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Matas Riera Màrian M Ophthalmology Service, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane North Mymms, AL97TA London, - - 2014
The aim of this article was to describe Descemet's membrane detachment (DMD) following phacoemulsification in five equine eyes and to review the human literature on this topic. In the last decade, there has been increased reporting of DMD in the human literature, in particular following cataract surgery. The natural history ...
Laros-van Gorkom Britta Antonia Petra BA Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
The development of inhibitory antibodies to factor VIII (FVIII) or factor IX (FIX) in patients with haemophilia is a serious complication of treatment with coagulation factor concentrates. Antibodies develop in 10-15% of haemophilia A and in up to 5% of haemophilia B patients. Several strategies have been developed over the ...
Raghavan Meera M Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Musculoskeletal Radiology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA, - - 2014
Voriconazole-related periostitis has been increasingly described in the literature over the last several years as a recognizable disease entity, especially in lung transplant patients. This relationship should be considered when approaching immunosuppressed patients presenting with diffuse bone pain and imaging findings of periostitis. We present a case of voriconazole-associated periostitis, ...
Mogensen Trine H TH From the Department of Infectious Diseases, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby , - - 2014
We present a case of amoebic colitis, misdiagnosed as inflammatory bowel disease and treated with corticosteroids, leading to severe necrotizing enterocolitis. We review the literature on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of amoebic dysentery, with special emphasis on the association between immunosuppressive treatment and the development of severe invasive ...
Jacobson Dustin D Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, - - 2014
Perinephric abscesses in children are rare. Infection can come from various areas, and clinical signs overlap with more common etiologies, such as pyelonephritis. Imaging modalities and laboratory investigations help lead to a definitive diagnosis. We present a case of a 5-month-old infant presenting with a febrile illness and eventual diagnosis ...
Chen Min M Clinical College, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China Anorectal Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, - - 2014
The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness, efficacy and safety of non-pharmacological therapies for patients with functional constipation. We will electronically search OVID MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane library, CINAHL, AMED and ISI web of knowledge without any language restrictions. We will also try to obtain literatures from other ...
Zareisedehizadeh Sogand S 0000-0001-9260-8897 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore - - 2014
Pereskia bleo, a leafy cactus, is a medicinal plant native to West and South America and distributed in tropical and subtropical areas. It is traditionally used as a dietary vegetable, barrier hedge, water purifier, and insect repellant and for maintaining health, detoxification, prevention of cancer, and/or treatment of cancer, hypertension, ...
Balighi K K Autoimmune Bullous Diseases Research Centre, Razi hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Systemic corticosteroids have long been the mainstay of treatment for pemphigus patients. However, the necessity of their high-dose and long-term administration has brought about a number of complications, sometimes causing significant morbidities. Maintaining a balance between therapeutic and undesirable effects of medications is not always easily achievable. Therefore, additional treatment ...
Omranipour Ramesh R Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
We aimed to report a large series of idiopathic granulomatous lobular mastitis (IGLM) from Iran and sketch preliminary clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for approaching an inflammatory breast mass. In a retrospective records review, 43 consecutive IGLM cases were studied. Data on baseline, clinical, imaging, and pathologic characteristics were collected. The ...
Celis Soledad - - 2013
Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a chronic inflammatory disease that is considered as male genital variant lichen sclerosis. The incidence varies greatly in different series; diagnosis is mostly clinical but histopathological confirmation is mandatory. Various treatments are described, but there is no consensus that one is the best. A literature ...
Hutterer Markus - - 2013
Introduction: Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a necrotizing vasculitis of smallto-medium-sized vessels, rarely associated with hematologic neoplasms. Case report: We report a 44-year-old man with a history of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) who presented with rapidly progressing sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy. Two weeks after onset the patient developed severe acute ...
Roh Sang-Young SY Division of Medical Oncology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, South - - 2013
Sparganosis is the human infection by plerocercoid, the larvae of sparganum. Clinically, subjective symptoms do not occur in the incipient stage, but as the worm migrates, pruritus or tenderness may occur. On physical examination, soft, palpable, and sometimes migratory, subcutaneous nodules are found in sparganosis patients. As rare cases; sparganosis ...
Nelson M U - - 2013
The epidemiology, etiology and outcome of neonatal sepsis are changing over time. While monitoring longitudinal trends in neonatal sepsis in our institution, we encountered a case of late-onset neonatal sepsis due to Leclercia adecarboxylata. A Gram-negative rod previously not encountered in the clinical setting, L. adecarboxylata has recently emerged as ...
Konda S - - 2013
Purpura fulminans is a rapidly progressive syndrome of small-vessel thrombosis and hemorrhagic necrosis of the skin accompanied by disseminated intravascular coagulation. We describe a case of Streptococcus pneumoniae septicemia in an asplenic 5-year-old boy on oral tacrolimus, with a past medical history of multivisceral organ transplantation and subsequent development of ...
Deckelbaum Scott - - 2013
Eccrine poroma (EP) is a benign tumor of the eccrine duct. Multiple EPs are defined as eccrine poromatosis (EPS), an uncommon phenomenon. To date there are only eight reported cases of EPS. This review exemplifies the epidemiology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, and histology of EP, while reviewing the eight cases of ...
Afonso João Paulo Junqueira Magalhães - - 2013
Malakoplakia is a rare acquired disease that can affect many systems but is more common in the urogenital tract. Cutaneous malakoplakia is even rarer. It is far more frequent in immunodeficient patients. We report a case of cutaneous malakoplakia in a kidney transplant patient who had recently stopped receiving immunosuppressive ...
Sirisena D - - 2013
Systemic nocardiosis is rarely reported in patients with systemic vasculitis. Most cases are described in patients experiencing long-term immunosuppression following organ transplantation. In this report, we describe a 71-year-old man who developed disseminated Nocardia infection during the course of treatment of his underlying microscopic polyangiitis. He had no other associated ...
Scerra S - - 2013
Toxoplasmosis can be a severe opportunistic infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and also among solid organ transplant and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients. Patients with low-grade or chronic hematologic malignancies are treated with increasing immunosuppressive regimens and, therefore, represent an emerging population at risk for ...
Eisner Brian H - - 2013
This article reviews the data on pharmacologic treatment of kidney stone disease, with a focus on prophylaxis against stone recurrence. One of the most effective and important therapies for stone prevention, an increase in urine volume, is not discussed because this is a dietary and not a pharmacologic intervention. Also ...
Al Salman Jameela Mohammed - - 2013
Malakoplakia is a rare granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology and usually affects patients with underlying immunosuppression. This disorder usually involves the genitourinary tract but has been reported in a wide array of anatomical sites. We are presenting, what is to our knowledge, the first case in the literature in which ...
Middha Sushil Kumar - - 2013
Over the past decade, pomegranate (Punica granatum) is entitled as a wonder fruit because of its voluminous pharmacological properties. In 1830, P. granatum fruit was first recognized in United States Pharmacopeia; the Philadelphia edition introduced the rind of the fruit, the New York edition the bark of the root and ...
Long Quan - - 2012
The present report describes a case of nephrotic syndrome (NS) with invasive thymoma. A male patient was hospitalized for severe edema with reduced urine output. He had a history of thymectomy and radiotherapy because of invasive thymoma 4 years before the development of NS. Renal biopsy displayed minimal change disease ...
Umur Kayabasi A - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sarcoidosis can manifest with different ocular findings. Three different cases have been presented, each of which showed different ocular problems. The literature has also been reviewed as to find out other eye signs and treatment strategies of the disease. The diagnosis may be difficult and the treatment ...
Jordan Mark A - - 2012
Young patients with cartilage defects in the hip present a complex problem for the treating physician with limited treatment modalities available. Cartilage repair/replacement techniques have shown promising results in other joints, however, the literature regarding the hip joint is limited. The purpose of the current study is to conduct a ...
Mohanasundaram Kavitha - - 2012
Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection poses a great challenge to physicians in the tropics due to their non-specific symptoms and signs. Early identification and initiation of treatment improves mortality rates. Reports of Strongyloides infection in Hansens disease, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), organ transplant recipients and malnourished individuals have been reported in the ...
Escamilla Monica - - 2012
Nightmares are a universal and timeless phenomenon. They occur in most healthy adults as well as a significant portion of clinical populations, especially those exposed to trauma. Considerable advances in the pharmacological and psychological treatment of post-traumatic nightmares have occurred over the last decade with continuing advances in psychological interventions ...
Martins Viviane Maria Rocha - - 2012
Exogenous ochronosis is a rare, cosmetically disfiguring condition, resulting from the longterm use of topical hydroquinone in treatment of melasma. It manifests as gray-brown or blue-black macules in hydroquinone-exposed regions. The exact incidence of ochronosis is unknown. High rates have been reported in the South African population, and it is ...
Silva Rufino - - 2012
Pathological myopia is a major cause of irreversible vision loss and is the fourth to ninth most frequent cause of blindness in the world. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to pathological myopia is the leading cause of vision impairment in patients younger than 50 years. New scientific contributions have been made ...
Ghannoum Marc - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The EXtracorporeal TReatments In Poisoning (EXTRIP) workgroup was formed to provide recommendations on the use of extracorporeal treatment (ECTR) in poisoning. To test and validate its methods, the workgroup reviewed data for thallium (Tl). METHODS: After an extensive search, the co-chairs reviewed the articles, extracted the data, summarized findings, ...
Philip Abraham T - - 2012
Prolapse rectum (PR) or protrusion of the rectum beyond the anus occurs frequently in populations at both extremes of age. In the pediatric population, in developed countries, the commonest cause for PR is thought to be cystic fibrosis (CF). Treatment options for CF include conservative management, surgical resection and fixation, ...
Ustun Ihsan - - 2012
Isotretinoin is a retinoic acid derivative mostly used in the treatment of cystic acne vulgaris. The adverse effects of isotretinoin are well defined being the major limitation factor for its usage. The decrement of testosteron during isoretinoin treatment is defined in literature. We present a case with 20 years old ...
Alghonaim Yazeed - - 2012
Lymphangiomas of the tongue are relatively uncommon, and traditional treatment modalities carry a high failure rate. We present here a case report of effective treatment of lymphangioma circumscriptum of the oral tongue using radiofrequency coblation, while including a review of the current literature.
Adams Mary Theresa - - 2012
ObjectiveTo systematically review literature pertaining to head and neck lymphatic malformation treatment and to use individual-level data presented in qualifying case series to describe the reported efficacy, complications, and functional impact of surgery and sclerotherapy. The authors evaluated whether treatment modalities differ by lymphatic malformation stage.Data SourcesThe terms lymphangioendothelioma, lymphangioma, ...
Phillips Carlton B - - 2012
Infantile hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms of childhood that often have implications on development, cosmesis, and comfort. Traditional therapy has involved either observation or corticosteroids, depending on location and size. Recent studies have reported the successful use of beta-adrenergic antagonists in treating infantile hemangiomas. This succinct review discusses the properties ...
Schurr Patti - - 2012
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a challenging clinical entity that has often been associated with a number of negative clinical outcomes. The treatment of this condition lacks evidence and is often based on anecdotal beliefs and myths. This article will define GER and review the recommendations for the diagnosis of GER ...
Chen Hamilton - - 2012
  Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is characterized by narrowing of the spinal canal with impingement of the spinal cord by surrounding tissues of bones. Current management options for LSS include rest, medications, physical therapy, epidural steroid injections, alternative medicine, and surgical decompression. Because each modality of treatment has its own ...
Khoury Nadia - - 2012
Hypercalcemia associated with myelofibrosis is rare, and its pathogenesis and treatment are not known. We report a unique case of hypercalcemia associated with post-essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis and review the clinical and laboratory features, pathogenesis, and responsiveness to treatment with the bone antiresorptive agent, denosumab. A 62-yr-old woman with essential thrombocythemia ...
Prazeres Ana R - - 2012
Cheese whey is simultaneously an effluent with nutritional value and a strong organic and saline content. Cheese whey management has been focused in the development of biological treatments without valorization; biological treatments with valorization; physicochemical treatments and direct land application. In the first case, aerobic digestion is reported. In the ...
Hampson Christopher O - - 2012
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has recently been implicated as a potential causal factor in the development of multiple sclerosis (MS). The treatment of jugular and azygous vein stenoses, characteristic of CCSVI, has been proposed as a potential component of therapy for MS. In the few short years since Dr. ...
Hollan A - - 2012
Purpose: To describe the Radiological Physics Center's (RPC) methods to evaluate an institution's ability to meet protocol guidelines in order to decrease NCI clinical trial deviation rate. Methods: The RPC's dosimetry group utilizes 3 methods of assessing an institutions ability to meet the protocol treatment specifications. These methods involve a ...
Whitelaw B C - - 2012
The majority of prolactinomas respond to dopamine agonist therapy, but a proportion are resistant, requiring other treatments including surgery and/or radiotherapy. Temozolomide is an oral chemotherapy agent, which has been used as a salvage therapy to treat aggressive pituitary adenomas and carcinomas, including prolactinomas, unresponsive to all conventional treatment. We ...
Lenoir H - - 2012
Avascular necrosis of the scaphoid (Preiser's disease) is a rare entity for which there are no treatment guidelines to date. The aim of this study was to delineate the optimal treatment at different stages of this disease, based on an analysis of the cases treated in our department. Ten wrists ...
Cabezuelo J B - - 2012
Secondary amyloidosis (AA) is a severe complication of progressed Crohn’s disease (CD) for which no effective treatment exists. We present the exceptional case of a 33 year-old male with moderate renal failure and proteinuria, who was simultaneously diagnosed with AA amyloid nephropathy and oligosymptomatic CD. He was treated with infliximab ...
Lee Eric - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chlorate poisoning as a cause of methemoglobinemia is regarded in current literature to be resistant to treatment by methylene blue due to the oxidizing and denaturing properties of the chlorate anion, and often leads to severe renal and hematological complications with a high mortality rate. Recent case studies suggest ...
Pereiro Ferreirós M M - - 2012
We review the current treatments available for superficial mycoses and discuss recent developments in pharmacotherapy and the most useful adjuvant treatments. Special emphasis is placed on the proper use of conventional therapies and a number of pharmacoeconomic issues. The review also offers an update on the best treatment choices in ...
Dudley Anne G - - 2012
We report the case of a 12-year-old patient with previously diagnosed Crohn disease who presented with penile edema and purpura, with extension into the scrotum. Subsequent work-up including biopsy led to the diagnosis of extraintestinal Crohn disease, a rare manifestation in the genital region. Prompt treatment with steroids led to ...
Felton M - - 2012
Background:  There are approximately 1200 patients newly diagnosed with sialolithiasis per year in the UK. Sialoadenectomy is considered the definitive treatment option for sialolithiasis, however it is associated with low but significant morbidity. Objective of review:  To introduce sialendoscopy as an alternative for both diagnosis and treatment of salivary gland ...
Sharma Namrata - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to outline the risk factors, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of acute corneal hydrops in corneal ectatic disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: The advent of newer investigative modalities aids in diagnosis and planning of treatment in cases of acute hydrops. Although visual outcome ...
Güven Orhan - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Ankylosis, between the coronoid process and the zygoma, is a rare occurrence. A review of the literature has disclosed 15 reported cases of this disorder. True incidence of this condition might be even higher. Zygomaticocoronoid ankylosis might have been encountered by many surgeons, and yet it has been misdiagnosed ...
Choi Hwan Jun - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Herpes zoster is a common dermatologic disease characterized by unilateral pain and vesicular lesions over the unilateral sensory dermatomes being caused by the reactivation of varicella zoster virus, and its incidence seems to be increasing recently. In case of involving the ganglion of the fifth cranial nerve (trigeminal nerve), ...
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