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Results 251 - 300 of 377
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Hamid Mohammad - - 2003
We report a case of 26 years old man who presented with dyspnoea and stridor in the emergency room. He was diagnosed as a case of posttracheostomy lower tracheal stenosis and scheduled for lower tracheal reconstruction. Patient was intubated in the operating room while breathing spontaneously. Due to proximity of ...
Adetiloye V A - - 2003
A prospective duplex ultrasound and Colour Doppler imaging studies were performed on 52 consecutive patients with 63 carotid arteries (11 patients with bilateral carotid interrogation). The cases were classified into two study groups--non-haemodynamically (< 50%) and haemodynamically (= 50%) significant stenoses in relation to clinical events and carotid plaque echomorphology. ...
Vasquez Jay - - 2003
Penetrating atheromatous ulceration of the infrarenal aorta is a rare entity. There are few reported cases of this lesion, and most of the published data is in regards to the thoracic aorta. Spontaneous rupture of a nonaneurysmal noninfected atherosclerotic infrarenal aorta is a rare event. We report the eleventh case ...
Pampin J Blanco - - 2003
We present the case of a 26-day-old female in whom left aortic arch with right-sided descending aorta occurred. The previously healthy newborn baby was found dead on her bed. This anomaly is very uncommon and its clinical presentation as sudden death is also exceptional with only a few cases having ...
Altinbas Ahmet - - 2003
Coarctation of the aorta is one of the congenital heart diseases diagnosed primarily in childhood and early adolescence. A 67-year-old female was admitted to the hospital with chest pain. Angiography revealed a coarctation of the aorta, coronary ectasia and dilatation of the ascending aorta. This case attracted our attention because ...
Satyapal Kapil Sewsaran - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Non-recognition of a critical aortic arch branch variation at surgery, with fatal consequences, prompted a retrospective analysis of the prevalence of aortic arch branch variations in the South African population. METHODS: Three hundred and twenty aortic arch angiograms were analysed from existing records (January 1988--March 1998) of the vascular ...
Pozzulo Joanna D - - 2003
Two studies varying target gender and mode of target exposure were conducted to compare the quantity, nature, and accuracy of free recall person descriptions provided by youths and adults. In addition, the relation among age, identification accuracy, and number of descriptors reported was considered. Youths (10-14 years) reported fewer descriptors ...
Romain Nathalie - - 2003
The authors report the cases of two young women who died of massive hemorrhage resulting from trocar aortic injuries during abdominal laparoscopy. In the first case, wherein the patient underwent laparoscopy for cecopexy, the forensic autopsy showed a through-and-through perforation of the abdominal aorta and of the ileum. The other ...
Dasgupta Subhendu - - 2002
In sirenomelia the caudal tissues of the foetus fail to develop because of the "stealing" of blood by a vitelline vascular shunt from the distal aorta during embryogenesis interfering with foetal development. A 25 years old 2nd gravida delivered one full term premature grossly asphyxiated baby at BS Medical College ...
Terramani Thomas T - - 2002
Hypoplasia of the thoracic and abdominal aorta, referred to as atypical, elongated, or diffuse coarctation, is an exceedingly rare cardiovascular anomaly. Congenital, acquired, inflammatory, and infectious etiologies have been described. Symptoms typically occur within the first three decades of life and include hypertension, lower extremity claudication, and mesenteric ischemia. The ...
Sidhu Jagmohan S - - 2002
An incidental anterior-superior mediastinal rhabdomyoma is reported in a 68-year-old man who died of hypovolemic shock as a result of massive blood loss due to transection of aorta after being hit by a moving motor vehicle. This is the third reported case of mediastinal rhabdomyoma in the literature. The immunohistochemical ...
Thali Michael J - - 2002
We describe the extraordinary case of a penetrating knife wound to the aorta. The localization of the tip of the knife was documented with a Computed Tomography examination and subsequent two- and three-dimensional reconstruction. Based on this case report, the utilization of computed tomography in forensic science and its potential ...
Zaidat Osama O - - 2002
A case is reported of an 84-year-old woman with recurrent episodes of aphasia and right-sided weakness with spontaneous complete resolution associated with hypotension. She subsequently developed lower gastrointestinal bleeding, ischemic toes, and anuria without associated chest pain. An emergent transesophageal echocardiography showed a type A aortic dissection with aortic valve ...
Ali Omar A - - 2002
The natural history and preferred approach to patients with intramural hematoma of the aorta remains controversial. We describe herein the management of the case of a 45-year-old woman with acute onset of chest pain, intramural hematoma of the arch and proximal descending aorta, and left pleural effusion. In this particular ...
Ozcan Co┼čkun - - 2002
This report describes a case of symptomatic pyloric ectopic pancreas simulating infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) in an 1-month-old boy. There are few cases reported in the English-language literature with the same clinical presentation during the neonatal period. Rarely is the entity symptomatic, and it should be kept in mind ...
Fleming Scott - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report a case of undetected aortic coarctation in an adult Hispanic migrant farm worker that presented with uncontrolled hypertension and transient left flank pain. A primary care overview of the disorder, clinical diagnosis, testing, and treatment are discussed. DATA SOURCES: Case report, scientific literature, diagnostic evidence. CONCLUSIONS: Coarctation ...
Stoica Serban C - - 2002
A case of a 30-year-old woman with a double-barrelled aorta misdiagnosed as asthma is presented. The patient was significantly improved after surgical treatment but a degree of airway symptoms persisted. She was further investigated and diagnosed with tracheomalacia. The paediatric experience with managing tracheomalacia is briefly reviewed and recommendations for ...
Hassan I - - 2001
The natural history, prognostic significance, and optimal therapy of asymptomatic thoracic aorta mural thrombi detected incidentally is not well defined in the literature. We report a case of asymptomatic thoracic aorta mural thrombi in a 42-year-old woman with a history of smoking and steroid use that was conservatively managed with ...
Kolvekar S K - - 2001
A review of the literature shows that there are few reported cases of embolism or thrombus in a nonaneurysmal, effectively normal aorta with no other underlying reason for thrombus formation in the aorta. We report a case of a large, floating thrombus in the descending aorta lumen and discuss surgical ...
Tsoukas A - - 2001
We report a case of an 18-year-old female who developed an extensive hemothorax after blunt chest trauma. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed transsection of the aorta at the level of the isthmus and turbulent flows in several places around the aorta. We discuss the contribution of TEE for detecting traumatic injuries ...
Ramesh J C - - 2001
The aim of this paper is to report three cases of congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) of different anatomical varieties: (1) stenosis due to tracheobronchial remnants (TBR) involving the lower third of the esophagus; (2) fibromuscular stenosis (FMS) of the middle third; and (3) a membranous diaphragm (MD) involving the lower ...
Choi E T - - 2001
The endovascular technique has revolutionized the treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). At our institution, we examined the impact of an endovascular program on the traditional operative training of the vascular fellows in the treatment of infrarenal AAA. We examined the records of our vascular fellows' experience from July ...
Rockman C B - - 2001
Lower extremity paraplegia or paraparesis is an extremely rare event after operative repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAS). We report two such cases that occurred after endovascular repair or attempted endovascular repair of routine AAAS. To our knowledge, these are the first two cases reported specifically in the literature. ...
Kuribayashi S - - 2000
Localized stenosis confined to the distal abdominal aorta near the bifurcation is an atypical manifestation of atherosclerosis, particularly in a woman. We report the case of a middle-aged woman who presented with a focal stenosis accompanied by heavy calcification in the distal abdominal aorta. The lesion was successfully treated by ...
Alexi-Meskishvili V V - - 2000
Yustin Y. Djanelidze is one of the little-known pioneers of cardiac surgery in the 20th century. He successfully sutured a penetrating injury of the ascending aorta in St. Petersburg, Russia, on 27 October 1913. To the best of our knowledge, this was the 1st case of ascending aorta repair described ...
Schreiber C - - 1999
The combination of common arterial trunk associated with double aortic arch is very rare. We are aware of only four cases ever reported in English literature. We add two cases of this entity and comment on the morphological aspects, the clinical impact of the combined lesions, and their diagnostic and ...
Ting A C - - 1999
A case of aortic replacement using the inferior vena cava for combined injuries to the duodenum and aorta was studied. This case highlights the use of a specific treatment option from a number of available options in emergency situations.
Long R - - 1999
To define the epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathology, presentation, and management of tuberculous mycotic aneurysm of the aorta (TBAA) in the therapeutic era, we reviewed all of the cases reported in the English language literature from 1945 to the present. To the 39 cases in the published literature, we add two cases ...
Lam King-Yin - - 1999
We report a case of unilateral primary adrenal cortical hyperplasia associated with hyperaldosteromsm in a 39-yr-old Chinese man. The patient presented with hypertension hy pokalemia, primary hyperaldosteronism(1) suppressed renin activity, and was complicated with aortic dissection. The aortic dissection required emergency realignment while unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed subsequently Pathologic ...
Hayes-Jordan A - - 1998
This case of ectopic pancreas found in the pre-pyloric channel of a 2-day-old infant is unique. A review of the literature reveals no other cases of symptomatic ectopic pancreas in an infant of this age. In this patient, signs and symptoms were consistent with pyloric stenosis. Upper gastrointestinal study and ...
Schmuziger M - - 1998
We report a case of a 71-year-old hypertensive female patient presenting with haemoptysis and retrosternal pain from a leaking pseudo-aneurysm associated with a Dacron onlay patch used to repair a coarctation of the aorta 27 years earlier. This case illustrates a late and potentially fatal complication of this type of ...
Graadt van Roggen J F - - 1998
A case of adult hypertrophic pyloric stenosis presented in an older female with no apparent predisposing factors which might be likely to precipitate the condition. There was a history of chronic dyspepsia and occasional episodes of vomiting. No contributory medical history was identified. Barium swallow and follow through showed a ...
Moore J D - - 1998
A case is described in which coarctation of the aorta develops following coil occlusion of a patent ductus arteriosus with a single Gianturco coil. This finding has yet to be reported in children undergoing this procedure and demonstrates the possibility of its occurrence and brings into question the need for ...
Vidyasagar M S - - 1998
Primary Ewing's sarcoma of the nasal bone has not been previously described. This case presented as a mass in the left ala of the nose in a five year old female child. The clinical, radiological, microscopic features are described and a review of literature is presented. The case was treated ...
Yamaguchi A - - 1998
We present herein the case of a 39-year-old man found to have significant coarctation of the preductal aorta combined with a type B dissection, associated with Marfan's syndrome. This extremely rare pathological combination could be defined preoperatively only by a three-dimensional computed tomography scan. By means of selective cerebral perfusion, ...
Sugawara Y - - 1998
We report herein the case of a patient with an aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) who was managed successfully by surgery. A 5-mm oval, well circumscribed aortic perforation just above the orifice of the celiac axis and a 4-mm defect in the esophagus were primarily closed, and an omental flap was placed ...
Bastounis E - - 1997
Variations in the site and course of the inferior vena cava (IVC), although relatively infrequent, can have important surgical implications, especially during surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysm. We report two cases of left-sided IVC encountered during aneurysmectomy. In both cases, the anomaly was not detected during preoperative ultrasound examination, but ...
Ing F F - - 1997
A case of a pediatric patient found to have coexisting coarctation of the aorta and patent ductus arteriosus who underwent balloon dilation of the coarctation and coil occlusion of the ductus in a single cardiac catheterization is presented. Review of the English literature revealed no previous reports of this combination ...
Rosen K L - - 1997
A 15-year-old boy presented with exercise intolerance and near syncope. Electrocardiography showed 3rd-degree atrioventricular block. He was treated emergently with temporary transvenous ventricular pacing. Two-dimensional echocardiography revealed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Subsequently, a permanent, transvenous, dual-chamber pacemaker was implanted. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy rarely causes complete atrioventricular block. It is particularly unusual for the ...
Ohtsuka T - - 1996
Tuberculous pseudoaneurysm has been reported to be a fatal, but rare complication of tuberculosis. We report a case of a 68-year-old man who underwent successful surgical treatment for a tuberculous pseudoaneurysm of the thoracic aorta with bronchial communication, and review previous reports of patients who also underwent operation for similar ...
Iijima T - - 1996
From 1988 to 1994 the authors treated three patients with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) who presented with hiatal hernia (HH). Two of the cases had been diagnosed preoperatively. HPS should be considered in HH cases in which a significant delay of gastric output is suspected in the early neonatal period.
Pirc B - - 1996
Cardiac anomalies are usually diagnosed early in life, which is particularly true for their various combinations. The diagnosis in adulthood is rare. Here we report the case of a young man with an aortic coarctation corrected at the age of 16, however the associated stenotic bicuspid aortic valve and cor ...
Flum D R - - 1995
Coronary pseudoaneurysm is a complication of angioplasty occurring in 4-5% of cases. The likely etiology of the pseudoaneurysm is an iatrogenic dissection. Although increasingly identified, they are infrequently reported and no large series has been documented. The case of a 64-year-old patient with a post-PTCA coronary pseudoaneurysm that was treated ...
Chang R A - - 1995
Acute aortic dissection has been reported with the use of cocaine. We report a case of intermittent cocaine use spanning nearly 5 years and leading to recurrent dissection and extension of the false lumen. The patient repeatedly declined surgical correction. Management involved aggressive pharmacologic blood pressure control, close monitoring, and ...
Warden P J - - 1995
Sialolithiasis is a common disorder of the salivary ducts and glands. If a patient has pain and swelling in these regions, and (especially) a history of occurrence near mealtimes, this diagnosis should be considered. For accessible stones, conservative therapy of milking the duct, together with palliative therapy, should be attempted. ...
Rosenberg G D - - 1995
An endoaortic calcified mass, sometimes referred to as a "coral reef" aorta, is an unusual cause of distal leg microembolization. When discovered it is usually in the suprarenal aorta. We present an unusual case of infrarenal coral reef aorta with symptoms of distal atheroembolism. A review of the literature is ...
Pickard J L - - 1995
The authors report the case of an 8-year-old boy with coexisting malignant extraadrenal pheochromocytoma and ipsilateral renal artery stenosis, severe hypertension, normal urinary vanillylmandelic acid levels, and elevated catecholamines and renin levels. Reported mechanisms of the stenosis are reviewed. The interrelationships of catecholamines, renin, and angiotensin and their effects on ...
Gaboriau H - - 1995
One case of isolated type IV posterior glottic stenosis successfully treated with CO2 laser posterior transverse cordotomy is presented. This report emphasized the value of the CO2 laser posterior transverse cordotomy in this situation. A review of the various therapeutic options advocated in the medical literature to treat isolated posterior ...
Laird J R - - 1995
To date, coil embolization has been reserved for occlusion of the small patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) because of potential dislodgement of the coils. We report a case of a larger, hemodynamically significant PDA in an adult which was successfully closed by two spring coils using a "crossed catheter" technique for ...
Hammerman C - - 1995
This article presents a comprehensive review of the patent ductus arteriosus which so often affects the premature neonate. Included are a discussion of the unique anatomy and physiology of the ductus, a review of the mechanisms involved in normal closure, and factors leading to persistent patency. Various therapeutic options also ...
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