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Results 451 - 500 of 716
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Powell E C - - 1999
We report a case of a 10-week-old girl, with tetralogy of Fallot and a Blalock-Taussig shunt, who presented with hypercyanotic episodes. She was found to have serous fluid leakage around her shunt, causing compression of her trachea. Hypercyanotic episodes resulting from shunt leakage have not previously been reported. An awareness ...
Daane S P - - 1999
During the past 2 years, media attention has focused on catastrophic outcomes associated with liposuction. A critical review of the lipoplasty literature was undertaken to determine the incidence of severe and mortal complications. Reported lipoplasty complications and patient outcome studies published in the English literature through January 1, 1999, were ...
Berjano R - - 1999
Numerous natural and synthetic substitutes have been proposed for dural grafting. Autografts, allografts, xenografts and nonabsorbable or absorbable polymer sheets have been used in experimental models and clinical practice. This article reviews the literature regarding the features, advantages, and related complications of different dural substitutes.
Ruth M - - 1999
Businesses can improve operations by capitalizing on the collective knowledge of their human resources.
Baur D A - - 1999
The risk of fire in the airway associated with laser surgery is well known, but there are reports of endotracheal tube fires ignited by electrocautery, particularly during pharyngeal surgery or tracheostomy or both. This uncommon complication has potentially devastating consequences. Surgeons undertaking these procedures should be aware of this complication ...
Kanegaye J T - - 1999
Skin staples are ideal for pediatric scalp laceration closure because of their rapidity of placement and economy and ease of use. We report two cases of rotatory staple migration necessitating improvised removal techniques. Clinicians should be alert for this complication, which may result from a combination of staple design, local ...
Latham J A - - 1999
In this review article, four cases of peripheral endovascular stent infection (including a case presented in this issue of the journal) reported in the medical literature are reported. While the actual incidence of endovascular stent infection is probably low, when it occurs it can have serious consequences. This complication may ...
Lie D - - 1999
Thoracoscopic sympathectomy is an acceptable form of treatment for palmar hyperhidrosis. Many authors have reported favourable results. Complications range from pneumo-haemothorax, Horner's syndrome, compensatory hyperhidrosis and bleeding. Plas et al reported 2.7% of the procedures had complications requiring intervention and 9.7% had non-interventive complications. There have been isolated reports of ...
Seelig M H - - 1999
Disseminated infection after intravesical bacille Calmette-Guérin instillation for bladder cancer is a rare but potential complication. Vascular infection is an additional serious complication but is seldom reported. We present the first report of a small series of patients with vascular infections after intravesical bacille Calmette-Guérin instillation, and we review the ...
Shafa B - - 1999
Basal encephaloceles are rare occurrences with occult and often varied presentations. Frequently, the need for surgical treatment is not clear to the patient or the physician, leading to potentially fatal complications. We report the case of a 44-year-old woman with an 8-year history of nonspecific complaints who presented to us ...
Hiba M R - - 1998
This article reviews the literature regarding the interplay between gastrointestinal complaints and psychological factors, an increasingly recognized and therapeutically important aspect of referral practice. Knowledge in this field is distilled to broad principles and approaches that can be applied to the different clinical entities affecting the gut, from the esophagus ...
Kopec S E - - 1998
We were asked to review a case from an outside hospital in which there was inadvertent perforation of the right ventricle during the percutaneous placement of a chest tube. We present the case in the hopes that by doing so, others will avoid such a complication in the future. After ...
Abu-Arafeh W - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: 856 cases of hypospadias, operated over a period of 7 years, using various methods of one-stage repair, are reviewed in order to assess their functional and cosmetic results and their rate of complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 856 boys with an average age of 3.5 years were classified according to ...
Block S L - - 1998
A healthy, young adolescent girl developed primary pneumococcal peritonitis, an infection rarely reported in this age group in North America. Her course was further complicated by exudative pleural effusion and pneumonia despite receiving 10 days of clindamycin therapy. Laparascopy proved useful in making the initial diagnosis, but may have contributed ...
Vereczkei A - - 1998
Subacute, postoperative ischemic lesion in small bowel loops is a poorly defined phenomenon. The authors observed this rare complication with full or partial regeneration in jejunal loops used for esophageal reconstruction. Beside the case reports, they discuss the cause, the mechanism, the possible prevention and correction of this rarely reported ...
Hirschbein M J - - 1998
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare infection of the deep and subcutaneous tissue layers most commonly caused by group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus. The disease begins as a typical cellulitis. Necrosis of the deeper tissues progresses rapidly, accompanied by a dusky, gray-blue skin discoloration with erythematous margins. Even with appropriate treatment, mortality ...
Moreau S - - 1998
Epistaxis is a common and in most cases benign event. Severe or recurrent epistaxis, however, can present therapeutic problems. Forty-five cases of supraselective embolization in intractable epistaxis are reported. The authors' success rate of 97%, similar to the success rates reported in the literature, confirms the effectiveness of this technique. ...
Goodkin R - - 1998
Symptomatic perforation of the anterior annulus fibrosus/anterior longitudinal ligament during surgery for herniated lumbar disc disease is one of the more solemn and sobering complications experienced by neurosurgeons or orthopedic surgeons. This complication frequently results in the death of the patient. Its occurrence is probably more common than the medical ...
Iacono F - - 1998
Intracorporeal needle breakage during intracavernous self-injection of vasoactive drugs in the treatment of erection disorders represents an unusual complication. This article presents a case of intracorporeal needle breakage during self-injection in a 50-year-old man. Our case allowed an immediate removal of the needle by manipulation, without resorting to surgery or ...
Reissman P - - 1998
An extremely rare yet potentially fatal complication of colonoscopy is reported. A 52-year-old female developed a splenic subcapsular hematoma following routine colonoscopy. Conservative treatment was successful. In the English literature, only 14 similar cases have been reported. Treatment of a splenic flexure lesion, previous surgery with splenocolic adhesions, and inflammatory ...
Richmond B K - - 1997
Over the past few years, several cases of acute mesenteric ischemic events following laparoscopy have appeared in the literature. To date, no formal description of this phenomenon has been provided. In this article, we summarize and analyze the features of the five reported cases to date as well as a ...
Erzurum V Z - - 1997
Residual appendicitis is a rare event that occurs when there is incomplete resection of the organ. A recent report suggested that this may be a complication of laparoscopic surgery. Following a case of stump appendicitis in a young patient, we thoroughly reviewed the literature and found that most reported cases ...
Beatty T W - - 1997
All primary carbon dioxide (CO2) laser stapedectomies supervised by the senior author since 1986 were retrospectively reviewed and reported according to 1995 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Committee on Hearing guidelines. Sixty-three cases had more than 6 weeks of follow-up with an average residual gap of 6.49 dB ...
Zeller B - - 1997
The prognosis of infantile myofibromatosis (IMF) depends on the organs involved: the prognosis is very poor if vital viscera are affected, but excellent if there is no visceral involvement. We report the case of a boy presenting with a pathological fracture at the age of 6 weeks. Progressive osteolytic lesions ...
Stewart J A - - 1997
Thromboembolic disease, as a complication of ovarian stimulation and assisted conception techniques, is generally considered to be a rare complication of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and, by implication, lower limb in origin. Sporadic cases of unusually sited thromboses, both venous and arterial, have been reported. This paper aims to draw attention ...
Bliss D P DP - - 1997
Necrotizing fasciitis is a potentially life-threatening infection of subcutaneous tissues and Scarpa's fascia that rarely affects neonates. We report the occurrence of this devastating infection in two neonates after routine Plastibell circumcision. These case reports highlight the presentation and management of this complication after a relatively routine and frequently performed ...
Wittman B K - - 1997
Severe fetal pleural effusion and ascites in the second trimester are associated with poor prognosis. We present a case where long-term drainage of several pleural effusion by a double reverse pig tail stent was achieved. Although the ultimate outcome was successful, complications seen in this case include accidental placement of ...
Sasaki S - - 1997
A case report and a brief review of the literature on Takayasu's arteritis complicating annuloaortic ectasia are presented. The patient successfully underwent modified Bentall procedure during the inactive stage of the disease. Piehler's method is recommended for coronary reconstruction in the presence of severe periaortic adhesions resulting from Takayasu's arteritis.
Hsu L H - - 1997
Thoracic duct injury is a potential problem from central venous catheter insertion that has rarely been reported. A case in which a left chylothorax developed 2 days after internal jugular vein catheterization is presented here. This complication was managed successfully by continuous drainage of the pleural space, oral administration of ...
Spraggs P D - - 1997
Relapsing polychondritis is a rare multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by recurrent inflammation and degeneration of cartilage and connective tissue. Laryngotracheobronchial complications are the most severe manifestations of the disease and present the most challenging management decisions. We present four cases of relapsing polychondritis with laryngotracheobronchial manifestations that illustrate ...
Ray A M - - 1997
We report a case of cervicofacial necrotizing fasciitis that developed after blepharoplasty, an occurrence that, to our knowledge, has not previously been reported in the medical literature. A patient who presented to our institution 3 days after undergoing blepharoplasty of the upper eyelid was diagnosed as having fulminant fasciitis involving ...
Sheen T S - - 1997
Nasal packing is a very common procedure in the otolaryngologic service for nasal bleeding and postoperative hemostasis. However, a pyogenic granuloma complicated from nasal packing has not been reported in the literature. A 50-year-old man underwent nasal packing by use of vaseline gauze due to nasal bleeding. Two weeks later, ...
Martin L M - - 1997
Cerebrospinal fluid hydrothorax is a very rare complication following ventriculoperitoneal shunting. The authors report a case of a 3-year-old girl who developed cerebrospinal fluid hydrothorax (caused by migration of the intra-abdominal catheter through the right vertebrocostal trigone of Bochdalek, the one most unlikely to be congenitally patent) and respiratory distress. ...
Intaraprasert S - - 1997
A 23-year retrospective review of laparoscopic sterilization in Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand, is reported. A total of 9041 cases of outpatient laparoscopic interval female sterilizations were done from January 1973 to December 1995. Intraoperative complications occurred in 35 cases (0.39%) and hospital admissions totalled 65 cases (0.72%). Adnexal injuries were ...
Chindia M L - - 1997
Gangrenous stomatitis (cancrum oris) is a lesion involving the orofacial structures that is primarily seen in areas where the socioeconomic standards are low and there is poor hygiene. The general clinical features, associated etiologic factors, and ensuing complications in eight consecutive cases diagnosed between 1991 and 1995 are presented and ...
Amirjamshidi A - - 1997
Air-gun pellet injuries (AgPI) of the central nervous system (CNS) are rare but catastrophic events. They occur mostly in children and young adults. The entrance is usually either through the orbit or through the neck and the entry wound is so small that it may be disregarded on physical examination ...
Voon L W - - 1997
Accommodative spasm usually encompasses a classical triad of pseudomyopia, esodeviation and pupillary constriction. Accommodative spasm is most often psychogenic in nature; however, it may be associated with other organic diseases of which a rare cause is that of intracranial catheter complications. We report a case of dorsal midbrain syndrome with ...
Joynt G M - - 1997
Dettol liquid is a commonly used household disinfectant and although it is labelled nonpoisonous, serious respiratory complications have been reported in up to 8% of cases of Dettol ingestion. We report a case in which the delayed onset of upper airway obstruction was treated with emergency awake, fibreoptic guided nasotracheal ...
Morgan N - - 1997
Acute tonsillitis is a common infection of early childhood which may even run a self-limiting course without antibiotic therapy in some cases. Complications are encountered infrequently and rarely assume a life-threatening propensity. Central nervous system involvement has not to our knowledge been described in association with tonsillitis without local abscess ...
Blakeborough A - - 1997
Questionnaires were sent to all Consultant Radiologists in the UK regarding complications from barium enema examinations. The 756 respondents performed a total of 738,216 examinations over the three year period 1992 to 1994. Seventy-seven Consultants (10.2%) reported a total of 82 complications including 13 deaths: an overall mortality rate of ...
Eisenberg J - - 1997
A case of psychogenic cough tic is presented to demonstrate the problems and complications that can arise from misdiagnosis of this dramatic and disabling disorder. It can be confused with TS and may be treated more aggressively than is beneficial. A single case with a recurrent course is described with ...
Olivencia J A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Complications of ambulatory phlebectomy performed in an office setting. OBJECTIVE: Complications of phlebectomy. METHODS: Review of 1000 consecutive cases performed in an office setting. CONCLUSIONS: Ambulatory Phlebectomy is a satisfying procedure for the treatment of most patients presenting with varicose veins. Its clinical as well as cosmetic results are ...
Van Deynse E E Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imeldaziekenhuis, Bonheiden, - - 1997
A case report of a newborn with sepsis due to nontypable H.Influenzae biotype IV is presented. There were no prematurity nor maternal obstetrical complications involved. The child however suffered from severe respiratory distress. With the aspiration of secretions, the resuscitation with mask oxygen and the empirically started combination of ampicillin ...
Hussey G D - - 1996
Measles remains one of the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The World Health Organization has identified effective case management as one of the specific strategies to reduce the burden of this disease. The purpose of this article is to review the aetiology, natural history, treatment ...
Zwaan J - - 1996
The history of a woman who developed diplopia after radial keratotomy is reported. Examination showed that this was the result of the appearance of accommodative esotropia. Some complications of refractive surgery reported in the literature were reviewed. It is the current policy of the U.S. military services to disquality an ...
Yang C Y - - 1996
We report a case of central venous catheter (CVC) malposition. Through subclavian approach the CVC tip was intended to anchor in the superior cava, but it turned out to be in the right internal jugular vein as revealed by chest X-ray. The cause of malposition was perhaps the preoccupancy of ...
Vernava A M AM - - 1996
Colonoscopic polypectomy has revolutionized the treatment of benign colonic neoplasia. It is performed widely by gastroenterologists and surgeons and is a safe procedure. The two major complications of colonoscopic polypectomy include hemorrhage which has a reported incidence of 0.2% to 3% and perforation which has a reported incidence of 0.5% ...
Hennequin C - - 1996
We report the cases of two patients with spondylodiskitis due to Candida albicans who were successfully treated with fluconazole. On the basis of findings from these cases and a review of 52 mycologically proven cases in the literature, we describe the main characteristics of candidal spondylodiskitis. In 60% of the ...
Mahomva A I - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of admitted malaria cases according to age, late presentation, and antimalarial drug treatments received. DESIGN: We reviewed all March 1994 hospital and laboratory records of patients with a clinical diagnosis of malaria. SETTING: Manicaland Provincial Hospital. SUBJECTS: 319 clinical malaria cases. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cases ...
Habboush H W - - 1996
We report a case of B-cell chronic lymphatic leukaemia (B-CLL) complicated by constrictive pericarditis. The pericardial involvement was confirmed histologically to be leukaemic in nature. We draw attention to this complication which is amenable to surgical correction. To our knowledge this has been described only once before as an autopsy ...
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