Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 640
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Pantanowitz L - - 1999
We report a case of tongue auto-amputation in a mentally retarded patient after a flupenthixol injection. Four days after flupenthixol administration, the patient developed orolingual dyskinetic movements involving mainly tongue biting and protrusion. Self-mutilation in this case may be secondary to flupenthixol induced acute atypical orolingual dyskinesia in the face ...
Gabel A - - 1999
Prolongation of QT time interval may be provoked by a limited number of drugs, especially macrolide antibiotics. We describe a case of QT time interval prolongation induced by clindamycin with subsequent repeated ventricular fibrillation and resuscitation; there is no previous report in the literature of QT time prolongation caused by ...
Guo X - - 1999
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) such as enalapril, captopril, and lisinopril are well established as effective treatments of arterial hypertension and congestive heart failure. They are widely used and generally well tolerated. Angioedema is a rare but serious adverse effect of ACEI therapy. Most frequently, edema involves the face, oral cavity, ...
Lambrakis C C - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Burst suppression is seen in the electroencephalograms of patients receiving high doses of pentobarbital. In such circumstances, burst suppression is characterized by bilaterally synchronous and symmetric bursts of electrical activity followed by intervals of attenuation. METHODS: We report on a case of asymmetric and asynchronous pentobarbital-induced burst suppression that ...
Farver D K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of quinine-induced hepatotoxicity presenting within 24 hours following the ingestion of the first dose. DATA SOURCES: Case report information was obtained from the medical record, the patient, and the physicians involved in this patient's case. MEDLINE and Index Medicus were searched to obtain relevant published ...
Xenocostas A - - 1999
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a common noninvasive procedure for removal of upper urinary tract stones. We present a case of a man who developed anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease after ESWL and review the two other cases described in the medical literature. In all cases, the affected individuals ...
Takayanagui O M - - 1998
Cysticercosis, the infestation with the encysted larval stage of Taenia solium, is increasingly recognized as a major problem in most countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa, involving mainly the central nervous system. Muscle involvement is also common, although it usually remains asymptomatic. We describe a case of disseminated muscular ...
Woodrum S T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence and management of sexual dysfunction induced by selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), to provide an overview of sexual dysfunction, reports of SSRI-induced sexual dysfunction, and management strategies. DATA SOURCES: Information was retrieved from a MEDLINE English-literature search from January 1986 to July 1998 and by review ...
Wai A O - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) related to administration of vancomycin for the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus sternal wound infection, osteomyelitis, and infective endocarditis. CASE SUMMARY: Reports in the literature regarding vancomycin-induced AIN are scarce. We describe the fifth known case of AIN, in a 64-year-old ...
Huang J F - - 1998
Dimethylformamide(DMF), a widely used industrial solvent, has been reported to induce subtle to clinically overt hepatotoxicity. Liver injury due to occupational exposure through inhalation and skin contact have been sporadically reported. We reported a 42-year-old male Taiwanese who developed progressive, intermittent abdominal pain for 6 months after working in a ...
Hughes A J - - 1998
Haemorrhagic cystitis is a common and often debilitating complication of chemotherapy for which treatment is frequently unsatisfactory. With over 80 cases reported of radiation-induced cystitis treated successfully with hyperbaric oxygen, attention is now turning to the treatment of chemotherapeutic agent-induced cystitis. We report a case of haemorrhagic cystitis occurring after ...
Kim J W - - 1998
Manganese (Mn) intoxication is known to induce parkinsonism. Mn-induced parkinsonism preferentially affect the globus pallidus in contrast to idiopathic parkinsonism where degeneration predominantly involves the nigral pars compacta. We describe a 51-year-old man who had been occupationally exposed to Mn. He had parkinsonian features including masked face, resting tremor, and ...
van Puijenbroek E P - - 1998
Two case reports are described of male patients experiencing a semen-like urethral discharge during micturition, suspected to be induced by mazindol. Mazindol has an indirect sympathomimetic action and is known to cause urogenital side effects such as urinary retention and testicular pain. It is suggested that seminal discharge may be ...
Gavura S R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report a possible case of leukocytoclastic vasculitis associated with clarithromycin therapy. CASE SUMMARY: An 83-year-old white woman was prescribed clarithromycin for pneumonia. Six days after her initial presentation, she developed lesions on her palms. Clarithromycin was discontinued at that time. The following day she developed purpuric eccymotic nonblanching ...
Tay J C - - 1998
We report a case of ergot-induced peripheral vascular insufficiency of the lower limbs and review the vascular complications, angiographic findings and the different modalities of treatment. The following case report highlights the clinical features and course of ergot toxicity, and the difficulty in early diagnosis.
Popli A - - 1998
We report on the occurrence of galactorrhea associated with a prolactin elevation within weeks of treatment with risperidone. One of our patients was switched to a typical antipsychotic, with an improvement in the galactorrhea. The other patient was continued on risperidone due to a robust response, while her galactorrhea was ...
Essex D W - - 1998
Warfarin-induced skin necrosis is a rare complication of therapy with warfarin or other coumarin derivatives. When it occurs it usually appears 3 to 6 days after initiation of therapy and almost always between days 1 and 10. We report a case of late-onset (16 days after initiation of therapy) warfarin-induced ...
Assion H J - - 1998
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare complication of treatment with neuroleptics. The pathophysiology is not fully known. A dopaminergic transmission block in the basal ganglia and hypothalamus is thought to be the pathophysiological mechanism of NMS. Several cases of NMS have been reported, precipitated by medication without a direct ...
Taddei G L - - 1997
Endometrial hyperplasias, which occur in the premenopausal age and are often induced by anovulatory cycles, are kept under control by progestin therapy. The good results with natural and synthetic progestins suggest that this treatment can be used both in premenopause and postmenopause hyperplasia. The progestin effect on the endometrium appears ...
Ilchef R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: A case report of neuroleptic-induced laryngeal dystonia mimicking acute anaphylaxis is presented with a review of the literature and discussion of common diagnostic difficulties. CLINICAL PICTURE: The patient was a 24-year-old man with recently diagnosed schizophrenia who presented twice to a general hospital with difficulty speaking within 72 hours ...
Bhatia K P - - 1997
We report eight new sporadic cases of paroxysmal dystonia induced by prolonged or sustained exercise and review an additional seven previously reported cases. The attacks in our patients lasted from a few minutes to up to 2 h, and patient age at onset ranged from 2 to 30 years. Four ...
García Benayas E - - 1997
Here we report a case of a patient in whom the administration of calcium dobesilate was associated with the development of an agranulocytosis episode. Eight weeks after the beginning of the treatment he was hospitalized with fever and leucopenia. Bone marrow biopsy showed a maturative promyelocytic interruption. All medication was ...
Tran H T - - 1997
We report a case of amiodarone induced torsades de pointes (TdP) associated with increase QT dispersion in a patient with a history of quinidine induced TdP. An increase in QT dispersion of > 100% was noted on the 12 lead surface ECG postamiodarone therapy. In summary, amiodarone has a potential ...
Gillis S - - 1997
Anticoagulation for cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia requires the use of other anticoagulants. We report a case in whom this was achieved using the heparinoid danaparoid (Orgaran). Based on our experience and a review of the literature, we provide guidelines for managing these rare patients. A danaparoid dose ...
Park B S - - 1997
A 55-year-old male suffering from liver cirrhosis presented with diffuse annular hyperkeratotic papules of abrupt onset on the trunk and extremities. Histopathologic examination revealed cornoid lamella and eosinophilic spongiosis. He did not receive any medications other than cephalosporin for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. A review of the literature revealed that three ...
Clark R F - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the effectiveness of a new polyvalent crotalid antivenom on neurotoxicity associated with North American rattlesnake envenomation. Two syndromes of crotalid-induced neurotoxicity have been reported. In severe envenomation by Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus (Mojave rattlesnake), weakness and fasciculations of various muscle groups, including those innervated by cranial nerves, ...
Blodgett T P - - 1997
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis in a rare pustular exanthem that is most commonly drug induced. We report a case occurring secondary to diltiazem therapy and briefly review the typical characteristics of this entity.
Schacter D L - - 1997
Looking at photographs constitutes an important everyday memory activity for older adults. The authors found that reviewing photographs of events seen earlier in a videotape increases the likelihood that both older and younger adults remember specific details from the reviewed event (W. Koutstaal, D. L. Schacter, M. K. Johnson, K. ...
Fraunfelder F T - - 1997
PURPOSE: Minocycline is a commonly used drug in the management of acne and rosacea. Four individual cases of oral minocycline-induced scleral pigmentation are reported in the dermatologic literature. This is the first report in the ophthalmic literature and will add three new cases of probable minocycline-induced scleral pigmentation. MATERIALS AND ...
Ranieri P - - 1997
The presence of hyponatremia, especially in a frail and very old patient, is associated with a greater morbidity and mortality rate. We report the case of a depressed 79-year-old woman who was treated with venlafaxine, in whom a drug-induced hyponatremia occurred in the absence of other possible causes. The case ...
Stojanovic M - - 1997
Hemiballism is a relatively rare hyperkinetic disorder; treatment is based mainly on neuroleptics and drugs that decrease release of dopamine. We report the cases of two patients with hemiballism. After a period of 1 month of nonresponsiveness to haloperidol, amelioration of ballistic movements was observed only a few days after ...
Johnson C D - - 1997
Carbamazepine, a drug used for the treatment of epilepsy and neuralgias, may exert hazardous effects on the cardiac conduction system. We report such a case of symptomatic brady-arrhythmia occurring in a 43-years-old male while on therapy with carbamazepine. Additionally, a literature review is made of previous cases of carbamazepine-induced sinus ...
Katz J - - 1997
Vigabatrin is a relatively new medication used in the treatment of epilepsia. The present report concerns the use of vigabatrin by a 19-year-old woman. The patient manifested marked gingival overgrowth compatible clinically and histologically with the overgrowth induced by phenytoin, cyclosporine and calcium channel blockers. This is the 1st report ...
Wyllie A R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To report myoclonus due to chlorambucil therapy in two adults with lymphoma, and to review the literature of chlorambucil neurotoxicity in adults. CASE SUMMARIES: Case 1: An 81-year-old man with lymphoma being treated with chlorambucil developed jerking movements and stiffness that persisted for 3 days and intensified at night. ...
Crew J P - - 1997
There is increasing awareness that the long-term use of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent tiaprofenic acid (Surgam) is associated with a severe form of cystitis. The condition is usually reversible with complete resolution of symptoms on stopping the drug. We present a case of tiaprofenic acid-induced cystitis resulting in bilateral hydronephrosis ...
Livasy C A - - 1997
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an uncommon fulminating mucocutaneous disease associated with marked morbidity and mortality. While sometimes idiopathic, TEN is frequently associated with drug administration. We report a well-documented fatal case of ciprofloxacin-induced TEN in a 50-year-old man treated for a bacterial infection of lower extremity venous stasis ulcers. ...
Tronnier V M - - 1997
After the encouraging report on bilateral pallidal stimulation by Siegfried in 1994, we started this procedure in 1995 and will report our experience in 6 patients with a mean follow-up of 1 year. In contrast to the good results of pallidotomy reported in the literature improving the 'on' symptoms as ...
Bilgihan K - - 1997
The use of topical corticosteroids following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) is widespread. The major complications of potent corticosteroids are glaucoma and cataract formation; in order to decrease these complications, 0.1% fluorometholone administration is usually preferred after PRK. We report here a case of lens opacification which was induced by 0.1% fluorometholone ...
Sokoloff L G - - 1997
Neuroleptic medications may result in extrapyramidal symptoms that can affect swallowing. Both oral and pharyngeal phases of swallowing may be affected. Unlike the more common causes of dysphagia, especially in the elderly, drug-induced dysphagia may be reversible. This report describes a case of neuroleptic-induced dysphagia in an elderly male with ...
Girault C - - 1997
Fluoxetine is widely prescribed for depressed patients. Hyponatremia secondary to inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone has been reported in a few cases associated with routine use of fluoxetine, especially in elderly patients. The mechanism has been postulated to be linked to the inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone. Serum concentrations of ...
Zaphiris H A - - 1996
Nefazodone is a new antidepressant exhibiting properties of selective serotonin reuptake inhibition and serotonin-2 receptor antagonism. There has been only one other published case of induction of mania in a patient treated with nefazodone. This report describes a second case of probable induction of mania with nefazodone therapy and briefly ...
Wu C D - - 1996
Ritodrine hydrochloride, a beta 2-adrenergic receptor agonist, has been widely applied in the treatment of premature labor for many years and generally considered as a safe medication. It can however induce some serious side effects, such as pulmonary edema, myocardial ischemia, ketoacidosis, miscellaneous metabolic alterations, and leukopenia. This report presents ...
Grauer S E - - 1996
Topical benzocaine spray is an anesthetic agent that is commonly used during transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). This agent is believed to be relatively safe because of very low systemic absorption. We report a case of toxic methemoglobinemia induced by benzocaine use for pharyngeal anesthesia during TEE. Physicians who perform TEE and ...
Thompson D F - - 1996
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is an uncommon hematologic disorder characterized by the absence of erythroblasts in otherwise normal bone marrow. It is commonly an autoimmune disorder sometimes associated with a congenital error. It may also be acquired in association with thymomas, hematologic malignancies, human parvovirus B19 infection, drugs, and ...
Romanelli F - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a patient with possible paroxetine-induced bruxism that was effectively treated with buspirone. CASE SUMMARY: A 20-year-old woman with no active medical conditions besides acne and no history of dental problems was seen in an outpatient psychiatry clinic for the evaluation of ongoing depression. The ...
George P M - - 1996
An elderly white man with a long history of psoriasis, previously treated with topical steroids and ultraviolet B (UVB), developed bullous pemphigoid shortly after starting psoralen plus UVA (PUVA) therapy. The eruption spread from the forearms to the arms and neck after phototherapy was discontinued. The clinical features of the ...
Leo R J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: To review the case reports and case series of movement disorders ascribed to the use of serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). METHOD: Reports of SSRI-induced extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) in the literature were located using a MEDLINE search and review of bibliographies. RESULTS: Among the 71 cases of SSRI-induced EPS ...
Centeno J A - - 1996
Toxic cardiomyopathy (TC) has a rapid clinical course and morphologically resembles idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). To further characterize TC, we used light microscopy to compare lesions caused by cobalt (Co) to those of IDC. Cobalt levels were also measured as a chemical marker to differentiate TC from IDC. We reviewed ...
Gonzalez Del Valle L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of hyperglycemia induced by megestrol acetate in a patient with AIDS. CASE SUMMARY: A 28-year-old man with AIDS developed hyperglycemia requiring insulin therapy 5 days after beginning megestrol therapy. The hyperglycemia resolved with discontinuation of the agent and treatment with insulin, and recurred 2 years ...
Porter G A - - 1996
The pertinent literature concerning the experimental induction of analgesic nephropathy is reviewed. Based on the accumulated data from animal experiments that induced a pathologic lesion resembling chronic analgesic nephropathy, of the limited number of analgesics tested, aspirin seems to be the most nephrotoxic of the commonly available analgesics. When aspirin ...
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