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Levine George - - 2013
A rare phenomenon, the extraoral traumatic penetration of a foreign body into the lumen of the parotid duct, is described. The ensuing obstructive symptomatology and its diagnostic approach and therapy are reviewed.
Agarwal A - - 2013
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is uncommon and therapeutically challenging. Its treatment remains poorly characterised due to limited individual centre or practitioner experience. No large series are reported since 2003, yet IBD treatment has changed substantially. To provide an up-to-date review of the published treatment efficacy of ...
Piciu Doina - - 2013
Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare malignant endocrine tumor accounting for only 0.5% to 5% of all primary hyperparathyroidism. Among these malignancies, only 10-25% are nonfunctioning. After the review of the literature we could only ascertain a number of 25 cases reported worldwide, since 1929, our case being the 26th, but ...
Mercer Joshua M - - 2013
Background:Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare dermatosis of unknown etiology. Most cases of PRP are sporadic; however, rare cases of familial PRP have been reported.Objectives:To present a case of PRP inherited in an autosomal dominant (AD) fashion and to evaluate the current literature on familial PRP and formulate a ...
Madhubashini M - - 2013
Rat bite fever is a rare infection and sometimes results in complications. This case report describes native mitral valve endocarditis in a 44-year-old male patient caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis. The diagnosis was confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography and blood cultures (BACTEC). The patient was treated with IV crystalline penicillin (6 weeks) and ...
Khan Muhammad Faisal - - 2013
Management of status asthmaticus requires more than guidelines-guided therapy. Occasionally, uncommon therapeutic interventions and procedures may provide significant benefits. The role of bronchoscopy in fatal asthma is still not clearly defined. We illustrate two cases of severe status asthmaticus on mechanical ventilation who showed remarkable improvement after therapeutic bronchoscopy.
Cabrera Kang Christian M - - 2013
Treatment options of the patient with dizziness include medication, rehabilitation with physical therapy, surgery, counseling, and reassurance. Here the authors discuss vestibular rehabilitation for patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), unilateral vestibular loss or hypofunction, and bilateral vestibular loss/hypofunction. They describe the different mechanisms for recovery with vestibular rehabilitation, ...
Park Junsik J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, - - 2013
Allogenic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (Allo-PBSCT) is being used to treat hematological malignancies with increasing frequency. Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is a complex complication of PBSCT. A 43-year-old woman came to the gynecology clinic for amenorrhea. She had been diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia 2 years earlier and treated with ...
Guedes-Barbosa Luiz Sergio - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of 4 new cases of leishmaniasis in patients receiving anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (anti-TNF) agents and review the pertinent literature. METHODS: Chart review of the 4 cases and MEDLINE search for additional reported cases. RESULTS: All reported cases, including ours, came from endemic areas. The infection ...
Sasaki Y - - 2013
Meningitis caused by enteric flora is a known complication of strongyloidiasis, and human T-lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) predisposes individuals to severe strongyloidiasis. We reviewed the clinical features of bacterial meningitis associated with strongyloidiasis seen at a single center in subtropical Japan, in an area endemic for both strongyloidiasis and HTLV-1. We ...
Lin Yu-San - - 2013
Necrotizing fasciitis caused by Vibrio vulnificus is rarely reported in children. We describe a 12-year-old immunocompetent boy with necrotizing fasciitis caused by V. vulnificus. He was cured by radical and serial debridement and salvage therapy with intravenous cefpirome plus tigecycline. The in vitro antibacterial activity of combination regimens and a literature ...
Kleinerman Rebecca - - 2013
Mitomycin C (MMC) is an antineoplastic antibiotic that has been used off-label in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids. Herein we report our successful use of this agent in a patient with sternal keloids refractory to other means of therapy. We further review the literature regarding the use of ...
Zhang Isabella - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We describe a 53-year-old man who presented with a painless neck mass and underwent a resection that identified the tumor as a low-grade chondrosarcoma of the hyoid bone. We reviewed the literature for diagnosis and management options of this exceptionally rare diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted a search of the ...
Brantingham James W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to complete a systematic review of manual and manipulative therapy (MMT) for common upper extremity pain and disorders including the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the Cumulative Index of Nursing Allied Health Literature, PubMed, Manual, Alternative, and Natural ...
Tu Jenny - - 2013
Biological therapy with tumour necrosis factor alpha antibodies continues to offer a life-changing option for a range of autoimmune and inflammatory skin conditions. We present three cases of sarcoidosis, with refractory cutaneous disease successfully treated with infliximab. A review of the literature shows increased numbers of cases of refractory cutaneous ...
Bennett Sally - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. We sought to identify and describe the number, topics, and publishing trends of systematic reviews relevant to occupational therapy indexed in the OTseeker database. METHOD. We performed a cross-sectional survey of the systematic reviews contained in OTseeker in December 2011. RESULTS. Of the 1,940 systematic reviews indexed in OTseeker, ...
Arbesman Marian - - 2013
Systematic reviews of the literature relevant to older adults with low vision are important to the practice of occupational therapy. This article describes the four questions that served as the focus for the systematic reviews of the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for older adults with low vision. We describe ...
Chowdhury Qamruzzaman - - 2013
Primary adenocarcinoma of the trachea is extremely rare and a standard treatment does not exist due to nonavailability of evidence-based randomized control studies. This paper reports the case of a 60-year-old male, who presented with cough and occasional respiratory distress. Bronchoscopic examination and a computed tomography scan revealed a soft ...
Caiazzo Paolo - - 2013
We herein report a case of megacolon with fecaloma in an 83-year-old man who presented with constipation, no intestinal occlusion, and a left hydroureteronephrosis, with A.S.A. 4. The patient asymptomatic, was treated Primariely with laxatives. During the conservative therapy the patient presented an abrupt abdominal distension with a bowel obstruction ...
Hansford Jordan R - - 2013
Bacillus cereus can cause serious infections in immunosuppressed patients. This population may be susceptible to B. cereus pneumonia, bacteremia, cellulitis, and rarely cerebral abscess. Here we report an 8-year-old boy undergoing induction therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia who developed multifocal B. cereus cerebral abscesses, highlighting the propensity for B. cereus ...
Bitik Berivan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an uncommon neurologic condition characterised by the segmental involvement of the spinal cord. Although its etiology is unknown, a well established list of associations have been described, many items of which point towards an autoimmune and vasculitic process. TM is also a rare complication of ...
Gupta Anurag - - 2013
Infratentorial subdural empyema is an extremely rare condition which unfortunately mimics pyogenic meningitis in 75% of cases. While an ill-planned lumbar puncture in these cases may be fatal, an inadvertent delay in treatment may be detrimental to the outcome for the patient. We present a case of a young boy ...
Mortier Philippe - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients with intracranial metallic objects. Theoretically, electric current might cause heating of the metal and damage of the surrounding brain tissue. Moreover, intracranial foreign objects increase the risk for epileptic phenomena and could thus complicate the treatment course. ...
Bogani Giorgio - - 2013
: Mammary-like vulvar carcinoma represents an extremely rare disease. Here, the authors report a case of mammary-like ductal carcinoma of the vulva. A 71-year-old woman affected by stage T2N1M0 mammary-like vulvar carcinoma underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy, radical vulvectomy, and adjuvant antioestrogen hormone therapy. The patient is alive, 24 months after surgery, ...
Routhier Sonia - - 2013
Primary progressive aphasia is a neurodegenerative condition characterised by a progressive and isolated disorder of expressive language, associated with atrophy of the left posterior frontoinsular region (nonfluent/agrammatic variant) or with atrophy of the left temporoparietal junction area (logopenic variant). This literature review reports studies about language therapies for these two ...
Ward Ian M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a potentially life-threatening autoimmune disease causing demyelination of peripheral nerves. Multiple variants of GBS exist, with acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN) being the most severe. GBS typically does not occur in the setting of other autoimmune diseases; however, few case reports do exist ...
Vleeschouwers W - - 2013
A 17-year-old female patient presented with the clinical features of an acute appendicitis. During laparoscopic exploration a macroscopically normal appendix was found. Since there were no intra-abdominal abnormalities found, the appendix was resected. Anatomopathology demonstrated Enterobius vermicularis, a pinworm infecting only humans, and mostly living in the caecum. This parasite ...
Muñoz-Egea María-Carmen MC Department of Clinical Microbiology, IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain. - - 2013
We present the first two cases of Kingella kingae keratitis in adults. This species is a rare isolate from ophthalmic samples for which final identification was obtained with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. One of the patients recovered uneventfully with topical therapy. Results from the second patient ...
Elsaesser Theodore F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Small-volume boluses of intravenous hypertonic saline are the recommended therapy for exercise-associated hyponatremic encephalopathy (EAHE). Failure to properly diagnose and treat EAHE has been associated with significant morbidity and death. To prevent this, current consensus statement guidelines recommend up to three 100-mL boluses of 3% NaCl spaced at 10-min ...
Wall Peter D H PD Warwick Orthopaedics, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been identified as a common cause of hip pain in young adults. However, it is not known whether an effective nonoperative treatment exists and whether there is any evidence to support such a treatment. The purpose of this review is to establish whether nonoperative treatments exist ...
Ergene Ulku - - 2013
Imatinib mesylate selectively inhibits bcr/abl and other non-specific tyrosine kinases, such as c-kit and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor and successfully used to treat chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). In most cases, the drug is well tolerated: however, side effects can be seen. Hair loss and paronychia inflammation were often ...
Lai Ying-Ta - - 2013
Laryngeal chondromas are uncommon, benign, slow-growing neoplasms with few reports in the literature. Vocal fold chondromas are even more rare, and all reported cases are unilateral. Here, we present the first case of bilateral vocal fold chondromas. Detailed evaluation, careful resection with phonomicrosurgery technique, and perioperative voice therapy are considered ...
Crnjac Anton - - 2013
Thoracobiliary fistulas are pathological communications between the biliary tract and the bronchial tree (bronchobiliary fistulas) or the biliary tract and the pleural space (pleurobiliary fistulas). We have reviewed aetiology, pathogenesis, predilection formation points, the clinical picture, diagnostic possibilities, and therapeutic options for thoracobiliary fistulas. A patient with an iatrogenic bronchobiliary ...
Chung Eric - - 2013
In recent years, penile traction therapy (PTT) has gained considerable interest as a novel nonsurgical treatment option for men with Peyronie's disease (PD) and short penises. The current published literature suggests that selected cases of PD may benefit from a conservative approach with PTT, resulting in increased penile length and ...
Paquereau J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate from the literature, the evidence of comparative efficiency of non-surgical treatments (orthotics or head repositioning therapy) in posterior positional plagiocephaly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic review from scientific articles (original cohort studies and review of literature), published in French or in English, searched on five online literature data bases, ...
Wang Shwu-Meei - - 2013
We report a case of a male newborn with Schimmelpenning syndrome, which presented as diffuse sebaceous nevi covering the left side of the body, from the lower chin midface to the lower leg; cardiac-ocular comorbidities were also present. We present photographs of this patient's sebaceous nevi, which may assist physicians ...
Liff Jeremy M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 50-year-old man who exhibited transient left hemiparesis (Todd's paralysis) after electroconvulsive therapy, which completely resolved within 10 minutes. Subsequent neurological evaluation was unremarkable for discrete etiologies for this event, other than Todd's paralysis. We review the literature of this phenomenon in association with ...
Papakonstantinou Evangelia - - 2013
Splenosis is a common benign condition that occurs after splenic rupture via trauma or surgery. The mechanism behind splenic cell autotransplantation begins with the splenic rupture, either from trauma or surgical removal. Splenosis is usually found incidentally and, unless symptomatic, surgical therapy is not indicated. Subcutaneous splenosis is an extremely ...
Akyay Arzu - - 2013
We present two patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia (FAB AML-M7 and AML-M2) complicated by hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and relevant literature review. To our knowledge, our first case is the first and youngest patient having AML-M7 associated with HLH reported in the literature. Our cases and cases in the literature highlight ...
Murthy Somasheila I - - 2013
We report a rare case of a deep stromal keratitis with a chronic indolent course, diagnosed as microsporidial keratitis from corneal scrapings. The patient's condition worsened despite medical therapy and penetrating keratoplasty was performed. The histopathology of the corneal tissue revealed multiple microsporidial spores in the posterior stroma and the ...
Terr Lenore C - - 2013
This review begins with the question "What is childhood trauma?" Diagnosis is discussed next, and then the article focuses on treatment, using 3 basic principles-abreaction, context, and correction. Treatment modalities and complications are discussed, with case vignettes presented throughout to illustrate. Suggestions are provided for the psychiatrist to manage countertransference ...
Huang Andrew T - - 2013
To present our experience with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) seeding of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) sites and to review all reported cases to identify risk factors and develop strategies for complication avoidance. The records of 4 patients with PEG site metastasis from HNSCC were identified from the ...
Eddi Rodney - - 2013
Radiation proctitis is a frequent complication of pelvic radiation for cancer. This condition can present acutely within several weeks of radiation, or chronically many months or years after radiation, leading to rectal bleeding and transfusion-dependent anemia. Various medical and endoscopic therapies have been described to treat this condition; however, some ...
Meyer S - - 2013
A high prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has been documented in children with chronic illnesses. Conversely, evidence-based medicine is considered an important contributor in providing the best quality of care. We performed a systematic overview/synthesis of all Cochrane reviews published between 1995 and 2012 in paediatrics that ...
Ellis Carolyn - - 2013
Notalgia paresthetica (NP) is a very common, under-recognized condition characterized by pruritus in a unilateral, dermatomal distribution in the mid-back. Chronic pruritus is sometimes accompanied by pain, paresthesias, or altered sensation to touch. To review the current literature with regards to the cause of NP and its most appropriate treatment. ...
Watanabe Kimio - - 2013
A 75-year-old woman presented with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis with positive results for anti-myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA). Corticosteroid therapy was successfully introduced. However, 7 months later, magnetic resonance imaging revealed marked swelling in the falx cerebri and high density regions were apparent on gallium scintigraphy, leading to diagnosis of hypertrophic ...
Gupta Kailash - - 2013
A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers whose efforts often go unrecognized. AIDS Research and Therapy has been blessed by the support of highly qualified peer reviewers and would like to show its appreciation by thanking the following for their assistance ...
Zhu Hong-Da - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, prognosis, pathology, and differential diagnosis of LPM by analyzing our experience and reviewed relevant literature. We also postulated the necessity of postoperative adjuvant therapy. Methods: 19 patients with LPM underwent surgical treatment from 2007 through 2010 in our department. The clinical charts of the ...
Nagakawa Hiroyasu - - 2013
 A 50-year-old man with chronic renal failure (hemodialysis treatment) and interstitial pneumonia (IP) was referred to our hospital for exacerbation of IP. We immediately administered a mechanical ventilation, broad spectrum antibiotics, steroid pulse therapy, and endoxan pulse therapy in the intensive care unit, but alveolar opacities became worse. Subsequently, an ...
Neumayr Andreas - - 2013
Bone involvement in human cystic echinococcosis (CE) is rare, but affects the spine in approximately 50% of cases. Despite significant advances in diagnostic imaging techniques, surgical treatment and introduction of pharmacological therapy, spinal echinococcosis remains associated with a high degree of morbidity, disability and mortality. We systematically reviewed the published ...
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