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Results 201 - 250 of 621
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Howes Terese L - - 2006
Adult medulloblastoma is a rare intracranial tumor. Our patient is a 61 year old woman treated with cranial irradiation 15 years previously for a low grade astrocytoma in the left posterior temporal lobe that was recently diagnosed with medulloblastoma in the right cerebellum. This is the first reported case of ...
Rami Abu Fanne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of classic clozapine-induced systemic lupus erythematosus that also developed on rechallenge. CASE SUMMARY: A 32-year-old white woman diagnosed with schizophrenia presented in 1996 with clinical characteristics and laboratory markers consistent with drug-induced lupus (DIL). Clozapine, started 1 year prior, was withdrawn, with complete biological and ...
Geevasinga Nimeshan - - 2006
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are a widely prescribed class of drugs, and their usage worldwide is increasing. Although well-tolerated, there have been case reports and a recent case series implicating these drugs in acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) and progression to acute renal failure (ARF). The aim of this study was ...
Yan Brian B Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, - - 2006
Rofecoxib is a member of the coxib family of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that selectively inhibit cyclooxygenase-2. Although the coxibs are generally well-tolerated, rofecoxib was recently withdrawn from the market due to concerns regarding cardiovascular safety. Rare cases of hepatic injury attributable to the coxibs have been reported. In the present ...
Undavia Manish - - 2006
We report the case of a 47-year-old white man who presented with 1-year history of palpitations while swallowing. Event monitor confirmed the episodes were atrial tachycardia. Medical management with a calcium channel blocker did not alleviate the patient's symptoms. Gastrointestinal endoscopy did not reveal any abnormality. Electrophysiologic study was performed ...
Willett Kristine L KL Department of Pharmacology and Environmental Toxicology Research Program, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, USA. - - 2006
Our goal was to study the induction of CYP1B mRNA expression in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). CYP1B belongs to the cytochrome P450 superfamily of genes, is involved in the oxidation of endogenous and exogenous compounds, and could potentially be a useful biomarker in fish for exposure to AhR ligands. The ...
Pelizza Lorenzo - - 2006
Aim of this work is to describe a late-onset of carbamazepine-induced systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a 38-year-old female patient who had been treated with daily carbamazepine (CBZ) for 7 years because of a bipolar I disorder. When CBZ was discontinued, symptoms rapidly improved and antinuclear antibodies (ANA) disappeared. So ...
Linden Julie H - - 2006
Theories about dreams have shaped our thinking about mind-body unity and the influence of thought on the body. In this article, the authors review the sparse literature regarding the use of hypnosis with children's dreams and nightmares, summarize how hypnotically induced dreams have been used to resolve psychological symptoms, and ...
Watson Tracy D - - 2006
To report 2 cases of thrombocytopenia associated with pantoprazole treatment and discuss existing reports on this drug-induced adverse event. This paper describes the course of thrombocytopenia associated with pantoprazole 40 mg in 2 hospitalized patients. In both cases, thrombocytopenia appeared after the initiation of pantoprazole and rapidly improved after discontinuation ...
Delaney Jessica - - 2006
Clonidine-induced delirium has rarely been reported. To the best of our knowledge, there are six related case reports in the literature. We describe one such case here and review the six previously published cases. Clonidine may induce a variety of psychological side effects ranging from depression to acute hallucination and ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a common finding in children with Chiari I malformation and syringomyelia. The development of scoliosis associated with a Chiari malformation typically has been ascribed to the presence of syringomyelia. Decompression of the hindbrain hernia will often alleviate the syringomyelia and, in many cases, stabilize or reverse the ...
Matsuda Kentaro - - 2006
Eruptions induced by anticonvulsants can often be experienced clinically, and the clinical diagnosis of "drug induced hypersensitivity syndrome (HS)" was proposed to characterize these drug eruptions. Reactivation of human herpes virus-6 seems to be an integral component of HS. Previously, we experienced two cases of carbamazepine (an anticonvulsant) induced HS ...
Strevel Elizabeth L - - 2006
Co-trimoxazole (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) is a commonly prescribed antimicrobial agent. Although it is well tolerated in most patients, serious adverse events related to its use have been described. Hypoglycaemia is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of therapy. We describe a case of refractory hypoglycaemia complicated by seizure associated with co-trimoxazole for ...
Wai C T - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is an important clinical problem. However, although traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) are widely consumed in Asia, most cases of TCM-DILI are reported as case reports or case series. We aimed to evaluate the clinical course of DILI at an Asian tertiary liver centre. METHODS: All ...
Patel Priti N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of methylene blue for the treatment of ifosfamide-induced encephalopathy. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (1966-August 2005) and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1971-August 2005) were searched using the terms methylene blue, ifosfamide, encephalopathy, and neurotoxicity. DATA SYNTHESIS: Several case reports and one retrospective chart review described the use of ...
Maalouf Naim M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report 3 cases of bisphosphonate-induced hypocalcemia and review the relevant literature. METHODS: We present the clinical and laboratory findings in 3 cases of bisphosphonate-induced hypocalcemia, and discuss the pathophysiologic mechanisms and the pertinent literature. RESULTS: In our first patient (case 1), symptomatic hypocalcemia developed after intravenous administration of ...
Gulsun Murat - - 2006
Anticholinergic agents are muscarinic receptor antagonists that suppress the activity of the acetylcholine system in the brain. Some of these agents also increase the concentration of dopamine in the synaptic cleft, which may result in psychotic symptoms. Oxybutynin is an antimuscarinic drug that may have adverse effects on the CNS, ...
Masmoudi K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA) is commonly prescribed and is generally considered to have a good safety profile. Severe neurological side effects, such as acute encephalopathy or tremor, are well-known. Parkinsonian syndromes and cognitive impairment have been very rarely reported with this drug. METHODS: Ten cases of reversible parkinsonism associated with ...
Koike Yuji - - 2006
Fetomaternal hemorrhage induced by intraplacental choriocarcinoma is considered to be extremely rare. We herein describe a neonate with severe anemia caused by intraplacental choriocarcinoma that was histopathologically identified after birth. Furthermore, we reviewed three other such cases in Japan. As a result, the incidence of intraplacental choriocarcinoma may be higher ...
Youssef M Y Z - - 2006
To report 3 patients who presented with effort-induced thrombosis of the upper limbs. The 1st patient presented with a 2-week history of fever, shortness of breath, and increasing swelling of the neck after strenuous manual work. The 2nd patient presented with a 2-day history of pain, swelling, and discolouration of ...
Jang Youngho - - 2005
Sevoflurane, an anesthetic agent with methyl isopropyl fluorinated ether structure, has a very low potential for hepatotoxicity. Nevertheless, a few cases of hepatotoxicity have been reported since its introduction into clinical practice. The underlying pathophysiology may be multifactorial and sometimes nonspecific. We report a case of severe hepatotoxicity after anesthesia ...
Aydemir Selim - - 2005
Propylthiouracil is a commonly used medication for hyperthyroidism. Though propylthiouracil-induced hepatotoxicity is a rarely encountered problem, death due to fulminant hepatic failure may occur. In the English literature, only 34 cases have been described with severe hepatotoxicity secondary to this drug. Here we report a case of fulminant hepatic failure ...
Shimbo Junsuke - - 2006
We report the case of a 77-year-old woman with biopsy-confirmed polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) associated with cryofibrinogenemia presenting with polyarthralgia and digital gangrene induced by cold exposure. The clinical manifestations and parameters measured by laboratory markers including cryofibrinogen responded well to corticosteroid therapy. To our knowledge, the case of the combination ...
Tsigrelis Constantine - - 2006
Methemoglobinemia induced by the use of benzocaine-containing topical anesthetics is a rare, but potentially lethal complication after transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). We report a patient who developed methemoglobinemia after TEE. A review of the literature was performed and the majority of cases of benzocaine-induced methemoglobinemia reported thus far have occurred in ...
Tsuboi Hiromi - - 2005
Chemotherapy-induced acral erythema (AE) is primarily induced by hydroxyurea, methotrexate, and cytarabine, although there are rare reports of AE induced by combination chemotherapy containing bleomycin. It is thought that the accumulation of chemotherapeutic drugs in eccrine glands may cause eccrine squamous syringometaplasia (ESS), which is characterized by metaplasia and focal ...
Solomon Renée - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report a case of gaze-induced Desçemet's folds secondary to a primary pterygium. METHODS: Interventional case report, chart review, and literature review. RESULTS: Slitlamp examination of a 49-year-old man showed Desçemet's folds in the left eye on extreme right gaze secondary to the restrictive effect of a primary pterygium. ...
Passier Anneke - - 2005
With this article, we intend to corroborate the assumed association between mirtazapine and arthralgia by presentation of eight case reports, and we describe a possible mechanism of action. The Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb received eight case reports on arthralgia associated with use of mirtazapine. These case reports are presented in ...
Kumar Malani A - - 2005
Angioedema is a potentially life threatening condition and may be either inherited or acquired. The latter is rare with only a handful of cases reported in the world literature. Presenting complaints are often vague. Those most commonly described include swelling in the subcutaneous and submucosal tissues. Patients presenting with laryngeal ...
Sharma S P - - 2005
This is a case report of septic induced abortion done at 16 weeks of gestation outside Kathmandu valley who presented to the emergency department of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH) with peritonitis and septic shock. The case underwent emergency laparotomy and was treated surgically for perforated ileum and uterus by ...
Akcam Mustafa - - 2005
All tetracyclines are deposited in calcifying areas of the bones and teeth and may cause discoloration. Although hyperpigmentation of the skin, teeth and nails have been reported and well documented due to other tetracycline intake, it has been rarely reported that discolored nails induced by doxycycline in pediatric patients. Here ...
Vlachou E - - 2005
We report the case of a large venous malformation of the tongue, preventing the patient from being able to contain it within the oral cavity. The extent of the malformation precluded a complete surgical excision. The immediate problems were; impending airway compromise, inability to speak, eat or drink, severe discomfort ...
Khaldi S - - 2005
A case of necrotizing enterocolitis in a 19-year old man treated for schizophrenic disorder, induced by a drug association involving clozapine and requiring surgical treatment, is presented. To our knowledge only few reports have described the occurrence of this complication with atypical antipsychotics. Evidence for linking this complication to clozapine ...
Jover F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of persistent hiccups associated by azithromycin therapy. CASE SUMMARY: A 76-year-old man presented with persistent hiccups after beginning azithromycin for the treatment of pharyngitis. Hiccups were persistent and exhausting. Discontinuation of azithromycin and therapy with baclofen finally resolved hiccups. No organic cause of hiccups was ...
Furuse M - - 2005
Radiation-induced cavernous malformations are rarely reported, and most cases have been children. We describe two adult patients with cavernous malformation after irradiation for astrocytoma. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, at their ages of 53 years, showed a cavernous malformation in the irradiated field 26 and 10 years after resection and irradiation, ...
Yung A - - 2005
Pustular vasculitis of the hands is a distinctive clinical entity. It has recently been proposed by some authors to rename pustular vasculitis of the hands as 'neutrophilic dermatosis of the hands' to reflect its histological resemblance to the neutrophilic dermatoses. We report the case of a 66-year-old woman who presented ...
Ritter Robert H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of androstenedione (A)-induced impotence and severe oligospermia. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Multispecialty tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A 29-year-old married male recreational bodybuilder using the legal dietary supplement A in an attempt to enhance athletic performance. INTERVENTION(S): Immediate cessation of oral A, Depo-T regimen with a ...
Timpe Erin M - - 2005
The purpose of this paper is to review the medical literature regarding vancomycinaminoglycoside induced nephrotoxicity in the pediatric population. METHODS MEDLINE: (1966 through June 2005), EMBASE (1980 through 1st quarter 2005), and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts databases were reviewed using appropriate search terms for articles related to nephrotoxicity with vancomycin and ...
Saijo Tomohiro - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report a case of optic neuropathy associated with prolonged use of a new antibiotic, linezolid. DESIGN: Interventional case report. METHODS: Optic and peripheral neuropathy occurred in a 27-year-old woman who was undergoing prolonged linezolid therapy for osteomyelitis. The use of corticosteroid exacerbated visual loss. Discontinuation of the linezolid ...
Oborilová E - - 2005
Microconidia suspension of Trichophyton verrucosum virulent culture isolated originally from the mycotic lesions of cattle was inoculated epicutaneously to calves in various doses. Four application methods were selected, namely, onto the sheared and gently scarified skin, onto the sheared and non-scarified skin, onto the non-sheared and gently scarified skin, and ...
Reddy Soumya M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of postirradiation morphea and subcutaneous polyarteritis nodosa occurring simultaneously in a patient and to review the literature on postirradiation autoimmune phenomenon and the potential pathogenesis of such changes. METHODS: A 75-year-old woman with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy and radiation who developed postirradiation morphea and ...
Mansur A T - - 2005
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a cutaneous, mostly drug-induced reaction pattern characterized by a widespread necrosis and exfoliation of epidermis, involving more than 30% of the body surface area. Photo-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome and erythema multiforme, which belong to the same spectrum of TEN, have been described before. However, there is ...
Harrison-Woolrych Mira - - 2005
This paper describes a case series of over 200 unintended pregnancies associated with the etonogestrel implant, Implanon. These cases have been reported to the Australian Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Committee during the first 3 years of marketing in this country. Of 218 cases included, 45 had insufficient data to assess ...
Tuchinda C - - 2005
Fixed solar urticaria (FSU) is a rare and less severe subgroup of solar urticaria. It is characterized by urticarial eruptions, which occurs on the same parts of the body following sun exposure. The lesions are reproducible at the same sites with similar morphology and distribution pattern after repeated sun exposure. ...
Ansai T - - 2005
Halitosis, or bad breath, is a common concern for many people. The main causes are known to be periodontal disease and tongue coating. We present a case of an incidental tonsillolith occurrence, which was a halitosis-inducing factor. Our results show that tonsilloliths should be considered as a possible cause of ...
Opatrny Lucie - - 2005
Albendazole is a benzimidazole with wide spectrum coverage as an antiparasitic drug. Reported side effects have been minimal. We report the case of a patient who died with severe prolonged pancytopenia beginning during the third week of therapy for a pulmonary echinococcal cyst. This case was a 68-year-old man who ...
Hassan Yahaya - - 2005
Phenytoin has been reported to have major interactions with warfarin. Phenytoin induces warfarin's metabolism. However, there are many case reports which provide conflicting conclusions. Here, we report a case of a 65-year-old man with mechanical heart valve on chronic warfarin therapy who experienced persistent fluctuations of INR and bleeding secondary ...
Ayoub Walid S - - 2005
Imatinib (Gleevec, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp, East Hanover, NJ) is widely used in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. To our knowledge, only one case report of histologically proven Imatinib-induced hepatotoxicity has been reported. We describe another case of hepatotoxicity in a 22-year-old woman including the histopathologic ...
Maghami Ellie G - - 2005
Irradiation-induced sarcomas are well-known potential late sequelae of radiation therapy. These tumors are very aggressive and often elude early detection and timely intervention, rapidly leading to early demise of afflicted patients. Long-term patient follow-up and a high index of suspicion are crucial for timely intervention. In this report, we present ...
Hirota Kiichi - - 2005
Mannitol is used commonly as an osmotic diuretic to reduce intracranial pressure during the perioperative period of craniotomy. The rapid administration of mannitol solution can cause an imbalance of electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. Here, we report two cases of mannitol-induced hyperkalemia. We demonstrate that administration of mannitol during ...
B?cuwe C?cile - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Elastosis perforans serpiginosa (EPS) is a reactive perforating dermatosis characterized by the elimination of abnormal elastic fibers from the upper dermis through the epidermis. In a few cases, it occurs as a side effect of treatment by D-penicillamine (DPA). The first case of EPS induced by DPA was described ...
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