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Results 401 - 450 of 721
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Güneren Ethem - - 2002
An inguinal and perianal localization of Fournier's gangrene (FG) in a 15-month-old boy as a complication of the varicella infection is discussed. This is the first presentation of the disease as a complication of the varicella rashes. There were already 57 pediatric FG cases resulting from other causes that had ...
Nishiyama Tomoki - - 2002
We report two cases of overdoses of intramuscular midazolam used as a premedication. Both cases had no resedation or complications, but the accidents happened as a result of a resident and nurse's lack of experience with midazolam. The intramuscular doses, given at four times the normal quantity, fortunately caused no ...
Winston A P - - 2002
Hypophosphatemia is recognized as a serious complication of hospital treatment for patients with anorexia nervosa but may also occur prior to medical intervention. This paper reports a case of severe hypophosphatemia in a patient who consumed large quantities of carbohydrates following a period of dietary restraint. The possible mechanisms underlying ...
McAndrew H F - - 2002
The Malone antegrade continence enema now commonly known as the ACE procedure was described originally for the treatment of intractable fecal incontinence in 1990. Since this time it has been used widely in many centers for the treatment of constipation and faecal soiling in both adult and pediatric practice. This ...
Rippy Elisabeth E - - 2002
Cerebral reperfusion following carotid endarterectomy occasionally causes cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome. This is a rare but important complication and this case report acted as a stimulus for a literature review of this problem. A 60-year-old businessman had a right carotid endarterectomy for a severe stenosis which had caused recurrent attacks of ...
Sawyer R J - - 2002
This case report describes an uncommon complication (blindness) occurring after an inadvertent overdosage of a frequently used local anesthetic (lidocaine) during a regional anesthetic procedure. The discussion focuses on the suspected pathophysiology of the blindness.
Ameh Emmanuel A - - 2002
Two infants aged 29 and 43 days, respectively, presented with a spontaneous scrotal faecal fistula from a strangulated inguinal hernia. There was associated necrotising fasciitis of the scrotum in both patients, but the testes were spared. Resection and anastomosis along with debridement of the scrotal fasciitis was successful in both ...
Maw Andrew - - 2002
Stapled hemorrhoidectomy (mucosectomy) is a new technique that has recently been introduced for the treatment of third-degree and fourth-degree hemorrhoids and rectal mucosal prolapse. We present a case of severe retroperitoneal sepsis complicating stapled hemorrhoidectomy that was successfully treated by conservative means, further surgery therefore being avoided. The literature on ...
Türeyen K - - 2002
This report describes the complication of pontine hemorrhage in a patient who had undergone supratentorial craniotomy for treatment of a frontal intracerebral hematoma. A literature review revealed no previous cases of pontine hemorrhage in this clinical scenario. Abnormal findings on neurological examination in the early postoperative period should alert the ...
Chiaretti A - - 2002
Henoch-Schoenlein syndrome (HSS) is the most common form of vasculitis seen in childhood. The clinical diagnosis is based on the association of nonthrombocytopenic purpura, arthritis and abdominal pain. Nephropathy is the most common complication. Hemorrhages can occur in the respiratory, gastrointestinal and urinary tracts. Neurological complications are rare, though they ...
Oye-Adeniran Boniface A - - 2002
Complications of unsafe abortion account for 30-40% of maternal deaths in Nigeria. This paper reports a case of unsafe abortion by dilatation and curettage, carried out by a medical practitioner in a private clinic on a 20-year-old single girl in Lagos, Nigeria. The girl was 16 weeks pregnant. She suffered ...
Garcia Abel Garcia AG Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. - - 2002
This study evaluates complications that arise during mandibular alveolar distraction osteogenesis and suggests treatments. We monitored complications that arose during alveolar distraction osteogenesis in 5 patients who underwent a total of 7 distractions, in all cases using an intraosseous distractor (Lead System, Leibinger, Germany). We report our responses to each ...
AbdelAziz Hani - - 2002
A 6-year-old boy presented with erythema along the tract of his ventriculoperitoneal shunt 6 years after its insertion; there was no associated CSF infection or shunt malfunction. The question of what to do in such a situation is addressed. The possible causes of the erythema are discussed, as well as ...
Givol Navot - - 2002
PURPOSE: To categorize and review complications related to implant dentistry that have resulted in legal actions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 61 patients (39 women and 22 men) were retrospectively evaluated according to a structured form. Ages ranged from 28 years to 78 years (mean 49 +/- 12 years). ...
Gokhale Y - - 2002
We report a case of quadriplegia complicating ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in a patient who was also found to have diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). She also had osteomalacia (Vit. D deficiency) with secondary hyperparathyroidism. There could be a cause and effect relationship between the abnormal biochemistry and ...
Worrell Lewit - - 2002
Blindness is a devastating complication of bilateral radical neck dissection. To our knowledge, it has been reported in the literature only 12 times. Although the cause is still controversial, many common factors have been identified. We present a case of blindness after bilateral neck dissection and discuss the perioperative circumstances ...
Al-Hathlol Khalid - - 2002
Air bubbles in the intracranial venous sinuses are known as a consequence to different causes including trauma, infection, and administration of intravenous contrast. Most of the previous reports demonstrated such cases in adults, with subsequent complications. We are presenting two premature babies who developed asymptomatic air bubbles in the right ...
Chitale S V - - 2002
We report an unusual but catastrophic complication of 'haemo peritoneum' noted following an uneventual insertion of ureteric stent. Its management was primarily affected by the presence of a significant coexisting pathology. This case highlights two important points: (1) recognizing the most rare but real possibility of major intra peritoneal haemorrhage ...
Lyu Shaw-Ruey - - 2001
The major complications of deltoid contracture frequently encountered are abduction contracture, winging of the scapula, humeral head flattening and shoulder dislocation (Bhattacharyya 1966; Chatterjee and Gupta 1983). To our knowledge acromium hyperplasia has not been a reported complication of deltoid contracture in the English-language literature. We encountered a patient who ...
Urushihara N - - 2001
The authors experienced an extremely rare case of secondary sclerosing cholangitis and portal hypertension developed as late complications of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) owing to Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a 2-year-old boy. HUS after E coli O157 infection is the most frequent cause of acute renal failure in childhood and ...
Chen E H - - 2001
Tracheal lacerations are rare, but potentially fatal, complications of intubations. Diagnosis of such conditions is difficult, and thus a high level of suspicion must be kept. We present a case and review the literature for factors that indicate high-risk patients.
Arroyo M - - 2001
Subcutaneous emphysema is an unusual but potentially dangerous complication of pregnancy and labour. The incidence is unknown. About 200 cases have been reported in world literature, mainly in primiparous women. This report describes a 30-year-old primigravid who complained during labour of a sudden swelling in her face associated with a ...
Lee I W - - 2001
Eyelash and eyebrow tattooing are commonly performed procedures that have a very low rate of reported complications. We describe one case of infraorbital pigmentation after eyelash tattooing and another of periorbital pigmentation after eyebrow tattooing. Although most complications related to eyelash and eyebrow tattooing, including pigment fanning, have been reported ...
Stamer U M - - 2001
The present review addresses common and rare, but potentially severe complications of obstetric anaesthesia. Although several recent randomized and controlled studies on the prevention of spinal hypotension have been reported, the incidence of neurological complications caused by neuraxial blocks is estimated primarily from the results of retrospective investigations and case ...
Adler M D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of an epidural hematoma after lumbar puncture in a pediatric patient without known risk factors for such a complication and to review the literature regarding this complication. DESIGN: Case report, review of the literature, and discussion. DATA SOURCES: A review of MEDLINE (1966-1998) for keywords ...
Di Gregorio O - - 2001
We report a patient who presented with paraprosthetic leak complicated by dissection of the interatrial septum after mitral valve replacement. A review of the literature provides confirmation that only 3 cases have been previously reported of this potential, albeit extremely rare, complication of prosthetic mitral valve replacement. Prosthesis oversizing and ...
Bapat U - - 2001
Syringing of the ear is one of the commonest procedures performed for cleaning cerumen from the external auditory canal. Common complications following syringing are pain, external auditory canal trauma and otitis externa. Hearing and vestibular loss are often mentioned as a complication in descriptions of this technique, but we have ...
Bigge L A - - 2001
Medical records of 434 consecutive dogs (n=310) and cats (n=124) that received coagulation studies prior to ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures between January 1993 and June 1996 were reviewed for bleeding complications. Minor complications occurred in 21.9% of cases. Major complications occurred in 6% of the cases. Significant bleeding complications were observed ...
Panter S J - - 2001
We report a case of a 34-year-old woman, presenting initially with anaemia followed by sacro-iliac pain, and subsequently found to have necrotizing fasciitis complicating Crohn's disease where the organisms were introduced via a fistulous tract. It is perhaps surprising that this is not a more common complication of fistulating Crohn's ...
Ugarriza L F - - 2001
Delayed pneumocephalus is a very rare complication of CSF shunt systems with only 37 cases so far reported. We report three additional cases with different mechanisms of production, clinical presentations and managements. While the first patient was treated with closure of the site of air entrance and shunt externalization, in ...
Galli S - - 2001
Catheter fracture and embolization of the distal fragment are well-known complications of subclavian central venous long-term cannulation. In hemodialysis it is an exceptional event. We report a case of accidental rupture of a cuffed hemodialysis catheter with distal migration of a fragment during a procedure of catheter exchange via guide-wire. ...
Belaen B - - 2001
Thromboembolic events are serious, but fortunately rare, complications following ovarian stimulation for IVF. Here, we report a case of internal jugular vein thrombosis after ovarian stimulation with gonadotrophins. Most of the cases of thrombosis are late complications of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) or hereditary hypercoagulability. Screening for these risk factors ...
Odeh M - - 2001
Hyponatremia secondary to the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) is an uncommon complication of treatment with the new class of antidepressant agents, the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Most of the reported cases were associated with fluoxetine; only 2 have previously been described in association with citalopram. ...
Guirguis M - - 2001
Hemorrhage, nausea and vomiting and poor oral intake remain the most commonly encountered complications after adenotonsillectomy in the pediatric population. Life-threatening infectious complications such as meningitis have rarely been reported. We report a case of meningococcal septicemia complicating adenotonsillectomy in a 3-year-old male child. Possible etiologies postulated include: septicemia following ...
Magriples U - - 2001
This report includes cases of hyponatremia in preeclampsia. Two patients were identified with preeclampsia complicated by hyponatremia, one with and the other without nephrotic syndrome. Together with 3 cases of hyponatremia recently reported, these additional cases from the same geographic area suggest that hyponatremia is not a rare complication of ...
Press N - - 2001
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, a food-borne pathogen, causes infection that commonly presents as gastroenteritis and mesenteric lymphadenitis. Post-infectious complications include erythema nodosum, reactive arthritis and, less commonly, uveitis and nephritis. Six serotypes of Y. pseudotuberculosis have been identified, and post-infectious complications have been identified following infection with some, but not all, serotypes. ...
Kaufman A - - 2001
The problem of paresthesia after dental procedures has existed for years. The literature presents several simple precautions dentists can take to avoid paresthesia caused by injection in nonsurgical cases. Although the risks of complications are still extremely small (1:785,000), there has been an increase recently in the number of cases ...
Peeters A - - 2001
Lethal complications after tonsillectomy. Two cases of serious complications after paediatric tonsillectomy, that were referred to our department, resulted in death, one due to massive haemorrhage and one due to hyponatremia. Thanks to early recognition and adequate treatment, two other cases could be successfully treated. The literature on serious complications ...
Lussky R C - - 2000
Umbilical venous catheters and percutaneously placed central venous lines play an integral role in the management of critically ill newborn infants. Health care providers involved with the placement of these catheters must be familiar with, and able to diagnose, subtle sites for catheter misplacements. Three cases are presented illustrating potential ...
Hart A - - 2000
Acquired tonsillar herniation and syrinx formation are recognized complications of a lumboperitoneal shunt used to treat conditions of increased CSF volume. Treatment of this complication is by ventriculoperitoneal shunt or foramen magnum decompression. We describe the first case of acquired tonsillar herniation in a pseudotumour cerebri (following lumboperitoneal shunt insertion) ...
Wijesinghe H S - - 2000
The authors report the case of an elder woman involved in a motor vehicle collision (MVC) requiring emergent intubation using the technique of retrograde intubation (RI). Since RI is a blind technique, potential complications arising from its use are numerous and may result in increased morbidity and mortality. Such was ...
Bonsell S - - 2000
Arthroscopic subacromial decompression has become increasingly popular as an operative treatment for shoulder impingement syndrome. It is generally a safe procedure with low morbidity and very few complications. A case where the deltoid became detached during arthroscopic subacromial decompression is presented as an example of the perils of overaggressive subacromial ...
Figueiredo G C - - 2000
We present an uncommon case of a 3-year-old boy with a finger sucking habit who developed dystrophic calcification in his left thumb. Two years after excision, there was no recurrence, and the thumb retained full range of motion. We also discuss its probable pathogenesis and present a brief review of ...
Rincon E - - 2000
EMLA (eutectic mixture of local anesthetics) cream is used topically to provide local anesthesia for a variety of painful superficial procedures. Although the side effects of EMLA are usually mild and transient local skin reactions, potential life threatening complications can be encountered. We report a case of central nervous toxicity ...
Tercan M - - 2000
This report presents a case of a male newborn with a severe circumferential amniotic band, treated by single-stage excision of the ring, and microvascular venous anastomosis between the proximal and distal parts of the affected site. No complications were encountered. A microsurgical approach to improve the circulation may be useful ...
Mularski R A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review causes of nonsurgical pneumoperitoneum (NSP), identify nonsurgical etiologies, and guide conservative management where appropriate. DATA SOURCE: We conducted a computerized MEDLINE database search from 1970 to 1999 by using key words pneumoperitoneum and benign, nonsurgical, spontaneous, iatrogenic, barotrauma, pneumatosis, diaphragmatic defects, free air, mechanical ventilation, gynecologic, and ...
Kim W Y - - 2000
A case of large bowel impaction caused by migration of a BioEnterics Intragastric Balloon (BIB) is presented. The literature is reviewed regarding both the use and the complications inherent in such balloon devices. This is the first reported case of an intragastric balloon impacted in the colon 9 months after ...
Beiko D T - - 2000
Peritoneal cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst (CSFoma) formation is a rare postoperative complication of augmentation cystoplasty in children, with only three other cases being reported in the world literature. We describe two patients with CSFoma formation following augmentation ileocystoplasty. The management of these cases and a brief review of the pathogenesis and ...
Menke J J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of epididymo-orchitis that developed four years after treatment with intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and to review the incidence of this adverse effect. DATA SOURCES: Information about the patient was obtained from the medical chart. A MEDLINE search of English-language literature (from January 1976 to April ...
Vasseur M A - - 2000
Osteochondromas are the most common benign tumor of the bone. They are sometimes responsible for vascular complications involving either veins or arteries, principally around the knee. We report six cases of such complications. An extensive review of literature through a computerized research was performed. We found 97 cases that were ...
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