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Jagsi Reshma R Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Peer reviewers' knowledge of author identity may influence review content, quality, and recommendations. Therefore, the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics ("Red Journal") implemented double-blinded peer review in 2011. Given the relatively small size of the specialty and the high frequency of preliminary abstract presentations, we sought to evaluate ...
Al-Dhibi Hassan A HA Division of Vitreoretinal Surgery and Uveitis, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Uveitis is a common cause of preventable blindness although it is consider a sight-threatening condition particularly in cases with posterior segment inflammation. To deal with emergency conditions in uveitis, we must aware of the essential signs and symptoms that reflect a true uveitic emergency. Failure to recognize these essential signs ...
Collins George Benjamin GB Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK, - - 2014
The increasing use of computed tomography (CT) in acute appendicitis makes recognising the radiological hallmarks of the condition and its mimics vital. The differential diagnosis includes both appendiceal and nonappendiceal pathologies. The correlation between pre-appendectomy CT and post-appendectomy histopathology was audited retrospectively. Cases of clinico-histopathological discrepancy underwent blind peer-review, and ...
Hu Zhi-Wei ZW Center for GER, the Second Artillery General Hospital, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of antireflux treatment on gastroesophageal reflux (GER)-related cough syncope. The method used was a retrospective review of the outcomes of antireflux treatment with proton pump inhibitor (PPI), Stretta radiofrequency (SRF), or laparoscopic fundoplication (LF) of 8 patients with chronic cough and cough syncope ...
Mora de Sambricio A A National Scottish Spinal Deformity Centre, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, Reino Unido. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pleural effusion is a possible complication of the thoraco-abdominal approach to the spine. It is more commonly a reactive effusion, but it also may be caused by hemothorax, empyema or, less commonly, a chylothorax. The case of a chylothorax is reported as a late onset complication of a double anterior ...
Leanza Vito V Surgery Department, Obstetric and Gynaecologic Unit, Santo Bambino Hospital, Catania University, Catania, - - 2014
The case of a 45-year-old woman who was admitted to our university hospital for polymenorrhea, weight gain and pain in the left iliac region is reported. An abdominal ultrasound revealed a 9.5 × 5.2-cm, hypoechoic and inhomogeneous mass located on the left side of the pelvis and behind the ovary. ...
Ghatalia Pooja A PA Tinsley Harrison Internal Medicine Residency Program, University of Alabama at - - 2014
Ocular complications in cryptococcal meningitis (CM) are commonly attributed to elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). We report a case of reversible vision loss complicating AIDS-related CM with a normal ICP. We review other cases of blindness in CM with normal ICP and the potential role of corticosteroids as treatment.
Yokoyama Satoshi S Satoshi Yokoyama, Akinori Sekioka, Kohei Ueno, Yasuhiro Higashide, Yuko Okishio, Nao Kawaguchi, Takeshi Hagihara, Harumi Yamada, Ryo Kamimura, Michio Kuwahara, Masato Ichimiya, Hirofumi Utsunomiya, Shiro Uyama, Hiroaki Kato, Department of Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Society, Wakayama Medical Center, Wakayama 640-8558, - - 2014
We present a case of afferent loop syndrome (ALS) occurring after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in a patient who had previously undergone total gastrectomy (TG), and review the English-language literature concerning reconstruction procedures following PD in patients who had undergone TG. The patient was a 69-year-old man who had undergone TG reconstruction ...
Tutar Hakan H Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Gazi Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi, KBB AD, 06490 Beşevler, Ankara, Türkiye. - - 2014
We describe the case of a 24-year-old man who underwent open septorhinoplasty for the treatment of progressive nasal disfigurement caused by a nasal hump. Postoperative histopathology of the resected hump revealed that it was an osteochondroma. The patient showed no evidence of recurrence during 2 years of follow-up. To the ...
Loo Jennifer D JD From the *Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial Diseases, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA; †International Vaccine Access Center, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD; ‡Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA; §Westat Inc., Rockville, MD; ¶Biostatistics Consulting, Chicago, IL; and ‖Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United - - 2014
Streptococcus pneumoniae causes a considerable amount of morbidity and mortality in children <5. However, pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) can prevent much of this burden. Until recently, PCVs were mostly available only in developed countries using a variety of dosing schedules. As more lower income countries make decisions to introduce PCV ...
Nandini D B DB Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere , Karnataka State, India - - 2014
Gemination or Schizodontism is a developmental anomaly affecting the tooth shape which is often confused with fusion. It affects primary dentition more often than permanent. It is a rare occurrence in the posterior teeth. Its etiology, pathogenesis, prevalence, differential diagnosis and management are discussed and a rare case of gemination ...
Tonbul Murat M Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Private Reyap Hospital, Turkey ; Ozel Reyap Hastanesi, Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Klinigi, Omurtak Cad. No. 48, Corlu, Tekirdag, - - 2014
Lamellar bone formation in an abnormal location is defined as heterotopic ossification. It commonly occurs around the hip joint and most often involves the abductor muscles. It is a benign condition; however, its etiology remains largely unknown. Most previously reported cases have been due to trauma or intramuscular hemorrhage. In ...
Nomura Kazuhiro K Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of - - 2014
Acute rhinosinusitis is frequently associated with secondary orbital infection, most commonly subperiosteal abscess. Although orbital subperiosteal abscess is a deadly disease that might lead to blind and cavernous sinus thrombosis, recent review of literature showed that immediate surgical intervention might not always be necessary for subperiosteal abscess. Orbital inflammation secondary ...
Park Min Seon MS Min Seon Park, Beom Jae Lee, Dae Hoe Gu, Jeung-Hui Pyo, Kyeong Jin Kim, Yun Ho Lee, Moon Kyung Joo, Jong-Jae Park, Jae Seon Kim, Young-Tae Bak, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospitial, Seoul 152-703, South - - 2013
Intestinal lymphangiectasia is a rare disease characterized by focal or diffuse dilated enteric lymphatics with impaired lymph drainage. It causes protein-losing enteropathy and may lead to gastrointestinal bleeding. Commonly, lymphangiectasia presents as whitish spots or specks. To our knowledge, small bowel bleeding resulting from polypoid intestinal lymphangiectasia has not been ...
Balas Laurence - - 2013
There is currently a growing interest in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) oxygenated metabolites. Among them, protectin D1 (PD1), an endogenous dihydroxylated and non cyclic docosatriene made through lipoxygenation and hydrolysis of an epoxide intermediate, shows appealing biological effects. However, with the present paper we wish to point out that results are ...
Mishra Pankaj Kumar PK Orthopedics Department, Kanpur University, Allahabad, - - 2013
Simultaneous dislocation of both interphalangeal (IP) joints of same finger is a highly uncommon finding. And dislocation of metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint along with interphalangeal joints of thumb are reported in literatures if, scarcely. Here we are reporting the three cases, comprising of double dislocation of IP joints in little finger ...
Al-Salem Ahmed H AH Department of Pediatric Surgery, Maternity and Children Hospital, Dammam Qatif 31911, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Congenital pyloric atresia (CPA) is a very rare anomaly. It is usually seen as an isolated condition with excellent prognosis. Few cases are familial. These are usually associated with other hereditary conditions and have a poor prognosis. This is a review of our experience with 20 patients with CPA outlining ...
Wendler David - - 2013
A good deal has been written on the ethics of peer review, especially in the scientific and medical literatures. In contrast, we are unaware of any articles on the ethics of peer review in bioethics. Recognising this gap, we evaluate the extant proposals regarding ethical standards for peer review in ...
Wong Tien Y - - 2013
To summarize the epidemiology of pathologic myopia and myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and their impact on vision. Systematic literature review of all English-language studies evaluating the epidemiology and visual burden of pathologic myopia or myopic CNV. PubMed and EMBASE were searched with no time limits using predefined search strings for ...
Haddad Sleiman - - 2013
Arthroscopic revision of rotator cuff lesions is an increasingly popular procedure with a relatively safe profile. However, associated deep articular infection has been described, with potentially destructive joint sequelae. When occurring, it poses the double challenge of eradicating the infectious agent while preserving the articulation and its function. Experience remains ...
Pandey Kyoko Hirukawa-Nidhi - - 2013
Perioperative visual loss (POVL), a rare but devastating complication, has been reported after spine, cardiac, and head-neck surgeries.The various causes include ischemic optic neuropathy, central or branch retinal artery occlusion, and cortical blindness. The contributory factors described are microvascular diseases and intraoperative hemodynamic compromise. However, the exact association of these ...
Bertozzi Mirko - - 2013
This study aimed to review the literature about symptomatic Meckel's diverticulum (MD) in the neonatal period with 2 additional uncommon cases. The authors describe 2 interesting neonatal cases of symptomatic MD and analyze the literature on this topic, with particular reference to the prevalence of sex, age at presentation, most ...
Takahashi Toshiaki - - 2013
Although thoracoscopic lobectomy for severe bronchiectasis has been reported in children, this is the first report of double lobectomy of the right middle and lower lobes performed using the video-assisted thoracoscopy in a 9-year-old girl. The post-operative course was uneventful and she is currently well after 18 months' follow-up.
Ramdurg Shashank Ravindra - - 2013
Multiple neural tube defects and pontine anomalies are relatively rare. Cases of split pons and double encephalocoeles in combination with other spinal anomalies are even rarer. Here, we present a very rare case of split pons, twin encephalocoeles (one of which was atretic), lumbar dermal sinus tract, lumbosacral lipomeningomyelocele, thickened ...
Mortuza Shaikh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Schwannomas comprise 8% to 10% of all primary intracranial tumors. Primary intraorbital schwannomas are rare, accounting for 1% to 2% of all intracranial tumors. Schwannomas arise from Schwann cells in the myelin sheaths of sensory and cranial nerves. METHODS: We present the case of a 56-year-old white man blind ...
Agarwal N - - 2013
PURPOSE: The contents of umbilical or paraumbilical herniae are usually omentum or bowel; rarely, metastatic deposits, appendix epiploicae, or an inflamed vermiform appendix may be found. Unexpected contents cause confusion in the diagnosis, especially when inflamed, and may mimic a strangulated umbilical hernia. Appendicitis in the hernial sac is known ...
Wang Xiaodong - - 2013
Double inferior vena cava (DIVC) with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is rare, and there is only one reported case of DIVC with DVT treated by catheter-directed thrombolysis. We report a case of a 32-year-old man with an extensive venous clot involving the infrarenal segment of a double IVC who received ...
Kelly E G - - 2013
Sporting-related finger injuries are common in the setting of contact sports. Traumatic rupture of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon (FDP) from its insertion point has been described as 'jersey' or 'rugger' finger. We report a case of jersey finger associated with a zone III intra-tendinous rupture in a 13 year-old ...
Ruxton Carrie H S - - 2013
Currently, benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics, and retinoids are the mainstay topical treatments for acne vulgaris. However, potential benefits may be offered by natural, marine-derived ingredients, such as those derived from brown seaweed (Laminaria digitata). This article will review the available literature on two ingredients; "seaweed oligosaccharides," which are those derived from ...
Boyce R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on the effectiveness of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti), when used as a single agent in the field, for the control of dengue vectors. METHOD: Systematic literature search of the published and grey literature was carried out using the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, ...
Zieliński Grzegorz - - 2013
Double pituitary adenomas are very rare and present up to 1 % of pituitary adenomas in unselected autopsy series and up to 2 % in large surgical series. We report a case of a 47-year-old man presented slight clinical features of acromegaly with 2 years duration. Endocrine evaluation confirmed active acromegaly and revealed ...
Agarwal Ravi - - 2013
The term double tooth is often used to describe fusion and gemination. The development of isolated large or joined teeth is not rare, but the literature is confusing when the appropriate terminology is presented. The objective of this paper is to present a case of a primary double tooth in ...
Ozturan Orhan - - 2013
Chondromas are benign lesions composed of mature hyaline cartilage. A nasal chondroma is an infrequent entity and it arises rarely from the nasal septum. Most of the nasal chondroma cases in the medical literature have originated from the posterior part of the septum. This article presents a rare case of ...
Burns Mary C MC Institute for Plastic Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 747 North Rutledge 3rd Floor, P.O. Box 19653, Springfield, IL 62794-9653 - - 2013
Controlled post-operative motion of extensor tendon repairs in zones IV-VII is intended to facilitate tendon excursion and minimize adhesion formation. The Wyndell Merritt "relative motion" digital yoke orthosis provides a low-profile option allowing for immediate controlled active motion (ICAM) of the extensor tendon repair. The addition of a multimedia manuscript ...
Emre Arif - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Meckel's diverticulum is the most common developmental anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract, affecting 1-3% of the general population. This anomaly is caused by incomplete obliteration of the omphalomesenteric duct during the 7th week of gestation and is located in the last meter of the ileum in 90% of patients. ...
Metin Ahmet - - 2013
A case of left-sided ureteral quadruplication with 3 blind-ending branches detected in a 16-year-old boy was presented by its step by step diagnostic work-up and treatment plan which is the first published case in the literature.
Mathie Robert T - - 2013
A new programme of systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in homeopathy will distinguish important attributes of RCT records, including: placebo controlled versus other-than-placebo (OTP) controlled; individualised versus non-individualised homeopathy; peer-reviewed (PR) versus non peer-reviewed (NPR) sources. (a) To outline the methods used to search and categorise the RCT ...
Imerci Ahmet - - 2013
Inferior shoulder dislocation, also referred to as luxatio erecta, is a rare type of shoulder dislocation. Its incidence is about 1 in 200 (0.5%) among all shoulder dislocations. The objective of this study was to review six cases of inferior shoulder dislocation, including their clinical and radiological presentation, management, and ...
Pillenahalli Maheshwarappa Ravishankar - - 2013
A 10-year-old boy presented with left-sided nasal obstruction and epistaxis. Endoscopic evaluation revealed a polypoid mass in the vestibule arising from the lateral wall of the nasal cavity anteroinferior to the left inferior turbinate. Computed tomography (CT) scan showed a soft tissue opacity in the vestibule of the left nasal ...
Dieguez Sebastian - - 2013
The topic of the double is a hallmark of romantic, gothic, and fantastic literature. In the guise of the second self, the alter ego or the doppelgänger, fictional doubles have long fascinated critics, clinicians, and scientists. We review classical approaches to the theme and propose a broad clinical and neurocognitive ...
Chai Feng Yih - - 2013
Ventriculostomy or external ventricular drain (EVD) placement by free-hand technique has a high malplacement rate. It is a blind procedure that often requires multiple attempts and revisions. To date, no neurological complication due to EVD malplacement has been reported in the literature. In this report, we present the first case ...
Ching Kevin C KC Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop Street, 3950 Presby South Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2013
We present the case of a 56-year-old double lung transplant recipient with chest pain who underwent an attempted endovascular retrieval of what was described as a retained guide wire in the azygos vein. After successfully grasping the tip, the object further migrated to the right pulmonary artery complicating the retrieval. ...
Itagaki Haruhiko H Department of Biology, Kenyon College, Gambier, OH - - 2013
Although the use of grant proposals and blind peer review are standard in the natural sciences, their use as a pedagogical tool is rarely mentioned in the literature. As a consequence of dissatisfaction with term papers and literature reviews as the capstone writing experience in 300-level undergraduate biology courses, I ...
El Hage Chehade Hiba H HH General Surgery, Makassed General Hospital, Beirut, - - 2013
Burkitt's lymphoma is an uncommon cause of intussusception in adults. Double intussusceptions due to Burkitt's lymphoma are extremely rare. We present a case of a 26-year-old man who presented with symptoms of intestinal obstruction and was diagnosed with double ileoileal intussusception at laparotomy. The pathology of the lead points turned ...
Wang Bonnie B Department of Internal Medicine, University of Illinois, College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA Carle Foundation Hospital, Urbana, IL, USA - - 2013
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for clinicians. Manifesting in a remarkably wide spectrum of symptoms and signs, CVT often presents in a misleading fashion-if unrecognized or misdiagnosed, it carries potentially fatal consequences. Visual loss is quite rare as the initial presentation of CVT and is ...
Giuffrida Michelle A - - 2012
Objective-To review blinding terminology used in published reports of veterinary clinical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and to determine how practicing veterinarians interpret blinding terminology. Design-Retrospective literature review and prospective veterinarian survey. Sample-195 parallel-group clinical RCTs published from June 2004 to June 2010 in 11 peer-reviewed journals; 21 practicing veterinarians at ...
Abbott Megan M - - 2012
SUMMARY:: In the era of evidence-based medicine, new treatment protocols and interventions should be routinely evaluated for their efficacy by reviewing the available evidence. In the cleft literature, nasoalveolar molding has garnered attention over the last decade as a new option for improving nasal form and symmetry before primary surgical ...
Waller Brittany - - 2012
Transverse nasal crease is an uncommonly reported entity. It likely represents an embryologic fault line. Transverse nasal milia have also been reported in the same location, both as an isolated finding and in a transverse nasal crease. This observation suggests they are variants of the same entity. Two cases, one ...
House Joseph B - - 2012
Real-time assessment of operator performance during procedural simulation is a common practice that requires undivided attention by 1 or more reviewers, potentially over many repetitions of the same case. To determine whether reviewers display better interrater agreement of procedural competency when observing recorded, rather than live, performance; and to develop ...
Singla Mohit - - 2012
A ventriculoseptal defect (VSD) usually is present in patients with a double-outlet right ventricle. This report describes a case of double-outlet right ventricle with a completely shrouded inlet VSD and no interventricular shunting. This was associated with a severely regurgitant dysplastic mitral valve. The anatomy and clinical management of the ...
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