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Results 301 - 350 of 563
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Gontkovsky S T - - 1999
The documentation of Huntington's disease as an autosomal-dominant disorder can be traced to the late 19th century, the first recorded cases as far back as the early 1600s. However, only recently have the neuropsychological correlates of the condition begun to be examined. Contemporary investigators have documented general findings of Huntington's ...
Varela P - - 1999
Tertiary syphilis is now a rare disease in Europe, mainly as a result of occasional antibiotherapy for concomitant infections. However early syphilis is rising in USA and Germany, and it is necessary to maintain an high level of knowledge and suspicion to achieve a diagnosis in the tertiary stage of ...
Carranza-Bencano A - - 1999
We report a case of bilateral Achilles tendon xanthoma as the first clinical manifestation of familial hypercholesterolemia. We review the literature and stress the need for orthopaedic surgeons to be familiar with this disease. An early diagnosis of this metabolic disorder is important to institute medical therapy and to alter ...
Lele S M - - 1999
Asymptomatic intraplacental choriocarcinoma is a rare event with only a few case reports in the literature. The recognition of such a lesion on routine placental examination is important and prompts rapid clinical evaluation for identifying residual and/or metastatic disease followed by institution of chemotherapy. Failure to recognize such a lesion ...
Balkissoon R C - - 1999
We describe two newly confirmed cases of chronic beryllium disease who presented to our clinic from a facility that only used 2% beryllium copper alloy. These cases illustrate that the 2% beryllium copper alloy continues to cause chronic beryllium disease and that appropriate preventive measures must be taken to control ...
Takeuchi T - - 1999
We report a 56-year-old man with Paget's disease occurring near the left areola without any underlying breast carcinoma. Histologically, there was no evidence suggesting continuity with a lactiferous duct, accessory breast, or microscopic gynecomastia. We review previous case reports of Paget's disease occurring in unusual sites and discuss their nomenclature ...
Antoun H - - 1999
We report three children, all younger than 2 years of age, presenting with cerebellar atrophy related to carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome type 1, an autosomal recessive metabolic disease. One patient had multisystem disease; two others had mental retardation with ataxia. In all cases the cerebellar atrophy was diagnosed on magnetic resonance ...
Jerrard D - - 1999
A case of human ehrlichiosis is presented. This case review emphasizes the need for a thorough history and physical examination in all patients who present with relatively non-specific complaints such as headaches, chills, myalgias, and arthralgias. These complaints should elicit the question of recent tick exposure from the clinician, particularly ...
Romano C - - 1999
A sporadic case of acral Darier's disease in a 20-year-old woman is reported. The disease was diagnosed on the basis of clinical, histological and ultrastructural data. Only few cases of exclusively acral clinical manifestations of Darier's disease have been described in the literature.
Sobel E - - 1999
Neuromuscular disease commonly affects the rearfoot as equinus, equinovarus, and equinovalgus deformity. Spastic hemiplegia caused by stroke, head injury, and cerebral palsy results in equinovarus deformity of the rearfoot. Spastic diplegia, most frequently caused by cerebral palsy, results in equinovalgus rearfoot deformity. Problems in ambulation, footwear, and bracing, as well ...
Süzer T - - 1999
Whipple's disease confined exclusively to the CNS without systemic involvement appears to be very rare, with only 8 cases reported in the literature. We present here a further case of primary cerebral Whipple's disease in which the neurological symptoms were seen in the absence of systemic involvement and emphasize the ...
Miyashiro M J - - 1999
PURPOSE: To report a case of Lyme disease that presented with a single nummular unilateral interstitial keratitis. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature. RESULTS: A 57-year-old black man who had contact with freshly killed deer had a chief complaint of foreign-body sensation in his right eye (OD) that ...
Shimizu H - - 1999
Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is an uncommon and potentially life-threatening necrotizing inflammation of the renal parenchyma. EPN associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPCK) is extremely rare. We report such a case of bilateral EPN with ADPCK that was successfully treated with conservative methods. To our knowledge, our case is ...
Bangerter M - - 1999
Only few cases of Behçet's and hematological malignancies have been reported until now. We recently observed a 39-year-old female patient with Behçet's disease developing a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) FAB subtype refractory anemia with excess of blasts in transformation [RAEB-t] with a monosomy 7 after being treated with cyclosporin A and ...
Sharma J - - 1998
Moyamoya disease is a rare disorder of cerebrovascular circulation. A review of the literature failed to reveal the association of heterotopic ossification in patients with this disease; such a case is now presented. The patient described had atraumatic intracranial hemorrhage, was in a coma for a period of time, underwent ...
Baykal C - - 1998
Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare, hereditary, multisystem disorder characterized by mucocutaneous changes, pancytopenia and increased incidence of malignancy. Different types of neoplasia have been reported in association with dyskeratosis congenita. We present a second case associated with Hodgkin's disease. Delayed appearance of dermatological signs and association with chronic hepatitis B ...
Huang H Y - - 1998
Rosai-Dorfman disease, first described in 1969, is a rare idiopathic histioproliferative disease affecting the lymph nodes. Typical clinical features include bilateral painless lymphadenopathy, fever and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia. In approximately 43% of cases, extranodal sites may be involved and occasionally represent the initial or sole manifestation of the disease. Central nervous ...
Erickson L - - 1998
To study complications and sequelae of serogroup B and C meningococcal disease, a retrospective survey examined the outcome of all culture-proven cases reported in the province of Quebec, Canada, from January 1990 through December 1994 (serogroup B, 167 cases; serogroup C, 304 cases). Data were collected from medical files, postal ...
Kramer A J - - 1998
Gallbladder diverticulum is an unusual and uncommon disease process rarely discussed in the literature. This disorder may not be diagnosed until surgically resected. The presentation may entail nonspecific complaints over a prolonged period as highlighted in a case report of a 17-year-old woman with this disease. The incidence and pathophysiology ...
Ishizawa T - - 1998
We report a case of pretibial myxedema with Graves' disease in an 18-year-old Japanese woman. The physical examination revealed waxy indurated plaques with prominent hair follicle openings and nonpitting edema disseminated on her lower legs. Histology from an edematous lesion revealed that the dermis was markedly thickened with abundant mucin, ...
Tsolakis I A - - 1998
PURPOSE: This paper represents the presentation of a case of cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery and an exhaustive review of the literature with an emphasis on optimal means for diagnosis and treatment of this unusual disease. METHODS: We collect all reported cases of cystic adventitial disease of the ...
Mariani L - - 1998
A rare case of a hemangiopericytoma of the vulva, observed in a 55-year old woman, is presented. So far, only six cases of this uncommon disease--which continues to be a source of uncertainty from both a prognostic and therapeutic point of view--have been reported. The case is described along with ...
Fisher M S MS - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study and report two cases of diffuse panbronchiolitis in patients of Asian ancestry residing in the United States and to review the literature pertaining to this disease. DESIGN: Diffuse panbronchiolitis is a progressive interstitial pneumonitis occurring primarily in Japan. Rare cases are now being identified in Europe and ...
Deodhare S S - - 1998
Rosai-Dorfman disease is an idiopathic histiocytic disorder of lymph nodes and extranodal sites. Central nervous system manifestations of this disease are rare, and to our knowledge only 16 cases of intracranial involvement have been reported previously. Intracranial Rosai-Dorfman disease clinically and radiologically resembles meningioma, and histologic examination is essential for ...
Ochi-Okorie A S - - 1998
TROPIX is a practical application project initially designed to help improve health care delivery in the rural/semi urban clinics and public hospitals in Nigeria due largely to limited laboratory facilities, medical doctors, and expertise. This paper is devoted to the use of case-based reasoning (CBR) paradigm in concert with statistical ...
Lui S L - - 1998
Renal complications of Castleman's disease (angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia) are uncommon. The reported cases are very heterogeneous and their renal pathology ranged from minimal change disease, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, to amyloidosis. We have previously reported two cases of Castleman's disease with renal complications. We now present two more such cases. ...
Niemann A M - - 1998
Amyloidosis is a rare disease in otorhinolaryngology. It presents a wide range of clinical manifestations and its deposits can be found in various organs. In the paper, a case of a 73-year-old female patient with macroglossia, as a symptom of nodular amyloidosis is reported. The predominant features were dysphagia and ...
Möller H J - - 1998
In 1906, Alzheimer presented the first case of the disease which was later named Alzheimer's disease by Kraeplin. While the publication on this case in 1907 is only a relatively short communication, Alzheimer published a very comprehensive paper in 1911 in which he discussed the concept of the disease in ...
Tay J S - - 1997
Malignant eccrine spiradenoma is an exceedingly rare tumor. A case of a 72-year-old women with this highly aggressive malignancy arising from a long-standing lower leg lesion is reported. Management during the course of disease included surgery, radiation therapy (RT), hyperthermic limb perfusion chemotherapy, and chemotherapy. The patient died of her ...
Koseki S - - 1997
We report a 74-year-old Japanese man with triple extramammary Paget's disease; the genital and both of the axillar regions were simultaneously involved. Literature review revealed that 27 cases of triple extramammary Paget's disease have been reported in Japan, but there are no reports of triple extramammary Paget's disease from countries ...
Patel M - - 1997
Patients with Crohn's disease are at increased risk for developing adenocarcinoma of the small bowel and colon. Although several cases of gastric malignancy have been reported in patients with Crohn's disease, the association remains controversial, particularly because most patients have not had gastric Crohn's involvement. We report a patient with ...
Disdier P - - 1997
We report two cases of gastrocnemius muscle vasculitis revealing Crohn's disease. Gastrocnemius muscle biopsy evidenced a necrotizing vasculitis resembling panarteritis nodosa in one case; a nonnecrotizing vasculitis was found in the other case. Neither of the patients had systemic vasculitic involvement, and the muscle disease resembled calf muscle-located panarteritis nodosa. ...
Fujikawa S - - 1997
To estimate the number of children with rheumatic diseases, a questionnaire was distributed to the pediatrics department of 1,290 hospitals in Japan in June 1994. From this survey, 1,606 cases with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), 906 cases with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 320 cases with dermatomyositis/polymyositis (DM/PM), 28 cases with ...
Nguyen K H - - 1997
We describe our experience with 3 cases and a literature review examining whether sore throat is an early manifestation of adult onset Still's disease (AOSD). From our review of 341 cases in the English literature we noted that 69% of all reported patients displayed sore throat early in the disease ...
Pausawasdi A - - 1997
Hepatolithiasis or intrahepatic stone is more common among East Asian countries than in Western world. The relative incidence (i.e. hepatolithiasis cases against all cases with gallstone disease) in the Western countries is approximately 1% whereas in Taiwan, South Korea, the People's Republic of China it has been reported to be ...
Cooper P J - - 1997
The pathogenesis of onchocercal chorioretinopathy is poorly understood. In this article, Philip Cooper, Ronald Guderian, Roberto Proaño and David Taylor discuss the important clinical, histological and epidemiological features of the resulting lesions that cause blindness, and review the numerous mechanisins that have been put forward to explain its pathogenesis. The ...
Minelli C - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: Moyamoya disease was first believed to be confined to Japan, but over the years it has been reported all over the world. We report seven cases from the University Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo with a review of the previously described ...
Odor E M - - 1997
The growth and biological characteristics of isolates of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT) from commercial broiler chickens in the mid-Atlantic region of the U.S.A. appear to be identical to those previously reported in the literature. The clinical disease and lesions are also similar to those reported from other poultry growing regions including ...
Yip K M - - 1996
Paget's disease of the bone is extremely rare in the Chinese population. We report a case of a 91-year-old female patient who presented with a leg ulcer after an injury. On examination, she was incidentally noted to have bowing of the tibia and facial features suggestive of Paget's disease which ...
Aggarwal K - - 1996
Atheroembolic disease is an uncommon condition with many interesting manifestations and has been reported following various procedures. Its occurrence following thrombolytic therapy is extremely rare, with only a few case reports in the literature. However, with a widespread application of thrombolysis in patients with acute myocardial infarction, its incidence is ...
Barr C E - - 1996
HIV-1-associated periodontal diseases have been reported in the literature for several years. Criteria for the diagnosis of these diseases have not been universally accepted, although there are numerous papers describing the clinical entity. These case reports provide clinical and radiographic evidence of a type of periodontal disease with bone and ...
Li T J - - 1996
Kimura's disease, a chronic inflammatory condition of unknown cause, is endemic in Orientals. The present study documented 54 cases of Kimura's disease in patients from mainland China. The main clinical features of this series included young and middle-aged male predominance (male:female = 3.5:1), predilection for the head and neck regions, ...
Corazza G R - - 1996
We report the clinical, pathological, and serological findings of three adult patients with latent celiac disease. The initial intestinal biopsies, which were normal, were carried out in the first case during an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy performed for a duodenal ulcer, in the second case for first-degree familiarity with a celiac ...
Braun L - - 1996
The gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) syndrome in the dog is considered to be multifactorial. The medical records of 42 dogs treated for GDV between 1990 and 1994 were reviewed in an effort to evaluate the correlation between GDV and preexisting gastrointestinal disease. Twenty-three cases fit the inclusion criteria of an intestinal ...
Takkal A M - - 1996
Noma (Cancrum Oris/Ulcerogingivostomstitis) is a rare devastating grangrenous orofacial disease. It may lead to severe facial mutilation and deformities with dysfunctional effects. This disease primarily affects malnourished children from underdeveloped countries. It has recently been associated with AIDS in North America and Western Europe. We will be reporting and discussing ...
Kanwar B A - - 1996
A patient with unilateral bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is described in this report. The disease responded well to glucocorticoid therapy, as is characteristic. Although BOOP is being more frequently recognized as bilateral disease to the best of our knowledge, only three previous cases of unilateral disease have been recognized ...
D'Alessandro A - - 1996
This paper describes five additional Brazilian human cases of polycystic hydatid disease due to Echinococcus vogeli, reviews the previous cases reported in Brazil, including one report of E. oligarthus (20 in total), and some epidemiological aspects of this disease which is no longer a curiosity but rather a problem that ...
Loffeld R J - - 1996
The case history of a 31-year-old woman with abdominal complaints of long duration is presented. After 4 years and several hospital admissions the patient underwent diagnostic laparotomy and finally a diagnosis of diffuse jejunoileitis as a manifestation of Crohn's disease was made. The diagnostic procedures as well as the therapeutic ...
Higashi K - - 1996
There are several hyperostosis diseases of the skull that are accompanied by hearing impairment. In this article a case of Engelmann disease is presented. Currently > 130 cases of Engelmann disease are reported in literature. About 18% of these cases reported hearing impairment, but it is possible that this figure ...
Atanes A - - 1996
Eosinophilia of synovial fluid is an uncommon condition. The majority of the reported cases are associated to diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, parasitic disease, hypereosinophilic syndrome, Lyme disease, and allergic processes as well as hemarthrosis and arthrography. Presently there are only four cases of eosinophilic synovitis with unknown cause. We ...
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