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Results 251 - 300 of 738
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Kumar B Gireesh - - 2008
Splenic complications in malaria may be either simple asymptomatic enlargement or serious conditions, such as splenic infarction, rupture, hematoma or abscess, which can be fatal. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature since 1960. The true incidence of splenic complications is not known because of underdiagnosis and ...
Zaka Zoltán - - 2008
Subcutaneous calcification following radiotherapy is a very rare late complication. Here we report a case of radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease in a patient with ichthyosis. Our review of the literature revealed that subcutaneous calcifications occurred in previously normal skin following irradiation. In our case the calcification developed in abnormal skin ...
Lillie Patrick - - 2008
Discitis is a recognized and serious complication of healthcare. We describe the cases of 4 patients, who presented to our unit over a 1 year period. All had exposure to healthcare before the onset of discitis and developed complex infections. There were no additional risk factors for discitis in any ...
Marchi Evaldo - - 2008
The authors describe a case of transmediastinal migration, and lodging into the right lung, of a Kirschner wire used to fix a fracture of the left clavicle. The medical literature reports cases of intrathoracic migration of Kirschner wire; however, a transmediastinal migration has not been previously described. A small right ...
Cohen Steven P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report two cases of disk injection during transforaminal epidural steroid injection, and to discuss ways to prevent and manage this under-appreciated complication. DESIGN: Case reports and literature reviews. PATIENTS: Two patients with radicular symptoms underwent transforaminal epidural steroid injections under fluoroscopic guidance. The needle in both cases was ...
Shihada Rabia - - 2008
Visual loss following routine nasal surgery is an extremely rare and devastating complication. We report a case of unilateral blindness due to orbital apex syndrome following septoplasty. We also review the literature and discuss probable causes. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second published report of ...
Walsham Anna - - 2008
Reflux of barium sulfate preparations into the biliary tract is rare, but serious complications have been recorded. To consider the implications of such reflux through enterobiliary stents, the literature was reviewed. A case illustrating such an occurrence is presented. Based upon the limited literature available, barium suspension may be retained ...
Ali Muhammad Nasir MN Department of Neurosurgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Civil Hospital, - - 2008
Total intracranial migration of the shunt is a rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for treatment of hydrocephalus. The authors report a case of total intracranial migration of ventriculoperitoneal shunt in a child with a very large head and discuss the possible causes and management.
Sohn Il-Suk - - 2008
This is a case of full-blown Takayasu's arteritis in a young woman complicated with recurrent strokes, which was diagnosed late, after echocardiographic examination identifying concentric left ventricular hypertrophy of unknown cause and falsely normal blood pressure due to arterial stenoses in all four limbs. Herein we describe this interesting and ...
Al-Zahid S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We report an extremely rare upper airway complication of oesophageal stent failure. CASE REPORT: A 58-year-old woman presented four months after having a covered (anti-reflux valve type) oesophageal stent placed for a benign oesophageal stricture. Abdominal radiography showed a broken fragment at the gastroesophageal junction and another fragment in ...
You Chi-Fang - - 2010
Subcapsular renal hematoma (SRH) is an extremely rare complication of acute pyelonephritis (APN). We report a case of SRH complicating APN with a ureteral stone, together with a review of the literature.
Alalami Achir A - - 2008
Laryngospasm is a common complication in pediatric anesthesia. In the majority of cases, laryngospasm is self-limiting. However, sometimes laryngospasm persists and if not appropriately treated, it may result in serious complications that may be life-threatening. The present review discusses laryngospasm with the emphasis on the different prevention and treatment modalities.
Hishmeh Shuriz - - 2008
Priapism is defined as a prolonged engorgement or erection of the penis or clitoris that is unrelated to sexual arousal. Recent studies have determined the incidence of priapism to be between 1.5 and 2.9 per 100,000 person years. The incidence of priapism following elective orthopedic surgery is rare. Defining the ...
Furtado Sunil V - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative management of sellar and suprasellar lesions in children involves regular evaluation of fluid, electrolyte, and neuroendocrine parameters. On discharge, maintenance of water homeostasis is difficult especially among those with access to only basic primary health care. Complications of a chronic hypernatremic state can lead to severe morbidity and ...
Burns Joseph D - - 2008
Tension pneumothorax is a rare complication of the apnea test using the apneic oxygenation method. In reported cases, it has been attributed to massive air trapping beyond a supplemental oxygen cannula that was obstructing the airway. We report a case of tension pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and pneumoperitoneum that developed during the ...
Malomo A O - - 2008
Parkinsonism is a neurodegenerative clinical disorder characterized by varying combinations and degrees of rest tremor, rigidity, slowing of voluntary movements and postural instability. Amongst the aetiologic factors, massive post-craniotormy haematoma has not been previously considered. This report is to arouse the suspicion that vascular displacement in the midbrain resulting from ...
Kim Hong-Ki - - 2008
A cerebrospinal fluid hydrothorax is a very rare complication following ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt and usually reported in children. We report a case of 47-year-old woman who developed massive hydrothorax and respiratory distress following intrathoracic migration of distal shunt catheter. After the confirmation of catheter in thoracic cavity using radionuclide shuntogram, ...
Vavken Patrick - - 2008
Spine surgeons are becoming increasingly aware of sacral insufficiency fractures as a complication after lumbosacral fusions. We present four patients who suffered from sacral fractures after multi-segmental posterior lumbosacral fusion together with a systematic review of the literature that yielded six papers reporting on 12 cases. Summarizing these 16 cases, ...
Quintanar Verdúguez Teresa - - 2008
A 48-year-old woman with a diagnosis of breast carcinoma was treated with adjuvant chemotherapy through a central venous catheter with subcutaneous reservoir (Port-A-Cath). While doxorubicin was administered, the patient presented thoracic pain and breathing distress due to superior vena cava perforation by the central catheter and subsequent extravasation of the ...
R. Ghergherehchi
Subcutaneous Fat Necrosis (SCFN) of the newborn is uncommon, self-limited disorder that occurs in full term infant who experienced a perinatal distress in the first weeks of life. It can be complicated by life threatening hypercalcemia and other rare complication such as hypoglycemia, thrombocytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, anemia and fever. SCFN with ...
Murali R
A rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is presented. A 6-year-old boy presented with a tube coming out of the mouth. He had a VP shunt done earlier. Clinical features and imaging studies showed that the peritoneal end had perforated the stomach and then migrated to and excited from the ...
Badjate Samprati J - - 2008
Concrescence is an uncommon developmental anomaly that may influence exodontia as well as periodontal, endodontic, orthodontic and even prosthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Unexpected complications arising from this condition may lead to legal complications. To minimize risk and adverse outcome of treatment, consideration should be given to recognizing this condition ...
Bhattacharjee Prosanta Kumar - - 2008
Circumcision is one of the common operations performed worldwide, for various reasons. Controversy exists as to whether circumcision is an operation. This literature review discusses the indications of circumcision, benefits and complications of circumcision, and alternatives to circumcision. Relevant articles on the benefits, complications, indications and alternative to circumcision from ...
Borkar Sachin A - - 2008
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is the most commonly performed procedure for the management of hydrocephalus. VP shunt related complications remain a persistent problem in clinical practice. However, extrusion of components of shunt apparatus is very rare. Extrusion of ventriculo-peritonea l(VP) shunt catheter is an unusual complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt Surgery. The ...
Pavey Brian S - - 2008
An ongoing problem for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients has been complications associated with an indwelling PD catheter. The indwelling catheter has been through many modifications aimed at reducing complications and providing effective delivery of dialysis solution. In this report, we review four cases of rare complications associated with presternal PD ...
Jin Faguang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Interventional bronchoscopy is widely used for the diagnosis and therapy of many lung and airway diseases. Concern has been raised about its complications. OBJECTIVE: To review the severe complications associated with bronchoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical records of 23,862 patients who underwent bronchoscopic examination or therapy from ...
Caputo Francis J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheter placement is a common procedure in the intensive care unit. However, these devices are not without complications. We describe the first reported case of descending necrotizing mediastinitis secondary to central venous catheterization without evidence of associated vascular perforation. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A ...
Reed Amanda - - 2007
Vascular injury is an uncommon, but serious, complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Hyperselective angioembolization is an effective means of managing this complication with few reported adverse sequelae. We report a case in which an embolization coil placed after renal hemorrhage subsequently eroded into the collecting system more than 1 year postoperatively ...
Stroebe Margaret - - 2007
The paper argues for a reconceptualization of ruminative coping with the death of a loved one as an avoidant rather than a confrontational strategy. Ruminative coping has been characterized within the bereavement field as persistent, repetitive and passive focus on negative emotions and symptoms. It has been theoretically described and ...
Wang A Y - - 2007
Intramural haematoma of the oesophagus is an uncommon and under-recognized condition. It may mimic other causes of chest pain, haematemesis, or dysphagia, and hence pose a diagnostic challenge. We report a case of an unusual presentation of intramural haematoma of the oesophagus occurring as a presumed complication of endotracheal intubation. ...
Sivaswamy Lalitha - - 2007
Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy is a rare event in childhood, occurring mostly in the setting of major surgical procedures or hypovolemia. We report on a child who presented with this unusual complication during the course of therapy with sildenafil citrate, which is gaining acceptance as a treatment modality for pulmonary ...
Pitta Sridevi - - 2007
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a rare condition that is believed to represent an arrest in endomyocardial morphogenesis. This entity may be complicated by the development of mural thrombi and embolic events, however data on the associated thromboembolic risk is variable and poorly defined. We describe 2 cases of LVNC ...
Levin Liran - - 2007
PURPOSE: To review current relative literature on oral piercing regarding its prevalence, complications and possible side effects An increasing number of patients present to their treating dental professionals wearing jewelry inserted into the peri-oral and intra-oral tissues. Since the literature is mainly confined to individual cases or a small series ...
Cerruto M A - - 2007
A 40-year-old lady presented with marked swelling and inability to open her left eye immediately after laparoscopic nephrectomy for a left pyelonephritic kidney. A diagnosis of periorbital emphysema was made and within 7 days the emphysema spontaneously disappeared. Periorbital emphysema is a rare benign condition that may complicate a laparoscopic ...
Mehdipour Omid - - 2007
Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) in various concentrations is the most widely used endodontic irrigant, but it can be an irritant to vital tissues. There are several reports about the complications of irrigation with NaOCl during root canal therapy. Most of the complications are the result of accidental extrusion of the solution ...
Abbasi Arjang - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive literature review. OBJECTIVES: To review and critically evaluate the past literature focusing on incidence and clinical presentation of complications associated with interlaminar cervical epidural steroid injection (ICESI). The overall goal is to guide the direction of future research and improve clinical care by increasing awareness of ...
Sims H Steven - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the complication of pneumothorax from alveolar rupture after transtracheal high-frequency jet ventilation and to present a case of pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and pneumoperitoneum after jet ventilation coupled with use of the microdebrider. METHOD: Detailed case report. RESULTS: Unilateral pnuemothorax, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum and retroperitoneal air discovered after jet ...
Beer Kenneth Robert - - 2007
Radiesse was approved for cosmetic use by the US FDA in December of 2006. Prior to this approval it had been widely used off-label for a variety of areas including lip augmentation. With increased use, complications including nodule formation were reported. The formation of nodules at a site distant from ...
Ouma J J Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2007
Optochiasmatic arachnoiditis (OCA) is a serious complication that can occur after wrapping of aneurysms in the proximity of the optic pathways. This paper seeks to illustrate one such case with a view to drawing attention to the dangers of this practice. Single case report and review of the literature. The ...
Khalid M S - - 2008
Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema are rare complications of acute asthma. If pneumomediastinum occurs it can cause compression on major vessels in the mediastinum and neck and can lead to low blood pressure along with chest pain and other life-threatening complications. Therefore, knowledge of this condition and its proper management are ...
Jansen Nicoline E - - 2007
Endometrial ablation is used extensively to treat dysfunctional bleeding. Since the introduction of Essure tubal sterilization, this permanent contraception method has been widely used. Both endometrial ablation and Essure sterilization are procedures reported to have only a few complications. We describe a serious infectious complication shortly after an endometrial ablation ...
Richards T - - 2007
Femoral arterial puncture is the main access for diagnostic and therapeutic intervention in vascular disease. Significant complications are unusual and include uncontrolled bleeding which usually requires surgery. We report the use of ultrasound-guided thrombin injection that prevented any immediate need for surgery in 2 cases of uncontrolled bleeding following femoral ...
Ağaoğlu N - - 2007
Tracheomalacia is a rare complication that may occur in patients undergoing thyroidectomy for a along-standing goiter. A case of tracheomalacia due to compression of the trachea with a giant multinodular goiter is reported. Following total thyroidectomy the tracheal ring was fixed bilaterally to periosteum of sternal end of the clavicle. ...
Nourbakhsh Ali - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A case report with a review of the literature. OBJECTIVES: Anterior cervical spine surgery (ACS) has received widespread acceptance, and as a result, a variety of complications have been reported. Several cases of esophageal complications, arising from the use of various implants and grafts, have been described. The ...
Selvais P L PL Endocrinology Department, Centre Hospitatier Hornu-Frameries, Hornu, Belgium. - - 2007
We report an unusually severe case of emphysematous pyelonephritis with very extensive kidney necrosis that led to unilateral nephrectomy. We discuss the diagnosis and treatment options in this very rare complication of pyelonephritis almost exclusively encoutered in diabetic patients.
Gutenberg Angelika - - 2007
Nontraumatic adrenal hemorrhage in adults is uncommon and unexpected in the context of intracranial surgery. The authors report on a patient in whom hemodynamically relevant retroperitoneal bleeding developed within hours after an otherwise uneventful operation for a falcine meningioma. In this brief report they seek to draw attention to this ...
Salour H - - 2007
PURPOSE: Polycarbonate peg has been customarily used for pegging of hydroxyapatite for years. For better movement, tissue tolerance, and to decrease the complications of pegging, titanium peg system has been used. This study compares the two systems. METHODS: Complications associated with pegging (polycarbonate: Bio-Eye or titanium: Dr-Perry new P-K) were ...
Guerrero Anthony P S - - 2007
In this article, a local case of a centipede bite, with fairly typical symptoms and an uncomplicated course, is presented. The literature is reviewed, indicating that serious complications, while rare, are possible. The author recommends that clinicians structure assessments of centipede bites around knowledge of serious potential complications and provide ...
Iseki K - - 2007
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a disease that is known to be accompanied by various complications. But the relationship between these complications and MG and the treatment for these complications still partly remain unknown. We report two cases of MG with unusual complications. The first one is a case of a ...
Kasher John Afshin - - 2007
Tetanus after hemorrhoidal banding is an extremely rare but serious complication of the procedure. We describe the second reported case of this complication and review the literature concerning tetanus after different gastrointestinal procedures. Although a rare complication, practicing physicians need to be aware of the clinical presentation of this deadly ...
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