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Mwita Clifford C Department of Surgery, Thika Level 5 Hospital, Thika, Kenya ; Joanna Briggs Institute Affiliate Centre, - - 2014
Caecal volvulus is an infrequent clinical condition caused by an axial twist of ascending colon, caecum and terminal ileum around the mesenteric pedicle. This article presents the case of a 16-year old African male from Kenya who presented to the emergency department with acute onset right sided lower abdominal pain ...
Payne Christopher C 0000-0001-6321-7037 School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Objective. A rare case of myeloid sarcoma (MS), previously referred to as granulocytic sarcoma or chloroma, is presented. Representing a unique form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), MS may rarely occur in adults. Even rarer, MS may occur as the initial presentation of AML. Methods. We report a singular and ...
Machol Jacques A JA 4th Department of Plastic Surgery, The Medical College of Wisconsin, 8700 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226-3595 - - 2013
Severe, mutilating hand injuries present difficult reconstructive scenarios. Often in these cases, portions of the amputated tissue may be used for reconstruction of the remaining digits and hand using the spare parts principle. The free fillet flap follows the spare parts concept. A literature review of free fillet flaps for ...
Byrne Brendan - - 2013
Hydrogen peroxide is a commonly available product and its ingestion has been demonstrated to produce in vivo gas bubbles, which can embolize to devastating effect. We report two cases of hydrogen peroxide ingestion with resultant gas embolization, one to the portal system and one cerebral embolus, which were successfully treated with ...
Dell'orto V G - - 2013
Deferasirox is a new treatment of iron overload that is administered orally once-a-day, resulting in better acceptance in patients. Deferasirox-induced renal tubular dysfunction has been reported on very rare occasions. A 17-year-old adolescent with β-thalassaemia on deferasirox 30 mg/kg daily presented with isolated hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis (bicarbonate 12·9 mm, sodium 137 mm, chloride ...
Sánchez Ernesto Cuauhtémoc - - 2013
This article outlines the therapeutic mechanisms of hyperbaric oxygenation in acute stroke, based on information obtained from peer-reviewed medical literature. Hyperbaric oxygen is an approved treatment modality for ischemia-reperfusion injury in several conditions. It maintains the viability of the marginal tissue, reduces the mitochondrial dysfunction, metabolic penumbra, and blocks inflammatory ...
Borregales Leonardo D - - 2013
To determine the extent of variability in the definitions of the 'trifecta' after radical prostatectomy (undetectable PSA, urinary continence and potency) to be found in the literature. To establish a consensus definition of the trifecta in an effort to standardize criteria and reporting. A systematic review of published articles found ...
Buhl Kaci J - - 2013
Objective-To describe reports of animals exposed to metaldehyde- and iron phosphate-containing molluscicides and characterize iron phosphate exposure incidents in dogs with clinical signs compatible with iron toxicosis. Design-2-part retrospective case series. Sample-1,500 reports of animals exposed to molluscicides containing metaldehyde (n … 1,285) or iron phosphate between 2001 and 2011 ...
Schiff J H - - 2013
The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adults has increased in popularity and importance for the support of patients with cardiac or pulmonary failure. Although it is now quite commonly used in the intensive care unit, its use has rarely been described as a means of support during anaesthesia and ...
Sheqwara Jawad - - 2013
Anemia is a common complication in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. On the other hand, idiopathic erythrocytosis is extremely rare, with only a few cases reported in the literature. We present a case of erythrocytosis that developed after initiating hemodialysis. A 68-year-old male with a history of ESRD secondary to ...
Okano Atsushi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) was recently classified as a variant of pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) with significantly more aggressive clinical features than those of PA. Like PAs, PMAs frequently arise in the chiasmatic/hypothalamic regions. The cerebellum is also a common site of occurrence for PAs but not for PMAs. CASE DESCRIPTION: ...
Celeste Roger Keller - - 2013
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: The effect of an oxygenating agent on chlorhexidine-induced extrinsic tooth staining: a systematic review. van Maanen-Schakel N, Slot D, Bakker E, Van der Weijden G. Int J Dent Hyg 2012 May 17;10(3):198-208. REVIEWER: Roger Keller Celeste, DDS, MSc, PhD PURPOSE/QUESTION: To review clinical trials on ...
Banham Neil Dg - - 2013
Livedoid vasculopathy is a painful, ulcerating condition of the lower legs, ankles and feet with the typical histological feature of hyalinising vascular change of dermal blood vessels with minimal inflammation. Therapeutic interventions have been diverse and varyingly successful. We report a biopsy-proven case in a 27-year-old male, which responded rapidly ...
D'Angelo Guido - - 2013
This review summarizes the central role of hepcidin in the iron homeostasis mechanism, the molecular mechanism that can alter hepcidin expression, the relationship between hepcidin and erythropoiesis, and the pathogenetic role of hepcidin in different types of anemia. In addition, the usefulness of hepcidin dosage is highlighted, including the problems ...
Pircher Rebecca - - 2013
In traffic accidents, fatal impalements are mostly seen in vehicle occupants injured by penetrating blunt-tipped objects such as fence posts or iron bars. Compared with this group of road users, the medical literature lacks reports on impaled motorcyclists. The article presents a case which deserves attention in several respects:
Maakaron Joseph E - - 2013
Patients with thalassemia are often exposed to several risk factors for developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to their repeated transfusions. However, even transfusion-independent patients with thalassemia intermedia (TI) can develop HCC, which is mainly attributed to a state of iron overload. We report here two cases and review the literature ...
Aravind Biju - - 2013
Cutaneous metastasis is considered as an advanced presentation of colorectal cancer and mostly managed with palliative measures. We present a case report where such a case was radically treated with good result and review such reports published in literature. This shows a distinct subgroup that could benefit from such radical ...
Kohler K - - 2012
This paper reviews the basic fluid dynamics underlying extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) cannula design. General cannula features and their effect on flow are discussed and the specific requirements of different ECMO circuits are explained. The current commercially available cannula options for veno-arterial and veno-venous circuits are reviewed and the main ...
Konca Degertekin Ceyla C Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Gazi Üniversitesi Hastanesi, 06100 Be┼čevler, Ankara, - - 2014
Polycythemia vera is a clonal proliferative disorder of the bone marrow that could possibly evolve into myelofibrosis in its natural course. Progression to myelofibrosis is usually a late stage complication and presents clinically with refractory cytopenias and extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH). EMH can occur in any tissue during the course of ...
George Mathew M - - 2012
Reports describing methadone overdose in adult and pediatric patient populations are not uncommon. Reports in the preterm neonate patient population, however, are infrequent even though the utilization of methadone in that population continues to increase. Significant age-related pharmacokinetic differences complicate the management of methadone overdose in neonates, and literature involving ...
Wong Janice C - - 2012
Pallidonigroluysian atrophy is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterized by degeneration of the globus pallidus, substantia nigra, and subthalamic nucleus. Few studies have comprehensively documented the clinical and pathological features of pallidonigroluysian atrophy. A systematic review of all published cases of pallidonigroluysian atrophy in English since 1970 was performed. We also ...
Koma Yasuko - - 2012
Gefitinib and erlotinib, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), are widely used anticancer drugs for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially for those with EGFR-activating mutations. Both agents are considered to be less toxic compared with cytotoxic drugs; however, serious adverse events including interstitial lung ...
Haws Bryn - - 2012
We reviewed the data on external histopathology review for patients referred to our institution for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) associated with melanoma, Merkel cell carcinoma and adnexal carcinoma. We calculated the incidence of external histopathology review and the rate of discordance between internal and external histopathology diagnoses between January ...
Balaban Muhsin - - 2012
Hemangiopericytoma, which is derived from pericytes, is rarely seen in the kidney and adical nephrectomy with or without chemotherapy is the treatment of choice in most of the cases. We report a fifty-year-old male patient presenting with gross hematuria that radiologic evaluation confirmed due to a solid mass in the ...
Kikumoto Y - - 2012
Fabry disease (FD) is an Xlinked disorder resulting in a deficiency in α-galactosidase A (α-Gal) activity. FD is one of the causes of progressive renal dysfunction, but its diagnosis is often delayed or missed completely. We herein report the case of a 70-year-old male who had been receiving hemodialysis (HD) ...
Hu Honglin - - 2012
Context:We report on a case of adrenal angiomyolipoma.Objective:The aim was to present a case report and review of the literature about adrenal angiomyolipoma.Design:The case report includes a history of patient data and literature review.Setting:The patient was offered adrenalectomy with adrenal gland neoplasms and gave consent. The tumor was completely removed.Patient:We ...
Zhou Yu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Rhabdoid meningioma (RMs) is a rare sub-type of meningiomas, classified as WHO grade III with poor prognosis. Here we present our experience on RMs and reviewed relevant literatures in an attempt to investigate the clinical features, treatment and prognosis of these tumors. METHODS: 12 patients underwent surgical treatment for ...
Polci Rosaria - - 2012
A case of granulomatous interstitial nephritis (GIN) associated with Crohn's disease (CD) was reported. GIN is a rare pathological finding in renal biopsy specimens. In a patient affected by CD, granulomas may be found in various tissues and organs such as lymph nodes, mesentery, liver, and lungs and occasionally in ...
Vinchon Matthieu - - 2012
Sagittal craniosynostosis (SCS) is common and easily recognized and corrected surgically. However, rare cases of SCS are more complex: these associate closure of the metopic or delayed closure of the coronal suture, uni- or bilaterally. We reviewed the available literature on atypical sagittal craniosynostosis (ASCS). We also reviewed retrospectively our ...
Martín-Fuentes Ana María - - 2012
Neurofibromatosis (NF) type 1 is characterized by several skin, endocrine, central nervous system and musculoskeletal manifestations, spine deformities being the most common, affecting up to 64% of patients. Thoracic kyphoscoliosis is the most common deformity observed; however, high-grade spondylolisthesis and dural defects such as dural ectasia can also be found. ...
Wick Jane M - - 2012
Early-onset scoliosis presents at birth and up to five years of age. Growing rods are a treatment option when early-onset scoliosis cannot be controlled by serial casts or braces. The function of a growing rod is to allow a child's spine to continue to grow under controlled conditions until a ...
Furr Joe C - - 2012
Sepsis and respiratory failure are uncommon complications of infection with H1N1 influenza. In the majority of cases of H1N1-associated sepsis and respiratory failure found in the literature, evidence of pneumonia or the acute respiratory distress syndrome was seen on chest radiography. This case report describes the clinical characteristics of a ...
Davis James S - - 2012
Segmental absence of the intestinal musculature (SAIM) is a known but clinically rare entity involving partial or complete absence of the intestinal muscularis propria. Clinical presentation is consistent with peritonitis, and treatment involves an emergent laparotomy, bowel resection, and reanastamosis or possible ostomy creation. Diagnosis results from histopathologic evaluation of ...
de Jongh Ad A Department of Behavioral Sciences, ACTA, University of Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam , The Netherlands - - 2012
A disproportionate fear of vomiting, or emetophobia, is a chronic and disabling condition which is characterized by a tendency to avoid a wide array of situations or activities that might increase the risk of vomiting. Unlike many other subtypes of specific phobia, emetophobia is fairly difficult to treat. In fact, ...
Anderson J L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The intestinal microbiota is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been used for the management of IBD as well as infectious diarrhoea. AIM: To undertake a systematic review of FMT in patients with IBD. METHODS: The systematic review followed Cochrane and ...
Hernández-Martín Angela - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis (EPF) of infancy is characterized by the presence of pustular lesions containing eosinophils. It is the least well-characterized of the EPF diseases. OBJECTIVES: We sought to define the clinical and histopathologic features of the condition. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the clinical data and ...
Penders Thomas M - - 2012
In published reports of hallucinatory delirium following use of "bath salts" analytic laboratory testing has demonstrated the synthetic cathinone derivative methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV). MDPV can cause a false-positive screening immunoassay result for phencyclidine (PCP). Patients using MDPV are prone to development of the syndrome of excited delirium (ExD), a condition also ...
Swapp Ryan E - - 2012
Context.-Original surgical pathology materials from external sources are reviewed by our pathologists for referred patients before their clinical evaluation and treatment. Objective.-To identify the rate of major disagreements with diagnoses from external institutions and to characterize the nature and impact of discordant diagnoses on patient care. Design.-We identified and reviewed ...
Antinori Spinello - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to highlight the increasing chance of Western physicians encountering patients (both immigrants and expatriates/travelers) seeking help for loiasis. METHODS: We describe three cases of imported loiasis observed at two hospitals in Italy and France, and present a review of all previously published cases ...
Irwin Richard Bruce RB Cardiovacular Division, Department of Cardiology, North West Heart Centre, University Hospital of South Manchester, Southmoor Road, Manchester M23 9LT, UK. - - 2013
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging benefits from a large field of view, but consequently captures incidental extra-cardiac findings (IEFs). There is a relative paucity of data for CMR in this regard. Our objectives were to assess the frequency and significance of IEFs reported from clinically indicated CMR scans, and additionally ...
Zaraa Inès - - 2012
Inflammatory Tinea capitis (TC) is a rare form of TC. The aim of this study was to review epidemiological, clinical and mycological profile of inflammatory TC. We present a retrospective study (1999-2010), enrolled all the cases of inflammatory TC observed at a referral hospital in the northern Tunisia. One hundred ...
Hassadia Ayman - - 2012
To highlight the clinical presentation, treatment, histological review and outcome of patients referred to the Sheffield Centre with possible ectopic gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). A retrospective case note review of patients with possible ectopic GTD referred to the Sheffield Centre between 1997 and 2010 was performed. During the 13 years ...
Linnell Joshua D - - 2012
Ultraviolet (UV) dyes are used as inks in garment printing. Hypersensitivity reactions to these compounds have been reported in the literature. The authors report a case of reaction to UV ink in a patient already on corticosteroid therapy. The patient's clinical course was reviewed along with images of wounds that ...
Masood Syed Asif - - 2012
The haematologic disorder b-thalassemia major is common in Pakistan. We describe a patient with undiagnosed thalassemia presenting with hypertension and convulsions and found to have cerebral haemorrhage on neuro-imaging. He had been transfused 2 weeks before this illness. Our experience is similar to a few case reports described in literature ...
Komeya Mitsuru - - 2012
A 70-year-old man presented with a left scrotal swelling. A computed tomography scan showed an 8-cm left scrotal mass and no metastasis. Radical orchiectomy with high ligation of the spermatic cord was performed. The tumor was classified as a high-grade leiomyosarcoma of the left testis. An intensive follow-up including repeated ...
Patel Sandeep M - - 2012
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a disease of alveolar accumulation of phospholipoproteinaceous material that results in gas exchange impairment leading to dyspnea and alveolar infiltrates. There are three forms of PAP: congenital, acquired and idiopathic; of which the latter two are predominant in the adult population. Previous case studies have ...
Hernández-Bel P - - 2012
Syphilitic alopecia occurs in only 4% of patients with syphilis. We present 5 cases of this uncommon manifestation and review the corresponding literature. All of the patients in our series were men aged between 31 and 46 years. The lesions, which were located mainly in the parieto-occipital area of the ...
Albuquerque Andreia - - 2012
We report a case of a cirrhotic patient who developed a spontaneous bacterial empyema due to Clostridium perfringens. To our knowledge, only two cases of spontaneous bacterial empyema due to C. perfringens in cirrhotic patients were previously reported in literature. It should be suspected in a Child C cirrhotic patient, ...
Maillet Jean Michel - - 2012
Infectious aortitis has become a rare disease thanks to the widespread use of antibiotics. We report the case of a patient who, 15 days after initiation of antibiotics for bacteraemia due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), developed acute chest pain followed by haemodynamic instability. A tamponade due to a rupture ...
Duggan Joan - - 2012
AIDS-related cryptococcal meningitis can result in significant vision loss, but the risk factors, prognostic features, and optimal management of patients with ocular complications is unknown. We present 2 cases of blindness associated with cryptococcal meningitis and review the literature for associated cases. Twenty-six additional cases of vision deterioration or loss ...
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