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Ratcliffe L - - 1998
Routine surveillance of syphilis of public health importance (infectious, congenital, and neurosyphilis) began in England and Wales in 1994, using reports from six PHLS laboratories that undertook serological and other reference work. One hundred and thirty-one cases were reported in the first two years, including 100 cases of infectious syphilis, ...
Al-Moamary M A - - 1998
Mycobacterium malmoense was first described in northern Europe and the United Kingdom in 1977. Since then, reports have appeared with increasing frequency. Cases have, however, rarely been reported from the United States, and, until now, none have been reported in Canada. This may reflect either true low prevalence of the ...
Fitzgerald D W - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: A study was conducted to determine the prevalence and health consequences of syphilis and to evaluate existing control measures in a Haitian rural district of 200,000 people served by 12 community dispensaries and Hospital Albert Schweitzer. METHODS: Syphilis seroprevalence among consecutive women receiving antenatal services was assessed using rapid ...
Deodhar N S - - 1998
Judging by WHO criteria, there was not a single case in India in 1994 that could be taken as a confirmed case of plague. Both clinical and epidemiological features of the illness alleged to be plague were not at all compatible with those of plague-both bubonic and pneumonic types. The ...
Nakatani Y - - 1998
The present paper reports 2 cases of methamphetamine abuse. Following consecutive methamphetamine administration, the patients developed acute intoxication, during which time they showed a unique type of disturbance of consciousness: delirium and twilight state. In both cases, mental status changed, passing through three distinct stages: restlessness and insomnia, hallucinatory paranoid ...
- - 1998
Summary SURVIVING WELL AND GATHERING STRENGTH IN THE FOUR WINDS: THE FOUR WINDS. Brantenberg, Gerd. Women in Translation, 1996, $12.95. Reviewed by Elizabeth Ettorre. ARE GIRLS NECESSARY? LESBIAN WRITING AND MODERN HISTORIES. Abraham, Julie. Routledge, 1996. Reviewed by Caroline Zilboorg. DYKE LIFE, FROM GROWING UP TO GROWING OLD. Jay, Karla ...
Krebs J W - - 1997
In 1996, 49 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico reported 7,124 cases of rabies in non-human animals and 4 cases in human beings to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nearly 92% (6,550 cases) were wild animals, whereas 8% (574 cases) were domestic species. The total number ...
Woodward D L - - 1997
During the period from 1994 to 1996, an increase in the number of laboratory-confirmed cases of human salmonellosis associated with exposure to exotic pets including iguanas, pet turtles, sugar gliders, and hedgehogs was observed in Canada. Pet turtle-associated salmonellosis was recognized as a serious public health problem in the 1960s ...
Jelinek G A - - 1997
The objective of this study was to review widow spider envenomation on a worldwide basis, with an emphasis on regional variability in management, particularly between the United States and Australia. Data sources were the Medline database (1966-1997) for English language references using as key words widow spider, latrodectism, and red ...
Joseph C A - - 1997
Two hundred and one cases of legionnaires' disease were reported to the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre in 1996. Twenty-four cases (12%) were known to have died. One hundred and one cases were associated with travel, either abroad or in the United Kingdom. Two cases acquired infection in hospital, the ...
Thiede H - - 1997
Health professionals in Washington State were surveyed in 1993 to assess acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) reporting knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Seventy-five percent responded. Two thirds of previous reporters were informed about the 1993 AIDS case definition and reporting requirements, but 32 percent had neglected to report. Forty-eight percent were concerned ...
Worrall B B - - 1997
Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) is a well-described entity that is believed to be caused by abnormal anatomy of the optic disc and to be precipitated by several stressors or disease states. Activated protein C resistance (APCR) is a recently described mutation of factor V (FV) gene that renders ...
Maslen M M - - 1997
From 1963 to 1995, twenty isolates of Trichophyton violaceum from cases of tinea capitis and tinea corporis were referred to the Mycology Reference Laboratory of the Microbiological Diagnostic Unit at the University of Melbourne (Parkville, Victoria, Australia). The patients had presented at clinics in metropolitan Melbourne and country towns in ...
- - 1997
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) program monitors laboratory-reported elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) among adults in the United States. Data for New Mexico, Rhode Island, and Wyoming are included for the first time in this report, increasing the number of ...
- - 1997
In 1996, five cases of human plague, of which two were fatal, were reported in the United States; both decedents had septicemic plague that was not diagnosed until after they died. This report summarizes the investigation of the two fatal cases and underscores the need for health-care providers in areas ...
Arnold P K - - 1997
Drivers and companies operating in the heavy road transport industry were surveyed about drivers' hours of work and perceptions of the causes and magnitude of fatigue as an industry problem. These drivers were operating in a state which, at the time of the survey, did not restrict driving hours for ...
Salazar-Schettino P M - - 1997
An epidemiological research project was performed in the State of Morelos including collection of samples for blood smears and culture, serological tests, and xenodiagnoses from a total of 76 domestic and peridomestic mammals. Two strains of Trypanosoma cruzi were isolated by haemocultures; one from a pig (Sus scrofa), the first ...
Vitek C R CR Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. - - 1997
To describe patterns among imported measles cases to the United States. Descriptive analysis of national case-based surveillance data on measles cases. United States in the period 1986 through 1994. All reported confirmed cases of measles. Demographic variables, immunization history, country of exposure, and reporting state. The number of reported imported ...
- - 1997
Since April 1997, CDC has received reports of outbreaks of cyclosporiasis in the United States and Canada (1,2). As of June 11, there have been 21 clusters of cases of cyclosporiasis reported from eight states (California, Florida, Maryland, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, Rhode Island, and Texas) and one province in ...
Madon M B - - 1997
Plague was confirmed in the United States from nine western states during 1995. Evidence of Yersinia pestis infection was identified in 28 species of wild or domestic mammals. Thirteen of the plague positive species were wild rodents; 15 were predators/carnivores. Yersinia pestis was isolated from eight species of fleas. Seven ...
Kerr S M - - 1997
PURPOSE: We determined the prevalence of requests for postmortem sperm procurement and the degree to which procurement is performed by those working in the field of infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Structured telephone interviews were conducted with personnel at 273 assisted reproductive facilities in the United States and Canada. The number ...
- - 1997
From 1979 through 1994, attacks by dogs resulted in 279 deaths of humans in the United States. Such attacks have prompted widespread review of existing local and state dangerous-dog laws, including proposals for adoption of breed-specific restrictions to prevent such episodes. To further characterize this problem and the involvement of ...
Herwaldt B L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes gastroenteritis. Until last year most of the documented cases of cyclosporiasis in North America were in overseas travelers. In 1996, a large outbreak of cyclosporiasis occurred in North America. We investigated this outbreak. METHODS: Health departments solicited information from clinicians and laboratories ...
- - 1997
In April and May 1997, CDC received reports of seven event-associated clusters of cases of cyclosporiasis from five states (California, Florida, Nevada, New York, and Texas). Approximately 80 cases of infection with human-associated Cyclospora, a recently characterized coccidian parasite have been laboratory-confirmed. State and local health departments, CDC, and the ...
- - 1997
During January-April 1997, state health departments reported three fatal cases of varicella (chickenpox) to CDC. All three cases occurred in young adult women who were unvaccinated and susceptible to varicella and who were infected by exposure to unvaccinated preschool-aged children with typical cases of varicella. This report summarizes these three ...
Brown C I - - 1997
New Hampshire and Vermont currently have two rabies epizootics occurring in raccoon and fox populations. These are continuations of the established raccoon strain which has been migrating northward from the mid-Atlantic and the fox strain which is migrating south and eastward from Canada and New York. These started in the ...
Ciofi Degli Atti Marta - - 1997
Between April and November 1996, a large outbreak of polio occurred in Albania, which had reported to be free of polio since 1985. Although Albania had not reported polio in that interval, the risk of introduction and circulation of wild poliovirus had in
Hurley M A - - 1997
Phaeohyphomycosis describes a heterogenous group of mycotic infections caused by pigmented fungi. Previously uncommon to the United States, the number of case reports in the American literature has steadily increased over the past two decades. This has been attributed to the ever increasing number of immunocompromised individuals as well as ...
- - 1997
Indigenous rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) have been targeted for elimination in the United States by the year 2000. Progress toward reaching this goal is monitored through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System and the National Congenital Rubella Syndrome Registry. From 1969 through 1989, the numbers of annual reported ...
- - 1997
Diphtheria is a potentially severe illness; among unvaccinated persons, the case-fatality rate may be 5%-10%, even with appropriate treatment. During 1990-1995, approximately 4000 deaths resulted from the ongoing diphtheria epidemic in the former Soviet Union. In the United States, respiratory diphtheria is rare: during 1980-1995, only 41 cases were reported. ...
Reidy J J - - 1997
Rhinosporidiosis is an unusual fungal disease that rarely affects the eye. It was first described as a pathogen in humans at the turn of the century. The etiologic agent, Rhinosporidium seeberi, commonly produces granulomatous inflammation of the upper respiratory mucosa. Most reported ocular infections have occurred in hot, dry climatic ...
Theakston E P - - 1997
AIMS: To update and summarise cases of transfusion-transmitted Yersinia enterocolitica infection in New Zealand and to evaluate critically suggested methods to reduce this rare but frequently fatal complication of blood transfusion. METHODS: Case reports of four recent transfusion-transmitted Y. enterocolitica infections in New Zealand are given and previous reports reviewed. ...
- - 1997
Since 1960, rabies has been reported more frequently in wild animals than in domestic animals in the United States. In 1995, wildlife rabies accounted for 92% of animal rabies cases reported to CDC; approximately 50% of these cases (3964 of 7881 total cases) were associated with raccoons. This report describes ...
Brieger W R - - 1997
Guinea-worm eradication has been progressing internationally and efforts at case containment have begun in most endemic countries. Case containment rests on the assumption that in previous phases of eradication most if not all endemic settlements have been identified. Experiences in the predominantly Yoruba communities of Ifeloju Local Government Area (LGA) ...
Childs J E - - 1997
Between 1985 and 1994, 368 cases of rabies in rodents (95% of reports) and lagomorphs (5%) were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia (USA), from 22 states. This was a 354% increase from the period 1971 to 1984. Most reports were cases of rabies in ...
Gras-Rouzet S - - 1996
Vibrio hollisae is a pathogenic Vibrio species known to cause gastroenteritis in humans after the consumption of shellfish. All cases of infection reported previously were restricted to the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States. A case of gastroenteritis and bacteremia in a previously healthy 76-year-old man who ate ...
Kleger B - - 1996
Between 1992 and 1995, there was a 14.5 percent decline in the number of TB cases reported annually in the United States and a 10.3 percent decline in Pennsylvania. The CDC credits improved laboratory methods to allow prompt identification of M. tuberculosis and the broader use of drug-susceptibility testing among ...
Graves T - - 1996
The authors report a case of trichinosis acquired in Oklahoma City by an immigrant from Southeast Asia. The 49-year-old female reported having abdominal discomfort, nausea, and vomiting, and had purchased and eaten lightly cooked pork. She also complained of fatigue, anorexia, and muscle aches for several months. An immigrant from ...
Ibáñez-Bernal S - - 1996
Human cases of tungiasis were recorded in Mexico until 1948. Here we report 3 new cases of infection by chigoe, Tunga penetrans (L.), with 2 from Hidalgo State and the 3rd, although acquired in Mexico City, was associated with the other 2 cases. This is the 1st record of this ...
Mendizabal J E - - 1996
The topic of transitory impairment of consciousness with spike wave bursts has been of interest to neurologists for years. Based on some early experiments, a 3-second rule was formulated and has found its way into the conventional wisdom of neurology. It states that, in order to result in impairment of ...
Sullivan E A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) has been associated with L-tryptophan (LT) use since 1989, but as yet no etiologic agent has been identified. We describe the non-L-tryptophan associated cases of EMS, and those patients with illness onset preceding the 1989 epidemic. METHODS: Review of all patients in the EMS national state ...
Caraballo A J - - 1996
An outbreak of 154 cases of vampire bat biting in a four-month period in the gold mine of Payapal, a Venezuelan village, is reported. All patients were bitten during the night and the most bites were on their toes. No complication attributed to the bite was reported. Diagnoses of rabies ...
Dutta J K - - 1996
Rabies is endemic in India in both wildlife and humans. Human rabies kills 25,000 to 30,000 persons every year. Several types of sexual manifestations including excessive libido may develop in cases of human rabies. A laboratory proven case of rabies in an Indian woman who manifested excessive libido is presented ...
Ku A - - 1996
We report the case of a 16-year-old right-handed Chinese/English bilingual patient who developed herpes simplex encephalitis involving the left temporal lobe, with resultant aphasia. His native language was Mandarin, but he had received extensive training in English for 6 years after moving to the United States and was fluent in ...
Galvin T J - - 1996
The Screwworm Eradication Program has been extremely successful in its efforts to achieve its goal of eradication of screwworms through Central America and establishment of a permanent biological barrier in the eastern half of Panama. Following eradication of screwworms from Mexico in 1991, eradication was achieved in Belize in 1992, ...
Rockett M S - - 1996
The authors present a case report of a subcutaneous phaeohypomycosis of the foot in an immuno-suppressed patient. The lesion was caused by Scytalidium dimidiatum, a dematiaceous fungus, which has only been reported to cause three previous similar lesions. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of this fungus ...
McCombs S B - - 1996
Health departments in all 53 reporting areas in the United States were asked to submit the case definition they used for tuberculosis surveillance. Sixteen areas used the 1990 case definition; two areas sent 1977 guidelines; and 34 areas sent other definitions. Case reports sent to the Centers for Disease Control ...
- - 1996
On June 26, 1995, the Division of Public Health, Georgia Department of Human Resources (GDPH), was notified of three cases of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection among residents of a community in north Georgia who had onsets of illness within a 24-hour period (onset during June 19-20); in comparison, during 1993-1994, ...
Tappero J W JW Childhood and Respiratory Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, - - 1996
On May 27, 1993, in response to the outbreak investigation of newly recognized Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in the Four Corners states (New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, and Colorado), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention established a national surveillance case definition for severe, unexplained respiratory disease to determine the extent ...
Giannandrea P F - - 1996
The most common causes of impairment among dentists are cognitive impairment, physical disability, chemical dependency, other addictions, and mental illness. The most frequently cited cause of impairment for dentists is chemical dependence. From 70% to 90% of the individuals reported to state rehabilitation committees are reported for chemical dependence. This ...
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