...
Marchese M J - - 1990
We present a case report of a patient with an intramedullary tumor of the midcervical cord. At surgery, the lesion was found to be highly pigmented, and pathological analysis revealed a melanotic schwannoma. Intramedullary schwannomas and melanotic schwannomas are exceedingly rare. This is the second reported case of an intramedullary ...
Dubas F - - 1990
Intravascular malignant lymphomatosis (IML), so-called malignant angioendotheliomatosis, was found in lumbosacral spinal cord and nerve roots of a 78-year-old women who died one month after the onset of symptoms. With regard to the majority of the 37 reviewed neurological cases in the literature, this report is unusual in that the ...
Barbieri F - - 1990
The case of 38-year-old woman bearer of a congenital giant naevus "en pélerine" with numerous neurofibromas and other satellite naevi was reported: the patient was afflicted by spastic tetraparesis, more pronounced on the right side. MRIscan of the spine revealed the presence of a cervical spinal tumor shown histologically to ...
Purohit A K - - 1990
Intramedullary tumors of the spinal cord in childhood are usually of low grades (grades I and II) and are most commonly seen in the cervical and cervicothoracic regions. They present with symptoms and signs of spinal cord tumor. It is uncommon to find an anaplastic astrocytoma situated in the thoracolumbar ...
Pagni C A - - 1990
Subdural intramedullary and extramedullary cavernous angiomas are rare vascular malformations. A case of cavernoma of the cauda equina affecting a 46-year-old man is reported. He presented with low back and sciatic pain. This is the fourth case of cavernoma of the cauda equina in the literature. The available literature on ...
Ramsay D A - - 1990
This autopsy case report describes a clinically aggressive, histologically well-differentiated, diffuse, primary leptomeningeal astrocytoma. This rare tumour produced a meningitic clinical picture associated with hydrocephalus, focal spinal cord necrosis, and signs of spinal and cranial nerve root irritation. Despite the microscopic features, death occurred approximately 7 weeks after the first ...
Sharma R R - - 1990
A case of late progressive myelo-radiculopathy associated with severe canal stenosis secondary to post-traumatic hypertrophy of thoracic laminae and ossification of spinal ligaments viz. ligamentum flavum and posterior longitudinal ligament in the absence of developmental spinal stenosis or post-traumatic deformity, is presented with a brief critical review of the relevant ...
Bondi F S - - 1990
We report the case of a 5-year-old Nigerian boy in whom conus medullaris and cauda enquina compression was due to an intradural lipoma, a rare tumour of the spinal canal in the tropics. The literature on the subject is briefly reviewed and the differential diagnoses are discussed. The occurrence of ...
Pau A - - 1989
Two patients with a herniated disk respectively at the level of the L4-L5 and of the L5-S1 intervertebral spaces presented with pyramidal signs, bladder paralysis and radicular impairment. The symptoms subsided immediately following surgical removal of the prolapsed disk. The role of transient ischemia in the lower segments of the ...
Pittella J E - - 1989
An autopsied case of schistosomiasis mansoni of the spinal cord is reported. The patient had been healthy until about five years before, when he presented with paraparesis, loss of sensibility from the pelvic girdle down and fecal and urinary incontinence which persisted until death. At autopsy there was old necrosis ...
Guha A - - 1989
Subependymomas are benign, usually asymptomatic, intraventricular tumors, the origin of which remains controversial. Spinal cord subependymomas are rare: a literature review yields 10 previous cases which are critically appraised in this report. A case of thoracolumbar intramedullary subependymoma is reported, and the histology, ultrastructure, and pre- and postoperative management are ...
Urios J I - - 1989
Adult neuroblastoma (ANB) is an uncommon malignancy, there being only 42 reported cases in the world literature. The purpose of this report is to present a case of ANB with spinal cord compression by an intraspinal component, and review methods of diagnosis and treatment. NB is one of the most ...
Yamashita K - - 1989
The majority of multiple meningiomas are associated with von Recklinghausen's disease, and those that are not, i.e., true multiple meningiomas, particularly with simultaneous development in the posterior fossa and spinal canal, are very rare. We recently encountered a case of true multiple meningiomas in which the lesions were found simultaneously ...
Hew-Wing P - - 1989
A case is presented of a mother with unanticipated profound thrombocytopenia who received a continuous epidural anaesthetic for labour. No neurological sequelae or excessive bleeding occurred. It is clear, after a review of the literature, that more information is needed to define the lower limits of platelet count at which ...
Padovani R - - 1989
The authors review the clinical course of 29 patients who underwent syringosubarachnoid shunting for syringomyelia. Twenty-two patients presented hindbrain-related syringomyelia; seven patients had non-hindbrain-related syringomyelia secondary to trauma (four cases) and to spinal arachnoiditis (three cases). The surgical technique is described in detail. All patients showed postoperative deflation or collapse ...
Sandson T A - - 1989
While the incidence of spinal cord ischemia is not known, it is generally considered to be rare. Diagnosis of presumed spinal cord ischemia requires the appropriate clinical picture and exclusion of other possible etiologies. Definitive diagnosis usually requires postmortem examination. During a 52-month period, 8 patients with presumed spinal cord ...
Kandel E - - 1989
An exceptional combination of an intracranial convexity and two thoracic spinal meningiomas in a 17-year-old girl is reported. The small meningioma in the left central parasagittal region was removed. One year later, paraplegia rapidly developed. Two meningiomas (one of them ossified) about 2 cm in size were removed from the ...
Littman B H - - 1989
A 28-year-old white man presented with neurologic symptoms and skin changes. Subsequent evaluation led to the diagnosis of transverse myelitis of the cervical spine (C8) and linear scleroderma. The progression of neurologic abnormalities prompted treatment with corticosteroids. Neurologic symptoms diminished and the progression of linear skin lesions halted. A review ...
Saito N - - 1989
A case of intramedullary cavernous angioma of the upper cervical spinal cord, initially associated with trigeminal neuralgia, is reported. Magnetic resonance imaging precisely depicted the entire extent of the lesion. The angioma was totally removed and the operation was successful in relieving the patient of neuralgia. The previously reported 23 ...
Voelker J L - - 1989
While there have been several cases of cerebral histoplasmoma published in the literature, the occurrence of such a lesion in an intramedullary spinal location has not previously been reported. The authors present a patient with a Brown-Séquard lesion secondary to an intramedullary Histoplasma granuloma in the cervical region. The case ...
Kulali A - - 1989
Massive spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage causing compression of the cauda equina is reported. The origin of haemorrhage is concluded to have been an intradural angioblastic meningioma of the filum terminale at the L 3/4. Our paper describes the course of this patient in respect of diagnostic problems and reviews 6 cases ...
Rodillo E - - 1989
We reviewed the incidence and severity of scoliosis in 37 patients with the intermediate type and 26 with the mild type of spinal muscular atrophy. In the intermediate type, scoliosis has an early onset and rapid progression before puberty, and a spinal fusion will be needed in virtually all cases. ...
Kojima Y - - 1989
A 28-year-old female with Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome associated with an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the spinal cord is reported. She was admitted to our hospital with a 4-month history of steadily progressive weakness and dysesthesia of the legs. A nevus flammeus, varices, hypertrophy and elongation of the left leg had been ...
Wirjosemito S A - - 1989
Type II altitude-related decompression sickness (DCS), due to its wide spectrum of symptoms, is often difficult to diagnose. This difficulty sometimes leads unnecessarily to the permanent grounding of an experienced aviator. So that this condition could be better understood, a total of 133 cases of Type II altitude DCS (on ...
Berard E J - - 1989
The authors report two cases of hypothermia due to a treatment associating Bethanechol and Adreno-Blockers. They emphasize the mechanisms of thermoregulation and discuss the pathophysiology of such hypothermia incidents. The most evident explanation is heat loss, principally mediated through Bethanechol, whereas mechanisms of heat preservation are prevented by Adreno-Blockers. Patients ...
Shikata J - - 1989
Atlanto-axial subluxation, which was causing symptoms in eight patients with Down's syndrome, was treated by operation. In every case various congenital bony anomalies were found. Marked myelopathy was present in four cases of ossiculum terminale, and mild myelopathy in one with anteroposterior spondyloschisis. Successful posterior arthrodesis was performed from C1 ...
Amr S S - - 1989
A 13-year old Yemeni boy who presented with flaccid paraplegia was thought to have a spinal cord tumor on myelography. Microscopic examination of surgically excised material revealed bilharzial granulomas. Brief review of relevant literature on schistosomiasis of the spinal cord, with particular reference to the Middle East, is presented.
Saltuari L - - 1989
The association of a syndrome of a degenerative nature such as syringomyelia and a neuroblastoma can be of clinical interest. We will describe the case of a young female suffering from a retroperitoneal neuroblastoma and secondary development of syringomyelia. The possible pathogenetic link between these two pathologies will be discussed. ...
Johnson M D - - 1989
The central nervous system (CNS) findings associated with congenital hypomyelinating polyneuropathy (CHN) are not established due to a paucity of reported post-mortem examinations. In this report we describe the pathologic changes found in the peripheral nervous system and CNS in a 2 1/2-week-old infant with a clinical diagnosis of CHN ...
Yates C M - - 1989
Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) were measured in anterior and posterior grey matter of the lumbar spinal cord and in temporal and frontal cortex from six cases of Alzheimer-type dementia (ATD), one case of Down's syndrome, three cases of schizophrenia (SZ) and six controls. Compared with control and SZ ...
Heinemann A W - - 1988
The validity of self-reported intoxication at time of spinal cord injury (SCI) was examined for 88 cases at admission to an acute SCI center by comparing self-reports with serum and urine analyses. Serum ethanol greater than 50 mg/dl was the most frequently found substance (observed in 40% of the cases) ...
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