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Results 501 - 550 of 621
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Konje J C - - 1991
One hundred forty-three cases of septic abortion managed over 5 years are reviewed. Sepsis was more common after induced abortion often performed by non-gynecologists. Instrumentation was commonly performed in the homes, chemists and poorly equipped private clinics. Complications were generally severe and maternal mortality was 8.4%. Treatment was individualized but ...
Minocha A - - 1991
A case of meclofenamate-induced pill-esophagitis is reported, and the relevant literature is reviewed. The role of posture, amount of fluid chaser, esophageal obstruction or dysmotility, drug formulation, physical and chemical properties of the drug, and concomitant ingestion of alcohol, as well as the diagnosis and management of such cases, are ...
Requena L - - 1991
A case of Beau's lines secondary to combined chemotherapy for Hodgkin's disease is reported. These transverse nail depressions are interpreted as the result of a transient interruption of the nail matrix activity due to antimitotic drugs. Other causes of Beau's lines are reviewed.
Akoun G M - - 1991
In an attempt to evaluate the diagnostic help of bronchoalveolar lavage cell data in drug-induced pneumonitis (D.I.P.), we collected through the world literature 167 cases of D.I.P. In 122 cases, data were available for individual analysis (68 associated with amiodarone prescription and 54 with other drugs). 28 drugs were incriminated. ...
Mehta D P - - 1991
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis is associated with a significant incidence of morbidity and mortality. Prompt recognition of this complication and immediate withdrawal of heparin therapy are imperative. This report describes a case of heparin-induced thrombosis and thrombocytopenia with major vascular insufficiency of the extremities. This is the first reported instance ...
Baker G L - - 1991
We initially observed our patient, who had subcutaneous arginine monohydrochloride extravasation in the volar forearm, until his wound demarcation was complete. After wound demarcation, we proceeded with debridement and partial-thickness skin grafting. Upper extremity function was totally normal 3 months after this therapy. This is the first case report in ...
Rowlings P A - - 1991
We report two cases of heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), in patients who required anticoagulation for extracorporeal procedures (haemodialysis and cardiopulmonary bypass) one associated with recurrent thrombosis of the artificial circuits. Resolution of thrombocytopenia and successful anticoagulation were achieved using a low molecular weight heparinoid (LMWH) Org 10172. Anticoagulation was monitored ...
Megafu U - - 1991
Eighty-four cases of illegally induced abortion presented at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (1982-1986), or 4 per 1000 deliveries. Seventy-one percent of the patients were 20 years or younger and 8 out of 10 were nulliparous. Medical practitioners were responsible for one-third of the cases. Presentation and treatment are ...
Salvati M - - 1991
Radiation-induced gliomas are uncommon, with only 73 cases on record to date. The disease that most frequently occasioned radiation therapy has been acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Three more cases are added here, two after irradiation for ALL and one after irradiation for tinea capitis. In a review of the relevant ...
Talmi Y P - - 1991
With the current increase in commercial, military and sports diving to deeper depths, cases of middle and inner ear barotrauma are more frequently noted. Although most of the literature up to the late 1960s has emphasized middle ear barotrauma (MEBT), inner ear barotrauma (IEBT) is reported more frequently than before. ...
Shibasaki T - - 1991
To elucidate the clinical characterization of drug-induced allergic nephritis (DIAN), we analyzed the cases attending our department. We now report on the 14 cases of DIAN due to administration of penicillin in 2 cases, cephem antibiotics in 6 cases, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in 4 cases and new quinolone anticidal drugs ...
Nambudiri D E - - 1991
Recovery from lithium-induced neurotoxicity can take much longer than the 2 to 3 weeks previously reported. Contributing factors could include advanced age and underlying clinical or subclinical brain disease. However, the occurrence of lithium-induced neurotoxicity does not preclude reinstitution of lithium treatment. We report three case histories that illustrate these ...
Conti R J - - 1991
The authors discuss soft tissue calcifications as a possible effect of local corticosteroid therapy. The literature will be reviewed and a case report will be presented, which illustrates soft tissue calcifications in the heel of a patient who received multiple injections of triamcinolone hexacetonide, for heel spur syndrome. The accumulation ...
Ahn C S - - 1990
Hypersensitivity reactions to procainamide involving liver dysfunction are rare. We describe a patient who developed liver dysfunction after procainamide administration, manifested by fever, jaundice, elevated bilirubin concentration, and alkaline phosphatase concentration. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy demonstrated good hepatic uptake of the radionuclide without movement from hepatic parenchyma. To our knowledge, this is ...
Marks D R - - 1990
A syndrome of eosinophilia and myalgias associated with the ingestion of L-tryptophan has recently been described. In a large majority of the cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control thus far, discontinuation of L-tryptophan consumption has resulted in complete resolution of symptoms. The author presents a case of L-tryptophan-induced ...
Clark J A - - 1990
The Food and Drug Administration has received 11 reports of cases (three fatal) in the United States in which hepatocellular damage was associated with labetalol. The temporal circumstances strongly implicate labetalol; the conditions of nine patients improved after cessation of labetalol therapy, and one patient had a recurrence after therapy ...
Kahn S - - 1990
We reported a case of disulfiram-induced hepatitis with unique clinical features and compared our case with others in the literature. Our patient had headache, mild fever, nausea, vomiting, rash, and eosinophilia after 3 weeks of disulfiram therapy. Subsequent liver biopsy showed low-grade lobular hepatitis. After disulfiram therapy was discontinued, symptoms ...
Schwartzman M J - - 1990
Antiepileptic drug-induced dyskinesias are well described with phenytoin but have only occasionally been reported with carbamazepine. We present two patients with carbamazepine-induced dyskinesia, one with ocular skew deviation and down-beating nystagmus associated with a high therapeutic level, and another with systemic dyskinesia with a toxic carbamazepine level, and compare these ...
Ross J A - - 1990
The occurrence of +Gz-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC) is well recognized in high-performance aircraft. A case of G-LOC is described involving a co-pilot on a flying instructor's course in a propeller-driven aircraft, the CT-4. The cause of G-LOC is attributed to a combination of a lack of recent G exposure, ...
Patterson J F - - 1990
I have reported a case of myoclonus induced by nortriptyline. Serum nortriptyline levels were measured in an attempt to find whether there was any correlation between serum level and onset of myoclonus. There is clearly a need for scientific research in the neuropharmacologic features of myoclonus caused by tricyclic antidepressants, ...
Fleischhacker W W - - 1990
Akathisia is a frequent and distressing side effect of neuroleptic medications. The literature regarding the pharmacologic treatment of acute neuroleptic-induced akathisia is critically reviewed, including nine reports of the use of anticholinergic agents, 15 of the use of beta-blocking agents, and six of the use of benzodiazepines. Reports of trials ...
Domen R E - - 1990
Neutropenia is a rare complication associated with vancomycin, and the cause of this adverse reaction is not well understood. We report a case of vancomycin-induced neutropenia in which we were able to demonstrate anti-granulocyte antibodies. We also report the results of a hone marrow examination along with a brief review ...
Givens S S - - 1989
The authors discuss an angiosarcoma that developed in a 50-year-old woman's breast 10 years after she underwent conventional postoperative irradiation with cobalt 60 teletherapy. Although angiosarcoma developing in a lymphedematous arm after radical mastectomy is a well-known phenomenon, and several cases of angiosarcoma are known to have occurred in the ...
Wilson J H - - 1989
Two cases in which a DDD pacemaker failed to track P waves due to repetitive activation of the automatic postventricular atrial refractory period (PVARP) extension are reported. In one case, the cycle was initiated by a premature ventricular contraction (PVC); in the other, by touching the unipolar pacemaker with a ...
Koren G - - 1989
We evaluated the causality of the association between intrauterine exposure to phenytoin and postnatal neuroblastoma using an in vitro lymphocyte toxicity assay for phenytoin-induced reactions in an unusual sibship. In addition, we investigated intrauterine phenytoin exposure in a case series of infants and children with neuroblastoma diagnosed over 17 years ...
Sahn E E - - 1989
Elastosis perforans serpiginosa is a rare complication of D-penicillamine therapy. It has been reported to occur in Wilson's disease and cystinuria, usually after many years of high-dose therapy. We report a case of D-penicillamine-induced elastosis perforans serpiginosa with unique clinical features occurring in a 10-year-old child with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis ...
Leung A K - - 1989
Gynecomastia may be physiologic, familial, pathologic, drug-induced or, in many cases, of unknown etiology. Breast enlargement is usually unilateral and asymptomatic. Mechanisms of gynecomastia involve increased estrogen stimulation, decreased testosterone levels or a decreased androgen/estrogen ratio. Hyperprolactinemia is not a cause. Treatment of gynecomastia should be directed at the underlying ...
Westenberg A H - - 1989
A case of angiosarcoma of the greater omentum is reported. This angiosarcoma developed 8 years after irradiation for cervical carcinoma and presented with an intra-abdominal hemorrhage. We describe her clinical course, treatment and follow-up. Although several other locations of irradiation-induced sarcomas have been published, this is the first report in ...
Hamed L M - - 1989
Intracranial hypertension with papilledema occurred in two patients receiving danazol therapy for either cyclic neutropenia or immune hemolytic anemia. Results of clinical, laboratory, and neuroradiologic studies showed no apparent cause for the condition in Case 1 and the papilledema resolved one month after discontinuing danazol. Carotid angiography in Case 2 ...
Aizawa Y - - 1989
The significance of fragmented activity obtained from the atrium during electrophysiologic study (EP study) was confirmed since it was always observed just at the onset of fibrillation. It was preceded by extra stimuli or atrial flutter, and the initial site of fragmentation varied from case to case. The premature-stimulus-induced widening ...
Jorens P G - - 1989
The occurrence of torsades de pointe is often associated with the use of drugs. We report three cases of amiodarone-induced torsades de pointe. Although a lot of amiodarone-induced torsades de pointe have been published, a review of all these cases and the underlying risk-factors has never been made.
Canivet J L - - 1989
We report one case of severe accidental hypothermia; rectal temperature was 25 degrees C. Hypoxemia unmodified by 100 O2 inhalation in an ordinary face-mask was easily corrected using a face-mask CPAP; a ventilation-perfusion mismatching could be implicated in the cold induced hypoxemia. Active rewarming (1.5 degrees C/h) was pursued from ...
Zaudig M - - 1989
Two cases of organic psychosis, induced by the new chemotherapeutic agent ofloxacin (Tarivid), are described. According to DSM-III-R and ICD 10 (draft, 1987) both cases present as different, yet well-defined diagnostic categories: the new diagnostic systems appear to be superior and markedly more differentiated than ICD-9, since they provide a ...
Talmi Y P - - 1989
Hearing loss due to irradiation of the head-and-neck region is a rarely reported complication of such a treatment. Although experimental work had been performed in laboratory animals as early as at the turn of the century, substantiated clinical data in large series are lacking. The few reports published are somewhat ...
Neubauer J C - - 1988
A 51-year-old civilian pilot flying a high performance aircraft for the USAF presented for medical attention approximately 1.5 hours after developing substernal chest pain and dyspnea while flying unpressurized at FL 280 (8,534 meters) for 30 minutes. In spite of recompression about 3 hours later, the pilot expired while ascending ...
Cantor A - - 1988
Transient ST-segment elevation immediately following direct current cardioversion is a clearly documented occurrence in a small percentage of cases. Two main explanations have been suggested: myocardial injury or coronary vasospasm. We report two cases of "intermittent" and transient ST-segment elevation after cardioversion. Such intermittent elevation of the ST segment has ...
Varkel Y - - 1988
A case of an elderly man who developed severe hyponatremia and bone marrow granulomatosis while taking methyldopa is described. The hyponatremia was found to be due to the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). Bone marrow biopsy revealed granulomas. A MEDLINE search of the English literature was done, yielding ...
Arndal H - - 1988
We report a case in which a defective portable headphone caused ablation of the malleus and removal of the drum. In addition to the warnings already given against the risk of noise-induced hearing loss, a warning should be given against the use of headphones of poor quality. Alternatively, headphones consisting ...
Ushijima S - - 1988
We present here two cases with depression and obsessional symptoms, in which the patients were 11-year-old girls just prior to the advent of menarche. Their clinical picture was fairly different from the one which Deutsch, H., Jacobson, E. and Blos, P. described in their classical cases so far. In our ...
Sarembock I J IJ Department of Medicine, University of Cape - - 1988
Two cases of the unusual phenomenon of reversible left ventricular dysfunction are described. The diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic implications are highlighted.
Mangiardi J R - - 1988
Nine cases of intracranial hemorrhages related to cocaine usage are presented. Another 5 cases from the literature are reviewed. The relationship between severe cocaine-induced hypertension, and the development of subarachnoid or intracerebral hemorrhages is noted, and apparently is related to sudden transient increases of blood pressure related to cocaine use.
Duling K - - 1988
Radial keratotomy (RK), a popular procedure for reducing myopia, does not always have a successful outcome. Of the adverse effects reported in the literature, there have been few reports of undesirable disturbances of binocular vision. Four representative cases are reviewed which presented clinically with varying binocular problems induced by RK. ...
Bowman J M - - 1988
Gingival overgrowth induced by diphenylhydantoin (Dilantin) has been well documented in the literature. Recently, there have been other medications with side effects causing Dilantin-like gingival overgrowth. This article presents a case in which diltiazem (Cardizem), a calcium-channel blocker, induced gingival overgrowth. A discussion of the clinical and histologic features and ...
Briscoe J G - - 1988
Pemoline is an indirectly acting sympathomimetic with actions similar to amphetamine and methylphenidate. While choreoathetosis is a well-recognised complication of acute or chronic amphetamine abuse, only 3 previous case reports have implicated pemoline in such a movement disorder. We report a 49-year-old man who developed severe choreoathetosis with rhabdomyolysis after ...
Diehl L F - - 1988
A case of fatal dilated cardiomyopathy induced by esorubicin (ESO) at a total dose of 740 mg/m2, given in 27 doses over 650 days, is reported. The sudden onset, rapid clinical deterioration, and fatal outcome are detailed. The outcome was not predicted by serial rest ejection fractions or clinical signs. ...
Kandrotas R J - - 1988
Several adverse dermatologic effects have been reported with the use of warfarin. Among these is the rare complication of drug-induced necrosis. Approximately 150 cases had been reported by 1976, and a review of the literature since 1943 revealed only 4 reported cases of penile necrosis. We present the fifth case ...
Botey J - - 1988
From the report of Hirschberg, only 3 years after aspirin synthesis, there have been numerous works dedicated to showing the different types of adverse reactions found following aspirin administration. However, there are few publications on the process of urticaria and/or acute angioedema induced by ASA and few reported cases were ...
Byrd W E - - 1987
Silicone induced synovitis is a rare, but well reported complication of implant surgery for rheumatoid disease and osteoarthritis (OA). Although familiar to the orthopedists and particularly the hand surgeons, this clinical entity deserves greater attention by rheumatologists, in view of the increasing frequency of small joint replacement. Our report documents ...
Markowitz-Spence L - - 1987
Pneumoparotitis is a rare cause of parotid inflammatory disease in both adults and children. A 12-year-old girl is reported who presented with recurrent bilateral parotid swelling. Radiologic evaluation revealed pneumoparotitis associated with masseter muscle hypertrophy. Further investigation revealed the self-induced nature of the condition in this teenager. Self-induced pneumoparotitis has ...
Huang C I - - 1987
A 38 year old male dentist developed an oligodendroglioma of the left medial temporal lobe and parasellar region 12 years after radiotherapy with 6600 rads of acromegaly. The 30 cases of radiation-induced gliomas reported in the English literature are reviewed and analysed. The criteria for defining radiation-induced tumours of the ...
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