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Rada-Palomino A - - 2014
Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare bacterial infection of the gastric wall, which progress rapidly. It is characterized by a purulent inflammation that can affect the entire gastrointestinal tract and presents a high mortality rate. We are reporting a case of phlegmonous gastritis in an HIV-seropositive man successfully treated with antibiotics. ...
Hugar Basappa S BS Department of Forensic Medicine, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Karnataka, India basavaraj_hugar2007@rediffmail.com - - 2014
Stab wounds encountered in medico-legal practice are caused by sharp or blunt pointed weapons such as a kitchen knife, dagger, screwdriver, iron rod, etc. Atypical entry wounds may result from elasticity of skin, relative movement of the victim or the offending weapon or both. These are often described in the ...
Fatima Sohaila S Department of Pathology, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) is a rare disorder accounting for about 2 % of all malignant lymphomas. It is an aggressive extranodal non Hodgkin lymphoma mostly of B lineage. We report four cases of PTL and highlight the clinical issues and challenges posed by this rare disease.
Kalidindi Navya N Department of Neurology, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital, CHEO, Ottawa, Ont., - - 2014
Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are typically present as masses in children and adolescents, but rarely in adults. Diagnoses, management strategies, and prognostication factors are not well established in adult cases of PNETs. We describe the case of a central nervous system PNET diagnosed in a 55-year-old woman presenting with a ...
Srinivas Bhavanam Hanuma BH Department of Neurosurgery, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Punjagutta, Hyderabad, Telangana, - - 2014
Spondylo costal dysostosis (SCD) is a genetic skeletal disorder characterized by a variety of costo-vertebral malformations. SCD with type I split cord malformation (SCM) have been reported in the literature. We report an unusual association of SCD with type II SCM. Imaging studies revealed multiple vertebral segmentations, rib malformations, spina ...
Zaidi Shaesta Naseem SN Shaesta Naseem Zaidi, Department of Pathology,, King Khalid University Hospital,, PO Box 2925, Riyadh 11461,, Saudi Arabia, T: 0096614671658, F: 0096614672462, - - 2014
Ependymomas outside the confines of the cranium and spinal cord are rare. The occurrence of these tumors in an extradural, sacrococcygeal, or subcutaneous location may prove challenging, particularly in the absence of any obvious central nervous system connection. The origin of these tumors from sub.cutaneous sacrococcygeal ependymal rests is postulated ...
Gassman Andrew A AA Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, Calif.; and UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, - - 2014
We present a brief literature review of the topical immune-modulating medication Imiquimod. The treatment of periorbital melanoma in situ typically requires surgical resection. Here we discuss a case of lower eyelid melanoma in situ successfully treated non-operatively with Imiquimod.
Alrabeeah Khalid A KA Division of Urology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Renal angiomyolipoma with inferior vena caval venous extension is rare with only 40 cases reported in the literature. We report a case of a 35-year-old lady with angiomyolipoma with inferior vena caval thrombus that was managed surgically with robotic-assisted radical nephrectomy.
Quinn Davin K DK Department of Psychiatry, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neurologic deterioration occurring days to weeks after a cerebral hypoxic event accompanied by diffuse white matter demyelination is called delayed posthypoxic leukoencephalopathy (DPHL). Manifestations of DPHL are diverse and include dementia, gait disturbance, incontinence, pyramidal tract signs, parkinsonism, chorea, mood and thought disorders, akinetic mutism, and rarely catatonia. We report ...
Ozlu Emin E Department of Dermatology, Istanbul Medeniyet University, School of Medicine, Goztepe Research and Training Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Skin reactions against injected or implanted foreign materials are not rare. Siderosis is a disease characterized by the accumulation of iron in various tissues. Brownish-gray discoloration of the skin can be seen as a side-effect on the injection area after the parenteral iron treatment. Here, we present cutaneous siderosis ...
Zhang Zhicheng Z Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, - - 2014
Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor is a rare benign tumor that originates from intrascrotal tissue, such as tunica vaginalis, epididymis, or spermatic cord. Five cases of fibrous pseudotumor in our hospital were reviewed retrospectively, and the clinical manifestations were analyzed. Three cases of unilateral nodules, comprising one case located in the tunica ...
Hubbell J A E JA The Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Ohio, - - 2014
Horses are the most difficult of the common companion animals to anaesthetise. Hypoxemia or inadequate oxygen delivery to peripheral tissues during anaesthesia would seem a potential cause of increased mortality but no direct link has been established. A number of methods of increasing oxygenation and oxygen delivery have been reported ...
Chong Xl X Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, - - 2014
Obturator internus pyomyositis is a rare disease that is more commonly found in tropical countries. Due to its infrequent occurrence, it is a differential of hip pain that has not been sufficiently considered, which often results in delayed diagnosis. We present a case report of a 4 year old boy ...
Sükösd Farkas F Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, 2 Állomás u., Szeged, Hungary, 6720, - - 2014
The current protocol for reporting urinary bladder cancer in radical cystectomies may exhibit limitations in the diagnostic accuracy, such as a risk of understaging, especially in cases with prostatic involvement. Difficulty can arise in the verification of stage pT0, and the assessment of surgical margins is suboptimal. We have developed ...
Haddad Nicholas N Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, McGill University Health Center, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
To report a case of an infertile man with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent simultaneous radical orchiectomy for testicular cancer and testicular sperm extraction (TESE) for preservation of fertility. Case report and literature review. University teaching hospital. A couple being treated for infertility. Radical orchiectomy with simultaneous TESE. Sperm retrieval, histologic ...
Bignami Elena E Department of Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, - - 2014
Following cardiac surgery, patients can develop acute respiratory failure. We present the case of a 66-year-old male successfully treated with extracorporeal venovenous membrane oxygenation (vvECMO) for acute respiratory failure postsurgery and review the literature on vvECMO in this specific setting.
Cooper Jeffrey S - - 2014
We report a case of a previously healthy adult with flulike symptoms who precipitously declined due to pneumococcal sepsis complicated by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and purpura fulminans (PF). After one week of care, including ventilation support and hemodialysis, the patient was stable enough for hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) in an ...
Kemper Tom C P M - - 2014
Frostbite is an uncommon event that can occur from exposure to temperatures below -4 degrees C and can lead to potential serious tissue damage and necrosis. This in turn can result in debilitating amputations in otherwise healthy people. The pathophysiological mechanisms of frostbite have marked similarities to those seen in ...
Fu Weihua W Department of Urology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is one of the risk factors of impaired male fertility potential. Studies have investigated the effect of CP/CPPS on several semen parameters but have shown inconsistent results. Hence, we performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to assess the association between CP/CPPS and basic ...
Imamovic Kumalic Senka S 0000-0002-4421-7266 Reproductive Unit, Division of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slajmerjeva 3, 1000 Ljubljana, - - 2014
Infertility affects 50 to 80 million people worldwide. Male factor is a cause of infertility in almost half of cases, mainly due to oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT). With common diagnostic methods no cause can be found in approximately 30% of cases of male infertility due to OAT and these are considered idiopathic. ...
Sturm Daniel D Physician Assistant Program, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Butler University, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2014
To provide a review of the etiology, epidemiology, clinical features, diagnostic findings, and treatment options for multiple sclerosis (MS). A PubMed search of English language articles using a combination of words: elderly; multiple sclerosis*, late onset multiple sclerosis*, etiology; screening; diagnosis; or treatment to identify original studies, guidelines, and reviews ...
Ramachandran R - - 2014
This case report describes the airway management of three month old child presenting with a severe facial congenital malformation, a bilateral Tessier number 4 cleft, and scheduled to undergo benign eye surgery. The use of a conventional laryngeal mask allowed successful management, despite the severity of the facial abnormality. This ...
Dhar Harsh H Department of Head Neck Surgery, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India - - 2014
The thyroid gland is a very rare site for head and neck schwannomas. Till date there have been only 19 reported cases in English literature. Only 25% of schwannomas occur in the head and neck region, most of them arising in relation to the peripheral nerves and cervical sympathetic chain. ...
Patrono Damiano D Department of Surgery, University of Turin. Turin, Italy. - - 2014
Primary venous leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare disease, most commonly affecting the retroperitoneal veins and in particular the inferior vena cava. Five-year survival rate ranges between 33% and 68%. Complete surgical resection represents the only potentially curative treatment, occasionally achieving long-term survival. LMS of the splenic vein is extremely rare, ...
Liu Qu Q Department of Special Treatment, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200438 China ; Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, People's Republic of China No. 254 Hospital, Tianjin, 300142 - - 2014
Hepatic lymphangiomas, malformations of the liver lymphatic system, are extremely rare conditions in adults. A 41-year-old man presented with right upper abdominal pain for 6 months was introduced in this report. Ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrated a giant cystictumor with a pedunculatedextrahepatic growth pattern. Due to diagnostic uncertainty, ...
Chaurasia Akhilanand A Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a rare condition that can occur as an isolated disease, chromosomal abnormality, or as part of a number of syndromes. The gingival enlargement in HGF can be so severe that it can cover the crowns of teeth completely, causing severe functional derangement and facial disfigurement. ...
Saglam Yavuz Y Bahcelievler State Hospital, Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Kocasinan Merkez Mahallesi Karadeniz Caddesi No: 48, Bahçelievler, Istabul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Agenesis of the pubic bone, as evidenced in the world literature, is a very rare clinical and congenital abnormality. Several disorders may occur with hypoplasia of the pubis. Here, we report a rare longer follow-up case of the congenital unilateral agenesis of the superior ramus of pubic bone with bilateral ...
Mărginean Cristina Oana CO Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tirgu Mures, Romania; - - 2014
Duplication of the digestive tract is a very rare malformation in children whereas the congenital pyloric duplication is extremely rare, few cases being described in the literature. We present the case of a male infant, aged seven days, who was diagnosed at 17 weeks of gestation with a cystic mass ...
Samia Younes Y Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Laboratory of Hematology, Tahar Sfar University Hospital of Mahdia, Mahdia, - - 2014
We report a 62 year-old-man with facial cellulitis revealing choreo-acanthocytosis (ChAc). He showed chorea that started 20 years ago. The orofacial dyskinisia with tongue and cheek biting resulted in facial cellulitis. The peripheral blood smear revealed acanthocytosis of 25%. The overall of chorea, orofacial dyskinetic disorder, peripheral neuropathy, disturbed behavior, ...
Ramasamy Ranjith R Scott Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Erectile dysfunction (ED) has emerged as an important marker of cardiovascular and overall health, independent of other known conventional risk factors. ED often precedes coronary artery disease in half of affected subjects, and could indicate the presence of cardiovascular pathology. The pathophysiology and role of androgens in sexual function are ...
Baid Mayank M Department of Surgery, Medical College Kolkata, - - 2014
Urethral duplication is a rare congenital malformation mainly affecting men and boys. Although a number of theories have been proposed to describe this condition, the actual mechanism of this disorder is still not clear. This article highlights a case of urethral duplication in a 15-year-old boy. The malformation was characterized ...
Chen Qian Q Department of Spine Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang 050051, - - 2014
Psoas abscesses are classified into primary or secondary according to infectious etiology. However, the psoas abscess caused by actinomycete together with Escherichia coli infection is very rare. Here we report a case of psoas abscess caused by actinomycete together with Escherichia coli infection in a young woman. The disease was ...
Mestre Tiago T Department of Dermatology, Hospital Curry Cabral, Lisbon, - - 2014
Rounded and velvety epidermal naevus, naevoid acanthosis nigricans, also called the acanthosis nigricans form of epidermal naevus is an extremely rare entity, with fewer than 15 cases described in the literature. We report the case of a 23-year-old woman with asymptomatic velvety verrucous plaques on her left axilla starting at ...
Machol Jacques A JA 4th Department of Plastic Surgery, The Medical College of Wisconsin, 8700 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226-3595 - - 2013
Severe, mutilating hand injuries present difficult reconstructive scenarios. Often in these cases, portions of the amputated tissue may be used for reconstruction of the remaining digits and hand using the spare parts principle. The free fillet flap follows the spare parts concept. A literature review of free fillet flaps for ...
Byrne Brendan - - 2013
Hydrogen peroxide is a commonly available product and its ingestion has been demonstrated to produce in vivo gas bubbles, which can embolize to devastating effect. We report two cases of hydrogen peroxide ingestion with resultant gas embolization, one to the portal system and one cerebral embolus, which were successfully treated with ...
Dell'orto V G - - 2013
Deferasirox is a new treatment of iron overload that is administered orally once-a-day, resulting in better acceptance in patients. Deferasirox-induced renal tubular dysfunction has been reported on very rare occasions. A 17-year-old adolescent with β-thalassaemia on deferasirox 30 mg/kg daily presented with isolated hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis (bicarbonate 12·9 mm, sodium 137 mm, chloride ...
Sánchez Ernesto Cuauhtémoc - - 2013
This article outlines the therapeutic mechanisms of hyperbaric oxygenation in acute stroke, based on information obtained from peer-reviewed medical literature. Hyperbaric oxygen is an approved treatment modality for ischemia-reperfusion injury in several conditions. It maintains the viability of the marginal tissue, reduces the mitochondrial dysfunction, metabolic penumbra, and blocks inflammatory ...
Borregales Leonardo D - - 2013
To determine the extent of variability in the definitions of the 'trifecta' after radical prostatectomy (undetectable PSA, urinary continence and potency) to be found in the literature. To establish a consensus definition of the trifecta in an effort to standardize criteria and reporting. A systematic review of published articles found ...
Buhl Kaci J - - 2013
Objective-To describe reports of animals exposed to metaldehyde- and iron phosphate-containing molluscicides and characterize iron phosphate exposure incidents in dogs with clinical signs compatible with iron toxicosis. Design-2-part retrospective case series. Sample-1,500 reports of animals exposed to molluscicides containing metaldehyde (n … 1,285) or iron phosphate between 2001 and 2011 ...
Schiff J H - - 2013
The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adults has increased in popularity and importance for the support of patients with cardiac or pulmonary failure. Although it is now quite commonly used in the intensive care unit, its use has rarely been described as a means of support during anaesthesia and ...
Sheqwara Jawad - - 2013
Anemia is a common complication in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. On the other hand, idiopathic erythrocytosis is extremely rare, with only a few cases reported in the literature. We present a case of erythrocytosis that developed after initiating hemodialysis. A 68-year-old male with a history of ESRD secondary to ...
Okano Atsushi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) was recently classified as a variant of pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) with significantly more aggressive clinical features than those of PA. Like PAs, PMAs frequently arise in the chiasmatic/hypothalamic regions. The cerebellum is also a common site of occurrence for PAs but not for PMAs. CASE DESCRIPTION: ...
Celeste Roger Keller - - 2013
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: The effect of an oxygenating agent on chlorhexidine-induced extrinsic tooth staining: a systematic review. van Maanen-Schakel N, Slot D, Bakker E, Van der Weijden G. Int J Dent Hyg 2012 May 17;10(3):198-208. REVIEWER: Roger Keller Celeste, DDS, MSc, PhD PURPOSE/QUESTION: To review clinical trials on ...
Banham Neil Dg - - 2013
Livedoid vasculopathy is a painful, ulcerating condition of the lower legs, ankles and feet with the typical histological feature of hyalinising vascular change of dermal blood vessels with minimal inflammation. Therapeutic interventions have been diverse and varyingly successful. We report a biopsy-proven case in a 27-year-old male, which responded rapidly ...
D'Angelo Guido - - 2013
This review summarizes the central role of hepcidin in the iron homeostasis mechanism, the molecular mechanism that can alter hepcidin expression, the relationship between hepcidin and erythropoiesis, and the pathogenetic role of hepcidin in different types of anemia. In addition, the usefulness of hepcidin dosage is highlighted, including the problems ...
Pircher Rebecca - - 2013
In traffic accidents, fatal impalements are mostly seen in vehicle occupants injured by penetrating blunt-tipped objects such as fence posts or iron bars. Compared with this group of road users, the medical literature lacks reports on impaled motorcyclists. The article presents a case which deserves attention in several respects:
Maakaron Joseph E - - 2013
Patients with thalassemia are often exposed to several risk factors for developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to their repeated transfusions. However, even transfusion-independent patients with thalassemia intermedia (TI) can develop HCC, which is mainly attributed to a state of iron overload. We report here two cases and review the literature ...
Aravind Biju - - 2013
Cutaneous metastasis is considered as an advanced presentation of colorectal cancer and mostly managed with palliative measures. We present a case report where such a case was radically treated with good result and review such reports published in literature. This shows a distinct subgroup that could benefit from such radical ...
Kohler K - - 2012
This paper reviews the basic fluid dynamics underlying extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) cannula design. General cannula features and their effect on flow are discussed and the specific requirements of different ECMO circuits are explained. The current commercially available cannula options for veno-arterial and veno-venous circuits are reviewed and the main ...
Konca Degertekin Ceyla C Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Gazi Üniversitesi Hastanesi, 06100 Beşevler, Ankara, - - 2014
Polycythemia vera is a clonal proliferative disorder of the bone marrow that could possibly evolve into myelofibrosis in its natural course. Progression to myelofibrosis is usually a late stage complication and presents clinically with refractory cytopenias and extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH). EMH can occur in any tissue during the course of ...
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