Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 612
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Mott Ryan T - - 2010
Angiocentric glioma (AG) is a rare central nervous system (CNS) neoplasm that was only recently recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO). AG occurs in a broad age range, shows no gender predilection, and arises superficially in the cerebrum, usually resulting in medically intractable seizures. Most cases are cured by ...
Weaver E - - 2010
Descending necrotising mediastinitis is a rare and serious infection with a high mortality rate, which complicates pharyngeal or odontogenic infection. Early recognition and treatment are essential in order to minimise morbidity. Evaluation with computed tomography is necessary to confirm the diagnosis and facilitate surgical planning. In addition to prompt empirical ...
Cataltepe Oguz - - 2010
Diffuse villous hyperplasia of the choroid plexus (DVHCP) is a very rare cause of hydrocephalus in children. Only 12 cases of DVHCP have been reported in the literature. In this report the authors describe a new case of a patient with DVHCP who was diagnosed prenatally with hydrocephalus. In a ...
Palla L - - 2010
Labial fusion is defined as either partial or complete adherence of the labia minora (1), and also called vulvar fusion, adhesions of the labia minor or conglutination of the labia minora and sinechia of the vulva. The complete and severe labial fusion is a rare pathology with a small number ...
Agabegi Steven S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Isthmic spondylolisthesis is common in pediatric and adult patients. Most cases are asymptomatic. When symptomatic, nonsurgical treatment is an appropriate first step. Surgical treatment of this condition varies depending on patient age, degree of slip, presence of neurologic findings, and degree of deformity. PURPOSE: To review the literature on ...
Uluçay Tarik - - 2010
Data concerning the incidence of gossypiboma tend to fluctuate and is difficult to estimate because of a low reporting rate lest medico-legal implication. Gossypiboma is frequently located in the abdominal and pelvic cavities after gynecologic and upper abdominal surgical operations but can also follow thoracic, orthopedic, and urological and neurosurgical ...
Darr E Ashlie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the spectrum of disease presentation and clinical management of primary external auditory canal cholesteatoma (EACC). STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Specialty teaching hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ten cases of primary EACC were identified in nine patients treated over 14 years (1995-2009). Cases were reviewed ...
Engh Johnathan A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the current literature on the surgical management of cavernous malformations of the cerebellopontine angle in accordance with the experience at our institution. METHODS: A systematic literature review on cavernous malformations of the cerebellopontine angle yielded 14 case reports relevant to the disease. In addition, the authors include ...
Pellerin Megan - - 2010
The definition of a pre and postfixed brachial plexus is varied in the literature, which results in inconsistent conclusions for various studies. As anatomical variation is important both during clinical evaluation and surgical procedures of the brachial plexus, a review of this literature was performed. Based on our review, variation ...
Clifton R - - 2010
We have reviewed the literature to establish the role of lateral retinacular release in the management of disorders of the extensor apparatus of the knee. The scientific evidence for intervention is explored and reports on outcome are discussed.
Capobianco Claire M - - 2010
Charcot neuroarthropathy is a destructive and often-limb threatening process that can affect patients with peripheral neuropathy of any etiology. Early recognition and appropriate management is crucial to prevention of catastrophic outcomes. Delayed diagnosis and subsequent pedal collapse often preclude successful conservative management of these deformities and necessitate surgical intervention for ...
Bano Artan - - 2010
Quadratus femoris tear is an uncommon injury, which is only rarely reported in the literature. In the majority of cases the correct diagnosis is delayed due to non-specific symptoms and signs. A magnetic resonance imaging scan is crucial in the differential diagnosis since injuries to contiguous soft tissues may present ...
Gagliardi Gabrielle Gellman - - 2010
Melorheostosis is a rare disorder marked by increased bony sclerosis on radiographs. In addition to bone changes, the skin and soft tissues overlying affected bone often demonstrate increased fibrosis, which can create joint contracture. These can all affect surgical planning for a patient with melorheostosis. This article reviews the literature ...
Inoue Yoshihiro - - 2010
Heterotopic pancreatic cancer in the duodenum is a very rare disease. Only twelve cases have been reported worldwide to date. We report a rare case of malignant transformation of heterotopic pancreas (Heinrich type III) in the duodenum with long-term survival of the patient, and review the 12 cases in the ...
Fadhlaoui Anis - - 2010
Endometrial adenocarcinoma usually occurs after menopause, but in 2%-14% of cases, it occurs in young patients (less than 40 years of age) who are eager to preserve their fertility. Its treatment includes hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy, and, in some cases, radiation therapy. To describe a case of endometrial ...
Adeoti Caroline O - - 2010
To report a rare case of bilateral sporadic aniridia in an African child and review the management modalities. We report a case of bilateral sporadic aniridia with horizontal nystagmus, axial cataract optic disc, and fovea hypoplasia in a 5-year-old female patient. She was managed conservatively. Various modalities of treatment are ...
Thiyagu Rajakannan - - 2010
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are drug-related events which continue to pose serious challenges to the safety of patients. There are a number of ways to monitor ADEs, and the use of indictors to screen them provides an alternative method for detecting them. This method helps to assess the safety of ...
Kim Tae Heung - - 2009
We report a patient who developed pyoderma gangrenosum in the penis with invasion of the distal urethra. The patient was treated with prednisolone and thalidomide, followed by a reconstructive surgical repair using a scrotal island flap. We report this case with a brief review of the literature.
Lavallee Luke T - - 2009
Hemorrhage from an ileal conduit is a rare and potentially life threatening event with only 17 cases reported in the medical literature. We present the unique case of an 83-year-old patient with acute stomal hemorrhage as the first sign of underlying liver disease and portal hypertension. Bleeding was controlled with ...
Koenig Jonathan H - - 2009
Meniscal tears within the body of the meniscus or at the meniscocapsular junction represent a well-understood and manageable condition encountered in clinical practice. In comparison, however, meniscal root tears (MRTs) often go unnoticed and represent a unique injury pattern with unique biomechanical consequences. Though first described decades ago, improvements in ...
Meireles Borba A - - 2009
Childhood aneurysms are rare pathological findings. They present with a low incidence and have characteristic features. When occurred in the first year of life or when giant-sized, survival and recovery may be worst. Nevertheless outcomes are generally better than in adults. A surgical case of an eleven year old boy ...
Ogunsalu C - - 2009
Maxillary ameloblastoma is a rare histopathological entity. A total of six cases of histologically confirmed maxillary ameloblastoma from the West Indies is reviewed. Three of the cases were taken from a total of 47 histologically confirmed ameloblastoma over a 15-year period (1980-1995) from two major maxillofacial units in Jamaica. Two ...
Hass H J - - 2009
The present paper reports the unusual and rare case of a colon triplication associated with other findings never reported before, including the diagnostic and therapeutic management with consideration of the relevant, but rare scientific references in the medical literature. In the basic finding of an ileum atresia with laparoschisis, a ...
Baiocchi Glauco - - 2010
PURPOSE: Chylous ascites is an infrequent postoperative complication after retroperitoneal surgical procedure. Despite its infrequent occurrence, postoperative chylous ascites are associated with significant morbidity. Reports of chylous ascites or fistula after retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for gynecologic malignancies without radiation therapy are rare. A search in the English literature showed ...
Issa Iyad I Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Rafik Hariri University Hospital, Beirut 2034-7304, Lebanon. - - 2009
Mesenteric panniculitis is a rare, benign and chronic fibrosing inflammatory disease that affects the adipose tissue of the mesentery of the small intestine and colon. The specific etiology of the disease is unknown. The diagnosis is suggested by computed tomography and is usually confirmed by surgical biopsies. Treatment is empirical ...
- - 2009
Non-surgical endodontic treatment represents a cornerstone of contemporary endodontic care. Reflecting the central importance of this therapy, there is a high number of studies that address issues related to this treatment. Unfortunately, many of these studies are preclinical "bench top" studies with largely undefined clinical implications. Given its high level ...
McLeod Dwight E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gingival enlargement is a clinical condition that has been widely studied and is directly associated with specific local or systemic conditions. It is very rare that gingival enlargement presents without a clear underlying etiology. METHODS: A 24-year-old African American female presented with gingival enlargement that manifested postpartum and was ...
Rattan Kamal N - - 2009
We report here a case of cystic lymphangioma of scrotum presenting as acute scrotum due to haemorrhage. The diagnosis was confirmed on ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging and managed successfully by surgical excision. There was past history of bilateral congenital cataract for which the patient had undergone surgery with complete ...
Gupta Manish - - 2010
Otophyma is the term used for sebaceous gland hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the ear. It is usually the end stage of rosacea--a common, chronic, cutaneous disorder of unknown etiology. We hereby present a rare case of otophyma with its clinical features, its etiology, diagnosis, and review of medical and surgical ...
Kara Cengiz - - 2009
Urethral prolapse is frequently reported in girls; however, the clinical condition is frequently encountered in postmenopausal women by urologists and gynecologists. The treatment of urethral prolapse is controversial. Information regarding the treatment and pathophysiology of this clinical entity in postmenopausal women is sparse in the published literature. We report a ...
Kreckler S - - 2009
To evaluate the process of incident reporting in a surgical setting. In particular: the influence of event outcome on reporting behaviour; staff perception of surgical complications as reportable events. Anonymous web-based questionnaire survey. General Surgical Department in a UK teaching hospital. Of 203 eligible staff, 55 (76.4%) doctors and 82 ...
Setabutr Dhave - - 2010
Osteonecrosis of the jaw is an uncommon consequence of biphosphonate therapy. This has most commonly been a bone complication with little if any soft tissue involvement. An unusual case of necrotizing fasciitis with extensive soft tissue infection stemming from a prolonged case of osteonecrosis of the jaw presented. The management ...
Khoo A A K-A - - 2010
Mesotherapy or subcutaneous fat dissolution for cosmetic purposes has been described using phosphatidylcholine. A literature search found no reports of the use of lipase for mesotherapy. Substances for cosmetic mesotherapy are not licensed for use in the United Kingdom. We report a case of self injection using lipase obtained from ...
Massengale Justin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of a rare adult-onset craniopharyngioma presenting as rapidly progressive catatonia that was reversed after surgical resection of the tumor. BACKGROUND: Profoundly depressed states of awareness classified as either catatonia or akinetic mutism have been reported in patients with hypothalamic neoplasms, but reports of improvement in ...
Carinelli Silvestro - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe two rare cases of multiple extrauterine adenomyomas, their clinical management, and their response to surgical and hormone therapy with GnRH agonist. DESIGN: Case report and review of the English-language scientific literature. SETTING: Cases presented in a tertiary health care academic institution. PATIENT(S): Two patients without urogenital malformations ...
Haddad Lisa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to review cases of second-trimester postabortal hemorrhage (PAH) occurring at a private women's health facility that were treated with uterine artery embolization (UAE). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on all second-trimester terminations performed at a private women's health facility between 1999 and 2006. Cases ...
Tshifularo, M.
Limited literature is available on the epidemiology and genetics of otosclerosis in South African blacks, among whom it is extremely rare. We undertook this study because we had documented and surgically confirmed cases of clinical oval window otosclerosis in this population.
Rodríguez-Pascual Jesús - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection remains the gold standard for the treatment of localized adenocarcinoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts. Yet, treatment of loco-regional recurrences is not well defined. CASE PRESENTATION: We present an unusual case of distal adenocarcinoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts that was treated with surgery and relapsed two ...
Jeyarajah Santhini - - 2009
Leiomyomatosis peritonei disseminata is a condition seen uncommonly in states of oestrogen hypersecretion in women of childbearing age. There are no clear guidelines for the primary management and follow-up of these patients. Here, a rare case in a postmenopausal woman with a normal hormonal state who may be considered higher ...
Dale Eric - - 2009
This case report discusses the clinical presentation and management of a patient presenting to substance misuse services reporting chewing fentanyl patches in addition to wearing them transdermally. The patient was successfully titrated onto methadone 30 mg. Only one previously reported case of an individual chewing fentanyl patches was found in ...
Saldana Manuel - - 2009
PURPOSE: To describe 5 cases of lid retraction associated with large cystic glaucoma filtering blebs. METHODS: Retrospective case reports and literature review. RESULTS: All 5 patients had lid retraction due to glaucoma filtering blebs. Two were successfully managed surgically by graded blepharotomy with resolution of lid retraction and bleb dysesthesia ...
van der Wouden Els A - - 2009
Severe poisoning with valproate may result in coma and death. The management of valproate intoxication is principally supportive. Valproate is scarcely excreted renally and is mainly protein bound and, therefore, not considered to be amenable for extracorporeal elimination. Despite these unfavourable pharmacokinetic properties, several case reports showed successful treatment of ...
Vasiliadis Konstantinos - - 2009
Portal hypertension, especially when it is caused by extrahepatic portal vein thrombosis, is commonly followed by the development of an abnormal periportal and pericholedochal variceal network, which form a portal cavernoma. This may exert extrinsic pressure on the adjacent biliary ducts and gallblader, causing morphologic abnormalities, termed portal biliopathy, which ...
Appleby Clare E - - 2009
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an infrequent event that is most commonly associated with pregnant women or those in the postpartum period. Because of its rarity, the literature describing this condition is confined to sporadic case reports, with few reporting long-term follow-up, and no clear consensus exists on the ...
Ebert Charles S CS - - 2008
Infantile myofibromatosis is a rare proliferative mesenchymal disorder that has a potential for rapid growth and recurrence. Approximately 30% of infantile myofibromatosis lesions present in the head and neck, and some of these can cause significant morbidity. We report a case of recurrent infantile myofibromatosis that persisted after surgery and ...
Akere A A Dept. of Medicine, University College Hospital, - - 2008
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST) are rare mesenchymal tumours, comprising 1% of all GI malignancies. This is a report of a middle-aged man diagnosed with GIST of the duodenum. He had gastrojejunostomy and para-aortic lymph node biopsy for histology. He was subsequently commenced on 5-fluorouracil but with little response.
Leiser Yoav - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic myxomas (OMs) are considered to be a benign odontogenic tumour with locally aggressive behaviour. Since these neoplasms are rare in the oral cavity, the possible surgical management can be quite variable. Literature recommendation can vary from simple curettage and peripheral ostectomy up to segmental resection. CASE REPORTS: In ...
Marven Sean - - 2008
Early definitive closure of abdominal wall defects is possible in most cases. Staged reduction does offer distinct advantages, and mortality and morbidity may be better. Risk stratification may produce outcome and tailor management of difficult cases in the form of a clinical pathway. Stem cell technology may, in the future, ...
Hill Clara E - - 2008
In this rejoinder, I respond to Muran and Samstag's (2008; see record 2008-13167-003) and Anchin's (2008; see record 2008-13167-004) reactions to the investigation of immediacy in two case studies (Hill et al., 2008; see record 2008-13167-001; Kasper, Hill, & Kivlighan, 2008; see record 2008-13167-002). In particular, I focus on theoretical ...
Sekula Raymond F RF - - 2008
Although the prognosis of acute disseminated encephalitis (ADEM) has generally been reported as favorable, in a small subset of patients, fulminant cerebral edema requiring critical care and surgical management may develop. This article presents a 56-year-old woman who developed ADEM and died of central brain herniation secondary to medically intractable ...
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