Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 852
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Herwaldt B L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes gastroenteritis. Until last year most of the documented cases of cyclosporiasis in North America were in overseas travelers. In 1996, a large outbreak of cyclosporiasis occurred in North America. We investigated this outbreak. METHODS: Health departments solicited information from clinicians and laboratories ...
- - 1997
In April and May 1997, CDC received reports of seven event-associated clusters of cases of cyclosporiasis from five states (California, Florida, Nevada, New York, and Texas). Approximately 80 cases of infection with human-associated Cyclospora, a recently characterized coccidian parasite have been laboratory-confirmed. State and local health departments, CDC, and the ...
- - 1997
During January-April 1997, state health departments reported three fatal cases of varicella (chickenpox) to CDC. All three cases occurred in young adult women who were unvaccinated and susceptible to varicella and who were infected by exposure to unvaccinated preschool-aged children with typical cases of varicella. This report summarizes these three ...
Brown C I - - 1997
New Hampshire and Vermont currently have two rabies epizootics occurring in raccoon and fox populations. These are continuations of the established raccoon strain which has been migrating northward from the mid-Atlantic and the fox strain which is migrating south and eastward from Canada and New York. These started in the ...
Ciofi Degli Atti Marta - - 1997
Between April and November 1996, a large outbreak of polio occurred in Albania, which had reported to be free of polio since 1985. Although Albania had not reported polio in that interval, the risk of introduction and circulation of wild poliovirus had in
Hurley M A - - 1997
Phaeohyphomycosis describes a heterogenous group of mycotic infections caused by pigmented fungi. Previously uncommon to the United States, the number of case reports in the American literature has steadily increased over the past two decades. This has been attributed to the ever increasing number of immunocompromised individuals as well as ...
- - 1997
Indigenous rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) have been targeted for elimination in the United States by the year 2000. Progress toward reaching this goal is monitored through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System and the National Congenital Rubella Syndrome Registry. From 1969 through 1989, the numbers of annual reported ...
- - 1997
Diphtheria is a potentially severe illness; among unvaccinated persons, the case-fatality rate may be 5%-10%, even with appropriate treatment. During 1990-1995, approximately 4000 deaths resulted from the ongoing diphtheria epidemic in the former Soviet Union. In the United States, respiratory diphtheria is rare: during 1980-1995, only 41 cases were reported. ...
Reidy J J - - 1997
Rhinosporidiosis is an unusual fungal disease that rarely affects the eye. It was first described as a pathogen in humans at the turn of the century. The etiologic agent, Rhinosporidium seeberi, commonly produces granulomatous inflammation of the upper respiratory mucosa. Most reported ocular infections have occurred in hot, dry climatic ...
Theakston E P - - 1997
AIMS: To update and summarise cases of transfusion-transmitted Yersinia enterocolitica infection in New Zealand and to evaluate critically suggested methods to reduce this rare but frequently fatal complication of blood transfusion. METHODS: Case reports of four recent transfusion-transmitted Y. enterocolitica infections in New Zealand are given and previous reports reviewed. ...
- - 1997
Since 1960, rabies has been reported more frequently in wild animals than in domestic animals in the United States. In 1995, wildlife rabies accounted for 92% of animal rabies cases reported to CDC; approximately 50% of these cases (3964 of 7881 total cases) were associated with raccoons. This report describes ...
Brieger W R - - 1997
Guinea-worm eradication has been progressing internationally and efforts at case containment have begun in most endemic countries. Case containment rests on the assumption that in previous phases of eradication most if not all endemic settlements have been identified. Experiences in the predominantly Yoruba communities of Ifeloju Local Government Area (LGA) ...
Childs J E - - 1997
Between 1985 and 1994, 368 cases of rabies in rodents (95% of reports) and lagomorphs (5%) were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia (USA), from 22 states. This was a 354% increase from the period 1971 to 1984. Most reports were cases of rabies in ...
Gras-Rouzet S - - 1996
Vibrio hollisae is a pathogenic Vibrio species known to cause gastroenteritis in humans after the consumption of shellfish. All cases of infection reported previously were restricted to the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States. A case of gastroenteritis and bacteremia in a previously healthy 76-year-old man who ate ...
Kleger B - - 1996
Between 1992 and 1995, there was a 14.5 percent decline in the number of TB cases reported annually in the United States and a 10.3 percent decline in Pennsylvania. The CDC credits improved laboratory methods to allow prompt identification of M. tuberculosis and the broader use of drug-susceptibility testing among ...
Graves T - - 1996
The authors report a case of trichinosis acquired in Oklahoma City by an immigrant from Southeast Asia. The 49-year-old female reported having abdominal discomfort, nausea, and vomiting, and had purchased and eaten lightly cooked pork. She also complained of fatigue, anorexia, and muscle aches for several months. An immigrant from ...
Ibáñez-Bernal S - - 1996
Human cases of tungiasis were recorded in Mexico until 1948. Here we report 3 new cases of infection by chigoe, Tunga penetrans (L.), with 2 from Hidalgo State and the 3rd, although acquired in Mexico City, was associated with the other 2 cases. This is the 1st record of this ...
Mendizabal J E - - 1996
The topic of transitory impairment of consciousness with spike wave bursts has been of interest to neurologists for years. Based on some early experiments, a 3-second rule was formulated and has found its way into the conventional wisdom of neurology. It states that, in order to result in impairment of ...
Sullivan E A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) has been associated with L-tryptophan (LT) use since 1989, but as yet no etiologic agent has been identified. We describe the non-L-tryptophan associated cases of EMS, and those patients with illness onset preceding the 1989 epidemic. METHODS: Review of all patients in the EMS national state ...
Caraballo A J - - 1996
An outbreak of 154 cases of vampire bat biting in a four-month period in the gold mine of Payapal, a Venezuelan village, is reported. All patients were bitten during the night and the most bites were on their toes. No complication attributed to the bite was reported. Diagnoses of rabies ...
Dutta J K - - 1996
Rabies is endemic in India in both wildlife and humans. Human rabies kills 25,000 to 30,000 persons every year. Several types of sexual manifestations including excessive libido may develop in cases of human rabies. A laboratory proven case of rabies in an Indian woman who manifested excessive libido is presented ...
Ku A - - 1996
We report the case of a 16-year-old right-handed Chinese/English bilingual patient who developed herpes simplex encephalitis involving the left temporal lobe, with resultant aphasia. His native language was Mandarin, but he had received extensive training in English for 6 years after moving to the United States and was fluent in ...
Galvin T J - - 1996
The Screwworm Eradication Program has been extremely successful in its efforts to achieve its goal of eradication of screwworms through Central America and establishment of a permanent biological barrier in the eastern half of Panama. Following eradication of screwworms from Mexico in 1991, eradication was achieved in Belize in 1992, ...
Rockett M S - - 1996
The authors present a case report of a subcutaneous phaeohypomycosis of the foot in an immuno-suppressed patient. The lesion was caused by Scytalidium dimidiatum, a dematiaceous fungus, which has only been reported to cause three previous similar lesions. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of this fungus ...
McCombs S B - - 1996
Health departments in all 53 reporting areas in the United States were asked to submit the case definition they used for tuberculosis surveillance. Sixteen areas used the 1990 case definition; two areas sent 1977 guidelines; and 34 areas sent other definitions. Case reports sent to the Centers for Disease Control ...
- - 1996
On June 26, 1995, the Division of Public Health, Georgia Department of Human Resources (GDPH), was notified of three cases of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection among residents of a community in north Georgia who had onsets of illness within a 24-hour period (onset during June 19-20); in comparison, during 1993-1994, ...
Tappero J W - - 1996
On May 27, 1993, in response to the outbreak investigation of newly recognized Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in the Four Corners states (New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, and Colorado), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention established a national surveillance case definition for severe, unexplained respiratory disease to determine the extent ...
Giannandrea P F - - 1996
The most common causes of impairment among dentists are cognitive impairment, physical disability, chemical dependency, other addictions, and mental illness. The most frequently cited cause of impairment for dentists is chemical dependence. From 70% to 90% of the individuals reported to state rehabilitation committees are reported for chemical dependence. This ...
Gaines J J JJ - - 1996
Three cases of rhinosporidiosis in Americans who had not traveled abroad are reported. We believe this is the largest cluster of indigenous cases reported in the United States. The three patients had lived in rural northeast Georgia all of their lives. One had a polypoid conjunctival lesion, and the two ...
Luttrell M P - - 1996
Between 1988 and 1994, 16 definitive and 26 presumptive cases of tick paralysis were diagnosed in 10 species of birds from five southeastern states in the USA. All birds had engorged adult female Ixodes brunneus ticks on the head region and were partially paralyzed or dead. Cases occurred in the ...
Borus P - - 1996
Since 1912 when rabies was first confirmed in Kenya, the disease has largely existed in varying degrees of occurrence. Spatial and temporal distribution of cases of animal rabies are well documented. Records of human cases have not been as detailed as the veterinary cases. The principal animal reservoir for rabies ...
Templeton S F - - 1996
The incidence of primary and secondary syphilis in the United States peaked in 1990, exceeding the number of reported cases since 1948. Uncommon manifestations of secondary syphilis seen more frequently in the preantibiotic era may be less well recognized today. One such manifestation is the condyloma latum, or split papule ...
Joseph C A - - 1995
One hundred and sixty cases of legionnaires' disease in England and Wales were reported to the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre in 1994, a rate of 3.1 cases per million population. Twenty-seven cases died. Eighty-nine cases (56%) were associated with travel, either in the United Kingdom (UK) or abroad, and ...
- - 1995
In February 1995, the New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) was notified of cases of salmonellosis in two persons who had eaten beef jerky. An investigation by the New Mexico Environment Department determined that these cases were associated with beef jerky processed at a local plant. An investigation by NMDOH ...
Ferson M J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To examine the accuracy of clinical diagnosis of measles and to develop an improved measles clinical case definition. DESIGN: Case survey. SETTING: Eastern Sydney, December 1990 to August 1993. SUBJECTS: All cases of measles notified to the Eastern Sydney Public Health Unit without or before serological confirmation. OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Bögel K - - 1995
Information on salmonella serovar, community, and date of isolation concerning 10,368 cases of S. enteritidis (SE) infection and 1163 cases of S. typhimurium (ST) infection reported in 1992 to the Salmonella Data Bank of the Land of Brandenburg have been analyzed for clusters and trends on case/time diagrams. A breakdown ...
Fink S - - 1995
We describe malpractice claims closed by plaintiff attorneys after initial medical expert (ME) review. This retrospective study includes 61 cases, of which 33 originated in hospitals, 18 in physicians' offices, and 10 in nursing homes. No claims were against state or federal agencies. The reviews were done between 1987 and ...
Herwaldt B L - - 1995
Babesiosis is emerging as an important tick-borne zoonosis in the United States. Most reported cases of this parasitic disease have been acquired in the Northeast. To date, only two clinical cases of Babesia microti infection acquired in the upper Midwest have been described. We report eight more cases. Most if ...
- - 1995
As of June 13, 1995, local and state health departments in 39 states had reported 958 measles cases to CDC for 1994. This represents the second lowest number of cases ever reported, after the historic low of 312 cases in 1993 (1). In addition, 303 cases were reported for the ...
Craft P P - - 1995
Blastomycosis is a fungal disease endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. This is a case report of a 29-year-old woman who presented with weight loss, fever, fatigue, and pneumonia. She developed disseminated blastomycosis, adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and ulcerative skin lesions, requiring mechanical ventilation, amphotericin B, and ...
Staudenmayer H - - 1995
Mediating processes can be inferred from self-report data only if it can be assumed that the patient has a valid capacity for introspection. That assumption is invalid when beliefs can be shown to influence sensory perception and symptom reports. Another serious limitation of self-reporting is that the individual has only ...
Quist C F - - 1995
Toxoplasmosis was diagnosed in a free-ranging wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) from West Virginia (USA) in June 1993. Gross findings included emaciation, splenomegaly, multifocal necrotizing hepatitis and splenitis, and crusting dermatitis on the head and neck. Histologically, multifocal necrosis with mononuclear inflammation was present in kidney, liver, spleen, heart, lungs, and ...
Ladds B - - 1995
As a result of the recent United States Supreme Court case of Riggins v. Nevada, lower courts are likely to review if, and under what conditions, pretrial criminal defendants may be treated involuntarily with antipsychotic medication. It may also be time to re-consider the similar use of electro-convulsive therapy (ECT), ...
- - 1995
During 1994, state, local, and territorial health departments reported to CDC 80,691 cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) among persons in the United States, which followed the 106,618 cases reported in 1993. The number of cases reported in each of these years was greater than that reported in 1992 (47,572) ...
Dietz V - - 1995
The Pan American Health Organization adopted as a goal the interruption of transmission of wild poliovirus from the americas by 1990. Collection and processing of stool specimens from patients with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) to identify wild poliovirus is critical for monitoring the success of the eradication programme. In the ...
Mak K H - - 1995
The incidence of anti-Gya is known to be extremely rare, and only a few examples have been reported in Japanese persons and in Caucasians. This case history reports the first example of anti-Gya detected in a Chinese person. The propositus is an 83-year-old male patient whose anti-Gya was revealed because ...
Linglöf T O - - 1995
Hepatitis B is more frequent in many countries in eastern Europe than in the western part. In Poland the incidence is as high as 34 notified cases per 100,000 inhabitants. In the Baltic states the incidence is between 10 and 20, and in Russia 23 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. In ...
Krebs J W - - 1994
In 1993, 49 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico reported 9,495 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals and 3 cases in human beings to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Greater than 93% (8,889 cases) were wild animals, whereas 6.4% (606 cases) were domestic species. The total ...
Freedman R J RJ - - 1994
Prompted by severe cardiogenic shock, impending or manifest, three cases from the United States Retroperfusion Clinical Trials utilized intraaortic balloon counterpulsation combined with retroperfusion. Temporary stabilization and improvement was noted in all three cases and long-term survival was seen in two of the cases. The clinical and physiologic bases for ...
Childs J E - - 1994
In 1993 New York and Texas each reported a human rabies case traced to a rare variant of rabies virus found in an uncommon species of bat. This study examined the epidemiology of bat rabies in New York State. Demographic, species, and animal-contact information for bats submitted for rabies testing ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >