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Valdir Q Balbino
Lutzomyia umbratilis, a known vector of Leishmania guyanensis in the north of Amazon basin, has been exclusively found in the Amazonian region. Here we report for the first time the occurrence of this species in northeastern Brazil. The epidemiological importance of the occurrence of this species in the Atlantic Forest ...
Reaney E A - - 2001
An outbreak of mumps occurred in the Mid-Ulster area of Northern Ireland between 1st November 1999 and 31st August 2000, with 729 cases notified. Salivary test results were obtained for 430 (59%) reported cases, of which 332 (77%) were positive for mumps IgM antibody. Three hundred and sixteen (95.2%) of ...
- - 2001
CDC and state and local public health authorities continue to investigate cases of bioterrorism-related anthrax. As of November 7, a total of 22 cases of anthrax have been identified according to the CDC surveillance case definition; 10 were confirmed inhalational anthrax cases and 12 cases (seven confirmed and five suspected) ...
- - 2001
Since October 3, 2001, CDC and state and local public health authorities have been investigating cases of bioterrorism-related anthrax. This report updates findings as of October 31, and includes interim guidelines for the clinical evaluation of persons with possible anthrax. A total of 21 cases (16 confirmed and five suspected) ...
Rich J D - - 2001
Syphilis remains a significant problem in the United States. The prison environment is an ideal location to identify and treat syphilis. We undertook this study to describe the correlates and risk factors for syphilis among incarcerated women in Rhode Island. The study design was a review of all cases of ...
Battle S E - - 2001
Blastomycosis is a fungal infection acquired via inhalation of Blastomyces dermatitidis. The majority of cases occur in central, southeastern, and mid-Atlantic areas of the United States. We report the case of a 42-year-old veteran infected with the human immunodeficiency virus who presented in E1 Paso, Texas, with a dry cough, ...
- - 2001
Shigella sonnei causes approximately 10,000 cases of gastroenteritis each year in the United States. These infections occur predominately among young children and usually are associated with poor hygienic conditions in child-care settings. Outbreaks of shigellosis among men who have sex with men (MSM) have occurred because of direct or indirect ...
Katz A R - - 2001
Leptospirosis is frequently misdiagnosed as a result of its protean and nonspecific presentation. Leptospirosis, a zoonosis with global distribution, commonly occurs in tropical and subtropical regions; most reported cases in the United States occur in Hawaii. All laboratory-confirmed leptospirosis cases in the State of Hawaii from 1974 through 1998 (n=353) ...
Al-Dhahry S H - - 2001
In the past decade, the Sultanate of Oman has experienced three outbreaks of paralytic poliomyelitis--a widespread polio type 1 epidemic in 1988/1989, four cases of polio type 3 in three different regions in 1991, and a localized type 1 outbreak in 1993. The lessons learnt from each of these epidemics ...
Othmar Breuss
The lecideoid lichen Helocarpon lesdainii (Zahlbr.) Breuss, comb. nova is reported new to the United States from coastal forests of Oregon. Originally described as Lecidea lesdainii Zahlbr. from the Canary Islands, the species seems to be locally abundant in the Pacific Northwest.
Carey F M - - 2001
Schistosomiasis is the most serious helminthic infection in the United Kingdom. Female genital schistosomiasis affects 9-13 million women worldwide, mainly in areas where Schistosoma haematobium is endemic. With increasing tourism to these areas, this diagnosis is being encountered more frequently in the West. We present 2 cases of vulval schistosomiasis ...
Harrison T C - - 2001
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD/C) is one cause of death in young adults in the United States, representing approximately 17% of all ARVD/C cases reported. This study presents 2 cases of ARVD/C diagnosed at a central Texas hospital and reviews the literature regarding this disease. The diagnosis, histology, presentation, prognosis, ...
- - 2001
In June 2000, seven cases of tularemia were reported to the Oklahoma State Department of Health (OSDH) over an 18-day period. Enhanced tularemia surveillance by OSDH during July-September 2000 detected four additional cases. During 1995-1999, an average of six cases were reported each year. This report summarizes clinical and epidemiologic ...
Wolfe M I - - 2001
After syphilis outbreaks were reported at 3 Alabama State men's prisons in early 1999, we conducted an investigation to evaluate risk factors for syphilis infection and describe patterns of syphilis transmission. We reviewed medical, patient interview, and prison transfer records and documented sexual networks. Presumptive source cases were identified. Odds ...
Lawrence G - - 2001
We aimed to determine whether the Victorian measles surveillance system had missed hospitalised cases of measles during an inter-epidemic period. We searched the Victorian Inpatient Minimum Dataset (VIMD) for the period 1 January 1997 to 30 June 1998 to identify patients with ICD-9 discharge codes for measles (055). The data ...
Schneir A B - - 2001
We describe a case of withdrawal from the gamma hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) precursors gamma butyrolactone and 1,4-butanediol. Symptoms included visual hallucinations, tachycardia, tremor, nystagmus, and diaphoresis. Administration of benzodiazepines and phenobarbital successfully treated the withdrawal symptoms. As predicted from the metabolism of gamma butyrolactone and 1,4-butanediol to GHB, the symptoms ...
Murgue B - - 2001
On September 6, 2000, two cases of equine encephalitis caused by West Nile (WN) virus were reported in southern France (Hérault Province), near Camargue National Park, where a WN outbreak occurred in 1962. Through November 30, 76 cases were laboratory confirmed among 131 equines with neurologic disorders. The last confirmed ...
Luke M. Jacobus
A total of 173 species of mayflies, representing 15 families and 45 genera, are reported from the state of New York. First state records for 43 species and 891 new county reports for 129 species are included. Previously published reports are summarized, and pertinent remarks on species are annotated. The ...
Fox K K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Gonorrhea cases among men who have sex with men (MSM) declined in the early years of the HIV epidemic. We evaluated more recent trends in gonorrhea among MSM through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project. METHODS: Isolates and case information were collected from 29 ...
Nadgir S - - 2001
Human dirofilariasis caused by Dirofilaria repens, have been reported to occur widely throughout Asia, Europe and Africa. Reports of this infection from India are however limited. Herein we report a case of subconjunctival dirofilariasis from Karnataka state of India. A 42 year old man presented with a history of pain ...
Cowden J M - - 2001
On Friday, 22 November 1996, the microbiologist at a hospital in Lanarkshire, Scotland, identified presumptive Escherichia coli O157 in faecal specimens submitted by three patients with bloody diarrhoea, and confirmed its presence in one. Over the next 6 h, 12 more potential cases were identified. Investigations first indicated then confirmed ...
Mylonakis E - - 2001
In the past decade, cases of babesiosis in humans have been reported with increasing frequency, especially in the northeastern United States. Babesia microti (in the United States) and bovine strains (in Europe) cause most infections in humans. Most cases are tick-borne, although cases of transfusion-associated and transplacental/perinatal transmission have also ...
Kruse J A - - 2001
In 1995, the oral antihyperglycemic agent, metformin, was introduced in the United States for treating diabetes mellitus. Rare cases of metformin-associated lactic acidosis caused by the accumulation of the drug in patients with renal dysfunction have been described, although a detailed time course of the resulting metabolic derangements has not ...
Rosen T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Condylomata lata of the toe webs are uncommon manifestations of secondary syphilis. Considering the recent decline in the incidence of syphilis in the United States, such lesions are likely to present infrequently. In some cases, this phenomenon may be the only physical sign of syphilis; therefore, it is important ...
- - 2001
In October 1999, CDC, in collaboration with other federal partners, launched the National Plan to Eliminate Syphilis in the United States. In 1998, Congress initiated funding for the syphilis elimination effort. Syphilis elimination is defined as the absence of sustained transmission (i.e., no transmission after 90 days of the report ...
Andrews R - - 2001
An outbreak of laboratory confirmed measles involving 30 young adults and an infant is reported. Of the young adult cases, 17 (57%) were hospitalised. After a trip to India, the primary case returned to Sydney early in January 2001 and then visited Melbourne infecting several individuals. Secondary spread appears to ...
Grier B B a clinical psychology , the University of Vermont , Vermont , - - 2001
ABSTRACT Barbara Grier's enjoyment of and commitment to lesbian literature have been guiding forces in her life. While working non-professional jobs for little pay, she managed to find money to buy the books she loved. Her enthusiasm led her to devote considerable time and energy to The Ladder while simultaneously ...
Takahashi Y - - 2000
The epidemiology of trichinellosis, species of Trichinella present and the food and eating habits of people affected in Asia and the Pacific Rim are reviewed with emphasis on Japan, China and Thailand. Trichinella seems to be prevalent throughout this region although outbreaks of trichinellosis have not been reported in some ...
Lambert S B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To describe an outbreak of measles in Victoria. DESIGN: Case series with cases identified through enhanced passive surveillance and outbreak-related active surveillance. SETTING: State of Victoria, 1999. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of cases; epidemiological links and patterns of transmission; patient demographic features and vaccination status; complications. RESULTS: 75 cases ...
- - 2000
In 1994, countries in the Region of the Americas set a goal of interrupting indigenous measles transmission by the end of 2000. From 1990 to 1996, measles cases declined from approximately 250,000 to an all-time low of 2109 confirmed cases. However, a resurgence began in 1997, with 52,284 confirmed cases ...
Riedner G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Since the early 1990s, major syphilis epidemics have occurred in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union. The new and rapidly changing societal and economic conditions in these countries challenge their traditional approaches to the control of sexually transmitted infections (STI). Nevertheless, following a steady increase ...
Gunn R A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed a strategy designed to contain imported cases of syphilis and prevent reestablishment of ongoing transmission. METHODS: Reported syphilis cases during an endemic period (1990-1992) and an elimination period (1997-1998) were compared in San Diego, Calif. The elimination strategy, which focuses on rapid reporting of infectious syphilis ...
Sinha A - - 2000
Juvenile angiofibroma is a rare, highly vascular, histologically benign but locally invasive tumor, affecting predominantly male adolescents. Here we present a case series of 45 patients of nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, their clinical presentation, staging and the various surgical approaches for their excision.
Rosen T - - 2000
The African pygmy hedgehog has recently become a fashionable exotic pet in the United States, particularly in the South. As illustrated by the three cases reported, this mammalian insectivore can be a carrier of fungi that cause human dermatomycoses. The African pygmy hedgehog has also been associated with contact urticaria ...
Reschly M J - - 2000
Imported fire ant sting reactions are becoming an increasing problem in the United States. It is important for clinicians to be familiar with their possible cutaneous and noncutaneous presentations. We present 3 cases with multiple fire ant stings, followed by a review of the literature.
Furness B W - - 2000
Giardia intestinalis, the organism that causes the gastrointestinal illness giardiasis, is the most commonly diagnosed intestinal parasite in public health laboratories in the United States. In 1992, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists assigned giardiasis an event code that enabled states to begin voluntarily reporting surveillance data on giardiasis ...
Yaszay B - - 2000
More than 95% of people in the United States are infected with the varicella zoster virus at some time in life, and this infection usually is manifested as chicken pox during childhood. The virus then establishes a latent infection of sensory ganglia, from which it may reactivate many years later ...
Sherman R A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic characteristics of human myiasis in the United States remain undefined. OBJECTIVE: To describe the most common clinical conditions associated with human myiasis and the causative maggot species. METHODS: Multicenter, prospective observational study of urban and suburban patients who were infested with maggots. RESULTS: Forty-two cases of US-acquired ...
Burnett B - - 2000
A news item in the newspaper, the Evening Star, for the Country, October 18, 1833, probably is the first report of a mail bomb in the United States. It is also likely to be the first defusing of a mail bomb. The device appeared to be extraordinarily sophisticated and would ...
Licón Luna R M - - 2000
An outbreak of myxomatosis occurred between September and October 1993 on a rabbit farm in Punta Colnett (Ensenada, Baja California in northwestern Mexico, Transpeninsular Highway, km 128) and was confirmed by the Mexico-USA Commission for Prevention of Foreign Diseases of Animals (CPA). This represents the first officially confirmed case of ...
Dietz V J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Infection with Cryptosporidium parvum generally causes a self-limiting diarrheal illness. Symptoms can, however, last for weeks and can be severe, especially in immunocompromised individuals. In 1994, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) recommended that cryptosporidiosis be a nationally notifiable disease. Forty-seven states have made infection with C. ...
Golaz A A National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, - - 2000
Respiratory diphtheria was one of the most common causes of death among children in the pre-vaccine era. Since the introduction of diphtheria toxoid vaccine in 1920s, and its widespread use by the late 1940s, diphtheria became increasingly rare in the United States. However, through the 1970s diphtheria remained endemic in ...
- - 2000
Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections are a major cause of pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy in women and facilitate the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (1). To characterize the epidemiology of gonorrhea in the United States, CDC examined national surveillance data on gonorrhea cases reported to CDC through state health ...
Gage K L - - 2000
Exposure to cats infected with Yersinia pestis is a recently recognized risk for human plague in the US. Twenty-three cases of cat-associated human plague (5 of which were fatal) occurred in 8 western states from 1977 through 1998, which represent 7.7% of the total 297 cases reported in that period. ...
Young J C - - 2000
In 1993 Sin Nombre virus was recognized as the cause of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) was identified as the reservoir host. Surveillance by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state health departments includes investigation to determine the likely site(s) and activities that ...
Allen C J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine general practitioners' knowledge and practices concerning reporting of notifiable conditions, and to examine barriers to notification of infectious diseases by general practitioners and identify strategies for improving the notification process. DESIGN AND SETTING: Audit of the 100 most recent notifications received by the South Eastern Sydney Public ...
Olsen S J - - 2000
Since 1973, CDC has maintained a collaborative surveillance program for collection and periodic reporting of data on the occurrence and causes of foodborne-disease outbreaks (FBDOs) in the United States. This summary reviews data from January 1993 through December 1997. The Foodborne-Disease Outbreak Surveillance System reviews data concerning FBDOs, defined as ...
Ferson M - - 2000
A number of recent reports from the Northern Hemisphere have drawn attention to the occurrence of summer outbreaks (May to August) of influenza A among cruise ship passengers and their contacts. In cases amongst passengers returning to Canada from Alaska, exposure appears to have occurred during the land-based Alaskan tour ...
Darsie R F RF - - 2000
In order to elucidate the recent spread of mosquito species in the United States and Canada, a summary of new records for states and provinces has been prepared to include those reported mostly from 1981 to 1998, although some records before 1989 are also given. We are reporting 132 new ...
Manuel D - - 2000
A large foodborne outbreak of cyclosporiasis occurred in North America in 1996. An index cluster of cases associated with a catered event on May 11, 1996, in Ontario sparked the recognition of this outbreak in Canada. To describe the Ontario experience with the North American outbreak of cyclosporiasis in 1996. ...
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