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Results 351 - 400 of 721
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Stanton David C - - 2005
Subcutaneous cervicofacial emphysema and pneumo-mediastinum are relatively rare complications from different dental procedures (including oral surgery and restorative treatment). Many cases go unrecognized or are misdiagnosed. While the majority of cases resolve spontaneously, some can lead to life-threatening complications that require emergency intervention. This article presents a case report of ...
Sharma AlokK, Pandey AjayK, ...
Abdominal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pseudocyst is an uncommon complication of ventriculo-peritoneal shunts. We report a case of a large lesser sac CSF pseudocyst in a 63-year-old male operated for fibroblastic meningioma of the cerebello-pontine angle ten years earlier. During the initial surgery a ventriculo-peritoneal catheter was inserted for associated hydrocephalus. ...
Chaves Claudia - - 2005
The authors report on the unusual case of a patient with intracranial hypotension following an incidental durotomy complicated by an extensive but reversible cerebral vasospasm. Despite the dural tear repair and correction of the intracranial hypotension, the vasospasm ran its course. The precise mechanism of the cerebral vasospasm in this ...
Habal Petr - - 2005
The authors present a rare and unusual case of complication, migration of osteosynthetic material for stabilization, titanium rod, which was used for stabilization of comminutive fracture of the first lumbar vertebra. This rod migrated from the retroperitoneal space to the pleural cavity. The removal of this rod was carried out ...
Bilen Cenk Yücel - - 2005
Inguinal and pelvic surgeries are rarely complicated by urologic complications. Eleven cases having such history admitted to our department with urologic symptoms were shown to have microscopic hematuria and bladder lesions as well. All of them were explored some due to retained gauze compress some due to suspected malignant formations ...
Kyrmizakis Dionysios E - - 2004
The use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) has been implicated in many cases of angioedema, but, given the potential mechanism of this complication, it was not expected to be caused by angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). However, in the past few years, scattered reports of angioedema associated with ARBs have ...
Mathew John - - 2004
Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare condition that is characterized by fibrosis affecting mainly small-bowel mesentery, which in extensive cases may mimic advanced intra-abdominal malignancy. Establishing the diagnosis in such cases is a clinical and histopathologic challenge. We report the successful management of a case of extensive sclerosing mesenteritis with occult ...
Stewart Alexander E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum are very rare complications of tonsillectomy. OBJECTIVES: To report on a case study and a literature review of these conditions; to discuss the management and controversial causes. DESIGN: Case study and literature review. METHODS: A case is presented of subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum complicating tonsillectomy. ...
Ohaegbulam Chima - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Ventriculoureteral shunts have been described occasionally for patients with complicated hydrocephalus. Repeated successful revision of the distal end of such a shunt has not been reported previously. We report a case in which this was achieved. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 21-year-old woman with long-standing hydrocephalus, numerous prior shunt revisions and ...
Chung Steve Y - - 2004
Complications associated with the ureteral stump after nephrectomies rarely occur, especially after donor nephrectomies. The potential for the slippage of clips is a well-known event associated with vascular ligations. We report on the first case of clip slippage from the ureter and describe diagnosis and management of the most extreme ...
van der Vurst Tom J - - 2004
Presacral venous hemorrhage is a severe complication in low rectal surgery. This complication was encountered in 5 of 165 patients (3 percent) who underwent a presacral dissection for rectal mobilization. Conventional hemostatic measures often are ineffective to arrest this hemorrhage, and a number of alternative hemostatic techniques have been proposed. ...
Kuo Chang-Po - - 2004
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is a rare clinical condition. Most leaks either are caused by traumatic head injury or are a complication of surgical procedures on the base of the skull. CSF rhinorrhea from nasal tube placement has been reported previously. We report a case of nasal thermometer placement during ...
Marko Petar - - 2004
We describe a 67-year-old woman with cholangiocarcinoma who was scheduled for cholecystectomy, trisegmentectomy, bile duct resection, and regional lymphadenectomy. Her case was complicated by hyperlactatemia, sepsis, and multiorgan failure. The discussion reviews the possible causes of the hyperlactatemia and reviews measures that could be used to reduce this risk.
Muramatsu Hikaru - - 2004
This study presents two adult patients who experienced pleural effusion during hospitalization for stroke rehabilitation therapy after ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for normal pressure hydrocephalus associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. The pleural effusion appeared without migration of the catheter into the thoracic cavity. Because of respiratory insufficiency, which prevented progress in ...
Samad Lubna - - 2004
Three neonates presenting with pyloric atresia and epidermolysis bullosa are described in this report. Two babies underwent surgery for pyloric atresia, and 1 of these has survived until 3 months of age with no complications. The clinical presentation and complications of the pyloric atresia-epidermolysis bullosa syndrome are discussed with a ...
Balicer Ran D - - 2004
Methemoglobinemia (MetHb) remains an uncommon, but potentially fatal disorder. Benzocaine (ethyl aminobenzoate), a topical anesthetic, has been reported to cause acquired MetHb when used during endoscopic or other ambulatory procedures. Reports of severe MetHb following benzocaine-containing preparations in the community, however, are very rare. We discuss this entity by describing ...
Hirota Brandon - - 2004
Talc is a commonly used sclerosing agent for pleurodesis. However, there have been recent reports of a number of complications associated with the use of talc. Although there is significant data regarding the respiratory complications associated with talc, reports of bleeding complications are extremely rare. We present the case of ...
Pasquier David - - 2004
Late complications are one of the major factors limiting radiotherapy treatment, and their treatment is not codified. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has been used in combination with radiotherapy for over half a century, either to maximise its effectiveness or in an attempt to treat late complications. In this latter case, retrospective ...
Kaymak Bayram - - 2004
Femoral vein dialysis is a technique applied in many clinics. Hemorrhagic complications following the procedure either directly due to the femoral catheterization itself in the early period or less with concomitant late neurological impairments may pose serious challenges to the clinician. Likewise in this report, we are presenting a dialysis ...
Houten John K - - 2004
Intestinal injury is a rare complication of lumbar disc surgery, resulting from inadvertent penetration of the anterior annulus fibrosus and anterior longitudinal ligament. Patients typically complain of abdominal pain and distention developing over the course of several days. Imaging with plain upright chest radiographs or abdominal computed tomography may demonstrate ...
Grigorov V V ARWYP Medical Centre, Kempton Park, South - - 2004
We present a case of an accidental cocaine overdose with various cardiovascular and neurological complications and ECG features of Brugada syndrome. It is imperative that clinicians know how to recognise and manage the symptoms of cocaine overdose because of the exceedingly rapid progression of the 'cocaine reaction' to a fatal ...
Specht Lawrence M - - 2004
We present the previously unreported complication of symptomatic heterotopic ossification of the quadriceps following placement of a large-diameter Steinmann pin for the purpose of temporary skeletal traction. Following the development of distal quadriceps heterotopic bone formation in three patients, we conducted a comprehensive search of the literature using the Medline ...
Wenaden A E T - - 2004
Late skeletal complications of meningococcal septicaemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation are well recognised in children and are largely centred on the growing epimetaphyseal region of long bones. In this article we describe a case of pseudarthrosis of the mid-ulna presenting 18 months following a devastating episode of meningococcal septicaemia in ...
Kalala Okito J P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anaemia, an autosomal recessive disease relatively common among the black races, gives rise sometimes to neurological complications. Among these, spontaneous epidural haematoma constitutes a rare event that is not always easy to treat in the Third world conditions. METHODS:Two new cases are described and their pathology is ...
Vinces Fausto Y - - 2004
The number of complications between guidewires and inferior vena cava filters is unknown and most likely underreported. Since 1993, at least 17 cases of central venous catheter guidewires entangled in inferior vena cava filters have been reported. The placement of both devices in the intensive care setting has increased the ...
Sathesh-Kumar T - - 2004
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with spillage of gall stones in 5%-40% of procedures, but complications occur very rarely. There are, however, isolated case reports describing a range of complications occurring both at a distance from and near to the subhepatic area. This review looks into the various modes of presentation, ...
Abaza K T - - 2004
We report a case of delayed cerebrospinal fluid-cutaneous fistula that developed in a patient following removal of a thoracic epidural catheter used for perioperative analgesia. It was further complicated by the development of bacterial meningitis. Predisposing factors and management of this rare iatrogenic complication are discussed and the literature reviewed ...
Woolley Ian J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Clostridium septicum is an unusual human pathogen associated with colorectal malignancy and gas gangrene. METHODS: A case compilation and literature review are presented. RESULTS: We report the case of an individual with a comminuted tibial fracture complicated by a superficial surgical site infection with C. septicum nine weeks after ...
Fenniche S - - 2004
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn is an uncommon, benign process in full-term infants or postmature neonates who experienced a perinatal distress. It is a transient condition of unknown origin; however, hypercalcemia may be a potentially life-threatening complication of this otherwise self-healing process. We report two cases of subcutaneous fat ...
Cassivi Stephen D - - 2004
Since the first reports of esophageal resection for the treatment of various esophageal diseases and disorders, morbidity related to the anastomosis and the chosen replacement conduit have remained a frequent nemesis, a constant concern, and an ongoing area of research and experimentation. In this review of this key component of ...
Muise Aleixo - - 2003
Kawasaki disease (KD) patients are known to be at increased risk for coronary artery lesions. We present evidence of another possible complication associated with KD: macrophage activation syndrome (MAS). In this case, a patient with KD and prolonged fever developed MAS. This case is of particular interest because of the ...
Alyan Omer - - 2003
A 35-year-old woman, diagnosed with polymyositis about 5 years before was admitted to the authors' clinics with syncope attack due to complete atrioventricular (AV) block. Progression of left bundle branch block to complete AV block despite all immune-suppressive treatment, and rarity of this complication in patients with polymyositis prompted the ...
Ahmad Shireen - - 2003
Complications of ophthalmologic nerve blocks are rare, but they can have serious life- and sight-threatening consequences. Knowledge of the potential complications is essential for the anesthesiologist who performs ophthalmologic nerve blocks. However, most anesthesiologists are unfamiliar with these complications because the majority have been reported in the ophthalmology literature. We ...
Barbuscia Maria - - 2003
The authors report their experience with a case of bilateral pleural effusions as a complication of intrathoracic goitre. They then go on to examine all the possible causes of this phenomenon. After discussing the anatomy of the superior mediastinum, they conclude that hydrothorax related to intrathoracic goitre could be the ...
Shimada Hideo - - 2003
We hereby reported a case of 60-year old man with superficial esophageal cancer complicated with idiopathic muscular hypertrophy of the esophagus. Endoscopic ultrasonography and CT showed the thickness of esophageal muscular layer, but the accurate diagnosis could not be entertained before operation. Idiopathic muscular hypertrophy of the esophagus is an ...
Chorost Mitchell I - - 2003
Although fiberoptic colonoscopy has gained wide popularity as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool, there remains an inherent complication rate following colonoscopic evaluation. Endoscopically induced bowel perforation and uncontrolled bleeding often necessitate immediate surgical intervention. Another often-unrecognized complication is the introduction of air into the vertebral venous system. A case of ...
Zaidan R - - 2003
High dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVG) is increasingly used in a broad range of immune mediated diseases. Thrombosis was exceptionally reported as a complication of this therapy. We describe three cases of thrombotic complications during or soon after IVIG treatment: myocardial infarction in a man and cerebral infarctions in an elderly ...
Matsuda Yoshio - - 2003
The case of a complicated pregnancy of a woman who had undergone Cabrol's operation, and whose baby suffered from subdural hematoma is presented. Although the outcome of this case was not so severe, we would like to inform about the risk to both the mother and her fetus as a ...
Mohan Aparna K - - 2003
Agents that block the action of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and recombinant interleukin-1 have been shown to be effective biologic treatment modalities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Given the immunosuppressive effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 blockers, infections have emerged as possible complications of using these agents, an observation foreshadowed ...
Ariyapruchya B - - 2003
We reviewed the laboratory-confirmed cases of leptospirosis in Ramathibodi Hospital, a medical-school hospital in Bangkok, to assess the documented cases of leptospirosis in Bangkok and the medical complications of severe cases. There were 59 cases from January 1994 to December 2000. More than half of the cases were Bangkok residents ...
Hyams Michael - - 2003
To investigate the occurrence and management of late-onset iris prolapse through the surgical wound after nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy. Two cases of iris prolapse that presented 8 and 10 months, respectively, after surgery for glaucoma were reviewed. One of the cases was associated with mild trauma. The postoperative follow-up was 5 ...
Martin Xavier D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The Fernand-Widal triad (FWT) is the association of non-allergic intrinsic asthma, nasal polyposis and sensitivity to Aspirin. The aim of this paper is to describe the possibility of ocular complications, which we found in 3 cases: in 1 case due to the FWT itself and in the other 2 ...
Bradley L J - - 2003
Benign pneumoperitoneum is a complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) feeding tube placement. The rate of occurrence is reported as up to 25%. It is usually an incidental finding that arises immediately following the procedure. We report a case of pneumoperitoneum that developed a significant time after the initial procedure. ...
Hinrichs Clay - - 2003
Gossypibomas are an unusual postoperative complication and are reluctantly reported in the literature. In the past, the patient would require a laparotomy. More recently, they have been treated laparoscopically and percutaneously by interventional radiology. This is the first case report of a gossypiboma treated with colonoscopy. This may represent an ...
Guy R J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Recent reports of serious sepsis following stapled haemorrhoidectomy have raised concerns about the appropriate treatment of haemorrhoidal disease. METHODS: A Medline search was undertaken for reports of sepsis following the commonly practised conservative and surgical treatments of haemorrhoids. RESULTS: Published accounts of significant septic complications after injection sclerotherapy, rubber-band ...
Lewis Kevin L - - 2003
Empyema is one of the potential complications of lower respiratory tract infections. Very rarely, in predisposed individuals, empyema can be caused by Trichomonas species, of which Trichomonas tenax appears to be the most common cause. Here, we present a case of trichomonal empyema in a 56-year-old man and review the ...
Kashima Matthew L - - 2003
We present an unusual case of hypopharyngeal stenosis, secondary to radiation therapy for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, complicated by repeated inadvertent passage of a Maloney dilator through the larynx into the right mainstem bronchus during self-dilation. A brief review of esophageal/hypopharyngeal stenosis and management alternatives is presented. Self-dilation is presented ...
Bernedo N - - 2003
Gastrointestinal and respiratory involvement is common in hereditary angioedema, laryngeal edema being the main cause of mortality in these patients. We report the case of an 18 year-old woman with a history of hereditary angioedema, who presented an episode of coughing and vomiting the night before, and who was diagnosed ...
Fabisiak Danuta B - - 2002
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is removal of myelin material from neural elements in a way that is not clearly known as yet. In this case of CPM, blindness was encountered and was thought to be "hysterical." The blindness went away after four months. After reviewing the literature we suggest the ...
Moghadam Hassan G - - 2002
Few dental procedures have fatal complications, but severe postoperative hemorrhage can result in preventable death. This report describes a case of postextraction hemorrhage that led to airway compromise necessitating emergency airway management. This complication is rare, and a review of the literature revealed little in the way of case reports ...
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