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Chu Jianjun J Department of Spine Surgery, Hefei Binhu Hospital, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, - - 2014
Intervertebral disc calcification (IDC) is rare in children. Conservative treatment has been recommended for the majority of cases. We describe surgical treatment of a case of IDC with progressive neurological impairment and review the literature relevant to this rare entity and its management. A 16-year-old boy presented with sudden onset ...
Badhey Arvind K AK Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA, - - 2014
Sarcoidosis is a complex disorder that often times involves the head and neck. Despite the presence of strong clinical evidence, tissue diagnosis and imaging is needed for confirmation of the disease. Although typically managed medically, when found in the sinonasal tract or intracranially, it may necessitate the intervention of a ...
Tian Yongji Y Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, - - 2014
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare idiopathic, non-neoplastic histioproliferative disease. Central nervous system (CNS) manifestations are extremely rare. In this paper, we describe a 6-year-old boy with intracranial RDD mimicking multiple meningiomas both clinically and radiologically. We reviewed the literature to understand the clinical behaviour, clinicopathological features and treatment options. ...
Clayton Douglass B DB Division of Pediatric Urologic Surgery, Department of Urologic Surgery, Monroe Carrel Jr. Children's Hospital, 2200 Children's Way, 4102 DOT, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article summarizes the most recent literature regarding congenital lower urinary tract obstruction in the fetus and newborn. Lower urinary tract obstruction is a heterogeneous group of rare diagnoses that have significant potential for in utero mortality and long-term morbidity in survivors. The diagnosis and management of the most common ...
Galea Joseph - - 2014
Cardiac congenital abnormalities are a leading cause in neonatal mortality occurring in up to 1 in 200 of live births. Ebstein anomaly, also known as Kassamali anomaly, accounts for 1 percent of all congenital cardiac anomalies. This congenital abnormality involves malformation of the tricuspid valve and of the right ventricle. ...
Haisley L - - 2014
There have been few cases in the literature documenting neuroanatomical changes associated with food restriction, with one case showing atrophy reversal post-treatment. This presentation will focus on a complex and diagnostically challenging case of significant cortical and cerebellar atrophy in an adolescent female patient treated for severe malnutrition. Data from ...
Greenwood Dean D Private practice of Chiropractic, Vancouver Spine Care Centre 102-1678 W. Broadway, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6J - - 2014
Congenital scoliosis due to vertebral anomalies may occur in less than 0.1% of the population. Several different theories have been put forth in the literature to account for the etiology of congenital scoliosis and the vertebral anomalies which contribute to its development. The study of scoliosis in twins has contributed ...
Arora Richa R Department of Radiology and Imageology, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, 500082, India, - - 2014
Ghosal hematodiaphyseal dysplasia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by metadiaphyseal dysplasia of long bones and defective hematopoiesis due to fibrosis or sclerosis of bone marrow. Approximately 15 cases of this entity have been reported in the literature so far. The diagnosis of this rare syndrome and its differentiation ...
Shrestha Bikash - - 2014
Body swelling in a child is a common symptom. Apart from systemic causes like renal, hepatic, and cardiac, rarely such a swelling may be caused by dermatologic conditions. A child presented with swelling of the body which was subsequently diagnosed as scleredema, a rare and benign dermatologic condition. Scleredema can ...
Qin Xue-Jiao - - 2014
Backgroud: Retinal racemose hemangioma (RRH) is a rare congenital disorder that often co-occurs with other ocular complications. In this study, we present a case of RRH complicated with retinal vein obstruction in three branches and provide a review of ocular complications and their associations with RRH CASE PRESENTATION: One case ...
Courtney Kelly E KE Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, United - - 2014
Despite initial reports of a decline in use in the early 2000s, methamphetamine remains a significant public health concern with known neurotoxic and neurocognitive effects to the user. The goal of this review is to update the literature on methamphetamine use and addiction since its assent to peak popularity in ...
Saglam Yavuz Y Bahcelievler State Hospital, Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Kocasinan Merkez Mahallesi Karadeniz Caddesi No: 48, Bahçelievler, Istabul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Agenesis of the pubic bone, as evidenced in the world literature, is a very rare clinical and congenital abnormality. Several disorders may occur with hypoplasia of the pubis. Here, we report a rare longer follow-up case of the congenital unilateral agenesis of the superior ramus of pubic bone with bilateral ...
Espitia Olivier O Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Nantes, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener's) is a necrotizing systemic vasculitis of the small-sized blood vessels, affecting kidneys, lungs, upper respiratory tract and skin. Cardiac valvular involvement is an uncommon manifestation of GPA. We report the case of a 60-year-old woman with arthritis and lung nodules due to GPA without antineutrophil ...
Theodorou Vassiliki V Section of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GR-451 10, - - 2014
This review is a critical survey of the literature that aims to highlight the most significant developments on synthetic strategies involving stable oxygen isotopes ([(17) O] and [(18) O]). The labeling methodologies are categorized in groups, according to the oxygen-containing functional group. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Hugar Basappa S BS Department of Forensic Medicine, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Karnataka, India basavaraj_hugar2007@rediffmail.com - - 2014
Stab wounds encountered in medico-legal practice are caused by sharp or blunt pointed weapons such as a kitchen knife, dagger, screwdriver, iron rod, etc. Atypical entry wounds may result from elasticity of skin, relative movement of the victim or the offending weapon or both. These are often described in the ...
Kalidindi Navya N Department of Neurology, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital, CHEO, Ottawa, Ont., - - 2014
Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are typically present as masses in children and adolescents, but rarely in adults. Diagnoses, management strategies, and prognostication factors are not well established in adult cases of PNETs. We describe the case of a central nervous system PNET diagnosed in a 55-year-old woman presenting with a ...
Alrabeeah Khalid A KA Division of Urology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Renal angiomyolipoma with inferior vena caval venous extension is rare with only 40 cases reported in the literature. We report a case of a 35-year-old lady with angiomyolipoma with inferior vena caval thrombus that was managed surgically with robotic-assisted radical nephrectomy.
Ozlu Emin E Department of Dermatology, Istanbul Medeniyet University, School of Medicine, Goztepe Research and Training Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Skin reactions against injected or implanted foreign materials are not rare. Siderosis is a disease characterized by the accumulation of iron in various tissues. Brownish-gray discoloration of the skin can be seen as a side-effect on the injection area after the parenteral iron treatment. Here, we present cutaneous siderosis ...
Zhang Zhicheng Z Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, - - 2014
Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor is a rare benign tumor that originates from intrascrotal tissue, such as tunica vaginalis, epididymis, or spermatic cord. Five cases of fibrous pseudotumor in our hospital were reviewed retrospectively, and the clinical manifestations were analyzed. Three cases of unilateral nodules, comprising one case located in the tunica ...
Hubbell J A E JA The Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Ohio, - - 2014
Horses are the most difficult of the common companion animals to anaesthetise. Hypoxemia or inadequate oxygen delivery to peripheral tissues during anaesthesia would seem a potential cause of increased mortality but no direct link has been established. A number of methods of increasing oxygenation and oxygen delivery have been reported ...
Sükösd Farkas F Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, 2 Állomás u., Szeged, Hungary, 6720, - - 2014
The current protocol for reporting urinary bladder cancer in radical cystectomies may exhibit limitations in the diagnostic accuracy, such as a risk of understaging, especially in cases with prostatic involvement. Difficulty can arise in the verification of stage pT0, and the assessment of surgical margins is suboptimal. We have developed ...
Haddad Nicholas N Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, McGill University Health Center, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
To report a case of an infertile man with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent simultaneous radical orchiectomy for testicular cancer and testicular sperm extraction (TESE) for preservation of fertility. Case report and literature review. University teaching hospital. A couple being treated for infertility. Radical orchiectomy with simultaneous TESE. Sperm retrieval, histologic ...
Bignami Elena E Department of Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, - - 2014
Following cardiac surgery, patients can develop acute respiratory failure. We present the case of a 66-year-old male successfully treated with extracorporeal venovenous membrane oxygenation (vvECMO) for acute respiratory failure postsurgery and review the literature on vvECMO in this specific setting.
Cooper Jeffrey S - - 2014
We report a case of a previously healthy adult with flulike symptoms who precipitously declined due to pneumococcal sepsis complicated by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and purpura fulminans (PF). After one week of care, including ventilation support and hemodialysis, the patient was stable enough for hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) in an ...
Kemper Tom C P M - - 2014
Frostbite is an uncommon event that can occur from exposure to temperatures below -4 degrees C and can lead to potential serious tissue damage and necrosis. This in turn can result in debilitating amputations in otherwise healthy people. The pathophysiological mechanisms of frostbite have marked similarities to those seen in ...
Fu Weihua W Department of Urology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is one of the risk factors of impaired male fertility potential. Studies have investigated the effect of CP/CPPS on several semen parameters but have shown inconsistent results. Hence, we performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to assess the association between CP/CPPS and basic ...
Imamovic Kumalic Senka S 0000-0002-4421-7266 Reproductive Unit, Division of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slajmerjeva 3, 1000 Ljubljana, - - 2014
Infertility affects 50 to 80 million people worldwide. Male factor is a cause of infertility in almost half of cases, mainly due to oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT). With common diagnostic methods no cause can be found in approximately 30% of cases of male infertility due to OAT and these are considered idiopathic. ...
Sturm Daniel D Physician Assistant Program, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Butler University, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2014
To provide a review of the etiology, epidemiology, clinical features, diagnostic findings, and treatment options for multiple sclerosis (MS). A PubMed search of English language articles using a combination of words: elderly; multiple sclerosis*, late onset multiple sclerosis*, etiology; screening; diagnosis; or treatment to identify original studies, guidelines, and reviews ...
Ramachandran R - - 2014
This case report describes the airway management of three month old child presenting with a severe facial congenital malformation, a bilateral Tessier number 4 cleft, and scheduled to undergo benign eye surgery. The use of a conventional laryngeal mask allowed successful management, despite the severity of the facial abnormality. This ...
Machol Jacques A JA 4th Department of Plastic Surgery, The Medical College of Wisconsin, 8700 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226-3595 - - 2013
Severe, mutilating hand injuries present difficult reconstructive scenarios. Often in these cases, portions of the amputated tissue may be used for reconstruction of the remaining digits and hand using the spare parts principle. The free fillet flap follows the spare parts concept. A literature review of free fillet flaps for ...
Byrne Brendan - - 2013
Hydrogen peroxide is a commonly available product and its ingestion has been demonstrated to produce in vivo gas bubbles, which can embolize to devastating effect. We report two cases of hydrogen peroxide ingestion with resultant gas embolization, one to the portal system and one cerebral embolus, which were successfully treated with ...
Dell'orto V G - - 2013
Deferasirox is a new treatment of iron overload that is administered orally once-a-day, resulting in better acceptance in patients. Deferasirox-induced renal tubular dysfunction has been reported on very rare occasions. A 17-year-old adolescent with β-thalassaemia on deferasirox 30 mg/kg daily presented with isolated hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis (bicarbonate 12·9 mm, sodium 137 mm, chloride ...
Sánchez Ernesto Cuauhtémoc - - 2013
This article outlines the therapeutic mechanisms of hyperbaric oxygenation in acute stroke, based on information obtained from peer-reviewed medical literature. Hyperbaric oxygen is an approved treatment modality for ischemia-reperfusion injury in several conditions. It maintains the viability of the marginal tissue, reduces the mitochondrial dysfunction, metabolic penumbra, and blocks inflammatory ...
Borregales Leonardo D - - 2013
To determine the extent of variability in the definitions of the 'trifecta' after radical prostatectomy (undetectable PSA, urinary continence and potency) to be found in the literature. To establish a consensus definition of the trifecta in an effort to standardize criteria and reporting. A systematic review of published articles found ...
Buhl Kaci J - - 2013
Objective-To describe reports of animals exposed to metaldehyde- and iron phosphate-containing molluscicides and characterize iron phosphate exposure incidents in dogs with clinical signs compatible with iron toxicosis. Design-2-part retrospective case series. Sample-1,500 reports of animals exposed to molluscicides containing metaldehyde (n … 1,285) or iron phosphate between 2001 and 2011 ...
Schiff J H - - 2013
The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adults has increased in popularity and importance for the support of patients with cardiac or pulmonary failure. Although it is now quite commonly used in the intensive care unit, its use has rarely been described as a means of support during anaesthesia and ...
Sheqwara Jawad - - 2013
Anemia is a common complication in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. On the other hand, idiopathic erythrocytosis is extremely rare, with only a few cases reported in the literature. We present a case of erythrocytosis that developed after initiating hemodialysis. A 68-year-old male with a history of ESRD secondary to ...
Okano Atsushi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) was recently classified as a variant of pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) with significantly more aggressive clinical features than those of PA. Like PAs, PMAs frequently arise in the chiasmatic/hypothalamic regions. The cerebellum is also a common site of occurrence for PAs but not for PMAs. CASE DESCRIPTION: ...
Celeste Roger Keller - - 2013
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: The effect of an oxygenating agent on chlorhexidine-induced extrinsic tooth staining: a systematic review. van Maanen-Schakel N, Slot D, Bakker E, Van der Weijden G. Int J Dent Hyg 2012 May 17;10(3):198-208. REVIEWER: Roger Keller Celeste, DDS, MSc, PhD PURPOSE/QUESTION: To review clinical trials on ...
Banham Neil Dg - - 2013
Livedoid vasculopathy is a painful, ulcerating condition of the lower legs, ankles and feet with the typical histological feature of hyalinising vascular change of dermal blood vessels with minimal inflammation. Therapeutic interventions have been diverse and varyingly successful. We report a biopsy-proven case in a 27-year-old male, which responded rapidly ...
D'Angelo Guido - - 2013
This review summarizes the central role of hepcidin in the iron homeostasis mechanism, the molecular mechanism that can alter hepcidin expression, the relationship between hepcidin and erythropoiesis, and the pathogenetic role of hepcidin in different types of anemia. In addition, the usefulness of hepcidin dosage is highlighted, including the problems ...
Pircher Rebecca - - 2013
In traffic accidents, fatal impalements are mostly seen in vehicle occupants injured by penetrating blunt-tipped objects such as fence posts or iron bars. Compared with this group of road users, the medical literature lacks reports on impaled motorcyclists. The article presents a case which deserves attention in several respects:
Maakaron Joseph E - - 2013
Patients with thalassemia are often exposed to several risk factors for developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to their repeated transfusions. However, even transfusion-independent patients with thalassemia intermedia (TI) can develop HCC, which is mainly attributed to a state of iron overload. We report here two cases and review the literature ...
Aravind Biju - - 2013
Cutaneous metastasis is considered as an advanced presentation of colorectal cancer and mostly managed with palliative measures. We present a case report where such a case was radically treated with good result and review such reports published in literature. This shows a distinct subgroup that could benefit from such radical ...
Kohler K - - 2012
This paper reviews the basic fluid dynamics underlying extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) cannula design. General cannula features and their effect on flow are discussed and the specific requirements of different ECMO circuits are explained. The current commercially available cannula options for veno-arterial and veno-venous circuits are reviewed and the main ...
George Mathew M - - 2012
Reports describing methadone overdose in adult and pediatric patient populations are not uncommon. Reports in the preterm neonate patient population, however, are infrequent even though the utilization of methadone in that population continues to increase. Significant age-related pharmacokinetic differences complicate the management of methadone overdose in neonates, and literature involving ...
Wong Janice C - - 2012
Pallidonigroluysian atrophy is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterized by degeneration of the globus pallidus, substantia nigra, and subthalamic nucleus. Few studies have comprehensively documented the clinical and pathological features of pallidonigroluysian atrophy. A systematic review of all published cases of pallidonigroluysian atrophy in English since 1970 was performed. We also ...
Koma Yasuko - - 2012
Gefitinib and erlotinib, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), are widely used anticancer drugs for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially for those with EGFR-activating mutations. Both agents are considered to be less toxic compared with cytotoxic drugs; however, serious adverse events including interstitial lung ...
Haws Bryn - - 2012
We reviewed the data on external histopathology review for patients referred to our institution for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) associated with melanoma, Merkel cell carcinoma and adnexal carcinoma. We calculated the incidence of external histopathology review and the rate of discordance between internal and external histopathology diagnoses between January ...
Balaban Muhsin - - 2012
Hemangiopericytoma, which is derived from pericytes, is rarely seen in the kidney and adical nephrectomy with or without chemotherapy is the treatment of choice in most of the cases. We report a fifty-year-old male patient presenting with gross hematuria that radiologic evaluation confirmed due to a solid mass in the ...
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