Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 638
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Kobayashi T - - 2001
Carbamazepine-induced pitch perception shifts have rarely been described. Two cases of shifted pitch perception developing during medication with carbamazepine are described. Case 1 possessed absolute pitch. Her pitch perception shift disappeared with the discontinuance of carbamazepine. Case 2 did not have absolute pitch. Even though he experienced a pitch perception ...
Nakashima K - - 2001
Isocyanates are very useful chemicals, and these are important for our daily life. Various products, especially urethane resin, are made from these chemicals. There is no substitute for isocyanates at the present. Isocyanates are patent agents to provoke immunological responses. This article deals with the case reports of hypersensitivity pneumonitis ...
Merlani G - - 2001
This report describes a 57-year-old female patient with chronic lumbago, who died from the sequelae of acute liver failure induced by nimesulide medication. Nimesulide is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) which preferentially inhibits cyclo-oxygenase 2 and has been associated with a total of 13 reported cases of severe liver injury ...
See S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) associated with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX). CASE SUMMARY: A 34-year-old Asian woman developed a severe, desquamating mucocutaneous reaction (TEN) after six days of taking TMP/SMX to treat a presumed urinary tract infection (UTI). DISCUSSION: TMP/SMX is often recommended as first-line therapy for ...
Zavaleta E G - - 2001
Ergotism, once an epidemic disease, is now a rare disorder. The most common manifestation is acute peripheral ischemia due to vasospasm, with an incidence of 0.001%. We report a case of a middle-age woman who presented with ergotamine-induced leg ischemia, due to chronic use of ergotamine-containing medications for migraine headaches. ...
König C - - 2001
Linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) is an autoimmune blistering skin disease characterized by circulating IgA antibodies binding the basement membrane zone. In most cases the origin is not clear, but in a minority of cases LABD is drug induced. We describe a patient in whom linear IgA disease developed shortly ...
Martin X D - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report a severe case of dorzolamide-induced immune thrombocytopenia, to review the literature on this topic, and to draw attention to the serious potential side effects of this topical sulfonamide. CASE REPORT: An 83-year-old man with primary open-angle glaucoma in both eyes who was taking topical dorzolamide therapy for ...
Chitre M M - - 2001
Rifabutin is increasingly critical for treatment of atypical mycobacterial infections. One of its serious adverse effects is leukopenia. When encountering rifabutin-induced leukopenia, clinicians are faced with the dilemma of whether to lower the dosage of rifabutin or discontinue it because existing literature does not indicate whether rifabutin-induced leukopenia is dose ...
Calista D - - 2001
A 5-year-old girl presented with a 2-week history of a sharply demarcated, inflammatory, granulomatous lesion on the right side of her scalp. Shortly afterward, painful, subcutaneous nodules developed on her shins and thighs. Trichophyton mentagrophytes was isolated from the scalp lesion and a diagnosis of erythema nodosum induced by kerion ...
Gupta V - - 2001
We report a case of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH), Syndrome wherein the patient developed ocular symptoms following injury-induced progressive vitiligo with immunologic evidence from the skin biopsy specimen of the vitiligo. This case supports the hypothesis that the cell-mediated immune process against a common melanocyte antigen plays an important role in the ...
Mir S - - 2001
Hyperglycaemia is known occasionally to occur with conventional neuroleptics, but has more recently been associated with atypical antipsychotics especially clozapine and olanzapine. This article examines more closely this association. A review of relevant published literature from 1970 to date was undertaken following Medline and Embase searches in June 2000. Hyperglycaemia ...
Alonso R - - 2001
We evaluated the in vitro activities of ofloxacin, levofloxacin, grepafloxacin, trovafloxacin and ciprofloxacin against Clostridium difficile. The MIC(90) was 128 mg/L for ofloxacin and levofloxacin, 64 mg/L for ciprofloxacin, 16 mg/L for grepafloxacin and 8 mg/L for trovafloxacin. Thirty per cent of isolates were resistant to trovafloxacin, and rates of ...
Andreescu A C - - 2001
We report here a case of recurrent venous and arterial thromboembolism, Trousseau's syndrome, in a cancer patient who developed heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. She was treated with lepirudin and after establishing the patient-specific half-life for subcutaneous lepirudin, she was successfully maintained on this therapy for more than eight months. To our knowledge ...
Dickerman R D - - 2001
Hiccups have been classified as a neurologic reaction triggered by a multitude of factors. There are only a few reports of persistent hiccups associated with oral and intravenous corticosteroid use in the medical literature. It has been proposed that corticosteroids lower the threshold for synaptic transmission in the midbrain and ...
Toussirot E - - 2001
We report the case of a woman treated with a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogue for endometriosis who developed typical clinical features of fibromyalgia, with widespread musculoskeletal pain, sleep difficulties, neuropsychological complaints and tender points on clininal examination. The gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogue treatment probably induced disturbances in the neuroendocrine system and the ...
Colakovski H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of propylthiouracil-induced vasculitis manifesting with pericarditis. METHODS: We present the first case report of a woman with hyperthyroidism treated with propylthiouracil in whom a syndrome of pericarditis, fever, and glomerulonephritis developed. Serologic testing and immunologic studies were done, and a pericardial biopsy was performed. RESULTS: ...
Göpel C - - 2001
A case of life-threatening tonsil hyperplasia probably induced by severe bulimia nervosa is reported. A 14-year-old obese Caucasian girl developed severe dyspnea caused by an enlarged hyperplastic lingual tonsil after referral to a child and adolescent psychiatry unit after a suicide attempt during a family conflict. The enlargement of the ...
Stein M - - 2000
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is commonly prescribed for treatment of inflammatory arthritis. The most frequently observed serious side effect is retinal toxicity; however, case reports have described HCQ induced neuromyotoxicity. We describe a case of HCQ neuromyotoxicity and a literature review from 1965 to September 1998 using Medline and Embase. Including our ...
Nadir A - - 2000
Herbal medicines are gaining widespread popularity. Much of the public believes that botanical herbs are both harmless and useful for the treatment of a variety of symptoms. This belief stands in contrast with the fact that many herbal therapies have been shown to be toxic. In the present case report, ...
Alvarez-Fernández J G - - 2000
A case of photosensitivity induced by itraconazole is reported. A 70-year-old woman had erythema, oedema and vesicles on sun-exposed areas after 5 days of itraconazole treatment for oral candidiasis. Oral photochallenge using itraconazole and sun irradiation was positive, but photopatch test was negative. Photosensitivity from azoles is an uncommon adverse ...
Prathapkumar K R - - 2000
Chemically induced avascular necrosis of bone is a well documented entity. Indomethacin is one of the causes of this condition but is often difficult to recognise. Review of the literature shows that only one case of indomethacin induced avascular necrosis has been reported in the English language between 1966 and ...
Gursky J T - - 2000
The safe administration of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in a man with steroid-induced depression and a history of craniotomy and gamma knife surgery for two separate foci of metastatic laryngeal cancer is reported. This is the first reported case of ECT given to a patient with a history of gamma knife ...
Schindl A - - 2000
Low-intensity laser radiation is characterized by its ability to induce athermic, nondestructive photobiological processes. Although it has been in use for more than 30 years, this phototherapy is still not an established therapeutic modality. We have summarized the main arguments being brought up against the use of this therapy and ...
Elisaf M S - - 2000
Tamoxifen exhibits favorable effects on the lipid and lipoprotein profile since it decreases the total and LDL cholesterol levels as well as the Lp(a) levels. Additionally, a small increase in serum triglycerides is commonly found after tamoxifen administration. However, severe hypertriglyceridemia which can sometimes be associated with life-threatening complications is ...
Ntia I O - - 2000
Between 1991 and 1998, there were nine cases of uterine perforation following induced abortion with prolapse of the bowel out of the introitus, managed at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto. Non-physicians caused the injury in six cases. Interval between instrumentation and presentation ranged from 5 to 14 days. In ...
Crum N F - - 2000
Quinine is still frequently used by practitioners for the treatment of nocturnal leg cramps, despite the lack of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval. We report the 15th case of quinine-induced hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) in the medical literature. The likely mechanism by which quinine induces HUS is via quinine-dependent antibodies ...
Lim J G - - 2000
We report here three cases of Amanita virosa induced toxic hepatitis. Two of the three cases recovered but the other died 10 days after mushroom ingestion. Since the mortality of Amanita mushroom induced toxic hepatitis is very high, prompt diagnosis and aggressive therapeutic measures should be initiated as soon as ...
Hori H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe a case of visual perseveration including palinopsia during maprotiline therapy. METHOD: A single case report. RESULTS: The patient, a 56-year-old depressive man, suffered from visual perseveration during maprotiline therapy. The visual perseveration was dose-related and disappeared with reduction and cessation of ...
Davydov L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review underlying pathophysiology and possible treatments for clozapine-induced hypersalivation. DATA SOURCES: Primary literature was accessed through MEDLINE (1966-May 1999). Key search terms included clozapine, hypersalivation, sialorrhea, and treatment. DATA SYNTHESIS: Hypersalivation occurs in up to 54% of patients receiving clozapine. An evaluation of studies and case reports focusing ...
Setterfield J F JF Department of Oral Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, Guy's Hospital, and St John's Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK. - - 2000
Coma-induced bullae and sweat gland necrosis is a rare clinicopathological entity described in association with a variety of aetiopathological conditions all of which have resulted in an impairment of conscious level. We report the first case observed in association with clobazam, used as adjunctive therapy for resistant epilepsy in a ...
Duru F - - 2000
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation has become the treatment of choice for a variety of supraventricular tachycardias. Autonomic dysfunction may occur during application of RF current; these abnormalities resolve quickly when current delivery is terminated. We present a case of sinus node arrest and AV block in a 69-year-old woman induced ...
Wazny L D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review the published clinical data assessing the role of amiloride in the prevention of amphotericin B (AmB)induced electrolyte disorders. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (January 1966-April 1999) of English-language literature pertaining to AmB, amiloride, potassium, and magnesium was performed. Tertiary sources were also used. DATA EXTRACTION: In vivo ...
Theuerkauf I - - 2000
We report the case of a 55-year-old man who developed heparin-induced thrombocytopenia II after a vertebral fracture. Autopsy revealed segmental hepatic vein thrombosis of the right lobe with subacute congestion and an activation of hepatic stellate cells. This case shows that heparin-induced thrombocytopenia II is a possible cause of the ...
Cygan J - - 2000
We report five cases of status asthmaticus (four requiring mechanical ventilation) that were triggered by inhaled heroin and review the pertinent literature. These cases share common features of sudden and severe asthma exacerbations temporally related to heroin use, stress the importance of considering illicit drug use in like cases, and ...
Stoebner P E - - 1999
A case of tongue necrosis induced by ergotamine tartrate is reported in a patient who was suffering from an unknown giant cell arteritis (GCA). The role of ergotamine in provoking tongue necrosis in temporal arteritis has only infrequently been considered. The hypothesis concerning ergotamine-induced vasospasm potentially being able to trigger ...
Calò L - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Generally, the induction of typical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) occurs with a premature atrial stimulus that blocks in the fast pathway and proceeds down the slow pathway slowly enough to allow the refractory fast pathway time to recover. We describe two cases in which a typical AVNRT was ...
Kadidal V V - - 1999
Three cases of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) are reported that were provoked by daily heparin flushes of central venous access devices. Each case had confounding features that delayed recognition of the problem. A review of the literature revealed only 29 previously reported cases of HIT secondary to heparin flushes. However, the ...
Winfred R I - - 1999
Captopril-induced bone marrow suppression is rare, except in certain high-risk patient populations. Severe exfoliative rashes have also been associated with captopril, but a combined presentation of toxic epidermal necrolysis and agranulocytosis has not been previously described. We report an unusual case of captopril-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis with agranulocytosis in a ...
Harazin J - - 1999
A case is reported in which a patient experienced somnambulistic episodes only after taking zolpidem tartrate for insomnia. Previous to the patient's use of zolpidem tartrate he had never experienced sleepwalking, and once the medication was discontinued the sleepwalking stopped. A search of the literature revealed only two other cases ...
Bonnor R - - 1999
A variety of conditions can lead to rhabdomyolysis. Only a few cases of rhabdomyolysis resulting from near-drowning exist in the literature. We describe a victim of near-drowning who developed rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure requiring dialysis. We review the existing literature on near-drowning-induced rhabdomyolysis and discuss the possible pathogenesis.
Ozawa Y - - 1999
We document here the first case of bulimia nervosa associated with primary hyperparathyroidism. The binge eating and self-induced vomiting that occurred for more than 10 years disappeared completely after the surgical cure of primary hyperparathyroidism. Depressive and anxiety symptoms also improved dramatically. The possible influence of derangement in calcium metabolism ...
Drew P J - - 1999
Heparin-induced skin necrosis is a rare but potentially devastating side-effect of low molecular weight heparins. These agents are widely used in surgical practice and doctors prescribing them should be aware of the condition, as failure to recognise it may increase morbidity. An unusually severe case is presented with a review ...
Shen W W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature describing female orgasmic disorder and impaired sexual desire disorder by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and their treatment, including the use of sildenafil. STUDY DESIGN: Literature reviews of all available published articles on this topic from 1989 to 1996 were done. This paper also includes ...
Wilburn-Goo D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted literature review to create a heightened awareness of the potential for developing toxic methemoglobinemia from local anesthetics. Methemoglobin normally is present in the blood at levels less than 1 percent. Levels may become toxic as hemoglobin is oxidized to methemoglobin after local anesthetics such as benzocaine ...
Tomcsányi J - - 1999
We present a case of early (within the first 24 hours) development of malignant torsades de pointes (TdP) associated with intravenous amiodarone therapy. After correction of predisposing factors (heart failure, hypokalemia, digoxin) amiodarone again resulted in torsades. This observation suggests that in patients who have experienced amiodarone-induced proarrhythmia, amiodarone administration ...
Kamochi H - - 1999
Two cases of QT prolongation and torsades de pointes (TdP) are presented. The patients had been taking clarithromycin (400 mg/day) for respiratory disease. Although erythromycin is reportedly associated with TdP, this is the first report of clarithromycin associated with TdP in the absence of other drugs already known to produce ...
Schulz P - - 1999
A unique case of initially right sided varicella zoster induced Ramsay-Hunt syndrome with complete vestibular loss is reported. The patient subsequently developed deficits of the left vestibule 5 months later. An autoimmune pathogenesis of the left vestibular failure rather than bilateral varicella zoster infection was suggested by the following data: ...
Van Den Neste E - - 1999
A few cases of secondary neoplasms occurring after treatment with 2-chloro-2'-deoxyadenosine (2CdA) have been reported, mostly in patients previously exposed to other anti-cancer drugs including alkylating agents (AA). Here we report on the occurrence of a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with monosomy 5 and/or 7 in two patients after 2CdA treatment, ...
Pantanowitz L - - 1999
We report a case of tongue auto-amputation in a mentally retarded patient after a flupenthixol injection. Four days after flupenthixol administration, the patient developed orolingual dyskinetic movements involving mainly tongue biting and protrusion. Self-mutilation in this case may be secondary to flupenthixol induced acute atypical orolingual dyskinesia in the face ...
Gabel A - - 1999
Prolongation of QT time interval may be provoked by a limited number of drugs, especially macrolide antibiotics. We describe a case of QT time interval prolongation induced by clindamycin with subsequent repeated ventricular fibrillation and resuscitation; there is no previous report in the literature of QT time prolongation caused by ...
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