Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 902
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Milhorat T H - - 1995
This report summarizes neuropathological, clinical, and general autopsy findings in 105 individuals with nonneoplastic syringomyelia. On the basis of detailed histological findings, three types of cavities were distinguished: 1) dilations of the central canal that communicated directly with the fourth ventricle (47 cases); 2) noncommunicating (isolated) dilations of the central ...
James H E - - 1995
Human tails have been described intermittently in the literature, typically as isolated cases with varying forms of malformation. Attempts have been made to differentiate "true" tails from "tail-like" appearances. Unless identified, underlying occult spinal disorders, mass effect, and/or tethering of the spinal cord may lead to progressive neurologic damage. We ...
Knox D L - - 1995
A 47-year-old white man with dementia, supranuclear ophthalmoplegia, and myoclonic ocular and facial jerks died in 1931. The case report in 1936 by Ford and Walsh diagnosed encephalitis. In 1993, we made a clinical diagnosis of Whipple's disease on the basis of the 1936 publication. We restudied the pathologic material ...
Chaloupka J C - - 1995
A rare case of two separate spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVFs) occurring concurrently in a patient with a rapidly progressive myelopathy is reported. Although concurrent spinal DAVFs may be "well known," their occurrence has been only anecdotally reported. To the authors' knowledge, this well documented case of a presumably rare ...
Brodkey J A - - 1995
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Paragangliomas are neoplasms that arise from the autonomic nervous system-associated paraganglia. Most often they are benign tumors. However, infrequently they have been reported to metastasize. Involvement of the spine is rare and usually is intradural at the level of the cauda equina. OBJECTIVES: The authors report ...
Słowiński J - - 1995
A case of 56-year-old male with sarcomatosis of leptomeninges as well as of the brain and spinal cord coexisting with Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis is presented. Neurological and neurophysiological symptoms of the disease resembled those of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Patient died 7 months after onset of the initial symptoms. The post-mortem ...
Rainov N G - - 1995
We report two cases of ventrolateral thoracic and lumbar meningoceles associated with neurofibromatosis type 1, and present a review of the literature. Thoracic and lumbar meningoceles are rare lesions which are associated with neurofibromatosis in 60% to 85% of cases. Large meningoceles may cause pain, neurological signs, or respiratory complaints ...
Rainov N G - - 1995
We report the case of a thoracic epidural hematoma at the T7-T9 level which occurred after placement of spinal epidural catheter for continuous anaesthesia in acute pancreatitis. The male patient felt a sudden back pain after six days of successful analgesia and became paraplegic 24 hours afterwards. An emergency laminectomy ...
Yang C C - - 1995
Heroin addiction is known to cause various medical and neurological complications. We report here a case of rhabdomyolysis following heroin abuse, in which a neurological lesion mimicking transverse myelitis was also noted. A 29-year-old man was found comatose in a kneeling position one day after a heroin overdose. On admission, ...
Beers R A - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: An epidural anesthetic was planned for a 75-year-old man scheduled for elective femoral-popliteal bypass grafting. METHODS: Severe and persistent back pain and posterior thigh muscle spasm abruptly began 10 minutes after epidural injection of mepivacaine. RESULTS: Signs of impending or evolving neurologic injury completely resolved shortly thereafter. ...
McDonald A C - - 1995
We describe the case of a young man presenting with an extra-nodal, intramedullary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the cervical spinal cord. This is a very uncommon presentation of this neoplasm. The patient was treated with craniospinal radiotherapy, with survival for two and a half years before death from recurrent disease. A ...
Broome J R - - 1995
A minority of divers with neurological decompression illness (DCI) fail to improve with recompression treatment. This is particularly seen in cases where features of severe spinal cord injury develop soon after surfacing. Haemorrhage into the spinal cord is implicated in the pathogenesis of these cases, and evidence is presented that ...
Maggi G - - 1994
Intramedullary arteriovenous malformations are rare in childhood. Yasargil reports only two cases in children under ten years of age out of a total of forty-one cases of AVM operated on between 1967 and 1983 in which microsurgical techniques were used. The early symptoms of these lesions are those due to ...
White B D - - 1994
Two cases of anterior spinal hernia are presented. The medical literature is reviewed, the syndrome characterised, and its cause and treatment discussed. The patient is typically middle aged with a history of stepwise slowly progressive mid-thoracic anterior hemicord syndrome manifesting as hemianalgesia below the affected segment, followed by contralateral lower ...
Huang W Y - - 1994
A case of true, complete diphallus in an adult, associated with multiple malformations, is presented. The left urethra was perineal hypospadic; the right posterior urethra was small in caliber; and the right testis and spermatic cord were absent. The chordee was released; the right penis was resected and transferred to ...
Radhakrishnan V V - - 1994
Among all extra-adrenal locations, paragangliomas are least commonly found within the spinal canal. so far over 60 cases of paragrangliomas in the Cauda equinal region have been reported. In this report we describe the salient clinical and histopathological features of paraganglioma of the cauda equinal region in two patients.
Drewry G R - - 1994
STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report of Gorham disease of the spine with review of the literature. OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnosis, therapy, clinical course, and prognosis of Gorham disease of the spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: This is the 17th reported case of spinal involvement by this rare ...
Longatti P L - - 1994
A case of spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma is reported. Clinical signs at onset, laboratory investigations and bloody CSF at lumbar punction were suggesting of subarachnoid hemorrhage. MRI was fully diagnostic. Surgery was ruled out and spinal compression cleared spontaneously over one week. Etiological factors, possible diagnostic pittfalls and the indication ...
Grabb P A - - 1994
Seven children aged birth to 17 years with spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) were studied with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) between 3 hours and 16 days after the injury. There were six cervical cord injuries and one thoracic cord injury. The MRI findings were divided into two groups: ...
Nicoletti G F - - 1994
A case of intramedullary neurinoma of the cervical spinal cord in a patient with no sign of von Recklinghausen's disease is reported. This case was diagnosed by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging and treated surgically. The literature covering 46 other cases is reviewed. The discussion, examines the possible etiology, ...
Qureshi F - - 1994
Marked segmental thinning of the umbilical cord vessels is an infrequent finding of undetermined origin and significance. We identified this lesion in 17 (1.5%) of 1100 consecutively examined placentas and reviewed the clinical records of both mothers and infants to determine its clinicopathologic significance. In each case, the tunica media ...
Barrow D L - - 1994
Intradural perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (Type IV spinal cord arteriovenous malformations (AVM's)) are rarely reported in the literature and occasionally are classified together with Type II AVM's as intradural spinal cord AVM's. The authors report eight cases of Type IV spinal cord AVM's managed over a 2-year period. Seven of these ...
Byrne R W - - 1994
Two cases of chronic spinal cord abscess are reported, and the relevant literature is reviewed with emphasis on the last 20 cases. Presentation, cause, modern diagnostic testing, operative findings, treatment choices, and prognosis are all discussed. Significant changes in the presentation, management, and outcome in these more recent cases are ...
Vazquez D - - 1994
The case of a patient with thoracic intervertebral disc prolapse, cord compression, and delayed paraplegia with recovery secondary to high-tension electrical current is presented. The unusual entry wound in the neck, makes this a rare event that to our knowledge has not been previously described in the literature. Magnetic resonance ...
Citow J S - - 1994
A case report of intramedullary tuberculoma is presented. Only one other case of intramedullary tuberculoma has been reported in the North American literature in the last 30 years. It is also unique because it is the only documented case of the paradoxical enlargement of an intramedullary tuberculoma after the initiation ...
Ryan M D - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: The author reports symptomatic spinal canal stenosis due to degenerative spondylolisthesis at L4-5 in identical twins. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The patient reported his brother had a similar condition. METHODS: Monozygosity was established by phenotyping. CONCLUSIONS: Spinal morphology and degenerative disease may be genetically determined.
Chou M S - - 1994
Twenty-six cases with leptomeningeal metastasis were analyzed and Gd-DTPA enhanced MR imaging was found to be the most useful tool for making the diagnosis. The important manifestations in order of frequency were: 1) leptomeningeal enhancement; 2) ependymal enhancement; 3) plaque, nodule or mass in the subarachnoid space or ventricles; 4) ...
Smith M D - - 1994
Congenital cervical or cervicothoracic scoliosis is an unusual but potentially severe disfiguring cause of spinal deformity in the growing child and adolescent. These forms of scoliosis are among the most infrequently encountered, and therefore, relatively little literature is available to guide the orthopedic surgeon. This article presents a brief overview ...
Kim S K - - 1994
Diastematomyelia is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by a division of the spinal cord or the filum terminale into two parts. In Korea, only one case has been reported. The authors have operated on 5 cases of diastematomyelia with septum since July, 1978. The ages ranged from 1 to 44 ...
Versari P - - 1994
The authors report a case of leptomeningeal spinal metastasis of chiasmatic juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma. A 7-year-old boy underwent surgery and radiation therapy for a chiasmatic pilocytic astrocytoma. Three years later he experienced a syndrome of medullary compression. A lumbosacral intradural extra-axial tumor was discovered and subtotally excised. Pathologic examination revealed ...
Caldarelli M - - 1994
The cases of two children under the age of two who presented with spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEDH) are reported. The patients were operated on soon after the diagnosis had been confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging examination. The present paper highlights the fact that in toddlers the diagnosis of SSEDH ...
Green D - - 1994
Fatal pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major cause of mortality in patients with spinal cord injury. In order to ascertain those characteristics that might predict this event, we reviewed the records of all patients with autopsy-proven massive PE admitted to a regional spinal cord care center over a 5-year period. ...
Herpers M J - - 1994
The authors present the clinical, radiological, and pathological features of a patient with a recurrent pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma located in the spinal cord. This is the first report of a pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma at this location; until now, only cerebral supratentorial pleomorphic xanthoastrocytomas have been described. The treatment of this case is ...
van den Berg J P - - 1994
In this case study a specially designed electrically powered mobile stand up device, for a patient with a complete spinal cord lesion under cervical level C7, is described. It has proved to be satisfactory in a flower nursery, where both sitting and standing work is done. It is a usable ...
Iffy L - - 1994
Five cases identified in the course of medicolegal reviews are described where the umbilical cord wrapped around the neck of the foetus once was cut intentionally, or broken, prior to the extraction of the body. Delivery was delayed on account of shoulder dystocia for a period of time varying from ...
Malbrain M L - - 1994
A 65 year-old woman with a filum terminale ependymoma is reported, presenting with acute cauda equina compression syndrome due to intratumoural and subsequent spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) following therapy with oral anticoagulants. Few cases of spinal ependymoma have been reported with an acute cauda equina compression syndrome as the initial ...
Brunori A - - 1994
We present a patient whose radicular syndrome resulted from combined compression by disk herniation and lumbar chronic spinal epidural hematoma (CSEH). The lesion was extensively studied by CT and MRI and the preoperative diagnosis confirmed by microscopic examination. CSEH is a rare entity, typical of elderly and invariably involving the ...
Graf M - - 1994
A case of 68-year-old woman with symptoms of slowly progressive diffuse myelopathy, is presented, which could only temporally be reversed by immunosuppression. Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) scan demonstrated multifocal patchy enhancing lesions from cervical to mild thoracic segment and a circumscribed lesion of the whole medulla oblongata. Postmorten examination ...
Turgut M - - 1994
In this study, the cases of 17 civilians with penetrating firearm injuries of the spinal cord treated between 1968 and 1990 at the Department of Neurosurgery, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, were analyzed. Relevant literature was reviewed and compared with our study. The results of treatment and other factors determining ...
Srinivasan R - - 1994
A case of primary amyloidosis, initially detected by fine-needle aspiration of the liver, is reported here. Amorphous acellular metachromatic material was seen extracellularly in between the hepatocytic cords compressing them. This material showed typical apple-green birefringence under crossed bipolars after alkaline Congo-red staining proved its amyloid nature. It was resistant ...
Mantzoros C S - - 1993
Extraosseous epidural tuberculoma has been reported infrequently, in spite of the widespread availability in recent years of computerized axial tomography and magnetic resonance imaging that can detect bony involvement not apparent on roentgenography with plain films. Thirty-two cases of extraosseous epidural tuberculoma have been reported in the English-language literature; however, ...
Inceoğlu R - - 1993
Ependymal cells may be found within the coccygeal ligament as well as in heterotopic positions and therefore ependymomas may rarely occur in extraspinal locations. Although the cauda equina is the most common location, less than 5% of all spinal ependymomas occur extradurally in the sacrococcygeal region. We report a case ...
Prescher A - - 1993
In a collection of 101 anatomical preparations of the human pelvis, ossification of the sacrotuberous ligament was found in 8 cases. In 7 of these, the ossification showed a characteristic intraligamentous morphology, with a broad-based origin at the ischial tuberosity and tapering off craniomedially. The length varied between 1.1 and ...
Standl T - - 1993
Technical problems with microspinal catheters for continuous spinal anaesthesia (CSA) are not unknown. The present case report deals with two unusual technical complications in CSA with 32-gauge spinal catheters. The first case shows a catheter with extraordinary elongation due to breakage of the embedded stylet. The second case shows a ...
Hamanishi C - - 1993
An adult case of acrodysostosis with striking lumbar spinal canal stenosis is reported. She complained of numbness on the right arm, intermittent claudication with numbness on both legs and pain and weakness on the left leg. Although the reduced lumbar interpedicular distance has been reported, no adult case with neurologic ...
Kantharia B - - 1993
Hepatocellular carcinoma is an uncommon cancer in the United States. Its initial presentation as spinal cord compression due to vertebral metastasis is rare. This article reports a case of radiculopathy and rapidly developing spinal cord compression because of bony metastasis from this form of liver cancer. This article also reviews ...
Ide M - - 1993
An epidemiological survey of spinal cord injury in Okayama Prefecture was carried out by reviewing the registration lists contained in the Law for the Welfare of the Physically Disabled. The authors computed the annual incidence of spinal cord injuries (SCI) in Okayama Prefecture (April 1988-March 1989) to be 49.0 (28.6 ...
Stallman J S - - 1993
Pulmonary embolism is a common, sometimes fatal complication of spinal cord injury. We describe two quadriplegic patients who developed unexplained fever as the sole presenting sign of multiple pulmonary emboli during the subacute phase following injury. These cases and a review of the literature suggest that ventilation-perfusion scanning should be ...
Kardash K - - 1993
A case is presented of a 33-yr-old parturient with Harrington fusion of her spine who received spinal anaesthesia with 15 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine for Caesarean delivery. Multiple attempts of needle insertion in both midline and paramedian at the L3-4 interspace were unsuccessful, whereas the procedure was performed uneventfully at the ...
Walker B F - - 1993
A review of the etiology, clinical, radiological and laboratory presentation, differential diagnosis and management of spinal stenosis is presented.
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