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Results 301 - 350 of 803
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McManus David D - - 2009
Inadvertent lead placement in the left ventricle (LV) is an uncommon and often under-diagnosed complication of cardiac device implantation. Thromboembolic (TE) events are common and usually secondary to fibrosis or thrombus formation on or around the lead. Anticoagulation can prevent TE events. Percutaneous and surgical LV lead extractions have been ...
Winter Leslie - - 2009
The current literature and state of the art on use of botulinum toxin type-A in the treatment of glabellar rhytids was reviewed. Botulinum toxin type-A is a safe and effective way to manage glabellar rhytids. Mastery of the anatomy of the glabellar region, familiarity with the products currently available on ...
Paraskevas George - - 2009
Osteopoikilosis (OP) is a very rare benign sclerosing bony dysplasia with an autosomal dominant inheritance. We describe the morphology of an osteopoikilosis male patient, associated with severe pain on wrist and hand joints, report on the relative literature and focus on clinical significance, due to mimicking capability of other more ...
Aagaard Lise L Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy, Section for Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2009
Reporting adverse drug reactions (ADRs) has traditionally been the sole province of healthcare professionals. Since 2003 in Denmark, consumers have been able to report ADRs directly to the authorities. The objective of this study was to compare ADRs reported by consumers with ADRs reported from other sources, in terms of ...
Viswanathan Ashwin - - 2008
The authors describe a rare case of pneumothorax as a complication of thoracic pedicle screw placement in an 11-year-old girl undergoing posterior segmental instrumentation for a kyphotic deformity. Spontaneous pneumothorax after posterior fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has been reported in the orthopedic literature; however, to the best of the ...
Torrente-Castells Eulàlia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The literature describes different local complications derived from a local anesthetic. The authors present a report of a case of such a complication-a complication of which they have identified only one other similar case in the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 10-year-old girl received an inferior alveolar nerve block injection ...
Nazemi Fariba - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Second instrument tip breaks during phacoemulsification are complications that are anecdotally recalled, yet little information exists on why and how often they occur, whether they are consistently tracked, and how they are managed. They may be an underreported, but potentially serious, complication of phacoemulsification. METHODS: We surveyed 114 cataract ...
Agarwal Sanjeev Kumar - - 2008
Thrombosis late after implantation is an infrequent but increasingly recognized complication following revascularization with drug-eluting stents (DES). The window of vulnerability for this complication with DES remains undefined. Intermediate-term follow up from pivotal trials and registries suggests continuous separation of event curves out to at least 3 years. We briefly ...
Boyse Kathryn E - - 2008
Chemical leukoderma is seen in a variety of clinical settings. We present a case of leukoderma associated with the phenolic derivative thymol found in a common over-the-counter medication for nasal congestion. The proposed mechanism for this type of leukoderma is presented along with other sources of phenolic and catecholic derivatives. ...
Field M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A growing number of hemodialysis patients are dependent upon central venous catheters (CVCs) for long-term vascular access. Although many complications of CVCs have been documented, the phenomenon of the stuck catheter is described relatively infrequently. CASE REPORT: We describe a case where attempts to remove the line by exploration ...
Panselinas Efstratios - - 2008
The expectoration of metal fragments (metalloptysis) is a rare complication after thoracic surgery. It usually occurs in patients with severe emphysema. We present a case of metalloptysis of surgical staples that is unique in several aspects: it occurred longer after surgery than any previously reported case, it occurred after lobar ...
Duprey Ambroise - - 2009
Pseudoaneurysms postangioplasty of the renal artery are a life-threatening complication but are poorly known due to their rarity. The aim of this report is to study this complication through three personal case reports and 10 cases found in a literature review. The data analysis led us to highlight important aspects ...
Wechalekar Mihir D - - 2008
Achalasia cardia is a motility disorder of the oesophagus characterized by aperistalsis of the oesophageal body and incomplete relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter. It usually presents with dysphagia, regurgitation and heartburn. It may have various respiratory manifestations. Rarely, it may be complicated by acute airway compromise causing stridor. This ...
Lanotte Michele - - 2009
Skin erosion is a hardware-related complication commonly described after deep brain stimulation (DBS). Despite the considerable incidence reported in literature, little is written about the management of this complication. In this report, we describe a case of noninfected device extrusion through the skin; in order to prevent infection and system ...
Kumar B Gireesh - - 2008
Splenic complications in malaria may be either simple asymptomatic enlargement or serious conditions, such as splenic infarction, rupture, hematoma or abscess, which can be fatal. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature since 1960. The true incidence of splenic complications is not known because of underdiagnosis and ...
Zaka Zoltán - - 2008
Subcutaneous calcification following radiotherapy is a very rare late complication. Here we report a case of radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease in a patient with ichthyosis. Our review of the literature revealed that subcutaneous calcifications occurred in previously normal skin following irradiation. In our case the calcification developed in abnormal skin ...
Lillie Patrick - - 2008
Discitis is a recognized and serious complication of healthcare. We describe the cases of 4 patients, who presented to our unit over a 1 year period. All had exposure to healthcare before the onset of discitis and developed complex infections. There were no additional risk factors for discitis in any ...
Marchi Evaldo - - 2008
The authors describe a case of transmediastinal migration, and lodging into the right lung, of a Kirschner wire used to fix a fracture of the left clavicle. The medical literature reports cases of intrathoracic migration of Kirschner wire; however, a transmediastinal migration has not been previously described. A small right ...
Cohen Steven P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report two cases of disk injection during transforaminal epidural steroid injection, and to discuss ways to prevent and manage this under-appreciated complication. DESIGN: Case reports and literature reviews. PATIENTS: Two patients with radicular symptoms underwent transforaminal epidural steroid injections under fluoroscopic guidance. The needle in both cases was ...
Shihada Rabia - - 2008
Visual loss following routine nasal surgery is an extremely rare and devastating complication. We report a case of unilateral blindness due to orbital apex syndrome following septoplasty. We also review the literature and discuss probable causes. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second published report of ...
Walsham Anna - - 2008
Reflux of barium sulfate preparations into the biliary tract is rare, but serious complications have been recorded. To consider the implications of such reflux through enterobiliary stents, the literature was reviewed. A case illustrating such an occurrence is presented. Based upon the limited literature available, barium suspension may be retained ...
Ali Muhammad Nasir MN Department of Neurosurgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Civil Hospital, - - 2008
Total intracranial migration of the shunt is a rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for treatment of hydrocephalus. The authors report a case of total intracranial migration of ventriculoperitoneal shunt in a child with a very large head and discuss the possible causes and management.
Sohn Il-Suk - - 2008
This is a case of full-blown Takayasu's arteritis in a young woman complicated with recurrent strokes, which was diagnosed late, after echocardiographic examination identifying concentric left ventricular hypertrophy of unknown cause and falsely normal blood pressure due to arterial stenoses in all four limbs. Herein we describe this interesting and ...
Al-Zahid S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We report an extremely rare upper airway complication of oesophageal stent failure. CASE REPORT: A 58-year-old woman presented four months after having a covered (anti-reflux valve type) oesophageal stent placed for a benign oesophageal stricture. Abdominal radiography showed a broken fragment at the gastroesophageal junction and another fragment in ...
You Chi-Fang - - 2010
Subcapsular renal hematoma (SRH) is an extremely rare complication of acute pyelonephritis (APN). We report a case of SRH complicating APN with a ureteral stone, together with a review of the literature.
Alalami Achir A - - 2008
Laryngospasm is a common complication in pediatric anesthesia. In the majority of cases, laryngospasm is self-limiting. However, sometimes laryngospasm persists and if not appropriately treated, it may result in serious complications that may be life-threatening. The present review discusses laryngospasm with the emphasis on the different prevention and treatment modalities.
Hishmeh Shuriz - - 2008
Priapism is defined as a prolonged engorgement or erection of the penis or clitoris that is unrelated to sexual arousal. Recent studies have determined the incidence of priapism to be between 1.5 and 2.9 per 100,000 person years. The incidence of priapism following elective orthopedic surgery is rare. Defining the ...
Furtado Sunil V - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative management of sellar and suprasellar lesions in children involves regular evaluation of fluid, electrolyte, and neuroendocrine parameters. On discharge, maintenance of water homeostasis is difficult especially among those with access to only basic primary health care. Complications of a chronic hypernatremic state can lead to severe morbidity and ...
Burns Joseph D - - 2008
Tension pneumothorax is a rare complication of the apnea test using the apneic oxygenation method. In reported cases, it has been attributed to massive air trapping beyond a supplemental oxygen cannula that was obstructing the airway. We report a case of tension pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and pneumoperitoneum that developed during the ...
Malomo A O - - 2008
Parkinsonism is a neurodegenerative clinical disorder characterized by varying combinations and degrees of rest tremor, rigidity, slowing of voluntary movements and postural instability. Amongst the aetiologic factors, massive post-craniotormy haematoma has not been previously considered. This report is to arouse the suspicion that vascular displacement in the midbrain resulting from ...
Kim Hong-Ki - - 2008
A cerebrospinal fluid hydrothorax is a very rare complication following ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt and usually reported in children. We report a case of 47-year-old woman who developed massive hydrothorax and respiratory distress following intrathoracic migration of distal shunt catheter. After the confirmation of catheter in thoracic cavity using radionuclide shuntogram, ...
Vavken Patrick - - 2008
Spine surgeons are becoming increasingly aware of sacral insufficiency fractures as a complication after lumbosacral fusions. We present four patients who suffered from sacral fractures after multi-segmental posterior lumbosacral fusion together with a systematic review of the literature that yielded six papers reporting on 12 cases. Summarizing these 16 cases, ...
Quintanar Verdúguez Teresa - - 2008
A 48-year-old woman with a diagnosis of breast carcinoma was treated with adjuvant chemotherapy through a central venous catheter with subcutaneous reservoir (Port-A-Cath). While doxorubicin was administered, the patient presented thoracic pain and breathing distress due to superior vena cava perforation by the central catheter and subsequent extravasation of the ...
R. Ghergherehchi
Subcutaneous Fat Necrosis (SCFN) of the newborn is uncommon, self-limited disorder that occurs in full term infant who experienced a perinatal distress in the first weeks of life. It can be complicated by life threatening hypercalcemia and other rare complication such as hypoglycemia, thrombocytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, anemia and fever. SCFN with ...
Murali R
A rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is presented. A 6-year-old boy presented with a tube coming out of the mouth. He had a VP shunt done earlier. Clinical features and imaging studies showed that the peritoneal end had perforated the stomach and then migrated to and excited from the ...
Badjate Samprati J - - 2008
Concrescence is an uncommon developmental anomaly that may influence exodontia as well as periodontal, endodontic, orthodontic and even prosthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Unexpected complications arising from this condition may lead to legal complications. To minimize risk and adverse outcome of treatment, consideration should be given to recognizing this condition ...
Bhattacharjee Prosanta Kumar - - 2008
Circumcision is one of the common operations performed worldwide, for various reasons. Controversy exists as to whether circumcision is an operation. This literature review discusses the indications of circumcision, benefits and complications of circumcision, and alternatives to circumcision. Relevant articles on the benefits, complications, indications and alternative to circumcision from ...
Borkar Sachin A - - 2008
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is the most commonly performed procedure for the management of hydrocephalus. VP shunt related complications remain a persistent problem in clinical practice. However, extrusion of components of shunt apparatus is very rare. Extrusion of ventriculo-peritonea l(VP) shunt catheter is an unusual complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt Surgery. The ...
Pavey Brian S - - 2008
An ongoing problem for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients has been complications associated with an indwelling PD catheter. The indwelling catheter has been through many modifications aimed at reducing complications and providing effective delivery of dialysis solution. In this report, we review four cases of rare complications associated with presternal PD ...
Jin Faguang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Interventional bronchoscopy is widely used for the diagnosis and therapy of many lung and airway diseases. Concern has been raised about its complications. OBJECTIVE: To review the severe complications associated with bronchoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical records of 23,862 patients who underwent bronchoscopic examination or therapy from ...
Caputo Francis J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheter placement is a common procedure in the intensive care unit. However, these devices are not without complications. We describe the first reported case of descending necrotizing mediastinitis secondary to central venous catheterization without evidence of associated vascular perforation. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A ...
Reed Amanda - - 2007
Vascular injury is an uncommon, but serious, complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Hyperselective angioembolization is an effective means of managing this complication with few reported adverse sequelae. We report a case in which an embolization coil placed after renal hemorrhage subsequently eroded into the collecting system more than 1 year postoperatively ...
Stroebe Margaret - - 2007
The paper argues for a reconceptualization of ruminative coping with the death of a loved one as an avoidant rather than a confrontational strategy. Ruminative coping has been characterized within the bereavement field as persistent, repetitive and passive focus on negative emotions and symptoms. It has been theoretically described and ...
Wang A Y - - 2007
Intramural haematoma of the oesophagus is an uncommon and under-recognized condition. It may mimic other causes of chest pain, haematemesis, or dysphagia, and hence pose a diagnostic challenge. We report a case of an unusual presentation of intramural haematoma of the oesophagus occurring as a presumed complication of endotracheal intubation. ...
Sivaswamy Lalitha - - 2007
Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy is a rare event in childhood, occurring mostly in the setting of major surgical procedures or hypovolemia. We report on a child who presented with this unusual complication during the course of therapy with sildenafil citrate, which is gaining acceptance as a treatment modality for pulmonary ...
Pitta Sridevi - - 2007
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a rare condition that is believed to represent an arrest in endomyocardial morphogenesis. This entity may be complicated by the development of mural thrombi and embolic events, however data on the associated thromboembolic risk is variable and poorly defined. We describe 2 cases of LVNC ...
Levin Liran - - 2007
PURPOSE: To review current relative literature on oral piercing regarding its prevalence, complications and possible side effects An increasing number of patients present to their treating dental professionals wearing jewelry inserted into the peri-oral and intra-oral tissues. Since the literature is mainly confined to individual cases or a small series ...
Cerruto M A - - 2007
A 40-year-old lady presented with marked swelling and inability to open her left eye immediately after laparoscopic nephrectomy for a left pyelonephritic kidney. A diagnosis of periorbital emphysema was made and within 7 days the emphysema spontaneously disappeared. Periorbital emphysema is a rare benign condition that may complicate a laparoscopic ...
Mehdipour Omid - - 2007
Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) in various concentrations is the most widely used endodontic irrigant, but it can be an irritant to vital tissues. There are several reports about the complications of irrigation with NaOCl during root canal therapy. Most of the complications are the result of accidental extrusion of the solution ...
Abbasi Arjang - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive literature review. OBJECTIVES: To review and critically evaluate the past literature focusing on incidence and clinical presentation of complications associated with interlaminar cervical epidural steroid injection (ICESI). The overall goal is to guide the direction of future research and improve clinical care by increasing awareness of ...
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