Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 417
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >
Hallit Rabih Riad - - 2012
Tetanus is a neuromuscular disease in which Clostridium tetani exotoxin (tetanospasmin) produces muscle spasms incapacitating its host. To our knowledge, Clostridium tetani bacteremia has never been reported in the literature. The ideal management of this entity remains unresolved given that there is no literature to guide the therapy.
Cameron Jean-Christy F - - 2012
Cisapride is a gastrointestinal prokinetic that facilitates or restores motility along the entire gastrointestinal tract. It has been used successfully to treat acute and chronic intestinal pseudo-obstructions (CIPs) in adults, but there is a paucity of literature surrounding the treatment of CIP in pediatric patients and therapies for CIP are ...
Carrero Juan Jesús - - 2012
Testosterone deficiency or hypogonadism is a common finding in men undergoing dialysis, to a great extent a consequence of the failing kidney per se. Testosterone restoration in hypogonadism is common practice among endocrinologists. However, there is currently little awareness of this condition among both uremic patients and nephrologists, and in ...
Khan Khurum H - - 2012
Sunitinib is one of the standard targeted therapies used in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. It is generally a reasonably tolerated oral systemic therapy but can be occasionally associated with life-threatening toxicities. We present a case of reversible posterior encephalopathy, which is a rare but recognised side effect of the treatment.
Savaş Bozbaş Serife - - 2012
Isolated pulmonary vein atresia without associated congenital malformation is a very rare condition in adults. It is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Recurrent pulmonary infections, dyspnea on exertion and hemoptysis may be the presenting complaints. Owing to the limited number of patients with this condition there may be some ...
Khalatbari Mahmoud Reza - - 2012
Discal (intraspinal extradural) cysts which communicate with intervertebral disk are uncommon cause of lumbar radiculopathy, especially in pediatric patients. Only three pediatric cases have been reported in the literature. A 15-year-old boy presented with acute onset left-sided S1 radiculopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine revealed a well-defined round ...
Young Adam M H - - 2012
The hypothesis that alterations in hormone levels can impact on subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is rapidly gaining momentum. Specifically, the concept that post-menopausal women are more susceptible to the condition has convinced many of the protective roles of estrogen and progesterone. Here we review the mechanisms of their actions and the ...
Jurecka Agnieszka A Department of Medical Genetics, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland. - - 2012
Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is a treatment modality available for several of the lysosomal storage diseases including mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II). We report a series of patients with MPS II (n = 5, age range at the start of ERT 11-21 years, median 15 years) and the effects of ...
Li Jinyue - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A previously healthy 4-year-old boy presented to the emergency department at the Children's Hospital of Alabama with pneumonia caused by Pneumococcus infection and rapid progression to circulatory collapse. He was described as previously healthy except for being a "picky eater" and has been taking Megace (megestrol acetate) as an ...
Tofighi Babak - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Since 2004, a new wave of synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) known as "Spice drugs" has come under scrutiny because of their suspected link to neurological and psychiatric sequelae. These "herbal incense" or "potpourri blends" have gained popularity as a result of being more potent than natural cannabinoids, are not detected ...
Omrani Hossein Ghelichnia - - 2012
Urbach-Wiethe disease (UWD) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by both neurological and dermatological manifestations. Face specially eyelids are commonly involved. Alopecia, nail dystrophy and dental anomalies have been reported as less frequent symptoms. Some patients show evidences of epilepsy and psychiatric symptoms such as schizophrenia, mood disorders, and anxiety ...
Coras Roland - - 2012
Purpose:  An International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) consensus classification system for focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) has been published in 2011 specifying clinicopathologic FCD variants. The aim of the present work was to microscopically assess interobserver agreement and intraobserver reproducibility for FCD categories among an international group of neuropathologists with different ...
Sakakibara Eisuke - - 2012
Postictal psychoses are common comorbid conditions of temporal lobe epilepsy and are reported to be characterized by affective changes. However, postictal psychoses are rare among patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy, and the causal relationship between postictal psychoses and idiopathic generalized epilepsy is unknown. Here, we report the case of a ...
Watson Eloise - - 2012
Reading epilepsy is a rare type of reflex epilepsy. The seizures often comprise facial twitching and alexia, but can be difficult to recognise and mistaken for non-epileptic events. Previous reports have identified reading of printed text, television and computer screens as inducing seizures, but hand-held digital media have not been ...
Bredski Joanna - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Seizure threshold in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is defined as the smallest dose of electrical stimulus that produces a generalized seizure of at least 25 to 30 seconds as recorded by electroencephalography. Seizure thresholds vary considerably, with some patients demonstrating an exceptionally high initial seizure threshold. This case report describes ...
Striano Salvatore - - 2012
Hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) can be associated with a wide spectrum of epileptic conditions, ranging from a mild form with seizures characterized by urge to laugh and no cognitive involvement up to a catastrophic encephalopathy with early onset gelastic seizures (GS), precocious puberty, and mental retardation. Moreover, a refractory, either focal ...
Huang Changbao - - 2012
Paraquat (PQ) is a potent toxicant for humans, and poisoning with PQ is associated with high mortality. Patients with severe PQ-induced poisoning may die of multiple organ failure involving the circulatory and respiratory systems. Death resulting from epilepsy-like convulsions, which are infrequently noted reported with PQ poisoning, is observed clinically ...
Pietrangiolillo Zaira - - 2012
Snakebites in Italy are a rare source of severe medical condition, except in case of venomous snakes. The venom causes both local and/or systemic complication which may determine death in 6-60 hours, particularly in children and the elderly. In fact, the same amount of venom affects children more severely than ...
Kuba Robert - - 2012
We identified two patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, from whom intracranial EEG recordings were obtained at the time of postictal psychosis. Both patients had mesial temporal epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis. In both patients, the postictal psychosis was associated with a continual "epileptiform" EEG pattern that differed from ...
Desai Atman - - 2012
Intracranial electroencephalography monitoring of the insula is an important tool in the investigation of the insula in medically intractable epilepsy and has been shown to be safe and reliable. Several methods of placing electrodes for insular coverage have been reported and include open craniotomy as well as stereotactic orthogonal and ...
Lee Min-Joo - - 2012
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare, poorly understood, autoimmune disease characterized by symptoms of acute or subacute encephalopathy associated with increased anti-thyroid antibody levels. Here, we report a case of a 14-year-old girl with HE and briefly review the literature. The patient presented with acute mental changes and seizures, but ...
Hoepner Robert - - 2012
Positive autoscopic phenomena - autoscopy, heautoscopy and out-of-body experience - may occur in a variety of diseases and also in physiological conditions. They are a rare but probably underreported phenomenon in focal epilepsies. Here, we investigate whether ictal lateralized autoscopic phenomena give lateralizing information about the underlying epileptic focus. We ...
Auvin Stéphane S APHP, Hôpital Robert Debré, Service de Neurologie Pédiatrique, Paris, France. - - 2012
Myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (MEI) is a primary generalized epilepsy. According to the literature, the outcome of MEI is usually benign. Here we report a patient who developed myoclonic astatic epilepsy at age four, having been seizure free without antiepileptic drug treatment for 2 years after his recovery from MEI. ...
Zhang Wei W Department of General Surgery, Changzheng Hospital Affiliated to Second Military Medical Hospital, Shanghai, - - 2012
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) is a life-threatening complication of gastrointestinal diseases. There is a large variety of uncommon reasons which contribute to UGB and might become reasons for misdiagnosis and sometimes lead to fatal consequences. In this review, clinical characteristics of uncommon causes of UGB reported in the Chinese literature ...
Sutton Gary - - 2012
JOSPT offers invited reviews of current titles. The October 2012 column includes 5 reviews of the following books: Physical Therapy Management of Low Back Pain: A Case-Based Approach; Kinesiology Taping: Fundamentals; Therapeutic Exercise: From Theory to Practice; Orthopaedic Manual Therapy Diagnosis: Spine and Temporomandibular Joints; and Pocket Orthopaedics: Evidence-Based Survival ...
Arrivi Alessio - - 2012
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a very rare disease, associated with high mortality rate, whose etiology and pathogenesis are poorly understood. Its sporadic nature and the varied angiographic extent make firm recommendations regarding revascularization impossible. The case described is that of a young, otherwise healthy woman, without a known ...
Kaplan Meg S - - 2012
Background: Sexual offenders continue to occupy the public's attention; a significant proportion of this population is diagnosed with paraphilias. Cognitivebehavioral treatment has been the mainstay of treatment for sex offenders and for the paraphilias for the past three decades. This article will review the history of cognitivebehavioral therapy, its techniques, ...
Amy Ford Turner - - 2012
Lobular capillary hemangiomas (LCH) have been cited in the literature as a rare potential cause for recurrent hemoptysis. They are mostly associated with cutaneous and mucosal surfaces. Rarely do they affect the trachea and associated airways in adults. Lobular capillary hemangiomas can be associated with previous trauma to the airway; ...
Abtahi Mohammad-Ali - - 2012
Topiramate (TPM) is a sulfa-derivative monosaccharide that is used mainly for treating epilepsy and preventing migraine. Within the gamut of side effects attributable to this drug, ophthalmologic manifestations are of crucial importance. In this study, for the first time, the aim was to provide a systematic literature review regarding this ...
Hedna Vishnumurthy Shushrutha - - 2012
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare and potentially devastating condition leading to prolonged morbidity and even death. We report an 18-year-old female presenting with an acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis and subsequent endovascular therapy (ET) with excellent results followed by chronic treatment with immunosuppressants after a formal diagnosis ...
Mulay Kaustubh - - 2012
Ocular involvement by plasmablastic lymphoma is extremely rare with very few reports in the literature. Its morphological and immunological resemblance to plasma cell myeloma makes it a diagnostic challenge, while its clinical course, which is characterized by recurrence and death, makes therapy a challenge for clinicians. We present three cases ...
Nandan Devki - - 2012
We herein report an 18-months-old child who presented with high-grade fever, cough, and breathlessness along with tachypnoea and diminished air entry on the left side of the chest, in which a diagnosis of left-sided pleural effusion was made. Salmonella typhi was isolated from the pleural tap culture. The patient had ...
Haubner Frank - - 2012
Radiation therapy is an established modality in the treatment of head and neck cancer patients. Compromised wound healing in irradiated tissues is a common and challenging clinical problem. The pathophysiology and underlying cellular mechanisms including the complex interaction of cytokines and growth factors are still not understood completely. In this ...
Salvini Alessandro - - 2012
Starting from the critical review of various motivational frameworks of change that have been applied to the study of eating disorders, the present paper provides an alternative conceptualization of the change in psychotherapy presenting a single-case study. We analyzed six psychotherapeutic conversations with a bulimic patient and found out narratives ...
Keeling Lisa L Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, - - 2012
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is an uncommon malignant neoplasm arising from primitive pluripotential mesenchyme primarily affecting the soft tissues of the extremities. Rarely other locations are involved, including the mediastinum. After treatment for mediastinal SS by surgical resection, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, an 11-year-old boy developed an esophageal stricture and fistula, ...
Granata F - - 2011
Non-traumatic intradiploic arachnoid cyst is a rare condition. We describe a young man with typical trigeminal neuralgia and intradiploic arachnoid cyst at the greater wing of the sphenoid. The patient was successfully treated with medical therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a possible correlation between ...
Korula Pritish John - - 2011
Abstract We describe a case with transient cortical blindness after trauma with no obvious structural damage to the vertebral artery in the presence of a C2 spondylolisthesis. A patient complaining of blindness in a setting of polytrauma should always alert the possibility of a cervical spine injury with vertebral artery ...
Manzini Cu - - 2011
Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) is a rare disease characterized by symmetrical thickness and hardening of the skin, especially localized to forearms and thorax, with eosinophilia. Corticosteroids represent the first-line therapy, even if some patients are scarcely responsive and/or may develop important side effects due to long-term treatment. Here, we describe three ...
Kim Youn Jeong - - 2012
Osteosarcomas usually occur as secondary tumors after radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Without a history of irradiation to the head and neck area, primary osteosarcoma of the turbinate is extremely rare. We report here a rare case of primary turbinate osteosarcoma presenting as a relatively small, well-circumscribed, turbinate mass. Its appearance ...
Liang Mike K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Duplication of the vas deferens is the identification of a second vas deferens within the spermatic cord; it is a rarely reported congenital anomaly. Duplicate vas deferens should not be confused with double vas deferens that describes ipsilateral renal agenesis with a blind ureter ending in the ejaculatory system. ...
Hegedus Eric J - - 2011
Studies detailing the neurophysiological effects of spinal manual therapy have fueled a paradigm shift away from a strict biomechanical model. However, a recent systematic review of the temporal nature of a single session of spinal thrust manipulation found that the neurophysiological effects were only temporary. The objective of this review ...
Alam M - - 2011
Background:  Submissions to medical and scientific journals are vetted by peer review, but peer review itself has been poorly studied until recently. One concern has been that manuscript reviews in which the reviewer is unblinded (e.g., knows author identity) may be biased, with an increased likelihood that the evaluation will ...
Kurien M - - 2011
Background:In an emergency, the non-availability of a conventional paediatric tracheostomy tube is a therapeutic challenge for the attending surgeon.Objective:To describe a simple alternative to a paediatric tracheostomy tube for use in an emergency situation.Method:Case report of a 14-year-old boy who developed tracheomalacia following partial cricotracheal resection for subglottic stenosis. As ...
Duggan Laura V - - 2011
An airway exchange catheter (AEC) may be employed as a conduit for endotracheal tube placement and for oxygen insufflation or jet ventilation via its lumen. The recent barotrauma-related death of a young healthy patient receiving oxygen insufflated through an AEC prompted the Chief Coroner of Ontario to seek guidelines regarding ...
El Toukhy Mohamed - - 2011
Diarrhea is one of the commonest complication following coeliac plexus ablative procedures. It is believed to occur due to inadvertent chemical sympathectomy by the block. For the majority of patients, complications are temporary and self limited. Unfortunately few cases of refractory diarrhea have been reported and some of them proved ...
Hermus Joris P S - - 2011
Avascular necrosis of the talus is a well-documented complication following fractures, although less is known about this complication following reconstructive foot and ankle surgery. Knowledge of the blood supply of the talus is necessary for surgical dissection of the talus, especially when the approach traverses the sinus tarsi. In this ...
Janow Ginger L - - 2011
Wasabi nose, a term used to describe the nasopharyngeal discomfort experienced during cyclophosphamide infusions, is a rare phenomenon, previously described in case reports of adult oncology patients typically receiving high-dose chemotherapy regimens. The underlying mechanism by which this phenomenon occurs is unknown. We report four cases of children with rheumatic ...
Abraham George E GE - - 2011
Flexible bronchoscopy is a common and safe outpatient procedure, with complications arising in less than 1% of cases. The case presented herein details the occurrence of pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, pneumoperitoneum, interstitial lung emphysema and subcutaneous emphysema during flexible bronchoscopy. Although these complications have been reported individually in various circumstances, they have ...
Useros Rodríguez Eduardo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report one case of intrapyelic loop of a guide wire during double J catheter insertion. METHODS: We report the case of a 24 year-old female, with the diagnosis obstructive uropathy secondary to pelvic tumor who required double J catheter insertion for urinary diversion. A loop of the guide ...
Tumialán Luis M - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Case Report.Objective: To review the management of a patient with progressive osteolysis of the vertebral body after undergoing cervical arthroplasty for management of a refractory radiculopathy.Summary of Background Data. Since the Food and Drug Administration's approval of cervical arthroplasty devices in 2007, many surgeons have incorporated this ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >