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Results 201 - 250 of 404
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Cartery Claire - - 2011
We report a case of a 75-year-old man who had been complaining of fever and pelvic pain for 3 weeks. First angio-computed tomography (CT) characteristics and blood culture led to suspicion of a pneumococcal-infected aortic aneurysm, which however was not confirmed by the surgeon. The abdominal infectious aortitis caused by Streptococcus ...
Singh P K - - 2010
Root canal treatment is performed routinely in dental practice, using sodium hypochlorite which serves as an effective irrigant. The literature reviewed shows that several complications following irrigation with sodium hypochlorite may occur, but few practitioners are aware of it and its management. Such complications include injury to skin, oral mucosa ...
Zach Victor - - 2012
Common carotid artery dissection (CCAD) is a rare and poorly characterized cause of ischemic stroke. We describe a case of multiple cerebral infarcts in a patient with CCAD initially detected by carotid duplex ultrasonography, and review the literature on CCAD. A Medline search from 1960 to the present for cases ...
Bain Gregory I - - 2010
Neurovascular complications have been reported from both plate osteosynthesis and intramedullary fixation of midshaft clavicle fractures. We wish to report a case of limb threatening ischemia from screw penetration of the axillary artery after plate osteosynthesis for a clavicle nonunion. A literature review of vascular trauma from midshaft clavicle fractures ...
Rusthoven Chad - - 2010
Primary malignant tumors of the aorta (PMTAs) are an extremely rare clinical entity. In most cases, the diagnosis is made either postmortem or late in the course of disease due to a low index of clinical suspicion and presenting symptoms that mimic far more common athero-embolic processes. Due to the ...
Turowski Carmen - - 2010
We report a newborn who presented with acute abdominal distension secondary to gastric ischaemia with an associated undiagnosed coarctation of the descending aorta. This is the first description of such a previously unrecognised association, which is discussed further with reference to the current literature.
Sakellaridis Timothy - - 2010
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is rare congenital cardiac defect defined as a complete loss of luminal and anatomical continuity between ascending and descending segments of the aorta. Usually it is detected in the perinatal period or during the first hours or days of infancy. If not treated surgically, it usually ...
Perheentupa Ulla - - 2010
Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection are rare causes of neurologic symptoms as well as of dysphagia. We report on a 58-year-old otherwise healthy male patient who presented with acute-onset intermittent dysphagia, mild dyspnea, and chest symptoms. He was referred to an emergency ENT unit for a suspected peritonsillar abscess but ...
Laohapensang Kamphol - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus suis is a common infection of pigs. Human infection is often related to accidental inoculation through skin injuries during occupational exposure to pigs and pork. The disease may present as meningitis, bacteremia, and less commonly endocarditis, arthritis, or bronchopneumonia. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature. RESULTS: ...
Keeling William Brent - - 2010
The treatment of Kommerell's diverticulum continues to evolve given advances in aortic surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass management, and endovascular techniques. This case report details the repair of a diverticulum of Kommerell in a Jehovah's witness with a right-sided aortic arch and reviews the surgical literature.
Aljaouni Soad K - - 2010
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a lineage-restricted hematopoietic growth factor. It induces proliferation and maturation of neutrophilic precursors and progenitors and activates neutrophil functions. It is used to ameliorate or prevent profound neutropenia and its consequences. G-CSF therapy in neutropenic disorders increases neutrophil count and improves infectious complications. However, it ...
Apostolakis Efstratios E - - 2010
We present an interesting case of a 53-year-old man with a non-patent ductus arteriosus erroneously diagnosed as acute thoracic aorta transection after a car accident. The aortography revealed a "rupture" of the linear inner curve of the aorta in the isthmus area, as well as a protrusion of the aortic ...
Gardner Glenn P - - 2010
We report a case of an elderly man admitted with abdominal pain and fever, 5 months after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair of a suspected inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm. He underwent successful explantation of an infected stent graft with suprarenal fixation following extra-anatomic revascularization. After a prolonged hospitalization, he was discharged ...
Zacharaki Ageliki A - - 2009
Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital cardiac entity. The recognition of QAV has clinical significance because QAV causes aortic valve dysfunction, commonly aortic regurgitation. QAV is often associated with other congenital cardiac abnormalities. Our case represents, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of QAV ...
Nicotera Saila P - - 2009
Intimal angiosarcoma is a most unexpected cause of aortic occlusion. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman with intimal angiosarcoma that manifested with the triad of congestive heart failure, acute renal failure, and abdominal angina. A review of the literature and discussion of postoperative outcomes follows.
León Luis R - - 2009
We reviewed all papers most recently reported in the literature related to infected arterial aneurysms (IAAs) affecting the aorta and vascular beds other than the aorta. In this article, we report on vascular beds other than the aorta. As is the case for aortic IAAs, infected non-aortic aneurysms are rarely ...
Seder Christopher W - - 2009
Clostridium septicum aortitis is a rare infection that has a strong association with occult colonic malignancy. To our knowledge, we report the 25th and 26th cases of C septicum aortitis in the English literature and make recommendations for its management. The first patient was a 75-year-old man who presented with ...
Teixeira Otto H P - - 2009
A 33-day-old female was admitted to hospital with the diagnosis of viral bronchiolitis. The physical examination performed after treatment with bronchodilators revealed a grade 2/6 systolic ejection murmur at the left upper sternal edge. The arterial pulses and blood pressure in all extremities were normal. The two-dimensional echocardiogram revealed a ...
Raeside Lavinia - - 2009
Coarctation is a constriction or narrowing of the aorta and presents most commonly within the first two weeks of life. This article reviews a case study of an infant diagnosed with coarctation of the aorta on day 8 of life. It includes an overview of the etiology, clinical presentation, and ...
Brylka Douglas - - 2009
Fewer than 140 cases of aortic sarcoma have been reported with only 34 classified as angiosarcoma. These rare malignancies most often mimic aortoiliac occlusive or aneurysmal arteriosclerotic disease both clinically and on imaging studies, and the large majority are unexpected and diagnosed pathologically on a surgical specimen or at autopsy. ...
Eder Lihi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To report a patient with aortic regurgitation (AR) and aortitis, who failed to respond to multiple attempts at surgical replacement of the affected valve and adjacent aorta, and in whom a late diagnosis of spondyloarthritis (SpA) was made. The relevant literature on the association of SpA and aortitis is ...
Karadeniz Cakmak Guldeniz - - 2009
Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a fatal synergistic infectious disease with necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum and abdominal wall along with the scrotum and penis in men and vulva in women. An unpredictable case of FG two weeks after open hemorrhoidectomy in a previously healthy 55-year-old male is described. Full-thickness patchy ...
Brook Itzhak - - 2009
This review summarizes the microbiology, and antimicrobial management of mycotic aneurysm of the aorta (MAA) due to anaerobic bacteria. Anaerobic bacteria are an uncommon but important cause of MAA. Most cases of anaerobic MAA are caused anaerobic gram-negative bacilli (mostly B. fragilis group), Clostridium spp. (mostly Clostridium septicum, and Propionobacterium ...
Barcellos Christiano da Silveira de Cda - - 2008
We present the case of a patient with a descending aorta aneurysm rupture into the esophagus, which, after aortoplasty with Dacron tube interposition and suture of esophageal laceration, developed a pleural-esophagus fistula on the 3rd postoperative day. She needed re-intervention and intensive care, followed by adequate recovery. Considering this unusual ...
Soleimani Abbas - - 2008
Few cases of a floating thrombus in a normal aorta have been reported without other underlying reasons for the thrombus formation and its systemic embolic complications. We report a case in which a floating thrombus in the proximal aortic arch was detected after echocardiography and computed tomography angiography as an ...
Iwata Yusuke - - 2008
Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in children is classified according to the site of the obstruction into a supra-aortic type, valvular type, and subaortic type (subaortic stenosis). Subaortic stenosis, in turn, is classified into two major subtypes, i.e., a discrete type, which accounts for most cases and a tunnel type, ...
Natt R S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: A case of tracheopathia chondro-osteoplastica causing sub-glottic stenosis is described. STUDY DESIGN: Case report and literature review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 37-year-old man presented with a 15-year history of gradually worsening dyspnoea and stridor due to sub-glottic stenosis. His medical and radiographic records were reviewed. This patient's presentation, histopathological ...
Francia P - - 2008
Accessory pathways with slow and anterograde decremental conduction (Mahaim fibres) are responsible for a minority of atrioventricular reentrant tachycardias. While usually located along the tricuspid annulus, left-sided Mahaim fibres have been occasionally reported. We here report on a unique case of radiofrequency catheter ablation of a Mahaim pathway located at ...
Lynch Matthew J - - 2008
Coarctation of the aorta is one of the more common congenital cardiac defects accounting for between 5 and 10% of cases of congenital heart disease. It has traditionally been divided into infantile (pre-ductal) and adult (ductal) types. Prior to the development of surgical treatment for coarctation, the condition was associated ...
Di Guglielmo Matthew D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of aortic pseudoaneurysm in a child with a metallic bronchial stent. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit at a freestanding tertiary children's hospital. PATIENT: A 12-yr-old boy with a left mainstem bronchomalacia managed with a metallic stent presenting with bleeding ...
Aktas Can - - 2008
Acute aortic dissection is often a life-threatening event that usually presents as a sudden, severe, exquisitely painful, ripping sensation in the chest or back. There are a few reports of atypical findings or no pain in the literature. We report 2 patients with painless acute aortic dissection who presented to ...
Lee, Hsin-Ling
Abstract We present a case of 58-year-old woman with underlying diabetes mellitus, hepatitis C virus-related liver cirrhosis, and total hysterectomy for uterine myoma 11 moths ago, who was diagnosed ruptured aortic arch mycotic pseudoaneurysm after a certain period of survey for her unknown fever cause. After emergent surgery with prosthetic ...
Yi Shuang-Qin - - 2008
The authors report a rare variation of the absence of the celiac trunk in a Japanese cadaver, with the left gastric, splenic, common hepatic, and superior mesenteric arteries arising independently from the abdominal aorta in the routine dissection of a 95-year-old Japanese male cadaver. The incidence and developmental and clinical ...
Battaglia S - - 2008
Palmar and finger varicosities are quite frequent but rarely reported in the literature. They appear as subcutaneous bluish dilations but the symptomatology is often deceptive. Surgery is the most effective therapy. We present a typical case which emphasizes the role of color Doppler ultrasonography (US) in the diagnosis of palmar ...
Nasr Ahmed - - 2008
PURPOSE: Idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is a common surgical problem in infants, and pyloromyotomy is almost always successful in alleviating the obstruction. There are few reports in the literature that discuss recurrent pyloric stenosis as opposed to incomplete pyloromyotomy. We report 2 such babies with different cures. METHODS: The health ...
Bahler Clinton - - 2008
Combined idiopathic retroperitoneal-mediastinal fibrosis is rare. We report a case of mediastinal fibrosis that followed the onset of retroperitoneal fibrosis by six years. A 61-year-old asymptomatic woman was diagnosed with idiopathic mediastinal fibrosis in December of 2006 after discovering a 1.4 cm thick prevascular mass encasing the aortic arch. In ...
Nusair Maen - - 2008
Prompt diagnosis and management of aortic dissection are key to reduce patient morbidity and mortality; hence the need to a have a high index of suspicion for this condition. We believe it's important to report this case because it underscores the relationship between cocaine abuse and aortic dissection. In addition ...
Devbhandari Mohan P - - 2008
We report the case of a patient who underwent a redo surgery for a leaflet escape from a Bjork-Shiley tilting disc mitral prosthesis inserted 18 years previously. The escaped disc remained lodged in the thoracic aorta without any complication. She ultimately died of terminal heart failure 13 years after the ...
Kitzing Bjoern - - 2008
The lodgement of fish bones during ingestion is a common complaint and can mimic other medical conditions such as aortic dissection. In this case a non-English speaking 63-year-old Chinese man presented to the emergency department with chest pain and hypotension. Subsequent spiral computed tomography angiography ruled out aortic dissection but ...
Kamalakannan Desikan - - 2007
Acute aortic dissection is an uncommon but potentially catastrophic illness with high mortality. Significant advances in the understanding, diagnosis, and management have been made since the first reported case of aortic dissection 3 centuries ago. This comprehensive review discusses the pathophysiology, classification, clinical manifestations, early diagnosis, and management of this ...
Almashham Y - - 2008
Recanalization of a complete coarctation with isthmus occlusion was successfully accomplished in a 16-year-old patient using radiofrequency. This allowed the insertion and deployment of a covered stent to reestablish flow continuity across the isthmus. No complications were encountered. To the authors' knowledge this is the first case of radiofrequency use ...
Strigl S - - 2007
Marfan syndrome (MS) is a connective tissue disease involving the cardiovascular, ocular, and the musculoskeletal systems. MS has variable phenotypic expression and is most often diagnosed in adult life. Infantile-onset MS is rare and is associated with severe cardiovascular manifestations; there is an extremely high mortality during the first 2 ...
Dobbeleir J - - 2007
We report a unique case of chronic contained thoraco-abdominal aneurysm rupture presenting as a Grynfeltt lumbar hernia. A 79-year-old man presented with backpain and a bluish swelling in the left lumbar region in the presence of a non tender aortic aneurysm. CT scan confirmed contained rupture of a type IV ...
Telli Alpaslan - - 2007
Primary dissections of the abdominal aorta are rare and in most cases traumatic in origin. However, the natural history of isolated iatrogenic abdominal aortic dissection has not been well defined. This report describes a case of a 69-year-old patient with iatrogenic dissection of the abdominal aorta after arteriography and delayed ...
Dehqanzada Zia A - - 2007
Epithelioid angiosarcomas of the aorta are extremely rare neoplasms with only 26 previous reports in the literature. An extremely unusual case is reported of an aortic epithelioid angiosarcoma diagnosed in a 47-year-old man who was being evaluated for his rectal adenocarcinoma. This case prompted a review of literature for aortic ...
Holt Natalie F - - 2007
We report the case of a 42-year-old woman with aortic regurgitation discovered to be caused by a quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) diagnosed by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram. With improvements in echocardiographic imaging, the diagnosis of QAV is likely to be made more reliably in the future and should prompt close clinical ...
Otukesh Hasan - - 2007
The combination of hyperostosis and hyperphosphatemia is very rare. In this case report, we present a boy with a combination of diffuse hyperostosis and hyperphosphatemia. We evaluated most possible known causes of hyperphosphatemia and hyperostosis. He had normal renal function and serum parathormone level. Concerning some few similar cases, most ...
Farrugia Marie-Klaire - - 2007
The aim of our study was to review the management of stomal stenosis after the Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) procedure at our center, and to describe and assess the early outcomes of 2 novel procedures used in the management of conduit stenosis: Maceoscopy and the rendez-vous. We retrospectively reviewed ...
Agarwal Vijay - - 2007
We present a case report and review of the literature on a giant ascending aortic aneurysm in a previously asymptomatic and healthy 40-year-old male patient who presented in extremis and had a successful emergency surgical repair. The need for early referral and surgery is stressed for better outcome. The review ...
Traboulsi Rana - - 2007
Toxocariasis, a common helminthozoonosis with a worldwide prevalence, usually manifests as 'visceral larva migrans' (VLM). Among its wide range of clinical presentations, large vessel thrombosis has never been described before. We report a case of aortic thrombosis caused by Toxocara canis infection in a young male who was successfully treated ...
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