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Results 451 - 500 of 519
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Wengrower D - - 1986
Penicillin and its derivatives are known to cause several dermatologic and pulmonary hypersensitivity reactions. This report describes a patient who presented with combined generalized exfoliative dermatitis and severe pneumonitis caused by penicillin and aggravated by ampicillin, methicillin and mezlocillin. Antibiotic challenges with penicillin caused immediate reappearance of the dermatological manifestation; ...
Sternbach G - - 1985
Dermatitis, the inflammatory response of the skin to various factors, may present in a variety of forms. Atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, nummular eczema, seborrhea, and stasis dermatitis, conditions with which the patient may present to the emergency department, either in the acute stage or with exacerbation of a chronic condition, ...
Hogan D J - - 1985
Lichenoid stomatitis has been reported in the use of a number of drugs. This is a case report of lichenoid stomatitis associated with lithium carbonate. The association between lichenoid stomatitis and lithium carbonate was confirmed by rechallenge in this patient. A number of cutaneous reactions have been reported as adverse ...
Schmidt R J - - 1985
In order to provide a new reference point in the dermatological literature from which the naming of florists' chrysanthemums may be regularised and standardised, the case is presented for the use of the generic name Dendranthema together with a cultivar name in place of a specific epithet. A review of ...
Stephens G W - - 1985
Anaphylaxis is a rare complication of hemodialysis. Unless there is a high index of suspicion, symptoms may not be immediately recognized as a manifestation of hypersensitivity and prompt attention may be delayed. To improve physician awareness of this problem we report a patient who developed a severe anaphylactic reaction within ...
Ginai A Z - - 1985
The tissue reaction of seven contrast agents--pure barium sulphate, Micropaque, Hytrast, Dionosil, Gastrografin, Amipaque and Hexabrix-was evaluated on the mediastinum of rats. This work was undertaken to define the most suitable and safe contrast agent for use in the upper gastrointestinal tract in cases where leakage outside the gut into ...
Falk E S - - 1985
Chronic or relapsing irritant eczema of the hands was the main complaint in 34 veterinary surgeons. 9 had contact allergic eczema of occupational character. In 8 cases, the allergies were probably due to antibiotics contaminating the skin during the administration of treatment. Contact allergy to penicillin was observed in 5 ...
Peller J S - - 1985
It has been suggested that corticosteroids can cause allergic reactions including anaphylaxis. Thirty-five patients have been reported to have anaphylaxis-like reactions following exposure to hydrocortisone in topical and parenteral preparations. We describe a further case of a nonatopic woman who developed urticaria during intravenous infusion of hydrocortisone. A review of ...
Fisher G B - - 1985
Two patients with eosinophilic cellulitis are reported and 22 additional cases from the literature are reviewed. Cutaneous lesions are variable in appearance and may be confused with cellulitis, urticaria, insect bites, or contact dermatitis. Microscopically, there is a dense dermal infiltrate of eosinophils. Subsequently, granulomatous features with characteristic "flame figures" ...
Caruana R J - - 1985
The occurrence of hypersensitivity reactions in patients dialyzed on artificial kidneys is well recognized in the dialysis community, but has received little attention in the medical literature. We report 4 cases of dialyzer hypersensitivity reactions and review the previously reported cases. Dialyzer hypersensitivity syndrome presents as an acute anaphylactoid reaction, ...
Levy D B - - 1984
Zomepirac sodium is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug with potent analgesic properties. Since its introduction in October 1980, this prostaglandin inhibitor has been fairly well tolerated, and little toxicity has been associated with its use. In fact, it was not until April 1981 that the first serious reaction of anaphylaxis was ...
Barker P M - - 1984
p6trinsic allergic alveolitis is rare in childhood, with most of the cases reported due to exposure to avian precipitins (Stiem et al. 1966; Dinda et al. 1969; Chandra & Everly Jones 1972; El-Hefny et al. 1980). We report a 10-year-old girl with bird fancier's lung, and suggest that environmental antigens ...
Ginai A Z - - 1984
The reactions of seven contrast agents--pure barium sulphate, Micropaque, Gastrografin, Dionosil, Hytrast, Amipaque and Hexabrix--on the bronchi and lungs of rats were studied. This work was undertaken to find a safe gastrointestinal contrast agent for use in post-operative patients where aspiration may be an accompanying risk. Amipaque and Hexabrix produced ...
Culp W C - - 1984
Gallstones from 100 patients were tested for buoyancy in four concentrations of contrast materials commonly used in the biliary tree. In 7 1/2% iodine, fully 68% of the patients' stones floated; in 15% iodine, 82% floated; in 30% iodine, 93% floated; and in 38% iodine, 95% floated. This can lead ...
Hillerdal G - - 1984
Idiosyncrasy to salicylic acid and related substances is well known, the most common symptoms being asthma, rhinorrhea and urticaria. We here describe two cases whose only symptoms were hoarseness and in which inspection revealed laryngeal edema when the patients ingested any of these substances. In cases of chronic recurring hoarseness, ...
Botha J J - - 1984
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents can precipitate an asthma attack of varying severity. The most likely mechanism is the inhibition of the production of prostaglandin E with a concomitant increase in the production of the leukotrienes. A case in which an attack of asthma was precipitated by ingestion of 50 mg zomepirac ...
Cadera W - - 1984
The ocular reactions to caterpillar hairs are diverse in nature and location, ranging from a toxic reaction to the external foreign bodies, keratoconjunctivitis or the formation of conjunctival nodules, to intense iritis, vitritis or papillitis. Four cases are presented in this paper to illustrate the various degrees of ocular involvement. ...
Merritt K - - 1984
The term biocompatibility encompasses many aspects of the behaviour of a material in the body including its effects on the host and the host's effects on it. Two aspects of biocompatibility which are difficult to predict are sensitivity reactions and infections. These reactions are very dependent on the host and ...
Milam S B - - 1983
The majority of adverse reactions to local anesthetics are either the direct result of pharmacologic properties of the local anesthetics and/or vasoconstrictors or the result of excessive anxiety. However, because of the insidious nature of the symptoms, many adverse reactions are mistakenly identified as allergic. The following case illustrates how ...
Desikan K V - - 1983
Skin testing with Dharmendra antigen was performed on 55 patients with TT, BT, BL, and LL types of leprosy and the reaction measured at different intervals from 24 hr to 28 days. At various time intervals, a biopsy specimen was taken from the reaction site. In TT and BT cases, ...
Lankin D L - - 1983
A patient developed a psychotic-like reaction immediately after receiving an intramuscular injection of procaine penicillin G. The patient complained of a metallic taste, dizziness, ringing of the ears, and the fear of imminent death. No cardiovascular or pulmonary disturbances were noted. The reaction and all symptoms resolved within 15 minutes, ...
Watkins J - - 1983
A review of the important aspects of immunity and its disturbance by drugs is given, together with a resumé of the various immunological pathways involved in adverse anaesthetic reactions. Etomidate is unique amongst anaesthetic drugs in that it does not release plasma histamine. Between 1978 and 1982, five cases of ...
Masu S - - 1983
Ultrastructural localization of IgA in the skin of three Japanese patients with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) was studied with the immunoelectron microscopic technique using periodate-lysine-paraformaldehyde fixation. In direct immunofluorescence studies, two of the three cases showed fine fibrillar deposition of IgA and the other case fine granules in the dermal papillae. ...
Kiani R - - 1983
Two patients, after several weeks of zomepirac sodium use, experienced acute toxic eruption, fever, lymphadenopathy, arthralgias, angioedema of the hands, and eosinophilia. We believe that these cases represent type 3 allergic reactions to zomepirac.
Swanson N A - - 1983
Two cases of treatment site granulomatous reaction to Zyderm Collagen Implant that occurred in spite of a negative skin test are reported. A delayed hypersensitivity reaction to ZCI is suggested by the clinical time course and the histologic findings of hypersensitivity granulomas. Humoral immunity is also implicated in the reaction ...
Kavli G - - 1983
Phytophotodermatitis from Heracleum laciniatum is described in 2 typical cases. Experimental phytophotodermatitis was produced using homogenates from leaves of the plant and long-wave ultraviolet light. The homogenates of leaves produced strong phototoxic reactions. The minimal phototoxic erythema dose was determined to be lowest for abdominal and midback skin. The action ...
Garrigues N W - - 1983
Scarlet red dye, commonly used in clinical situations, is very rarely involved in contact dermatitis. A single report of sensitivity appears in the prior literature. Two cases of scarlet red allergy are presented and documented by patch testing. Discussion is oriented to alert clinicians to the recognition and treatment of ...
Zugerman C - - 1982
Dermatoses related to the industrial environment are costly and underreported. Contact dermatitis is due to irritants in 75 percent of cases and to true allergy in only 25 percent. Differences between these two types of dermatitis include a longer induction period for allergy. Patch testing may be useful for diagnosis ...
Dempsey K J - - 1982
Three cases of allergic contact hypersensitivity to Sta-Lok and Loctite anaerobic sealants are reported. These two anaerobic sealants constitute a +100 million annual market in industrial sealants used to join metal surfaces together. To the best of my knowledge, these are the first reported cases of allergic contact hypersensitivity to ...
Blumental G - - 1982
Three cases with pseudolymphomatous hypersensitivity reaction to tattoo pigment are described. One of the cases showed histologic features of Spiegler-Fendt pseudolymphoma. Awareness of this type of reaction to tattoo pigment can help prevent erroneous diagnosis of lymphoma. Several published reports are cited in which pseudolymphomatous reaction to tattoo pigment was ...
Mikuni I - - 1982
According to the classification by Swineford, many cases of the atopic type show allergic conditions among family members and, besides asthma, patients often have a past history of allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and urticaria. Many cases of vermal catarrh are assumed to be included in this atopic type in this ...
Vander Sande J - - 1982
The case is reported of an acute cardiovascular collapse immediately after the administration of suxamethonium to a 25-year-old woman undergoing a diagnostic laparoscopy under general anesthesia. Reintervention 14 days later--without the use of suxamethonium--was uneventful. A skin prik test with suxamethonium proved highly positive. A survey of the literature is ...
Fine A J - - 1981
This report describes a hypersensitivity reaction to kiwi fruit in a patient who developed moderately severe generalized symptoms after handling the fruit. A search of the literature did not reveal any previous reference to kiwi-fruit sensitivity. It is suggested that IgE antibody is an important factor in the reaction.
Molthan L - - 1981
The literature lacks cases which document significant hemolytic transfusion reactions or which document successful transfusions of incompatible donor blood in patients who have anti-Yk(a), anti-Cs(a), or anti-Yk(a)+Cs(a). A patient who had multiple extravascular hemolytic transfusion reactions due to anti-Yk(a)+Cs(a) is herein reported. The initial reaction was on the basis of ...
Theis J - - 1981
Six cases of tropical rat mite (Ornithonyssus bacoti) dermatitis are presented. The patients experienced papular urticaria, and mites were found on and identified in several of the patients. The presence of rodents in or around the home was confirmed in most cases. The role of other parasitic mites found on ...
Burkhart C G - - 1981
A case of acute allergic dermatitis in which the predominant lesions were pustules developed in a patient after the application of a topical antibiotic cream. The distinct clinical and histopathologic features of this case are presented herein.
Shehadi W H - - 1980
More than 300,000 case reports have been collected in a prospective survey of adverse reactions to intravascular contrast media. The reports were provided by radiologists in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia and represent the largest survey of its type to date. The overall incidence of reactions was about ...
Rycroft R J - - 1980
During 1979 approximately 20% of 160 laboratory employees in an animal virus research institute had skin problems; in two-thirds of cases (14% of the total number of laboratory employees) the dermatoses were non-occupational in origin. Occupational contact dermatitis was irritant in nature rather than allergic. Only one active case of ...
Crounse R G - - 1980
Dermatitis due to members of the Compositae (Asteraceae) family of plants has been reported for many years from several parts of the world. Nevertheless, it seems to be overlooked by many present-day clinicians, undoubtedly because clinically it mimics photodermatitis or an airborne contact dermatitis of nonplant origin. This clinical review ...
Holfeld N W - - 1980
Nine cases of granulomatous dermatitis in carnivores (eight dogs, one cat) are described. In three cases, in which there were no fungi in hair shafts, nor any other evidence of mycotic infection initially, fungal elements were demonstrated in the granulomas with the aid of special stains (PAS and Grocott). Granulomatous ...
Jackson R T - - 1980
Sporadic cases of a severe photocontact dermatitis have appeared in the last few years following use of fruity-smelling suntan preparations and sunlight exposure. We report five such cases in women who developed severe edema and erythema of sun-exposed areas shortly after application of agents containing 6-methylcoumarin used as fragance. Routine ...
Weaver R E - - 1980
A review of the pertinent literature concerning acrylic resin and its relation to allergic reactions and chemical injury has been presented. The relation of acrylic resin prostheses and materials to oral reactions and lesions is discussed and possible causes and means of evaluation are proposed. Examples of mucosal infection and ...
Lederman D A - - 1980
Four cases of an unusual skin eruption related to mandibular block injection are presented. The authors suggest an immunologic basis for the reaction, probably to the methylparaben preseravtive, and discuss a possible pathogenic mechanism. The medical-dental literature concerning untoward reactions to lidocaine is reviewed; particular attention is given alleged allergic ...
Truppman E S - - 1979
Four cases of possible fungal infections after 700 augmentation mammaplasties are presented in a 9-year experience. The source could not be determined. If any readers have had one or more similar cases, we would appreciate your contacting us.
Ayres S S - - 1979
A case report is presented herein of a twenty year old woman in whom an acute dermatitis of the face developed, which may have been caused by the use of a skin machine, possibly in combination with the use of a topical medication.
Smythies J R - - 1979
This paper reviews the present status of the transmethylation and the dopamine hypotheses of schizophrenia and presents recent data on the definitive identification and measurement of the endogenous hallucinogen, dimethyltryptamine (DMT) in human cerebrospinal fluid and urine. Elevated levels are found in some cases of schizophrenia and of liver disease. ...
Noble R C - - 1979
Three cases of pharyngeal gonorrhoea were misdiagnosed in patients harbouring meningococci which failed to utilise maltose in CTA medium. The microbiological identity of the isolates was established by other means. Although meningococci giving atypical reactions to carbohydrate utilisation tests occur only rarely, the possibility of a misdiagnosis of gonorrhea, and ...
Ekenvall L - - 1978
In a pharmaceutical industry, several cases of allergic contact eczema caused by the beta-adrenergic blocking agent alprenolol (Aptin) have appeared. This report deals with 12 men and two women who developed eczema during work with the substance. In 13 of the 14 cases, the induction time for sensitization was less ...
Pineda A A - - 1978
Data on 47 cases of hemolytic transfusion reactions are presented along with a review of the literature. Human error and limitations of current techniques of compatibility testing remain the major causative factors of hemolytic transfusion reactions.
Fisher M M - - 1978
Five cases of severe anaphylactic reactions to alcuronium are described. Investigation suggested that these are probably true anaphylaxis to the drug. The cases illustrate the value of intradermal testing in detecting the drug involved and the necessity of using colloidal solutions and adrenaline in the management of hypotension due to ...
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