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Yaghi Shadi S Division of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, Department of Neurology, Columbia University, New York, New - - 2014
Intravenous thrombolysis remains the mainstay treatment for acute ischemic stroke. One of the most feared complications of the treatment is thrombolysis-related symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), which occurs in nearly 6% of patients and carries close to 50% mortality. The treatment options for sICH are based on small case series and ...
Elliott Julian H JH Department of Infectious Diseases, Alfred Hospital and Monash University, Melbourne, Australia ; School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
Julian Elliott and colleagues discuss how the current inability to keep systematic reviews up-to-date hampers the translation of knowledge into action. They propose living systematic reviews as a contribution to evidence synthesis to enhance the accuracy and utility of health evidence.
McPhee Derek D Editor-in-Chief of Molecules, Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), Klybeckstrasse 64, Basel CH-4057, Switzerland. - - 2014
We were recently alerted by an anonymous tip that at least two paragraphs in the title review [1] appeared to be copied verbatim from papers by other authors without attribution. Upon checking these facts we have established that in addition to the parts brought to our attention, large portions of ...
Lichtenstein Arnaldo - - 2013
Recent years have witnessed a substantial increase in the number of seric determinations of vitamin D, in a worldwide basis. At Hospital das Clínicas of Faculdade de Medicina of Universidade de São Paulo that increase reached 700% over the last four years. Nevertheless there are many controversies on the literature ...
Shue Ann - - 2013
Superior limbal trabeculectomy remains a common surgical treatment for glaucoma. Positional effects on the overlying upper eyelid-both ptosis and retraction-have been associated with the procedure. More than 1 mechanism may explain retraction; however, the eyelid may elevate mechanically due to the underlying raised superior bulbar conjunctiva.
Knox Claire Connolly - - 2013
Thirteen years after Hurricane Andrew struck Homestead, FL, Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast of Mississippi, Alabama, and southeastern Louisiana. Along with all its destruction, the term "catastrophic" was redefined. This article extends the literature on these hurricanes by providing a macrolevel analysis of The Governor's Disaster Planning and Response ...
Rink Bryan B The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, - - 2013
Radiology reports often contain findings about the condition of a patient which should be acted upon quickly. These actionable findings in a radiology report can be automatically detected to ensure that the referring physician is notified about such findings and to provide feedback to the radiologist that further action has ...
Vinchon Matthieu - - 2012
Non-syndromic coronal synostoses oxycephaly and brachycephaly (NSCSOB) are rare. Their natural history, surgical management, and outcome are debated. We reviewed the available literature on NSCSOB. In addition, we reviewed retrospectively our experience with cases of NSCSOB, managed and operated by our joint craniofacial team since 1984. Newborns underwent perifrontal craniectomy, ...
Jaque Daniel - - 2012
The current status of luminescence nanothermometry is reviewed in detail. Based on the main parameters of luminescence including intensity, bandwidth, bandshape, polarization, spectral shift and lifetime, we initially describe and compare the different classes of luminescence nanothermometry. Subsequently, the various luminescent materials used in each case are discussed and the ...
Rahman Sayed S - - 2012
Ethylene glycol poisoning is a common form of poisoning worldwide. The clinical course of ethylene glycol poisoning usually follows a three-stage progression, although these stages may overlap. A fourth stage of delayed neurological dysfunction consisting of cranial neuropathies has been suggested in several case reports. We describe a patient with ...
Ang Wee Choen - - 2012
Left-sided and duplicate inferior vena cava (IVC) are two major anatomical variants within the spectrum of IVC malformations, both of which are developmental abnormalities of the supracardinal veins. Four clinical cases are described to highlight the computed tomographic appearances of these vascular malformations and provide novel data on venous dimensions. ...
Logan Barry K - - 2012
  Dextromethorphan is a commonly encountered antitussive medication which has found additional therapeutic use in the treatment of pseudobulbar disorder and as an adjunct to opiate use in pain management. Dextromethorphan at high doses has phencyclidine-like effects on the NMDA receptor system; recreational use of high doses has been found ...
Luo Dong-Yuan - - 2012
Ameloblastomas have a high recurrence rate, and because of their biological tendency towards local invasion are considered borderline tumours. Despite this, reports of metastasis of these tumours are rare. This report presents a patient with mandibular ameloblastoma that recurred 29 years after surgery and metastasized to both lungs. Because of the ...
Peterson Jared D - - 2012
Bisphosphonates are becoming more widespread as indications for them broaden. Several ocular side effects due to bisphosphonates have been described, among the most potentially serious of which is orbital inflammation. Thirteen case reports of this side effect exist in the literature, with an additional case reported here. The most common ...
Chander Bal - - 2012
Lipomas are common benign adipose tumors generally located at superficial locations. Mostly they measure a few centimeters in size; however, giant lipomas measuring more than 10 cm in size or weighing 1000 g are also seen. Deep seated lipomas are rather infrequent out of which retroperitoneal location of giant lipoma ...
Chmaj-Wierzchowska Karolina - - 2012
Myomas are most often benign tumours of the female genital tract. Uterine fibroids are the most common myomas, while uterine cervix and intraligamentary ones are statistically less frequent. The most common histopathological form is the leiomyoma and the least common is the cellular leiomyoma (< 5%). As emphasized in the ...
Jeejeebhoy Khursheed N - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition, fatigue, frailty, vulnerability, sarcopenia and cachexia all phenotypically present with the same features because they are subject to the operation of similar mechanistic factors. However, the conditions referred to above differ by which mechanism dominates the cause of the clinical condition. This review discusses the overlap ...
Raghavendra Babu Y P - - 2012
Adenomyomatous polyps of the endometrium are a rare subtype of endometrial polyps. In addition to the usual features of endometrial polyps, they also contain a smooth muscle component. Grossly they appear no different than ordinary endometrial polyps. In the case reported herein, a 23-year-old nulliparous female was killed in a ...
Dan D - - 2012
Myelolipomas are rare tumours which are most commonly found in association with the adrenal glands. However, extra-adrenal sites have been described, but limited to case reports. They are characterized by a normal adrenal gland function and absence of haematopoesis which differentiates them from extramedullary haematopoetic tumours. We present a rare ...
Nader Saki - - 2012
Lipomas are the most common benign tumors affecting the soft tissues. They can occur at any age, but they typically appear in patients older than 40 years. They are found equally in men and women. Lipomas are uncommon in the head and neck, but when they do appear there, they ...
Presley Bradley C - - 2012
This report reviews a case of dermatomyositis presenting with weakness and extensive calcification in an adult. While dermatomyositis is not uncommon in adults, it is uncommon for calcifications to be present. Children develop calcifications more frequently than adults. When present in adults, small calcifications on areas of frequent trauma such ...
Angel S Michael - - 2012
In this review, we discuss the current state of standoff Raman spectroscopy as it applies to remote planetary applications, including standoff instrumentation, the technique's ability to identify biologically and geologically important analytes, and the feasibility to make standoff Raman measurements under various planetary conditions. This is not intended to be ...
Horner C W M - - 2012
Masses within the fingers and hands are a common occurrence affecting patients of all ages. Although most will be benign conditions, rarer more aggressive tumours also occur. Two cases of rare hand tumours, a digital myofibroma and an aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma are reported here including a mini-review of the ...
Okubo Taketo - - 2012
Intraneural lipoma and fibrolipomatous hamartoma of the nerve are rare soft tissue tumors that most commonly occur in the forearm and the wrist, and particularly within the median nerve. When the lesions are large enough, they may cause progressive compression neuropathy. They are distinct entities each other with different clinical ...
Eisawi A A Paediatric Surgery, King's College Hospital, London, UK. - - 2012
Cystic lymphangiomas are rare tumours that can mimic various causes of acute abdomen including appendicitis. They exhibit variations in two characteristics on presentation: they can arise from a wide range of organs including various intra-abdominal structures and they can have a wide variation in size on presentation. We report a ...
Raha Sarbani - - 2011
Acute Infantile Encephalopathy Predominantly Affecting the Frontal Lobes (AIEF) is a relatively recent described entity. This article includes case reports of two patients who had bifrontal involvement during acute febrile encephalopathy. Case 1 describes a 1-y-old boy who presented with hyperpyrexia and dialeptic seizures. Imaging revealed significant bilateral frontal lobe ...
Bouraoui Saadia - - 2011
Miliary osteoma cutis (OC) of the face is a rare benign extra skeletal bone formation. For our knowledge, only 23 cases have been reported in the English literature. These lesions may be primary or secondary. They cause diagnostic, therapeutic and cosmetic concern especially in women who are usually concerned. Our ...
Hakkennes Sharon J - - 2011
Hakkennes SJ, Brock K, Hill KD. Selection for inpatient rehabilitation after acute stroke: a systematic review of the literature. To identify patient-related factors that have been found to correlate with functional outcomes post acute stroke to guide clinical decision making with regard to rehabilitation admission after acute stroke. We systematically ...
Broussalis Erasmia - - 2011
Stroke is the third leading cause of death with an increasing prevalence. In previous years many important achievements and new therapeutic strategies have been established. This article provides an overview on recent developments and is an update to the article of Green et al. that was published in 2004. As ...
Patten Darren K - - 2012
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is an uncommon usually slowly progressing neuroendocrine tumour that arises from calcitonin (CT) producing parafollicular C cells of the thyroid gland. It accounts for approximately 5% of all thyroid cancers. The majority of MTCs are sporadic (75%) whilst 25% are part of the MEN 2 hereditary ...
Skupski Daniel W - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To review reported cases of acute TTTS in monochorionic twin pregnancies to help define variants of disease and determine associated factors. Methods: PubMed literature review using the search terms, ?acute,? and ?twin transfusion.? Articles were reviewed for clinical factors. Reference lists were carefully assessed for any additional articles. ...
Accordino Robert E - - 2011
  Melanonychia is a black, tan, or brown streak within the nail plate subsequent to activation of melanocytes in the nail matrix. We present a case of a Haitian girl who presented with transverse melanonychia involving all 10 fingernails in the setting of hyperthyroidism and acute liver injury. Melanonychia has ...
Radecki Ryan Patrick - - 2011
The efficacy of thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke remains controversial in emergency medicine and has not been fully endorsed by either the American College of Emergency Physicians or the American Academy of emergency medicine. A growing recognition exists of the influence of pharmaceutical sponsorship on the reported findings of ...
Jarius S - - 2011
So far, only very little is known about the early history of neuromyelitis optica (Devic's syndrome). Here, we discuss a then widely recognized but now forgotten 1844 report by the Genoese physician Giovanni Battista Pescetto (1806-1884) on a 42-year-old man, who simultaneously developed acute amaurosis and cervical myelitis. Pescetto's report ...
Abraham Ashley - - 2011
The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) has been linked to many malignancies. However, literature noting multiple myeloma as a possible cause of SIADH is lacking. Although there is a plethora of literature reporting multiple myeloma induced spurious hyponatremia, our review revealed only one case report, in 1983, describing ...
Miller T J - - 2011
An exhaustive search of the literature using the Pub Med database revealed no reports of round ligament lipomas mimicking acute appendicitis in pregnant patients. There are relatively few articles on round ligament lipomas and even less on round ligament lipomas during pregnancy. This case report is on a 27-year-old 24-week ...
Bumbrah Gurvinder Singh - - 2011
Metal phosphides in general and aluminium phosphide in particular are potent insecticides and rodenticides. These are commercially used for protection of crops during storage, as well as during transportation. However, these are highly toxic substances. Their detrimental effects may range from nausea and headache to renal failure and death. It ...
McClelland Collin M - - 2011
Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is rarely associated with multiple sclerosis-like features. We present a case of a 65-year-old African American woman with LHON masquerading as neuromyelitis optica (NMO). We highlight the features of the clinical examination and MRI that were suggestive of an alternative diagnosis and review the literature ...
Wheatley Matthew A - - 2011
Poisoning is an increasingly important cause of injury in the United States. In 2009 poison centers received 2,479,355 exposure reports, underscoring the role of poison centers in intentional and unintentional injury prevention. Antiretroviral (ARV) agents are commonly prescribed drugs known to cause toxicity, yet the frequency of these incidents is ...
Kulkarni Padmaja R - - 2011
Iniencephaly is a rare neural tube defect characterized by extreme retroflexion of the head with the absence of neck due to spinal deformities. The important features that help us to diagnose a case of iniencephaly are occipital bone deficit leading to enlarged foramen magnum, fusion of malformed cervical and thoracic ...
Jarius S - - 2011
We discuss a forgotten report by the famous British neuroanatomist, neuropathologist and neurologist Jacob Augustus Lockhart Clarke (1817-1880) about a 17-year-old girl with bilateral optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis. This report, which appeared in 1865, i.e. 15 years prior to Wilhelm Erb's much-cited paper on the coincidence of ...
Todd N V - - 2011
Prospective literature review; search via Oldmedline (1958-1965), Medline (1966-2005) and Pubmed. The objective of this study is to review the pathophysiology of priapism in acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI); to determine the incidence of priapism in traumatic SCI, whether or not priapism is associated with incomplete or only complete ...
Takahashi Hiroki - - 2011
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), initially called chronic aggressive hepatitis, is conceptually classified as a primary chronic disease; periportal fibrous expansion and periportal infiltration of mononuclear cells, including plasma cells, have also been considered to be histologically important diagnostic signs of AIH. However, several manuscripts which reported the acute presentation of AIH ...
Park Meerim - - 2011
Lineage switch in acute leukemia is an uncommon event at relapse, and therefore rarely reported in the literature. Here, we have described the clinical laboratory features of four cases in which the cell lineage switched from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). One patient was initially diagnosed ...
Massey Shavonne L - - 2011
We report the case of a previously healthy 4 year-old African American female who presented to the emergency department with acute onset of unilateral abducens nerve palsy and torticollis. Within 12 h of presentation, the patient's symptoms progressed to include ipsilateral facial nerve palsy and gait ataxia. On exam, the patient ...
Purohit G N - - 2011
Leiomyomas are benign tumours which are presumed to arise from vascular smooth muscle in the nasal cavity. They are rare in nasal cavity but are commonly encountered in GIT, female genital tract (uterus). The rarity of these tumours in nasal cavity is evident from the fact that less than 45 ...
Iyer Vivek - - 2011
We present a case of pacemaker artifact on 12-lead electrocardiogram that was initially interpreted as malfunction of the patient's dual-chamber cardiac pacemaker. It was ultimately determined to arise from an extracardiac gastric pacemaker, which had been inserted for refractory, severe diabetic gastroparesis. Proper functioning of both devices was confirmed, and ...
Ong Marcus Eng Hock - - 2011
AIMS: In adult cardiac arrest, antiarrhythmic drugs are frequently utilized in acute management and legions of medical providers have memorized the dosage and timing of administration. However, data supporting their use is limited and is the focus of this comprehensive review. METHODS: Databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library (including Cochrane database ...
Veenhuyzen George D - - 2011
This two-part manuscript reviews diagnostic pacing maneuvers for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Part one will involve a detailed consideration of ventricular overdrive pacing (VOP), since this pacing maneuver provides the diagnosis in the majority of cases. This will include a review of the post-VOP response, fusion during entrainment, the importance of ...
Krebsbach Angela - - 2011
Premature Failure of a Riata Defibrillator Lead. A 63-year-old woman with a St. Jude Medical Riata 1570 right ventricular lead complained of intermittent hiccups 2 months after implant. Interrogation revealed elevated pacing threshold and diaphragmatic stimulation. Pacing and shock lead impedances remained stable. No inappropriate sensing was noted. Fluoroscopic examination ...
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