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Results 351 - 400 of 519
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Tonkin M A - - 1994
The platypus (ornithorhynchus anatinus) is a furry duck-billed mammal that inhabits the waterways of eastern Australia. The male may reach 60 cm in length with a 20 cm beaver-like tail. We report the case of an American naturalist stung whilst trying to study the male in the wild. This resulted ...
Husz S - - 1994
Earlier results (the absence or a decreased level of prealbumin [PA] in the serum, a higher proportion of PA-bearing lymphocytes as antigen-binding cells, and the presence of PA in the eluate of lymphocytes in patients with drug allergy) permitted the conclusion that, besides its other relevant functions, PA may also ...
Kaniwa M A - - 1994
3 cases of allergic contact dermatitis from industrial rubber products were investigated using a combination of patch testing in patients and chemical analysis of causative rubber products by gas chromatography (GC), GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Our studies revealed N-isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (IPPD), a typical rubber allergen, as a ...
Kint B - - 1994
The case is reported of a young atopic woman with combined Type I and possible Type IV allergy to human seminal plasma, as well as Type-I allergy to latex. Clinical symptoms were swelling and a burning sensation on the vulva and in the vulvovaginal area during or after coitus, followed ...
Kumar S - - 1993
Congress grass (Parthenium hysterophorus) is a common weed growing wild in the urban and semiurban environs of North India. Cases of eczematous dermatitis caused by it generally escape clinical detection and are consequently wrongly diagnosed. An interesting case of Parthenium dermatitis treated with a high-dose course of desensitisation is presented ...
Mokhtar N - - 1993
We report a retrospective review of 12 medical students with a peculiar erythemato-vesicular dermatitis entomologically caused by an endemic beetle Paederus fuscipes. The clinical features, outcome in these cases and treatment are discussed. The students were residents of hostels in the USM campus in Kubang Kerian, Kelantan. The causative agent ...
Dooms-Goossens A - - 1993
This article reviews the correlation between the nature of cosmetic products and the location of lesions in cases of contact dermatitis. It also reviews the nature of the most common allergenic products and substances and offers guidelines for testing cosmetics in cases of contact allergy.
Currie M - - 1993
There were 57 reports of possible allergic reactions in the perioperative period in the first 2000 incidents reported to the Australian Incident Monitoring Study. These were examined and classified with respect to presentation, clinical course, agents implicated and management strategies employed. Reactions were graded as to probability of allergic aetiology ...
Freudenthal A R - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Seabather's eruption is an annoying pruritic dermatitis that appears on the areas covered by the bathing suit as an erythematous macular or papular dermatitis, with or without urticaria. It occurs sporadically in Florida, the Caribbean, and as far north as Bermuda. The cause is not known. METHODS: We collected ...
Ueda A - - 1993
Two workers (cases A and B) engaged in picking and packing okra who had complaints of work-related allergic symptoms showed distinct positive intradermal reactions to two brands of okra extracts only with thresholds of 1 x 10(-8) w/v for Case A and 1 x 10(-6) w/v for Case B. Both ...
Kumar N D - - 1993
A case of anaphylactoid transfusion reaction associated with anti-IgA antibodies is reported. The patient had low levels of serum IgA. She developed serious reaction characterised by erythematous rash, pruritus, cyanosis and dyspnoea after transfusion of otherwise compatible blood. Review of literature reveals that anaphylactoid transfusion reactions are very rare although ...
Chakraborty A K - - 1993
There was an outbreak of diarrhoea/dysentery in Naxalbari, North Bengal in August-September of 1992. Ninety-seven cases were investigated. Bacterial pathogens were isolated from stools of 17 cases and the organisms were Salmonella typhimurium (76%), Salmonella enteritidis (12%) and Shigella dysenteriae type 1(12%). A leukaemoid reaction was observed in 4 cases ...
Handfield-Jones S E - - 1993
Lignocaine is a rare contact allergen, in contrast to other local anaesthetics such as benzocaine, which commonly sensitize. The case of a patient sensitized to lignocaine through the use of a topical medication for the treatment of haemorrhoids is reported. Previous reports show that application of a lignocaine-containing preparation for ...
Lipozencić J - - 1993
The incidence of allergic contact dermatitis from neomycin evaluated in relation to 1381 verified cases of allergic contact dermatitis showed a progressive increase (5.00, 7.69, 10.18%) over a three-year period (1990-1992). Sensitivity to neomycin was investigated with special reference to possible cross-reactions between neomycin and the allergens that are commonly ...
Webster R M - - 1993
A case report and discussion of linear itchy raised blisters on the wrist of a patient that pulled Hall's Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica holliana) is presented.
Massagli T L - - 1993
A case of a 7-year-old boy with myelodysplasia who developed a local acute hypersensitivity reaction after exposure to latex gloves during electromyography is presented. Anaphylaxis from latex gloves has been recently reported, especially in patients with myelodysplasia. Allergens from rubber gloves can be introduced under the skin during EMG and ...
Manca N - - 1993
We describe a 65-year-old woman born and living in Northern Italy affected by non tropical spastic tetraparesis and her asymptomatic husband presenting HTLV-1 sequences in their lymphocytes detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We discuss the significance of the case and the mechanism involved in HTLV-1 infection and the relationship ...
Weese D L - - 1993
Contrast media can be absorbed across the urothelium in amounts sufficient to cause severe anaphylactoid reactions. We report 2 cases of anaphylactoid reactions during voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) or retrograde pyelography (RGP). A retrospective review of 783 consecutive VCUGs or RGPs performed at our institution over the last five years revealed ...
Vandeursen H - - 1993
Three patients were reinspected by ureteroscopy after repeat ESWL. Ureteroscopy initially did not disclose an intraluminal stone and only visualized a severe inflammatory reaction of the ureteric wall and a boss of the ureter at the level of the fluoroscopically suspected stone location. An intact stone in all 3 cases ...
Fox R - - 1993
Four cases of dermatitis following contact with insects of the genus Paederus are described. The insects are known in East Africa as Nairobi fly and cause an acute, painful toxic epidermolysis when crushed on skin. Local clinicians are familiar with the condition, but it should also be borne in mind ...
Azab M E - - 1992
Sera from 56 cases with cardiomyopathy and myocarditis and 40 cases with different types of valvular diseases were tested, using the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for the detection of antibodies to Sarcocystis. None of the cases showed specific reaction where the IFAT was negative at the cut off titre ...
Rothschild A J - - 1992
In the past 18 months, there has been considerable controversy regarding the benzodiazepine triazolam (Halcion). To review data supporting or not supporting the assertion that treatment with triazolam results in adverse reactions more frequently than with other benzodiazepines, the author used computerized literature searches (MEDLINE, English language articles from 1975 ...
Yamaguchi K - - 1992
A comparative survey of delayed adverse reactions (DARs) to ionic and nonionic contrast media (CM) was carried out. In Japan high osmolar CM have mostly been replaced by new low osmolar CM. Therefore, a retrospective survey was performed limited to inpatients who had received an enhanced CT examination in our ...
Bolaji I I - - 1992
Two cases of autoimmune progesterone dermatitis (AIPD) are reported. The patients developed a recurrent eruption, primarily on the extremities after receiving oral oestrogen/progesterone replacement for the treatment of climacteric symptoms. The diagnosis was confirmed in one of the cases who had intradermal progesterone injection producing an early positive reaction. One ...
Smith Y R - - 1992
Two cases are reported in which hypersensitivity reactions occurred after intrauterine placement of spermatozoa or embryos. Because the cells were processed and transferred in antibiotic-containing media, these reactions were suspected to be because of penicillin allergy. One patient had no prior penicillin allergy but was found to be penicillin allergic ...
Gupta B N - - 1992
Epidermal erosion and a 40-60% increase in histamine content of skin were observed in guinea pigs treated with different concentrations of detergents. The primary irritation indices of these animals ranged between 0.3 and 1.5. Eight human subjects with skin lesions attributable to detergent exposure were patch tested with 500 mg ...
Barakat R R - - 1992
Natural rubber products, including surgical gloves, are known to be associated with contact dermatitis in allergic individuals. These cell-mediated immune reactions are usually not serious. However, an increasing number of reports have appeared recently in the medical literature concerning the association of latex with type I IgE-mediated anaphylactic reactions. We ...
True P K - - 1992
It has generally been accepted that combat stress reactions are best treated near the war front. The "BICEPS" model is a frequently used model for treating such stress reactions. With the deployment of forces to Saudi Arabia, cases similar to combat stress have occurred during the phase of anticipation of ...
Smart E R - - 1992
Three cases of allergy to rubber are described, in which the patients exhibited peri-oral rashes following dental treatment by personnel wearing latex rubber gloves. Two of the patients were aware of possible allergy to domestic rubber products but did not reveal this as part of their medical history. With the ...
Sollecito T P - - 1992
Plasma cell gingivitis is a disorder first described in the 1960s and was believed to be caused by an allergic reaction to flavored chewing gum and toothpaste. The lesion was believed to have been largely eliminated by removing the allergens from the products. We report two additional cases, not related ...
Boucher M - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of possible association of benzalkonium chloride in nebulizer solutions with respiratory arrest and to review the involvement of various preservative agents in paradoxical bronchoconstrictive reactions. DATA SOURCES: Reference articles, case reports, and editorials are identified in the text. DATA SYNTHESIS: Many pharmacologic agents are available ...
Weiss L M - - 1992
The diagnosis of toxoplasmic lymphadenitis is currently established by histologic evaluation with confirmation by serologic studies. We used a sensitive and specific polymerase chain reaction methodology for the identification of toxoplasmic genomes previously reported by others to investigate whether this technology could contribute to the diagnosis. We were able to ...
Wittal R A - - 1992
A survey of Australian dermatologists was conducted into skin reactions observed to diltiazem. These have included: erythema multiforme, subcorneal pustular dermatosis, photosensitive erythroderma, macular exanthem, allergic vasculitis and urticarial vasculitis. The range of clinical and histopathological features are described. A review of the literature is presented. Photosensitive erythroderma and urticarial ...
Dooms-Goossens A - - 1991
This review is an update of a previously published one on airborne-induced contact dermatoses. Because reports in the literature often omit the term 'airborne', 12 volumes of Contact Dermatitis (July 1985-April 1991) were screened, and the cases cited were classified as to history, lesion locations, causative agents, and other factors. ...
Hiruma M - - 1991
A case of dermatophytosis showing a kerion celsi reaction in the eyebrow of a forty-seven-year-old woman is reported. The causative organism was Trichophyton rubrum. Direct mycologic examination revealed endothrix parasitism within the shafts of the infected hairs, and the trichophytin test gave positive results. Histologic examination of the lesion revealed ...
Allen V T - - 1991
Gypsy moth caterpillar dermatitis is a pruritic, papular, urticarial eruption on exposed skin that occurs most commonly after direct contact with the first instar larva of the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar). We present two case reports to illustrate its clinical and histopathologic features. Both cases occurred during the spring of ...
Papadakis J T - - 1991
A patient developed a hypersensitivity reaction two weeks after being put on hemodialysis with acetate dialysate. The reactions appeared exclusively during hemodialysis and were relieved immediately after its termination. These allergic manifestations disappeared with substitution of bicarbonate for acetate dialysate and reappeared upon rechallenge with acetate dialysate. The rest of ...
Wall L M - - 1991
From a total of 993 previously reported cases of occupational skin disease (OSD), 954 (96%) were contacted and 711 (75%) examined. The review time (i.e., period from original diagnosis of OSD until review) varied from a minimum of 6 months to a maximum of over 8 years. Over 60% of ...
Ngatia T A - - 1991
Two hundred and fifty-two teats from the udder quarters of 68 dairy cows were studied by bacteriological examination of quarter milk samples and microscopic examination of the teats. Of 252 quarters, 169 teats showed inflammatory changes, while 83 were of normal appearance. The inflammatory changes consisted of either neutrophil infiltrations, ...
de Groot A C - - 1991
6 cases of contact allergy to the antitumor antibiotic mitomycin C from intravesical instillation are described. Reports suggest that up to 9% of patients treated with mitomycin C for chemoresection/prevention of superficial bladder cancer will develop cutaneous side-effects. Patients may present either with vesicular dermatitis of the hands and feet ...
Chee W W - - 1991
The inhibition of polymerization of polyvinyl siloxane impression materials by direct contact with latex gloves has been well documented. Indirect intraoral inhibition of polymerization that results from contact of oral tissues with latex gloves during tooth preparation and gingival retraction procedures has been reported. This case report illustrates the problems ...
Deutsch E S - - 1991
Angioneurotic edema involving the uvula is sometimes referred to as Quincke's edema. The term angioneurotic edema describes several closely related diseases manifested by recurrent, acute edema of the skin or mucosa. We report a case of uvular edema secondary to food allergy, treated successfully with steroids. A short review of ...
Crosby D L - - 1991
A case of concomitant granuloma annulare (GA) and necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is presented. The etiology of these two disorders remains obscure. The similarity of the histopathology in GA and NL might suggest a common origin. However, a review of the 5 previous cases of concomitant GA and NL and recent ...
Gait J E - - 1990
The prescribing information for nitrofurantoin states that patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency may experience hemolysis following administration of the drug. Although there is no doubt that this statement is qualitatively correct, the degree of risk in the general population of patients has not been previously quantified. This study was designed ...
Maso M J - - 1990
Contact dermatoses from disposable gloves are being reported with greater frequency. A variety of eruptions can occur. These have become increasingly relevant for dermatologists, who for most procedures now use disposable gloves. This article represents a review of the relevant issues about the use of disposable gloves by dermatologists. Methods ...
Corominas M - - 1990
Orgotein is being increasingly used in the treatment of some inflammatory disorders. Up to now no hypersensitivity reaction has been reported. We present the case of an allergic reaction demonstrated by both, "in vivo" and "in vitro" tests. This finding further supports the need for an adequate control during and ...
Berger R G - - 1990
We describe a patient who had an immediate, intense, localized synovitis due to intraarticular triamcinolone hexacetonide injection. The reaction was secondary to rapid intracellular ingestion of the steroid microcrystals as demonstrated by compensated polarized microscopy. We report the unique nature of this patient's response, and we review previous literature regarding ...
Reiner A P - - 1990
A 74-year-old man experienced an acute hemolytic reaction following transfusion of 4 units of red blood cells. The recipient was K negative, one of the transfused units was K positive, and another contained a previously undetected anti-K with an indirect antiglobulin titer of 512. Further investigation led to the discovery ...
Rastogi S S Division of Nephrology and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 1990
We report a case of ciprofloxacin-related allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis, which manifested as nonoliguric renal failure, eosinophilia, and eosinophiluria. Our patient responded to discontinuation of ciprofloxacin therapy and oral administration of a brief course of corticosteroids. Although rare, allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis apparently can be caused by ciprofloxacin therapy. Clinicians should be ...
Dromgoole S H - - 1990
Reports in the literature of sensitization associated with many commonly used sunscreening agents including p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), PABA derivatives, anthranilates, salicylates, cinnamates, benzophenones, and dibenzoylmethane derivatives are reviewed. Several of these case reports involved subjects with various photodermatoses, implicating enhanced sensitivity of the patient's skin to both light and chemicals. ...
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