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Kardash K - - 1993
A case is presented of a 33-yr-old parturient with Harrington fusion of her spine who received spinal anaesthesia with 15 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine for Caesarean delivery. Multiple attempts of needle insertion in both midline and paramedian at the L3-4 interspace were unsuccessful, whereas the procedure was performed uneventfully at the ...
Walker B F - - 1993
A review of the etiology, clinical, radiological and laboratory presentation, differential diagnosis and management of spinal stenosis is presented.
Glassman S D - - 1993
The ability to monitor the descending motor pathways of the spinal cord during surgery is an important goal in neurophysiologic monitoring of spinal deformities. This report describes a case of a severe spinal deformity for which instrumentation and reduction carried a significant risk of neurologic complications. During the procedure, changes ...
Chakrabortty S - - 1993
Tail-like caudal appendages may be associated with spinal dysraphism, particularly with spinal lipomas or lipomyelomeningoceles. An unusual case is presented of a patient with a myelomeningocele and a thick filum terminale with tethered spinal cord, which presented with the external appearance of a human tail. A review of the literature ...
Delamarter R B - - 1993
A 62-year-old man demonstrated symptoms, signs, and radiographic evidence of lumbar spinal stenosis and intraoperative pathologic findings of tophaceous deposition in the ligamentum flavum. Although there have been reports of cervical calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition (CPPD) with neurologic compression, this report appears to be the first case of lumbar ...
Reecer M V - - 1993
Prochlorperazine, a piperazine phenothiazine, is a commonly used anti-emetic that blocks dopamine receptors in the central nervous system. Prochlorperazine causes various extrapyramidal syndromes, with the incidence in the inpatient population estimated to be 0.5 to 0.8%. These side effects are typically manifested by motor dysfunction and easily observed on physical ...
de Peretti F - - 1993
We report the case of a patient suffering from spinal epidural haematoma and thoracic spinal fracture, and from ankylosing spondylitis. Fourteen cases of spinal epidural haematoma in association with ankylosing spondylitis have been reported in the literature, 12 of them at a cervical level. Spinal epidural haematoma found in patients ...
Feldman M D - - 1993
Scoliosis causing neurologic deficit is rare. Nonoperative treatment has been shown to be unsuccessful in reversing the condition or preventing further neurologic progression. Surgical intervention using the Hyndman-Schneider approach (costotransversectomy and apical pedicle resection) decompresses the spinal cord by transposing it into the concavity of the deformity. Although it is ...
Isidro-Llorens A - - 1993
Cysticercosis is the commonest parasitic disease to affect the central nervous system (CNS). According to the World Health Organisation (1988), more than 2.5 million people worldwide are infected. Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is caused by the encysted larval form (porcine tapeworm) of Taenia solium (Cysticerus cellulosae). The ways in which the eggs ...
Biswal B M - - 1993
A case of spinal cord compression due to vertebral haemangioma is described as presenting as part of the Kasabach-Merritt syndrome, which is characterized by bleeding disorder, thrombocytopenia and leukopenia. A dramatic improvement in neurological status and coagulation profile following surgical decompression and postoperative radiotherapy is reported. A brief review of ...
Kato T - - 1993
The spinal cords from eight autopsy cases of sporadic motor neuron disease (MND) and two control cases were immunohistochemically examined using antibodies directed to neurofilament proteins (anti-Nf) and to heparan sulfate (HepSS-1). Variable numbers of spheroids were observed in the anterior horns in the MND cases. In one case of ...
Willoughby K - - 1992
A captive adult puma developed ataxia, a hypermetric gait and whole body tremor. The signs progressed over a period of six weeks. Histopathological examination following euthanasia demonstrated spongiform encephalopathy, gliosis and mild non-suppurative meningoencephalitis. Immunostaining with a polyclonal antiserum revealed prion protein (PrP) associated with these changes in sections of ...
Westbrook J L - - 1992
We have conducted a prospective study into the ease of use and incidence of postdural puncture headache with the 'Portex' combined spinal/epidural set. The pack contains a 16-gauge Tuohy needle of standard 8 cm shaft length with a matching 26-gauge pencil point spinal needle. The study included 150 consecutive combined ...
Acciarri N - - 1992
A case of Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the spine causing myeloradiculopathy is reported. Almost complete regression of symptoms and signs was observed in the patient after surgical treatment and radiotherapy. The clinical and histological features of the disease are discussed. The literature dealing with the previously reported cases of spinal ...
Loft L M - - 1992
Hiccups (singultus) usually present as a common annoyance lasting for short periods. Rarely, they may be the harbinger of a serious disease. We present the case of a 19-year-old man in which intractable hiccups was the first and most prominent symptom of a serious underlying neurologic disorder. The patient had ...
Shott S R - - 1992
Four cases of respiratory distress and apnea associated with an elongated uvula are presented. In all cases, the uvula was found to intermittently fall onto the epiglottis and vocal cords. In all four patients, resection of the uvula led to resolution of all airway symptoms. It is hypothesized that the ...
Kuhn J J - - 1992
Involvement of the larynx by mycosis fungoides is extremely rare with only three reported clinical cases in the English-language literature. We present two patients with laryngeal mycosis fungoides, one of whom presented with vocal cord paresis (progressing to paralysis) as the initial clinical manifestation of laryngeal involvement. Our clinical findings ...
Malzer U - - 1992
We report the case of a delayed partial posttraumatic vertebral body necrosis (PVBN) 1 year after a spinal trauma. Operative treatment became necessary due to incipient paraplegia. PVBN, also known as Kümmell-Verneuil's disease, can occur as a rare but serious complication several months or even years after a spinal trauma. ...
Eltorai I - - 1992
Autonomic dysreflexia is the most important specific complication of high level spinal cord injury both in tetraplegic and in paraplegic patients above the midthoracic neural segment. It is a life threatening emergency that may lead to apoplexy. We present a case of fatal cerebral hemorrhage due to autonomic dysreflexia in ...
Sliwa J A - - 1992
Despite advances in acute care and long term management, traumatic spinal cord injury remains a devastating and disabling event. This report describes the case of a second traumatic spinal cord injury in a previously rehabilitated and functionally independent paraplegic. Factors potentially associated with the second spinal cord injury in this ...
Fujita K - - 1992
We report seven cases of hypopituitarism all having a history of breech delivery, asphyxia at birth, and syringomyelia. A small pituitary gland was found on MRI or CT in six cases, invisible pituitary stalk on MRI in five cases, and type 1 Arnold-Chiari malformation in six cases. A constellation of ...
Urasaki E - - 1992
The case of a brain-dead patient with complex movements of the extremities (Lazarus' sign) is reported. This is the first description in the literature of short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP's) following median-nerve stimulation by a noncephalic reference method. The scalp P14 wave (a far-field positivity with a peak latency around ...
Fessler R G - - 1992
Epidural lipomatosis is a condition in which excess adipose tissue is deposited circumferentially about the spinal cord in the epidural space. It is most frequently seen in patients on chronic steroid treatment for a variety of medical problems and can present as nonspecific back pain, radiculopathy, or frank spinal cord ...
Murty G E - - 1992
Recordings by combined glottography of vocal cord movements in patients with a vocal cord palsy were compared with a control group. In paralysis of the vocal cord the open quotient (OQ) is increased and the speed quotient (SQ) decreased. This system may have potential in the diagnosis and continued assessment ...
Rawlins B A - - 1992
Excessive deposition of fat in the epidural space is rare. In a recent review of the literature, there were 15 reported cases, 14 were associated with steroid use and one was attributed to hypothyroidism. This report reviews treatment of a patient with symptoms of cauda equina compression caused by epidural ...
Cho Y D - - 1992
A case of rare intraspinal sparganosis treated by surgical excision is described. In this 59-year-old male with paraparesis and voiding problem, an intradural mass was noted on myelogram. Magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomographic appearance of spinal and associated cerebral lesion are illustrated and possible route of migration discussed. This ...
Todiere A - - 1992
The author reports a case of severely displaced fracture of the thoracic spine without neurologic damage in a 27-year-old man. The lesion was treated by open reduction, internal fixation, and posterolateral spinal fusion. A precise description of the clinical, radiographic, and CT features of the lesion is provided in order ...
Bourliere Najean B - - 1992
The results of MRI and MIBG scintigraphy performed on the spine of 14 children with neuroblastoma are reported. In 6 cases of diffuse spinal bone marrow tumor infiltration, diagnosis is easier with MIBG scintigraphy than with MRI. In 5 cases, MRI detected hyposignal of the vertebral body without any spinal ...
Gramm H J - - 1992
The case report presents evidence for the spinal origin of the marked hypertensive responses to noxious stimuli that may occur in organ donors who fulfill the commonly accepted criteria of brain death. Cardiovascular spinal reflex activity does not invalidate these criteria. For the first time, the catecholamine plasma concentrations have ...
Pitt M A - - 1992
We report a case of oligodendroglioma of the fourth ventricle complicated by disseminated intracranial and spinal oligodendrogliomatosis. This is further evidence that primary oligodendrogliomas arising in close proximity to the cerebrospinal pathway have a predilection for spontaneous dissemination. This condition should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hydrocephalus and ...
Schwaninger M - - 1992
The case of a 41 year old woman with a cerebral glioblastoma is reported who developed paraplegia due to a pathologically confirmed spinal metastasis. This and 22 other case histories from the literature suggest that spinal seeding is a rather late complication of cerebral glioblastomas that can be diagnosed on ...
Admiraal P - - 1992
We present a case of spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage due to an ependymoma of the filum terminale in a 23-year-old male. Clinical signs indicating a spinal origin of the subarachnoid hemorrhage are discussed. Subarachnoid hemorrhages are only rarely caused by an intraspinal tumor, most of which are located in the cauda ...
Salvati M - - 1992
Subependymoma is an uncommon, benign and, as a rule, asymptomatic lesion of the central nervous system, only rarely recorded at spinal level. The case reported here brings the total number of spinal subependymomas so far described to 16. The relevant literature is reviewed and the salient features of these tumors ...
Monu J U - - 1992
An unusual case of infarction of the tibia in a neonate who presented with sepsis following poor cord management at birth is reported. He was managed as for necrotizing enterocolitis and had limited debridement of infarcted limb because the parents refused amputation of the limb. This patient was a diagnostic ...
Sharma R - - 1992
Intradural cavernomas are rare vascular lesions of the spinal cord. Four cases of histologically verified cavernomas of the cord are reported, of which two were extramedullary and two were intramedullary in location. Progressive neurological deficit was the presenting feature in three cases while one patient had a rapid evolution of ...
Stranjalis G - - 1992
We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a 1-year history of progressive spastic paraparesis, due to an extradural angiolipoma of the mid-thoracic spine. The MRI appearance of the angiolipoma is reported here for the first time. This appearance is characteristic, allows preoperative diagnosis and assists planning of the ...
Roy-Camille R - - 1991
Spinal epidural lipomatosis associated with Cushing's syndrome is an uncommon complication (11 reported cases). Two additional symptomatic cases with neurologic deficit are described. Steroid treatment was systemic in the first case and local with epidural injections in the second. The second case is unique because no similar observations have yet ...
Cushman L A - - 1991
The majority of cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) occur during car crashes. Yet, relatively little is known about the precise accident factors involved. The present study investigated 30 cases of SCI in automobile drivers that occurred in a series of 91 spinal cord injuries. A matched control group was ...
Hess J H - - 1991
This is a review of literature from 1943 to mid-1989 on the postdural puncture headache. The article looks at the currently held thoughts on the cause, prevention, and treatments of this second most frequent side effect of spinal anesthesia. Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is caused by vascular distension within the ...
Marbaix E - - 1991
A report is presented of the first histological study of GAX-collagen injected into the human vocal cord. The study concerns a specimen from an arytenoidectomy performed 28 months after injection. As it had already been the case in the animal, the excellent integration of GAX-collagen with the host-tissues has been ...
Craig A D - - 1991
The location of the ascending axons of spinal lamina I cells was studied in cats that received injections of Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) in the superficial dorsal horn of the cervical or lumbosacral enlargement. Lamina I axons that could be ascribed to the spinothalamic tract (STT) were of particular interest. ...
Bason R - - 1991
This report presents data on the U.S. Navy's experience in decompression sickness occurring in operational flight from 1 January 1969 to 30 December 1989. During these 21 years, decompression sickness was reported in 12 USN aircraft and involved 15 aircrew. The primary cause of decompression, as might be expected, was ...
Murphy M A - - 1991
Spontaneous intraspinal haematomas due to anticoagulants are uncommon, and usually extradural or subdural. Intramedullary haematomas are particularly rare, and only two case reports were found in the literature. We report a case of a thoracic intramedullary haemorrhage in a 61 year old man who had been commenced on warfarin 1 ...
Belzberg A J - - 1991
Recent publications have endeavoured to differentiate between the true, or vestigial tail, and the pseudotail by clinical and pathological examination, and have indicated the benign nature of the true tail. The true tail arises from the most distal remnant of the embryonic tail, contains adipose, connective, muscle, and nerve tissue, ...
Meythaler J M - - 1991
Spinal cord seizures are infrequently reported. They have been associated with intravenous dye placement, transverse myelitis and multiple sclerosis, but never with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). We report the case of a 48-year-old SCI male with complete C6 quadriplegia, and apparent spinal cord seizures. These seizures were characterised by ...
Bills D C - - 1991
Spinal subdural haematoma is a rare condition, usually seen in association with lumbar puncture or a bleeding disorder. It carries a high morbidity and mortality, and successful treatment requires prompt surgical intervention. We present a case of mixed spinal subarachnoid and subdural haemorrhage complicating failed spinal anaesthesia combined with anti-coagulation ...
Amirjamshidi A - - 1991
Extramedullary hematopoietic tissue occurring within the extramedullary space and causing cord compression is an unusual occurrence in childhood and adolescence, and only four cases have been reported during the first two decades of life. We had the opportunity to treat a 16-year-old girl and a 14-year-old boy with paraparesis secondary ...
Poungvarin N - - 1991
The authors reported two cases of vertebral haemangiomas with spinal cord compression. The first case deteriorated during her pregnancy. Plain radiography of the thoracic spine gave the hint for the diagnosis and computed axial tomography showed the lesion. She was treated via surgical removal with minimal improvement of her paraparesis. ...
Williams F C - - 1991
The case is reported of a 16-year-old girl with an anterior thoracic spinal cord arteriovenous malformation (AVM) who presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage and sudden change in lower-extremity strength. Spinal angiography revealed a Type II (glomus) intramedullary AVM at the T7-8 level fed by multiple branches of the anterior spinal artery. ...
Xie R - - 1991
It is generally believed that epidural blocks are most widely used in China. However, there is yet no substantial study in this respect. A nation-wide survey appears to be necessary. Questionnaires were sent to 237 hospitals located in 6 geographically wide-scattered areas and to some military hospitals as well. 90 ...
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