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Results 401 - 450 of 595
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Speelman Johannes D - - 2002
The role of the motor thalamus as surgical target in stereotactic neurosurgery for different kinds of tremor is discussed. For tremor in Parkinson's disease, the subthalamic nucleus becomes more and more often the surgical target, because this target also gives relief of other and more incapacitating symptoms (hypokinesia, rigidity). Stimulation ...
Anupam Mishra - - 2002
Mandibular osteochondromas, although rare, predominantly involve the condyloid and coronoid processes. An extremely rare case arising from the inner aspect of the gonion is reported here. Only one such case has been reported in the literature so far. Despite being very slow growing and having a benign course, histopathological examination ...
Rajagopal Ambil - - 2002
Gossypiboma (from Latin gossipium cotton and Kiswahili boma place of concealment) or retained surgical sponge is a ubiquitous medical error that is avoidable. It can cause serious morbidity and possibly even mortality. Because it is not anticipated, it is frequently misdiagnosed, and often-unnecessary radical surgical procedures are performed. It should ...
Ceydeli Adil - - 2002
We present a case of post-operative pneumoperitoneum (PP), which persisted for eight weeks. Postoperative retained air is the most common cause of PP. It does not require a surgical intervention and thus is defined as a 'non-surgical PP'. The etiological factors contributing to the duration of the postoperative PP are ...
Moloney D M - - 2001
Lentigo maligna has the potential for malignant change, and is managed in many cases by wide local excision. However, there are clinical situations in which aggressive surgical management is inappropriate or unsuccessful. We present three such cases, in which a more conservative surgical approach was adopted and maintained over several ...
McCarville M B - - 2001
The technique of inversion-ligation appendectomy is used by some surgeons to eliminate the risk of peritoneal contamination as the result of incidental appendectomy during an otherwise clean surgical procedure. In most cases, the intussuscepted appendix necroses and sloughs into the cecum after several days. We present the first report of ...
Puri P - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report a case of necrotising fasciitis which was managed successfully with timely intervention. CASE REPORT: A 77-year-old lady diagnosed as having narcotizing fasciitis of the orbit based on the clinical picture and microbiology report is presented. Early recognition of the condition followed by timely surgical intervention in the ...
Young W F - - 2001
Spondylotic changes in the thoracic spine resulting in a myelopathic syndrome is a rare condition. Surgical treatment consists of removal of the hypertrophied ligaments, facet joints and laminae (laminectomy). In this report, we review our experience in treating 12 cases of thoracic spinal stenosis (TSS). From 1989-1998, we identified 12 ...
Langan J - - 2001
A 10-day-old female southern white rhinoceros calf (Ceratotherium simum simum) was diagnosed with a patent urachus after urine was observed dribbling from the umbilicus. After being separated from its mother, the animal was sedated with i.m. butorphanol and anesthetized with isoflurane in oxygen for surgical correction of the patent urachus. ...
Di Cataldo A - - 2001
The authors report two pediatric cases of transient mutism that occurred after surgical removal of a medulloblastoma and a pilocytic astrocytoma of the vermis and discuss the pathophysiology of this syndrome. Transient mutism has been described for the first time quite recently, even in cases where these tumors were also ...
O'Driscoll D - - 2001
AIM: To retrospectively review the surgical histological findings in all cases where lobular carcinoma in situ(LCIS) was identified on percutaneous core biopsy (CB) performed as part of the Cambridge and Huntingdon breast screening programme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all the core biopsies performed in our department for screen ...
Segalman K A - - 2001
The thumb, which is normally located on the radial border of the hand, requires adequate sensibility to perceive its environment and adequate mobility to oppose to the other digits. We present a case in which the most ulnar digit of the hand was surgically augmented to function as a thumb.
Pau H - - 2001
Puberphonia is predominantly a male condition which, normally affecting teenagers, may present in later life. It is defined as the failure to change from the high-pitched voice of the pre-adolescence to the lower pitched voice of adulthood. Patient previously reported have responded to voice therapy alone. We report the first ...
Andiran F - - 2001
It is generally agreed that neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and pneumoperitoneum should be treated surgically. We report herein the case of a 3-day-old male newborn with NEC in whom a pneumoperitoneum subsequently developed without any cause found at laparotomy. This case is presented to discuss the nonsurgical management of ...
Netscher D T - - 2001
Infantile myofibromatosis, both solitary and multicentric types, is discussed with emphasis on the importance of diagnosing this condition correctly. Its distinctive clinical and histological characteristics are described, as are the hazards of overhasty and overly ambitious surgical intervention. Other similarly presenting fibromatous diseases of infancy and childhood are discussed, including ...
Avolio L - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Abdominoscrotal hydrocele (ASH) is an apparently highly uncommon clinical entity especially in childhood, with only about 80 pediatric cases reported in the modern literature. METHODS: The incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of ASH are discussed with reference to 9 cases observed at our institution and to cases in the literature. ...
Jordan D R - - 2000
Microblepharon is a rare congenital anomaly manifested by a vertical shortening of the eyelids. We describe the clinical presentation and surgical outcome of a patient with trisomy 21 and microblepharon. Microblepharon occurs in varying degrees and must be distinguished from ablepharon and cryptophthalmos. A variety of surgical options are available ...
Alam M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Commonly used treatments for pyoderma gangrenosum are medical, with immunosuppressive agents employed most often. OBJECTIVE: To report a case and discuss the indications for radical surgical treatment of pyoderma gangrenosum. METHODS: Analysis of a case of Crohn's disease-associated pyoderma gangrenosum treated with immunosuppression followed by amputation, and a review ...
Nozaki K - - 2000
This study retrospectively analysed treatment modalities and outcomes in 63 cases of high grade cerebral arteriovenous malformations (Spetzler-Martin's classification grade IV 51, V 12) who were admitted to this institute between January 1986 and April 1998. Twenty-seven of 37 cases with haemorrhagic onset received surgical resection with or without pre-operative ...
Wright J M - - 2000
Posterior shoulder instability is an uncommon clinical entity. It is even more rare in the pediatric population. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy who experienced recurrent posttraumatic posterior shoulder instability that eventually required surgical intervention. A review of the literature revealed no previous report of surgical management of ...
Lombardi C M - - 2000
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare but potentially fatal disease which is often confused with cellulitis. By examining the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, treatment, and a representative case study, this article proposes to lend a broader perspective to this infection. Emphasis is placed on the necessity of surgical debridement in combination with ...
Sidebottom A J - - 2000
A case of nasopharyngeal glioma is presented in which the postnatal scans clearly show intracranial communication, whilst subsequent scans and surgical exploration could not demonstrate this finding. This case seems to confirm that the aetiology of these lesions is due to an encephalocele that subsequently loses its connection with the ...
Chen C M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Acetabular fracture is a controversial and difficult fracture to manage. We retrospectively evaluated the outcome of the traditional management of acetabular fractures. METHODS: From 1987 to 1996, 112 cases of acetabular fracture presented at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital and were managed surgically in 73 cases and nonsurgically in ...
Zheng Y - - 2000
We describe a case of salmonella infection of a left ventricular aneurysm with a mural thrombus and review 12 cases described in the literature. This entity should be looked for in any patient with persistent or relapsing salmonella bacteremia in whom an intracardiac thrombus is demonstrated. Nuclear imaging may help ...
Yamamoto S - - 2000
The histologic types of lung cancer cases diagnosed in 1979-1980 (n=799) and 1987 (n=587) were independently reviewed by two pathologists in order to investigate the reproducibility of the diagnosis of the histologic type when the WHO classification (1981) was used. The specimens from 354 surgical cases and biopsy or cytology ...
Summers M - - 2000
We need to know if, as an overall approach to service delivery, case management is delivering on its promises of improving quality, decreasing costs, and increasing access to services. Attempts to do this are hindered by the very limited comparability currently possible between evaluations of case management programs. One cause ...
Stanton M P - - 2000
This article describes the implementation of a pilot case management program at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. I, it we discuss obvious pitfalls and problems implementing case management in a large multiservice center and the steps and processes implemented to expedite and move case management forward in its early stages. ...
Vayre F - - 1999
Gossypiboma, a term used to describe a mass within the body composed of a cotton matrix which usually refers to a retained surgical sponge, is a rare complication of cardiac surgery. We report one case revealed by the recurrence of the anginal symptoms after successful myocardial revascularisation surgery. The preoperative ...
Robinson J B - - 1999
We report the first case of vulvar porokeratosis that occurred in a 39-year-old woman with a 30-year history of vulvar pruritus and disfiguring vulvar lesions. Ultrasonic surgical aspiration resulted in resolution of her pruritus and excellent cosmesis. Light microscopy revealed characteristic cornoid lamellae and electron microscopy confirmed the diagnosis of ...
Sakai S - - 1999
Severe cases of inverted nipple usually cannot be corrected by a simple procedure, especially if the nipple cannot be pulled out above the areolar level by manipulation. We describe a new method for these cases and we classify the inverted nipple into 3 grades following the choice of their required ...
Gatti G M - - 1999
Patient. We report a 51-year-old male presenting with Grade III rhabdomyosarcoma.Discussion. A case of rhabdomyosarcoma which developed in proximity to a metal surgical implant is described. Few cases have been reported in the world in humans.The therapeutic approach to the disease is presented, together with a brief review of literature.
O'Broin E S - - 1999
The pathology, diagnosis and management of posterior plagiocephaly remains highly controversial. While the rationale for surgical management of true lambdoid synostosis is undisputed, opinions vary greatly on how to manage severe, unresolving, non-synostotic cases. We reviewed 39 cases of posterior plagiocephaly, 37 of which were treated conservatively. Of these, 34 ...
Slack C L - - 1999
The immunocompromised host is subject to a variety of opportunistic infections. Mycotic infections, including invasive fungal sinusitis, are a dreaded complication in immune deficient children. Fungal mastoiditis has rarely been described in this population. Our experience with 2 cases of fungal mastoiditis in immunocompromised children is reviewed. Case histories describing ...
Gurski R R - - 1998
Wandering spleen is seldom seen in everyday situations, and its prevalence is not well defined in the literature. Its causes are not precisely known, and there is controversy over its management. A 34-year-old woman experienced low-intensity abdominal pain associated with a palpable hypogastric mass, which was confirmed by imaging studies ...
Heitmann C - - 1998
Doxorubicin and epirubicin are strong antineoplastic agents widely used in chemotherapy. One major complication of their use is skin sloughing after subcutaneous extravasation, the degree of which is often underestimated. Both drugs have a tendency to produce liquefying necrosis in soft tissue and chronic ulcers if extravasation occurs. Three cases ...
Chen P K - - 1998
Osteochondroma is the most common benign tumor of the skeletal system. In the craniofacial skeleton, however, osteochondroma is uncommon. Even more rare is osteochondroma of the coronoid process. A review of the literature reveals only 31 reported cases of osteochondroma of the coronoid process of the mandible. The preponderance of ...
Shaw A D - - 1998
The case notes of children undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus were reviewed with particular emphasis on the anaesthetic management. All children were managed using one-lung ventilation with no serious adverse sequelae. The lungs could be isolated easily in all cases and no special equipment was required. ...
Koh J S - - 1998
Whilst prostatic enlargement remains the commonest cause of bilateral hydronephrosis in males greater than 50 years of age, other rarer conditions such as retroperitoneal fibrosis should be borne in mind. We report a case of bilateral hydronephrosis which was eventually diagnosed as idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis and treated with open surgical ...
Voelker J L - - 1998
Massive enlargement of an extracerebral cavernous malformation and extension across tissue planes is very uncommon. The authors present the case of a 49-year-old woman with a giant cavernous malformation in the left frontotemporal area. It progressively enlarged during several decades, extended through the calvaria to the extradural space, and was ...
Chu V F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Acute ascending aortic dissection is a surgical emergency that requires expeditious diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention. In many centers, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is the test of choice on which surgical decisions are based. Echocardiographic false-positive diagnoses are rare but can occur with potentially severe consequences. CASE REPORT: Two clinical ...
Ives J C JC Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY 14850, - - 1998
Musculoskeletal disorders are often suggested to be caused, in part, by poor postural behaviors that are associated with occupational demands. The inefficacy of conventional strategies to elicit postural correction has prompted many to seek alternative techniques such as the Feldenkrais Method®. The rapidly growing use of the Feldenkrais Method® by ...
Gürünlüo─člu R - - 1997
Keloid formation on the penis is exceptionally rare even though the penis is frequently subjected to surgical manipulations such as circumcision. Review of the literature revealed a few reports of patients with penile keloids. A 13-year-old Caucasian boy who had a pronounced penile keloid after circumcision and a 56-year-old Caucasian ...
Cecil M - - 1997
Pyomyositis, a pyogenic infection of skeletal muscle, is rarely reported in temperate climates. A case of pyomyositis within the paraspinal muscles of a 63-year-old man is reported, with details of diagnostic evaluation and medical and surgical treatment of the condition. Failure to recognize this clinical entity can lead to diagnostic ...
Mordenfeld A - - 1997
This report describes a life-threatening hemorrhage in the floor of a patient's mouth during routine implant placement in the anterior mandible. Airway obstruction caused by hematoma development resulted in acute nasotracheal intubation and subsequent surgical intervention. Surgical, radiographic, and anatomic considerations to prevent severe bleeding are discussed. An extraoral submental ...
Brennan D F - - 1997
A case of bilious vomiting in a 9-month-old male is reported. The differential diagnosis of infantile bilious vomiting is reviewed, and appropriate diagnostic studies are discussed. The child was found to have intussusception. The common manifestation of this pediatric surgical emergency may vary considerably from classic descriptions. Bilious emesis in ...
Hang L W - - 1997
Descending necrotizing mediastinitis is a rare but serious complication of oropharyngeal and deep neck infection which spreads down to the mediastinum via the cervical-facial planes. Its mortality rate remains high even with aggressive surgical drainage and appropriate antibiotics. Here, a case of descending necrotizing mediastinitis secondary to peritonsillar abscess is ...
Gignoux B - - 1997
Inflammatory pseudotumor is a rare, benign lesion of various organs and tissues that occurs in children and young adults. A case is reported in a 12-year-old boy in a retroperitoneal location with involvement of the left ureter and a thrombosis of left iliac vein. He underwent surgical resection. A local ...
Buckley R - - 1997
Mycobacterium fortuitum is a rapidly growing atypical mycobacterium frequently reported as a postsurgical wound complication from a major surgical procedure. We present a unique case of M. fortuitum infection occurring in a 4-year-old boy after a minor punch biopsy surgical procedure. As far as we know there has been no ...
Balter-Seri J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Recurrent medulloblastoma has long been considered universally fatal. In spite of attempts to improve its treatment, only rarely have long term survivors been documented in the world's medical literature. Although the treatment of primary medulloblastoma is well established and includes surgical excision, postsurgical irradiation, and, more recently, chemotherapy, there ...
Fliegner J R - - 1997
Vulval varicosities and hypertrophic labia minora are 2 conditions that receive relatively little attention in the literature. However, they may cause especially bothersome discomfort in some women. Appropriate surgical treatment is eminently successful if certain guidelines and attention to detail are followed. The treatment of both conditions is described based ...
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