Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 802
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Houten John K - - 2004
Intestinal injury is a rare complication of lumbar disc surgery, resulting from inadvertent penetration of the anterior annulus fibrosus and anterior longitudinal ligament. Patients typically complain of abdominal pain and distention developing over the course of several days. Imaging with plain upright chest radiographs or abdominal computed tomography may demonstrate ...
Grigorov V V ARWYP Medical Centre, Kempton Park, South - - 2004
We present a case of an accidental cocaine overdose with various cardiovascular and neurological complications and ECG features of Brugada syndrome. It is imperative that clinicians know how to recognise and manage the symptoms of cocaine overdose because of the exceedingly rapid progression of the 'cocaine reaction' to a fatal ...
Specht Lawrence M - - 2004
We present the previously unreported complication of symptomatic heterotopic ossification of the quadriceps following placement of a large-diameter Steinmann pin for the purpose of temporary skeletal traction. Following the development of distal quadriceps heterotopic bone formation in three patients, we conducted a comprehensive search of the literature using the Medline ...
Wenaden A E T - - 2004
Late skeletal complications of meningococcal septicaemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation are well recognised in children and are largely centred on the growing epimetaphyseal region of long bones. In this article we describe a case of pseudarthrosis of the mid-ulna presenting 18 months following a devastating episode of meningococcal septicaemia in ...
Kalala Okito J P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anaemia, an autosomal recessive disease relatively common among the black races, gives rise sometimes to neurological complications. Among these, spontaneous epidural haematoma constitutes a rare event that is not always easy to treat in the Third world conditions. METHODS:Two new cases are described and their pathology is ...
Vinces Fausto Y - - 2004
The number of complications between guidewires and inferior vena cava filters is unknown and most likely underreported. Since 1993, at least 17 cases of central venous catheter guidewires entangled in inferior vena cava filters have been reported. The placement of both devices in the intensive care setting has increased the ...
Sathesh-Kumar T - - 2004
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with spillage of gall stones in 5%-40% of procedures, but complications occur very rarely. There are, however, isolated case reports describing a range of complications occurring both at a distance from and near to the subhepatic area. This review looks into the various modes of presentation, ...
Abaza K T - - 2004
We report a case of delayed cerebrospinal fluid-cutaneous fistula that developed in a patient following removal of a thoracic epidural catheter used for perioperative analgesia. It was further complicated by the development of bacterial meningitis. Predisposing factors and management of this rare iatrogenic complication are discussed and the literature reviewed ...
Woolley Ian J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Clostridium septicum is an unusual human pathogen associated with colorectal malignancy and gas gangrene. METHODS: A case compilation and literature review are presented. RESULTS: We report the case of an individual with a comminuted tibial fracture complicated by a superficial surgical site infection with C. septicum nine weeks after ...
Fenniche S - - 2004
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn is an uncommon, benign process in full-term infants or postmature neonates who experienced a perinatal distress. It is a transient condition of unknown origin; however, hypercalcemia may be a potentially life-threatening complication of this otherwise self-healing process. We report two cases of subcutaneous fat ...
Cassivi Stephen D - - 2004
Since the first reports of esophageal resection for the treatment of various esophageal diseases and disorders, morbidity related to the anastomosis and the chosen replacement conduit have remained a frequent nemesis, a constant concern, and an ongoing area of research and experimentation. In this review of this key component of ...
Muise Aleixo - - 2003
Kawasaki disease (KD) patients are known to be at increased risk for coronary artery lesions. We present evidence of another possible complication associated with KD: macrophage activation syndrome (MAS). In this case, a patient with KD and prolonged fever developed MAS. This case is of particular interest because of the ...
Alyan Omer - - 2003
A 35-year-old woman, diagnosed with polymyositis about 5 years before was admitted to the authors' clinics with syncope attack due to complete atrioventricular (AV) block. Progression of left bundle branch block to complete AV block despite all immune-suppressive treatment, and rarity of this complication in patients with polymyositis prompted the ...
Ahmad Shireen - - 2003
Complications of ophthalmologic nerve blocks are rare, but they can have serious life- and sight-threatening consequences. Knowledge of the potential complications is essential for the anesthesiologist who performs ophthalmologic nerve blocks. However, most anesthesiologists are unfamiliar with these complications because the majority have been reported in the ophthalmology literature. We ...
Barbuscia Maria - - 2003
The authors report their experience with a case of bilateral pleural effusions as a complication of intrathoracic goitre. They then go on to examine all the possible causes of this phenomenon. After discussing the anatomy of the superior mediastinum, they conclude that hydrothorax related to intrathoracic goitre could be the ...
Shimada Hideo - - 2003
We hereby reported a case of 60-year old man with superficial esophageal cancer complicated with idiopathic muscular hypertrophy of the esophagus. Endoscopic ultrasonography and CT showed the thickness of esophageal muscular layer, but the accurate diagnosis could not be entertained before operation. Idiopathic muscular hypertrophy of the esophagus is an ...
Chorost Mitchell I - - 2003
Although fiberoptic colonoscopy has gained wide popularity as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool, there remains an inherent complication rate following colonoscopic evaluation. Endoscopically induced bowel perforation and uncontrolled bleeding often necessitate immediate surgical intervention. Another often-unrecognized complication is the introduction of air into the vertebral venous system. A case of ...
Zaidan R - - 2003
High dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVG) is increasingly used in a broad range of immune mediated diseases. Thrombosis was exceptionally reported as a complication of this therapy. We describe three cases of thrombotic complications during or soon after IVIG treatment: myocardial infarction in a man and cerebral infarctions in an elderly ...
Matsuda Yoshio - - 2003
The case of a complicated pregnancy of a woman who had undergone Cabrol's operation, and whose baby suffered from subdural hematoma is presented. Although the outcome of this case was not so severe, we would like to inform about the risk to both the mother and her fetus as a ...
Mohan Aparna K - - 2003
Agents that block the action of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and recombinant interleukin-1 have been shown to be effective biologic treatment modalities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Given the immunosuppressive effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 blockers, infections have emerged as possible complications of using these agents, an observation foreshadowed ...
Ariyapruchya B - - 2003
We reviewed the laboratory-confirmed cases of leptospirosis in Ramathibodi Hospital, a medical-school hospital in Bangkok, to assess the documented cases of leptospirosis in Bangkok and the medical complications of severe cases. There were 59 cases from January 1994 to December 2000. More than half of the cases were Bangkok residents ...
Hyams Michael - - 2003
To investigate the occurrence and management of late-onset iris prolapse through the surgical wound after nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy. Two cases of iris prolapse that presented 8 and 10 months, respectively, after surgery for glaucoma were reviewed. One of the cases was associated with mild trauma. The postoperative follow-up was 5 ...
Martin Xavier D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The Fernand-Widal triad (FWT) is the association of non-allergic intrinsic asthma, nasal polyposis and sensitivity to Aspirin. The aim of this paper is to describe the possibility of ocular complications, which we found in 3 cases: in 1 case due to the FWT itself and in the other 2 ...
Bradley L J - - 2003
Benign pneumoperitoneum is a complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) feeding tube placement. The rate of occurrence is reported as up to 25%. It is usually an incidental finding that arises immediately following the procedure. We report a case of pneumoperitoneum that developed a significant time after the initial procedure. ...
Hinrichs Clay - - 2003
Gossypibomas are an unusual postoperative complication and are reluctantly reported in the literature. In the past, the patient would require a laparotomy. More recently, they have been treated laparoscopically and percutaneously by interventional radiology. This is the first case report of a gossypiboma treated with colonoscopy. This may represent an ...
Guy R J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Recent reports of serious sepsis following stapled haemorrhoidectomy have raised concerns about the appropriate treatment of haemorrhoidal disease. METHODS: A Medline search was undertaken for reports of sepsis following the commonly practised conservative and surgical treatments of haemorrhoids. RESULTS: Published accounts of significant septic complications after injection sclerotherapy, rubber-band ...
Lewis Kevin L - - 2003
Empyema is one of the potential complications of lower respiratory tract infections. Very rarely, in predisposed individuals, empyema can be caused by Trichomonas species, of which Trichomonas tenax appears to be the most common cause. Here, we present a case of trichomonal empyema in a 56-year-old man and review the ...
Kashima Matthew L - - 2003
We present an unusual case of hypopharyngeal stenosis, secondary to radiation therapy for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, complicated by repeated inadvertent passage of a Maloney dilator through the larynx into the right mainstem bronchus during self-dilation. A brief review of esophageal/hypopharyngeal stenosis and management alternatives is presented. Self-dilation is presented ...
Bernedo N - - 2003
Gastrointestinal and respiratory involvement is common in hereditary angioedema, laryngeal edema being the main cause of mortality in these patients. We report the case of an 18 year-old woman with a history of hereditary angioedema, who presented an episode of coughing and vomiting the night before, and who was diagnosed ...
Fabisiak Danuta B - - 2002
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is removal of myelin material from neural elements in a way that is not clearly known as yet. In this case of CPM, blindness was encountered and was thought to be "hysterical." The blindness went away after four months. After reviewing the literature we suggest the ...
Moghadam Hassan G - - 2002
Few dental procedures have fatal complications, but severe postoperative hemorrhage can result in preventable death. This report describes a case of postextraction hemorrhage that led to airway compromise necessitating emergency airway management. This complication is rare, and a review of the literature revealed little in the way of case reports ...
Güneren Ethem - - 2002
An inguinal and perianal localization of Fournier's gangrene (FG) in a 15-month-old boy as a complication of the varicella infection is discussed. This is the first presentation of the disease as a complication of the varicella rashes. There were already 57 pediatric FG cases resulting from other causes that had ...
Nishiyama Tomoki - - 2002
We report two cases of overdoses of intramuscular midazolam used as a premedication. Both cases had no resedation or complications, but the accidents happened as a result of a resident and nurse's lack of experience with midazolam. The intramuscular doses, given at four times the normal quantity, fortunately caused no ...
Winston A P - - 2002
Hypophosphatemia is recognized as a serious complication of hospital treatment for patients with anorexia nervosa but may also occur prior to medical intervention. This paper reports a case of severe hypophosphatemia in a patient who consumed large quantities of carbohydrates following a period of dietary restraint. The possible mechanisms underlying ...
McAndrew H F - - 2002
The Malone antegrade continence enema now commonly known as the ACE procedure was described originally for the treatment of intractable fecal incontinence in 1990. Since this time it has been used widely in many centers for the treatment of constipation and faecal soiling in both adult and pediatric practice. This ...
Rippy Elisabeth E - - 2002
Cerebral reperfusion following carotid endarterectomy occasionally causes cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome. This is a rare but important complication and this case report acted as a stimulus for a literature review of this problem. A 60-year-old businessman had a right carotid endarterectomy for a severe stenosis which had caused recurrent attacks of ...
Sawyer R J - - 2002
This case report describes an uncommon complication (blindness) occurring after an inadvertent overdosage of a frequently used local anesthetic (lidocaine) during a regional anesthetic procedure. The discussion focuses on the suspected pathophysiology of the blindness.
Ameh Emmanuel A - - 2002
Two infants aged 29 and 43 days, respectively, presented with a spontaneous scrotal faecal fistula from a strangulated inguinal hernia. There was associated necrotising fasciitis of the scrotum in both patients, but the testes were spared. Resection and anastomosis along with debridement of the scrotal fasciitis was successful in both ...
Maw Andrew - - 2002
Stapled hemorrhoidectomy (mucosectomy) is a new technique that has recently been introduced for the treatment of third-degree and fourth-degree hemorrhoids and rectal mucosal prolapse. We present a case of severe retroperitoneal sepsis complicating stapled hemorrhoidectomy that was successfully treated by conservative means, further surgery therefore being avoided. The literature on ...
Türeyen K - - 2002
This report describes the complication of pontine hemorrhage in a patient who had undergone supratentorial craniotomy for treatment of a frontal intracerebral hematoma. A literature review revealed no previous cases of pontine hemorrhage in this clinical scenario. Abnormal findings on neurological examination in the early postoperative period should alert the ...
Chiaretti A - - 2002
Henoch-Schoenlein syndrome (HSS) is the most common form of vasculitis seen in childhood. The clinical diagnosis is based on the association of nonthrombocytopenic purpura, arthritis and abdominal pain. Nephropathy is the most common complication. Hemorrhages can occur in the respiratory, gastrointestinal and urinary tracts. Neurological complications are rare, though they ...
Oye-Adeniran Boniface A - - 2002
Complications of unsafe abortion account for 30-40% of maternal deaths in Nigeria. This paper reports a case of unsafe abortion by dilatation and curettage, carried out by a medical practitioner in a private clinic on a 20-year-old single girl in Lagos, Nigeria. The girl was 16 weeks pregnant. She suffered ...
Garcia Abel Garcia AG Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. - - 2002
This study evaluates complications that arise during mandibular alveolar distraction osteogenesis and suggests treatments. We monitored complications that arose during alveolar distraction osteogenesis in 5 patients who underwent a total of 7 distractions, in all cases using an intraosseous distractor (Lead System, Leibinger, Germany). We report our responses to each ...
AbdelAziz Hani - - 2002
A 6-year-old boy presented with erythema along the tract of his ventriculoperitoneal shunt 6 years after its insertion; there was no associated CSF infection or shunt malfunction. The question of what to do in such a situation is addressed. The possible causes of the erythema are discussed, as well as ...
Givol Navot - - 2002
PURPOSE: To categorize and review complications related to implant dentistry that have resulted in legal actions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 61 patients (39 women and 22 men) were retrospectively evaluated according to a structured form. Ages ranged from 28 years to 78 years (mean 49 +/- 12 years). ...
Gokhale Y - - 2002
We report a case of quadriplegia complicating ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in a patient who was also found to have diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). She also had osteomalacia (Vit. D deficiency) with secondary hyperparathyroidism. There could be a cause and effect relationship between the abnormal biochemistry and ...
Worrell Lewit - - 2002
Blindness is a devastating complication of bilateral radical neck dissection. To our knowledge, it has been reported in the literature only 12 times. Although the cause is still controversial, many common factors have been identified. We present a case of blindness after bilateral neck dissection and discuss the perioperative circumstances ...
Al-Hathlol Khalid - - 2002
Air bubbles in the intracranial venous sinuses are known as a consequence to different causes including trauma, infection, and administration of intravenous contrast. Most of the previous reports demonstrated such cases in adults, with subsequent complications. We are presenting two premature babies who developed asymptomatic air bubbles in the right ...
Chitale S V - - 2002
We report an unusual but catastrophic complication of 'haemo peritoneum' noted following an uneventual insertion of ureteric stent. Its management was primarily affected by the presence of a significant coexisting pathology. This case highlights two important points: (1) recognizing the most rare but real possibility of major intra peritoneal haemorrhage ...
Lyu Shaw-Ruey - - 2001
The major complications of deltoid contracture frequently encountered are abduction contracture, winging of the scapula, humeral head flattening and shoulder dislocation (Bhattacharyya 1966; Chatterjee and Gupta 1983). To our knowledge acromium hyperplasia has not been a reported complication of deltoid contracture in the English-language literature. We encountered a patient who ...
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