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Loke Yoon Kong - - 2006
To determine whether anecdotal reports of suspected adverse drug reactions are valuable early warning signals. Systematic literature survey We evaluated all case reports of adverse drug reactions published in 1997 in five medical journals. Reports were excluded if the adverse reaction had previously been described in earlier publications and was ...
Hostynek Jurij J - - 2006
The fragrance material methyl heptine carbonate has been cited as a moderately frequent cause of cosmetics-related allergic contact dermatitis. A review of the literature shows that when the underlying clinical data are analyzed, there is only one published case where a possible causal link to a cosmetic product has been ...
Cassano N - - 2006
Infliximab is an anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha chimeric monoclonal antibody which is effective in diseases associated with a T-helper (Th) 1 response, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease and psoriasis. There are sporadic case reports of atopic dermatitis (AD) induced or precipitated by anti-TNF-alpha therapy, which have been attributed to ...
McMullen E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of physical friction as an irritant in the causation of contact dermatitis is under-recognized. Frictional dermatitis is defined as an eczematous process in which physical frictional trauma contributes to the induction of a dermatitis process. OBJECTIVES: To examine the clinical background of patients in whom friction was ...
Behrman E J - - 2006
This paper reviews the recent literature on the title reactions and updates a 1988 review.
Osimitz Thomas G - - 2006
Pyrethrum has been reported to produce allergic contact dermatitis in humans. Moreover, it has been speculated that cross reactions occur in ragweed-sensitized people. This review presents the botany, contemporary chemistry, and case reports of alleged allergic contact dermatitis. Our interpretation suggests that the evidence presented in literature does not show ...
Martínez Alonso J C - - 2006
Few reports exist on allergic reactions to ranitidine. We present a case of bronchospastic reaction to ranitidine occurred during a drug challenge test. After administration of a therapeutic dose of ranitidine, the patient showed dyspnea, cough and bronchospasm in all the lung fields. Personal respiratory background was negative for respiratory ...
Marquès L I - - 2006
A woman presented work-related rhinoconjunctivitis due to inhalation of pepsin used in a slaughterhouse. Prick tests and conjunctival challenge were positive to pepsin. Serum specific IgE to pepsin was 5.58 kU/L and an IgE-binding band of 43 kDa was detected in SDS-PAGE Immunoblotting. Rhinoconjunctivitis improved clearly when the patient was ...
Jeck-Thole Sabine S Solvay Pharmaceuticals, Hannover, Germany. - - 2006
Betahistine is a structural analogue of histamine that is prescribed for the treatment of vestibular disorders such as Ménière's disease and the symptomatic treatment of vertigo. It is estimated from sales information that >130 million patients have been exposed to the drug since its registration in 1968. In this review ...
Conforti Anita A Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Reference Centre for Education and Communication, WHO Programme for International Drug Monitoring, University of Verona, Verona, - - 2006
Signal detection is a crucial element in recognising new adverse drug reactions (ADRs) as soon as possible. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors ('statins'), the most potent cholesterol-lowering drugs, are generally well tolerated but can occasionally lead to liver toxicity. Pre- and postmarketing studies on statins revealed an incidence of 0.1-3% elevation in ...
Layton Deborah D Drug Safety Research Unit, Bursledon Hall, Southampton, - - 2006
The erythema multiforme (EM) spectrum of bullous eruptions (toxic epidermal necrolysis [TEN] and Stevens-Johnson syndrome [SJS]) are rare and serious skin reactions that have been reported for cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 selective inhibitors. Our objectives were to identify and describe cases of serious skin reactions reported during postmarketing studies of COX-2 selective ...
Nebeker Jonathan R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We undertook the review of all available cases of hypersensitivity reactions after placement of a drug-eluting stent (DES) and classified potential causes. BACKGROUND: Six months after the approval of the first DES, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reported 50 hypersensitivity reactions after stent placement but later concluded these ...
Braganza S C - - 2006
Data on acute paediatric anaphylaxis presentations to the emergency department (ED) are limited. All allergic presentations to one Australian paediatric ED were studied to determine epidemiological, clinical, and outcome data. Retrospective, case based study of patients under 16 years attending one metropolitan, paediatric teaching hospital ED in Australia over three ...
Cadinha S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids (CS) are widely used in the treatment of asthma, allergic disorders and other immunological diseases due to their anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties. Physicians seldom suspect them of causing allergic reactions. However, more and more cases of hypersensitivity reactions to CS have been described. Reports of delayed allergic reactions ...
Kaptanoglu A F - - 2005
The side-effects of antiretroviral agents have been widely reported in the literature. Lamivudine is an antiretroviral agent, and skin eruption because of this agent has been rarely reported. Previous reports regarding these few side-effects of lamivudine include angioedema, urticaria, anaflactoid reactions, allergic contact dermatitis and alopecia. There is no report ...
Doogue Matthew P MP Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand. - - 2005
We report a case of a severe hypersensitivity syndrome reaction to clopidogrel that resolved with dechallenge and recurred on rechallenge. The reaction included neutropenia, rash, fever, tachycardia, nausea, and vomiting. This presentation is very similar to the frequently reported hypersensitivity syndrome reactions to the structurally similar drug ticlopidine and is ...
Haymore Bret R - - 2005
Epinephrine is the only definitive treatment of anaphylaxis, and recent evidence suggests that the intramuscular route has superior pharmacokinetics to subcutaneous administration. There is little data regarding what route is commonly used in clinical practice. The objective of this article is to determine the rate of epinephrine use in cases ...
Reisman Robert E - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A variety of unusual or unexpected reactions have occurred in a temporal relationship to insect stings. This review will summarize these case history reports in recent years. As these reactions are very infrequent, the review will also include prior reported unusual reactions attributed to insect stings. RECENT ...
Torres M C - - 2005
Acrylates are a well-known cause of occupational contact dermatitis due to its widespread use in several settings such as dentistry, orthopaedic surgery, graphic industry and cosmetics. We describe the case of a manicurist who developed occupational rhinitis and allergic contact dermatitis induced by the application of acrylic-sculptured nails.
Vélez Inés - - 2005
Plasma cell gingivitis was identified during the early 1970s as an allergic reaction to a component in a chewing gum. The clinical picture was described as bright erythema of the entire gingiva, loss of stippling and generalized swelling. Today, many allergens appear to be responsible for this problem. This report ...
Levin Mark - - 2005
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is commonly treated with the alkylating agent chlorambucil. Allergic reactions to this chemotherapy are rare. Previous reports include urticaria, angioedema, rashes, toxic epidermal necrolysis, drug fever and one case of immune hemolytic anemia. We report 2 cases that had the identical symptoms of acute onset of ...
Hampson J P - - 2005
A case report of a 67-year-old man who suffered a hypersensitivity reaction to atorvastatin is described. He suffered collapse and was in shock characterised by marked hypotension, facial oedema and eosinophilia. His initial condition led the surgeons to think he might have had an abdominal sepsis. The reaction with angio-oedema ...
Graziano Scott - - 2005
Indigo carmine is commonly used during cystoscopy when evaluating for lower urinary tract safety after gynecologic surgery. We report a case of severe hypotension and bradycardia following intravenous indigo carmine injection in a patient with known sulfa allergy.
Rogers P J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Topical steroids became available, without prescription, in the U.K. in 1987, with hydrocortisone 1% cream first being licensed for irritant contact dermatitis and reactions to insect bites. Since then the number of indications for nonprescription hydrocortisone use has increased and clobetasone has also become available as an over-the-counter (OTC) ...
Klimek L - - 2005
Nasal congestion is a common and troublesome symptom of allergic rhinitis. Because it impairs the natural human drive for nasal breathing, it -- in addition -- leads to lower self-esteem and to impaired quality of life. It is a symptom that is difficult to treat. Traditionally, intranasal steroids, because of ...
Martin J A - - 2005
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a rare cause of peristomal skin problems. Only 23 cases have previously been reported in the literature. We report the case of a colostomy patient with a severe disabling blistering peristomal dermatitis. Patch testing to a British Contact Dermatitis Society standard series, medicaments and a ...
Harboe Torkel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Several studies have recognized neuromuscular blocking agents as the most common cause of anaphylaxis during general anesthesia, but the reported frequencies vary considerably between countries. In Norway, the issue has raised special concern because of reports from the Norwegian Medicines Agency that suggest a high prevalence. This article presents ...
Trattner Akiva - - 2005
Tefillin (phylacteries) are a religious article worn by observant Jewish men. Only two cases of allergic contact dermatitis from tefillin have been reported previously. We describe 7 new cases of tefillin contact dermatitis and review the literature on contact allergy caused by religious objects and practices. All our patients had ...
Athar Muhammad Nauman - - 2005
A 25-year-old woman, later identified as index case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), presented to Holy Family Hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan with fever and generalized coagulopathy. A retrospective contact tracing was conducted to explore the modes of exposure possibly associated with transmission of CCHF infection among contacts. We traced 32 ...
García-Abujeta José Luis - - 2005
A case of long-lasting, extensive eczematous and bullous dermatitis affecting exposed areas (arms and legs), beginning within 24 hr after having a mud bath with cinnamon essential oil in a spa, in a 74-year-old woman, is reported. Patch tests with the GEIDC standard battery and the dental battery (including clove ...
Hussain Namath S - - 2005
The placement of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is the most common form of treatment for hydrocephalus. Although allergic reactions to the silicone in shunt hardware are very rare, the authors describe a case of silicone allergy causing multiple ventricular shunt revisions. A 24-year-old man, who had undergone multiple VP shunt ...
Firenzuoli F - - 2005
We report the case of a 52 year old woman that had an adverse reaction after taking a dry herbal extract of an unripe fruit of Citrus aurantium L. var. amara, as dietary supplement for weight loosing. The fruit is also known as zhi shi (in traditional Chinese Medicine) or ...
Diaz James H - - 2005
Caterpillars are the wormlike, larval forms of butterflies and moths of the insect order Lepidoptera. Next to flies, lepidopterans are the most abundant arthropods with more than 165,000 species worldwide, and with most species posing no human threats. However, caterpillar species from approximately 12 families of moths or butterflies worldwide ...
Carr Warner W - - 2005
A case of pediatric peanut allergy is presented. Pathophysiology, clinical characteristics, diagnostic test, case management, and natural history are reviewed. Clinical Pearls and Pitfalls include: (1) About 20% of young infants will outgrow peanut allergy, especially if IgE levels measured by ImmunoCAP RAST are less than SkU/L. (2) Cases of ...
Aste N - - 2005
We report a case of tinea manuum bullosa in a 36-year-old male, a crop and livestock farmer by trade. The lesion, resembling contact dermatitis, was located in the palm of the right hand. We isolated Trichophyton verrucosum. No other skin lesion was detected. Blood chemistry and immunology test results were ...
Urra E - - 2005
Urethritis caused by Neisseria meningitidis in heterosexual patients is presumed to occur via orogenital contact, but confirmation has not been possible in most cases. Presented here is a case of urethritis caused by N. meningitidis, serogroup C, and the isolation of the same microorganism from the nasopharynx and endocervix of ...
Fontán M - - 2005
We report three new cases of allergy to Gammarus, two of them involving cutaneous symptoms, and the third one with occupational asthma. The results showed exposure to feed containing Gammarus shrimp to be the main cause of the allergic symptoms in the three patients. In all cases the intervention of ...
Carlson Ryan M - - 2004
An increasing number of cases of allergic contact dermatitis secondary to formaldehyde resins used for textile finishes have been seen in our office over the last several years. Although previously reported to be more common in women, we have seen almost as many men as we have seen women with ...
Werchniak Andrew E - - 2004
The relationship between herpes simplex virus (HSV) and erythema multiforme (EM) has been well described. Many authors contend that EM (excluding Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis) occurs almost exclusively as a response to HSV infection. During the past year, however, we have observed several cases of EM complicating severe ...
Alexandrescu Doru T - - 2004
A 65-year-old male developed progressive dry cough and digital clubbing after starting rituximab-CHOP chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. A lung biopsy showed loose non-necrotic granulomas in a background of mild fibrosis and rare eosinophils, compatible with a drug-induced hypersensitivity pneumonia. Associated manifestations of this hypersensitivity reaction were a high eosinophil count, ...
Mancuso Carissa E - - 2004
Benzodiazepines frequently are administered to patients to induce sedation. Paradoxical reactions to benzodiazepines, characterized by increased talkativeness, emotional release, excitement, and excessive movement, are relatively uncommon and occur in less than 1% of patients. The exact mechanism of paradoxical reactions remains unclear. Most cases are idiosyncratic; however, some evidence suggests ...
Baptist Alan P - - 2004
Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis (APD) is a condition in which the menstrual cycle is associated with a number of skin findings such as urticaria, eczema, angioedema, and others. In affected women, it occurs 3-10 days prior to the onset of menstrual flow, and resolves 2 days into menses. Women with irregular ...
Foti Caterina - - 2004
We describe the case of a 42-years-old non-atopic man who developed a severe eczematous reaction in the genital area some hours after the use of a condom (Settebello-Hatù Durex) containing a retarding cream. Patch test revealed a strong allergic reaction to the retarding cream and to benzocaine and paraben mix ...
Johansson S G O - - 2004
The nomenclature proposed in the October 2003 report of the Nomenclature Review Committee of the World Allergy Organization is an update of the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology Revised Nomenclature for Allergy Position Statement published in 2001. The nomenclature can be used independently of target organ or patient ...
Beaudouin E - - 2004
Chlorhexidine, an antiseptic belonging to family of biguanides, is used extensively in the medical and surgical environment. Late onset hypersensitivity and eczema occur regularly and are well documented events. Conversely, immediate hypersensitivity, sometimes taking the form of acute urticaria that can result in anaphylactic shock, is rarer. These manifestations can ...
Dinakar Chitra - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma is a disease causing significant morbidity and mortality. In the recent past, there has been an explosion of pharmacotherapeutic options attempting to control the disease. Unfortunately, none of the current options offers the promise of prevention or a permanent cure. However, there appear to be exciting, ...
Shwereb Christina - - 2004
Benzoyl peroxide (BP) has been a standard and effective topical treatment for acne vulgaris for the past 35 years. Previous studies and case reports have documented benzoyl peroxide to be a strong irritant and a weak allergen, with many cases of tolerance induced with repeat use of this irritant. While ...
Aguiar David - - 2004
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an infrequent disease but with a high mortality rate. It is a mucocutaneous reaction resulting from hypersensitivity to a variety of agents including most anticonvulsants. Many patients with primary or metastatic intracranial tumours receive anticonvulsants for seizure prophylaxis despite their efficacy not having been clearly ...
Thomsen Henrik S - - 2004
When anaphylactoid and other severe adverse reactions to contrast media occur, prompt recognition and immediate treatment are essential. Simple guidelines for treatment have been requested by many radiologists, and therefore the Contrast Media Safety Committee has produced guidelines for treatment of acute adverse reactions to contrast media. The committee made ...
Bernardez Teresa - - 2004
The paternal transference and the erotic transference have been singled out in the literature as more problematic for women analysts with male patients. Two clinical cases provide evidence for their appearance indicating that the reactions they trigger in women may explain the difficulties in their recognition and interpretation. In these ...
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