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Campschroer Thijs T Departments of Urology - - 2014
Abstract Objective. An increase in the incidence of prostate angiosarcoma may be expected owing to the exponential increase in the use of radiotherapy for prostate carcinoma in recent decades and the possible aetiology of radiation exposure on the development of angiosarcoma in general. The objective of this study was to ...
Mollen Bas P BP Departments of aOrthopedic Surgery bResearch, Sint Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen cDepartment of Orthopedic Surgery, Tergooiziekenhuizen, Hilversum, The - - 2014
A humero-ulnar synostosis is a bony connection between the humerus and the ulna. This is a very rare finding and it results in a serious disability of the elbow. Usually, a synostosis of the elbow occurs as a congenital anomaly. In this case, a 6-year-old girl was seen with a ...
Monti Sara S Divisione di Reumatologia, IRCCS Fondazione Policlinico S. Matteo, Università di Pavia, Pz.le Golgi 3, Pavia, PV, 27100, Italy, - - 2014
We report the case of a 52-year-old man with long-standing HLAB27-positive ankylosing spondylitis treated with anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha therapy who was admitted to our rheumatology department complaining of increasing lumbar and buttock pain radiating to the posterior thigh, associated with numbness in the leg, gait disturbance and low-grade ...
Xu Lei L Department of Vascular Surgery, Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, 250021, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Leiomyomas are benign smooth muscle tumors. A leiomyoma originating from the vein is rare. We describe a primary femoral vein tumor that was diagnosed as an unusual leiomyoma in a 50-year-old woman. It was the first reported leiomyoma in the femoral vein in English studies. We have reviewed the studies ...
Clar Christine - - 2014
This systematic review updated and extended the "UK evidence report" by Bronfort et al. (Chiropr Osteopath 18:3, 2010) with respect to conditions / interventions that received an 'inconclusive' or 'negative' evidence rating or were not covered in the report. A literature search of more than 10 general medical and specialised ...
Delasotta Lawrence A LA Resident, Department of Radiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, FL. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spider bite envenomation can cause local, constitutional, and/or systemic symptoms. The present case study reports on 5 years of follow-up for a "probable" brown recluse spider bite of the foot and ankle that was refractory to conservative treatment and was subsequently treated with surgery. The present case study reports the ...
Shiba Hideyuki H Department of Internal Medicine (I), Osaka Medical College, Daigaku-Machi 2-7, Takatsuki, Osaka, 569-8686, - - 2014
Autoimmune disorder is one of the important side effects of interferon-α therapy. Some polymyositis cases as complication of interferon-α therapy were reported, but dermatomyositis were rarely. We report a case of dermatomyositis as a complication of interferon-α therapy for hepatitis C. A 52-year-old Japanese man was treated by combination therapy ...
Levin Ethan C - - 2014
The efficacy of biologic therapy in treating plaque-type psoriasis is well documented. However, there is less data for use in other psoriasis subtypes, such as erythrodermic and generalized pustular psoriasis.<BR /> We sought to review the safety and efficacy of biologic medications in the treatment of these severe subtypes of ...
Miletta Nathanial N From the *Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethseda, Maryland; †San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, Texas; ‡Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis; and §United States Army Institute of Surgical - - 2014
Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare, potentially fatal, autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. Treatment of this disease is problematic because of a lack of high-grade, evidence-based recommendations, the side-effect profiles of the therapies available, and the extensive supportive care that afflicted patients require. The authors present the ...
Marra Alessandro M AM Department of Clinical Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Clinical Immunology Unit, Rome, - - 2014
The systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is a rare condition characterized by unexplained episodic attacks of systemic capillary hyperpermeability accompanied by hypoalbuminemia, hemoconcentration and edema. Treatment of the acute phase is supportive, focusing on adequate fluid resuscitation. Many agents have been used to prevent acute attacks, including corticosteroids, β2-agonists (aminophylline, ...
Smeenk H E HE Department of Geriatric Medicine, Diakonessenhuis, Zeist, the - - 2014
Aim: Orthostatic hypotension is common, especially in the elderly, and it is strongly associated with discomfort and falls. Physicians may sometimes prescribe compression therapy, but the beneficial effect of this treatment in orthostatic hypotension is unclear. The aim of this review was to summarise all available evidence on the effect ...
Jeong Hye Jin HJ Department of Intermal Medicine, Dongsan Hospital, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) is a nucleotide used as long-term therapy of chronic hepatitis B. Many published reports have shown that long-term high-dose therapy with adefovir can be associated with proximal renal tubular dysfunction resulting in significant hypophosphatemia, renal insufficiency and osteomalacia. We have encountered two patients who developed evidence of ...
Gruenthal Michael M From the Department of Neurology, Albany Medical College, Albany, - - 2014
Persistent or re-emergent status epilepticus occurs in as many as 20% of patients treated with conventional pharmacotherapy for refractory status epilepticus.(1) The prognosis associated with this "malignant" or "super-refractory" status epilepticus (SRSE) is not universally poor, making therapeutic efforts worthwhile in some cases. Unfortunately, the literature is dominated by anecdotal ...
Alfadhel Majid M Division of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency (MIM #608643) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of monoamines. It is caused by a mutation in the DDC gene that leads to a deficiency in the AADC enzyme. The clinical features of this condition include a combination of dopamine, noradrenaline, and serotonin deficiencies, ...
Miller Timothy R TR Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Neuroradiology, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Although usually asymptomatic, a persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) can rarely be associated with a direct fistula to the cavernous sinus (ie, trigemino-cavernous fistula). We present three patients with trigemino-cavernous fistulas; two were subsequently treated using modern endovascular techniques while the third initially declined therapy. We then review the literature of ...
Yu Chih-Huang CH Chih-Huang Yu, MSc (OT), OT (Taiwan), is PhD Student, Rehabilitation Science Program, University of Minnesota, MMC 388, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455; - - 2014
This article is the second part of a systematic review of studies on occupational therapy-related intervention for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The objective of this systematic review was to critically appraise and synthesize the applicable findings to address the following focused question: What is the evidence for the effectiveness ...
Arbesman Marian M Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, is Consultant, Evidence-Based Practice Project, American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), Bethesda, MD; President, ArbesIdeas, Inc., 19 Hopkins Road, Williamsville, NY 14221; and Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Science, University at Buffalo, State University of New York; - - 2014
Systematic reviews of the literature relevant to neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), are important to the practice of occupational therapy. We describe the four questions that served as the focus for systematic reviews of the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for ...
Gupta Kailash K National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2014
A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers whose efforts often go unrecognized. AIDS Research and Therapy is very grateful for the support of highly qualified peer reviewers and would like to show its appreciation by thanking the following for their assistance ...
Al-Minshawy Samir M - - 2014
Erythromelalgia is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by episodic erythema, warmth and intense burning pain, which commonly involves the extremities. For those affected, this disorder may lead to significant long-term morbidity. Unfortunately, to date, no definitive therapy is available. This case report describes an Egyptian child with primary erythromelalgia that ...
Shaaban Hamid H Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Michael's Medical Center, 111 Central Avenue, Newark, - - 2014
We report an interesting case involving an 81-year-old male patient who presented to our hospital with sepsis secondary to pyelonephritis and bacteremia. Blood cultures were positive for a Gram-negative bacillus, Burkholderia pseudomallei. His risk factors were diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease including travel to an endemic area. The patient received ...
Ceccato Filippo F Endocrinology Unit, Department of Medicine DIMED; University of Padua Medical School, Padua, - - 2014
Most pituitary adenomas with FSH- or LH-positive immunohistochemistry are endocrinologically silent, and neurological symptoms due to their large volume are the first clinical signs; they are rarely reported to be secreting gonadotropins, this usually occurring in cases with clinical endocrine findings. Gonadotropinomas are often treated surgically because they are unresponsive ...
Pulimamidi Shipali S Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ. Electronic address: - - 2013
Salmonella aortitis is a known complication of Salmonella infection that usually requires surgical therapy. It is unknown whether endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is an acceptable alternative to conventional aortic surgery for patients with Salmonella aortitis who are at high risk for perioperative complications. We therefore report two cases of Salmonella ...
Forst Darren D * Orthodontic Graduate Program, Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate in adolescents and young adults if jackscrew-based maxillary expansion therapies result in external root resorption as measured in vivo via any radiological method.Methods:The authors conducted a systematic search of several electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Evidence Based Medicine Reviews, LILACS) with the assistance of a senior ...
Hamann Carsten R CR Medical Student, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, - - 2013
Box jellyfish are highly venomous and numerous possible treatments for envenomation have already been reported in the published literature. The hand of a 55-year-old scuba diver was stung in the Gulf of Guinea resulting in two crops of coalescing vesicles with intense pain and lymphadenopathy. Traditional therapies such as hot ...
Zhao Barbara Hong - - 2013
Behçet's disease (BD) is a rare form of vasculitis in North America. Like other rare diseases, there is no high-quality evidence for biologic use beyond case reports/series, and thus, therapy remains controversial. We report on the case of a patient who failed to respond to conventional therapy with colchicine and ...
Canzi P P Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Pavia, IRCCS Policlinico "S. Matteo" Foundation, Pavia, - - 2013
Juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP) is the second most frequent salivary gland disease in childhood, defined as a recurrent non-suppurative and non-obstructive parotid inflammation. The recurring attacks actually represent the most dramatic and serious aspect of this pathology, since they significantly influence the quality of life, and there are no recognized ...
Cheatham Scott W SW California State University Dominquez Hills, Carson, CA, - - 2013
Meralgia Paresthetica (MP) is a nerve entrapment which may cause pain, paresthesias, and sensory loss within the distribution of the lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh. When the differential diagnosis of lateral or anterolateral thigh pain is inconclusive, MP should be considered as a potential source. MP produces similar signs ...
Hohman Marc H MH Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A; Facial Nerve Center, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
To evaluate the range and incidence of facial palsy etiologies in cases presenting to a tertiary facial nerve center, and to review the broad and evolving spectrum of diagnostic and management approaches to the condition. Retrospective chart review. Records of patients referred for facial weakness between 2003 and 2013 were ...
Luskin Marlise - - 2013
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) is a disease of older adults. Pediatric CLL/SLL is vanishingly rare in the literature. We present a case of CLL/SLL diagnosed in a 17-year-old male. The pathologic findings of this case were those of classic CLL/SLL with an ATM deletion, a characteristic genetic abnormality ...
Daraei Pedram P Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Upper lip avulsion after traumatic dog bite is a serious cause of facial disfigurement for which there is no consensus on management in the acute setting. This review was prompted by a case at our institution and is intended to display the available evidence in the management of the patient ...
Li Zhao-Jian ZJ Department of Neurosurgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao, - - 2013
Only four cases of primary intracerebellar paragangliomas have been reported in the literature to date. Because of its rarity, primary intracerebellar paraganglioma still presents a diagnostic challenge for both radiologists and neurosurgeons, and the optimal therapeutic modality is still debatable for its hypervascularity and location. We report a new 16-year-old ...
Steinmetz Sylvain - - 2013
In this literature review, we concentrate on epidemiology and therapy of osseous echinococcosis, with an emphasis on the recurrence risk. Literature review 1930-2012. We retrieved 200 publications based upon single case reports or case series, mostly from resource-poor settings. Among the 721 rural patients (22% females; median age 37 years), ...
Papoian Vardan - - 2013
Leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumor encountered in the sinus and skull base, and can be difficult to control. We present a case of an 83year old female with a recurrent sinonasal leiomyosarcoma. The tumor exhibited variable growth rates of recurrences in non-contiguous sites despite having obtained clear surgical margins and ...
Hawkins Melody - - 2013
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare condition that requires prompt diagnosis and initiation of treatment for optimal outcome. Treatment generally consists of surgical intervention and systemic antibiotics. We present 1 of the largest cohorts of nontuberculous pediatric SEA in the English literature, emphasizing the outcomes of conservative (ie, nonoperative) ...
Brauer Jeremy A - - 2013
Connective tissue diseases (CTD), including lupus erythematosus (LE), scleroderma, sarcoidosis, and dermatomyositis, present with clinically unique cutaneous manifestations often resistant to conventional therapy. The use of lasers in the treatment of various dermatologic conditions continues to expand, presenting an opportunity for incorporation of another mechanism of action in the treatment ...
McKinstry Carol - - 2013
Scoping reviews are a method of identifying, locating, analysing and summarising relevant empirical literature and research findings on a nominated topic. A description of scoping reviews is provided with examples that have been published in the occupational therapy and related literature and outline of the uses of scoping reviews for ...
Chng Edwin - - 2013
Pituitary apoplexy is a rare medical emergency which results from hemorrhage or infarction in the pituitary gland. One of the predisposing factors is treatment with dopamine agonists, especially bromocriptine. We report a 20-year-old Chinese man with prolactinoma who developed pituitary apoplexy 6weeks after initiation of cabergoline. He was treated conservatively ...
Al Asmi Mona M - - 2013
Basidiobolomycosis is a rare fungal infection caused by basidiobolus ranarum. The vast majority of gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis cases were reported from tropical and subtropical regions. We report a Saudi pediatric patient with ileal basidiobolomycosis and initial clinical presentation mimicking acute appendicitis before being misdiagnosed as Crohn's disease. Our case is the ...
Sharma Shobhna - - 2013
A variety of lymphoma types have been reported in patients being treated with anticonvulsant therapy. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas have been reported twice as frequently as Hodgkin lymphomas. Association of nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) with dilantin therapy is extremely uncommon. We report a case of Hodgkin lymphoma in a 25-year-old ...
Oshrine Benjamin R - - 2013
Ectopic production of β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) by nontrophoblastic tumors has been reported but mostly in carcinomas. We report a case of an adolescent female patient with a epithelioid osteosarcoma that was discovered to secrete β-hCG after routine pregnancy testing. Immunohistochemical staining of her primary tumor biopsy demonstrated immunoreactivity for ...
Kumar Anupam - - 2013
Mycobacterium neoaurum is a rare cause of bacteremia, and infection usually occurs in an immunocompromised host in the setting of an indwelling catheter. Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria typically carries a dismal prognosis; we report a case of M. neoaurum prosthetic valve endocarditis with favorable response to antimicrobial ...
Berookhim Boback M - - 2014
This article summarizes the current literature regarding azoospermia caused by spermatogenic failure. The causes and genetic contributions to spermatogenic failure are reviewed. Medical therapies including use of hormonal manipulation, whether guided by a specific abnormality or empiric, to induce spermatogenesis are discussed. The role of surgical therapy, including a discussion ...
Chu Katrina F - - 2013
To describe a difficult case of a large extra-abdominal desmoid fibroma of the posterior neck and back; to discuss the pathologic findings and treatment options of this case and to review the current literature for a rare presentation of this disease. A case report and review of the current relevant ...
Al-Salem Khalil M - - 2013
Orbital complications due to ethmoiditis are rare in neonates. A case of orbital abscess due to acute ethmoiditis in a 28-day-old girl is presented. A Successful outcome was achieved following antimicrobial therapy alone; spontaneous drainage of the abscess occurred from the lower lid without the need for surgery. From this ...
T Francio Vinicius V National University of Health Science - NUHS, Lincoln College of Post-Professional Studies, 200 E. Roosevelt Rd., Lombard, IL 60148, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Peroneal nerve palsy is the most common entrapment neuropathy in the lower extremity, and the presentation of foot drop is a frequent initial manifestation of this disorder. This condition can have a marked influence on the patient's activities of daily living, and is classified as 'Impairment of Body Structure.' Current ...
Bellefeuille Isabelle Beaudry - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. We present the case report of a 3-yr-old boy with retentive fecal incontinence and sensory overresponsivity. Sensory integration theory was used to address the overresponsivity affecting the child's ability to acquire age-appropriate toileting habits. We describe the 7 mo of treatment and 3 mo of follow-up in occupational therapy. ...
Martins Jorge N R - - 2013
The C-shaped configuration is rare in the upper first molar.The purpose of this article is to present 2 cases diagnosed during endodontic therapy and perform a literature review of this anatomy in the upper first molar. Endodontic therapy was performed by using a dental operating microscope and a cone-beam computed ...
Martínez-Girón Rafael - - 2013
Summary (Abstract) The natural habitat of the multiflagellate protozoon Lophomonas blattarum is as an endocommensal in the hindgut of insects such as cockroaches. However, it also causes bronchopulmonary disease in humans. The aim of this paper was to review the literature on this organism in the context of respiratory disease. ...
Levine George - - 2013
A rare phenomenon, the extraoral traumatic penetration of a foreign body into the lumen of the parotid duct, is described. The ensuing obstructive symptomatology and its diagnostic approach and therapy are reviewed.
Agarwal A - - 2013
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is uncommon and therapeutically challenging. Its treatment remains poorly characterised due to limited individual centre or practitioner experience. No large series are reported since 2003, yet IBD treatment has changed substantially. To provide an up-to-date review of the published treatment efficacy of ...
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