Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 722
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Stojadinovic Alexander - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Consistent and reliable standards for reporting of regional anesthetic adverse events are lacking. The quality of reporting of regional anesthetic morbidity has not been assessed critically. AIM: To evaluate quality of regional anesthesia outcomes reporting. Methods. Published retrospective or prospective observational cohort or randomized controlled trials in peer-reviewed journals ...
Park Jae-Suk - - 2009
Remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH) is one of the rare complications occurring after supratentorial surgery, and its pathomechanism is poorly understood. We report 10 cases of RCH from our institution and review 154 cases from a database in order to delineate incidence, common presentation, risk factors, and outcomes of this complication. ...
Beier Alexandra D - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Subdural hematomas (SDHs) have been described as a rare complication from durotomy after lumbar spine surgery. In half of the reported cases, the durotomy was unnoticed intraoperatively. The most common presenting symptom was persistent headache. PURPOSE: To report a case of SDH after routine microdiscectomy and to review ...
Sengottayan Vengetesh K - - 2009
We present an unusual case of a fragmented, long forgotten double-J stent with incontinence as a result of partial extrusion of the lower fragment across the urinary sphincters. After reviewing the published data, incontinence as a presenting complaint, to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported for this ...
Harb Ayad - - 2010
Portal pyaemia is a rare phenomenon that can complicate a variety of pathologies and surgical procedures. It has a predilection for elderly and immunocompromised patients. We present a review of the related literature and report an exceptional case of fulminant portal pyaemia, with an atypical presentation in a patient with ...
Bach Bernard R BR - - 2009
Intra-articular migration of an epiphysiodesis staple is an unreported complication in the literature. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented with a loose distal femoral epiphysiodesis staple migrated into the posterior compartment of the knee joint. During arthroscopy, a posteromedial capsulotomy and a posterolateral portal were used ...
Manden Prasad K - - 2009
Pneumorrhachis (PR), or epidural emphysema, denotes the presence of air in the spinal epidural space. It can be associated with a variety of etiologies, including trauma; recent iatrogenic manipulations during surgical, anesthesiological and diagnostic interventions; malignancy and its associated therapy. It usually represents an asymptomatic epiphenomenon but also can be ...
McKenzie Wm Stuart - - 2009
PURPOSE: Subcutaneous emphysema arises when air is forced beneath the tissue, leading to swelling, crepitus on palpation, and potential to spread along the fascial planes. The goal of this literature review is to alert the oral and maxillofacial surgeon to the inciting factors, diagnosis, and management of subcutaneous emphysema. PATIENTS ...
Chan Wee Shian - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has increased tremendously in the past three decades. During the process of ART, supraphysiological estradiol levels with exogenous hormone administration can result. One major complication of this intervention, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), is associated with both arterial and venous thromboembolic ...
Van Den Bos Renate R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, minimally invasive techniques have been introduced in the treatment of lower extremity varicosities. Of these therapies, endovenous laser ablation is the most widely accepted and used treatment option for insufficient great and short saphenous veins. OBJECTIVE: To present a review of reported common and rare ...
Hoeger P H - - 2009
We report three cases of neonatal haemangiomatosis associated with large placental chorioangioma. Pregnancies were complicated by polyhydramnios, and all mothers underwent amniocentesis to drain the liquid. Steroid treatment was required for two children. Although the theory has been largely disproved in normal haemangiomas, embolization of precursor endothelial cells derived from ...
Nasir Abdul - - 2009
Pseudoaneurysms of the internal mammary artery (IMA) following median sternotomy are very uncommon and were first reported in 1973. Presentation and treatment of such a complication has been variable. We are presenting a case of a patient with pseudoaneurysm of IMA after mitral valve replacement. Selective embolization of the branches ...
Sridhar K - - 2009
A rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) is bowel perforation by the peritoneal catheter of the shunt tube. Rarer still is the peroral extrusion of such a perforated shunt. A two-month-old infant with history of neonatal meningitis, presented with a large head, bulging fontanelle, and hydrocephalus. A VPS was inserted. ...
Skipworth J R A - - 2009
We present a case of splenic rupture in a 71-year-old woman admitted 6 days following a diagnostic colonoscopy. She underwent an open splenectomy and made a delayed, but complete, recovery. We proceeded to perform a retrospective review of all relevant literature to assess the frequency of similar post-colonoscopy complications. Using ...
Cheong Min Lee - - 2009
We present a case report of a patient with pneumocranium secondary to halo vest pin penetration and a review of literature. The objectives of this study are to report a rare complication of halo vest pin insertion and to discuss methods of prevention of this complication. Halo vest orthosis is ...
Huang T-C - - 2009
Mediastinitis is a life-threatening condition and would appear to have been rarely reported as arising as a central-venous catheter-associated complication. Here we report on one cancer patient featuring a Port-A catheter tip positioned within the innominate vein, who developed mediastinitis and mediastinitis-like symptoms subsequent to chemotherapeutic-agent infusion through this catheter. ...
Aroor Rajeshwari - - 2009
Many complications and sequelae after laryngectomy have been described in the literature. Here, we are reporting an unusual, till now, unreported complication after laryngectomy. A 51-year-old man who underwent total laryngectomy for stage 3 carcinoma of larynx presented with cough on attempting to shave the beard 4 months after the ...
Chen Szu-Chia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of possible cocaine-related vasculitis resulting in gangrene of the scrotum and review the literature on cocaine-related vascular complications. CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old male presented with fever, painful swelling of the right scrotum, and a blackened ulcerated lesion on the right scrotum 3 hours after smoking ...
Ziebolz Dirk - - 2009
The aims of this review of the literature are to offer further insights into possible problems related to tongue piercing and present three case reports showing undesired effects of tongue piercing. From a dental perspective, oral piercings and especially tongue piercings are not a harmless fashion trend since they can ...
Sergides Neoptolemos N - - 2009
Migration of orthopaedic fixation wires into the thoracic cavity occurs infrequently, but can have dire consequences. Although rare, intrathoracic migration is a serious complication that demands immediate removal. We present a case of a 59-year-old man with an intrathoracic migration of a Steinman wire used for the treatment of a ...
Loo Steven King-Fan - - 2009
Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), of which there are over 100 types, which probably infects the skin via areas of minimal trauma. Risk factors include use of communal showers, occupational handling of meat, and immunosuppression. In immunocompetent people, warts are harmless and resolve as a result of ...
McManus David D - - 2009
Inadvertent lead placement in the left ventricle (LV) is an uncommon and often under-diagnosed complication of cardiac device implantation. Thromboembolic (TE) events are common and usually secondary to fibrosis or thrombus formation on or around the lead. Anticoagulation can prevent TE events. Percutaneous and surgical LV lead extractions have been ...
Winter Leslie - - 2009
The current literature and state of the art on use of botulinum toxin type-A in the treatment of glabellar rhytids was reviewed. Botulinum toxin type-A is a safe and effective way to manage glabellar rhytids. Mastery of the anatomy of the glabellar region, familiarity with the products currently available on ...
Paraskevas George - - 2009
Osteopoikilosis (OP) is a very rare benign sclerosing bony dysplasia with an autosomal dominant inheritance. We describe the morphology of an osteopoikilosis male patient, associated with severe pain on wrist and hand joints, report on the relative literature and focus on clinical significance, due to mimicking capability of other more ...
Viswanathan Ashwin - - 2008
The authors describe a rare case of pneumothorax as a complication of thoracic pedicle screw placement in an 11-year-old girl undergoing posterior segmental instrumentation for a kyphotic deformity. Spontaneous pneumothorax after posterior fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has been reported in the orthopedic literature; however, to the best of the ...
Torrente-Castells Eulàlia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The literature describes different local complications derived from a local anesthetic. The authors present a report of a case of such a complication-a complication of which they have identified only one other similar case in the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 10-year-old girl received an inferior alveolar nerve block injection ...
Nazemi Fariba - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Second instrument tip breaks during phacoemulsification are complications that are anecdotally recalled, yet little information exists on why and how often they occur, whether they are consistently tracked, and how they are managed. They may be an underreported, but potentially serious, complication of phacoemulsification. METHODS: We surveyed 114 cataract ...
Agarwal Sanjeev Kumar - - 2008
Thrombosis late after implantation is an infrequent but increasingly recognized complication following revascularization with drug-eluting stents (DES). The window of vulnerability for this complication with DES remains undefined. Intermediate-term follow up from pivotal trials and registries suggests continuous separation of event curves out to at least 3 years. We briefly ...
Boyse Kathryn E - - 2008
Chemical leukoderma is seen in a variety of clinical settings. We present a case of leukoderma associated with the phenolic derivative thymol found in a common over-the-counter medication for nasal congestion. The proposed mechanism for this type of leukoderma is presented along with other sources of phenolic and catecholic derivatives. ...
Field M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A growing number of hemodialysis patients are dependent upon central venous catheters (CVCs) for long-term vascular access. Although many complications of CVCs have been documented, the phenomenon of the stuck catheter is described relatively infrequently. CASE REPORT: We describe a case where attempts to remove the line by exploration ...
Panselinas Efstratios - - 2008
The expectoration of metal fragments (metalloptysis) is a rare complication after thoracic surgery. It usually occurs in patients with severe emphysema. We present a case of metalloptysis of surgical staples that is unique in several aspects: it occurred longer after surgery than any previously reported case, it occurred after lobar ...
Duprey Ambroise - - 2009
Pseudoaneurysms postangioplasty of the renal artery are a life-threatening complication but are poorly known due to their rarity. The aim of this report is to study this complication through three personal case reports and 10 cases found in a literature review. The data analysis led us to highlight important aspects ...
Wechalekar Mihir D - - 2008
Achalasia cardia is a motility disorder of the oesophagus characterized by aperistalsis of the oesophageal body and incomplete relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter. It usually presents with dysphagia, regurgitation and heartburn. It may have various respiratory manifestations. Rarely, it may be complicated by acute airway compromise causing stridor. This ...
Lanotte Michele - - 2009
Skin erosion is a hardware-related complication commonly described after deep brain stimulation (DBS). Despite the considerable incidence reported in literature, little is written about the management of this complication. In this report, we describe a case of noninfected device extrusion through the skin; in order to prevent infection and system ...
Kumar B Gireesh - - 2008
Splenic complications in malaria may be either simple asymptomatic enlargement or serious conditions, such as splenic infarction, rupture, hematoma or abscess, which can be fatal. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature since 1960. The true incidence of splenic complications is not known because of underdiagnosis and ...
Zaka Zoltán - - 2008
Subcutaneous calcification following radiotherapy is a very rare late complication. Here we report a case of radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease in a patient with ichthyosis. Our review of the literature revealed that subcutaneous calcifications occurred in previously normal skin following irradiation. In our case the calcification developed in abnormal skin ...
Lillie Patrick - - 2008
Discitis is a recognized and serious complication of healthcare. We describe the cases of 4 patients, who presented to our unit over a 1 year period. All had exposure to healthcare before the onset of discitis and developed complex infections. There were no additional risk factors for discitis in any ...
Marchi Evaldo - - 2008
The authors describe a case of transmediastinal migration, and lodging into the right lung, of a Kirschner wire used to fix a fracture of the left clavicle. The medical literature reports cases of intrathoracic migration of Kirschner wire; however, a transmediastinal migration has not been previously described. A small right ...
Cohen Steven P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report two cases of disk injection during transforaminal epidural steroid injection, and to discuss ways to prevent and manage this under-appreciated complication. DESIGN: Case reports and literature reviews. PATIENTS: Two patients with radicular symptoms underwent transforaminal epidural steroid injections under fluoroscopic guidance. The needle in both cases was ...
Shihada Rabia - - 2008
Visual loss following routine nasal surgery is an extremely rare and devastating complication. We report a case of unilateral blindness due to orbital apex syndrome following septoplasty. We also review the literature and discuss probable causes. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second published report of ...
Walsham Anna - - 2008
Reflux of barium sulfate preparations into the biliary tract is rare, but serious complications have been recorded. To consider the implications of such reflux through enterobiliary stents, the literature was reviewed. A case illustrating such an occurrence is presented. Based upon the limited literature available, barium suspension may be retained ...
Ali Muhammad Nasir MN Department of Neurosurgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Civil Hospital, - - 2008
Total intracranial migration of the shunt is a rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for treatment of hydrocephalus. The authors report a case of total intracranial migration of ventriculoperitoneal shunt in a child with a very large head and discuss the possible causes and management.
Sohn Il-Suk - - 2008
This is a case of full-blown Takayasu's arteritis in a young woman complicated with recurrent strokes, which was diagnosed late, after echocardiographic examination identifying concentric left ventricular hypertrophy of unknown cause and falsely normal blood pressure due to arterial stenoses in all four limbs. Herein we describe this interesting and ...
Al-Zahid S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We report an extremely rare upper airway complication of oesophageal stent failure. CASE REPORT: A 58-year-old woman presented four months after having a covered (anti-reflux valve type) oesophageal stent placed for a benign oesophageal stricture. Abdominal radiography showed a broken fragment at the gastroesophageal junction and another fragment in ...
You Chi-Fang - - 2010
Subcapsular renal hematoma (SRH) is an extremely rare complication of acute pyelonephritis (APN). We report a case of SRH complicating APN with a ureteral stone, together with a review of the literature.
Alalami Achir A - - 2008
Laryngospasm is a common complication in pediatric anesthesia. In the majority of cases, laryngospasm is self-limiting. However, sometimes laryngospasm persists and if not appropriately treated, it may result in serious complications that may be life-threatening. The present review discusses laryngospasm with the emphasis on the different prevention and treatment modalities.
Hishmeh Shuriz - - 2008
Priapism is defined as a prolonged engorgement or erection of the penis or clitoris that is unrelated to sexual arousal. Recent studies have determined the incidence of priapism to be between 1.5 and 2.9 per 100,000 person years. The incidence of priapism following elective orthopedic surgery is rare. Defining the ...
Furtado Sunil V - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative management of sellar and suprasellar lesions in children involves regular evaluation of fluid, electrolyte, and neuroendocrine parameters. On discharge, maintenance of water homeostasis is difficult especially among those with access to only basic primary health care. Complications of a chronic hypernatremic state can lead to severe morbidity and ...
Burns Joseph D - - 2008
Tension pneumothorax is a rare complication of the apnea test using the apneic oxygenation method. In reported cases, it has been attributed to massive air trapping beyond a supplemental oxygen cannula that was obstructing the airway. We report a case of tension pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and pneumoperitoneum that developed during the ...
Malomo A O - - 2008
Parkinsonism is a neurodegenerative clinical disorder characterized by varying combinations and degrees of rest tremor, rigidity, slowing of voluntary movements and postural instability. Amongst the aetiologic factors, massive post-craniotormy haematoma has not been previously considered. This report is to arouse the suspicion that vascular displacement in the midbrain resulting from ...
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