Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 852
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Busani L - - 2006
The concomitant occurrence of a case of haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS) and 62 cases of mild gastroenteritis in schools of a small rural community in southern Italy induced the health authorities to suspect a foodborne outbreak of shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection. The schools were closed and the catering service involved ...
Katz D E - - 2006
Large outbreaks of giardiasis caused by person-to-person transmission, or a combination of transmission routes, have not previously been reported. A large, prolonged giardiasis outbreak affected families belonging to a country club in a suburb of Boston, Massachusetts, during June-December 2003. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to determine the source ...
Hendi Jennifer M - - 2006
Ascariasis is the most common helminth infection in the world and is a common cause of abdominal symptoms worldwide. Although rare in the United States, isolated cases do occur in the Southwestern States. We present a case of a 34-year-old woman who presented to the emergency room with abdominal pain ...
Bryant Vaughn M - - 2006
The United States of America would seem to be an excellent location for using pollen data in forensic applications. The vegetation within the region is highly diverse ranging from areas of Arctic tundra to some of the most inhospitable deserts anywhere in the Western Hemisphere. The highly varied ecology, great ...
Jankovic Joseph - - 2006
Diminished legal responsibility and mental capacity have been used in defense of individuals with neurological disorders charged with legal misdemeanors, including criminal behavior. The purpose of this report is to 1) critically examine the mechanisms that may predispose patients with Tourette's syndrome (TS) to potentially, legally liable behaviors; 2) report ...
Schwoebel Ann - - 2006
Evidence of bilirubin-related brain damage has been reported in infants with kernicterus discharged as healthy from well-baby nurseries. Lapses in care have been attributed as root causes for kernicterus in an era when there should be no barriers to safe and effective bilirubin reduction strategies. Between 1984 and 2002, at ...
Dash Sumitra - - 2006
We report the fourth observation of Hb Sallanches [alpha104(G11)Cys-->Tyr, TGC-->TAC (alpha2)], an unstable alpha chain variant of intermediate severity in the homozygous state. Heterozygosity occasionally produces mild hypochromia and microcytosis in some patients. A balanced beta/alpha ratio, found in previously reported cases, points to unstable alphabeta dimers formed as a ...
Lobban Christopher S - - 2006
Artificial keys to the genera of blue-green, red, brown, and green marine benthic algae of Micronesia are given, including virtually all the genera reported from Palau, Guam, Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas, Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands. Twenty-two new species or genera are reported here for Guam ...
Jeske Arthur J - - 2006
Since its introduction to in the United States about six years ago, 4% articaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine has been used by dentists as a local anesthetic agent. This article reviews three claims that have been advanced regarding articaine: high diffusibility, reduced incidence of failure in block injections, and effectiveness in ...
Bille J - - 2006
During an eight week period in spring 2005, 10 cases of listeriosis were reported in a small area of northwest Switzerland (150,000 inhabitants). Eight cases were in older immunocompromised patients who became ill with bacteraemia (three deaths), and two cases were in pregnant women who had septic abortion. All cases ...
Ruiz-Tiben Ernesto - - 2006
Since the seminal review by Ralph Muller about Dracunculus and dracunculiasis in this serial publication in 1971, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and The Carter Center forged, during the 1980s, a coalition of organizations to support a campaign to eradicate dracunculiasis. Eighteen of 20 countries were known in ...
- - 2005
During 2004-2005, three outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections occurred among agricultural fair, festival, and petting zoo visitors in North Carolina, Florida, and Arizona. One hundred eight cases, including 15 cases of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), were reported in the North Carolina outbreak; 63 cases, including seven HUS cases, were ...
- - 2005
West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of arboviral encephalitis in the United States. Originally discovered in Africa in 1937, WNV was first detected in the western hemisphere in 1999 in New York City. Since then it has caused seasonal epidemics of febrile illness and severe neurologic disease. During ...
- - 2005
Measles is a highly infectious, acute viral illness that can cause severe pneumonia, diarrhea, encephalitis, and death. During 2004, a total of 37 cases (incidence: <1 case per million population) was reported to CDC by local and state health departments, the lowest number of measles cases ever reported in 1 ...
James P. Bennett
Over 26,100 records of lichens present in 144 U.S. national park units were assembled from various sources into a database and analyzed. Within these 144 park units 2,435 species and 375 genera are reported, representing 63% and 74% of the North American flora, respectively. The park units are located in ...
Gevers Sjef - - 2005
This article sets out how a case like that of ms. Schiavo is likely to be decided in a Dutch court and compares that with the law in the United States. In the Netherlands there is one case with striking similarities: the decision of the Arnhem Court of Appeal of ...
Mody Rajal - - 2005
A 20-month-old child, native of Minnesota, was diagnosed with neurocysticercosis. He had no history of international travel or pork consumption. This case and review of the literature emphasize the need to consider neurocysticercosis in any child with nonfebrile seizures in the United States because international travel and exposure to international ...
- - 2005
More than 9.4 million passengers traveled on pleasure cruises departing from North American ports in 2004, an increase of 13% since 2003 and 41% since 2001. Cruise ships typically transport closed populations of thousands of persons, often from diverse parts of the world. Travelers are at risk for becoming ill ...
Perry Joshua E - - 2005
Although tragic, the plight of Terri Schiavo provides a valuable case study. The conflicts and misunderstandings surrounding her situation offer important lessons in medicine, law, and ethics. Despite media saturation and intense public interest, widespread confusion lingers regarding the diagnosis of persistent vegetative state, the judicial processes involved, and the ...
Strauss R - - 2005
A young male Austrian tourist, aged 23 years and unvaccinated against rabies, was bitten by a dog in Morocco in July 2004. One month later he was hospitalised in Ceuta with symptoms compatible with rabies. He died on 23 September in an Austrian hospital after a diagnosis of rabies was ...
Irani Shayan - - 2005
Barrett's esophagus is being diagnosed increasingly in the United States. The aim of this study was to determine whether the increased diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus is due to endoscopic reporting and/or a truly increasing rate. This retrospective study reviewed 18,183 endoscopy reports at Temple University Hospital from January 1991 through ...
- - 2005
In 1986, an estimated 3.5 million cases of dracunculiasis occurred in 20 countries, and 120 million persons were at risk for the disease. That year, the World Health Assembly adopted a resolution calling for the eradication of dracunculiasis, also known as Guinea worm disease. This report describes the status of ...
Fourneret-Vivier A - - 2006
A multidisciplinary working group devoted to epidemiological surveillance of invasive aspergillosis (IA) was created in January 2000 in Grenoble University Hospital. This article presents the results of a three-year IA surveillance. The multidisciplinary working group surveyed all hospitalized patients, and the mycology laboratory detected most suspected IA cases. Cases were ...
Bellini William J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The most severe sequela of measles virus infection is subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), a fatal disease of the central nervous system that generally develops 7-10 years after infection. From 1989 through 1991, a resurgence of measles occurred in the United States, with 55,622 cases of measles reported. The purpose ...
Hopkins Donald R - - 2005
This report summarizes the status of the Dracunculiasis Eradication Program as of early 2005. Nine of the 20 countries that were endemic for this disease when the program began have already interrupted transmission, Asia is free of Guinea worm, and five of the remaining disease-endemic countries reported less than 50 ...
Smith Kelly - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to summarize the available literature covering the safety profiles of oral doxycycline and minocycline. METHODS: Scientific literature published between 1966 and August 2003 was searched using the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Biosis databases (search terms: minocycline or doxycycline, each paired with adverse reaction, adverse ...
Payne Lara - - 2005
Tularemia cases have been reported in Sweden since 1931, but no cyclical patterns can be identified. In 2003, the largest outbreak of tularemia since 1967 occurred, involving 698 cases. Increased reports were received from tularemia-nonendemic areas. Causal factors for an outbreak year and associated geographic distribution are not yet understood.
- - 2005
In December 2003, the U.S. Department of State initiated a resettlement program for 15,707 Hmong refugees who had been displaced from Laos and were living on the grounds of Wat Tham Krabok, a Buddhist temple in Thailand. In January 2005, reports of tuberculosis (TB) cases among refugees still in Thailand ...
de Buron Isaure - - 2005
Thaumatocotyle roumillati n. sp. is described from specimens collected in the nasal fossae of the Atlantic stingray, Dasyatis sabina (Lesueur) from the southeastern coast of the United States, off South Carolina. Thaumatocotyle roumillati is distinguished from congeners by the size and shape of its penis as well as the presence ...
- - 2005
On July 19, 2005, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a public health advisory regarding the deaths of four women in the United States after medical abortions with Mifeprex (mifepristone, formerly RU-486; Danco Laboratories, New York, New York) and intravaginal misoprostol. Two of these deaths occurred in 2003, one ...
Joe A. MacGown
Distributions of 20 species of Pyramica (Formicidae: Myrmicinae: Dacetini) in Mississippi are reported. This list includes six new state records including Pyramica bimarginata (Wesson & Wesson), P. metazytes Bolton, P. ohioensis (Kennedy & Schramm), P. reflexa (Wesson & Wesson), P. talpa (Weber), and one introduced species, Pyramica hexamera (Brown), previously ...
Louis Elan D - - 2005
Approximately 5% of new essential tremor (ET) cases arise during childhood. The goal of the current report was to examine the possible association between male gender and pediatric ET, using data from 95 pediatric ET cases seen at three medical centers (two in the United States and one in Spain). ...
Marcondes Carlos Brisola - - 2005
Due to the occurrence of cases of dermal leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Piçarras, in the East of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina, collections of Phlebotomine sandflies by the use of CDC-like light traps were developed near the houses of the patients. Three species (Lutzomyia neivai, Lu. fischeri and ...
- - 2005
Dengue is a mosquito-transmitted, acute viral disease caused by any of the four dengue virus serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4). Dengue is endemic in most tropical and subtropical areas of the world and has occurred in U.S. residents returning from travel to such areas. CDC maintains a laboratory-based passive ...
Goh Kee Tai - - 2005
Legionellosis is endemic in Singapore, with sporadic cases reported throughout the year. The absence of outbreak could be due to the low prevalence of the highly pathogenic Pontiac subtype of Legionella pneumophila in the urban environment. Mandatory maintenance of cooling towers and water fountains has been put in place, and ...
Laine Ellen Swanson - - 2005
Steaks have not been recognized as an important vehicle of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. During 11 to 27 June 2003, the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) identified four O157 infection cases with the same pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) subtype. All four case patients consumed brand A vacuum packed frozen steaks ...
Evans Jeffrey A - - 2005
Pyomyositis is a common disease in the tropics that is reported with increasing frequency in the United States. We describe an unusually fulminant, fatal case in a previously healthy adolescent male. This case illustrates the clinical progression of pyomyositis from localized muscle infection to disseminated disease, and highlights the importance ...
Duplantier Jean-Marc - - 2005
Re-emergence of human cases of plague after decades of silence does not necessarily mean that plague foci are re-emerging. Most often, Yersinia pestis bacteria have been maintained and circulating at low levels in the rodent populations. It seems therefore more appropriate to speak in terms of expansion or regression phases ...
Mehnert W H - - 2005
Lyme borreliosis is a potentially serious infection common in Germany, but little data about its incidence, distribution, and clinical manifestations are available. Lyme borreliosis is not a notifiable disease in Germany, but six of Germany's 16 states - Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt and Thüringen, have enhanced notification systems, which ...
Rangel Josefa M - - 2005
Escherichia coli O157:H7 causes 73,000 illnesses in the United States annually. We reviewed E. coli O157 outbreaks reported to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to better understand the epidemiology of E. coli O157. E. coli O157 outbreaks (>or=2 cases of E. coli O157 infection with a common epidemiologic ...
Peterman Thomas A - - 2005
SHORT SUMMARY: Syphilis cases were reviewed to see if reported stages met the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention case definition. Classification was excellent for primary and secondary and good for late latent, but half of early latent and unknown duration were misclassified. New surveillance definitions are suggested, comments requested. ...
Bora D - - 2005
Until 1996-97, when Yaws Eradication Programme (YEP) in India was launched, there were three initiatives to assess/control the yaws disease in the country. YEP was initially started as pilot study in Koraput district, Orissa and later on extended to ten states covering 49 districts. The first goal has been to ...
Smith Norman - - 2005
In the Japanese colonial state of Manchukuo, opiate addiction was condemned by officials and critics alike. But the state-sponsored creation of a monopoly, opium laws, and rehabilitation programs failed to reduce rates of addiction. Further, official media condemnation of opiate addiction melded with local Chinese-language literature to stigmatise addiction, casing ...
Gando Satoshi - - 2005
New Japanese diagnostic criteria were prepared for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in critically ill patients and their usefulness was compared with the criteria of the International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) and those of the Japan Ministry of Health and Welfare (JMHW). In a retrospective study of patients with ...
Kietdumrongwong Pongtorn - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Rabies is readily diagnosed when it presents as the classic furious form. Paralytic and atypical forms can pose significant problems in diagnosis. Catastrophic incidents included 7 organ transplant recipients who died of rabies recently in United States and Germany. Although rabies remains top in the lists of differential diagnosis ...
Krebs John W - - 2004
During 2003, 49 states and Puerto Rico reported 7,170 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals and 3 cases in human beings to the CDC. This represents a 10% decrease from the 7,967 cases in nonhuman animals and 3 cases in human beings reported in 2002. More than 91 (n = ...
- - 2004
States with fewer than 3.5 cases of tuberculosis (TB) per 100,000 population are designated as states with low incidence for TB, corresponding to CDC's interim target rate for 2000, with a goal to eliminate TB in the United States by 2010. Indiana is a low-incidence state, with a TB case ...
David B. Richman
The jumping spider genus Thiodina in the United States is reviewed here and the common western species, T. hespera new species, is formally described for the first time. We present a species key for specimens north of Mexico.
Couturier E - - 2004
This article describes syphilis trends, characteristics of patients from 2000 to 2003 in France and trends of the benzylpenicillin benzathine 2.4 million UI sales from 2001 to 2003. The ongoing surveillance system for syphilis case reporting since 2001 has been set up in volunteer settings, mostly public settings where STI ...
Marcus U - - 2004
Recent surveillance reports from Europe and the United States show an increase in syphilis cases. Accurate epidemiological information about the distribution of syphilis is important for targeting screening and intervention programmes. The German syphilis notification system changed in 2001 from physician to laboratory-based reporting, which is complemented by a newly ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >