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Results 501 - 550 of 852
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Meister J - - 1999
Babesiosis is an intraerythrocytic parasitic infection caused by protozoa of the genus Babesia and transmitted by the Ixodes dammini tick, which also transmits Lyme disease. Babesiosis is emerging as an illness of public health significance in the United States. Occurrences of Babesiosis infections have been reported during spring, summer, and ...
Williams L A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to define factors associated with the epidemic spread, elimination, and reintroduction of primary and secondary syphilis in King County, Washington, from 1987 through 1998. METHODS: Reports of primary and secondary syphilis in King County from 1987 through 1998 were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: During the epidemic ...
Kahan S E - - 1999
PURPOSE: Postmortem sperm procurement with subsequent artificial insemination has become a technically feasible method for posthumous conception. A variety of legal questions exist involving the rights and relationships of the deceased, his family and his issue. We addressed these questions and designed a workable protocol for postmortem sperm procurement. MATERIALS ...
- - 1999
At the beginning of the 20th century, infectious diseases were widely prevalent in the United States and exacted an enormous toll on the population. For example, in 1900, 21,064 smallpox cases were reported, and 894 patients died. In 1920, 469,924 measles cases were reported, and 7575 patients died; 147,991 diphtheria ...
Cunin P - - 1999
Between November 1997 and April 20, 1998, bloody diarrhea sickened 298 persons in Cameroon. Laboratory investigation of the epidemic (case-fatality rate, 16.4%) documented amoebiasis in one of three patients and three types of pathogens: multidrug-resistant Shigella dysenteriae type 1, S. boydii, and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. We report the first isolation ...
- - 1999
Since the 1988 World Health Assembly resolution to eradicate poliomyelitis by 2000, polio cases reported globally have decreased by approximately 85%. Despite a strong commitment to polio eradication, polio remains endemic in Pakistan. In 1997, Pakistan reported 1147 polio cases, representing widespread poliovirus circulation nationally and constituting 22% of cases ...
Herwaldt B L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: In the spring of 1996, an outbreak of cyclosporiasis associated with fresh Guatemalan raspberries occurred in the United States and Canada. Another multistate outbreak of cyclosporiasis occurred in North America in the spring of 1997. OBJECTIVE: To identify the vehicle of the outbreak that occurred in the spring of ...
Stewart M H - - 1999
Sore throat, earache, and sinusitis are common presenting complaints in the emergency department, and all fall within the top ten in the United States. These complaints usually have a benign course but rarely can be a symptom of a serious disease process. This article provides an evidence-based review of the ...
Goldammer, J.
Reports on early Warning for Natural Disaster Reduction:IDNDR early Warning Programme, 1 - 35
Nagai K - - 1999
An outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis infections occurred in Otaru, Japan, in September 1997. A total of 143 cases of salmonellosis were reported to the local Public Health Center. In this outbreak, one case had a 214-hr incubation period. We investigated 5 isolates including this case by phage typing and pulsed-field ...
Marlowe D B - - 1999
This paper reviews the law related to voluntary intoxication and criminal responsibility in the 50 United States, the District of Columbia, the US Virgin islands, and Puerto Rico. Statutory and case law citations are provided which govern the use of intoxication evidence in each jurisdiction to negate mens rea (i.e., ...
Hardie R M - - 1999
An outbreak of infectious diarrhea with 70 laboratory-confirmed cases (58 with Giardia lamblia) and 107 probable cases occurred in U.K. tourists who stayed in a hotel in Greece. After a cluster of six cases in persons who had stayed at the hotel was reported, the Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre began ...
Catalano G - - 1999
Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic medication that was approved for use in the United States in 1996. While it is a widely used medication in adults, there has been minimal investigation into its effect on children. We present the case of an 18-month-old boy who ingested 30-40 mg of olanzapine, ...
Ahn Y K - - 1998
Retrograde conduction of the concealed accessory pathway (AP) is a prerequisite for the induction of atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT). In patients with AVRT due to a concealed AP, the absence of retrograde conduction of the AP in the baseline state has rarely been reported. We report a case of AVRT ...
Sandor M K - - 1998
This article presents a case study involving a challenging client on a pediatric rehabilitation unit, describes his impact on an interdisciplinary team that had recently been formed from two units from different hospitals, and discusses the resulting need for a team-building intervention for the new unit. The context of the ...
Inan C - - 1998
The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses are among the most common forms of progressive neurodegenerative disease of childhood. They appear to be panethnic, but there is a special predilection of the infantile subtype in Finland. In the United States, the Batten disease registry of 731 cases shows that juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis ...
Dedman D - - 1998
Data from the national surveillance scheme for general outbreaks of intestinal disease, and the national laboratory reporting scheme were used to describe the epidemiology of small round structured virus (SRSV) infections in England and Wales. Between 1990 and 1995, there were 7492 laboratory reports of SRSV. Rates of reported illness ...
Link A M - - 1998
CONTEXT: Reviewers increasingly are asked to review manuscripts from outside their own country, but whether they are more likely to recommend acceptance of such manuscripts is not known. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether US reviewers or non-US reviewers evaluate manuscripts differently, depending on whether the manuscripts are submitted from outside the ...
Kunsman G W - - 1998
Methylephedrine is a sympathomimetic amine that appears in many over-the-counter cough and cold medications throughout the world. The abuse of methylephedrine-containing medications has been reported in Japan. Although methylephedrine is not available in the United States, it was identified in 15 cases received by the Forensic Toxicology Laboratory, Division of ...
Pattison J - - 1998
Since 1986, approximately 170,000 cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) have occurred among approximately one million animals infected by contaminated feed in the United Kingdom. A ruminant feed ban in 1988 resulted in the rapid decline of the epidemic. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies due to agents indistinguishable from BSE have appeared ...
Nico M M - - 1998
A 5-year-old girl had a unilateral rash on her right cheek. Histologic investigations showed aberrant pilosebaceous units and elastotic material in the papillary dermis. Unilateral folliculitis ulerythematosa reticulata (a variant of keratosis pilaris atrophicans) is strikingly rare, and its very early clinical and microscopic changes are demonstrated in this case ...
Yamashita P - - 1998
With the increasing numbers of immigrants coming to the United States from areas where Taeniasis and cysticercosis are endemic, it is important to be familiar with some of these more common entities. We present a patient with both neurologic and soft tissue cysticercosis as well as a review of the ...
Reynolds D L - - 1998
Recent reports of changes in the epidemiology of syphilis prompted a review of syphilis in our urban community. All records of positive syphilis serology reported to the City of Scarborough Health Department between 1990-94 were reviewed for key epidemiological variables. While infectious stages of syphilis were reported more often among ...
- - 1998
During April-May 1998, a total of 11 states reported an increase in cases of Salmonella serotype Agona infections; as of June 8, a total of 209 cases have been reported and at least 47 persons have been hospitalized, representing an eightfold increase over the median number of cases reported in ...
Amin J - - 1998
In early 1997, 69 cases of Ross River virus infection were reported in the north-western outskirts of Sydney. This represents a substantial increase over the maximum of 12 cases reported in any one year since 1991. The majority of cases (71%) are thought to have been locally acquired. This is ...
Keirans J E - - 1998
The first records of 3 ixodid tick species collected in the state of Maine are reported. A total of 23 records of the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L., 1758), in 11 counties from hosts with no history of travel outside the state demonstrates that this tick is now a ...
Hagan J C JC - - 1998
PURPOSE: To determine whether the use of the Alcon 20,000 Legacy phacoemulsification unit requires less phacoemulsification time and causes fewer intraoperative complications than the Alcon 10,000 Master unit. SETTING: Private practices in Kansas City, Missouri, and Marshalltown, Iowa, USA. METHODS: This prospective study comprised 400 consecutive cases of phacoemulsification with ...
Rocco I M - - 1998
Dengue outbreaks have occurred in several Brazilian States since 1986 involving serotypes 1 (DEN-1) and 2 (DEN-2). In view of the few cases of double infection documented in the literature, we report here a case of simultaneous infection with DEN-1 and DEN-2 in a patient residing in the municipality of ...
Bisgard K M - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiologic, laboratory, and clinical features of respiratory diphtheria cases reported in the United States during 1980 through 1995. METHODS: Respiratory diphtheria cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were reviewed. Cases were defined as physician-diagnosed cases with ...
Ratcliffe L - - 1998
Routine surveillance of syphilis of public health importance (infectious, congenital, and neurosyphilis) began in England and Wales in 1994, using reports from six PHLS laboratories that undertook serological and other reference work. One hundred and thirty-one cases were reported in the first two years, including 100 cases of infectious syphilis, ...
Al-Moamary M A - - 1998
Mycobacterium malmoense was first described in northern Europe and the United Kingdom in 1977. Since then, reports have appeared with increasing frequency. Cases have, however, rarely been reported from the United States, and, until now, none have been reported in Canada. This may reflect either true low prevalence of the ...
Fitzgerald D W - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: A study was conducted to determine the prevalence and health consequences of syphilis and to evaluate existing control measures in a Haitian rural district of 200,000 people served by 12 community dispensaries and Hospital Albert Schweitzer. METHODS: Syphilis seroprevalence among consecutive women receiving antenatal services was assessed using rapid ...
Deodhar N S - - 1998
Judging by WHO criteria, there was not a single case in India in 1994 that could be taken as a confirmed case of plague. Both clinical and epidemiological features of the illness alleged to be plague were not at all compatible with those of plague-both bubonic and pneumonic types. The ...
Nakatani Y - - 1998
The present paper reports 2 cases of methamphetamine abuse. Following consecutive methamphetamine administration, the patients developed acute intoxication, during which time they showed a unique type of disturbance of consciousness: delirium and twilight state. In both cases, mental status changed, passing through three distinct stages: restlessness and insomnia, hallucinatory paranoid ...
Krebs J W - - 1997
In 1996, 49 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico reported 7,124 cases of rabies in non-human animals and 4 cases in human beings to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nearly 92% (6,550 cases) were wild animals, whereas 8% (574 cases) were domestic species. The total number ...
Woodward D L - - 1997
During the period from 1994 to 1996, an increase in the number of laboratory-confirmed cases of human salmonellosis associated with exposure to exotic pets including iguanas, pet turtles, sugar gliders, and hedgehogs was observed in Canada. Pet turtle-associated salmonellosis was recognized as a serious public health problem in the 1960s ...
Jelinek G A - - 1997
The objective of this study was to review widow spider envenomation on a worldwide basis, with an emphasis on regional variability in management, particularly between the United States and Australia. Data sources were the Medline database (1966-1997) for English language references using as key words widow spider, latrodectism, and red ...
Joseph C A - - 1997
Two hundred and one cases of legionnaires' disease were reported to the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre in 1996. Twenty-four cases (12%) were known to have died. One hundred and one cases were associated with travel, either abroad or in the United Kingdom. Two cases acquired infection in hospital, the ...
Thiede H - - 1997
Health professionals in Washington State were surveyed in 1993 to assess acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) reporting knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Seventy-five percent responded. Two thirds of previous reporters were informed about the 1993 AIDS case definition and reporting requirements, but 32 percent had neglected to report. Forty-eight percent were concerned ...
Worrall B B - - 1997
Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) is a well-described entity that is believed to be caused by abnormal anatomy of the optic disc and to be precipitated by several stressors or disease states. Activated protein C resistance (APCR) is a recently described mutation of factor V (FV) gene that renders ...
Maslen M M - - 1997
From 1963 to 1995, twenty isolates of Trichophyton violaceum from cases of tinea capitis and tinea corporis were referred to the Mycology Reference Laboratory of the Microbiological Diagnostic Unit at the University of Melbourne (Parkville, Victoria, Australia). The patients had presented at clinics in metropolitan Melbourne and country towns in ...
- - 1997
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) program monitors laboratory-reported elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) among adults in the United States. Data for New Mexico, Rhode Island, and Wyoming are included for the first time in this report, increasing the number of ...
- - 1997
In 1996, five cases of human plague, of which two were fatal, were reported in the United States; both decedents had septicemic plague that was not diagnosed until after they died. This report summarizes the investigation of the two fatal cases and underscores the need for health-care providers in areas ...
Arnold P K - - 1997
Drivers and companies operating in the heavy road transport industry were surveyed about drivers' hours of work and perceptions of the causes and magnitude of fatigue as an industry problem. These drivers were operating in a state which, at the time of the survey, did not restrict driving hours for ...
Salazar-Schettino P M - - 1997
An epidemiological research project was performed in the State of Morelos including collection of samples for blood smears and culture, serological tests, and xenodiagnoses from a total of 76 domestic and peridomestic mammals. Two strains of Trypanosoma cruzi were isolated by haemocultures; one from a pig (Sus scrofa), the first ...
Vitek C R - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To describe patterns among imported measles cases to the United States. DESIGN: Descriptive analysis of national case-based surveillance data on measles cases. SETTING: United States in the period 1986 through 1994. PATIENTS: All reported confirmed cases of measles. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic variables, immunization history, country of exposure, and ...
- - 1997
Since April 1997, CDC has received reports of outbreaks of cyclosporiasis in the United States and Canada (1,2). As of June 11, there have been 21 clusters of cases of cyclosporiasis reported from eight states (California, Florida, Maryland, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, Rhode Island, and Texas) and one province in ...
Madon M B - - 1997
Plague was confirmed in the United States from nine western states during 1995. Evidence of Yersinia pestis infection was identified in 28 species of wild or domestic mammals. Thirteen of the plague positive species were wild rodents; 15 were predators/carnivores. Yersinia pestis was isolated from eight species of fleas. Seven ...
Kerr S M - - 1997
PURPOSE: We determined the prevalence of requests for postmortem sperm procurement and the degree to which procurement is performed by those working in the field of infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Structured telephone interviews were conducted with personnel at 273 assisted reproductive facilities in the United States and Canada. The number ...
- - 1997
From 1979 through 1994, attacks by dogs resulted in 279 deaths of humans in the United States. Such attacks have prompted widespread review of existing local and state dangerous-dog laws, including proposals for adoption of breed-specific restrictions to prevent such episodes. To further characterize this problem and the involvement of ...
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