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Tan H C - - 1994
Septicaemia and mycotic aneurysm may occur in a patient who is an enteric-carrier of Salmonella typhimurium. We report such a case of an elderly man who presented with chest pain and fatal massive haemoptysis from a likely mycotic thoracic aneurysm. This report underscores the importance of increased awareness of the ...
Prater S P - - 1994
Traumatic rupture of the aorta following blunt trauma is a well described entity. Rupture of the ascending aorta is frequently associated with concomitant cardiac damage and immediate death with few long-term survivors described in the literature. A case of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta discovered two decades after the ...
Casadevall J - - 1994
Alveolar hemorrhage is an entity caused by different etiologies. We report the case of a male who was admitted in our Service due to hemoptysis secondary to an alveolar hemorrhage diagnosed by chest X-ray and fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Thirty six hours after the admission the patient died and his necropsy showed ...
Lijoi A - - 1994
The present report describes an unusual case (apparently the 10th in the world literature) of a type-A aortic dissection with full circumferential detachment of the ascending aortic intima and intussusception thereof into the aortic arch and descending aorta, partly occluding the arch vessels. Computed tomographic scanning and 2-dimensional echocardiography failed ...
Tohyama M - - 1993
We report a case of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in which aneurysmal dilatation of ductus arteriosus developed after lipo-prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) therapy for persistent fetal circulation. After surgery Lipo-PGE1 was used at a dosage of 5 ng/kg per minute from days 2-9 during which aneurysmal dilatation (7 mm in diameter) developed ...
Graham A N - - 1993
The development of a fistula between the aorta and the oesophagus after graft replacement of the thoracic aorta is extremely rare. We report a case which occurred 3 years and 7 months after repair of an aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta and review the previous reports of this uniformly ...
Cardia E - - 1993
An unusual case of infantile myofibromatosis of the solitary type occurring in an intracranial location in a 48-day-old female infant is presented. To our knowledge, there are no other descriptions in the literature of infantile myofibromatosis with exclusively intracranial involvement. The immunohistochemical and electron microscopic findings confirm the myofibroblastic origin ...
Dickens P - - 1993
We report a case of a saccular atherosclerotic aneurysm of the thoracic aorta which was incorporated almost entirely within the upper lobe of the right lung. The aneurysm ruptured into the lung causing massive haemoptysis and sudden death. We have been unable to find a similar case reported in the ...
Redleaf M I - - 1993
Review of the otolaryngologic literature reveals no case reports of mycosis fungoides involving the esophagus. Post-mortem studies report 12 cases of esophageal involvement in 131 autopsies of patients with mycosis fungoides. We describe a 54-year-old man with mycosis fungoides involving the larynx, hypopharynx, and esophagus. Treatment consisted of radiation to ...
Baker J - - 1993
Traumatic rupture of the aorta is a life-threatening injury with an extremely high mortality rate if not promptly diagnosed and surgically repaired. Accurate diagnosis depends on a high index of suspicion and the correct assessment of the angiographic features revealed by aortography. A case is presented that illustrates the angiographic ...
Oskoui R - - 1993
A successfully treated case of Salmonella infection of the thoracic aorta is described. Salmonella enteritidis was isolated from blood cultures and from operative cultures of the aorta. Computed tomography suggested the site of infection, and the resection of the thoracic aortic aneurysm with specific antibiotic therapy resulted in a satisfactory ...
Belcastro S - - 1993
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair associated with a pelvic kidney is extremely rare. To date only 14 cases have been reported in the literature. The main problem during aortic cross clamping is kidney preservation. The purpose of this article is to record and additional case of AAA repair associated with ...
Dowling Frank G. - - 1993
We report two patients with confirmed aortic aneurysm who successfully received ECT. A review of the literature on ECT finds 13 prior case descriptions. Based on the reported cases and literature review, we conclude that ECT in patients with aortic aneurysm is a safe and effective procedure. Although patients may ...
Ito M - - 1993
A 47-year-old female with a 10-year history of bilateral intermittent claudication was diagnosed as having small aorta syndrome (SAS) and was successfully treated by an aorto-bifemoral bypass with aortic thrombendarterectomy. The infra-renal aorta was narrow, being 10 mm in diameter, with thrombotic occlusion of the terminal aorta and common iliac ...
Deshpande J - - 1992
Sixteen specimens of heart with persistent truncus arteriosus were studied to evaluate the anatomic features. Using the Collet and Edwards classification, type I truncus arteriosus was the most frequent (62.5%). Using Van Praagh's classification type A1 was the most common (43.7%). There were two cases which could not be classified ...
Albuquerque F C - - 1992
Rupture of the ascending aorta is lethal in virtually all cases. In the recent literature, fewer than 9 cases of chronic, traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta have been documented. Reported herein is such a case, discovered incidentally and repaired successfully under cardiopulmonary bypass using a graft prosthesis. Aortogram remains ...
Lund J T - - 1992
Ductus arteriosus aneurysm was demonstrated in three neonates by echocardiography. One case was already diagnosed in utero. One patient needed surgical resection, whereas in one case the aneurysm of the ductus arteriosus regressed spontaneously. In the third case the patient died of associated lesions. In a review of the literature, ...
Whitehead E - - 1992
Subglottic and tracheal stenosis frequently present difficulties in management. Two cases of subglottic stenosis occurring after prolonged endotracheal intubation are presented where the vertical length of complete obstruction by scar tissue was greater than 2.5 cm. One case was successfully managed by the use of the laser and immediate insertion ...
Cohen A M - - 1992
The possibility of a "normal" mediastinum at conventional chest radiography in a patient with a lacerated aorta or great vessel from blunt thoracic trauma has not been evaluated objectively. All 1991 members of the Society of Thoracic Radiology were sent a questionnaire asking for examples of such cases. A similar ...
Glower D D - - 1992
Concurrent aortic stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus are not infrequent in children but are rare in adults. An adult case is described with diagnosis by cardiac catheterization and magnetic resonance imaging and with management by combined aortic valve replacement and patent ductus ligation. Review of the English-language literature produced only ...
Fonseca J L - - 1992
Tumors of the aorta have been reported infrequently in the literature. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman diagnosed with malignant aortic fibrous histiocytoma (also known as fibroxanthosarcoma). She was referred to us with suspected occlusion of the right renal artery in a single functioning kidney, with a clinical ...
Frost S - - 1992
Acute occlusion of the infrarenal abdominal aorta is a catastrophic event requiring early recognition and intervention if permanent disability is to be decreased or avoided. While traditional causes of occlusion (saddle embolus and thrombosis) are the most frequent, vasculitis and hypercoagulable states have recently been suggested as etiologies. This article ...
Holdright D R - - 1991
We report a case of haemoptysis from a leaking false aneurysm associated with a Dacron patch used to repair coarctation of the aorta twelve years earlier in a 17-year-old girl. This case illustrates a late and potentially fatal complication of this type of operation after a long period of apparent ...
Lance N J - - 1991
A 45-year-old man presented with bilateral lower extremity claudication due to aortitis and periaortic fibrosis. This variety of aortitis has been described in the pathologic literature as chronic periaortitis, a subset of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis. The association of this aortitis with abdominal aortic aneurysm has been described in the surgical ...
Cavaye D M - - 1991
A case of acute dissecting aortic aneurysm is described in which intravascular ultrasonography was used at the time of aortography to produce real-time, 360 degree cross-sectional images of the aorta. The transmural vessel morphology visualized by this new catheter-based technology allowed confirmation of the diagnosis and identification of distal extension ...
Vidimos A T - - 1991
Three cases of tinea capitis in healthy adults are presented. In light of the very low incidence (less than 1%) of tinea capitis in nonimmunocompromised adults and the possibility of contagion from asymptomatic dermatophyte carriers in the pediatric and adult populations, the necessity for heightened clinical suspicion and diagnostic tenacity ...
Sett S S - - 1991
Traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the abdominal aorta has been infrequently reported in the literature. We report a case of an infected pseudoaneurysm of the supraceliac aorta which we believe to be secondary to celiac plexus block performed for pain from chronic pancreatitis. The aneurysm was successfully repaired using a Dacron graft ...
Bilgiç A - - 1990
In this report 5 patients between the ages of 5-14 years admitted to the Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Hacettepe University, and diagnosed as having pseudocoarctation of the aorta are presented. The clinical and angiographic findings of this rare abnormality of childhood are discussed, the importance of differential diagnosis of this ...
Coard K C - - 1990
Aortic dissection was confirmed in 33 patients at autopsy at the University Hospital of the West Indies between 1975 and 1988. Twenty-five cases were acute and 8 chronic and the diagnosis was made antemortem in 5 cases overall. The high risk of rupture of proximal dissections involving the ascending aorta ...
Parums D V - - 1990
A review of the histology of 440 sections of atherosclerotic aortas and arteries showed that 85% contained advanced atherosclerotic plaques. Of these, 92% showed some degree of adventitial inflammation with subclinical chronic periaortitis in 49%. A review of 20 cases of clinical chronic periaortitis, which included 12 cases of inflammatory ...
Muir I F - - 1990
Clinical observations make it possible in most cases to differentiate between keloid and hypertrophic scars. This suggests that different biological factors are involved in the two groups. In clinical practice in the United Kingdom most keloid scars occur spontaneously. In black-skinned people and orientals the factors of keloid and hypertrophic ...
Thompson J F - - 1989
Four cases of dissecting thoracic aneurysm associated with phaeochromocytoma have been reported in the World literature, of which only one survived surgery. We report what we believe to be the first case of intra-adrenal phaeochromocytoma presenting as a leaking abdominal aneurysm; which is of further interest as post-reconstruction 131-I meta-Iodobenzylguanidine ...
Odagiri S - - 1989
A case of abdominal aortic aneurysm associated with renovascular hypertension in a 3-year-old boy is reported. The child was treated by resection of the aneurysm and replacement with a 12 mm polyester (Dacron) bifurcated graft. The cause of the aneurysm was not revealed by clinical and pathologic examination. In addition ...
Thorvinger B - - 1989
The natural history of an aortic dissection is either endothelialization of the false lumen forming a so-called double-barrelled aorta, or thrombosis of the sack leading to fibrosis and scarring. Complete healing of an aortic dissection is extremely rare, and has to our knowledge only been reported once in vivo. Here ...
Jacobs J - - 1989
We report a case of aneurysm of the abdominal aorta with spontaneous rupture in a 64-year-old man with emphysema and chronic alcoholism. Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus was repeatedly recovered from the blood and from specimens of the excised aneurysm. The patient died in spite of early diagnosis, intravenous erythromycin and ...
Virdi I S - - 1988
A case of complete transposition with posterior aorta and multiple ventricular septal defects is reported. One perimembranous defect, diagnosed preoperatively, was closed while performing a Mustard operation. Three coexisting muscular ventricular septal defects, however, were missed and posed considerable problems at surgery. Although not previously reported, it should be possible ...
Imperiale T F - - 1988
To assess the reported association between colonic angiodysplasia and aortic stenosis, we performed a quantitative and methodologic analysis of the literature. In four controlled studies that support an association between aortic stenosis and idiopathic gastrointestinal bleeding there are major methodologic deficiencies including the following: nonblinded data collection, noncomparable diagnostic examination, ...
Graham D - - 1988
Aortic dissections limited to the abdominal aorta occur infrequently. We have identified four cases of abdominal aortic dissection and have reviewed these in combination with 43 previously reported cases to identify factors that influence the prognosis and management of this disease. Abdominal aortic dissections are similar to thoracic dissections in ...
Becquemin J P - - 1988
Tumors of the aorta are extremely rare and usually malignant. We report the case of a sarcoma of the infrarenal aorta in a 67-year-old man. Initial symptoms were metastatic cutaneous nodules and lower extremity claudication. Aortography and computerized tomography of the abdomen revealed a fungating mass obstructing the aortic bifurcation. ...
Bisset R A - - 1988
The case of a haemophilic baby boy who developed a pyloric haematoma due to trauma caused by a feeding gastrostomy catheter balloon is presented. Intramural gastric haematomas are rare and the authors are not aware of any previous reports of intramural haematomas affecting the pylorus alone in this age group. ...
Afifi A K - - 1988
Three cases with rare association of neurofibromatosis, hydrocephalus, and aqueductal stenosis seen at the University of Iowa during the past 20 years are presented. The literature on nontumoral hydrocephalus and aqueductal stenosis in neurofibromatosis is reviewed. Possible explanations for the association of aqueductal stenosis and neurofibromatosis are discussed. It is ...
Schimpf P P - - 1988
After sustaining a free rupture of the intrapericardial ascending aorta secondary to blunt chest trauma, a 27-year-old man underwent successful aortic repair. To our knowledge, this is the first time a patient has ever survived this condition. Pericardial tamponade-together with rapid transport to the hospital and an aggressive surgical approach-was ...
Matsuyama K - - 1987
We report the case of a 23-year-old man with coarctation of the aorta whose baroreceptor sensitivity was extremely reduced. Antihypertensive therapy was effectively performed after coarctectomy. Only one month after coarctectomy, baroreflex sensitivity had recovered. The present case is believed to be the first in which reduced baroreceptor sensitivity in ...
Myburgh D P - - 1987
The clinical, ECG and angiographic features of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a 24-year-old white man are reported. Only 4 non-Oriental cases have so far been described and the present case is the second from South Africa. Attention is drawn to the possibility that there are two distinct types of apical ...
Schäfer K H - - 1987
In a retrospective study of 832 cases of thalidomide embryopathy (ThE) between October 1, 1959 and July 31, 1962, a highly significant accumulation of cases with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) was registrated. Clinical course, X-ray and surgical findings and the sex ratio (male preponderance) were identical to IHPS occurring ...
Hrachovy R A - - 1987
We report the occurrence of infantile spasms following near-drowning in two children with previously normal development. In both cases, the episode of near-drowning occurred well after the 1st year of life, and the age at onset of spasms (20 and 34 months, respectively) was unusually late. The possible significance of ...
Wilsher C R - - 1987
Several double-blind studies of the effects of piracetam in developmental dyslexia are reviewed. There is general agreement among studies that piracetam appears to improve reading performance.
Minami K - - 1986
A vascular ring formed by a left aortic arch, a retro-esophageal segment, a right descending aorta and right-sided ductus or ligamentum arteriosum is a very rare anomaly up to now; only 16 cases have been reported in the literature. This report presents the case of an infant suffering from the ...
Digre K B - - 1986
Opsoclonus is a rare but distinctive disorder of ocular motility. Although there are many reported cases of opsoclonus in children, there is no large series of cases in adults. In recent years, three cases of opsoclonus in adults have been identified at the University of Iowa, Iowa City. Review of ...
Lohr J W - - 1986
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed in five instances of renal transplant artery stenosis (RTAS) in four patients. Hypertension was present in all cases and improved after angioplasty together with reduction in medicine requirements. Abnormal renal function in four instances also improved after PTA. This reflects the current literature in ...
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