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Results 301 - 350 of 632
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Thomsen H S - - 2003
The Contrast Media Safety Committee of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) has looked at the effects of contrast media on the kidney including prevention of contrast medium induced nephropathy. This has resulted in four reports dealing with 1) contrast medium induced nephrotoxicity, 2) haemodialysis and contrast media, 3) ...
Ramos Sérgio de Paula Sde - - 2003
The famous clinical case of Anna O./Bertha Pappenheim, who was treated by Breuer from 1880 to 1882 and whose pathology was discussed by him and Freud in an 1895 article (J. Breuer & S. Freud, 1895/1955), is reviewed based on biographical information regarding the patient, which appeared from 1953 onward. ...
Irons Brian K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of dose-dependent angioedema secondary to the use of the angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB) valsartan. CASE SUMMARY: A 64-year-old Hispanic woman presented with swelling of the lips shortly after an increase in her valsartan dose for uncontrolled hypertension. Other potential causes were not identified. The angioedema subsequently ...
Nammour Fadel E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of metformin-induced cholestatic hepatitis. METHODS: We present a detailed case report, including laboratory and biopsy findings. In addition, similar cases from the literature are reviewed. RESULTS: In a 68-year-old man with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus, metformin therapy was begun. The dosage initially was 500 mg ...
Salvati Maurizio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy and more recently radiosurgery represent important therapeutic methods for the treatment of tumors and arterovenous malformations affecting the central nervous system, even though several significant side-effects have been described (radionecrosis, tumors, etc.). Gliomas induced by radiation therapy are decidedly unusual, and the first descriptions of this association only ...
Dickerman Rob D - - 2003
Hiccups occurring secondary to high-doses of corticosteroids are a well-recognized problem in the field of neurosurgery. Numerous reports of oral, intravenous and intraarticular corticosteroids inducing hiccups exist in the literature. To date, there is only one case of anabolic steroids inducing hiccups. We now present a case of a patient ...
Habermeyer Elmar - - 2003
A case of bipolar disorder and transsexualism is reported and discussed. The case report shows the problematic nature of the distinction between transsexualism and psychosis-induced transsexual desires. If there is a true comorbidity of these disorders, a subtly differentiated process to guide medical expert opinion and therapy is necessary.
Ali Sherese - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature for reported cases of mania related to discontinuing antidepressant treatment, as well as for possible explanations of this phenomenon, and to present a case report. METHOD: We undertook a literature review through the PubMed index, using the key words mania, antidepressant withdrawal, and antidepressants in ...
Ali B H - - 2003
The seeds of Nigella sativa Linn. (Ranunculaceae), commonly known as black seed or black cumin, are used in folk (herbal) medicine all over the world for the treatment and prevention of a number of diseases and conditions that include asthma, diarrhoea and dyslipidaemia. This article reviews the main reports of ...
Köklü Seyfettin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To present a single case of ampicillin-induced recurrent cholestasis and a literature review. CASE SUMMARY: A 23-year-old man was hospitalized due to recurrent and self-limited cholestatic symptoms. He had used ampicillin before each cholestatic attack. He became well clinically and biochemically each time after cessation of the drug. One ...
Novaro Gian M - - 2003
Benzocaine (ethyl aminobenzoate), a topical anesthetic widely used before transesophageal echocardiography, has been reported to cause acquired methemoglobinemia. The incidence of benzocaine-induced methemoglobinemia in clinical practice, however, has been difficult to estimate. After systematic review of our institutional experience for clinically recognized cases of benzocaine-induced methemoglobinemia in patients undergoing transesophageal ...
Kundu A K - - 2003
Drug-induced lupus is not a very common entity. Drugs like hydralazine, procainamide have been reported to induce lupus, but so far there is no case report of amiodarone-induced lupus in Indian literature. A case of atrial fibrillation in an elderly man who came with systemic features of lupus after amiodarone ...
Milkiewicz P - - 2003
We report two cases of antidepressant induced cholestasis. We describe the first reported case of acute cholestasis due to citalopram (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) occurring in a patient who also experienced obstetric cholestasis in association with each of three pregnancies; in a second patient cholestasis developed due to dothiepin (tricyclic ...
Ciganda Carmen - - 2003
Plants and herbs have been used to induce abortions but there is very little published information describing the commonly used ones. The purpose of this report is to describe the herbal products used to induce abortions, and to enhance awareness and understanding of their toxic effects. A descriptive retrospective survey ...
Hoenemann Christian W - - 2003
Animal-experimental studies demonstrate desflurane's trigger effect for malignant hyperthermia (MH). In contrast to other anesthetics, the time interval from exposure to the occurrence of symptoms is much longer with desflurane. This case report focuses on MH induced by desflurane alone.
Boyd Ian W - - 2002
The Australian adverse drug reaction reporting system is acknowledged as one of the best in the world. Despite its small population of less than 20 million people, Australia's current ADR reporting rate of over 12,000 reports per year places it in the top few nations in terms of reports per ...
Kaur Charandeep - - 2002
Human bite on genitalia is a rare cause of penile ulceration, but is increasingly being reported, probably due to the increasing frequency of orogenital sex. The great morbidity associated with it brings it under the category of high-risk bite wounds, similar to those on hands, feet and joints. We report ...
Yano Shuichi - - 2002
A case of a 19-year-old man with ulcerative colitis (UC) developed multiple pulmonary nodular shadows with cavity formation, elevated perinuclear antinuclear cytoplasmic antibody (pANCA) and positive lymphocyte stimulation test by drug (DLST) for mesalazine suggesting mesalazine induced Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). Transbronchial biopsy specimens were consistent with WG and thoracoscopic biopsy ...
Johnston G A - - 2002
We report the case of a 77-year-old male who developed a florid photosensitive eruption while taking thiazide diuretics for heart failure. The lesions were lichenoid in appearance and this was confirmed histologically. The eruption cleared on withdrawal of the drug. Although thiazide-induced photosensitivity is a well-documented phenomenon, there have been ...
Fisher Alexander A Department of Geriatric Medicine, The Canberra Hospital, Canberra, - - 2002
We describe 2 patients with Parkinson's disease who developed hepatotoxicity associated with the use of entacapone, a novel, mainly peripheral acting inhibitor of catechol-D-methyltransferase. Hepatotoxicity resolved rapidly with discontinuation of the drug. Analysis of causality in a further case initially linked to entacapone exposure was confounded by conflicting serial adverse ...
Barclay Teresa S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) associated with use of citalopram in an elderly male patient and to review the English-language literature for any previous reports of SIADH or hyponatremia caused by citalopram. CASE SUMMARY: An 87-year-old Filipino man was admitted ...
Patatanian Edna - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the English-language literature on methotrexate-induced accelerated nodulosis, compile case reports of its occurrences, and make recommendations on the clinical management of patients. METHODS: A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, TOXLINE, and EMBASE databases was performed, along with a bibliographic search of key articles. Case reports were compiled separately. ...
Palleschi G M - - 2002
We present the case of a 50-year-old-man with pemphigus vulgaris involving the oropharyngolaryngeal mucosa and oesophagus. Oesophageal involvement of pemphigus vulgaris is relatively uncommon, especially in subjects in clinical remission, and has been rarely described in the literature. Endoscopic examination should be performed to avoid inappropriate therapy due to misdiagnosis ...
Michael A - - 2002
Antidepressant drugs cause a variety of sexual side effects such as decreased libido, impaired erection and delayed or absent ejaculation and orgasm. They cause distress, strain relationships, impair quality of life and reduce compliance to treatment. However, antidepressant-induced changes in sexual sensations are rare. Here, we report on a case ...
Ficarra Giuseppe - - 2002
The liquid form of silicone, called dimethicone (dimethylpolysiloxane), has been used extensively in some countries during the past 4 decades for soft tissue augmentation. Although considered biologically inert, this material has been reported as potentially inducing, after tissue injection, a granulomatous inflammatory response of variable severity. Interestingly, a remarkable paucity ...
Kontaxakis Vassilis P - - 2002
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is an uncommon but serious idiosyncratic reaction associated with antipsychotic medication. The purpose of this study was to reveal and analyze the clinical characteristics of the reported cases of NMS in patients given the novel antipsychotic olanzapine. A MEDLINE search related to olanzapine-induced NMS cases reported ...
Salado Julio - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To present a single case of zuclopenthixol-induced priapism and a literature review. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a 31-year-old patient hospitalized due to behavioral alterations and treated with oral zuclopenthixol, an antipsychotic from the thioxanthene family, who developed an acute, painful erection. DISCUSSION: The occurrence of priapism ...
Kaur Sukhjot - - 2002
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors like captopril, enalapril, lisinopril, trandopril and ramipril may rarely induce a life threatening angioedema. We present two cases of severe angioedema induced by enalapril and ramipril along with possible precipitating factors observed in these patients. The importance of prompt recognition and early management of such cases ...
Love J N - - 2002
A case of massive atenolol ingestion leading to hypotension in association with PR and QRS interval prolongation on the electrocardiogram is presented. These clinical findings are identical to those attributed to the membrane-stabilizing activity of propranolol and other lipophilic beta-blockers. It is commonly believed that hydrophilic agents such as atenolol ...
Lerza R - - 2002
We report a case of steroid-induced acute tumor lysis syndrome and review the literature. A 60-year-old woman was started on steroid therapy for dyspnea due to bilateral pleural effusion and a large mass involving the anterior mediastinum. The final diagnosis was precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma-leukemia. Following steroid therapy, the patient developed ...
Woeber Kenneth A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To present the case of a patient with Graves' hyperthyroidism in whom treatment with methimazole led to severe cholestasis. METHODS: A detailed case report and an overview of previously published cases of methimazole- and carbimazole-induced hepatotoxicity, found in a MEDLINE search with use of methimazole, carbimazole, thionamides and antithyroid ...
Tabak Fehmi - - 2002
Losartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, is widely used for the treatment of hypertension. Clinical experience with this drug has demonstrated that it is safe. Losartan-induced hepatic toxicity is extremely rare. We report a case of severe hepatic toxicity and fibrosis caused by losartan use, and we review four previously ...
Voutsadakis I A - - 2002
Eosinophilia induced by nucleoside analogs has been described in a handful of case reports and during the treatment of both chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). This paper reports an additional case of fludarabine-induced eosinophilia during the treatment of CLL. The patient, a 58-year-old man, developed peripheral ...
Navsaria P H - - 2002
Radiation is a rare cause of occlusive arterial disease. It can manifest with a variety of symptoms. The pathophysiology of radiation-induced arterial injury has not been clearly elucidated. Surgically correctable cases pose a technical challenge and there appears to be high incidence of late graft infection in areas of irradiated ...
Muller Thomas Upson - - 2002
G-induced vestibular dysfunction (GIVD) is a condition well known to aircraft pilots who experience high positive and negative G loads during unlimited-aerobatic competitions and air-show demonstrations. After landing and walking from their aircraft, pilots with GIVD manifest an extremely unstable gait, which they call the wobblies. This article includes a ...
Diler Rasim Somer - - 2002
We present a 15-year-old girl with depression, an obsessive compulsive disorder and conduct disorder, who developed EPS (torticollis, bradykinesia and cogwheel rigidity) while on fluoxetine. No other cause of EPS was present. The patient responded well to benztropine but re-experienced EPS when benztropine was stopped. Fluoxetine and benztropine were used ...
Tolosa-Vilella Carles - - 2002
The novel antipsychotic olanzapine has structural and pharmacological properties similar to clozapine. Until recently, no haematological toxicity has been reported with olanzapine use and it was expected to be a safer alternative. The authors report a case of agranulocytosis induced by olanzapine and reviewed the 11 cases reported in the ...
Adams Heiko B - - 2002
The first known report of a patient with Lyme Disease-induced peripheral neuropathy resulting in bilaterally symmetrical "Charcot" changes of the midfoot is reported. An extensive review of the literature failed to produce any known cases of neuropathic osteoarthropathy that would be linked directly or indirectly with Lyme Disease-induced peripheral neuropathy. ...
Wang Fei - - 2002
The thiazolidinediones are an important class of insulin-sensitizing agents used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Similar to other antidiabetic agents, use of the thiazolidinediones is limited by adverse drug reactions. Specifically, use of the thiazolidinediones is associated with a triad of fluid retention, edema, and weight gain. In ...
Han Paul K J - - 2002
Myoclonus is a common and well-described adverse effect of opioids. Most cases reported in the literature have been associated with opioid administration, rather than with opioid withdrawal. We describe a case of myoclonus secondary to withdrawal from transdermal fentanyl. We review the literature regarding myoclonus related to opioid therapy (opioid-induced ...
Gokel Yuksel - - 2002
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a syndrome characterized by microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia, and several variable signs of organ damage due to the platelet thrombi in the microcirculation. This article reports a case with TMA which developed after ingestion of a high-dose combination of verapamil and trandolapril. To the authors' knowledge, ...
Xu H - - 2001
A 70-year-old woman with a history of atrial fibrillation, on digoxin, presented with nausea, vomiting, and dizziness two days after initiation of clarithromycin therapy. Laboratory results revealed a serum digoxin level of 3.9 ng/ml (normal range 0.5-2.0) and creatinine of 1.1 mg/dl. The patient was admitted to the hospital and ...
Bayramgürler D - - 2001
A variety of drugs have been implicated to induce or trigger pemphigus. A case of pemphigus foliaceus that was probably caused by indapamide, in whom the diagnosis was based on clinical, histologic and direct immunofluorescence testing, is reported here. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first ...
Ali B H - - 2001
A survey of the literature published in the past 2 decades on the basic pharmacology, therapeutic uses and toxicity of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is presented. A salient pharmacological action of DMSO is its ability to scavenge oxygen-free radicals implicated in xenobiotic-induced tissue damages when given before, during or several hours ...
Kobayashi T - - 2001
Carbamazepine-induced pitch perception shifts have rarely been described. Two cases of shifted pitch perception developing during medication with carbamazepine are described. Case 1 possessed absolute pitch. Her pitch perception shift disappeared with the discontinuance of carbamazepine. Case 2 did not have absolute pitch. Even though he experienced a pitch perception ...
Nakashima K - - 2001
Isocyanates are very useful chemicals, and these are important for our daily life. Various products, especially urethane resin, are made from these chemicals. There is no substitute for isocyanates at the present. Isocyanates are patent agents to provoke immunological responses. This article deals with the case reports of hypersensitivity pneumonitis ...
Merlani G - - 2001
This report describes a 57-year-old female patient with chronic lumbago, who died from the sequelae of acute liver failure induced by nimesulide medication. Nimesulide is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) which preferentially inhibits cyclo-oxygenase 2 and has been associated with a total of 13 reported cases of severe liver injury ...
See S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) associated with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX). CASE SUMMARY: A 34-year-old Asian woman developed a severe, desquamating mucocutaneous reaction (TEN) after six days of taking TMP/SMX to treat a presumed urinary tract infection (UTI). DISCUSSION: TMP/SMX is often recommended as first-line therapy for ...
Zavaleta E G - - 2001
Ergotism, once an epidemic disease, is now a rare disorder. The most common manifestation is acute peripheral ischemia due to vasospasm, with an incidence of 0.001%. We report a case of a middle-age woman who presented with ergotamine-induced leg ischemia, due to chronic use of ergotamine-containing medications for migraine headaches. ...
König C - - 2001
Linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) is an autoimmune blistering skin disease characterized by circulating IgA antibodies binding the basement membrane zone. In most cases the origin is not clear, but in a minority of cases LABD is drug induced. We describe a patient in whom linear IgA disease developed shortly ...
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