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Hassadia Ayman - - 2012
To highlight the clinical presentation, treatment, histological review and outcome of patients referred to the Sheffield Centre with possible ectopic gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). A retrospective case note review of patients with possible ectopic GTD referred to the Sheffield Centre between 1997 and 2010 was performed. During the 13 years ...
Linnell Joshua D - - 2012
Ultraviolet (UV) dyes are used as inks in garment printing. Hypersensitivity reactions to these compounds have been reported in the literature. The authors report a case of reaction to UV ink in a patient already on corticosteroid therapy. The patient's clinical course was reviewed along with images of wounds that ...
Masood Syed Asif - - 2012
The haematologic disorder b-thalassemia major is common in Pakistan. We describe a patient with undiagnosed thalassemia presenting with hypertension and convulsions and found to have cerebral haemorrhage on neuro-imaging. He had been transfused 2 weeks before this illness. Our experience is similar to a few case reports described in literature ...
Komeya Mitsuru - - 2012
A 70-year-old man presented with a left scrotal swelling. A computed tomography scan showed an 8-cm left scrotal mass and no metastasis. Radical orchiectomy with high ligation of the spermatic cord was performed. The tumor was classified as a high-grade leiomyosarcoma of the left testis. An intensive follow-up including repeated ...
Patel Sandeep M - - 2012
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a disease of alveolar accumulation of phospholipoproteinaceous material that results in gas exchange impairment leading to dyspnea and alveolar infiltrates. There are three forms of PAP: congenital, acquired and idiopathic; of which the latter two are predominant in the adult population. Previous case studies have ...
Hernández-Bel P - - 2012
Syphilitic alopecia occurs in only 4% of patients with syphilis. We present 5 cases of this uncommon manifestation and review the corresponding literature. All of the patients in our series were men aged between 31 and 46 years. The lesions, which were located mainly in the parieto-occipital area of the ...
Albuquerque Andreia - - 2012
We report a case of a cirrhotic patient who developed a spontaneous bacterial empyema due to Clostridium perfringens. To our knowledge, only two cases of spontaneous bacterial empyema due to C. perfringens in cirrhotic patients were previously reported in literature. It should be suspected in a Child C cirrhotic patient, ...
Maillet Jean Michel - - 2012
Infectious aortitis has become a rare disease thanks to the widespread use of antibiotics. We report the case of a patient who, 15 days after initiation of antibiotics for bacteraemia due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), developed acute chest pain followed by haemodynamic instability. A tamponade due to a rupture ...
Duggan Joan - - 2012
AIDS-related cryptococcal meningitis can result in significant vision loss, but the risk factors, prognostic features, and optimal management of patients with ocular complications is unknown. We present 2 cases of blindness associated with cryptococcal meningitis and review the literature for associated cases. Twenty-six additional cases of vision deterioration or loss ...
Liang Conan - - 2012
Abstract Extramedullary acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) is a rare neoplasm with complex clinical presentations and is frequently confused with other small blue cell tumors (SBCT) in pediatric patients. Primary mastoid manifestation of AMKL has never been reported. The extreme rarity of mastoid AMKL combined with the tendency of extramedullary AMKL ...
Castro José Guillermo - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinic prevalence and clinical characteristics of patients with LGV since 2007 when active clinic surveillance started. We review all the reports of rectal Chlamydia trachomatis and LGV testing of those samples. Chlamydia trachomatis LGV DNA was detected by Nucleic Acid Amplification/ompA ...
Bhole M V - - 2012
Local anaesthetic (LA) agents have been routinely used in dentistry, ophthalmology, minor surgery, and obstetrics since the late nineteenth century. Reports relating to adverse reactions and LA allergy have appeared in the published literature for several years. However, the incidence of true, IgE-mediated LA allergy remains uncertain and is presumed ...
Mushtaque Majid - - 2012
A biloma is an encapsulated bile collection outside the biliary tree. Most cases are caused mainly by iatrogenic injury and trauma, and are usually located in the sub-hepatic space. Spontaneous biloma is an uncommon entity. We report three rare cases of spontaneous hepatic subcapsular biloma formation in association with choledocholithiasis ...
Ranger Adrianna M - - 2012
This study aimed to identify the causes and contributing factors, neurologic presentation, and outcomes of central pontine and extrapontine myelinolysis and to examine any trends in the presentation and course of these disorders over the past 50 years. Seventy-six pediatric cases were identified in the literature. Age, sex, decade of ...
Nash R - - 2012
Background:Spontaneous pneumocephalus is a rare condition that has been reported infrequently. Alien limb syndrome is an uncommon phenomenon most often seen in patients with frontal and callosal lesions.Method:Case report of a patient with pneumocephalus presenting with alien limb syndrome. The patient underwent successful surgical management. A literature review and discussion ...
Omair Mohammed A - - 2012
Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFI) are novel therapies used to treat ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Demyelinating disease is a rare but serious complication of TNFI. We report a patient with a case of AS who developed demyelinating disease secondary to TNFI and was treated successfully with rituximab.
Bando Hideki - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: We report the first case of laryngeal stenosis with granuloma in a patient with severe congenital neutropenia (SCN). STUDY DESIGN: Case report and retrospective review. METHODS: Review of medical records. RESULTS: A 6-year-old female who was diagnosed with SCN presented with a cough and wheezing. An endoscopic study revealed ...
Abreu Cândida - - 2012
Listeria monocytogenes is an aerobic gram positive intracellular bacillus, predominantly affecting pregnant women, immunocompromised patients and old individuals. Invasive listeriosis, meningitis and meningoencephalitis, bacteraemia with or without joint, eye or heart focalization are clinical manifestations of the disease. Anti-TNF-α drugs blocking the host's response against various microorganisms, particularly intracellular agents ...
Gooskens S L M - - 2012
Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) is a rare renal tumour that is observed most often in children under 3years of age. Only a few large series of CCSK have been reported and patients with CCSK are often included among patients with other types of childhood renal tumours. The ...
Spiliopoulou Anastasia - - 2012
Rhodotorula species are commensal yeasts that have emerged as a cause of life-threatening fungemia in severely immunocompromised patients. A case of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa fungemia in a 48-year-old woman that had undergone consecutive abdominal surgeries due to ovarian cancer and bowel necrosis while she was receiving fluconazole prophylaxis is presented. Several ...
Guleri Achyut - - 2012
Abstract Background: Anaphylactic reactions to chlorhexidine are rare but are being reported increasingly in association with a variety of products. Methods: We report three cases of anaphylaxis to chlorhexidine in patients presenting for cardiac surgery. Results: In each case, anaphylaxis was precipitated by the insertion of a central venous catheter ...
Livovsky Dan M DM - - 2012
Bordetella holmesii is a slow-growing, gram-negative, non-oxidizing, brown soluble pigment-producing bacillus, originally described by Wayant et al. as CDC nonoxidizer group 2 (NO-2) (Weyant et al., 1995). It has recently been shown that B. holmesii may be isolated from nasopharyngeal specimens of up to 20% of patients with pertussis-like symptoms ...
Abdelrahman M Z - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Strongyloides stercoralis infection can persist in the host for several decades, and patients with cancer and other clinical conditions who are exposed to immunosuppressive therapy are at risk of developing hyperinfection. CASE REPORT: This is a case of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) in a patient with lymphadenopathy and bulky ...
Goyal Tarun - - 2012
Involvement of upper cervical and craniovertebral junction is rare but might lead to lethal consequences if the diagnosis is delayed. We present a case of atlantoaxial joint tuberculosis, resulting in gross instability of the joint. The patient was treated with antitubercular medication combined with posterior decompression and transarticular screw fixation. ...
Zadroga Rebecca J - - 2012
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an uncommon cause of pyomyositis. It is unclear if the clinical presentation and outcome of pneumococcal pyomyositis differ depending on underlying host immune status. We report 2 patients with pneumococcal pyomyositis, review all published cases and compare patient characteristics in apparently normal and at-risk hosts.A total of ...
Ud Din Nasir - - 2012
AimsTo report the exceedingly rare occurrence of oligodendroglioma in the glial component of ovarian teratomas.MethodsSix cases of oligodendrogliomas arising in the glial component of ovarian teratomas were studied and the literature was reviewed. Immunohistochemistry was performed by the Flex technique.ResultsThe ages of the patients ranged from 12 to 28 years ...
Gómez-Laencina Ana M - - 2012
Neurofibromatosis within the female genital tract is uncommon. The vulva is the most frequent genital location, but it has rarely been reported in the context of the vagina, uterine cervix or ovaries. In spite of its rarity, neurofibroma is a neoplasm that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ...
Fasano Alfonso - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Status dystonicus (SD) is a rare, life-threatening disorder characterized by acute worsening of generalized dystonia. METHODS: This study was conducted to characterize the pathogenesis, clinical course, and prognosis of SD. We reviewed the records of six centers and analyzed them together with all the cases previously reported in the ...
Nicolson Stephen E - - 2012
Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit substance worldwide. Cannabinoids or cannabinoid receptor agonists are often used to treat nausea, vomiting, and anorexia. However, in recent years, several medical journals have published reports of patients with nausea and vomiting thought to be induced by chronic cannabis use. The authors seek ...
Zimmerman Amanda - - 2012
  Intrathecal pump therapy (ITP) has become a mainstay of treatment for the chronic, refractory nonmalignant pain patient. Increasingly, ITP therapy is being instituted for the failed back pain population. Inflammatory mass or granuloma is a complication that is considered "rare" or "uncommon." In this patient population, the symptoms of ...
Marques Silvio Alencar - - 2012
Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycosis of dermatological interest due to the frequency of cutaneous and mucosal lesions. The involvement of the external genitalia is extremely rare and few cases have been reported. To study the prevalence of external genitalia lesions in paracoccidioidomycosis patients, identify clinical characteristics and compare with what ...
Figueira Luís - - 2012
Purpose. Beauveria bassiana is a ubiquitous fungus available as an insecticide. In humans, it has limited virulence; to our knowledge, only 3 cases of invasive disease and 10 cases of keratitis have been documented. Methods and Results. We report the first case of B bassiana keratitis in a patient with ...
Dorman H G Reinhart - - 2012
AimsRecently, concerns about St Jude's Riata lead family have come to light. We present three cases of patients with Riata internal cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) leads with externalized conductors.Methods and resultsAll patients had the same insulation defect, with externalized conductors, but differed in presentation and symptoms. These cases, which form 3 ...
Thomason Jenna L - - 2012
Proteus syndrome (PS) is a rare, progressive disorder that manifests as asymmetric, disproportionate overgrowth affecting tissues derived from any germline layer. Cases of PS from 2005-2010 were retrieved from the pathology files at our institution. Two confirmed cases and one possible case of PS were identified. All patients came from ...
Awada T - - 2012
Age is a limiting factor for microsurgery. We report the case of a 67-year-old patient with a malignant tumor on the right thumb, treated by amputation and immediate reconstruction by partial transfer of the hallux, with an excellent result, but venous swelling at the fourth day that required a controlled ...
Janet Chung - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Cholesteatoma is an uncommon condition that has occasionally been associated with cochlear implantation (CI). Cases of secondary acquired cholesteatoma have been described, in which intra-operative breech of the posterior canal wall is thought to be a contributing factor. Primary acquired cholesteatoma is not typically associated with congenital sensorineural hearing ...
Badmus T A - - 2012
To report a case of testicular Schistosomiasis with a suspicion of testicular cancer. Hospital record of a 16 year old patient with histopathology confirmation of testicular Schistosomiasis was reviewed and summarised. The patient who had painless testicular nodules and ultrasound features of heterogenous echotexture and hypoechoic focus was diagnosed as ...
Felbaum Daniel - - 2012
Moyamoya disease (MMD) has historically been diagnosed in the Japanese population. However, newer studies have demonstrated worldwide distribution. Of note, patients of Appalachian descent with no known Asian ancestry have presented with MMD. We are presenting a case of MMD in an Appalachian, non-Asian patient who presented to the neurosurgical ...
Maneiro Jose Ramon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and effectiveness of TNF antagonists in patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: A descriptive study of a case series registered in BIOBADASER and a systematic review was performed. The search strategy of articles published between 1998 and July 2011 in Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library ...
Chen Nai-Ching - - 2012
Pallidoreticular damage was defined by lesions involving both the pallidum and the substantia nigra and was only reported in four cases after CO intoxication. Case Report: We report a patient with initial consciousness disturbances followed by parkinsonian features after carbon monoxide intoxication. The unique features in this patient included primary ...
Lin Yi-Ting - - 2012
Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma (EAH) comprises a rare nevoid proliferation of normal eccrine glands and small blood vessels and occasionally other elements in the middle and deep dermis with variable clinical manifestations. Case series have rarely been published except for case reports and literature reviews. The aims of this article were ...
Weil Ana A AA Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 15 Parkman St., Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2012
To describe clinical findings and the use of a tick-associated pathogen panel in a series of patients with human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) at a suburban Boston hospital. Medical records were reviewed for inpatients and outpatients at Newton-Wellesley Hospital with a positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result for Anaplasma phagocytophilum during ...
Basalely Daniel - - 2012
Kaposi's sarcoma is divided into 5 subtypes primarily differentiated by clinical presentation and typical at-risk population. We report the unique case of a 74-year-old Latin American woman who presented with a violaceous lesion on the dorsum of her right second digit, which was diagnosed as Kaposi's sarcoma but was not ...
Koulaouzidis Anastasios - - 2012
To check the usefulness of blue mode (BM) review in lewis score (LS) calculation, by comparing it with respective LS results obtained by white light (WL) small-bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) review and mucosal inflammation as reflected by faecal calprotectin (FC) levels, considered as 'gold standard' for this study. Computational analysis ...
Tonolini M - - 2012
Lactic acidosis in diabetic patients undergoing metformin therapy is a widely recognized, rare but usually serious adverse event, particularly in presence of comorbidities such as cardiorespiratory disease, sepsis and renal failure. As demonstrated by the case of an elderly woman presented, administration of radiographic iodine-based contrast agents may precipitate lactic ...
Carlson Terri L - - 2012
Methamphetamine abuse has become a significant problem in the United States with recent surveys reporting that nearly 10 million Americans have tried methamphetamine at least once. Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug that causes the release of monoamine neurotransmitters. Among its most deleterious effects are its ability to produce tachycardia, hypertension, ...
Grundmeier Natalie - - 2012
Background: Bowen's disease (BD) of the nail unit is associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the frequency of high-risk HPV infection, gender, age and digital distribution in this condition. Methods: Biopsy specimens of 3 consecutive cases with periungual BD were investigated for the presence ...
Mondal Santosh Kumar - - 2012
Foot is an uncommon site for chondrosarcoma and involvement of phalanges is extremely rare. Here, a case of low-grade chondrosarcoma of the distal phalanx of the right great toe in a 37-year-old male patient is being reported. The patient complained of gradual swelling of the right great toe and pain ...
Corben Louise A - - 2012
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), the most common of the hereditary ataxias, is an autosomal recessive, multisystem disorder characterised by progressive ataxia, sensory symptoms, weakness, scoliosis and cardiomyopathy. FRDA is caused by a GAA expansion in intron one of the FXN gene, leading to reduced levels of the encoded protein frataxin, which ...
Josse J M - - 2012
Posterior Mediastinal Hematomas (PMHs) secondary to a fall from standing height are uncommon, with only one previous case reported in the literature. We describe a case of a 78-year-old male with multiple medical comorbidities, who was transferred to Montreal General Hospital (MGH) with a posterior mediastinal hematoma (PMH) after sustaining ...
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