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Results 351 - 400 of 621
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Stein M - - 2000
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is commonly prescribed for treatment of inflammatory arthritis. The most frequently observed serious side effect is retinal toxicity; however, case reports have described HCQ induced neuromyotoxicity. We describe a case of HCQ neuromyotoxicity and a literature review from 1965 to September 1998 using Medline and Embase. Including our ...
Nadir A - - 2000
Herbal medicines are gaining widespread popularity. Much of the public believes that botanical herbs are both harmless and useful for the treatment of a variety of symptoms. This belief stands in contrast with the fact that many herbal therapies have been shown to be toxic. In the present case report, ...
Alvarez-Fernández J G - - 2000
A case of photosensitivity induced by itraconazole is reported. A 70-year-old woman had erythema, oedema and vesicles on sun-exposed areas after 5 days of itraconazole treatment for oral candidiasis. Oral photochallenge using itraconazole and sun irradiation was positive, but photopatch test was negative. Photosensitivity from azoles is an uncommon adverse ...
Prathapkumar K R - - 2000
Chemically induced avascular necrosis of bone is a well documented entity. Indomethacin is one of the causes of this condition but is often difficult to recognise. Review of the literature shows that only one case of indomethacin induced avascular necrosis has been reported in the English language between 1966 and ...
Gursky J T - - 2000
The safe administration of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in a man with steroid-induced depression and a history of craniotomy and gamma knife surgery for two separate foci of metastatic laryngeal cancer is reported. This is the first reported case of ECT given to a patient with a history of gamma knife ...
Schindl A - - 2000
Low-intensity laser radiation is characterized by its ability to induce athermic, nondestructive photobiological processes. Although it has been in use for more than 30 years, this phototherapy is still not an established therapeutic modality. We have summarized the main arguments being brought up against the use of this therapy and ...
Elisaf M S - - 2000
Tamoxifen exhibits favorable effects on the lipid and lipoprotein profile since it decreases the total and LDL cholesterol levels as well as the Lp(a) levels. Additionally, a small increase in serum triglycerides is commonly found after tamoxifen administration. However, severe hypertriglyceridemia which can sometimes be associated with life-threatening complications is ...
Ntia I O - - 2000
Between 1991 and 1998, there were nine cases of uterine perforation following induced abortion with prolapse of the bowel out of the introitus, managed at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto. Non-physicians caused the injury in six cases. Interval between instrumentation and presentation ranged from 5 to 14 days. In ...
Crum N F - - 2000
Quinine is still frequently used by practitioners for the treatment of nocturnal leg cramps, despite the lack of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval. We report the 15th case of quinine-induced hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) in the medical literature. The likely mechanism by which quinine induces HUS is via quinine-dependent antibodies ...
Lim J G - - 2000
We report here three cases of Amanita virosa induced toxic hepatitis. Two of the three cases recovered but the other died 10 days after mushroom ingestion. Since the mortality of Amanita mushroom induced toxic hepatitis is very high, prompt diagnosis and aggressive therapeutic measures should be initiated as soon as ...
Hori H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe a case of visual perseveration including palinopsia during maprotiline therapy. METHOD: A single case report. RESULTS: The patient, a 56-year-old depressive man, suffered from visual perseveration during maprotiline therapy. The visual perseveration was dose-related and disappeared with reduction and cessation of ...
Davydov L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review underlying pathophysiology and possible treatments for clozapine-induced hypersalivation. DATA SOURCES: Primary literature was accessed through MEDLINE (1966-May 1999). Key search terms included clozapine, hypersalivation, sialorrhea, and treatment. DATA SYNTHESIS: Hypersalivation occurs in up to 54% of patients receiving clozapine. An evaluation of studies and case reports focusing ...
Setterfield J F JF Department of Oral Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, Guy's Hospital, and St John's Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK. - - 2000
Coma-induced bullae and sweat gland necrosis is a rare clinicopathological entity described in association with a variety of aetiopathological conditions all of which have resulted in an impairment of conscious level. We report the first case observed in association with clobazam, used as adjunctive therapy for resistant epilepsy in a ...
Duru F - - 2000
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation has become the treatment of choice for a variety of supraventricular tachycardias. Autonomic dysfunction may occur during application of RF current; these abnormalities resolve quickly when current delivery is terminated. We present a case of sinus node arrest and AV block in a 69-year-old woman induced ...
Wazny L D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review the published clinical data assessing the role of amiloride in the prevention of amphotericin B (AmB)induced electrolyte disorders. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (January 1966-April 1999) of English-language literature pertaining to AmB, amiloride, potassium, and magnesium was performed. Tertiary sources were also used. DATA EXTRACTION: In vivo ...
Theuerkauf I - - 2000
We report the case of a 55-year-old man who developed heparin-induced thrombocytopenia II after a vertebral fracture. Autopsy revealed segmental hepatic vein thrombosis of the right lobe with subacute congestion and an activation of hepatic stellate cells. This case shows that heparin-induced thrombocytopenia II is a possible cause of the ...
Cygan J - - 2000
We report five cases of status asthmaticus (four requiring mechanical ventilation) that were triggered by inhaled heroin and review the pertinent literature. These cases share common features of sudden and severe asthma exacerbations temporally related to heroin use, stress the importance of considering illicit drug use in like cases, and ...
Stoebner P E - - 1999
A case of tongue necrosis induced by ergotamine tartrate is reported in a patient who was suffering from an unknown giant cell arteritis (GCA). The role of ergotamine in provoking tongue necrosis in temporal arteritis has only infrequently been considered. The hypothesis concerning ergotamine-induced vasospasm potentially being able to trigger ...
Calò L - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Generally, the induction of typical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) occurs with a premature atrial stimulus that blocks in the fast pathway and proceeds down the slow pathway slowly enough to allow the refractory fast pathway time to recover. We describe two cases in which a typical AVNRT was ...
Kadidal V V - - 1999
Three cases of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) are reported that were provoked by daily heparin flushes of central venous access devices. Each case had confounding features that delayed recognition of the problem. A review of the literature revealed only 29 previously reported cases of HIT secondary to heparin flushes. However, the ...
Winfred R I - - 1999
Captopril-induced bone marrow suppression is rare, except in certain high-risk patient populations. Severe exfoliative rashes have also been associated with captopril, but a combined presentation of toxic epidermal necrolysis and agranulocytosis has not been previously described. We report an unusual case of captopril-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis with agranulocytosis in a ...
Harazin J - - 1999
A case is reported in which a patient experienced somnambulistic episodes only after taking zolpidem tartrate for insomnia. Previous to the patient's use of zolpidem tartrate he had never experienced sleepwalking, and once the medication was discontinued the sleepwalking stopped. A search of the literature revealed only two other cases ...
Bonnor R - - 1999
A variety of conditions can lead to rhabdomyolysis. Only a few cases of rhabdomyolysis resulting from near-drowning exist in the literature. We describe a victim of near-drowning who developed rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure requiring dialysis. We review the existing literature on near-drowning-induced rhabdomyolysis and discuss the possible pathogenesis.
Ozawa Y - - 1999
We document here the first case of bulimia nervosa associated with primary hyperparathyroidism. The binge eating and self-induced vomiting that occurred for more than 10 years disappeared completely after the surgical cure of primary hyperparathyroidism. Depressive and anxiety symptoms also improved dramatically. The possible influence of derangement in calcium metabolism ...
Drew P J - - 1999
Heparin-induced skin necrosis is a rare but potentially devastating side-effect of low molecular weight heparins. These agents are widely used in surgical practice and doctors prescribing them should be aware of the condition, as failure to recognise it may increase morbidity. An unusually severe case is presented with a review ...
Shen W W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature describing female orgasmic disorder and impaired sexual desire disorder by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and their treatment, including the use of sildenafil. STUDY DESIGN: Literature reviews of all available published articles on this topic from 1989 to 1996 were done. This paper also includes ...
Wilburn-Goo D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted literature review to create a heightened awareness of the potential for developing toxic methemoglobinemia from local anesthetics. Methemoglobin normally is present in the blood at levels less than 1 percent. Levels may become toxic as hemoglobin is oxidized to methemoglobin after local anesthetics such as benzocaine ...
Tomcsányi J - - 1999
We present a case of early (within the first 24 hours) development of malignant torsades de pointes (TdP) associated with intravenous amiodarone therapy. After correction of predisposing factors (heart failure, hypokalemia, digoxin) amiodarone again resulted in torsades. This observation suggests that in patients who have experienced amiodarone-induced proarrhythmia, amiodarone administration ...
Kamochi H - - 1999
Two cases of QT prolongation and torsades de pointes (TdP) are presented. The patients had been taking clarithromycin (400 mg/day) for respiratory disease. Although erythromycin is reportedly associated with TdP, this is the first report of clarithromycin associated with TdP in the absence of other drugs already known to produce ...
Schulz P - - 1999
A unique case of initially right sided varicella zoster induced Ramsay-Hunt syndrome with complete vestibular loss is reported. The patient subsequently developed deficits of the left vestibule 5 months later. An autoimmune pathogenesis of the left vestibular failure rather than bilateral varicella zoster infection was suggested by the following data: ...
Van Den Neste E - - 1999
A few cases of secondary neoplasms occurring after treatment with 2-chloro-2'-deoxyadenosine (2CdA) have been reported, mostly in patients previously exposed to other anti-cancer drugs including alkylating agents (AA). Here we report on the occurrence of a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with monosomy 5 and/or 7 in two patients after 2CdA treatment, ...
Pantanowitz L - - 1999
We report a case of tongue auto-amputation in a mentally retarded patient after a flupenthixol injection. Four days after flupenthixol administration, the patient developed orolingual dyskinetic movements involving mainly tongue biting and protrusion. Self-mutilation in this case may be secondary to flupenthixol induced acute atypical orolingual dyskinesia in the face ...
Gabel A - - 1999
Prolongation of QT time interval may be provoked by a limited number of drugs, especially macrolide antibiotics. We describe a case of QT time interval prolongation induced by clindamycin with subsequent repeated ventricular fibrillation and resuscitation; there is no previous report in the literature of QT time prolongation caused by ...
Guo X - - 1999
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) such as enalapril, captopril, and lisinopril are well established as effective treatments of arterial hypertension and congestive heart failure. They are widely used and generally well tolerated. Angioedema is a rare but serious adverse effect of ACEI therapy. Most frequently, edema involves the face, oral cavity, ...
Lambrakis C C - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Burst suppression is seen in the electroencephalograms of patients receiving high doses of pentobarbital. In such circumstances, burst suppression is characterized by bilaterally synchronous and symmetric bursts of electrical activity followed by intervals of attenuation. METHODS: We report on a case of asymmetric and asynchronous pentobarbital-induced burst suppression that ...
Farver D K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of quinine-induced hepatotoxicity presenting within 24 hours following the ingestion of the first dose. DATA SOURCES: Case report information was obtained from the medical record, the patient, and the physicians involved in this patient's case. MEDLINE and Index Medicus were searched to obtain relevant published ...
Xenocostas A - - 1999
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a common noninvasive procedure for removal of upper urinary tract stones. We present a case of a man who developed anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease after ESWL and review the two other cases described in the medical literature. In all cases, the affected individuals ...
Takayanagui O M - - 1998
Cysticercosis, the infestation with the encysted larval stage of Taenia solium, is increasingly recognized as a major problem in most countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa, involving mainly the central nervous system. Muscle involvement is also common, although it usually remains asymptomatic. We describe a case of disseminated muscular ...
Woodrum S T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence and management of sexual dysfunction induced by selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), to provide an overview of sexual dysfunction, reports of SSRI-induced sexual dysfunction, and management strategies. DATA SOURCES: Information was retrieved from a MEDLINE English-literature search from January 1986 to July 1998 and by review ...
Wai A O - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) related to administration of vancomycin for the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus sternal wound infection, osteomyelitis, and infective endocarditis. CASE SUMMARY: Reports in the literature regarding vancomycin-induced AIN are scarce. We describe the fifth known case of AIN, in a 64-year-old ...
Huang J F - - 1998
Dimethylformamide(DMF), a widely used industrial solvent, has been reported to induce subtle to clinically overt hepatotoxicity. Liver injury due to occupational exposure through inhalation and skin contact have been sporadically reported. We reported a 42-year-old male Taiwanese who developed progressive, intermittent abdominal pain for 6 months after working in a ...
Hughes A J - - 1998
Haemorrhagic cystitis is a common and often debilitating complication of chemotherapy for which treatment is frequently unsatisfactory. With over 80 cases reported of radiation-induced cystitis treated successfully with hyperbaric oxygen, attention is now turning to the treatment of chemotherapeutic agent-induced cystitis. We report a case of haemorrhagic cystitis occurring after ...
Kim J W - - 1998
Manganese (Mn) intoxication is known to induce parkinsonism. Mn-induced parkinsonism preferentially affect the globus pallidus in contrast to idiopathic parkinsonism where degeneration predominantly involves the nigral pars compacta. We describe a 51-year-old man who had been occupationally exposed to Mn. He had parkinsonian features including masked face, resting tremor, and ...
van Puijenbroek E P - - 1998
Two case reports are described of male patients experiencing a semen-like urethral discharge during micturition, suspected to be induced by mazindol. Mazindol has an indirect sympathomimetic action and is known to cause urogenital side effects such as urinary retention and testicular pain. It is suggested that seminal discharge may be ...
Gavura S R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report a possible case of leukocytoclastic vasculitis associated with clarithromycin therapy. CASE SUMMARY: An 83-year-old white woman was prescribed clarithromycin for pneumonia. Six days after her initial presentation, she developed lesions on her palms. Clarithromycin was discontinued at that time. The following day she developed purpuric eccymotic nonblanching ...
Tay J C - - 1998
We report a case of ergot-induced peripheral vascular insufficiency of the lower limbs and review the vascular complications, angiographic findings and the different modalities of treatment. The following case report highlights the clinical features and course of ergot toxicity, and the difficulty in early diagnosis.
Popli A - - 1998
We report on the occurrence of galactorrhea associated with a prolactin elevation within weeks of treatment with risperidone. One of our patients was switched to a typical antipsychotic, with an improvement in the galactorrhea. The other patient was continued on risperidone due to a robust response, while her galactorrhea was ...
Essex D W - - 1998
Warfarin-induced skin necrosis is a rare complication of therapy with warfarin or other coumarin derivatives. When it occurs it usually appears 3 to 6 days after initiation of therapy and almost always between days 1 and 10. We report a case of late-onset (16 days after initiation of therapy) warfarin-induced ...
Assion H J - - 1998
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare complication of treatment with neuroleptics. The pathophysiology is not fully known. A dopaminergic transmission block in the basal ganglia and hypothalamus is thought to be the pathophysiological mechanism of NMS. Several cases of NMS have been reported, precipitated by medication without a direct ...
Taddei G L - - 1997
Endometrial hyperplasias, which occur in the premenopausal age and are often induced by anovulatory cycles, are kept under control by progestin therapy. The good results with natural and synthetic progestins suggest that this treatment can be used both in premenopause and postmenopause hyperplasia. The progestin effect on the endometrium appears ...
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