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Stranjalis G - - 1992
We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a 1-year history of progressive spastic paraparesis, due to an extradural angiolipoma of the mid-thoracic spine. The MRI appearance of the angiolipoma is reported here for the first time. This appearance is characteristic, allows preoperative diagnosis and assists planning of the ...
Roy-Camille R - - 1991
Spinal epidural lipomatosis associated with Cushing's syndrome is an uncommon complication (11 reported cases). Two additional symptomatic cases with neurologic deficit are described. Steroid treatment was systemic in the first case and local with epidural injections in the second. The second case is unique because no similar observations have yet ...
Cushman L A - - 1991
The majority of cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) occur during car crashes. Yet, relatively little is known about the precise accident factors involved. The present study investigated 30 cases of SCI in automobile drivers that occurred in a series of 91 spinal cord injuries. A matched control group was ...
Hess J H - - 1991
This is a review of literature from 1943 to mid-1989 on the postdural puncture headache. The article looks at the currently held thoughts on the cause, prevention, and treatments of this second most frequent side effect of spinal anesthesia. Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is caused by vascular distension within the ...
Marbaix E - - 1991
A report is presented of the first histological study of GAX-collagen injected into the human vocal cord. The study concerns a specimen from an arytenoidectomy performed 28 months after injection. As it had already been the case in the animal, the excellent integration of GAX-collagen with the host-tissues has been ...
Craig A D - - 1991
The location of the ascending axons of spinal lamina I cells was studied in cats that received injections of Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) in the superficial dorsal horn of the cervical or lumbosacral enlargement. Lamina I axons that could be ascribed to the spinothalamic tract (STT) were of particular interest. ...
Bason R - - 1991
This report presents data on the U.S. Navy's experience in decompression sickness occurring in operational flight from 1 January 1969 to 30 December 1989. During these 21 years, decompression sickness was reported in 12 USN aircraft and involved 15 aircrew. The primary cause of decompression, as might be expected, was ...
Murphy M A - - 1991
Spontaneous intraspinal haematomas due to anticoagulants are uncommon, and usually extradural or subdural. Intramedullary haematomas are particularly rare, and only two case reports were found in the literature. We report a case of a thoracic intramedullary haemorrhage in a 61 year old man who had been commenced on warfarin 1 ...
Belzberg A J - - 1991
Recent publications have endeavoured to differentiate between the true, or vestigial tail, and the pseudotail by clinical and pathological examination, and have indicated the benign nature of the true tail. The true tail arises from the most distal remnant of the embryonic tail, contains adipose, connective, muscle, and nerve tissue, ...
Meythaler J M - - 1991
Spinal cord seizures are infrequently reported. They have been associated with intravenous dye placement, transverse myelitis and multiple sclerosis, but never with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). We report the case of a 48-year-old SCI male with complete C6 quadriplegia, and apparent spinal cord seizures. These seizures were characterised by ...
Bills D C - - 1991
Spinal subdural haematoma is a rare condition, usually seen in association with lumbar puncture or a bleeding disorder. It carries a high morbidity and mortality, and successful treatment requires prompt surgical intervention. We present a case of mixed spinal subarachnoid and subdural haemorrhage complicating failed spinal anaesthesia combined with anti-coagulation ...
Amirjamshidi A - - 1991
Extramedullary hematopoietic tissue occurring within the extramedullary space and causing cord compression is an unusual occurrence in childhood and adolescence, and only four cases have been reported during the first two decades of life. We had the opportunity to treat a 16-year-old girl and a 14-year-old boy with paraparesis secondary ...
Poungvarin N - - 1991
The authors reported two cases of vertebral haemangiomas with spinal cord compression. The first case deteriorated during her pregnancy. Plain radiography of the thoracic spine gave the hint for the diagnosis and computed axial tomography showed the lesion. She was treated via surgical removal with minimal improvement of her paraparesis. ...
Williams F C - - 1991
The case is reported of a 16-year-old girl with an anterior thoracic spinal cord arteriovenous malformation (AVM) who presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage and sudden change in lower-extremity strength. Spinal angiography revealed a Type II (glomus) intramedullary AVM at the T7-8 level fed by multiple branches of the anterior spinal artery. ...
Xie R - - 1991
It is generally believed that epidural blocks are most widely used in China. However, there is yet no substantial study in this respect. A nation-wide survey appears to be necessary. Questionnaires were sent to 237 hospitals located in 6 geographically wide-scattered areas and to some military hospitals as well. 90 ...
Keohane C - - 1991
A case of Hurler's disease is reported in a child with a gibbous deformity of the lumbar vertebrae L1/L2 and a localized diastematomyelia of the spinal cord at L1/L3. The association of an enzyme disorder affecting connective tissue with spinal cord dysraphism has not been reported before, and may be ...
Sipski M L - - 1991
In this paper the sexual response cycle and neurologic pathways involved in sexual functioning are reviewed. This is used as a foundation to review the spinal cord injury literature and examine what is primarily self-reported regarding sexual function with varying types of spinal cord injury. A recommendation is made for ...
Bendon R W - - 1991
In three fetuses, congenital intestinal atresia was associated with linear ulcerations of the umbilical cord. In two cases, hemorrhage was seen from the cord ulcer. Both fetuses required emergency cesarean section for fetal distress and were born anemic. The third fetus was mildly hydropic, attributed to hemorrhage, and was stillborn. ...
Morello A - - 1991
Three cases of cavernous angioma of the spinal dura are reported. Two of them were extradural and located in the thoracic segment. One was intradural and situated in the cervical tract. There seem to be no other cases reported in literature. Their clinical presentation was in no way different from ...
Nobles E - - 1991
A mediastinal ependymoma in a 35-year-old Caucasian woman is reported. The tumor was located in a paravertebral posterior mediastinal location. No continuity with the spinal canal or with the lung was identified. The diagnosis was confirmed by immunoperoxidase staining for glial fibrillary protein and by the presence of cilia within ...
Takayama H - - 1991
We describe a 72-year-old male with bulbospinal muscular atrophy (BSMA) who was being treated for diabetes mellitus and congestive heart failure due to an old myocardial infarction. Although BSMA is a rare form of X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy of late onset, this case is a sporadic case. We ...
Iwamasa T - - 1991
A case of rapidly progressing ascending myelitis was necropsied. Necrosis was present throughout the whole length of the spinal cord and involved both the grey and white matter randomly. The perivascular lymphocytic infiltration in the spinal cord in the present case was more pronounced than that in the previously reported ...
Van den Bergh R - - 1991
The role of trauma in the pathogenesis of syringomyelia has been known for a long time. Repeated microtraumata have been considered to play a role in triggering the classical syringomyelia on the basis of a congenital predisposition. It has been proven that post-traumatic arachnoiditis can cause cavitation in the spinal ...
Corona-Vázquez T - - 1991
A twenty year old man presented an acute hematomyelia at T2-T3 level and had electrocardiographic changes suggesting subendocardial and subepicardial ischemia; he also had precordial pain and elevation of the MB fraction of creatine phosphokinase. Neurons providing heart inervation are located at the T2-T3 spinal level. The electrocardiographic changes observed ...
Weill A - - 1991
Spinal angiolipomas are rare benign tumors containing vascular and mature adipose elements. In greater than 90% of the cases they are located in the epidural space. The clinical symptomatology is nonspecific, but CT and particularly MR studies allow for a precise diagnosis. Computed tomography (four cases in the literature plus ...
Weber W E - - 1991
We report a case of spontaneous posture-dependent headache associated with primary intracranial hypotension (PIH). The spinal fluid pressure was 0 cm H2O. Radioisotope cisternography showed that the cerebrospinal fluid flow was normal at the level of the spinal cord, but was suggestive for a hyperabsorption or leakage of CSF below ...
Lee J P - - 1990
Three cases of isolated spinal extradural cavernous hemangiomas are reported, two in the thoracic and one in the lumbar region. One of them manifested as acute cord compression, the other two as chronic progressive myelopathy or radiculopathy. A total excision or subtotal excision with irradiation was performed. All of them ...
Weil S M - - 1990
A case of an extradural spinal meningioma presenting with a separate intradural meningioma at the same cord level is reported. Review of the English literature on spinal epidural meningiomas reveals a high incidence of concurrent intradural tumors in patients with epidural meningiomas. This leads to the conclusion that the intradural ...
Schwartz H S - - 1990
A case report of a trauma-induced neurologic injury of the spine that resulted in spinal arthropathy, without prior laminectomy, is presented. A review of Charcot joints of the spine is discussed, as well as the three other reported cases currently in the literature, only one of which was managed surgically. ...
Bloom K - - 1990
Paraplegia, a rare complication of schistosomiasis has been reported in the literature. However, a detailed description of neurological recovery and long-term functional follow-up has not been published. In the cases presented, one patient experienced slow recovery over several years and remains nonambulatory. The other patient, infected at the same time ...
Bockenek W L - - 1990
Fibrocartilaginous emboli to spinal cord vessels are a rare and fatal cause of spinal cord injury. We reviewed the medical literature and discovered only 24 cases reported, all in the last 28 years. For all previously reported patients, onset of initial symptoms to maximal neurologic deficit was from a few ...
Groen R J - - 1990
From the literature 199 cases of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) are analyzed. With these data and the vascular anatomical characteristics of the spinal epidural space, the theories on the etiology of the SSEH are discussed. There seems to be no relationship between the SSEH and arterial hypertension. The age ...
Schwerdtfeger K - - 1990
The authors present the case of a 60-year old man with a spontaneous spinal intradural hematoma in the thoracic and lumbar region, which was caused by anticoagulant therapy and led to a severe progressive transverse lesion. After substitution of coagulation factors, a small catheter was inserted into the subarachnoid space ...
Nicolai P - - 1990
Chondrosarcoma is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the larynx and approximately 200 cases have been collected in the world medical literature. It is less aggressive in the larynx than elsewhere: cervical or distant metastases are rare (8.5%), and although local recurrences are not uncommon, they are not catastrophic. A ...
MacDonnell A H - - 1990
Intramedullary spinal tuberculomas are a rare cause of spinal cord compression. We report a recent case and review 17 cases described in the literature since 1960. Intramedullary spinal tuberculomas occurred in relatively young patients (mean age, 28.6 years) and more frequently in women (63% of cases) than in men. The ...
Fujiyama K - - 1990
We report a 6-year-old girl with anaplastic ependymoma probably originating in the region of the conus medullaris and probably spreading retrogradely to the region of the interventricular foramen (Monro) through the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Since ependymoma of the spinal cord rarely occurs in children, and retrograde spreading is extremely rare, ...
Marchese M J - - 1990
We present a case report of a patient with an intramedullary tumor of the midcervical cord. At surgery, the lesion was found to be highly pigmented, and pathological analysis revealed a melanotic schwannoma. Intramedullary schwannomas and melanotic schwannomas are exceedingly rare. This is the second reported case of an intramedullary ...
Dubas F - - 1990
Intravascular malignant lymphomatosis (IML), so-called malignant angioendotheliomatosis, was found in lumbosacral spinal cord and nerve roots of a 78-year-old women who died one month after the onset of symptoms. With regard to the majority of the 37 reviewed neurological cases in the literature, this report is unusual in that the ...
Barbieri F - - 1990
The case of 38-year-old woman bearer of a congenital giant naevus "en pélerine" with numerous neurofibromas and other satellite naevi was reported: the patient was afflicted by spastic tetraparesis, more pronounced on the right side. MRIscan of the spine revealed the presence of a cervical spinal tumor shown histologically to ...
Purohit A K - - 1990
Intramedullary tumors of the spinal cord in childhood are usually of low grades (grades I and II) and are most commonly seen in the cervical and cervicothoracic regions. They present with symptoms and signs of spinal cord tumor. It is uncommon to find an anaplastic astrocytoma situated in the thoracolumbar ...
Pagni C A - - 1990
Subdural intramedullary and extramedullary cavernous angiomas are rare vascular malformations. A case of cavernoma of the cauda equina affecting a 46-year-old man is reported. He presented with low back and sciatic pain. This is the fourth case of cavernoma of the cauda equina in the literature. The available literature on ...
Ramsay D A - - 1990
This autopsy case report describes a clinically aggressive, histologically well-differentiated, diffuse, primary leptomeningeal astrocytoma. This rare tumour produced a meningitic clinical picture associated with hydrocephalus, focal spinal cord necrosis, and signs of spinal and cranial nerve root irritation. Despite the microscopic features, death occurred approximately 7 weeks after the first ...
Sharma R R - - 1990
A case of late progressive myelo-radiculopathy associated with severe canal stenosis secondary to post-traumatic hypertrophy of thoracic laminae and ossification of spinal ligaments viz. ligamentum flavum and posterior longitudinal ligament in the absence of developmental spinal stenosis or post-traumatic deformity, is presented with a brief critical review of the relevant ...
Bondi F S - - 1990
We report the case of a 5-year-old Nigerian boy in whom conus medullaris and cauda enquina compression was due to an intradural lipoma, a rare tumour of the spinal canal in the tropics. The literature on the subject is briefly reviewed and the differential diagnoses are discussed. The occurrence of ...
Pau A - - 1989
Two patients with a herniated disk respectively at the level of the L4-L5 and of the L5-S1 intervertebral spaces presented with pyramidal signs, bladder paralysis and radicular impairment. The symptoms subsided immediately following surgical removal of the prolapsed disk. The role of transient ischemia in the lower segments of the ...
Pittella J E - - 1989
An autopsied case of schistosomiasis mansoni of the spinal cord is reported. The patient had been healthy until about five years before, when he presented with paraparesis, loss of sensibility from the pelvic girdle down and fecal and urinary incontinence which persisted until death. At autopsy there was old necrosis ...
Guha A - - 1989
Subependymomas are benign, usually asymptomatic, intraventricular tumors, the origin of which remains controversial. Spinal cord subependymomas are rare: a literature review yields 10 previous cases which are critically appraised in this report. A case of thoracolumbar intramedullary subependymoma is reported, and the histology, ultrastructure, and pre- and postoperative management are ...
Urios J I - - 1989
Adult neuroblastoma (ANB) is an uncommon malignancy, there being only 42 reported cases in the world literature. The purpose of this report is to present a case of ANB with spinal cord compression by an intraspinal component, and review methods of diagnosis and treatment. NB is one of the most ...
Yamashita K - - 1989
The majority of multiple meningiomas are associated with von Recklinghausen's disease, and those that are not, i.e., true multiple meningiomas, particularly with simultaneous development in the posterior fossa and spinal canal, are very rare. We recently encountered a case of true multiple meningiomas in which the lesions were found simultaneously ...
Hew-Wing P - - 1989
A case is presented of a mother with unanticipated profound thrombocytopenia who received a continuous epidural anaesthetic for labour. No neurological sequelae or excessive bleeding occurred. It is clear, after a review of the literature, that more information is needed to define the lower limits of platelet count at which ...
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