Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 875
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Marcondes Carlos Brisola - - 2005
Due to the occurrence of cases of dermal leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Piçarras, in the East of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina, collections of Phlebotomine sandflies by the use of CDC-like light traps were developed near the houses of the patients. Three species (Lutzomyia neivai, Lu. fischeri and ...
- - 2005
Dengue is a mosquito-transmitted, acute viral disease caused by any of the four dengue virus serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4). Dengue is endemic in most tropical and subtropical areas of the world and has occurred in U.S. residents returning from travel to such areas. CDC maintains a laboratory-based passive ...
Goh Kee Tai - - 2005
Legionellosis is endemic in Singapore, with sporadic cases reported throughout the year. The absence of outbreak could be due to the low prevalence of the highly pathogenic Pontiac subtype of Legionella pneumophila in the urban environment. Mandatory maintenance of cooling towers and water fountains has been put in place, and ...
Laine Ellen Swanson - - 2005
Steaks have not been recognized as an important vehicle of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. During 11 to 27 June 2003, the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) identified four O157 infection cases with the same pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) subtype. All four case patients consumed brand A vacuum packed frozen steaks ...
Evans Jeffrey A - - 2005
Pyomyositis is a common disease in the tropics that is reported with increasing frequency in the United States. We describe an unusually fulminant, fatal case in a previously healthy adolescent male. This case illustrates the clinical progression of pyomyositis from localized muscle infection to disseminated disease, and highlights the importance ...
Duplantier Jean-Marc - - 2005
Re-emergence of human cases of plague after decades of silence does not necessarily mean that plague foci are re-emerging. Most often, Yersinia pestis bacteria have been maintained and circulating at low levels in the rodent populations. It seems therefore more appropriate to speak in terms of expansion or regression phases ...
Mehnert W H - - 2005
Lyme borreliosis is a potentially serious infection common in Germany, but little data about its incidence, distribution, and clinical manifestations are available. Lyme borreliosis is not a notifiable disease in Germany, but six of Germany's 16 states - Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt and Thüringen, have enhanced notification systems, which ...
Rangel Josefa M - - 2005
Escherichia coli O157:H7 causes 73,000 illnesses in the United States annually. We reviewed E. coli O157 outbreaks reported to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to better understand the epidemiology of E. coli O157. E. coli O157 outbreaks (>or=2 cases of E. coli O157 infection with a common epidemiologic ...
Peterman Thomas A - - 2005
SHORT SUMMARY: Syphilis cases were reviewed to see if reported stages met the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention case definition. Classification was excellent for primary and secondary and good for late latent, but half of early latent and unknown duration were misclassified. New surveillance definitions are suggested, comments requested. ...
Bora D - - 2005
Until 1996-97, when Yaws Eradication Programme (YEP) in India was launched, there were three initiatives to assess/control the yaws disease in the country. YEP was initially started as pilot study in Koraput district, Orissa and later on extended to ten states covering 49 districts. The first goal has been to ...
Smith Norman - - 2005
In the Japanese colonial state of Manchukuo, opiate addiction was condemned by officials and critics alike. But the state-sponsored creation of a monopoly, opium laws, and rehabilitation programs failed to reduce rates of addiction. Further, official media condemnation of opiate addiction melded with local Chinese-language literature to stigmatise addiction, casing ...
Gando Satoshi - - 2005
New Japanese diagnostic criteria were prepared for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in critically ill patients and their usefulness was compared with the criteria of the International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) and those of the Japan Ministry of Health and Welfare (JMHW). In a retrospective study of patients with ...
Kietdumrongwong Pongtorn - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Rabies is readily diagnosed when it presents as the classic furious form. Paralytic and atypical forms can pose significant problems in diagnosis. Catastrophic incidents included 7 organ transplant recipients who died of rabies recently in United States and Germany. Although rabies remains top in the lists of differential diagnosis ...
Krebs John W - - 2004
During 2003, 49 states and Puerto Rico reported 7,170 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals and 3 cases in human beings to the CDC. This represents a 10% decrease from the 7,967 cases in nonhuman animals and 3 cases in human beings reported in 2002. More than 91 (n = ...
- - 2004
States with fewer than 3.5 cases of tuberculosis (TB) per 100,000 population are designated as states with low incidence for TB, corresponding to CDC's interim target rate for 2000, with a goal to eliminate TB in the United States by 2010. Indiana is a low-incidence state, with a TB case ...
David B. Richman
The jumping spider genus Thiodina in the United States is reviewed here and the common western species, T. hespera new species, is formally described for the first time. We present a species key for specimens north of Mexico.
Couturier E - - 2004
This article describes syphilis trends, characteristics of patients from 2000 to 2003 in France and trends of the benzylpenicillin benzathine 2.4 million UI sales from 2001 to 2003. The ongoing surveillance system for syphilis case reporting since 2001 has been set up in volunteer settings, mostly public settings where STI ...
Marcus U - - 2004
Recent surveillance reports from Europe and the United States show an increase in syphilis cases. Accurate epidemiological information about the distribution of syphilis is important for targeting screening and intervention programmes. The German syphilis notification system changed in 2001 from physician to laboratory-based reporting, which is complemented by a newly ...
Mullally Ann M - - 2004
Trace element deficiencies and toxicities are not commonly encountered in clinical practice, particularly in regions where there is access to adequate nutrition and occupational exposures are regulated. However, specific clinical scenarios associated with trace metal deficiency and toxicity states do exist. Often, clues to the presence of these states may ...
Ziegler C M - - 2004
AIM: To compare the efficiency of a portable sonographic unit with a high-end unit used for sonographic examinations of the upper abdomen to detect therapeutically relevant diagnoses and to answer clinical questions. METHODS: Over a period of five years, 575 patients were examined by four examiners as part of the ...
Mittal Veena - - 2004
A localized outbreak of bubonic plague occurred in village Dangud (population 332), district Uttar Kashi, Uttaranchal, India in the second week of October 2004. 8 cases were considered outbreak associated based on their clinical and epidemiological characteristics; 3 (27.3%) of them died within 48 hours of developing illness. All the ...
Wallin Mitchell T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review published clinical studies on neurocysticercosis (NCC) in the United States over the past two decades and comment on epidemiologic trends and treatment. METHODS: This review is based on a search of the literature citing NCC cases diagnosed in the United States utilizing PUBMED for the years 1980 ...
Weina Peter J - - 2004
Many veterans of Operation Iraqi Freedom are now returning to the United States after potential exposure to leishmaniasis. In the past year, large numbers of leishmaniasis cases of a magnitude not encountered in the United States since World War II have challenged clinicians in both the military and the civilian ...
Fisher Ian S T - - 2004
One of the objectives of any surveillance activity is to monitor trends in infections. The international surveillance network for human enteric infections, Enter-net, has been collecting and reporting data on laboratory-confirmed human salmonella infections since 1993. The number of cases identified rose in the mid-1990s, with the peak being in ...
Nerurkar Nupur K - - 2004
Rhinosporidiosis is a disease caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi. It usually affects the nasal mucosa and rarely the conjunctiva, lacrimal sac, tonsils, and skin. We present a case study of an isolated lacrimal sac rhinosporidiosis in an 8-year-old girl who was a migrant from Orissa, an Eastern coastal state of India. ...
Chopra Rajan - - 2004
Human dirofilariasis caused by Dirofilaria repens D. repens is a common zoonosis in the Mediterranean countries and parts of South Asia. During the last decade, it has been reported from countries previously considered non-endemic. This is likely due to the increased awareness regarding Dirofilaria infection. In some such cases however, ...
Ligon B Lee - - 2004
A mysterious disease was reported on May 24, 2003, when the Wisconsin Division of Public Health (DPH) received notice of a 3-year-old girl who had been hospitalized in central Wisconsin with cellulites and fever after being bitten by a prairie dog on May 13. The laboratory isolated a gram-negative bacillus, ...
Wood R - - 2004
An outbreak of chickenpox occurred in a Scottish prison in April 2003. Three clinical cases (one virologically confirmed) were identified, two prisoners and one staff member. All were male and aged between 30 and 45 years. A further six possible cases were identified. The source of the outbreak was likely ...
Bayard Vicente - - 2004
An outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome occurred in the province of Los Santos, Panama, in late 1999 and early 2000. Eleven cases were identified; 9 were confirmed by serology. Three cases were fatal; however, no confirmed case-patient died. Case-neighborhood serologic surveys resulted in an overall hantavirus antibody prevalence of 13% ...
Whitfield K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Surveillance of patients presenting with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended method for the detection of incident cases of poliovirus infection. Australia was certified free of circulating poliovirus in 2000 but is required to continue AFP surveillance until global certification. Although Australia reached the ...
Aubert B - - 2004
We report the observation of the B meson decay B+/- -->J/psietaK+/- and evidence for the decay B0-->J/psietaK0S, using 90 x 10(6) BB; events collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II e+e- asymmetric-energy storage ring. We obtain branching fractions of B(B+/- -->J/psietaK+/-) = [10.8 +/- ...
- - 2004
During the week of July 7-13, a total of 30 human West Nile virus illness cases were reported from four states (Arizona, California, Colorado, and Iowa). During 2004, a total of 10 states have reported a total of 108 cases of human West Nile virus (WNV) illness to CDC through ...
Venkatesh S - - 2004
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the first severe new infectious disease of this millennium, caused widespread public disruption. By July 2003, 8427 probable SARS cases had been reported from 29 countries with a case fatality rate of 9.6%. The new febrile respiratory illness spread around the world along the routes ...
- - 2004
As of May 24, 2004, investigators have identified 10 confirmed measles cases associated with adoptees who traveled to the United States from China during March 2004. No cases have been reported since April 18, and all the ill persons have recovered without complications. CDC is now recommending that the temporary ...
Kahn Richard H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Corrections facilities offer public health practitioners an opportunity to gain access to large numbers of persons at risk for syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases. GOALS: The goals of this study were to estimate the number of early syphilis cases (primary, secondary, early latent) identified from corrections facilities from ...
Faustini A - - 2004
In the summer of 1999 a cluster of 18 cases of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) occurred in a University Hospital in Rome, Italy. The cases presented with mild clinical and radiological signs, and none died. Seventy-two per cent had a birth weight of > 2500 g, 66.7% had a gestational age ...
Hager W David - - 2004
Metronidazole-resistant Trichomonas vaginalis has been reported across the United States. Some reports have suggested that clinically resistant cases could be increasing. Currently, metronidazole is the only drug available to treat trichomoniasis, including resistant cases. In such cases, treatment usually consists of giving higher and more prolonged doses of metronidazole, which ...
Goe S K - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Work related asthma (WRA) is one of the most frequently reported occupational lung diseases in a number of industrialised countries. A better understanding of work aggravated asthma (WAA), as well as work related new onset asthma (NOA), is needed to aid in prevention efforts. METHODS: WAA and ...
Guris Dalya - - 2004
The elimination of endemic measles from the United States has been a national goal since the introduction of measles vaccine, and measles surveillance has been crucial to guide the elimination efforts. The United States surveillance system is geared towards detection of measles virus transmission, rapid discovery of measles outbreaks to ...
Gay Nigel J - - 2004
The status of measles elimination is best summarized by evaluation of the effective reproduction number R; maintaining R<1 is necessary and sufficient to achieve elimination. Previously described methods for estimating R from the sizes and durations of chains of measles transmission and the proportion of cases imported were applied to ...
King Arlene - - 2004
To describe the progress and challenges in achieving measles elimination in Canada, we analyzed national data on measles cases for 1998-2001. To assess the status of measles elimination in Canada, we estimated the effective reproductive number, R. Measles elimination was defined as the interruption of endemic transmission and failure to ...
Jesse Slater
Ten species of the heptagenine mayfly genus Cinygmula are recognized in North America. Two of these species were originally described from Colorado, C. mimus (Eaton) and C. ramaleyi (Dodds). Additionally, C. par (Eaton) and C. tarda (McDunnough) have been reported from the state. The purpose of this paper is to ...
William R. Bevier,Lawrence M. ...
This report presents a partial speci cation for Mach kernel requests. It is based on a mathematical description of a legal Mach kernel state given in [BS94b]. That report gives a speci cation of the entities that may exist in a legal Mach kernel state, and their properties. We restrict ...
Brown Clive M - - 2004
This report presents CDC's recommended case definitions and surveillance practices for Acute Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemorrhage (AIPH). In 1994 and 1997, CDC reported clusters of acute pulmonary hemorrhage (APH) among infants in Cleveland, Ohio. Subsequent reviews of these investigations identified shortcomings in the conduct of the studies and concluded that the ...
Tao Guoyu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Surveillance for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) depends on the receipt of positive STD test results from laboratories or reports of STD diagnoses from clinicians to local or state health departments. GOAL: The goal of this study was to evaluate incompleteness of reporting of chlamydial infection in a large staff-model ...
Pugh R N - - 2004
Between the beginning of December 2002 and the end of March 2003, eight cases of infectious syphilis were diagnosed in Walsall. Two unrelated clusters were identified. The first consisted of three cases, two heterosexual patients and a baby with congenital syphilis. The infant had no congenital stigmata of syphilis, which ...
Wkly Epidemiol Rec
departments on their Web sites and by personal communication in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New York State, was 330 from 1988 to 2002, 121 from 1994 to 2002, and 542 from 1986 to 2001, respectively. The number of cases reported by the New York City Health Department from 1991 to ...
Isakbaeva Elmira T - - 2004
To better assess the risk for transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV), we obtained serial specimens and clinical and exposure data from seven confirmed U.S. SARS patients and their 10 household contacts. SARS-CoV was detected in a day-14 sputum specimen from one case-patient and in five stool ...
Schrag Stephanie J - - 2004
In response to the emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the United States established national surveillance using a sensitive case definition incorporating clinical, epidemiologic, and laboratory criteria. Of 1,460 unexplained respiratory illnesses reported by state and local health departments to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from March ...
Golovatch, Sergei I.
The distribution of the small-bodied millipede Myrmecodesmus hastatus (Schubart, 1945), which currently covers much of South America, is reviewed and refined with the first records from Peru and Mato Grosso state, Brazil. Generally this species seems to be so strongly associated with ant and termite nests that syanthropization might have ...
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