Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 852
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Prevots D Rebecca - - 2003
In 1992, Brazil adopted the goal of measles elimination by the year 2000; however, in 1997, after a 4-year period of good control, there was a resurgence of measles in Brazil. In 1999, to achieve the elimination goal, Brazil implemented the Supplementary Emergency Measles Action plan, with one measles surveillance ...
Dayan Gustavo H - - 2003
In 1999, the Ministry of Health of Kyrgyzstan adopted the goal of measles elimination. This opportunity was used to launch a rubella and congenital rubella syndrome prevention program. Between January and August 2001, a rubella outbreak occurred in Bishkek City and Chui Oblast. Rubella surveillance data were reviewed for Kyrgyzstan ...
- - 2003
CDC continues to work with state and local health departments, the World Health Organization (WHO), and other partners to investigate cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). During November 1, 2002-April 30, 2003, a total of 5,663 SARS cases were reported to WHO from 26 countries, including the United States; ...
Henneberger Paul K - - 2003
The objective was to elaborate the descriptive epidemiology of work-related cases of reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS). Cases of work-related asthma (WRA) were identified in four states in the United States during 1993-1995 as part of the Sentinel Event Notification Systems for Occupational Risks (SENSOR). Information gathered by follow-back interview ...
Dale W. Sparks
Bats that inhabit dead or dying trees may interact with a wide variety of other animals that utilize this same habitat, including potential predators. Herein, we report two interactions between Indiana myotis (Myotis sodalis) and woodpeckers (Red-bellied Woodpeckers, Melanerpes carolinus; and Northern Flickers, Colaptes auratus). We also report attempts by ...
Rosivack R Glenn - - 2003
The number of adolescents and young adults undergoing intraoral piercing is increasing in the United States. Numerous articles have documented complications following intraoral piercing. This article presents a case of prolonged bleeding and reviews other documented sequelae following intraoral piercing. The article may serve as a guide to dental professionals ...
Katz Alan R - - 2003
PURPOSE: For surveillance purposes, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CDC/CSTE) have defined two case classifications for leptospirosis: "confirmed" and "probable." The objective of this study was to provide data to refine the current surveillance case classifications. METHODS: All reported leptospirosis infections ...
Schier Joshua G - - 2003
Envenomation from pit vipers native to North America can be treated successfully with either of the 2 commercially available antivenoms licensed in the United States. However, envenomations from imported snakes held in zoos or private collections often pose unique challenges to management because of the lack of specific antivenom and ...
Garfield Monica J - - 2003
Four case studies were conducted in Georgia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Wisconsin to uncover factors that played key roles in state telemedicine initiatives. Factors that affect the success of state telemedicine initiatives include telecommunications infrastructure, correctional facilities, need for a champion, user buy-in, competition in the healthcare market, timing of the ...
Smith Jemma - - 2003
The United Kingdom is free from rabies, with the last human death from indigenous rabies recorded in 1902. However, between 1946 and 2000, 20 deaths were reported in the United Kingdom in people who were bitten and infected while abroad in rabies endemic areas. The rapid diagnosis of suspected human ...
Krebs John W - - 2002
During 2001, 49 states and Puerto Rico reported 7,437 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals and 1 case in a human being to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an increase of < 1% from 7,364 cases in nonhuman animals and 5 human cases reported in 2000. More than ...
- - 2002
During January 1-December 2, 2002, CDC's Vessel Sanitation Program (VSP), which conducts surveillance for acute gastroenteritis (AGE) on cruise ships with foreign itineraries sailing into U.S. ports received reports of 21 outbreaks of AGE on 17 cruise ships. Of the 21 outbreaks, nine were confirmed by laboratory analysis of stool ...
Augenbraun Michael H - - 2002
After a precipitous increase in the incidence of infectious syphilis in the United States during the late 1980s and early 1990s, the rate of new cases has declined so dramatically that a program initiated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to achieve elimination appears to stand a ...
Hopkins Donald R - - 2002
This paper summarizes the status of the global dracunculiasis eradication campaign as of early 2002. Of the 20 countries that were endemic when the campaign began, seven have already interrupted transmission, four countries reported less than 100 cases each, and only five countries reported more than 1,000 cases each in ...
Goorney Ben - - 2002
We describe a case of a heterosexual HIV-negative man treated for primary syphilis with oral doxycycline in accordance with Clinical Effectiveness Group guidelines for treatment of early syphilis. Following an initial adequate response, he developed secondary syphilis three months later. We discuss the most likely cause of this relapse and ...
Singer P - - 2002
In two recent court cases, Ms B, a paralysed competent adult, was allowed to end her life; Mrs Pretty, another paralysed competent adult, was not. In legal terms, the essential difference between the two cases is that Ms B was seeking the withdrawal of treatment, whereas Mrs Pretty was asking ...
Aguilera Jean-François - - 2002
The 2000 Hajj (March 15-18) was followed by an outbreak of Neisseria meningitidis W135 2a: P1.2,5 in Europe. From March 18 to July 31, 2000, some 90 cases of meningococcal infection were reported from nine countries, mostly the United Kingdom (UK) and France; 14 cases were fatal. Although most early ...
- - 2002
Since October 2001, a total of 27 states has reported investigations of multiple groups of schoolchildren who have developed rashes. Rash illnesses among schoolchildren in 14 states were reported in March; since the initial report, rashes have been reported in 13 additional states (Alabama, Alaska, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, ...
Noyer Charles M - - 2002
Human infection with the sheep liver fluke Fasciola hepatica is a global zoonosis that usually parallels the prevalence of infection in sheep and other ruminants. The disease is endemic in South and Central America, Puerto Rico, the Caribbean region, many parts of Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Australia, and China. ...
Taracena Rosario - - 2002
The "Paulina case" is the story of a 13-year-old girl in Mexico who became pregnant in 1999 after being raped. Although she received permission to obtain a legal abortion, the hospital convinced her mother through misleading information to decline the abortion. This case has become an almost obligatory point of ...
Bachmann Gloria A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the pathophysiologic changes associated with androgen insufficiency in the female. DESIGN: A review of the English-language literature from 1940 to 2001. CONCLUSION(S): Data suggest that diminished androgen levels, most frequently noted in the surgically menopausal patient, may be associated with a number of symptoms including reduced sexual ...
Jansen T L Th A - - 2002
Intra-articular, paratendinous or other soft tissue corticosteroid injections are well-recognised treatment modalities for rheumatic conditions in which a debilitating inflammatory component persists. A corticosteroid injection that is locally administered only sporadically evokes adverse effects. We report four cases of secondary Cushingoid state, twice due to single, and twice due to ...
Llovo J J Dpt. Microbiology, University Hospital Complex of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. - - 2002
Onychocola canadensis is a non-dermatophytic mould that may cause distal and lateral subungual or white superficial onychomycosis. It was first reported in 1990. To date, it has been reported only from temperate countries, namely Canada (14 cases), New Zealand (3), France (9) and the United Kingdom (4). We report the ...
Bassin Sarice - - 2002
Status epilepticus (SE) has an annual incidence exceeding 100,000 cases in the United States alone, of which more than 20% result in death. Thus, increased awareness of presentation, etiologies, and treatment of SE is essential in the practice of critical care medicine. This review discusses current definitions of SE, as ...
Despond Olivier - - 2002
A nine-year-old boy died from rabies encephalitis caused by a rabies virus variant associated with insectivorous bats. The patient was most likely infected in the Laurentian Mountains of western Quebec, but neither the patient nor his parents remembered any direct contact with an animal. The diagnosis was made seven days ...
- - 2002
In 2000, a provisional total of 86 confirmed measles cases were reported to CDC by state and local health departments, representing a record low and a 14% decrease from the 100 cases reported in each of the previous 2 years. This report describes the epidemiology of measles in the United ...
Campos-Outcalt Doug - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The rate of transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections from female to female is a matter of debate. Sexually transmitted disease among lesbians and female bisexuals is usually associated with sexual contact with men or intravenous drug use. There is little evidence that female-to-female transmission of syphilis ...
Moore Bradley S - - 2002
The biosynthesis and mode of attachment of a wide range of polyketide synthase (PKS) starter units in bacteria are covered in this review. Natural, unnatural, and engineered starter units associated with type I and type II PKSs are reported. The literature through early 2001 is reviewed, and 240 references cited.
Rotter I - - 2002
Laser-induced degenerate states (LIDS) are equivalent to double poles of the S matrix that are branch points in the complex plane (BPCP). These branch points cause geometric phase changes by encircling them adiabatically around a closed circuit by varying certain parameters. They cause also the well-known phase changes appearing by ...
Taylor W P - - 2002
Because previous authorities had suggested that small ruminants were playing a part in the dissemination of rinderpest, and a rinderpest-eradication campaign was about to begin, it was necessary to make precise virus identifications from a number of small-ruminant "rinderpest" outbreaks. When this was done using a database created from passive ...
Gardella Carolyn - - 2002
The number of persons with early syphilis who donated blood between 1995 and 2000 in the United States was estimated using data collected in the National Electronic Telecommunication System for Surveillance (NETSS). To distinguish paid from volunteer donors, cases reported in 2000 were analyzed. For the 6 years, 22 primary, ...
McQuiston Jennifer H - - 2002
Coxiella burnetii, the etiologic agent of Q fever, is a worldwide zoonotic pathogen. Although Q fever is present in the United States, little is known about its current incidence or geographic distribution in either humans or animals. Published reports of national disease surveillance, individual cases, outbreak investigations, and serologic surveys ...
Biddle Elyce A - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Using different methods, two national systems compile fatal occupational injury data in the United States: the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). The NTOF uses only death ...
Yamamoto T - - 2002
Twenty cases of a persistent vegetative state (PVS) caused by various kinds of brain damage were neurologically and electrophysiologically evaluated at 3 months after persistence of the PVS, and were treated by deep brain stimulation (DBS) therapy. The stimulation sites were the mesencephalic reticular formation (2 cases) and CM-pf complex ...
Paik So-Ya - - 2002
Owing to the characteristic Warthin-Finkeldey giant cells found in hyperplastic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, it has been emphasized that pathologists can make a diagnosis of measles from appendectomy specimens even in the prodromal stage before diagnostic rashes develop. However, to date, those reported cases of measles-related appendicitis have dealt with the ...
- - 2002
As part of its report "Unfair Advantage: Workers' Freedom of Association in the United States under International Human Rights Standards," Human Rights Watch conducted a series of case studies in a dozen states, covering a variety of industries and employment sectors, analyzing the U.S. experience in the light of both ...
Davidson Natasha - - 2002
In January 2001 a 19-year-old Sydney resident, who had recently returned from India, visited Melbourne for 4 days while infectious with measles. A further 50 measles cases were subsequently identified, mainly among young adults. Thirty-eight cases (75%) were in the same birth cohort (born between 1968 and 1981). This cohort ...
- - 2002
As part of its report "Unfair Advantage: Workers' Freedom of Association in the United States under International Human Rights Standards," Human Rights Watch conducted a series of case studies in a dozen states, covering a variety of industries and employment sectors, analyzing the U.S. experience in the light of both ...
Valdir Q Balbino
Lutzomyia umbratilis, a known vector of Leishmania guyanensis in the north of Amazon basin, has been exclusively found in the Amazonian region. Here we report for the first time the occurrence of this species in northeastern Brazil. The epidemiological importance of the occurrence of this species in the Atlantic Forest ...
Reaney E A - - 2001
An outbreak of mumps occurred in the Mid-Ulster area of Northern Ireland between 1st November 1999 and 31st August 2000, with 729 cases notified. Salivary test results were obtained for 430 (59%) reported cases, of which 332 (77%) were positive for mumps IgM antibody. Three hundred and sixteen (95.2%) of ...
- - 2001
CDC and state and local public health authorities continue to investigate cases of bioterrorism-related anthrax. As of November 7, a total of 22 cases of anthrax have been identified according to the CDC surveillance case definition; 10 were confirmed inhalational anthrax cases and 12 cases (seven confirmed and five suspected) ...
- - 2001
Since October 3, 2001, CDC and state and local public health authorities have been investigating cases of bioterrorism-related anthrax. This report updates findings as of October 31, and includes interim guidelines for the clinical evaluation of persons with possible anthrax. A total of 21 cases (16 confirmed and five suspected) ...
Rich J D - - 2001
Syphilis remains a significant problem in the United States. The prison environment is an ideal location to identify and treat syphilis. We undertook this study to describe the correlates and risk factors for syphilis among incarcerated women in Rhode Island. The study design was a review of all cases of ...
Battle S E - - 2001
Blastomycosis is a fungal infection acquired via inhalation of Blastomyces dermatitidis. The majority of cases occur in central, southeastern, and mid-Atlantic areas of the United States. We report the case of a 42-year-old veteran infected with the human immunodeficiency virus who presented in E1 Paso, Texas, with a dry cough, ...
- - 2001
Shigella sonnei causes approximately 10,000 cases of gastroenteritis each year in the United States. These infections occur predominately among young children and usually are associated with poor hygienic conditions in child-care settings. Outbreaks of shigellosis among men who have sex with men (MSM) have occurred because of direct or indirect ...
Katz A R - - 2001
Leptospirosis is frequently misdiagnosed as a result of its protean and nonspecific presentation. Leptospirosis, a zoonosis with global distribution, commonly occurs in tropical and subtropical regions; most reported cases in the United States occur in Hawaii. All laboratory-confirmed leptospirosis cases in the State of Hawaii from 1974 through 1998 (n=353) ...
Al-Dhahry S H - - 2001
In the past decade, the Sultanate of Oman has experienced three outbreaks of paralytic poliomyelitis--a widespread polio type 1 epidemic in 1988/1989, four cases of polio type 3 in three different regions in 1991, and a localized type 1 outbreak in 1993. The lessons learnt from each of these epidemics ...
Othmar Breuss
The lecideoid lichen Helocarpon lesdainii (Zahlbr.) Breuss, comb. nova is reported new to the United States from coastal forests of Oregon. Originally described as Lecidea lesdainii Zahlbr. from the Canary Islands, the species seems to be locally abundant in the Pacific Northwest.
Carey F M - - 2001
Schistosomiasis is the most serious helminthic infection in the United Kingdom. Female genital schistosomiasis affects 9-13 million women worldwide, mainly in areas where Schistosoma haematobium is endemic. With increasing tourism to these areas, this diagnosis is being encountered more frequently in the West. We present 2 cases of vulval schistosomiasis ...
Harrison T C - - 2001
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD/C) is one cause of death in young adults in the United States, representing approximately 17% of all ARVD/C cases reported. This study presents 2 cases of ARVD/C diagnosed at a central Texas hospital and reviews the literature regarding this disease. The diagnosis, histology, presentation, prognosis, ...
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