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Yamashita Akiko A Department of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Izumi, - - 2014
Fetal congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) can progress to nonimmune hydrops, and the mortality rate of CCAM with hydrops is reported to be nearly 100%. We describe three microcystic CCAM cases in which the fetal condition improved after maternal betamethasone therapy. The median gestational age at steroid administration was 23 ...
Erickson Benjamin P BP *Bascom Palmer Eye Institute; and †Miami Veterans Affairs Hospital, Miami, FL, - - 2014
A 71-year-old African American man presented with an indolent growth above the left medial canthus. CT of the orbits revealed a circumscribed, homogeneously enhancing 2.1 × 2.2 × 2.5 cm mass that appeared to extend into the medial orbit and proximal nasolacrimal duct without obstructing it. Intraoperatively, the mass was ...
Carlisi E E Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, I.R.C.C.S. Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, Pavia,University of Pavia, Italy - - - 2014
Although the diagnosis of and therapy for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) have been extensively investigated, the role of rehabilitation in modifying its functional outcome has received little attention in the literature so far. We report a case of pediatric ADEM who showed complete functional recovery following early rehabilitative treatment, started ...
Gratian Lauren F LF Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Duke Medical Center, Duke University, Durham, - - 2014
Objective: To report a rare case of primary hyperparathyroidism presenting with hyperparathyroid crisis due to parathyroid hyperplasia with ectopic glands.Methods: We present the initial clinical manifestations, laboratory results, radiologic and surgical findings, and management in a patient who had hyperparathyroid crisis. The pertinent literature and management options are also reviewed.Results: ...
Benassai Giacomo G Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University "Federico II" of Naples, Naples, - - 2014
Adrenocortical Carcinoma is a rare and aggressive cancer and its prognosis is frequently unsatisfactory. Due to its rarity there's a lack of prospective randomized studies. Without experience in the approach of this kind of tumor, managing becomes challenging and, moreover, we have only few recommendations, based on weak evidence. We ...
Hoefert Sebastian S Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Tuebingen, Osianderstr. 2-8, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany, - - 2014
Regev et al. first re-introduced the method of atraumatic tooth extraction with orthodontic elastics in 2008. Since then, the method has been mentioned regularly in literature. Nevertheless, the need for additional more detailed information remains. We present a review of literature and a retrospective analysis of our three patients receiving ...
Anele Uzoma A UA Urology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, - - 2014
Prolonged ischemic priapism in patients with sickling hemoglobinopathies is a urologic emergency requiring immediate intervention to avoid irreversible anoxic penile injury, corporal fibrosis, and erectile dysfunction. Therapeutic options, however, are limited and often ineffective. Here, we report recovery of erectile function with hydroxyurea therapy in an adolescent with hemoglobin SS ...
Weiss Alan Micheal AM From the Hunter New England Mental Health, NSW, Australia and Calvary Mater Hospital, Waratah, Newcastle, NSW, - - 2014
Unilateral and bitemporal electrode placement has been the dominant mode of delivery in electroconvulsive therapy. We report 3 patients receiving maintenance electroconvulsive therapy where the use of dominant electrode placements was ineffective. Changing to left anterior right temporal electrode placement resulted in marked clinical improvement. This supports the limited literature ...
Toklu Akin Savas - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to review the cases diagnosed as decompression sickness (DCS) with recompression therapy treament between 1963 and 1998 in Turkey. The records of 179 cases were analyzed for age, gender, type of DCS, presenting signs and symptoms, time to onset of symptoms, time to recompression ...
Montazeri Nazanin N Departments of *Medicine †Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Pyomyositis (PM) is a purulent infection of skeletal muscle. It is often associated with immunosuppression in temperate climates. Herein, we report a case of PM causing temporary quadriparesis in a 14-year-old girl undergoing induction therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and we review the reported pediatric cases associated with induction therapy ...
Clark Natalie A NA aDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan bEpidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development cProgram in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2014
Magnetic-resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) is a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of uterine fibroids. The purpose of this review is to highlight the impact of MRgFUS on fertility and reproductive outcomes. The role of MRgFUS in the treatment of fibroids has been evolving since its introduction in 2004. ...
Campschroer Thijs T Departments of Urology - - 2014
Abstract Objective. An increase in the incidence of prostate angiosarcoma may be expected owing to the exponential increase in the use of radiotherapy for prostate carcinoma in recent decades and the possible aetiology of radiation exposure on the development of angiosarcoma in general. The objective of this study was to ...
Mollen Bas P BP Departments of aOrthopedic Surgery bResearch, Sint Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen cDepartment of Orthopedic Surgery, Tergooiziekenhuizen, Hilversum, The - - 2014
A humero-ulnar synostosis is a bony connection between the humerus and the ulna. This is a very rare finding and it results in a serious disability of the elbow. Usually, a synostosis of the elbow occurs as a congenital anomaly. In this case, a 6-year-old girl was seen with a ...
Monti Sara S Divisione di Reumatologia, IRCCS Fondazione Policlinico S. Matteo, Università di Pavia, Pz.le Golgi 3, Pavia, PV, 27100, Italy, - - 2014
We report the case of a 52-year-old man with long-standing HLAB27-positive ankylosing spondylitis treated with anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha therapy who was admitted to our rheumatology department complaining of increasing lumbar and buttock pain radiating to the posterior thigh, associated with numbness in the leg, gait disturbance and low-grade ...
Xu Lei L Department of Vascular Surgery, Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, 250021, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Leiomyomas are benign smooth muscle tumors. A leiomyoma originating from the vein is rare. We describe a primary femoral vein tumor that was diagnosed as an unusual leiomyoma in a 50-year-old woman. It was the first reported leiomyoma in the femoral vein in English studies. We have reviewed the studies ...
Al-Rumayyan Ahmed R AR Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, PO Box 3660, Mail Code 3130, Riyadh 11481, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 (11) 4295243. Fax. +966 (11) 4295245. E-mail: - - 2014
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) as a complication in children with nephrotic syndrome is rarely reported. Although clinical characteristics are increasingly recognized, therapeutic management and clinical outcomes are not well documented. This case report presents a 10-year-old female who presented with dehydration associated with headache and decreased level of consciousness, which ...
Bertossi Dario D Unit of Dentistry and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, University of Verona, - - 2014
According to the 2005 histological classification of odontogenic neoplasms by the World Health Organization, ameloblastoma is a benign, locally invasive epithelial odontogenic tumor of putative enamel organ origin. There are four distinct subgroups in which this neoplasm can be gathered: the solid/multicystic type, the unicystic type, the desmoplastic and the ...
Snipelisky David D From the Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, - - 2014
Canine-assisted therapy (CAT) is widely used in outpatient settings, yet there is little published literature regarding its use, efficacy, and safety in the inpatient setting. The primary objective of this review was to consolidate published information regarding CAT efficacy and safety in the inpatient population. The secondary objective was to ...
Delasotta Lawrence A LA Resident, Department of Radiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, FL. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spider bite envenomation can cause local, constitutional, and/or systemic symptoms. The present case study reports on 5 years of follow-up for a "probable" brown recluse spider bite of the foot and ankle that was refractory to conservative treatment and was subsequently treated with surgery. The present case study reports the ...
Shiba Hideyuki H Department of Internal Medicine (I), Osaka Medical College, Daigaku-Machi 2-7, Takatsuki, Osaka, 569-8686, - - 2014
Autoimmune disorder is one of the important side effects of interferon-α therapy. Some polymyositis cases as complication of interferon-α therapy were reported, but dermatomyositis were rarely. We report a case of dermatomyositis as a complication of interferon-α therapy for hepatitis C. A 52-year-old Japanese man was treated by combination therapy ...
Levin Ethan C - - 2014
The efficacy of biologic therapy in treating plaque-type psoriasis is well documented. However, there is less data for use in other psoriasis subtypes, such as erythrodermic and generalized pustular psoriasis.<BR /> We sought to review the safety and efficacy of biologic medications in the treatment of these severe subtypes of ...
Singh Seerat S Department of Endocrinology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
To study the effect of octreotide therapy on endometriotic lesions in a patient with coexisting endometriosis and acromegaly. A 34-year-old female was diagnosed with acromegaly and coexisting endometriosis. Post-surgical resection of the tumor, patient was initiated on octreotide therapy. There was improvement in menstrual bleeding as IGF1 levels decreased with ...
Miletta Nathanial N From the *Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethseda, Maryland; †San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, Texas; ‡Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis; and §United States Army Institute of Surgical - - 2014
Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare, potentially fatal, autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. Treatment of this disease is problematic because of a lack of high-grade, evidence-based recommendations, the side-effect profiles of the therapies available, and the extensive supportive care that afflicted patients require. The authors present the ...
Marra Alessandro M AM Department of Clinical Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Clinical Immunology Unit, Rome, - - 2014
The systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is a rare condition characterized by unexplained episodic attacks of systemic capillary hyperpermeability accompanied by hypoalbuminemia, hemoconcentration and edema. Treatment of the acute phase is supportive, focusing on adequate fluid resuscitation. Many agents have been used to prevent acute attacks, including corticosteroids, β2-agonists (aminophylline, ...
Smeenk H E HE Department of Geriatric Medicine, Diakonessenhuis, Zeist, the - - 2014
Aim: Orthostatic hypotension is common, especially in the elderly, and it is strongly associated with discomfort and falls. Physicians may sometimes prescribe compression therapy, but the beneficial effect of this treatment in orthostatic hypotension is unclear. The aim of this review was to summarise all available evidence on the effect ...
Jeong Hye Jin HJ Department of Intermal Medicine, Dongsan Hospital, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) is a nucleotide used as long-term therapy of chronic hepatitis B. Many published reports have shown that long-term high-dose therapy with adefovir can be associated with proximal renal tubular dysfunction resulting in significant hypophosphatemia, renal insufficiency and osteomalacia. We have encountered two patients who developed evidence of ...
Gruenthal Michael M From the Department of Neurology, Albany Medical College, Albany, - - 2014
Persistent or re-emergent status epilepticus occurs in as many as 20% of patients treated with conventional pharmacotherapy for refractory status epilepticus.(1) The prognosis associated with this "malignant" or "super-refractory" status epilepticus (SRSE) is not universally poor, making therapeutic efforts worthwhile in some cases. Unfortunately, the literature is dominated by anecdotal ...
Alfadhel Majid M Division of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency (MIM #608643) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of monoamines. It is caused by a mutation in the DDC gene that leads to a deficiency in the AADC enzyme. The clinical features of this condition include a combination of dopamine, noradrenaline, and serotonin deficiencies, ...
Miller Timothy R TR Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Neuroradiology, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Although usually asymptomatic, a persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) can rarely be associated with a direct fistula to the cavernous sinus (ie, trigemino-cavernous fistula). We present three patients with trigemino-cavernous fistulas; two were subsequently treated using modern endovascular techniques while the third initially declined therapy. We then review the literature of ...
Yu Chih-Huang CH Chih-Huang Yu, MSc (OT), OT (Taiwan), is PhD Student, Rehabilitation Science Program, University of Minnesota, MMC 388, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455; - - 2014
This article is the second part of a systematic review of studies on occupational therapy-related intervention for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The objective of this systematic review was to critically appraise and synthesize the applicable findings to address the following focused question: What is the evidence for the effectiveness ...
Arbesman Marian M Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, is Consultant, Evidence-Based Practice Project, American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), Bethesda, MD; President, ArbesIdeas, Inc., 19 Hopkins Road, Williamsville, NY 14221; and Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Science, University at Buffalo, State University of New York; - - 2014
Systematic reviews of the literature relevant to neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), are important to the practice of occupational therapy. We describe the four questions that served as the focus for systematic reviews of the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for ...
Gupta Kailash K National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2014
A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers whose efforts often go unrecognized. AIDS Research and Therapy is very grateful for the support of highly qualified peer reviewers and would like to show its appreciation by thanking the following for their assistance ...
Shaaban Hamid H Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Michael's Medical Center, 111 Central Avenue, Newark, - - 2014
We report an interesting case involving an 81-year-old male patient who presented to our hospital with sepsis secondary to pyelonephritis and bacteremia. Blood cultures were positive for a Gram-negative bacillus, Burkholderia pseudomallei. His risk factors were diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease including travel to an endemic area. The patient received ...
Ceccato Filippo F Endocrinology Unit, Department of Medicine DIMED; University of Padua Medical School, Padua, - - 2014
Most pituitary adenomas with FSH- or LH-positive immunohistochemistry are endocrinologically silent, and neurological symptoms due to their large volume are the first clinical signs; they are rarely reported to be secreting gonadotropins, this usually occurring in cases with clinical endocrine findings. Gonadotropinomas are often treated surgically because they are unresponsive ...
Clar Christine - - 2014
This systematic review updated and extended the "UK evidence report" by Bronfort et al. (Chiropr Osteopath 18:3, 2010) with respect to conditions/interventions that received an 'inconclusive' or 'negative' evidence rating or were not covered in the report. A literature search of more than 10 general medical and specialised databases was ...
Kraft Roverea Rodrigo - - 2014
We report a case of a 54-year-old female with progressive chronic pain in lower extremity, paraplegia and loss of function of the anal sphincter. MRI revealed an expansive solid intradural and intramedullar lesion located at the T6 to T9 levels. Histology of the lesion showed melanocytes with the results of ...
He Hong-Lin HL Department of Pathology, E-DA Hospital, I-Shou University Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Medulloblastoma, a malignant, invasive embryonal tumor of the cerebellum, occurs most often in children. It has high metastatic potential and is usually treated by aggressive multimodal therapy, including surgery, chemotherapy and craniospinal irradiation. Multiple secondary tumors have been reported following craniospinal irradiation. It is rare with the occurrence of oligodendroglioma ...
Awad Al-Wala AW University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ 85004, - - 2014
Pediatric cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a common sequelae of infection, coagulopathies, and dehydration in the pediatric population. Acute posttraumatic CVT is an uncommon etiology of pediatric CVT that presents a unique management challenge. There are no established guidelines outlining the treatment of this small subset of patients. We present ...
Tammaro Antonella A NESMOS Department, UOC Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, University of Rome "Sapienza", 00189 Rome, - - 2014
We report the case of cutaneous sarcoidosis of lichenoid type successfully treated with pimecrolimus. For the first time in the literature, we propose the use of this topical calcineurin inhibitor for the treatment of the cases refractory to common therapy regimens.
Mohammad Farhan F Department of Medicine/Hematology-Oncology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, New York, - - 2014
With the introduction of potent immunosuppressive and chemotherapeutic medications for various diseases, there is an increased incidence of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms. They are the result of mutational rearrangement and historically, have a grave prognosis compared with de novo myeloid neoplasms. We did a short review on various types of myeloid ...
Scheinfeld Noah N Weil Cornell Medical - - 2014
Dissecting cellulitis (DC) also referred to as to as perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens (Hoffman) manifests with perifollicular pustules, nodules, abscesses and sinuses that evolve into scarring alopecia. In the U.S., it predominantly occurs in African American men between 20-40 years of age. DC also occurs in other races and ...
Bassett Parker P Department of Surgery, St. Barnabas Hospital, Bronx, NY, USA - - 2014
Primary leiomyosarcoma is a disease with <50 documented cases in the literature worldwide. The standard of care for these tumors has not been established. Physicians who have seen these cases in the past have used wide local excision with or without adjunctive chemo-radiation therapy. We review the literature concerning the ...
Stephens Nicholas A NA Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Spontaneous esophageal dissection is a rare disorder of the esophagus. Case Description: We present what is believed to be the first reported case of recurrent esophageal dissection in a previously healthy 33-year-old man with chronic eosinophilic esophagitis. He had two episodes of spontaneous dissection of the midesophagus separated by a ...
Waingankar Nikhil N The Arthur Smith Institute for Urology, Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, New Hyde Park, - - 2014
Calyceal diverticula are rare outpouchings of the upper collecting system that likely have a congenital origin. Stones can be found in up to 50% of calyceal diverticula, although, over the combined reported series, 96% of patients presented with stones. Diagnosis is best made by intravenous urography or computed tomography urogram. ...
Alfuriji Samah S College of Dentistry, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Objectives. This review aims to evaluate the effect of orthodontic therapy on periodontal health. Data. Original articles that reported on the effect of orthodontic therapy on periodontal health were included. The reference lists of potentially relevant review articles were also sought. Sources. A literature search was conducted using the databases, ...
Dusilova Sulkova Sylvie S Hemodialysis Centre, University Hospital Hradec Kralové, Czech Republic; Department of Internal Medicine II, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital, Hradec Králové, Czech - - 2014
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody representing a novel therapy of osteoporosis. Contrary to always other antiosteoporotic drugs, it is not contraindicated in advanced chronic kidney disease, as its pharmacokinetic does not differ from patients with normal kidney function. However, published case reports in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients stopped ...
Al-Minshawy Samir M - - 2014
Erythromelalgia is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by episodic erythema, warmth and intense burning pain, which commonly involves the extremities. For those affected, this disorder may lead to significant long-term morbidity. Unfortunately, to date, no definitive therapy is available. This case report describes an Egyptian child with primary erythromelalgia that ...
Pulimamidi Shipali S Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ. Electronic address: - - 2013
Salmonella aortitis is a known complication of Salmonella infection that usually requires surgical therapy. It is unknown whether endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is an acceptable alternative to conventional aortic surgery for patients with Salmonella aortitis who are at high risk for perioperative complications. We therefore report two cases of Salmonella ...
Forst Darren D * Orthodontic Graduate Program, Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate in adolescents and young adults if jackscrew-based maxillary expansion therapies result in external root resorption as measured in vivo via any radiological method.Methods:The authors conducted a systematic search of several electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Evidence Based Medicine Reviews, LILACS) with the assistance of a senior ...
Hamann Carsten R CR Medical Student, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, - - 2013
Box jellyfish are highly venomous and numerous possible treatments for envenomation have already been reported in the published literature. The hand of a 55-year-old scuba diver was stung in the Gulf of Guinea resulting in two crops of coalescing vesicles with intense pain and lymphadenopathy. Traditional therapies such as hot ...
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