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Kraft Roverea Rodrigo - - 2014
We report a case of a 54-year-old female with progressive chronic pain in lower extremity, paraplegia and loss of function of the anal sphincter. MRI revealed an expansive solid intradural and intramedullar lesion located at the T6 to T9 levels. Histology of the lesion showed melanocytes with the results of ...
He Hong-Lin HL Department of Pathology, E-DA Hospital, I-Shou University Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Medulloblastoma, a malignant, invasive embryonal tumor of the cerebellum, occurs most often in children. It has high metastatic potential and is usually treated by aggressive multimodal therapy, including surgery, chemotherapy and craniospinal irradiation. Multiple secondary tumors have been reported following craniospinal irradiation. It is rare with the occurrence of oligodendroglioma ...
Awad Al-Wala AW University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ 85004, - - 2014
Pediatric cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a common sequelae of infection, coagulopathies, and dehydration in the pediatric population. Acute posttraumatic CVT is an uncommon etiology of pediatric CVT that presents a unique management challenge. There are no established guidelines outlining the treatment of this small subset of patients. We present ...
Tammaro Antonella A NESMOS Department, UOC Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, University of Rome "Sapienza", 00189 Rome, - - 2014
We report the case of cutaneous sarcoidosis of lichenoid type successfully treated with pimecrolimus. For the first time in the literature, we propose the use of this topical calcineurin inhibitor for the treatment of the cases refractory to common therapy regimens.
Mohammad Farhan F Department of Medicine/Hematology-Oncology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, New York, - - 2014
With the introduction of potent immunosuppressive and chemotherapeutic medications for various diseases, there is an increased incidence of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms. They are the result of mutational rearrangement and historically, have a grave prognosis compared with de novo myeloid neoplasms. We did a short review on various types of myeloid ...
Scheinfeld Noah N Weil Cornell Medical - - 2014
Dissecting cellulitis (DC) also referred to as to as perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens (Hoffman) manifests with perifollicular pustules, nodules, abscesses and sinuses that evolve into scarring alopecia. In the U.S., it predominantly occurs in African American men between 20-40 years of age. DC also occurs in other races and ...
Bassett Parker P Department of Surgery, St. Barnabas Hospital, Bronx, NY, USA - - 2014
Primary leiomyosarcoma is a disease with <50 documented cases in the literature worldwide. The standard of care for these tumors has not been established. Physicians who have seen these cases in the past have used wide local excision with or without adjunctive chemo-radiation therapy. We review the literature concerning the ...
Stephens Nicholas A NA Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Spontaneous esophageal dissection is a rare disorder of the esophagus. Case Description: We present what is believed to be the first reported case of recurrent esophageal dissection in a previously healthy 33-year-old man with chronic eosinophilic esophagitis. He had two episodes of spontaneous dissection of the midesophagus separated by a ...
Waingankar Nikhil N The Arthur Smith Institute for Urology, Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, New Hyde Park, - - 2014
Calyceal diverticula are rare outpouchings of the upper collecting system that likely have a congenital origin. Stones can be found in up to 50% of calyceal diverticula, although, over the combined reported series, 96% of patients presented with stones. Diagnosis is best made by intravenous urography or computed tomography urogram. ...
Alfuriji Samah S College of Dentistry, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Objectives. This review aims to evaluate the effect of orthodontic therapy on periodontal health. Data. Original articles that reported on the effect of orthodontic therapy on periodontal health were included. The reference lists of potentially relevant review articles were also sought. Sources. A literature search was conducted using the databases, ...
Dusilova Sulkova Sylvie S Hemodialysis Centre, University Hospital Hradec Kralové, Czech Republic; Department of Internal Medicine II, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital, Hradec Králové, Czech - - 2014
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody representing a novel therapy of osteoporosis. Contrary to always other antiosteoporotic drugs, it is not contraindicated in advanced chronic kidney disease, as its pharmacokinetic does not differ from patients with normal kidney function. However, published case reports in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients stopped ...
Al-Minshawy Samir M - - 2014
Erythromelalgia is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by episodic erythema, warmth and intense burning pain, which commonly involves the extremities. For those affected, this disorder may lead to significant long-term morbidity. Unfortunately, to date, no definitive therapy is available. This case report describes an Egyptian child with primary erythromelalgia that ...
Sami Musa Basseer MB Epsom Community Mental Health Recovery Service, Surrey & Borders NHS Partnership Foundation Trust, Surrey, - - 2014
We describe a case of a man with chronic myeloid leukaemia who achieved remission through dasatinib therapy after being unable to tolerate several tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) regimens due to severe physical side effects. However, this coincided with the onset of distressing agitation, insomnia and motor restlessness leading him to ...
Wu Songdi S Department of Neurology, First Hospital of Xi'an, Xi'an 710002, Shaanxi, China. - - 2014
Dorsolateral medullary infarction (Wallenberg Syndrome) is rare in clinical practice; however, the subsequent corneal lesions are more uncommon. To our knowledge, only one such case was previously reported. We report a similar case with successful treatment and recovery, and analyse both cases to address the clinical features and outcomes of ...
Pulimamidi Shipali S Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ. Electronic address: - - 2013
Salmonella aortitis is a known complication of Salmonella infection that usually requires surgical therapy. It is unknown whether endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is an acceptable alternative to conventional aortic surgery for patients with Salmonella aortitis who are at high risk for perioperative complications. We therefore report two cases of Salmonella ...
Forst Darren D * Orthodontic Graduate Program, Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate in adolescents and young adults if jackscrew-based maxillary expansion therapies result in external root resorption as measured in vivo via any radiological method.Methods:The authors conducted a systematic search of several electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Evidence Based Medicine Reviews, LILACS) with the assistance of a senior ...
Hamann Carsten R CR Medical Student, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, - - 2013
Box jellyfish are highly venomous and numerous possible treatments for envenomation have already been reported in the published literature. The hand of a 55-year-old scuba diver was stung in the Gulf of Guinea resulting in two crops of coalescing vesicles with intense pain and lymphadenopathy. Traditional therapies such as hot ...
Zhao Barbara Hong - - 2013
Behçet's disease (BD) is a rare form of vasculitis in North America. Like other rare diseases, there is no high-quality evidence for biologic use beyond case reports/series, and thus, therapy remains controversial. We report on the case of a patient who failed to respond to conventional therapy with colchicine and ...
Canzi P P Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Pavia, IRCCS Policlinico "S. Matteo" Foundation, Pavia, - - 2013
Juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP) is the second most frequent salivary gland disease in childhood, defined as a recurrent non-suppurative and non-obstructive parotid inflammation. The recurring attacks actually represent the most dramatic and serious aspect of this pathology, since they significantly influence the quality of life, and there are no recognized ...
Cheatham Scott W SW California State University Dominquez Hills, Carson, CA, - - 2013
Meralgia Paresthetica (MP) is a nerve entrapment which may cause pain, paresthesias, and sensory loss within the distribution of the lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh. When the differential diagnosis of lateral or anterolateral thigh pain is inconclusive, MP should be considered as a potential source. MP produces similar signs ...
Hohman Marc H MH Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A; Facial Nerve Center, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
To evaluate the range and incidence of facial palsy etiologies in cases presenting to a tertiary facial nerve center, and to review the broad and evolving spectrum of diagnostic and management approaches to the condition. Retrospective chart review. Records of patients referred for facial weakness between 2003 and 2013 were ...
Luskin Marlise - - 2013
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) is a disease of older adults. Pediatric CLL/SLL is vanishingly rare in the literature. We present a case of CLL/SLL diagnosed in a 17-year-old male. The pathologic findings of this case were those of classic CLL/SLL with an ATM deletion, a characteristic genetic abnormality ...
Daraei Pedram P Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Upper lip avulsion after traumatic dog bite is a serious cause of facial disfigurement for which there is no consensus on management in the acute setting. This review was prompted by a case at our institution and is intended to display the available evidence in the management of the patient ...
Li Zhao-Jian ZJ Department of Neurosurgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao, - - 2013
Only four cases of primary intracerebellar paragangliomas have been reported in the literature to date. Because of its rarity, primary intracerebellar paraganglioma still presents a diagnostic challenge for both radiologists and neurosurgeons, and the optimal therapeutic modality is still debatable for its hypervascularity and location. We report a new 16-year-old ...
Steinmetz Sylvain - - 2013
In this literature review, we concentrate on epidemiology and therapy of osseous echinococcosis, with an emphasis on the recurrence risk. Literature review 1930-2012. We retrieved 200 publications based upon single case reports or case series, mostly from resource-poor settings. Among the 721 rural patients (22% females; median age 37 years), ...
Papoian Vardan - - 2013
Leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumor encountered in the sinus and skull base, and can be difficult to control. We present a case of an 83year old female with a recurrent sinonasal leiomyosarcoma. The tumor exhibited variable growth rates of recurrences in non-contiguous sites despite having obtained clear surgical margins and ...
Hawkins Melody - - 2013
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare condition that requires prompt diagnosis and initiation of treatment for optimal outcome. Treatment generally consists of surgical intervention and systemic antibiotics. We present 1 of the largest cohorts of nontuberculous pediatric SEA in the English literature, emphasizing the outcomes of conservative (ie, nonoperative) ...
Atkinson Evan M - - 2013
We present a case of facet joint infection (pyogenic facetitis) due to Eikenella corrodens, diagnosed by physical examination, radiography, positive blood cultures, and response to antibiotic therapy. E. corrodens is a very rare cause of spine infection. There are fewer than 20 such cases reported in the literature, only one ...
Brauer Jeremy A - - 2013
Connective tissue diseases (CTD), including lupus erythematosus (LE), scleroderma, sarcoidosis, and dermatomyositis, present with clinically unique cutaneous manifestations often resistant to conventional therapy. The use of lasers in the treatment of various dermatologic conditions continues to expand, presenting an opportunity for incorporation of another mechanism of action in the treatment ...
McKinstry Carol - - 2013
Scoping reviews are a method of identifying, locating, analysing and summarising relevant empirical literature and research findings on a nominated topic. A description of scoping reviews is provided with examples that have been published in the occupational therapy and related literature and outline of the uses of scoping reviews for ...
Chng Edwin - - 2013
Pituitary apoplexy is a rare medical emergency which results from hemorrhage or infarction in the pituitary gland. One of the predisposing factors is treatment with dopamine agonists, especially bromocriptine. We report a 20-year-old Chinese man with prolactinoma who developed pituitary apoplexy 6weeks after initiation of cabergoline. He was treated conservatively ...
Al Asmi Mona M - - 2013
Basidiobolomycosis is a rare fungal infection caused by basidiobolus ranarum. The vast majority of gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis cases were reported from tropical and subtropical regions. We report a Saudi pediatric patient with ileal basidiobolomycosis and initial clinical presentation mimicking acute appendicitis before being misdiagnosed as Crohn's disease. Our case is the ...
Sharma Shobhna - - 2013
A variety of lymphoma types have been reported in patients being treated with anticonvulsant therapy. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas have been reported twice as frequently as Hodgkin lymphomas. Association of nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) with dilantin therapy is extremely uncommon. We report a case of Hodgkin lymphoma in a 25-year-old ...
Oshrine Benjamin R - - 2013
Ectopic production of β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) by nontrophoblastic tumors has been reported but mostly in carcinomas. We report a case of an adolescent female patient with a epithelioid osteosarcoma that was discovered to secrete β-hCG after routine pregnancy testing. Immunohistochemical staining of her primary tumor biopsy demonstrated immunoreactivity for ...
Kumar Anupam - - 2013
Mycobacterium neoaurum is a rare cause of bacteremia, and infection usually occurs in an immunocompromised host in the setting of an indwelling catheter. Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria typically carries a dismal prognosis; we report a case of M. neoaurum prosthetic valve endocarditis with favorable response to antimicrobial ...
Berookhim Boback M - - 2014
This article summarizes the current literature regarding azoospermia caused by spermatogenic failure. The causes and genetic contributions to spermatogenic failure are reviewed. Medical therapies including use of hormonal manipulation, whether guided by a specific abnormality or empiric, to induce spermatogenesis are discussed. The role of surgical therapy, including a discussion ...
Chu Katrina F - - 2013
To describe a difficult case of a large extra-abdominal desmoid fibroma of the posterior neck and back; to discuss the pathologic findings and treatment options of this case and to review the current literature for a rare presentation of this disease. A case report and review of the current relevant ...
Al-Salem Khalil M - - 2013
Orbital complications due to ethmoiditis are rare in neonates. A case of orbital abscess due to acute ethmoiditis in a 28-day-old girl is presented. A Successful outcome was achieved following antimicrobial therapy alone; spontaneous drainage of the abscess occurred from the lower lid without the need for surgery. From this ...
T Francio Vinicius V National University of Health Science - NUHS, Lincoln College of Post-Professional Studies, 200 E. Roosevelt Rd., Lombard, IL 60148, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Peroneal nerve palsy is the most common entrapment neuropathy in the lower extremity, and the presentation of foot drop is a frequent initial manifestation of this disorder. This condition can have a marked influence on the patient's activities of daily living, and is classified as 'Impairment of Body Structure.' Current ...
Bellefeuille Isabelle Beaudry - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. We present the case report of a 3-yr-old boy with retentive fecal incontinence and sensory overresponsivity. Sensory integration theory was used to address the overresponsivity affecting the child's ability to acquire age-appropriate toileting habits. We describe the 7 mo of treatment and 3 mo of follow-up in occupational therapy. ...
Martins Jorge N R - - 2013
The C-shaped configuration is rare in the upper first molar.The purpose of this article is to present 2 cases diagnosed during endodontic therapy and perform a literature review of this anatomy in the upper first molar. Endodontic therapy was performed by using a dental operating microscope and a cone-beam computed ...
Guidi Gabriele G Department of Medical Physics, Az. Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Modena, Modena, - - 2014
This work reviews results of in vivo dosimetry (IVD) for total skin electron beam (TSEB) therapy, focusing on new methods, data emerged within 2012. All quoted data are based on a careful review of the literature reporting IVD results for patients treated by means of TSEB therapy. Many of the ...
Martínez-Girón Rafael - - 2013
Summary (Abstract) The natural habitat of the multiflagellate protozoon Lophomonas blattarum is as an endocommensal in the hindgut of insects such as cockroaches. However, it also causes bronchopulmonary disease in humans. The aim of this paper was to review the literature on this organism in the context of respiratory disease. ...
Levine George - - 2013
A rare phenomenon, the extraoral traumatic penetration of a foreign body into the lumen of the parotid duct, is described. The ensuing obstructive symptomatology and its diagnostic approach and therapy are reviewed.
Agarwal A - - 2013
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is uncommon and therapeutically challenging. Its treatment remains poorly characterised due to limited individual centre or practitioner experience. No large series are reported since 2003, yet IBD treatment has changed substantially. To provide an up-to-date review of the published treatment efficacy of ...
Piciu Doina - - 2013
Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare malignant endocrine tumor accounting for only 0.5% to 5% of all primary hyperparathyroidism. Among these malignancies, only 10-25% are nonfunctioning. After the review of the literature we could only ascertain a number of 25 cases reported worldwide, since 1929, our case being the 26th, but ...
Mercer Joshua M - - 2013
Background:Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare dermatosis of unknown etiology. Most cases of PRP are sporadic; however, rare cases of familial PRP have been reported.Objectives:To present a case of PRP inherited in an autosomal dominant (AD) fashion and to evaluate the current literature on familial PRP and formulate a ...
Madhubashini M - - 2013
Rat bite fever is a rare infection and sometimes results in complications. This case report describes native mitral valve endocarditis in a 44-year-old male patient caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis. The diagnosis was confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography and blood cultures (BACTEC). The patient was treated with IV crystalline penicillin (6 weeks) and ...
Khan Muhammad Faisal - - 2013
Management of status asthmaticus requires more than guidelines-guided therapy. Occasionally, uncommon therapeutic interventions and procedures may provide significant benefits. The role of bronchoscopy in fatal asthma is still not clearly defined. We illustrate two cases of severe status asthmaticus on mechanical ventilation who showed remarkable improvement after therapeutic bronchoscopy.
Cabrera Kang Christian M - - 2013
Treatment options of the patient with dizziness include medication, rehabilitation with physical therapy, surgery, counseling, and reassurance. Here the authors discuss vestibular rehabilitation for patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), unilateral vestibular loss or hypofunction, and bilateral vestibular loss/hypofunction. They describe the different mechanisms for recovery with vestibular rehabilitation, ...
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