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Jesse Slater
Ten species of the heptagenine mayfly genus Cinygmula are recognized in North America. Two of these species were originally described from Colorado, C. mimus (Eaton) and C. ramaleyi (Dodds). Additionally, C. par (Eaton) and C. tarda (McDunnough) have been reported from the state. The purpose of this paper is to ...
William R. Bevier,Lawrence M. ...
This report presents a partial speci cation for Mach kernel requests. It is based on a mathematical description of a legal Mach kernel state given in [BS94b]. That report gives a speci cation of the entities that may exist in a legal Mach kernel state, and their properties. We restrict ...
Brown Clive M - - 2004
This report presents CDC's recommended case definitions and surveillance practices for Acute Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemorrhage (AIPH). In 1994 and 1997, CDC reported clusters of acute pulmonary hemorrhage (APH) among infants in Cleveland, Ohio. Subsequent reviews of these investigations identified shortcomings in the conduct of the studies and concluded that the ...
Pugh R N - - 2004
Between the beginning of December 2002 and the end of March 2003, eight cases of infectious syphilis were diagnosed in Walsall. Two unrelated clusters were identified. The first consisted of three cases, two heterosexual patients and a baby with congenital syphilis. The infant had no congenital stigmata of syphilis, which ...
Tao Guoyu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Surveillance for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) depends on the receipt of positive STD test results from laboratories or reports of STD diagnoses from clinicians to local or state health departments. GOAL: The goal of this study was to evaluate incompleteness of reporting of chlamydial infection in a large staff-model ...
Wkly Epidemiol Rec
departments on their Web sites and by personal communication in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New York State, was 330 from 1988 to 2002, 121 from 1994 to 2002, and 542 from 1986 to 2001, respectively. The number of cases reported by the New York City Health Department from 1991 to ...
Schrag Stephanie J - - 2004
In response to the emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the United States established national surveillance using a sensitive case definition incorporating clinical, epidemiologic, and laboratory criteria. Of 1,460 unexplained respiratory illnesses reported by state and local health departments to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from March ...
Isakbaeva Elmira T - - 2004
To better assess the risk for transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV), we obtained serial specimens and clinical and exposure data from seven confirmed U.S. SARS patients and their 10 household contacts. SARS-CoV was detected in a day-14 sputum specimen from one case-patient and in five stool ...
Miralles Iracema Sampaio - - 2004
Burkholderia pseudomallei has rarely been isolated from environmental and clinical specimens in South America, particularly, in Brazil. This report describes a case of melioidosis with fulminant sepsis in a 10 year old boy, from rural area, in Tejuçuoca, State of Ceará, Brazil. Blood samples were positive and, through the analysis ...
Kansouzidou Athina - - 2004
In recent years, several studies have shown that Cyclospora cayetanensis is a worldwide intestinal pathogen, and it has been implicated in a number of sporadic cases and epidemic outbreaks of diarrheal illness in several endemic areas. The parasite is associated with prolonged and relapsing watery diarrhea in immunocompetent persons, as ...
Paz-Bailey Gabriela - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Despite national progress in syphilis control, increases in rates have recently occurred, and syphilis is still an endemic problem in the southern United States. An outbreak of infectious syphilis among Hispanics was identified in Decatur, Alabama. GOAL: An investigation was initiated to describe the outbreak and to assist with ...
Golovatch, Sergei I.
The distribution of the small-bodied millipede Myrmecodesmus hastatus (Schubart, 1945), which currently covers much of South America, is reviewed and refined with the first records from Peru and Mato Grosso state, Brazil. Generally this species seems to be so strongly associated with ant and termite nests that syanthropization might have ...
- - 2003
During the 2003 epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), CDC and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) developed surveillance criteria to identify persons with SARS. The surveillance case definition changed throughout the epidemic as understanding of the clinical, laboratory, and transmission characteristics of SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) increased. ...
Radun D - - 2003
Hong Kong played a pivotal role in the international spread of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): a doctor who spent the night of 21-22 February 2003 at Hotel 'M' was identified as the index case for four national and international clusters of SARS. In parallel to the international collaborative ...
R. S. Beal Jr.
A checklist of all valid species of Dermestidae known to occur in the United States and Canada is presented with notes on the distribution and economic importance of each. Included is a revised key to the genera with a reference to the latest revisionary study or review of each genus.
Beatty Mark E - - 2003
Recent events have drawn attention to cases of inhalational and cutaneous anthrax associated with contaminated mail. Gastrointestinal anthrax, the disease caused by ingestion of Bacillus anthracis organisms, has rarely been reported in the United States. This review provides background information on the gastrointestinal form of the disease. We describe the ...
Bicchieri Marina - - 2003
Just two examples of writings by the hand of S. Francesco are known to exist: a letter to Brother Leone, kept in the archives of Spoleto cathedral and the Chartula, displayed in the Hall of Reliquaries at Assisi's Sacro Convento. For the first time in its history the Chartula has ...
- - 2003
In July 2003, a cluster of hepatitis A cases was identified among young adults who had attended outdoor concert and camping events featuring various "jam bands." As of September 2, a total of 25 cases have been reported among residents of nine states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Indiana, Michigan, New York, ...
Thomas J. Henry
The phyline genus Platyscytisca Costa and Henry is reviewed and one new species, P. nelsoni, is described from Bahia, Brazil. Platyscytisca nelsoni, the second species recognized in the genus, represents a considerable northern range extension for the genus from the state of São Paulo. Provided for P. bergmannae Costa and ...
Suzanne Joneson
Acroscyphus sphaerophoroides Lév. is reported new to Washington State (U.S.A.) Previously this rare and monotypic fruticose lichen has been reported from North America only in Veracruz, Mexico and British Columbia, Canada. We are unable to verify the collection from Mexico at this time, however it's locality near Perote in the ...
Roy Sharon L - - 2003
Trichinellosis is a parasitic disease caused by tissue-dwelling roundworms of the species Trichinella spiralis. The organism is acquired by eating Trichinella-infected meat products. The disease has variable clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic to fatal. In the United States, trichinellosis has caused hundreds of preventable cases of illness and occasional deaths. ...
Munsiff Sonal S - - 2003
One multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDRTB) strain, strain W, caused several nosocomial outbreaks in New York City (NYC) during 1 January 1990-31 July 1993. We reviewed all MDRTB cases verified during 1 August 1993-31 December 1999 that had isolates with either this DNA pattern or a variant of this strain, and ...
- - 2003
CDC continues to work with state and local health departments, the World Health Organization (WHO), and other partners to investigate cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). This report updates SARS cases reported worldwide and in the United States, and describes the eighth probable U.S. SARS case with laboratory evidence ...
Gardner Stacy L - - 2003
This report describes the data accumulated during the first 5 years of national surveillance for the human ehrlichioses in the United States and territories, from its initiation in 1997 through 2001. Reported cases of human monocytic and granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HME and HGE) and cases of "other ehrlichiosis" (OE), where the ...
Sauders Brian D - - 2003
We analyzed the diversity (Simpson's Index, D) and distribution of Listeria monocytogenes in human listeriosis cases in New York State (excluding New York City) from November 1996 to June 2000 by using automated ribotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). We applied a scan statistic (p<or=0.05) to detect listeriosis clusters caused ...
Mazo J J - - 2003
Since the original proposal of 1996 by Floria et al. [Europhys. Lett. 36, 539 (1996)] of intrinsic localization in Josephson ladders, many efforts have been devoted to the theoretical, numerical, and experimental study of such dynamical states in Josephson arrays. Such efforts have already produced around 20 papers on the ...
Amoateng-Adjepong Yaw - - 2003
Mycobacterium marinum is emerging as an important human pathogen in the United States. We report four cases incidentally diagnosed from culture of biopsy specimens of wrist lesions at a Connecticut inner city hospital between 1996 and 1999. There was no clear association with aquatic exposure and only one patient recalled ...
Dayan Gustavo H - - 2003
In 1999, the Ministry of Health of Kyrgyzstan adopted the goal of measles elimination. This opportunity was used to launch a rubella and congenital rubella syndrome prevention program. Between January and August 2001, a rubella outbreak occurred in Bishkek City and Chui Oblast. Rubella surveillance data were reviewed for Kyrgyzstan ...
Prevots D Rebecca - - 2003
In 1992, Brazil adopted the goal of measles elimination by the year 2000; however, in 1997, after a 4-year period of good control, there was a resurgence of measles in Brazil. In 1999, to achieve the elimination goal, Brazil implemented the Supplementary Emergency Measles Action plan, with one measles surveillance ...
- - 2003
CDC continues to work with state and local health departments, the World Health Organization (WHO), and other partners to investigate cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). During November 1, 2002-April 30, 2003, a total of 5,663 SARS cases were reported to WHO from 26 countries, including the United States; ...
Henneberger Paul K - - 2003
The objective was to elaborate the descriptive epidemiology of work-related cases of reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS). Cases of work-related asthma (WRA) were identified in four states in the United States during 1993-1995 as part of the Sentinel Event Notification Systems for Occupational Risks (SENSOR). Information gathered by follow-back interview ...
Rosivack R Glenn - - 2003
The number of adolescents and young adults undergoing intraoral piercing is increasing in the United States. Numerous articles have documented complications following intraoral piercing. This article presents a case of prolonged bleeding and reviews other documented sequelae following intraoral piercing. The article may serve as a guide to dental professionals ...
Katz Alan R - - 2003
PURPOSE: For surveillance purposes, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CDC/CSTE) have defined two case classifications for leptospirosis: "confirmed" and "probable." The objective of this study was to provide data to refine the current surveillance case classifications. METHODS: All reported leptospirosis infections ...
Schier Joshua G - - 2003
Envenomation from pit vipers native to North America can be treated successfully with either of the 2 commercially available antivenoms licensed in the United States. However, envenomations from imported snakes held in zoos or private collections often pose unique challenges to management because of the lack of specific antivenom and ...
Dale W. Sparks
Bats that inhabit dead or dying trees may interact with a wide variety of other animals that utilize this same habitat, including potential predators. Herein, we report two interactions between Indiana myotis (Myotis sodalis) and woodpeckers (Red-bellied Woodpeckers, Melanerpes carolinus; and Northern Flickers, Colaptes auratus). We also report attempts by ...
Garfield Monica J - - 2003
Four case studies were conducted in Georgia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Wisconsin to uncover factors that played key roles in state telemedicine initiatives. Factors that affect the success of state telemedicine initiatives include telecommunications infrastructure, correctional facilities, need for a champion, user buy-in, competition in the healthcare market, timing of the ...
Smith Jemma - - 2003
The United Kingdom is free from rabies, with the last human death from indigenous rabies recorded in 1902. However, between 1946 and 2000, 20 deaths were reported in the United Kingdom in people who were bitten and infected while abroad in rabies endemic areas. The rapid diagnosis of suspected human ...
Krebs John W - - 2002
During 2001, 49 states and Puerto Rico reported 7,437 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals and 1 case in a human being to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an increase of < 1% from 7,364 cases in nonhuman animals and 5 human cases reported in 2000. More than ...
- - 2002
During January 1-December 2, 2002, CDC's Vessel Sanitation Program (VSP), which conducts surveillance for acute gastroenteritis (AGE) on cruise ships with foreign itineraries sailing into U.S. ports received reports of 21 outbreaks of AGE on 17 cruise ships. Of the 21 outbreaks, nine were confirmed by laboratory analysis of stool ...
Augenbraun Michael H - - 2002
After a precipitous increase in the incidence of infectious syphilis in the United States during the late 1980s and early 1990s, the rate of new cases has declined so dramatically that a program initiated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to achieve elimination appears to stand a ...
Goorney Ben - - 2002
We describe a case of a heterosexual HIV-negative man treated for primary syphilis with oral doxycycline in accordance with Clinical Effectiveness Group guidelines for treatment of early syphilis. Following an initial adequate response, he developed secondary syphilis three months later. We discuss the most likely cause of this relapse and ...
Hopkins Donald R - - 2002
This paper summarizes the status of the global dracunculiasis eradication campaign as of early 2002. Of the 20 countries that were endemic when the campaign began, seven have already interrupted transmission, four countries reported less than 100 cases each, and only five countries reported more than 1,000 cases each in ...
Singer P - - 2002
In two recent court cases, Ms B, a paralysed competent adult, was allowed to end her life; Mrs Pretty, another paralysed competent adult, was not. In legal terms, the essential difference between the two cases is that Ms B was seeking the withdrawal of treatment, whereas Mrs Pretty was asking ...
Aguilera Jean-François - - 2002
The 2000 Hajj (March 15-18) was followed by an outbreak of Neisseria meningitidis W135 2a: P1.2,5 in Europe. From March 18 to July 31, 2000, some 90 cases of meningococcal infection were reported from nine countries, mostly the United Kingdom (UK) and France; 14 cases were fatal. Although most early ...
- - 2002
Since October 2001, a total of 27 states has reported investigations of multiple groups of schoolchildren who have developed rashes. Rash illnesses among schoolchildren in 14 states were reported in March; since the initial report, rashes have been reported in 13 additional states (Alabama, Alaska, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, ...
Noyer Charles M - - 2002
Human infection with the sheep liver fluke Fasciola hepatica is a global zoonosis that usually parallels the prevalence of infection in sheep and other ruminants. The disease is endemic in South and Central America, Puerto Rico, the Caribbean region, many parts of Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Australia, and China. ...
Taracena Rosario - - 2002
The "Paulina case" is the story of a 13-year-old girl in Mexico who became pregnant in 1999 after being raped. Although she received permission to obtain a legal abortion, the hospital convinced her mother through misleading information to decline the abortion. This case has become an almost obligatory point of ...
Bachmann Gloria A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the pathophysiologic changes associated with androgen insufficiency in the female. DESIGN: A review of the English-language literature from 1940 to 2001. CONCLUSION(S): Data suggest that diminished androgen levels, most frequently noted in the surgically menopausal patient, may be associated with a number of symptoms including reduced sexual ...
Llovo J J Dpt. Microbiology, University Hospital Complex of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. - - 2002
Onychocola canadensis is a non-dermatophytic mould that may cause distal and lateral subungual or white superficial onychomycosis. It was first reported in 1990. To date, it has been reported only from temperate countries, namely Canada (14 cases), New Zealand (3), France (9) and the United Kingdom (4). We report the ...
Jansen T L Th A - - 2002
Intra-articular, paratendinous or other soft tissue corticosteroid injections are well-recognised treatment modalities for rheumatic conditions in which a debilitating inflammatory component persists. A corticosteroid injection that is locally administered only sporadically evokes adverse effects. We report four cases of secondary Cushingoid state, twice due to single, and twice due to ...
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